Cuyahoga Valley National Park: Wikis

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Cuyahoga Valley National Park
IUCN Category II (National Park)

Bedrock outcrops, such as this one, can be found throughout the park.
Location Summit County & Cuyahoga County, Ohio, USA
Nearest city Akron
Coordinates 41°14′30″N 81°32′59″W / 41.24167°N 81.54972°W / 41.24167; -81.54972Coordinates: 41°14′30″N 81°32′59″W / 41.24167°N 81.54972°W / 41.24167; -81.54972
Area 32,947.07 acres (133.33 km2)
19,459.82 acres (78.75 km2) federal
Established October 11, 2000
Visitors 2,468,816 (in 2006)
Governing body National Park Service

Cuyahoga Valley National Park preserves and reclaims the rural landscape along the Cuyahoga River between Akron and Cleveland in Northeast Ohio. The 51-square-mile (130 km2) park is the only national park in Ohio.

Cuyahoga means "crooked river" in Mohawk.[1][2]

Contents

Administrative history

The valley began providing recreation for urban dwellers in the 1870s when people came from nearby cities for carriage rides or leisure boat trips along the canal. In 1880, the Valley Railroad became another way to escape urban industrial life. Actual park development began in the 1910s and 1920s with the establishment of Cleveland and Akron metropolitan park districts. In 1929 the estate of Cleveland businessman Hayward Kendall donated 430 acres around the Richie Ledges and a trust fund to the state of Ohio. Kendall's will stipulated that the "property should be perpetually used for park purposes". It became Virginia Kendall park, in honor of his mother. In the 1930s, the Civilian Conservation Corps built much of the parks infrastructure including what are now Happy Days Lodge and the shelters at Octagon, Ledges, and Kendall Lake.

Although regional parks safeguarded certain places, by the 1960s local citizens feared that urban sprawl would overwhelm the Cuyahoga Valley's natural beauty. Active citizens joined forces with state and national government staff to find a long term solution. Finally, on December 27, 1974, President Gerald Ford signed the bill establishing the Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area. The area was redesignated a national park by Congress on October 11, 2000,[3] with the passage of the Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001, House Bill 4578, 106th congress.[4] It is administered by the National Park Service. David Berger National Memorial in Beachwood, Ohio, is also managed through Cuyahoga Valley National Park.

The Richfield Coliseum, a multipurpose arena in the Cuyahoga River area, was demolished in 1999 and the now-empty site became part of Cuyahoga Valley National Park upon its designation in 2000. It has since become a grassy meadow popular with birdwatchers.

Attractions

The Towpath Trail provides recreational activities for visitors

Many visitors spend their time hiking or bicycling the parks' many trails which visit its numerous attractions, including the crushed limestone along portions of the 20 miles (32.2 km) Towpath Trail, following a former stretch of the 308 miles (495.7 km) Ohio and Erie Canal.

Waterfalls, rolling hills, winding river scenery attract many park visitors. Steep narrow ravines, a rolling floodplain, and lush farmland contrast one another throughout the park. Animal life is also plentiful.

The park offers an array of preserved and restored displays of 19th and early 20th century sustainable farming and pastoral or rural living, while catering to contemporary interests with art exhibits, outdoor concerts, and scenic excursion and special event railroad tours on the Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad.[5]

It includes compatible-use sites not owned by the federal government, including several local regional parks in the Cleveland Metroparks and Metro Parks, Serving Summit County systems, Blossom Music Center, and the Hale Farm & Village. In the mid 1980s, the park hosted the National Folk Festival.

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Ohio and Erie Canal Towpath Trail

The multi-purpose Ohio & Erie Canal Towpath trail was developed by the National Park Service and is the major trail through Cuyahoga Valley National Park. From it visitors can make connections to many of the natural and historic sites in the park and to other trails that intersect it along the way.[6] or through one of the Cuyahoga Valley National Park visitor centers.[7]

History

Restored Ohio & Erie Canal Lock

The Towpath Trail follows the historic route of the Ohio & Erie Canal. Before the canal was built, Ohio was a sparsely settled wilderness where travel was difficult and getting crops to market was nearly impossible. The canal, built between 1825 and 1832, provided a successful transportation route from Cleveland, on Lake Erie, to Portsmouth, on the Ohio River. The canal opened up Ohio to the rest of the settled eastern United States.[7]

There are numerous wayside exhibits that provide information about canal features and sites of historic interest.[8] There is also a virtual tour.[7][9]

Today visitors can walk or ride along the same path that the mules used to tow the canal boats loaded with goods and passengers. The scene is different than it was then; the canal was full of water carrying a steady flow of boats amongst the constant conversations of "canawlers." Evidence of beavers can be seen in many places along the trail.[7]

Towpath trailheads

Lock 28 of the Ohio and Erie Canal, Vicinity of Peninsula, Ohio. Lock chamber, looking north. Original construction dated to 1827. With a depth of 16 feet (4.9 m), Lock #28 was the deepest lock in that portion of the Ohio and Erie Canal between Akron and Cleveland hence its popular name, Deep Lock.
Ohio and Erie Canal Tow Path Trailheads
Coordinates
Trailhead Map
Address
Description
Lock 39
41°22′24″N 81°36′59″W / 41.37327228473333°N 81.6163820429°W / 41.37327228473333; -81.61638204289993 (Canal Visitor) Canal Visitor Center Canal Road & Hillside Road, Valley View, Ohio 44125,
1½ miles south of Rockside Road
Frazee House Canal Road, Valley View, Ohio,
3½ miles south of Rockside Road
41°19′10″N 081°35′15″W / 41.31944°N 81.5875°W / 41.31944; -81.5875 (Station Road Bridge)[10] Station Road Bridge
Red Lock
Boston Store Boston Mills Road,
1/10 of a mile east of Riverview Road
Lock 29
Hunt Farm Visitor Information Center Bolanz Road,
between Akron-Peninsula Road and Riverview Road
Ira
Indian Mound

Visitor centers

Points of historic interest

[24]

National Register of Historic Places

Many of the listed homes are in private ownership.[25]

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from the National Park Service document "http://www.nps.gov/archive/cuva/planavisit/todo/recreation/ohioerie.htm".

  1. ^ "Encyclopedia of Cleveland History - The Cuyahoga River". Case Western Reserve University. http://ech.case.edu/ech-cgi/article.pl?id=CR9.  
  2. ^ "The Cuyahoga River". Cleveland Memory, Cleveland State University. http://www.clevelandmemory.org/ellis/chap03.html.  
  3. ^ Cuyahoga Valley National Park - Frequently Asked Questions (U.S. National Park Service)
  4. ^ govtrack.us summary of HR 4578
  5. ^ "CVSR". Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad. http://www.cvsr.com/.  
  6. ^ "Towpath Trail map". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. http://www.nps.gov/archive/cuva/planavisit/maps/towpath.htm.  
  7. ^ a b c d "Ohio and Erie Canal Towpath Trail". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. http://www.nps.gov/archive/cuva/planavisit/todo/recreation/ohioerie.htm.  
  8. ^ "Ohio & Erie Canal Towpath Trail Tour - Sites to Visit". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. http://www.nps.gov/archive/cuva/visitonline/towpathtour/interact.htm.  
  9. ^ "Ohio & Erie Canal - Towpath Trail Tour". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. http://www.nps.gov/archive/cuva/visitonline/towpathtour/index.htm.  
  10. ^ a b "Station Road Bridge". Geographic Names Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:1073892. Retrieved 2009-05-03.  
  11. ^ "Cuyahoga Valley National Park - Visitor Centers". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. http://www.nps.gov/archive/cuva/planavisit/visitorcenters.htm.  
  12. ^ "Cuyahoga Valley National Park - Canal Visitor Center". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. http://www.nps.gov/archive/cuva/planavisit/visitorcenters.htm#CVC.  
  13. ^ "Cuyahoga Valley National Park - Ohio and Erie Canal". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. http://www.nps.gov/archive/cuva/planavisit/todo/recreation/ohioerie.htm.  
  14. ^ "Cuyahoga Valley National Park - Interactive Tow-Path Tour". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. http://www.nps.gov/archive/cuva/visitonline/towpathtour/interact.htm.  
  15. ^ "Cuyahoga Valley National Park - Frazee House". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. http://www.nps.gov/archive/cuva/planavisit/visitorcenters.htm#FrazeeHouse.  
  16. ^ "Cuyahoga Valley National Park - Boston Store". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. http://www.nps.gov/archive/cuva/planavisit/visitorcenters.htm#BostonStr.  
  17. ^ "Cuyahoga Valley National Park - Everett Road Covered Bridge". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. http://www.nps.gov/archive/cuva/history/CvrdBrdg.htm.  
  18. ^ "Cuyahoga Valley National Park - Brandywine Village". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. http://www.nps.gov/archive/cuva/visitonline/brandywine/index.htm.  
  19. ^ "Happy Days Visitor Center". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. http://www.nps.gov/archive/cuva/planavisit/visitorcenters.htm#HDVC.  
  20. ^ "Cuyahoga Valley National Park - Virginia Kendall Unit map". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. http://www.nps.gov/archive/cuva/planavisit/maps/Map_Ldgs.htm.  
  21. ^ "The George Stanford House". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. http://www.nps.gov/archive/cuva/friends/stanford.htm.  
  22. ^ "National Register of Historic Places - Cuyahoga Valley National Park". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. http://www.nps.gov/archive/cuva/history/NatRegst.htm.  
  23. ^ "Hale Farm and Village". Western Reserve Historical Society. http://www.wrhs.org/sites/hale.htm.  
  24. ^ "Points of Historic Interest". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. http://www.nps.gov/archive/cuva/history/PntsHist.htm.  
  25. ^ "National Register of Historic Places - Cuyahoga Valley National Park". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. http://www.nps.gov/archive/cuva/history/NatRegst.htm.  
  26. ^ "Brecksville-Northfield High Level Bridge". Geographic Names Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:1073888. Retrieved 2009-05-03.  
  27. ^ "Tinkers Creek Aqueduct". Geographic Names Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:1073893. Retrieved 2009-05-03.  

General references

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

North America : United States of America : Midwest : Ohio : Northeast Ohio : Cuyahoga Valley National Park

Cuyahoga Valley National Park [1] is a United States National Park in Cuyahoga County and Summit County, Northeast Ohio, USA.

Cuyahoga Valley National Park Headquarters
Cuyahoga Valley National Park Headquarters

Understand

It is the only national park in Ohio. According to the US National Park Service, the Cuyahoga Valley is the 5th most frequently visited park (3,217,935 recreational visits in 2002) in the National Park System.

Though it is a short distance from urban environments, the park is worlds away. The winding Cuyahoga—the "Crooked River"-was named by Mohawk (Native American tribe)—gives way to rolling floodplain, steep valley walls and ravines, and lush upland forests. Cuyahoga Valley National Park is a refuge for flora and fauna, and provides both recreation and solitude for Northeast Ohio's residents and visitors.

History

The park has a rich cultural legacy as well. Exhibiting a historical view of the heart of the industrial revolution, visitor centers provide background on the remains of the Ohio & Erie Canal, which traveled through the valley connecting the St. Lawrence Seaway and the East Coast to the Gulf of Mexico (via the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers) in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

Sustainable farming ventures help preserve the valley's agricultural heritage. The park offers an array of displays of 19th and early 20th Century sustainable farming while catering to contemporary interests with art exhibits, outdoor concerts and scenic railroad tours. It includes compatible use sites not owned by the federal government, including several Metroparks in Cuyahoga and Summit Counties, Blossom Music Center, and the Hale Farm & Village. In the mid 1980s, the park hosted the National Folk Festival.

Brandywine Falls
Brandywine Falls

The park encompasses 51 mi² (134 km² and 33,000 acres) along the banks of the Cuyahoga River, spanning from the major metropolitan areas of Cleveland and Akron and into the hills of the Allegheney Mountain range. The diverse landscape, including sandstone ledges, 70 waterfalls (most notably Brandywine Falls), rolling hills and river gorges, can be viewed from 186 miles of trails.

Flora and fauna

More than 3,000 species of plants are known to occur in Ohio. Among many other flora, the park boasts maple, oak, birch, beech and hemlock trees. In the autumn, the vibrant colors of the changing leaves are breathtaking, even when viewed from interstate highways. Native wildflowers are abundant and provide a colorful milieu, especially in the spring. Look for Ohio spiderwort, wild hyacinth, trillium, showy orchid, pink lady’s-slipper, purple wood-sorrel, violets, wild blue phlox and Indian paintbrush among more than 250 species that grow in Ohio. The park is also home to a variety of wildlife, such as beaver, deer and dozens of bird species including wood duck and heron.

Climate

Enjoy the park any time of year. When the spring blossoms appear, Northeast Ohio temperatures typically range from 40 to 60 degrees fahrenheit. The warmer summers tend to be sunny and somewhat humid with temperatures in the 70s and 80s fahrenheit (occasionally into the 90s). Northeast Ohio autumns provide breathtaking landscapes of the changing color of leaves and temperatures from the 40s to the 60s. During the winter months, downhill ski the slopes or cross-country ski the trails, but dress for temperatures below 30 degrees fahrenheit with windchill factors occasionally driving the experience below 0 fahrenheit. Average precipitation is fairly steady year round from 2.5 to 3.5 inches per month.

  • Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, CLE. Cleveland's main airport is located on the west side of the city. The airport is served by most of the major domestic airlines, and it is a hub for Continental Airlines as well.
  • Akron-Canton Regional Airport, CAK. Visitors could also use this airport which is a 45-minute drive from Cleveland.

By car

Highways providing access to the Park include I-77, I-271, I-80 (Ohio Turnpike), and State Route 8. Park signs are visible from each of these freeways as you get close to the valley.

Fees/Permits

Entry into the park is free, but scheduled events, concerts and other activities may be subject to a fee.

CanalWay signage marks a path from downtown Cleveland to rural Historic Zoar
CanalWay signage marks a path from downtown Cleveland to rural Historic Zoar

Drive the scenic CanalWay, which is clearly marked by signage throughout.

By foot

Walk, bike or run the Ohio & Erie Canal Towpath, the soft, fine gravel path provided the course for mules to pull the boats along the canal. Hike the trails.

Railroad Station at Boston Mills
Railroad Station at Boston Mills

Ride the Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad [2], stations are in Independence, Peninsula and Akron. Additional intermediate stations are located in Brecksville, Boston Mill, Indigo Lake and Botzum.

  • CanalWay Center, 4269 East 49 Street, Cuyahoga Heights. 5.5-mile stretch of land that encompasses 320 acres from the backyards of six major industries.
  • Mill Creek Falls, Newburgh Heights. 45-foot waterfall spawned early lumber and grain mills, vibrant during the Canal Era.
  • Thornburg Station, 8111 Rockside Road, Valley View. Set between the Cuyahoga River and the Ohio & Erie Canal, Thornburg Station is a mixed-use complex with fine and casual dining, retail and offices.
  • Canal Visitor Center, Canal Road, Valley View. operating lock demonstrations
  • Frazee House, Valley View Road. The 1826 Frazee House depicts early settlement in the Western Reserve.
  • Village of Peninsula. Located in the heart of the Cuyahoga Valley, this historic canal village and artists community contains several galleries, shops, restaurants, a bike shop with rentals, and outstanding examples of 19th century architecture. A featured attraction is the 1886 Stick Style Boston Township Hall. Originally the community’s High School, today this historic landmark houses the Cuyahoga Valley Museum, which is operated by the Peninsula Library & Historical Society. Open weekends 12PM-5PM. The hall is also available for rentals.
  • Boston Store. Museum devoted to the history of canal boat building.
Boston Store
Boston Store
  • Hale Farm and Village. 2686 Oak Hill Road, Bath, 800/589-9703 or 330/666-3711. Western Reserve township, a la 1848, with artisans providing demonstrations of glass blowing, candle making, pottery and blacksmiths.
  • Lock 29
  • Deep Lock Quarry
  • Hunt Farm Visitor Center. Exhibits about Cuyahoga Valley’s agricultural past.
  • Blossom Music Center, 1145 W. Steels Corners Road, Cuyahoga Falls. Summer home of the Cleveland Orchestra, rock concerts, all other kinds of music located on 800 acres, with reserved pavilion seating of 5,000 and a lawn seating capacity of 13,500 (bring a picnic basket and blanket).
  • Stan Hywet Hall and Gardens, 714 Portage Path, Akron. English Tudor Revival Mansion, 65 rooms and 70 acres, built by by Goodyear co-founder Frank Seiberling between 1911 and 1915. Warren Manning landscaped grounds, featuring the Birch alley and Japanese gardens, are nationally renowned. Grounds open to visitors 9AM--6PM; House tours 10AM-4:30PM.
  • Perkins Mansion Museum & John Brown House, 550 Copley Road, Akron. Greek Revival Mansion Museum, built in 1837, was home of the famous abolitionist John Brown includes displays that trace Brown’s life utilizing photographs, firearms from the period and a reconstruction of a canal boat captain’s quarters.
  • Mustill Store
  • Village of Canal Fulton. Quaint village known for antiques shops and Amish crafts.
  • Lock 4 Park
  • Bridgeport Quarry Trailhead
  • Downtown Massillon
  • Fort Laurens State Memorial, Bolivar.
  • Historic Zoar Village
  • New Philadelphia/Dover Area Birthplace of Cy Young, namesake of Major League Baseball pitching award.
Canal Visitor Center
Canal Visitor Center

Park trails offer a variety of activities, from rugged backcountry hiking trails to the Ohio & Erie Canal Towpath Trail, a graded biking and hiking trail with the crushed limestone along portions of the 20 mile (30 km) trail, a former stretch of the 308 mile (496 km) canal.

  • Blossom Music Center, 1145 W. Steels Corners Road, Cuyahoga Falls, [3]. Serving as the summer home of the world-renowned Cleveland Orchestra, Blossom also provides a full schedule of rock concerts and other events. The outdoor amphitheater sits on 800 acres and has pavilion capacity of 5,000 seats and lawn seating for 13,500.
  • Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad, [4]. Vintage engines and coaches built in the 1940s and 1950s. Northern terminal near Thornburg Station at 8111 Rockside Road, Valley View. Stops at Village of Peninsula, Hale Farm & Village, Inventure Place (National Inventors Hall of Fame), Stan Hywett Hall & Gardens, Akron Zoo, Canal Visitor Center.
  • Cuyahoga Riverboat Tours, Front Street, [5]. at the North Pier in Cuyahoga Falls. The Cuyahoga Cruisser departs in Cuyahoga Falls for a one-hour tour along the river and through the history of the Cuyahoga Valley. City of Cuyahoga Falls-Parks & Recreation, 2310 Second St., +1 330 971-8372.
  • Cuyahoga Valley Towpath, [6]. The Cuyahoga Valley National Park is located 8 miles south of Downtown Cleveland and stretches for miles down to Akron. The Towpath extends from Lake Erie in Downtown Cleveland through the southern suburbs past Akron, Canton, New Philadelphia and into rural Historic Zoar.
  • Hale Farm and Village, 2686 Oak Hill Road, Bath, phone: +1 330 666-3711, [7]. A village where the Connecticut Western Reserve of the 1800s is brought to life. General admission is $12.00 for adults, $10.00 for seniors, $7.00 for children 3 - 12 years of age.
  • Ski at Brandywine Ski Slopes[8] and Boston Mills Ski Slopes, 7100 Riverview Road, Peninsula, [9]. Ski in the winter and enjoy the Annual Boston Mills Art Festival in the summer.
  • Brandywine Falls Carriage and Sleigh Rides, +1 330 467-9000, [10].
  • Cuyahoga Valley Tours, 879 Moe Akron, Ohio 44310, (330)633-7775, [11]. We have many different tours which we can customize to your needs. Discovering the Cuyahoga Valley can be a fun and exciting adventure. There are many places for you to explore from Cleveland, Akron, Canton, Cuyahoga Falls, and the Cuyahoga Valley National Park. With Bob Macak making all your travel arrangements you won't have to worry about getting lost. If you're looking for a bicycle tour or hiking tour in the Cuyahoga Valley National Park or Northeast Ohio, you found the right place. Please feel free to contact us to get your tour started. http://www.cuyahogavalleytours.com  edit
  • Quaker Square, 135 South Broadway, Akron, Ph: (330) 253-5970, Fax: (330) 253-2574, [12]. Renovated Quaker Oats factory now houses restaurants and boutiques.
  • Canal Visitor Center, Canal Road, Valley View. Souvenir and Gift Shop.
  • Malley's Chocolates, at Thornburg Station, 8111 Rockside Road, Valley View, Ohio.
  • Antique shopping in Canal Fulton.

Eat

There are numerous picnic sites throughout the park, but the park itself contains no restaurants or cafeterias. Nearby cities and towns offer numerous dining options.

Drink

Drinking water is available throughout the park. Nearby towns and cities offer numerous coffee houses, breweries, and other drinking options.

Sleep

There are some campsites and inns throughout the park.

Lodging

The Inn at Brandywine Falls (see the Sagamore Hills article) is located within the park boundaries. Additional lodging options can be found in nearby towns and cities.

Camping

The National Park Service offers one primitive campground (no drive-in access):

  • Stanford House Primitive Campsites, 6093 Stanford Road (in Peninsula). Five primitive campsites are available for distance hikers and bicyclists using the Towpath Trail. Drive-up use is not permitted. There is a maximum of two tents and six people per site. Water and chemical toilets are available. Camping is by reservation only. Reservations must be made at least three days in advance by contacting the Cuyahoga Valley National Park Association Reservation Coordinator's Office at (330) 657-2909, ext. 119, Monday to Friday, 9 a.m. - 4 p.m. Walk-up campers can reserve unoccupied sites by visiting the Trail Mix store between 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. on weekends only. $15.00/day.  edit

There are also several State Park campgrounds are nearby:

  • Findlay Lake State Park, 25381 State Route 58, Wellington, Ohio 44090, (440) 647-4490, camping and cottages
  • Portage Lakes State Park, 5031 Manchester Road, Akron, Ohio 44319, (330) 644-2220, camping only
  • Punderson State Park, P.O. Box 178, Newbury, Ohio 44065, (440) 564-2279, camping, cottages and lodge
  • West Branch State Park, 5708 Esworthy Road, Ravenna, Ohio 44266, (330) 296-3239, camping only

Backcountry

The backcountry in this unusual National Park takes you into the surrounding cities and towns.

Stay safe

Do not drink water from the streams and ponds. The Cuyahoga River has navigational hazards and highly variable water quality. Swimming, wading, canoeing and kayaking are not advised.

Follow the Canalway north from the Park to Cleveland
Follow the Canalway north from the Park to Cleveland

The park is surrounded by one of the most culturally endowed regions in the US, including the cities of Cleveland, Akron and Canton. Visit New England style towns of the Connecticut Western Reserve, such as Hudson and Medina. Amish communities are of substantial size in nearby Holmes (south and west of the park) and Geauga (north and east of the park) Counties. Head northwest to the Lake Erie Islands, North Coast Beaches and Ohio Wine Country or south to the Wayne National Forest.

Routes through Cuyahoga Valley National Park
Cleveland  N Image:I-77.png S  Akron
Toledo  W noframe E  Youngstown
This is a usable article. It has information about the park, for getting in, about a few attractions, and about accommodations in the park. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

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