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Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Seal of Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Map of Ohio highlighting Cuyahoga County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Seat Cleveland
Largest city Cleveland
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,246 sq mi (3,226 km²)
458 sq mi (1,187 km²)
787 sq mi (2,038 km²), 63.19%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

1,393,978
3,040/sq mi (1,174/km²)
Founded June 7, 1807[1]
Named for "crooked river" possibly in Algonquian

Cuyahoga County (pronounced /ˌkaɪ.əˈhɒɡə/, or /ˌkaɪ.əˈhoʊɡə/)[2][3][4][5] is a county located in the state of Ohio, United States. It is the most populous county in Ohio; as of the 2000 census, the population was 1,393,978. Its county seat is Cleveland[6]. Cuyahoga County is part of Greater Cleveland, a metropolitan area, and Northeast Ohio, a thirteen-county region, joined together in economic development initiatives. The county is named after the Native American word (possibly Algonquian) Cuyahoga, which means "crooked river".[7] The name is also assigned to the Cuyahoga River, which bisects the county. Former U.S. President James A. Garfield was born in what was Cuyahoga County's Orange Township.

Contents

History

Cuyahoga County was organized on June 7, 1807.[8] It was later reduced by the creation of Huron, Lake, and Lorain Counties.[9]

Cuyahoga County in 1874


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Willoughby Township

In 1835, Willoughby was incorporated as a village. Willoughby Township was separated from Cuyahoga County in 1840, when it was made part of Lake County. In later years, Eastlake, Wickliffe, and Willowick would be formed from parts of the township. What was left of the township became known as Willoughby Hills in 1954.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,246 square miles (3,226 km²).458 square miles (1,187 km²) of it is land and 787 square miles (2,038 km²) of it (63.19%) is water. Part of Cuyahoga Valley National Park is located in the southeastern portion of the county.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1810 1,459
1820 6,328 333.7%
1830 10,373 63.9%
1840 26,506 155.5%
1850 48,099 81.5%
1860 78,033 62.2%
1870 132,010 69.2%
1880 196,943 49.2%
1890 309,970 57.4%
1900 439,120 41.7%
1910 637,425 45.2%
1920 943,495 48.0%
1930 1,201,455 27.3%
1940 1,217,250 1.3%
1950 1,389,532 14.2%
1960 1,647,895 18.6%
1970 1,721,300 4.5%
1980 1,498,400 −12.9%
1990 1,412,140 −5.8%
2000 1,393,978 −1.3%
Est. 2007 1,295,958 −7.0%
Population 1810-2007.[1]
Cuyahoga County population (Source: United States Census, 2000)

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 1,393,978 people, 571,457 households, and 354,874 families residing in the county. The population density was 3,040 people per square mile (1,174/km²). There were 616,903 housing units at an average density of 1,346 per square mile (520/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 67.35% White, 27.45% African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.81% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.50% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. 3.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 12.3% were of German, 9.1% Irish, 8.7% Italian and 7.3% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 89.0% spoke English and 3.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 571,457 households out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.40% were married couples living together, 15.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.90% were non-families. 32.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,168, and the median income for a family was $49,559. Males had a median income of $39,603 versus $28,395 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,272. About 10.30% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.40% of those under age 18 and 9.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Cuyahoga County is led by the three-member Board of County Commissioners. The current members are Jimmy Dimora, Tim Hagan, and Peter Lawson Jones. However, on November 4, 2008, county voters overwhelmingly approved the adoption of a county charter form of government, which would replace the three-commissioner form of county government with an elected county executive and a 12-person county council. Summit County, Ohio (suburban Akron, Ohio) is the only other Ohio county with this form of government.

Politics

Cuyahoga County is heavily Democratic in voter registration.

Presidential election results, 1960–2008
Year Democrat Republican
2008 68.50% 441,836 30.44% 196,369
2004 66.57% 448,503 32.89% 221,600
2000 62.62% 359,913 33.42% 192,099
1996 60.75% 341,357 29.15% 163,770
1992 52.72% 337,548 29.24% 187,186
1988 58.79% 353,401 40.33% 242,439
1984 55.65% 362,626 43.60% 284,094
1980 50.02% 307,448 41.47% 254,883
1976 56.03% 349,186 41.01% 255,594
1972 48.15% 317,670 49.94% 329,493
1968 53.95% 363,540 35.44% 238,791
1964 71.50% 492,911 28.50% 196,436
1960 59.83% 429,030 40.17% 288,056

Allegations of voter fraud in 2004

It has been alleged that Cuyahoga County was the scene of widespread voter fraud during the 2004 presidential election. Investigations found that there were many voting irregularities, and that many voters were unfairly purged from voter lists or otherwise disenfranchised. Statewide, as many as 42,000 voters were unfairly disenfranchised. However, allegations that this was due to interference by Republican operatives have been disproven. A report by the Greater Cleveland Voter Registration Coalition found that nearly all problems were unintentional and were due to systemic flaws in voter registration systems.[11]

Communities

Map of Cuyahoga County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

Cities

Villages

Townships

National park

The county is home to part of Cuyahoga Valley National Park, which extends southward into Summit County.

References

  1. ^ a b "Ohio County Profiles: Cuyahoga County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. http://www.odod.state.oh.us/research/FILES/S0/Cuyahoga.pdf. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ Feran, Tom (2004-02-13). "Shooing the hog out of Cuyahoga". The Plain Dealer. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/iw-search/we/InfoWeb?p_action=doc&p_topdoc=1&p_docnum=1&p_sort=YMD_date:D&p_product=NewsBank&p_text_direct-0=document_id=(%20100B6B280DC46277%20)&p_docid=100B6B280DC46277&p_theme=aggregated5&p_queryname=100B6B280DC46277&f_openurl=yes&p_nbid=E5DN55ITMTE5OTkxMTg3NC41MzY1NTE6MToxMzo2Ni4yMTMuNDEuMTQy&&p_multi=CPDB. 
  3. ^ Feran, Tom (2006-06-02). "It's a Cleveland thing, so to speak". The Plain Dealer. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/iw-search/we/InfoWeb?p_action=doc&p_topdoc=1&p_docnum=1&p_sort=YMD_date:D&p_product=NewsBank&p_text_direct-0=document_id=(%20112043416CC2CD20%20)&p_docid=112043416CC2CD20&p_theme=aggregated5&p_queryname=112043416CC2CD20&f_openurl=yes&p_nbid=F58P50SOMTE5OTkxMjUxOS4yOTM5NjU6MToxMzo2Ni4yMTMuNDEuMTQy&&p_multi=CPDB. 
  4. ^ Siegel, Robert; Block, Melissa (2009-06-23). "Letters: Cuyahoga River". All Things Considered (National Public Radio). http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=105828999. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  5. ^ McIntyre, Michael K. (2009-06-28). "How to pronounce 'Cuyahoga' turns into a national debate: Tipoff". The Plain Dealer. http://www.cleveland.com/tipoff/index.ssf/2009/06/how_to_pronounce_cuyahoga_turn.html. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Cuyahoga County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. http://www.osuedc.org/profiles/profile_entrance.php?fips=39035&sid=0. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  8. ^ "Federal Roster: Counties of Ohio, Derivation of Name and Date of Erection". http://www.sos.state.oh.us/SOS/PublicAffairs/fedRoster.aspx?Section=1585. Retrieved 2007-07-22. 
  9. ^ "Ohio Genealogy Clickable County Map". http://www.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/oh/1/counties.htm. Retrieved 2007-07-25. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ "ANALYSES OF VOTER DISQUALIFICATION,CUYAHOGA COUNTY, OHIO, NOVEMBER 2004," Greater Cleveland Voter Registration Coalition (CVRC). [1]. Retrieved October 17, 2008

External links

Coordinates: 41°32′N 81°40′W / 41.54°N 81.66°W / 41.54; -81.66


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Seal of Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Map
File:Map of Ohio highlighting Cuyahoga County.png
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the USA highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded June 7,1807[1]
Seat Cleveland
Largest City Cleveland
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 63.19%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

1393978
Website: www.cuyahogacounty.us
Named for: "crooked river" possibly in Algonquian

Cuyahoga County (pronouncedImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif /ˌkaɪəˈhɔgə/)[2] is a county located in the state of Ohio, United States. It is the most populous county in Ohio; as of the 2000 census, the population was 1,393,978. Its county seat is Cleveland6. Cuyahoga County is part of Greater Cleveland, a metropolitan area, and Northeast Ohio, a thirteen-county region, joined together in economic development initiatives. The county is named after the Native American word (possibly Algonquian) Cuyahoga, which means "crooked river".[3] The name is also assigned to the Cuyahoga River, which bisects the county. Former U.S. President James A. Garfield was born in what was Cuyahoga County's Orange Township.

Contents

History

  1. REDIRECT Template:SectstubImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif


Cuyahoga County was organized on June 7, 1807.[4] It was later reduced by the creation of Huron, Lake, and Lorain Counties.[5]

Willoughby Township

In 1835, Willoughby was incorporated as a village. Willoughby Township was separated from Cuyahoga County in 1840, when it was made part of Lake County. In later years, Eastlake, Wickliffe, and Willowick would be formed from parts of the township. What was left of the township became known as Willoughby Hills in 1954.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,226 km² (1,246 sq mi). 1,187 km² (458 sq mi) of it is land and 2,038 km² (787 sq mi) of it (63.19%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Cuyahoga County population (Source: United States Census)

As of the census² of 2000, there were 1,393,978 people, 571,457 households, and 354,874 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,174/km² (3,040/sq mi). There were 616,903 housing units at an average density of 520/km² (1,346/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 67.35% White, 27.45% African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.81% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.50% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. 3.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 571,457 households out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.40% were married couples living together, 15.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.90% were non-families. 32.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,168, and the median income for a family was $49,559. Males had a median income of $39,603 versus $28,395 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,272. About 10.30% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.40% of those under age 18 and 9.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Main article: Ohio county government

Cuyahoga County is led by the three-member Board of County Commissioners. The current members are Jimmy Dimora, Tim Hagan, and Peter Lawson Jones.

Municipalities

Map of Cuyahoga County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

Cities

Villages

Townships

Footnotes

(from the Plain Dealer article quoted)...The great majority of residents, especially the ones who have lived here their whole lives, pronounce Cuyahoga the proper way according to the old Indian pronunciation. That way is Cuy-a-HOG-a (hog as in the pig), rather than Cuy-a-HOE-ga (hoe as in the garden tool) -- a way that many TV newscasters who did not grow up in this area pronounce it.

References

  1. ^ Ohio County Profiles: Cuyahoga County (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved on 2007-04-28.
  2. ^ Feran, Tom. "It's a Cleveland thing, so to speak", The Plain Dealer, June 3, 2005. 
  3. ^ {{cite web|url = http://www.osuedc.org/profiles/profile_entrance.php?fips=39035&sid=0 |title = Cuyahoga County data |accessdate = 2007-04-28 |publisher = Ohio State University
  4. ^ Federal Roster: Counties of Ohio, Derivation of Name and Date of Erection. Retrieved on 2007-07-22.
  5. ^ Ohio Genealogy Clickable County Map. Retrieved on 2007-07-25.

External links

Coordinates: 41°32′N 81°40′W / 41.54, -81.66

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Cuyahoga County, Ohio. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Cuyahoga County, OhioRDF feed
County names Cuyahoga County, Ohio  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Ohio  +
Short name Cuyahoga County  +

This article uses material from the "Cuyahoga County, Ohio" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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