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Cynthia Hesdra was born on March 6, 1808 in Tappan, New York to John and Jane Moore. Although Cynthia Hesdra spent a portion of her life as a slave, at the time of her death in 1879, she was quite wealthy. She operated businesses in Nyack, New York and in the city of New York. She also owned several properties in Nyack, New York City, and Bergen County, New Jersey. Her heirs, including her husband Edward, fought over the ex-slave's fortune, in a series of precedent setting court cases.

Cynthia Hesdra's father was well known in Rockland County. He too was one of the wealthiest men of his town. He owned and operated several businesses, including a mill in Sparkill, New York. The mill wheels he designed were said to have produced blankets for soldiers fighting in the Civil War and used widely throughout Rockland County.

Very little is known about Cynthia Hesdra's mother, Jane. She may have been a slave which might explain how Cynthia Hesdra became enslaved. Cynthia eventually met and married a man by the name of Edward D. Hesdra. Edward Hesdra, a Hebrew mulatto, was the son of a white Virginia planter and a free black woman from Haiti. After their marriage, the couple purchased Cynthia's freedom. The two settled on Amity Street in New York City.

Cynthia operated a successful laundry business in New York City and she owned several properties there too. Eventually, she took her trade to Nyack, New York where she also accumulated property and operated her businesses. Among the many properties owned by Cynthia and Edward Hesdra, was a house that was part of the historic underground railroad in Nyack. A historical marker at Main Street and Route 9W now stands on the place where the historic house once stood.

On February 9, 1879, Cynthia Hesdra died. The New York Times and other sources reported that she was worth more than $100,000 or more than $3 million in contemporary dollars. At first, there was no indication that Cynthia had a will. Her husband eventually produced a will that he alleged left everything to him. Cynthia Hesdra's relatives argued that the will was fradulent and that the signatures had been forged. The battle over Cynthia Hesdra's fortune went to court. The dispute over her estate included the first application of a new law in New York State that allowed for comparisons between known and disputed signatures.

Many people testified during the trials, including several expert witnesses. Ultimately, the courts decided that Cynthia's will was legitimate and awarded the estate to her husband. Ironically, when Edward Hesdra died, there was a dispute concerning his will. Much of Cynthia Hesdra's fortune was lost in all of the litigation and much of what was left went to several charities and to the state.


  • Martin, Lori Latrice. 2008.
  • The Ex-Slave's Fortune: The Story of Cynthia Hesdra.
  • Snodgrass, Mary Ellen. 2007. The Underground Railroad: An Encyclopedia of People, Places and Operations. M.E. Sharpe.
  • "Mrs. Hesdra's Will Properly Made." March 8, 1884. New York Times.
  • "For An Ex-Slave's Fortune." June 8, 1890. New York Times.


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