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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kush or Cush or Coosh may refer to:


  • Biblical Cush, a grandson of Noah in the Hebrew Bible
  • Kusha (Ramayana), the younger of the twin sons of Rama and Sita
  • Kundan Singh Kush (1881–1967), Arya Samaj missionary
  • Frank Kush (born 1929), American football coach
  • Vladimir Kush (born 1965), Russian painter
  • Stony Machine (born 1966), French Peruvian Dj/Producer Psychedelic Downtempo Electronica

See also

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

CUSH, the eldest son of Ham, in the Bible, from whom seems to have been derived the name of the "Land of Cush," commonly rendered "Ethiopia" by the Septuagint and by the Vulgate. The locality of the land of Cush has long been a much-vexed question. Bochart maintained that it was exclusively in Arabia; Schulthess and Gesenius held that it should be sought for nowhere but in Africa (see Ethiopia). Others again, like Michaelis and Rosenmiiller, have supposed that the name Cush was applied to tracts of country both in Arabia and in Africa, but the defective condition of the ancient knowledge of countries and peoples, as also the probability of early migrations of "Cushite" tribes (carrying with them their name), will account for the main facts. The existence of an African Cush cannot reasonably be questioned, though the term is employed in the Old Testament with some latitude. The African Cush covers Upper Egypt, and extends southwards from the first cataract (Syene, Ezek. xxix. so). That the term was also applied to parts of Arabia is evident from Gen. x. 7, where Cush is the "father" of certain tribal and ethnical designations, all of which point very clearly to Arabia, with the very doubtful exception of Seba, which Josephus (Ant. ii. 10.2) identifies with Meroe.' Even in the 5th century A.D. the Himyarites, in the south of Arabia, were styled by Syrian writers Cushaeans and Ethiopians. Moreover, the Babylonian inscriptions mention the Kashshi, an Elamite race, whose name has been equated with the classical KoQaaiot, Kiauuot, and it has been held that this affords a more appropriate explanation of Cush (perhaps rather Kash), the ancestor of (the Babylonian) Nimrod in Gen. x. 8. Although decisive evidence is lacking, it seems extremely probable that several references to Cush in the Old Testament cannot refer to Ethiopia, despite the likelihood that considerable confusion existed in the minds of early writers. The Cushite invasion in 2 Chron. xiv. (see AsA) is intelligible if the historical foundation for the story be a raid by Arabians, but in xvi. 8 the inclusion of Libyans shows that the enemy was subsequently supposed to be African. In several passages the interpretation is bound up with that of Mizraim, and depends in general upon the question whether Ethiopia at a given time enjoyed the prominence given to it.

On Num. xii. I see JETHRO; and consult H. Winckler, Keil. u. das alte Test., 3rd ed., p. 144 sq., and 17n Kampfe urn den alten Orient, ii. pp. 36 seq., and the literature cited under MIZRAIM. (S. A. C.)

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Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki

Meaning: black

A son, probably the eldest, of Ham, and the father of Nimrod (Gen 10:8; 1Chr 1:10). From him the land of Cush seems to have derived its name.

The question of the precise locality of the land of Cush has given rise to not a little controversy. The second river of Paradise surrounded the whole land of Cush (Gen 2:13, R.V.). The term Cush is in the Old Testament generally applied to the countries south of the Israelites. It was the southern limit of Egypt (Ezek 29:10, A.V. Ethiopia, Heb. Cush), with which it is generally associated (Ps 6831; Isa 18:1; Jer 46:9, etc.). It stands also associated with Elam (Isa 11:11), with Persia (Ezek 38:5), and with the Sabeans (Isa 45:14).

From these facts it has been inferred that Cush included Arabia and the country on the west coast of the Red Sea. Rawlinson takes it to be the country still known as Khuzi-stan, on the east side of the Lower Tigris. But there are intimations which warrant the conclusion that there was also a Cush in Africa, the Ethiopia (so called by the Greeks) of Africa. Ezekiel speaks (Ezek 29:10; comp. Ezek 30:4ff) of it as lying south of Egypt. It was the country now known to us as Nubia and Abyssinia (Isa 18:1; Zeph 3:10, Heb. Cush). In ancient Egyptian inscriptions Ethiopia is termed Kesh.

The Cushites appear to have spread along extensive tracts, stretching from the Upper Nile to the Euphrates and Tigris. At an early period there was a stream of migration of Cushites "from Ethiopia, properly so called, through Arabia, Babylonia, and Persia, to Western India." The Hamite races, soon after their arrival in Africa, began to spread north, east, and west. Three branches of the Cushite or Ethiopian stock, moving from Western Asia, settled in the regions contiguous to the Persian Gulf. One branch, called the Cossaeans, settled in the mountainous district on the east of the Tigris, known afterwards as Susiana; another occupied the lower regions of the Euphrates and the Tigris; while a third colonized the southern shores and islands of the gulf, whence they afterwards emigrated to the Mediterranean and settled on the coast of Palestine as the Phoenicians.

Nimrod was a great Cushite chief. He conquered the Accadians, a Tauranian race, already settled in Mesopotamia, and founded his kingdom, the Cushites mingling with the Accads, and so forming the Chaldean nation.

This article needs to be merged with CUSH (Jewish Encyclopedia).
This article needs to be merged with Cush (Catholic Encyclopedia).
This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.

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Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

Father: Ham
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Offspring of  Cush and Unknown parent
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Book of Genesis

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This article uses material from the "Cush" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.


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