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Republic of Cyprus
Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία (Greek)
Kypriakí Dimokratía
Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti (Turkish)
Flag Coat of arms
AnthemὝμνος εἰς τὴν Ἐλευθερίαν
Ýmnos eis tīn Eleutherían
Hymn to Liberty1
Location of  Cyprus  (green)

– on the European continent  (light green & grey)
– in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]

Capital
(and largest city)
Nicosia (Λευκωσία, Lefkoşa)
35°08′N 33°28′E / 35.133°N 33.467°E / 35.133; 33.467
Official language(s) Greek and Turkish[1]
Ethnic groups  77% .Greek, 18% Turkish, 5% other (2001 est.^ Turkish documents don't mention how many Muslims living in a given village had been Armenian, Greek or of other nationality before.
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)[2]
Demonym Cypriot
Government Presidential republic
 -  President Dimitris Christofias
Independence from the United Kingdom 
 -  Zürich and London Agreement 19 February 1959 
 -  Proclaimed 16 August 1960 
EU accession 1 May 2004
Area
 -  Total 9,251 km2 (167th)
3,572 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  1.1.2010 estimate 801,851[3] 
 -  Density 117/km2 (85th)
221/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $22.721 billion[4] (107th)
 -  Per capita $29,853[4] (29th)
GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $24.922 billion[4] (86th)
 -  Per capita $32,745[4] (26th)
Gini (2005) 29 (low) (19th)
HDI (2007) 0.914[5] (very high) (32nd)
Currency Euro2 (EUR)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on the Left
Internet TLD .cy3
Calling code 357
1 Also the national anthem of Greece.
2 Before 2008, the Cypriot pound.
3 .The .eu domain is also used, shared with other European Union member states.^ The conference will result in establishment of the Center of Armenian Memory for creation of a network of similar centers throughout France and other European states.
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^ Last week the European Union approved a framework decision aimed at criminalizing denial of the Holocaust and other genocides following six years of intense debate.
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^ NATO and the European Union, for example, use a single representative in dealing with all three countries as a whole.
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.Cyprus (Greek: Κύπρος, Kýpros, IPA: [ˈcipros]; Turkish: Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Greek: Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία, Kypriakī́ Dīmokratía, IPA: [cipriaˈci ðimokraˈtia]; Turkish: Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is a Eurasian island country in the Eastern Mediterranean,[6][7] south of Turkey and west of Syria and Lebanon.^ Eligible countries are Albania, Algeria, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Lybia, Malta, Morocco, Syria, Portugal, Palestine, Tunisia, Turkey.
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^ In the 1980s the parade was a platform where Turkish Americans tried to draw the attention of American public to some of Turkey's international conflicts such as those with Armenia and Greek Cyprus.
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^ Citing the Turkish version of the 1915 events, Sensoy said that during the Russian-Turkish battles of World War I, a large number of Armenians supported the enemy, "and we had to relocate the Armenians in eastern Turkey to Syria and Lebanon."
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.It is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of its most popular tourist destinations.^ One of the most popular products grown in the ancient garden were different kinds of nuts, according to the biologist leading the team, Annamaria Ciarallo.
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^ Pergamon is one of the five museums on the Berlin Museum Island (Museumsinsel), visited by almost all tourists in Berlin.
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^ The most important Phoenician colony in the Western Mediterranean was at Carthage, in modern Tunisia, but they also established points along the Spanish coast and on the island of Sicily.
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[8] An advanced,[9] high-income economy with a very high Human Development Index,[10][11] the Republic of Cyprus was a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement until it joined the European Union on 1 May 2004.[12][13]
.The earliest known human activity on the island dates back to around the 10th millennium BC.^ Archaeologists K.P. Shajan and V. Selvakumar along with Cherian have been involved in the excavations at Pattanam, where evidence of human habitation dating back to the Iron Age has been found.
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^ Price said Pytheas was known to have visited Britain in around 325 BC and in his chronicles he wrote of the Lost City of Apollo and a site similar to Stonehenge.
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^ The original Samos Kouros dates back to 570BC and was discovered in 1980 on the Greek island of Samos.
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.Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Choirokoitia, which has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, along with the Tombs of the Kings.^ The 1,255-square-yard complex includes a tannery dating to the second or third century, as well as burial sites and part of a Roman road.
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^ The Best in Heritage is about the excellence, the best professional information and relaxed socialising in the unique environment of Dubrovnik - itself a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
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^ Using state-of-the-art computer technology and the latest in archaeological exploration, we walk viewers through ancient sites along with the citizens of the time.
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.Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world,[14] and is the site of the earliest known example of feline domestication.^ But to dig stations and tunnels in the heart of one of the world's oldest sites of continuous habitation, engineers had to accommodate the largest archaeological excavations conducted to date in Athens.
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[15][16] .At a strategic location in the Middle East,[17][18][19][20] Cyprus has been occupied by several major powers, including the empires of the Hittites, Assyrians, Egyptians, Macedonians, Ptolemies, Persians, Byzantines, Rashiduns, Umayyads, Lusignans, Venetians and Ottomans.^ HISTC| Engineering an Empire: The Persians The Persian Empire is one of the most mysterious major civilizations in the ancient world.
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.It was placed under British administration in 1878 until it was granted independence in 1960,[21] becoming a member of the Commonwealth the following year.^ What we today call genocide did really take place in the eastern part of the Ottoman Empire year in 1915 and even the years that followed.
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^ But Hearst's statues languished for decades under the bleachers of Edwards Stadium, prompting angry letters from faculty members to administrators as early as the 1930s.
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In 1974, following 11 years of intercommunal violence[22] and an attempted coup d'état by Greek Cypriot nationalists,[23][24] Turkey invaded and occupied the northern portion of the island. .The intercommunal violence and subsequent Turkish invasion led to the displacement of hundreds of thousands of Cypriots and the establishment of a separate Turkish Cypriot political entity in the north.^ By comparison, the Greek Cypriots' objection, as a matter of political reflex, to fight against its establishment is beyond reason or international practice.
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^ For more than three decades the Greek Cypriot leadership, with their economic blockade against the Turkish Cypriots have been trying to strangle the North Cyprus state economically.
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These events and the resulting political situation are matters of ongoing dispute.
The Republic of Cyprus has de jure sovereignty over the entire island of Cyprus and its surrounding waters except small portions that are allocated by treaty to the United Kingdom as sovereign military bases. .The Republic of Cyprus is de facto partitioned into two main parts, the area under the effective control of the Republic of Cyprus, comprising about 59% of the island's area and the Turkish-occupied area in the north,[25] calling itself the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, covering about 37% of the island's area and recognized only by Turkey.^ When the Turkish Republic came into being, there was a desire to silence and to erase.
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^ Trying to stop development of economic and trade relations between Kuwait and the Turkish Republic in the North is the latest example of their ill-conceived positions and uncompromising policies.
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^ But there is no comparison to the Turkey of my childhood, when certain topics were only discussed in a whisper and most things were swept under the rug.
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Contents

Toponymy

The name Cyprus has a somewhat uncertain toponymy. .One suggestion is that it comes from the Greek word for the Mediterranean cypress tree (Cupressus sempervirens), κυπάρισσος (kypárissos), or even from the Greek name of the henna plant (Lawsonia alba), κύπρος (kýpros).^ Archaeologists from Denmark, the US, Italy, and Slovakia have also worked on the now-deserted island, whose name is believed to be descended from 'fylakio,' the Greek word for outpost.
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^ The white ribbons tied to a tree which is used in Hayko's performance is a symbol of hope or a wish for something one really wants to come true.
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Another school suggests that it stems from the Eteocypriot word for copper. Georges Dossin, for example, suggests that it has roots in the Sumerian word for copper (zubar) or for bronze (kubar), from the large deposits of copper ore found on the island.
.Through overseas trade the island has given its name to the Classical Latin word for copper through the phrase aes Cyprium, "metal of Cyprus", later shortened to Cuprum.^ Archaeologists from Denmark, the US, Italy, and Slovakia have also worked on the now-deserted island, whose name is believed to be descended from 'fylakio,' the Greek word for outpost.
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^ The evidence for the pronunciation of the individual words in classical Latin is, in fact, impressive and wide-ranging.
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[26] .Cyprus is also known as the Island of Aphrodite, or Love[27] since according to Phoenician mythology, Astarte, goddess of love and beauty, who was later identified with the Greek goddess Aphrodite, was born on the shores of Paphos.^ It is supposed to depict Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love and beauty.
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^ The original Venus, originally known as the Aphrodite of Milos, is one of the most famous works of ancient Greek sculpture.
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^ Exhibit organizers say that although the Greek god of love is one of the best-known divinities, his mythological narrative is less detailed than that of the other gods.
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.The standard demonym relating to Cyprus or its people or culture is Cypriot.^ We welcome all papers regarding archaeological, anthropological, historical, sociological or other aspects of material culture of Cyprus and related subjects.
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The terms Cypriote and Cyprian are also, less frequently, used.

History

Ancient times

Temple to Apollon Ilatis outside the city of Limassol
Kourion Theatre outside the city of Limassol
.The earliest confirmed site of human activity on Cyprus is Aetokremnos, situated on the south coast, indicating that hunter-gatherers were active on the island from around 10,000 BC,[28] with settled village communities dating from 8200 BC. The arrival of the first humans correlates with the extinction of the dwarf hippos and dwarf elephants.^ The Roman vessel - which sank en route from Italy with around 1,000 vases of wine on board - was first discovered by divers in 1984.
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^ More than 1,000 communications experts from around the world are busy in Baumholder, where they’re engaged in a two-week program with a simple objective.
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^ Many anchors from the second and first millennium BC have been discovered in the town's bay, a proof of active shipping since ancient times.
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[29] .Water wells discovered by archaeologists in western Cyprus are believed to be among the oldest in the world, dated at 9,000 to 10,500 years old.^ We also have the oldest and, perhaps, the only Armenian university program student newspaper, Hye Sharzhoom (Armenian Action), anywhere in the world, now in its 28th consecutive year, I believe.
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^ Archaeologists believe the remains date back to the second or third century and have also discovered several near-complete pots.
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^ World famous 83-year-old opera singer Gohar Gasparyan died in Yerevan .
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[14]
.Remains of an 8-month-old cat were discovered buried with its human owner at a separate Neolithic site in Cyprus.^ Sometime in the 11th century, when burial sites throughout Cyprus begin to be strictly separated from habitation sites, Marchello ceased to be a burial ground and it was gradually incorporated into the Iron Age urban fabric of Palaepaphos.
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[15] .The grave is estimated to be 9,500 years old, predating ancient Egyptian civilization and pushing back the earliest known feline-human association significantly.^ Centuries before Julius Caesar conquered much of the known world, the Ancient Greeks were laying a foundation that has supported nearly 3000 years of European history.
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^ From Discovery.com : Either the ancient Greeks loved grape juice, or they were making wine nearly 6,500 years ago, according to a new study that describes what could be the world’s earliest evidence of crushed grapes.
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^ The 20-year-old managed to hold three of them for the police and get his money back, despite being hit on the head with a bottle.
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[16] The remarkably well-preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia is a UNESCO World Heritage Site dating to approximately 6800 BC.[30]
.The island was part of the Hittite empire during the late Bronze Age until the arrival of two waves of Greek settlement.^ Join us on a virtual tour of Gordiyon (also known as Gordium), the domain of King Midas, Hattusa, the famous Hittite capital with its spectacular royal citadel, and the later cities ruled by the Greeks during the days of the Byzantine Empire.
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^ Participants will excavate a structure built during the late Iron Age period, around the third century B.C., and then reused during the Roman occupation of the island.
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^ A specialist in the Aegean Bronze Age, Niemeier has excavated extensively in Crete, as well as on the Greek mainland, in southern Italy, Israel and Turkey.
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[31] .The first wave consisted of Mycenaean Greek traders, which started visiting Cyprus around 1400 BC.^ Price said Pytheas was known to have visited Britain in around 325 BC and in his chronicles he wrote of the Lost City of Apollo and a site similar to Stonehenge.
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.A major wave of Greek settlement is believed to have taken place following the Bronze Age collapse of Mycenaean Greece in the period 1100–1050 BC, with the island's predominantly Greek character dating from this period.^ The first settlement on the site dates back to the Bronze Age.
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^ A specialist in the Aegean Bronze Age, Niemeier has excavated extensively in Crete, as well as on the Greek mainland, in southern Italy, Israel and Turkey.
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^ Remains of an ancient Roman villa and an entire Roman spear were found at the same location, as well as seven graves, believed to date from the Bronze or Iron Age.
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[32][33] .Cyprus occupies an important role in Greek mythology being the birthplace of Aphrodite and Adonis, and home to King Cinyras, Teucer and Pygmalion.^ One belief from Greek Mythology is that should the ship be wrecked during passage, the coins would ensure payment of the crew’s wages for their return home.
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^ Christophias praised the important role the 80-year-old school played in Cyprus society and culture.
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[34] .Beginning in the 8th century BC Phoenician colonies were founded on the south coast of Cyprus, near present day Larnaca and Salamis.^ The Phoenicians were a maritime trading people of the first millennium BC, who formed a massive commercial empire across the Mediterranean from their bases along the coast of modern-day Lebanon, Syria and Israel.
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^ The first Illyrian cities built in this style found in Croatia date from the 12th century BC. " "On Albanian territory the oldest ruins discovered date from the 6th century BC," he adds.
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^ ME Times : Greek archaeologists plan to excavate an ancient colony founded by Alexander the Great in the Gulf of Kuwait in the fourth century BC, officials said Wednesday.
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[32]
Cyprus was ruled by Assyria for a century starting in 708 BC, before a brief spell under Egyptian rule and eventually Persian rule in 545 BC.[32] .The Cypriots, led by Onesilos, king of Salamis, joined their fellow Greeks in the Ionian cities during the unsuccessful Ionian Revolt in 499 BC against the Achaemenid Empire.^ Join us on a virtual tour of Gordiyon (also known as Gordium), the domain of King Midas, Hattusa, the famous Hittite capital with its spectacular royal citadel, and the later cities ruled by the Greeks during the days of the Byzantine Empire.
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^ Her mother was born in the Smyrna region, too, and in 1922, she, her mother and grandmother were literally fished out of the bay by a Greek ship during the destruction of the city, while her father was killed.
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^ It was tiny — only about 30 Greek cities out of 700 or so who might have joined in the resistance; 2.
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The revolt was suppressed without bloodshed, although Cyprus managed to maintain a high degree of autonomy and remained oriented towards the Greek world.[32] .The island was brought under permanent Greek rule by Alexander the Great and the Ptolemies of Egypt following his death.^ ME Times : Greek archaeologists plan to excavate an ancient colony founded by Alexander the Great in the Gulf of Kuwait in the fourth century BC, officials said Wednesday.
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^ However, there was no agreement on what is regarded as the most important work, a third century BC Greek bronze attributed to Lysippos, sculptor to Alexander the Great.
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^ "The site on Failaka Island is of particular importance to [Greece] as it was founded by Macedonians and other Greeks on Alexander the Great's expeditionary force," said culture ministry general secretary Christos Zahopoulos.
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.Full Hellenization took place during the Ptolemaic period, which ended when Cyprus was annexed by the Roman Republic in 58 BC.^ Most of the construction in Sussita took place during the Roman period, when Beit She'an, Caesarea and other ancient cities also flourished.
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^ Participants will excavate a structure built during the late Iron Age period, around the third century B.C., and then reused during the Roman occupation of the island.
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^ At the end of the meeting, a final debate will be held and a showing of the works developed during the meeting will take place.
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Middle Ages

Catherine Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus.
.When the Roman Empire was divided into Eastern and Western parts in 395, Cyprus became part of the East Roman, or Byzantine Empire, and would remain part of it until the crusades some 800 years later.^ By this time, huge chunks of the Roman Empire operated under the autonomous control of various barbarian kings and no unity remained.
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^ The herbalist's store and the garden, which is divided into different sections signposted in Italian and English, will remain open to the general public until the middle of April.
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^ This simple fact produced outrage when I published my twenty-part QED: Learn Latin series in the Daily Telegraph some ten years ago.
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.Under Byzantine rule, the Greek orientation that had been prominent since antiquity developed the strong Hellenistic-Christian character that continues to be a hallmark of the Greek Cypriot community.^ The goal of the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae, launched in 1972 with Brunner as its founding director, was to collect all of the Greek texts that have survived since antiquity and digitize them.
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^ Under Greek law, all antiquities found in the country are state property.
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^ Christianity does not borrow from the many religions of the time, the religions of the myth, but presents us with God-truth reconnecting directly with Greek thought and developing the experience of Israel.
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[32] .Beginning in 649, Cyprus suffered from devastating raids launched from the Levant, which continued from the next 300 years.^ As we begin our 10th year of service in the Archdiocese of Chicago dedicated to the Restoration of the Sacred, we will continually be working to enhance and expand SanctaMissa.org.
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^ They will return in July next year to continue the excavations of this important site.
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[32] Many were quick piratical raids, but others were large-scale attacks in which many Cypriots were slaughtered and great wealth carried off or destroyed.[32]
.No Byzantine churches survive from this period, thousands were killed, and many cities, such as Salamis, were destroyed and never rebuilt.^ "The presence of so many crosses in the floors of the church that was exposed here thus confirms the church dates to the period prior to the ban," he said.
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^ These finds show that in this period the settlement of Hammat was included within the domain of the city of Tiberias, which had grown and expanded beyond the Byzantine city walls that had previously separated it from Hammat.
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^ "After all, no Jews took up arms against the Germans and killed thousands of them."
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[32] .Byzantine rule was restored in 965, when General Nikephoros Phokas (later Emperor) scored decisive victories on land and sea.^ Later, the country was ruled by the Romans, Persians, Byzantines and Turks, all of whom left a rich array of treasure behind.
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[32] .In 1191, during the Third Crusade, Richard I of England captured the island from Isaac Komnenos of Cyprus[35] He used it as a major supply base that was relatively safe from the Saracens.^ Now these wall mosaics have proven that Hasankeyf was not only used as a military base during Roman times; these mosaics show that artworks had also been created at the time,” Uluçam noted.
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^ Participants will excavate a structure built during the late Iron Age period, around the third century B.C., and then reused during the Roman occupation of the island.
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A year later Richard sold the island to the Knights Templar, who, following a bloody revolt, in turn sold it to Guy of Lusignan. His brother and successor Amalric was recognized as King of Cyprus by Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor.[32]
Following the death in 1473 of James II, the last Lusignan king, the Republic of Venice assumed control of the island, while his Venetian widow, Queen Caterina Cornaro reigned as figurehead. Venice formally annexed Cyprus in 1489, following the abdication of Caterina.[32] Using it as an important commercial hub, the Venetians fortified Nicosia, the current capital city in Cyprus, with its famous Venetian Walls. .Throughout Venetian rule, the Ottoman Empire frequently raided Cyprus.^ Under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, it was difficult to access.
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In 1539 the Ottomans destroyed Limassol and so fearing the worst, the Venetians also fortified Famagusta and Kyrenia.[32]
.During the almost four centuries of Latin rule, there existed two societies on Cyprus.^ There were four competitions in Latin at the convention: academic tests, creative and artistic awards, club awards and Certamen (Latin academic team) awards.
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^ In Naperville there are 350 Latin students between the two public high schools.
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The first consisted of Frankish nobles and their retinue, as well as Italian merchants and their families. The second, the majority of the population, consisted of Greek Cypriots serfs and laborers. Although a determined effort was made to supplant native traditions and culture, the effort failed.[32]

Ottoman Empire

Historic map of Cyprus by Ottoman Empire's Kaptan Pasha, Piri Reis
In 1570, a full scale Ottoman assault with 60,000 troops brought the island under Ottoman control, despite stiff resistance by the inhabitants of Nicosia and Famagusta. .20,000 Nicosians were put to death, and every church, public building, and palace was looted.^ The church's remains were discovered adjacent to ancient public buildings among them a basilica, bathhouse, streets and shops that were exposed at the site in the past.
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[36] .The previous Latin elite was destroyed and the first significant demographic change since antiquity took place when Ottoman Janissaries were settled on the island.^ They both confirmed that genocide, in a general sense, had taken place in the then Ottoman empire during the First World War.
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^ First, it will investigate the significant transformations taking place in the sphere of cultural consumption and production in the context of globalization.
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^ The ancient Greek grapes might change wine history, as experts previously theorized grape wine-making could have first spread throughout the Middle East.
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[23]
.The Ottomans abolished the feudal system previously in place and applied the millet system to Cyprus, under which non-Muslim peoples were governed by their own religious authorities.^ Would he really be content if a good, tax paying, religious but non-Muslim citizen of Turkey were elected president?
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^ Has Turkey not been permanently criticized by both of the European Union and the United States for limiting religious freedoms of non-Muslims during the AKP's governance since 2002?
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^ Under EU's guidance, the leaders of AK did more to limit the military's role in the political system than any other elected government in the country's history.
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.In a reversal from the days of Latin rule, the head of the Church of Cyprus was invested as leader of the Greek Cypriot population and acted a mediator between Christian Greek Cypriots and the Ottoman authorities.^ For more than three decades the Greek Cypriot leadership, with their economic blockade against the Turkish Cypriots have been trying to strangle the North Cyprus state economically.
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[36] .Ottoman rule of Cyprus was at times indifferent, at times oppressive, depending on the temperaments of the sultans and local officials, and during this period the island fell into economic decline.^ Johannes Lepsius, a German missionary in Anatolia, was given a task by the authorities in Berlin during the same period of time.
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^ Sussita continued to flourish into the Byzantine period, during which most of the city residents became Christians.
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[36]
.Reaction to Ottoman misrule led to uprisings by both Greek and Turkish Cypriots, although none were successful.^ For more than three decades the Greek Cypriot leadership, with their economic blockade against the Turkish Cypriots have been trying to strangle the North Cyprus state economically.
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^ By doing this, the Greek Cypriot leadership reminded themselves, as much as the Kuwaitis, that "this decision cannot mean granting legitimacy to the Turkish Cypriots."
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.By 1872, the population of the island had risen to 144,000 comprising 44,000 Muslims and 100,000 Christians.^ The silent procession of around 100,000 people on 23 January is evidence that a significant part of the Turkish population is committed to the defence of freedoms.
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[37] .Centuries of neglect by the Turks, the unrelenting poverty of most of the people, and the ever-present tax collectors fueled Greek nationalism, and by 19th century the idea of enosis, or union, with newly independent Greece was firmly rooted among Greek Cypriots.^ The European Union's decision to break this economic blockade has already been obstructed by the Greek Cypriot leadership in the south.
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^ The book was the first accurate record of the architecture of Ancient Greece and was a principal source book for his profession well into the 19th century.
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^ Seldom mentioned is that most of the objects had themselves been looted centuries earlier by the ancient Romans, who stole them from the even more ancient Greeks.
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[36]

Modern History

.In the aftermath of the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), administration, but not sovereignty, of the island was ceded to the British Empire in 1878 in exchange for guarantees that Britain would use the island as a base to protect the Ottoman Empire against possible Russian aggression.^ Alp also noted that the city had a great importance, as it was used as a military route before the Ottoman Empire and a route for pilgrimage afterwards.
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^ At the root of the split is a wound that has been festering since 1915, when Muslim Turkey and its Ottoman Empire were fighting Russia, France and Britain during World War I. Charging that the Christian Armenian minority in eastern Turkey was collaborating with the invading Russians, Turkey deported, starved and brutalized much of its Armenian population.
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^ The Turkish government insists that Turks, Armenians and Kurds were all victims of killings and of the chaos that enveloped the region as the Ottoman Empire collapsed.
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[32] The island would serve Britain as a key military base in its colonial routes. .By 1906, when the Famagusta harbour was completed, Cyprus was a strategic naval outpost overlooking the Suez Canal, the crucial main route to India which was then Britain's most important colony.^ The most important Phoenician colony in the Western Mediterranean was at Carthage, in modern Tunisia, but they also established points along the Spanish coast and on the island of Sicily.
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Following the outbreak of World War I and the entry of the Ottoman Empire on the side of the Central powers, the United Kingdom annexed the island in 1914.[32]
In 1915, Britain offered Cyprus to Constantine I of Greece on condition that Greece join the war on the side of the British, which he declined. .In 1923, under the Treaty of Lausanne, the nascent Turkish republic relinquished any claim to Cyprus and in 1925 it was declared a British Crown Colony.^ Furthermore, provision 16 of the agreement reads, “Turkey renounces its claims to territories which are not marked by the Lausanne peaceful agreement as Turkish.” Actually, the Lausanne agreement had restored the Sevr (Sevres) treaty,” the Armenian diplomat said.
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[32] .Many Greek Cypriots fought in the British Army during both World Wars, in the hope that Cyprus would eventually be united with Greece.^ In the 3rd century BC, the Punic Wars fought between Carthage and Rome left the ancient world in turmoil.
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^ Polanski escaped from Poland during the Second World War but his parents were sent to a Nazi concentration camp and his mother died in the gas chambers.
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^ But during the Second World War more than 10 million Germans died, too.
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[38] .During World War II many enlisted in the Cyprus Regiment.^ They both confirmed that genocide, in a general sense, had taken place in the then Ottoman empire during the First World War.
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^ But during the Second World War more than 10 million Germans died, too.
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^ He and his family reached the Netherlands just after World War II and moved to the United States in 1953.
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.In January 1959, the Church of Cyprus organized a referendum, which was boycotted by the Turkish Cypriot community, where over 90% voted in favor of "enosis", meaning union with Greece.^ Over the years the meaning of the parade for Turkish American community has changed dramatically.
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^ For more than three decades the Greek Cypriot leadership, with their economic blockade against the Turkish Cypriots have been trying to strangle the North Cyprus state economically.
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^ By doing this, the Greek Cypriot leadership reminded themselves, as much as the Kuwaitis, that "this decision cannot mean granting legitimacy to the Turkish Cypriots."
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[39][40] Restricted autonomy under a constitution was proposed by the British administration but eventually rejected. In 1955 the EOKA organisation was founded, seeking independence and union with Greece through armed struggle. .At the same time the TMT, calling for Taksim, or partition, was established by the Turkish Cypriots as a counterweight.^ At the same time, as a Turkish MP, he is entitled to a red diplomatic passport.
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[41] Turmoil on the island was met with force by the British.

Independence

.On August 16, 1960, Cyprus attained independence after an agreement in Zürich and London between the United Kingdom, Greece and Turkey.^ Similarly, even though Turkey’s interest in the Turkish presence on Cyprus is great, it has diplomatic relations with Greece.
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^ The discord around Iraq comes to prove that the country is unable to face future challenges and solve its further problems.” After recalling the conflict between Turkey and Greece when Turkey united with Cyprus and the NATO was unable to solve the conflict, Liparityan raised a question, “Is the NATO capable of solving South Caucasian and Armenian issues?
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^ Countries of focus: Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Hungary, F.Y.R. of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Turkey.
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.The UK retained two Sovereign Base Areas in Akrotiri and Dhekelia while government posts and public offices were allocated by ethnic quotas giving the minority Turks a permanent veto, 30% in parliament and administration, and granting the 3 mother-states guarantor rights.^ An institutionalized Armenian Studies Program giving a 24-26 credit minor (nearly as much as some majors) with required courses in all areas.
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^ This right is granted by Articles 28, 29 and 30 of Armenian law.
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^ As a result of his public statements, Ambassador Evans' term of office was cut short by the Department of State.
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.In 1963 inter-communal violence broke out, partially sponsored by both "motherlands" with Turkish Cypriots being forced into enclaves and Cypriot President Archbishop Makarios III calling for unilateral constitutional changes as a means to ease tensions over the whole island.^ Over the years the meaning of the parade for Turkish American community has changed dramatically.
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^ When the Turkish Republic came into being, there was a desire to silence and to erase.
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^ According to the Turkish press, Sarkozy also said that if he was elected president, he would sign the bill into law as opposed to outgoing President Jacques Chirac.
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.The United Nations was involved and the United Nations forces in Cyprus (UNICYP) deployed at flash points.^ The United Nations wants to deploy 20,000 peacekeepers to Darfur, but has been stonewalled by the Sudanese government in Khartoum.
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[42]
.In 1964, Turkey attempted to invade Cyprus [43] in response to the ongoing Cypriot intercommunal violence, but was stopped by a strongly worded telegram from the U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson on June 5, 1964; who warned that the United States would not stand beside Turkey in case of a consequential Soviet invasion of Turkish territory.^ Along these lines, Turkey is a supporter of all international accords on early warning in the case of nuclear reactor accidents.
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^ That manifestation is all the more ugly given that it was done at his own initiative.” Baghdasarian’s response to the attack was equally strongly worded.
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^ A plurality of Turks indicated that they would boycott American products with 84 percent of those --who now have a very favorable opinion of the United States-- responded that their opinion would deteriorate if the resolution passes.
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[44]

Current dispute

.Following a coup d'état engineered by the Greek Junta, Turkey launched a full-scale military invasion of the island in 1974. The Turkish air force began bombing Greek positions on Cyprus, hundreds of paratroops were dropped in the area between Nicosia and Kyrenia, where well-armed Turkish Cypriot enclaves had been long-established, while off the Kyrenia coast 30 Turkish troop ships protected by destroyers disgorged 6,000 men as well as an array of tanks, trucks, and armored vehicles.^ NEWSDESK, May 30 (DozaMe.org) - The Turkish cargo train with serial number 55555, which was attacked and derailed by HPG forces (PKK’s armed wing) on May 25, was transporting 300 rockets from Iran to Syria, reports Turkey’s biggest newspaper Hurriyet today .
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^ A specialist in the Aegean Bronze Age, Niemeier has excavated extensively in Crete, as well as on the Greek mainland, in southern Italy, Israel and Turkey.
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^ In the 1960s, when the military junta came to power in Turkey, he had to leave the country, and eventually wound up in Israel.
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.Three days later, when a ceasefire had been agreed, Turkey had landed 30,000 troops on the island and captured Kyrenia, the corridor linking Kyrenia to Nicosia, and the Turkish-Cypriot quarter of Nicosia.^ Turkish Day Parade managed to draw many Azerbaijanis, Turkmens, Crimean Turks, Circassians, Cypriot Turks, Karacay Turks, and even Albanians and Bosnians to the parade."
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^ There are between 25,000 and 30,000 Armenian-speaking Muslim Hamshen Armenians in the Khopa region of Turkey.
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^ On the contrary the 26th Turkish Day Parade managed to draw many Azerbaijanis, Turkmens, Crimean Turks, Circassians, Cypriot Turks, Karacay Turks, and even Albanians and Bosnians to the parade.
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The junta in Athens, and then the Sampson regime in Cyprus fell from power. In Nicosia Glafkos Clerides assumed the presidency and constitutional order was restored; ostensibly removing the pretext the Turks gave for the invasion. .The Turks used a period of negotiations to reinforce their Kyrenia bridgehead and prepare for the second phase of the invasion, which began on 14 August and resulted in the seizure of Morphou, Karpasia, Ammochostos and the Mesaoria.^ The second phase of the dig is to find out more about how the area was used, before work to regenerate the site begins.
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The Greek forces were unable to resist the Turkish advance.
.International pressure led to a ceasefire at which point 37% of the island had been taken over by the Turks and 180,000 Greek Cypriots were evicted from their homes in the north.^ Can, or will, the Kuwaiti Government surrender easily to negative Greek Cypriot pressure is the question.
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^ According to Herodotus, Leonidas led an army of perhaps 7,000 Greeks.
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^ By comparison, the Greek Cypriots' objection, as a matter of political reflex, to fight against its establishment is beyond reason or international practice.
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.At the same time, around 50,000 Turkish Cypriots moved to the areas under the control of the Turkish Forces and settled in the properties of the displaced Greek Cypriots.^ By this time, huge chunks of the Roman Empire operated under the autonomous control of various barbarian kings and no unity remained.
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^ The silent procession of around 100,000 people on 23 January is evidence that a significant part of the Turkish population is committed to the defence of freedoms.
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^ The boy, identified as Robert Simonian, reportedly went missing at around the same time.
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.In 1983 Turkish Cypriots proclaimed the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus which is officially recognised only by Turkey.^ Similarly, even though Turkey’s interest in the Turkish presence on Cyprus is great, it has diplomatic relations with Greece.
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^ For more than three decades the Greek Cypriot leadership, with their economic blockade against the Turkish Cypriots have been trying to strangle the North Cyprus state economically.
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^ In the 1980s the parade was a platform where Turkish Americans tried to draw the attention of American public to some of Turkey's international conflicts such as those with Armenia and Greek Cyprus.
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.As of today, there are 1,534 Greek Cypriots[45] and 502 Turkish Cypriots[46] missing as a result of the fighting.^ By comparison, the Greek Cypriots' objection, as a matter of political reflex, to fight against its establishment is beyond reason or international practice.
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^ For more than three decades the Greek Cypriot leadership, with their economic blockade against the Turkish Cypriots have been trying to strangle the North Cyprus state economically.
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^ By doing this, the Greek Cypriot leadership reminded themselves, as much as the Kuwaitis, that "this decision cannot mean granting legitimacy to the Turkish Cypriots."
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.The events of the summer of 1974 dominate the politics on the island, as well as Greco-Turkish relations.^ Touching upon the elections to be held in summer in Turkey, A. Ayvazian said that irrespective of the fact whether the Islamists or secular political forces will win the elections, Armenian-Turkish relations will not change.
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^ Instead, he opined that a board of Turkish and Armenian historians as well as French historians should be set up to investigate the allegations and the relations of the two nations throughout centuries.
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^ "The reason is the rejection of Turkey to open borders with Armenia, as well as not willingness of the Turkish side to open diplomatic relations.
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.Around 150,000 settlers from Turkey are believed to be living in the north in violation of the Geneva Convention and various UN resolutions.^ We have a common border with Armenia, and 70,000 illegal workers from Armenia currently live in Turkey."
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^ Turkey’s policy towards Armenians at those times can be defined as genocide, as it’s interpreted by article 2 of UN 1948 Convention On the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.
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^ Tamoyan noted over 500,000 Yezids had been killed in Turkey in 1915-1918, while thousands of Yezids living in Armenia had lost their relatives during the Genocide.
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[47][48] .Following the invasion and the capture of its northern territory by Turkish troops, the Republic of Cyprus announced that all of its ports of entry in the north are closed, as they are effectively not under its control.^ One important outcome concerned the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus with an initiative to open a TRNC Trade Office in Kuwait City, so that Kuwaiti businessmen can do better business with TRNC and exports can be increased from Northern Cyprus to Kuwait.
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^ Trying to stop development of economic and trade relations between Kuwait and the Turkish Republic in the North is the latest example of their ill-conceived positions and uncompromising policies.
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^ During his reign, the Huns controlled a vast territory and it is even rumored that they lived, ate, and slept on horseback.
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The last major effort to settle the Cyprus dispute was the Annan Plan. .It gained the support of the Turkish Cypriots but was rejected by the Greek Cypriots.^ For more than three decades the Greek Cypriot leadership, with their economic blockade against the Turkish Cypriots have been trying to strangle the North Cyprus state economically.
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^ By doing this, the Greek Cypriot leadership reminded themselves, as much as the Kuwaitis, that "this decision cannot mean granting legitimacy to the Turkish Cypriots."
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.In July 2006, the island served as a safe haven for people fleeing Lebanon because of the conflict between Israel and Hezbollah.^ It will serve as an example for strengthening the real trust and mutual understanding between people of Armenia and the Russian Federation in generally.
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[49]
In March 2008, a wall that for decades had stood at the boundary between the Greek Cypriot controlled side and the UN buffer zone was demolished.[50] .The wall had cut across Ledra Street in the heart of Nicosia and was seen as a strong symbol of the island's 32-year division.^ Towering walls of flame have cut a swathe of destruction through the southern Peloponnese and the island of Evia near the capital and swept across other regions, prompting Greece to declare a nationwide state of emergency on Saturday.
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.On 3 April 2008, Ledra Street was reopened in the presence of Greek and Turkish Cypriot officials.^ The presence of senior Armenian and Turkish officials at Dink’s funeral has been seen as a sign of improvement in relations between the two countries.
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^ At that time, Armenians and Greeks on the street were told: "Speak Turkish, citizen!"
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^ For more than three decades the Greek Cypriot leadership, with their economic blockade against the Turkish Cypriots have been trying to strangle the North Cyprus state economically.
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[51]

Geography

Topographic image of Cyprus
.Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean (after the Italian islands of Sicily and Sardinia) and the world's 81st largest.^ The most important Phoenician colony in the Western Mediterranean was at Carthage, in modern Tunisia, but they also established points along the Spanish coast and on the island of Sicily.
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.It measures 240 kilometers long from end to end and 100 km wide at its widest point, with Turkey 75 km to the north.^ The tank, measuring twelve-meter-long, six-meter-wide and six-meter-deep, has a capacity of 432 000 litres.
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.Other neighbouring territories include Syria and Lebanon to the east (105 km and 108 km, respectively), Israel 200 km to the southeast, Egypt 380 km to the south, and Greece to the west-northwest: 280 km to the small Dodecanesian island of Kastellórizo (Meyísti), 400 km to Rhodes, and 800 km to the Greek mainland.^ The characters include a number of familiar names from Greek mythology, and a few that have popped in from other mythological Monster Manuals.
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^ The major photographers in Constantinople and other cities of what is now the Republic of Turkey and those in Syria, Jordan, Palestine-Israel, Iraq, Iran, Lebanon and even Cyprus were Armenian.
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^ Some 1.9 million Iraqis are displaced inside the country and up to 2 million others have fled abroad, mainly to neighbouring Syria and Jordan.
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The physical relief of the island is dominated by two mountain ranges, the Troodos Mountains and the smaller Kyrenia Range, and the central plain they encompass, the Mesaoria. .The Troodos Mountains cover most of the southern and western portions of the island and account for roughly half its area.^ Greece is the most seismically active country in Europe, accounting for half the number of earthquakes recorded on the continent.
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^ The most important Phoenician colony in the Western Mediterranean was at Carthage, in modern Tunisia, but they also established points along the Spanish coast and on the island of Sicily.
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The highest point on Cyprus is Mount Olympus at 1,952 m (6,404.20 ft), located in the center of the Troodos range. The narrow Kyrenia Range, extending along the northern coastline, occupies substantially less area, and elevations are lower, reaching a maximum of 1,024 m (3,359.58 ft).
Geopolitically, the island is subdivided into four main segments. The Republic of Cyprus, the internationally recognized government, occupies the southern two-thirds of the island (59.74%). .The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus occupies the northern third (34.85%) of the island and is recognized only by Turkey, as it consists of the Turkish-occupied areas.^ Turkey does not recognize Taiwan diplomatically, but there has been a Turkish Trade Office in Taipei since 1993.
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^ Similarly, even though Turkey’s interest in the Turkish presence on Cyprus is great, it has diplomatic relations with Greece.
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^ U.S. hasn’t recognized Turkish Republic juridically so far .
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The United Nations-controlled Green Line is a buffer zone that separates the two and covers 2.67% of the island. .Lastly, two bases under British sovereignty are located on the island: Akrotiri and Dhekelia, covering the remaining 2.74%.^ Mind you, I covered the two miles from the snake back to Androcles the apothecary in under 11 minutes — a personal best over that distance and very encouraging.
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Government

Cyprus

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Cyprus


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Politics portal
The Presidential Palace (Residence) in Nicosia.
Cyprus is a Presidential republic. .The head of state and of the government is the President who is elected by a process of Universal suffrage for a five-year term.^ Akin Birdal, who survived an assassination attempt by the Deep State in 1998, has long been in the fight for human rights in Turkey, having served many years as the Istanbul IHD head.
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^ His unique scholastic pursuit fetched him the State Government's Ugadi Visishta Purasakaram this year, but he is not enthused.
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^ The teenager, who is studying A-Level Maths, English Literature, Latin and Ancient Greek, hopes to study Classics at Cambridge University next year.
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.Executive power is exercised by the government with legislative power vested in the House of Representatives whilst the Judiciary is independent of both the executive and the legislature.^ He believes the Azeri government is violating both its international commitments and treaties and the Azeri legislation.
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.The 1960 Constitution provided for a presidential system of government with independent executive, legislative and judicial branches as well as a complex system of checks and balances including a weighted power-sharing ratio designed to protect the interests of the Turkish Cypriots.^ The judicial system is fully controlled by the government.
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^ People might have used the city as a place of shelter or to wage attacks in order to protect themselves from Arab and Turkish incursions as well," Alp affirmed.
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^ Last year the event attracted a number of individuals from government and independent agencies concerned with arts policy who provided feedback on the papers presented.
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.The executive was led by a Greek Cypriot president and a Turkish Cypriot vice president elected by their respective communities for five-year terms and each possessing a right of veto over certain types of legislation and executive decisions.^ Over the years the meaning of the parade for Turkish American community has changed dramatically.
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^ According to the Turkish press, Sarkozy also said that if he was elected president, he would sign the bill into law as opposed to outgoing President Jacques Chirac.
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^ The European Union's decision to break this economic blockade has already been obstructed by the Greek Cypriot leadership in the south.
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.Legislative power rested on the House of Representatives who were also elected on the basis of separate voters' rolls.^ The New Jersey legislator placed a hold on his confirmation by the Senate, arguing that a U.S. ambassador, who denies the Armenian Genocide, cannot be an effective U.S. representative in Armenia.
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^ Krasnodar voters call on their elected representatives appear with statement condemning the Armenian Genocide in Turkey between 1915-1922.
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.Following clashes between the two communities the Turkish Cypriot seats in the House remain vacant since 1965. Turkish Cypriots refused to establish the state of affairs before the invasion of Cyprus as is evident in the Secretary-General of the United Nations who said The Turkish Cypriot leaders have adhered to a rigid stand against any measures which might involve having members of the two communities live and work together, or which might place Turkish Cypriots in situations where they would have to acknowledge the authority of Government agents.^ Robert Menendez, who has actively worked to help Darfur through his strong support of the Darfur Peace and Accountability Act, and sponsored a $60 million appropriation to create a United Nations peacekeeping force.
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^ There would be more things to do for kids if we had room to do it in.” He said they are currently working with an architectural firm to see if building a second floor would be feasible.
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^ Volodia Velkov, the head of the police unit that combats organised crime, said tomb-raiding was now generating about £4 billion a year for the crime syndicates.
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.Indeed, since the Turkish Cypriot leadership is committed to physical and geographical separation of the communities as a political goal, it is not likely to encourage activities by Turkish Cypriots which may be interpreted as demonstrating the merits of an alternative policy.^ For more than three decades the Greek Cypriot leadership, with their economic blockade against the Turkish Cypriots have been trying to strangle the North Cyprus state economically.
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^ By doing this, the Greek Cypriot leadership reminded themselves, as much as the Kuwaitis, that "this decision cannot mean granting legitimacy to the Turkish Cypriots."
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^ The Greek Cypriot leadership's efforts to block this initiative may prove counterproductive, if not negative, to their already negative and uncooperative image.
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.The result has been a seemingly deliberate policy of self-segregation by the Turkish Cypriots
[52] By 1974 the two communities had returned to a more tolerant state of living.^ According to a source in the Turkish MFA, together with Suleyman Gokca three more Turkish diplomats who know the Armenian language will be sent to the country’s consulate in the United Stated, where exists a strong Armenian community.
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^ For more than three decades the Greek Cypriot leadership, with their economic blockade against the Turkish Cypriots have been trying to strangle the North Cyprus state economically.
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^ More than 1,000 communications experts from around the world are busy in Baumholder, where they’re engaged in a two-week program with a simple objective.
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[52]
.In 1974 Cyprus was divided de facto into the Greek Cypriot controlled southern two-thirds of the island and the Turkish controlled northern third.^ For more than three decades the Greek Cypriot leadership, with their economic blockade against the Turkish Cypriots have been trying to strangle the North Cyprus state economically.
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^ By doing this, the Greek Cypriot leadership reminded themselves, as much as the Kuwaitis, that "this decision cannot mean granting legitimacy to the Turkish Cypriots."
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.The Turkish Cypriots subsequently declared independence in 1983 as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus but were recognized only by Turkey.^ In the 1980s the parade was a platform where Turkish Americans tried to draw the attention of American public to some of Turkey's international conflicts such as those with Armenia and Greek Cyprus.
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^ One important outcome concerned the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus with an initiative to open a TRNC Trade Office in Kuwait City, so that Kuwaiti businessmen can do better business with TRNC and exports can be increased from Northern Cyprus to Kuwait.
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^ Turkey does not recognize Taiwan diplomatically, but there has been a Turkish Trade Office in Taipei since 1993.
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In 1985 the TRNC adopted a constitution and held its first elections. .The United Nations recognizes the sovereignty of the Republic of Cyprus over the entire island of Cyprus.^ Till 1933 the Republic of Armenia was recognized by the League of Nations according to provisions of the Sevr (Sevres) treaty.
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.The House of Representatives currently has 59 members elected for a five year term, 56 members by proportional representation and 3 observer members representing the Armenian, Latin and Maronite minorities.^ As a member of the House, Gephardt cosponsored legislation recognizing the Armenian Genocide, as recently as H.Res.193 in 2003, and dating all the way back to H.J.Res.192, more than 20 years ago, during the 99th Congress.
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^ Samast also faces an additional prison term of between 8.5 to 18 years for being a member of a terrorist organization and carrying an unlicensed gun.
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^ Krasnodar voters call on their elected representatives appear with statement condemning the Armenian Genocide in Turkey between 1915-1922.
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.24 seats are allocated to the Turkish community but remain vacant since 1964. The political environment is dominated by the communist AKEL, the liberal conservative Democratic Rally, the centrist[53] Democratic Party, the social-democratic EDEK and the centrist EURO.KO.^ The overwhelming message, however, was not a democratic one, as the official speakers of those rallies, for the most part, supported the military's role in politics.
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^ His party, formed in 1998, received about 24,000 of votes (1.7%) failing to overcome the 5% barrier necessary to gain parliamentary seats.
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^ With tight budgets for many towns and cities across the state, Parsekian said that less money is being allocated for social and communities activity for young people.
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.On 17 February 2008 Dimitris Christofias of the AKEL was elected President of Cyprus, on AKEL's first electoral victory without being part of a wider coalition.^ At the same time, without wishing to be a party-pooper, I think that this time, what with it being the first, it would be sensible if I just concentrated on getting round.
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.Cyprus is currently one of only two countries in the world to have a democratically elected socialist government (the other being Nepal), and the only European Union member state under communist leadership.^ Last week the European Union approved a framework decision aimed at criminalizing denial of the Holocaust and other genocides following six years of intense debate.
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^ The desire to become a full member of the EU not only has resulted in a major --albeit incomplete-- uprooting of authoritarian laws and structures in the country, but also serves as a catalyst for the world to see who/what is modern in Turkey now.
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^ Greece had demanded for over a decade the return of the two works, in addition to two other items yielded by the Getty last summer, arguing that they were illegally removed from the country.
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Christofias took over government from Tassos Papadopoulos of the Democratic Party who had been in office since February 2003.

Districts

The Republic of Cyprus is divided into six districts:[54] Nicosia, Famagusta, Kyrenia, Larnaca, Limassol and Paphos.
Map of Cyprus Districts Greek name Turkish name
Nicosia Larnaca Limassol Paphos Akrotiri Kyrenia Famagusta Dhekelia Cyprus districts.jpg
About this image
Famagusta    Αμμόχωστος (Ammochostos)    Gazimağusa   
Kyrenia Κερύvεια (Keryneia) Girne
Larnaca Λάρνακα (Larnaka) Larnaka/İskele
Lemesos Λεμεσός (Lemesos) Limasol/Leymosun
Nicosia Λευκωσία (Lefkosia) Lefkoşa
Paphos Πάφος (Pafos/Bafos) Baf/Gazibaf

Exclaves and enclaves

Pyrgos, a Greek Cypriot exclave on Morphou Bay
.Cyprus has four exclaves, all in territory that belongs to the British Sovereign Base Area of Dhekelia.^ And then there is Nagorno-Karabakh, the ethnic Armenian exclave based on Azerbaijani territory.
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The first two are the villages of Ormidhia and Xylotymvou. .The third is the Dhekelia Power Station which is divided by a British road into two parts.^ The 1,255-square-yard complex includes a tannery dating to the second or third century, as well as burial sites and part of a Roman road.
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.The northern part is an exclave, like the two villages, whereas the southern part is located by the sea and therefore not an exclave although it has no territorial waters of its own.^ Although Armenia says it has no territorial claims on Turkey, but such claims may arise after recognition.
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^ The excavations were conducted over the course of the last three months at the request of Mekorot, as part of a project that involves the installation of a sewage pipeline and the transfer of the waste water treatment facility from Tiberias to the southern part of the Sea of Galilee.
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[55]
The UN buffer zone runs up against Dhekelia and picks up again from its east side off Ayios Nikolaos and is connected to the rest of Dhekelia by a thin land corridor. In that sense the buffer zone turns the Paralimni area on the southeast corner of the island into a de facto, though not de jure, exclave.
Pyrgos is a de facto exclave of the government-controlled part of the island. It is the only Greek Cypriot town located on the TRNC-controlled Morphou Bay.

Human rights

.The constant focus on the division of the island can sometimes mask other human rights issues.^ Some Europeans have, for example, exaggerated the human rights violations that still exist here and have sometimes even exploited them.
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.Prostitution is rife in both the government-controlled and the Turkish-controlled regions leading to the government being criticised for its lack of controls[56] and for the role of Cyprus in the sex trade as one of the main destinations for human trafficking from Eastern Europe.^ A ceasefire signed in 1994 left the region under ethnic Armenian control without leading to a final settlement of the conflict.
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^ Illustrations show Stuart and Revett in Turkish dress, adopted to blend in with the locals as they were suspected of being treasure hunters and were stalked by government spies.
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^ Armenia’s leading opposition groups condemned on Tuesday the overnight arrest of one of the two prominent government critics accused of being illegally financed by a Russian businessman allegedly plotting regime change in the country.
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[57] The Turkish-controlled regime has been the focus of occasional freedom of speech criticisms[58] regarding heavy-handed treatment of newspaper editors.
Domestic violence legislation remains largely unimplemented[59] and mistreatment of domestic staff, mostly immigrant workers from developing countries, are sometimes reported in the Cypriot press[60] and are the subject of several campaigns by the anti-racist charity KISA.

Military

The Cypriot National Guard is the main military institution of the Republic of Cyprus. It is an combined arms force, with land, air and naval elements. .The National Guard is a required 25 month service for all men upon completing their 18th birthday.^ It was a risky move considering there were roadblocks guarded by armed men who would butcher Tutsis with machetes upon sight.
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The land forces of the Cypriot National Guard comprise the following units:
  • First Infantry Division (Ιη Μεραρχία ΠΖ)
  • Second Infantry Division (ΙΙα Μεραρχία ΠΖ)
  • Fourth Infantry Brigade (ΙVη Ταξιαρχία ΠΖ)
  • Twentieth Armored Brigade (ΧΧη ΤΘ Ταξιαρχία)
  • Third Support Brigade (ΙΙΙη Ταξιαρχία ΥΠ)
  • Eighth Support Brigade (VIIIη Ταξιαρχία ΥΠ)
.The air force includes the 449th Helicopter Gunship Squadron (449 ΜΑΕ) – operating SA-342L and Bell 206 and the 450th Helicopter Gunship Squadron (450 ME/P) – operating Mi-35P, BN-2B and PC-9.^ The exercise includes a forward operating site at the Air Institute in Yerevan, Armenia.
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^ Saturday, May 5, 2007 Stars and Stripes, European edition By John Vandiver "The exercise includes a forward operating site at the Air Institute in Yerevan, Armenia.
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Current Senior officers include Supreme Commander, Cypriot National Guard: Lt. Gen. Konstantinos Bisbikas, Deputy Commander, Cypriot National Guard: Lt. Gen. Savvas Argyrou and Chief of Staff, Cypriot National Guard: Maj. Gen. Gregory Stamoulis.

Economy

The Cypriot economy is prosperous and has diversified in recent years.[61] .According to the latest IMF estimates, its per capita GDP (adjusted for purchasing power) at $28,381 is just above the average of the European Union.^ The European Union has just ratified a law “banning incitement to or denial of genocide” (arguably including both the Holocaust and the Armenian genocide).
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[62] Cyprus has been sought as a base for several offshore businesses for its highly developed infrastructure. .Economic policy of the Cyprus government has focused on meeting the criteria for admission to the European Union.^ The European Union's decision to break this economic blockade has already been obstructed by the Greek Cypriot leadership in the south.
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^ He added the elections were the first since the European Union and Armenia signed the Neighborhood Policy Action Plan in 2006.
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^ Russia, the US, the European Union, Turkey, and Iran all claim important economic or political stakes in the region.
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Adoption of the euro as a national currency is required of all new countries joining the European Union and the Cypriot government adopted the currency on 1 January 2008.[61]
Oil has recently been discovered in the seabed between Cyprus and Egypt and talks are underway between Lebanon and Egypt to reach an agreement regarding the exploration of these resources.[63] The seabed separating Lebanon and Cyprus is believed to hold significant quantities of crude oil and natural gas.[63] .However the government of Cyprus states that the Turkish Navy doesn't allow the exploration of oil in the region.^ However, the state government has not able to acquire the land.
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^ For more than three decades the Greek Cypriot leadership, with their economic blockade against the Turkish Cypriots have been trying to strangle the North Cyprus state economically.
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^ The Turkish government insists that Turks, Armenians and Kurds were all victims of killings and of the chaos that enveloped the region as the Ottoman Empire collapsed.
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[63][64]
.The economy of the Turkish-occupied area (effectively a district of the Mersin Province) is dominated by the services sector which includes the public sector, trade, tourism and education with smaller agriculture and light manufacturing sectors.^ Positions include education, construction, manufacturing, retail, police and fire services, health care, communications and government agencies.
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^ He expressed the hope that the two countries' ties would expand to such other areas as education, trade and tourism.
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The economy operates on a free-market basis although it continues to be handicapped by the political isolation of Turkish Cypriots, the lack of private and governmental investment, high freight costs and shortages of skilled labor. .Despite these constraints the economy turned in an impressive performance in 2003 and 2004 with growth rates of 9.6% and 11.4%.^ Armenia's ratings are supported by an impressive economic performance with the economy expanding by more than 11 pct each year, since 2000 while annual consumer price inflation has remained below 3 pct.
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.The average income in the area was $15,984 in 2008.[65] Growth has been buoyed by the relative stability of the Turkish new lira and by a boom in the education and construction sectors.^ Construction remains the fastest growing sector of the economy, where the real growth in production was 37% in 2006.
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The island has witnessed a massive growth in tourism over the years and as such the property rental market in Cyprus has grown along side. Added to this is the capital growth in property that has been created from the demand of incoming investors and property buyers to the island.[66]

Numismatics

In Cyprus, the euro was introduced in 2008. Three different designs were selected for the Cypriot coins. The designs were chosen from entrants in a competition in 2005
.The €2 coin is a legacy of an old national practice of minting silver and gold commemorative coins.^ One silver coin with the inscription EID MAR (Eidibus Martiis = Ides of March in Latin), actually commemorates the murder of Caesar as being a patriotic act.
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^ The gold and silver are said to symbolize his status as a mighty king, while the iron designates his strength and power over all nations.
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To commemorate this event, a €5 collector coin was also issued. .Unlike normal issues these coins are not legal tender in all of the eurozone and so cannot be used in any other country but Cyprus.^ "This is in breach of OSCE commitment, because Armenia, as any other country in the OSCE (…) pledged to invite all other OSCE states to observe their elections.
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^ We are all Hrant Dink.” The slogan was all the more surprising in a country where “Armenian”is still sometimes used as an insult.
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^ On what evidence would these “legal export licences” be issued?
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Demographics

Ethnographic map of Cyprus prior to the 1974 illegal Turkish invasion.
Population growth (numbers for the entire island, excluding in recent years some 150,000 Turkish immigrants residing in Northern Cyprus).
Population structure.
.According to the first population census after the declaration of independence, carried out in December 1960 and covering the entire island, Cyprus had a total population of 573,566, with ethnic Greeks comprising 77% of the island's population and ethnic Turks 18% (other nationals accounted for the remaining 5%).^ The Greeks had been carrying out terrorist attacks on Persian holdings for years.
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^ Turkish documents don't mention how many Muslims living in a given village had been Armenian, Greek or of other nationality before.
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^ According to The United Nations Convention on Genocide ratified in 1948, the affected population must constitute an ethnically or religiously definable group in order for the term genocide to be applied to them.
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[67] .According to the last census covering the entire island (April 1973), the population of Cyprus was 631,778 with the ethnic Turkish community estimated at 19% of the total (about 120,000).^ Their civilization lasted for about 1,000 years, reaching its height roughly from the 7th to the 6th century B.C., before its cities were replaced by Roman settlements.
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[68]
.The subsequent censuses conducted in 1976–2001 after the de facto division of the island covered only the population in the area controlled by the Republic of Cyprus government, and the number of Turkish Cypriots residing in Northern Cyprus was estimated by the Republic of Cyprus Statistical Service on the basis of population growth rates and migration data.^ The ancient bridge, which also attracts not only lovers but drinkers and no small number of pot smokers, began to be covered in lovers' graffiti, along with the overwhelming number of chains.
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^ One important outcome concerned the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus with an initiative to open a TRNC Trade Office in Kuwait City, so that Kuwaiti businessmen can do better business with TRNC and exports can be increased from Northern Cyprus to Kuwait.
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^ Has it withdrawn or reduced the number of Turkish troops in Cyprus?
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.In the last census of 2001 carried out by the Republic of Cyprus, the population in the area controlled by the government was 703,529. The number of Turkish Cypriots residing in Northern Cyprus was estimated by the Republic of Cyprus Statistical Service at 87,600, or 11% of the reported total.^ DISCC|The Battle for Rome: Caesar In winning the Battle of Alesia, the brilliant military tactician and politician Gaius Julius Caesar subdued the last of Republic's invaders; he took control of the government and spawned a civil war.
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^ Persia's 9/11: In 498 BCE, Athens carried out a terrorist attack on Sardis, a major Persian city, which made 9/11 seem like child's play.
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^ For more than three decades the Greek Cypriot leadership, with their economic blockade against the Turkish Cypriots have been trying to strangle the North Cyprus state economically.
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[68]
.The latest available estimates by the Republic of Cyprus Statistical Service put the island’s population at the end of 2006 at 867,600, with 89.8% (778,700) in the government controlled area and 10.2% (88,900) Turkish Cypriots in Northern Cyprus.^ One important outcome concerned the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus with an initiative to open a TRNC Trade Office in Kuwait City, so that Kuwaiti businessmen can do better business with TRNC and exports can be increased from Northern Cyprus to Kuwait.
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^ Trying to stop development of economic and trade relations between Kuwait and the Turkish Republic in the North is the latest example of their ill-conceived positions and uncompromising policies.
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^ For more than three decades the Greek Cypriot leadership, with their economic blockade against the Turkish Cypriots have been trying to strangle the North Cyprus state economically.
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[68] .However, the Republic of Cyprus estimate of Turkish Cypriots does not represent the total population of Northern Cyprus.^ One important outcome concerned the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus with an initiative to open a TRNC Trade Office in Kuwait City, so that Kuwaiti businessmen can do better business with TRNC and exports can be increased from Northern Cyprus to Kuwait.
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^ For more than three decades the Greek Cypriot leadership, with their economic blockade against the Turkish Cypriots have been trying to strangle the North Cyprus state economically.
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.In addition, the Republic of Cyprus Statistical Service also estimated that 150,000–160,000 Turkish immigrants (described as “illegal settlers” in the Republic of Cyprus Statistical Abstract 2007,[68] footnote on p. 72) were living in Northern Cyprus, bringing the de facto population of Northern Cyprus to about 250,000. This estimate produced by the Republic of Cyprus matches the results of the 2006 population census carried out by Northern Cyprus, which gives 265,100 as the total population of Northern Cyprus.^ One important outcome concerned the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus with an initiative to open a TRNC Trade Office in Kuwait City, so that Kuwaiti businessmen can do better business with TRNC and exports can be increased from Northern Cyprus to Kuwait.
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^ "So they should give out concessions and carry out rigorous checks on what is found.
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^ We have a common border with Armenia, and 70,000 illegal workers from Armenia currently live in Turkey."
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[69] The total population of Cyprus is thus slightly over 1 million, comprising 778,700 in the territory controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus and 265,100 in Northern Cyprus.
Cyprus has seen major increases in the numbers of permanent citizens. .Sizeable communities from Britain, Russia, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Romania, and other Eastern European states exist.^ The conference will result in establishment of the Center of Armenian Memory for creation of a network of similar centers throughout France and other European states.
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.By the end of 2007, about 124,000 immigrants settled in Cyprus, the three largest groups being 37,000 Greeks, 27,000 Britons, and 10,000 Russians.^ It was established that on April 27 the three offenders transferred $180,000 to nine front parties through a bank in Yerevan.
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^ Thus Cicero was transcribed as Kikerwn, not Siserwn (the -wn being a Greek ending), i.e.
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^ For more than three decades the Greek Cypriot leadership, with their economic blockade against the Turkish Cypriots have been trying to strangle the North Cyprus state economically.
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The island is also home to a Maronite minority of 6,000, an Armenian minority of around 2,000, and refugees mainly from Serbia, Palestine, and Lebanon. There is also a Kurdish minority present in Cyprus.
Outside Cyprus there is a significant and thriving Cypriot diaspora in other countries, with the United States, the United Kingdom, Greece and Australia hosting the majority of migrants who left the island after the de facto division in 1974. The Cypriot population of the United Kingdom is estimated to number 150,000.
Pyla village in Larnaca District is the only settlement in Cypriot government-controlled territory with a mixed Greek and Turkish Cypriot population.

Genetics

.Y-Dna haplogroups are found at the following frequencies in Cyprus : J (43.07% including 6.20% J1), E1b1b (20.00%), R1 (12.30% including 9.2% R1b), F (9.20%), I (7.70%), K (4.60%), A (3.10%).^ Posted by david meadows on Aug-10-07 at 8:12 AM AWOTV: On TV Friday 8.00 p.m.
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^ Posted by david meadows on Aug-02-07 at 10:20 AM Catching up ...
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^ The program for the HERODOTUS colloquium on March 29 & 30 is as follows** * Thursday, March 29, 2007 Hemmerdinger Hall, 102 Silver Center 6:00 p.m.
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[70] .J, K, F and E1b1b haplogroups consist of lineages with differential distribution within Middle East, North Africa and Europe while R1 and I are typical in West European populations.^ During its ten years of activity ASALA killed 39 Turkish diplomats and politicians in Western Europe, in the United States and the Middle East.
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^ That drop was offset by an increase in piracy in the Middle East and Africa, he said.
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Religion

Religion in Cyprus[2]
religion percent
Greek Orthodoxy
  
78%
Sunni Islam
  
18%
Other
  
4%
.Most Greek Cypriots are members of the autocephalous Greek Orthodox Church of Cyprus,[2][71][72] whereas most Turkish Cypriots are adherents of Sunni Islam.^ For more than three decades the Greek Cypriot leadership, with their economic blockade against the Turkish Cypriots have been trying to strangle the North Cyprus state economically.
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^ In the 1980s the parade was a platform where Turkish Americans tried to draw the attention of American public to some of Turkey's international conflicts such as those with Armenia and Greek Cyprus.
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^ By doing this, the Greek Cypriot leadership reminded themselves, as much as the Kuwaitis, that "this decision cannot mean granting legitimacy to the Turkish Cypriots."
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.According to Eurobarometer 2005,[73] Cyprus is one of the most religious countries in the European Union, alongside Malta, Romania, Greece, and Poland.^ One of the most popular products grown in the ancient garden were different kinds of nuts, according to the biologist leading the team, Annamaria Ciarallo.
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^ According to Michael Galaty, the US researcher who led the expedition, the discovery shows that the area, one of the most remote in Europe, has been in use for thousands of years.
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^ The populist party, which has a pro-Western foreign policy agenda, is now thought to be one of the country’s most popular opposition groups.
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The first President of Cyprus, Makarios III, was an archbishop.
.Given the special legal status of the Church of Cyprus, the country is also one of only five EU states to have an established state church, alongside Denmark (Danish National Church), Greece (Church of Greece), Malta (Roman Catholic Church) and the United Kingdom (Church of England (only in England)).^ Only corresponding moral evaluation given by the Supreme Legislative body of the state and adoption of a standard legal act that condemns the Genocide, can become a base for prevailing the historical truth towards the Armenian nation.
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^ So, coming back to the United Kingdom, have things become so scary, so out of control in Britain that one of the greatest monstrosities of the 20th century has to be erased from the history books?
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^ Each of them will be shot in the countries where the archeologist used to travel: Russia, Greece, China, England, France, Czechia, Germany and Norway.
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.In addition to the Greek Orthodox and Muslim communities, there are also small Bahá'í, Jewish, Protestant (including Pentecostal), Roman Catholic (including Latin Rite and Maronite) and Armenian Apostolic communities in Cyprus.^ Caught somewhat uneasily in the middle is the small, unorganized Turkish Jewish community of 100-200 residents of Los Angeles.
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^ The Greeks, whose culture (Horace tells us) 'took the Romans captive', often transcribed Latin names into Greek.
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^ The Muslim Hamshen Armenians in Central Asia have no relatives here and that is why there are no contacts.
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.Hala Sultan Tekke, situated near the Larnaca Salt Lake, is considered the third holiest site in Sunni Islam[74][75][76][77][78][79][80] and an object of pilgrimage for both Muslims and Christians.^ Some Armenians forcedly converted to Islam, became Muslim on the surface in the hope that the wave would pass and they would return to Christianity.
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[81][82]

Education

Pancyprian Gymnasium, the oldest functioning high school in Cyprus.
.Cyprus has a highly developed system of primary and secondary education offering both public and private education.^ The new wariness of collectors, both public and private, to buy or exhibit works that do not have the most rigorously documented history jeopardizes the business of even the most established dealers.
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.The high quality of instruction can be attributed to a large extent to the above-average competence of the teachers but also to the fact that nearly 7% of the GDP is spent on education which makes Cyprus one of the top three spenders of education in the EU along with Denmark and Sweden.^ Record-Herald : Latin is not dead - in fact, at Greencastle-Antrim High School, an attentive teacher and her overachieving students have expanded the once-struggling course.
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^ "The past three weeks have been spent making sure that all the text in the exhibit would be historically accurate," Haq said.
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^ This figure is far too high to [make one] feel comfortable,” said Platvoet.
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.State schools are generally seen as equivalent in quality of education to private-sector institutions.^ Greek state archaeologists and archaeologists from the Swedish Institute at Athens, a private foundation financed by the Swedish government, have systematically excavated Midea since 1983.
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.However, the value of a state high-school diploma is limited by the fact that the grades obtained account for only around 25% of the final grade for each topic, with the remaining 75% assigned by the teacher during the semester, in a minimally transparent way.^ Record-Herald : Latin is not dead - in fact, at Greencastle-Antrim High School, an attentive teacher and her overachieving students have expanded the once-struggling course.
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^ "My students get excited about this, they have a good track record," said Cherry Hill High School West teacher J.D. Munday in between rounds.
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^ The 15 faculty members of the department share in a tradition of cooperation with high school teachers and programs which has culminated in an exciting and challenging curriculum.
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.Cypriot universities (like universities in Greece) ignore high school grades almost entirely for admissions purposes.^ In particular, he said, young people like middle and high school students are paying attention.
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.While a high-school diploma is mandatory for university attendance, admissions are decided almost exclusively on the basis of scores at centrally administered university entrance examinations that all university candidates are required to take.^ The University encourages applications from all qualified candidates, including women, members of visible minorities, Aboriginal persons, and persons with disabilities.
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^ "They're pretty hard," Hopewell Valley Central High School competitor Colleen Kent said of the questions.
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^ Pennsylvania's delegation consisted of 10 students, all from Upper Dublin High School.
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.The majority of Cypriots receive their higher education at Greek, British,Turkish, other European and North American universities.^ Turkish documents don't mention how many Muslims living in a given village had been Armenian, Greek or of other nationality before.
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^ In the 1980s the parade was a platform where Turkish Americans tried to draw the attention of American public to some of Turkey's international conflicts such as those with Armenia and Greek Cyprus.
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^ For more than three decades the Greek Cypriot leadership, with their economic blockade against the Turkish Cypriots have been trying to strangle the North Cyprus state economically.
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It is noteworthy that Cyprus currently has the highest percentage of citizens of working age who have higher-level education in the EU at 30% which is ahead of Finland's 29.5%. .In addition 47% of its population aged 25–34 have tertiary education, which is the highest in the EU. The body of Cypriot students is highly mobile, with 78.7% studying in a university outside Cyprus.^ In addition, thanks to the generosity of the Classical Association and the Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies, a further twenty bursaries are available to students from any university.
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Culture

Art

.The art history of Cyprus can be said to stretch back up to 10,000 years, following the discovery of a series of Chalcolithic period carved figures in the villages of Khoirokoitia and Lempa[83] and the island is also the home to numerous examples of high quality religious icon painting from the Middle Ages.^ Head of the excavations Prof. Jeroen Poblome stressed that the figure most probably belonged to the statue of a woman, dating back to late Roman period.
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^ It has long been thought that the island of Ithaki in the Ionian Sea was the island Homer used as a setting for the epic poem "The Odyssey," in which the king Odysseus makes a perilous 10-year journey home from the Trojan War.
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^ "I have devoted 10 years of my life to Faulkner," he said, before spontaneously reciting the opening of that novel in Russian.
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.In modern times Cypriot art history begins with the painter Vassilis Vryonides (1883–1958) who studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Venice.^ The auction is timed to coincide with New York's International Asian Art Fair, which begins Friday.
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^ The museum said today in a statement that it invited a group of scientists, archaeologists and art historians to a workshop on May 9 to begin a study of the statue's origin.
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^ The conference is generously supported by the British Academy, the Faculty of Arts and Humanities University of Durham, and the Institute of Advanced Study of the University of Durham ( www.dur.ac.uk/ias/ ).
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[84] .Arguably the two founding fathers of modern Cypriot art were Adamantios Diamantis (1900–1994) who studied at London's Royal College of Art and Christopheros Savva (1924–1968) who also studied in London, at St Martins School of Art.^ Reception provided by the Faculty of Classics at the Stelios Ioannou School for Research in Classical and Byzantine Studies, 66 St. Giles 7.30 p.m.
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^ Anyone who is not a member, we welcome you and encourage you to help us continue to support the School of Classical Studies, and in particular, our scholarships to the Classical Summer School.
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^ "None of the students are happy about this," said Grant senior Sarah Lazeroni, who studied Latin at the school for two years.
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[85] .In many ways these two artists set the template for subsequent Cypriot art and both their artistic styles and the patterns of their education remain influential to this day.^ "Either it stays the way it is and the works are stopped or, if the railway must be built, these remains will have to be cut out and rebuilt entirely."
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^ Let's begin with the number three of the AKP, Bülent Arınç, a man of many troubles these days.
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.In particular the majority of Cypriot artists still train in England[86] although art schools in Greece are also popular and local art institutions such as the Cyprus College of Art, University of Nicosia and the Frederick Institute of Technology are becoming more popular.^ The conference is generously supported by the British Academy, the Faculty of Arts and Humanities University of Durham, and the Institute of Advanced Study of the University of Durham ( www.dur.ac.uk/ias/ ).
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^ The school is part of the culture of Cyprus and we are proud that Cyprus has been a host to such an establishment.
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^ The Institute for Exploration and the Institute for Archaeological Oceanography at the University of Rhode Island's Graduate School of Oceanography are leading the mission, which will conduct geological and archaeological research in the Aegean and Black Seas--waterways that have served as major trade routes for centuries.
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.One of the features of Cypriot art is a tendency towards figurative painting although conceptual art is being rigorously promoted by a number of art “institutions” and most notably the Nicosia Municipal Art Centre [13].^ Yet Bragho' has found a previously unpublished photograph of the statues apparently showing one of the figures entirely covered in incrustations, its features indistinguishable.
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^ Simply put, it represents the ratio between the diameter and the circumference of any circle, and is one of the most significant numbers in maths.
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.Municipal art galleries exist in all the main towns and there is a large and lively commercial art scene.^ Prosecutors, investigating the claims of local art sleuth Giuseppe Bragho', say there is growing evidence that a third work of art was smuggled from the scene during the discovery.
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^ In "Bliss," there's a scene where Irfan, the intellectual, recalls with disgust all the leftist demonstrations he took part in as a youth.
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^ "This confirms that there was quite a large Roman settlement or small town in Nantwich and it was probably salt making that drew them to the place.
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.Cyprus was due to host the international art festival Manifesta in 2006 but this was cancelled at the last minute following a dispute between the Dutch organizers of Manifesta and the Cyprus Ministry of Education and Culture over the location of some of the Manifesta events in the Turkish sector of the capital Nicosia.^ This afternoon is a follow-up to the Sydney conference of last year on war, culture and democracy in classical Athens.
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^ Between 2001 and 2006 Italy's carabinieri art theft squad recovered 345,320 purloined archeological artifacts, including individual fragments.
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^ Mr Sarkisian is said to have engineered a last-minute ban on Turkish observers of the election.
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[87][88]
Other notable Cypriot artists include Rhea Bailey, Mihail Kkasialos, Ioannis Kissonergis, Theodoulos Gregoriou, Helene Black, George Skoteinos, Kalopedis family, Nicos Nicolaides, Stass Paraskos, Arestís Stasí, Telemachos Kanthos, Konstantia Sofokleous and Chris Achilleos.

Music

The bouzouki, the mainstay of most Cypriot folk music.
.The traditional folk music of Cyprus has several common elements with Greek, Turkish, and Arabic music including Greco-Turkish dances such as the sousta, syrtos, zeibekikos, tatsia, and kartsilamas as well as the Middle Eastern-inspired tsifteteli and arapie.^ And to a much greater degree than Livaneli imagines, "Bliss" could well have been an Israeli book, perhaps a Middle Eastern book.
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^ For more than three decades the Greek Cypriot leadership, with their economic blockade against the Turkish Cypriots have been trying to strangle the North Cyprus state economically.
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^ Without such documentation the city's distinctive architecture, which has been influenced by Greek, Roman, Russian and Turkish cultures that have passed through the area, would be lost.
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.There is also a form of musical poetry known as chattista which is often performed at traditional feasts and celebrations.^ Only with by the generosity of the Catholic faithful are we able to continue forming, training and educating priests to celebrate the Traditional Mass according to the 1962 Missal.
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^ There was some waiting around as Hayko looked impatient after an initial run, the music taking a while to come on for the second performance.
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The instruments commonly associated with Cyprus folk music are the bouzouki (pictured), oud ("outi"), violin ("fkiolin"), lute ("laouto"), accordion, Cyprus flute ("pithkiavlin") and percussion (including the "toumperleki"). Composers associated with traditional Cypriot music include Evagoras Karageorgis, Marios Tokas, Solon Michaelides and Savvas Salides.
.Popular music in Cyprus is generally influenced by the Greek Laïka scene with several artists including Anna Vissi, Evridiki, and Sarbel earning widespread popularity in Cyprus, Greece and parts of the Middle East.^ The ancient Greek grapes might change wine history, as experts previously theorized grape wine-making could have first spread throughout the Middle East.
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^ In "Bliss," there is a comment on the "Oriental" music of the Middle East, which I decided to adopt from now on.
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^ And generally her repertoire included more than 500 musical compositions.
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Hip Hop, R&B and reggae are also very popular genres on the island and have been supported by the emergence of Cypriot rap and the urban music scene at Ayia Napa. Cypriot rock music and Éntekhno rock is often associated with artists such as Michalis Hatzigiannis and Alkinoos Ioannidis. Metal also has a small following in Cyprus represented by bands such as Winter's Verge and Quadraphonic.

Literature

.Literary production of the antiquity includes the Cypria, an epic poem, probably composed in the late seventh century BC and attributed to Stasinus.^ However, there was no agreement on what is regarded as the most important work, a third century BC Greek bronze attributed to Lysippos, sculptor to Alexander the Great.
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.The Cypria is one of the very first specimens of Greek and European poetry.^ Finally, a word must be said about our very active Armenian Studies Program Web site, one of the first, if not the first, of any academic program on campus.
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^ Although it is thought to be the very statue described by Pliny the Elder in the first century, other details have been lost to time, along with one arm.
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[89] The Cypriot Zeno of Citium was the founder of the Stoic philosophy. Epic poetry, notably the "acritic songs", flourished during Middle Ages. .Two chronicles, one written by Leontios Machairas and the other by Voustronios, refer to the period under French domination (15th century).^ In June [2007], two other exhibits will open in the south, one at Arles and the other again at Marseille, for which I have been helping out and writing.
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^ Instead, he opined that a board of Turkish and Armenian historians as well as French historians should be set up to investigate the allegations and the relations of the two nations throughout centuries.
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^ (In the event of taking on Summer School teaching, provision for research will be made by a block of time free from teaching in one of the two normal teaching periods).
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.Poèmes d'amour written in medieval Greek Cypriot date back from 16th century.^ Archaeologists believe the remains date back to the second or third century and have also discovered several near-complete pots.
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^ "Tree ring dating of a piece of the track by Earthworks has found that it dates back to medieval times."
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^ The original Samos Kouros dates back to 570BC and was discovered in 1980 on the Greek island of Samos.
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.Some of them are actual translations of poems written by Petrarch, Bembo, Ariosto and G. Sannazzaro.^ The original would have been written to be recited or declaimed aloud.” This led to almost a year of journeys creating the translation of some 26 odes.
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[90]
.Modern literary figures from Cyprus include the poet and writer Kostas Montis, poet Kyriakos Charalambides, poet Michalis Pasiardis, writer Nicos Nicolaides, Stylianos Atteshlis, Altheides, Loukis Akritas[91] and Demetris Th.^ A number of Armenian writers, literary critics and scholars will attend the event, giving speeches on the literary aspects of the Iranian poet's work.
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Gotsis. Dimitris Lipertis, Vasilis Michaelides and Pavlos Liasides are folk poets who wrote poems mainly in the Cypriot-Greek dialect[92][93]. .Lawrence Durrell lived in Northern Cyprus from 1952 until 26 August 1956 and wrote the book Bitter Lemons concerning his time there which won the second Duff Cooper Prize in 1957. The majority of the play Othello by William Shakespeare is set on the island of Cyprus.^ It was there that I wrote "The Black Book," my first major international success, in the 1980s.
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^ The Parks Prize Danielle loved Cyprus and had wonderful memories from when she was living at Cyprus American Archaeological Research Institute (CAARI) as a student working on digs and then as a scholar engaged in research.
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^ But graduation in January 1957 (it took me an extra semester because I had changed majors so many times) as the Korean War was ending, meant the Army.
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Cyprus also figures in religious literature such as the Acts of the Apostles according to which the Apostles Barnabas and Paul preached on the island.

Cuisine

Slices of fresh halloumi (hellim) cheese with mint leaves packed in the center.
.Halloumi or Hellim cheese originated in Cyprus[94][95] and was initially made during the Medieval Byzantine period,[96] subsequently gaining popularity throughout the Middle-East.^ The ancient Greek grapes might change wine history, as experts previously theorized grape wine-making could have first spread throughout the Middle East.
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^ The field school will focus on the use of domestic space throughout time, from the Late Iron Age through the Roman period to medieval times.
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^ During its ten years of activity ASALA killed 39 Turkish diplomats and politicians in Western Europe, in the United States and the Middle East.
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Halloumi (Hellim) is commonly served sliced, either fresh or grilled, as an appetiser.
Seafood and fish dishes of Cyprus include squid, octopus, red mullet, and sea bass. Cucumber and tomato are used widely in salads. .Common vegetable preparations include potatoes in olive oil and parsley, pickled cauliflower and beets, asparagus and kolokassi(gölevez).^ Perfumes are displayed in alabaster vials found in 2003 and are made of olive oil, pine, coriander, laurel, bergamot, parsley and bitter almonds, ANSA said.
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Other traditional delicacies of the island are meat marinated in dried coriander, seeds and wine, and eventually dried and smoked, such as lountza (smoked pork loin), charcoal-grilled lamb, souvlaki (pork and chicken cooked over charcoal), and sheftalia (minced meat wrapped in mesentery). Pourgouri (bulgur, cracked wheat) is the traditional carbohydrate other than bread, and is used to make the Cypriot delicacy koubes.
Fresh vegetables and fruits are common ingredients in Cypriot cuisine. Frequently used vegetables include courgettes, green peppers, okra, green beans, artichokes, carrots, tomatoes, cucumbers, lettuce and grape leaves, and pulses such as beans, broad beans, peas, black-eyed beans, chick-peas and lentils. .The commonest among fruits and nuts are pears, apples, grapes, oranges, mandarines, nectarines, mespila, blackberries, cherry, strawberries, figs, watermelon, melon, avocado, lemon, pistachio, almond, chestnut, walnut, hazelnut.^ "The inhabitants of Pompeii obviously didn't have fridges to preserve food, so walnuts, almonds and hazelnuts were all very common," she explained.
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.Cyprus is also well-known for its desserts, including lokum, also known as Turkish Delight.^ Danielle Parks Seen on various lists: Sherry Fox writes to inform us that Danielle Parks, well known for her studies on Cyprus, died 31 July, of leukemia.
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[97] This island has protected geographical indication (PGI) for its lokum produced in the village of Geroskipou.[98]

Sports

Governing bodies of sport in Cyprus include the Cyprus Automobile Association, Cyprus Badminton Federation,[99] Cyprus Basketball Federation, Cyprus Cricket Association, Cyprus Football Association, Cyprus Rugby Federation and the Cyprus Volleyball Federation. .Marcos Baghdatis is one of the most successful tennis players in international stage.^ The game will be running until there is only one person remaining or until March 29, when the player with the most "kills" wins.
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.He was a finalist at the Australian Open in 2006, and reached the Wimbledon semi-final in the same year.^ When it was finally opened years later, the liquid was discovered to be quite tasty, and Messrs Lea & Perrins (whose basement it was) marketed it very successfully.
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^ According to government data for the first quarter of this year, the exports were up by 25 percent from the same period in 2006, totaling $231 million.
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Also Kyriakos Ioannou a Cypriot high jumper born in Limassol achieved a jump of 2.35 m at the 11th IAAF World Championships in Athletics held in Osaka, Japan, in 2007 winning the bronze medal.
Football is by far the most popular spectator sport. Notable teams include APOEL Nicosia FC, Anorthosis Famagusta FC and AC Omonia are widely considered to be the three best teams in Cypriot football history. .APOEL being the first team to win 20 championship titles since 1926, and Anorthosis being the eldest club since 1911 which apart from its 13 championship titles was the pioneer for the biggest achievements of Cyprus football history in Europe as being the first Cypriot team qualified for the UEFA Champions League group stage in 2008. Other notable teams include:AEL Lemesos,Apollon FC, Aris Lemesos FC, Olympiakos Nicosia and Nea Salamina FC Famagusta.^ HINT| The First Olympics In Ancient Greece, many city-states staged athletic games, but history will always remember Olympia.
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^ The event will be organised for the first time in Cyprus, by the Department of History and Archaeology of the University of Cyprus.
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^ Scholars refer to Euphronios and his collaborators as "the Pioneers," a group of potters and painters regarded as among the first self-styled artistic schools in Western history.
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Stadiums or sports venues in Cyprus include the GSP Stadium (the largest in Cyprus), Tsirion Stadium, Makario Stadium, Antonis Papadopoulos Stadium, Ammochostos Stadium and Neo GSZ Stadium. The Cyprus Rally – which takes place in Lemesos – is also on the World Rally Championship sporting calendar.

Media

Newspapers include Kıbrıs Gazetesi, Kıbrıs Postası, Phileleftheros, Politis (Cyprus), Simerini, Cyprus Mail, the Cyprus Observer, Famagusta Gazette, Cyprus Today, Cyprus Weekly, Financial Mirror, Haravgi, Makhi and Kathimerini (in a special Cypriot edition). TV channels include ANT1 Cyprus, Bayrak TV, Kıbrıs Genç TV, Kanal T, Alfa TV, Cyprus Avrasya TV, CNC Plus TV, Akdeniz TV, Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation, Lumiere TV, Middle East Television, Kıbrıs Ada TV, Mega Channel Cyprus and Sigma TV.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Main roads of Cyprus
A1 Highway – Limassol
The Cyprus Government Railway ceased operation on the 31st December 1951, the remaining modes of transport are by road, sea, and air. Of the 10,663 km (6,626 mi) of roads in the Greek Cypriot area as of 1998, 6,249 km (3,883 mi) were paved, and 4,414 km (2,743 mi) were unpaved. As of 1996 the Turkish Cypriot area had a similar ratio of paved to unpaved, with approximately 1,370 km (850 mi) of paved road and 980 km (610 mi) unpaved. .Cyprus is one of only four EU nations in which vehicles drive on the left-hand side of the road, a remnant of British colonisation, the others being Ireland, Malta and the United Kingdom.^ They have also uncovered a gate, so far one side of it only, impressively constructed of finely dressed ashlar blocks, which is protected by a bastion.
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^ "It was hard for us to separate them after such a long time, being the one next to the other."
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^ U.N. associate spokesman Farhan Haq said Monday that the Turkish objection to the exhibit was not the only one, and other concerns had to be addressed before opening the exhibit.
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Number of licensed vehicles[100]
Vehicle Category 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Private vehicles 270,348 277,554 291,645 324,212 344,953
Taxis 1,641 1,559 1,696 1,770 1,845
Rental cars 8,080 8,509 9,160 9,652 8,336
Buses 3,003 2,997 3,275 3,199 3,217
Light trucks (lighter than 40 tonnes) 107,060 106,610 107,527 105,017 105,327
Heavy trucks (over 40 tonnes) 10,882 11,182 12,119 12,808 13,028
Motorcycles (2 wheels) 12,956 14,983 16,009 16,802 16,836
Motorcycles (3 wheels) 42 41 43 55 558
Scooters 28,987 25,252 25,464 24,539 22,987
TOTAL 442,999 448,687 466,938 498,054 517,087
In 1999, Cyprus had six heliports and two international airports: Larnaca International Airport and Paphos International Airport. .Nicosia International Airport has been closed since 1974 and although Ercan airport was still in use it was only for flights from Turkey.^ The 5,000-year old Hill is the largest man-made prehistoric monument in Europe, and its original purpose and use over the millennia since still mystifies archaeologists.
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.Since 2006 Ercan International Airport has been mentioned in talks between Britain, United States and the EU for direct flights, with the EU sanctioning the opening,[101] however International flights direct are still unavailable.^ Has Turkey not been permanently criticized by both of the European Union and the United States for limiting religious freedoms of non-Muslims during the AKP's governance since 2002?
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^ Despite all the friction, however, the concept of a unified South Caucasus region is still widely held in international politics.
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^ The diplomat was also said to have complained that of all major EU states having diplomatic missions in Yerevan, only Britain and Germany seriously care about Armenia’s democratization.
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Public transport in Cyprus is limited to privately run bus services (except in Nicosia), taxis, and 'shared' taxi services (referred to locally as service taxis). Per capita private car ownership is the 5th highest in the world. .In 2006 extensive plans were announced to improve and expand bus services and restructure public transport throughout Cyprus, with the financial backing of the European Union Development Bank.^ Back in December 2006, in an article that appeared in The Wall Street Journal, then-Defense Minister Sarksyan called on the European Union to become "increasingly involved in finding a way to a breakthrough for relations between Turkey and Armenia."
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^ He added the elections were the first since the European Union and Armenia signed the Neighborhood Policy Action Plan in 2006.
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^ The disclosed content of the conversation was hardly sensational, with Baghdasarian reportedly urging the European Union to express serious concern at what he described as government plans to rig the elections.
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The main harbours of the island are Limassol harbour and Larnaca harbour, which service cargo, passenger, and cruise ships.

Telecommunications

Cyta, the state-owned telecommunications company, manages most Telecommunications and Internet connections on the island. However, following the recent liberalisation of the sector, a few private telecommunications companies have emerged including MTN, Cablenet, TelePassport, OTEnet Telecom, Omega Telecomand PrimeTel.

International membership

International rankings

Organization Survey Ranking
State of World Liberty Project State of World Liberty Index[104] 9 out of 159
United Nations Development Programme Human Development Index 2006[105]
Human Development Index 2004[106]
Human Development Index 2000[106]
29 out of 177
29 out of 177
29 out of 177
The Economist Worldwide Quality-of-life Index, 2005[107] 23 out of 111
University of Leicester Satisfaction with Life Index[108] 49 out of 178
Heritage Foundation/Wall Street Journal Index of Economic Freedom[109] 20 out of 157
Reporters Without Borders Worldwide Press Freedom Index 2006[110]
Worldwide Press Freedom Index 2005[111]
30 out of 168
25(tied) out of 168
Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2006[112]
Corruption Perceptions Index 2005[113]
Corruption Perceptions Index 2004[114]
37 out of 163
37 out of 158
36 out of 145
World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report[115] 46 out of 125
International Monetary Fund GDP per capita[116] 31 out of 180
Yale University/Columbia University Environmental Sustainability Index 2005[117] not ranked
Nationmaster Labor strikes[118] not ranked
A.T. Kearney / Foreign Policy Globalisation Index 2006[119]
Globalisation Index 2005[120]
Globalisation Index 2004[121]

not ranked

See also

References

Notes
  1. ^ Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus: "The official languages of the Republic are Greek and Turkish" (Appendix D, Part 01, Article 3)
  2. ^ a b c "Cyprus". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cy.html. Retrieved 9 February 2010. 
  3. ^ "Total population as of 1 January". Eurostat. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/tgm/table.do?tab=table&language=en&pcode=tps00001&tableSelection=1&footnotes=yes&labeling=labels&plugin=1. Retrieved 2010-01-14. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Cyprus". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2009/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2006&ey=2009&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=423&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=68&pr.y=9. Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  5. ^ Human Development Report 2009. The United Nations. Retrieved 12 October 2009.
  6. ^ Fouskas, V. 2002. Eurasian gambles over Cyprus' European prospects. Turkish Yearbook of International Relations (ISSN: 0544-1943): Vol. 33, pp. 183–207; on p. 186: "[In analysing Cyprus within a wider geopolitical context, t]he requirement is to decipher the parameters and the linkages of the balance of power in the Eurasian region, and in its Near Eastern subregion, to which Cyprus belongs."
  7. ^ Cyprus is approximate to Anatolia (Asia Minor) (which comprises the bulk of Turkey) but it may be considered to be in Asia and/or Europe, which together constitute Eurasia.[1] The UN classification of world regions places Cyprus in Western Asia; [2]National Geographic also places Cyprus in Asia. Conversely, numerous sources place Cyprus in Europe such as the BBC [3] and www.worldatlas.com; it is also a member of the European Union. Additionally, sources may place Cyprus in the Middle East, e.g., the CIA World Factbook.[4]
  8. ^ Invest in Cyprus website – figures do not include tourism to the occupied North [5]
  9. ^ "World Economic Outlook Database October 2009—WEO Groups and Aggregates Information". International Monetary Fund. http://imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2009/02/weodata/groups.htm#ae. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 
  10. ^ "Data – Country Groups – High-income economies". World Bank. http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/DATASTATISTICS/0,,contentMDK:20421402~pagePK:64133150~piPK:64133175~theSitePK:239419,00.html#High_income. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 
  11. ^ "Human Development Report 2009 – HDI rankings". United Nations Development Programme. http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 
  12. ^ "The Non-Aligned Movement: Background Information". Non-Aligned Movement. 21 September 2001. http://www.nam.gov.za/background/background.htm#4. Retrieved 19 January 2010. 
  13. ^ "2000 – today: A decade of further expansion". Europa. European Union. http://europa.eu/abc/history/2000_today/index_en.htm. Retrieved 19 January 2010. 
  14. ^ a b "Stone Age wells found in Cyprus". BBC News. 2009-06-25. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/8118318.stm. Retrieved 2009-07-31. 
  15. ^ a b Wade, Nicholas, "Study Traces Cat's Ancestry to Middle East", The New York Times, June 29, 2007
  16. ^ a b Walton, Marsha (April 9, 2004). "Ancient burial looks like human and pet cat". CNN. http://edition.cnn.com/2004/TECH/science/04/08/cats.cyprus/index.html. Retrieved 2007-11-23. 
  17. ^ Cyprus, CIA World Factbook ; CIA Atlas of the Middle East (1993) (online edition)
  18. ^ Middle East Region, Xpeditions Altas, National Geographic
  19. ^ Middle East (region, Asia), Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  20. ^ Middle East Map, MSN Encarta
  21. ^ Cyprus date of independence (click on Historical review)
  22. ^ "U.S. Library of Congress – Country Studies – Cyprus – Intercommunal Violence". Countrystudies.us. 1963-12-21. http://countrystudies.us/cyprus/13.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  23. ^ a b Mallinson, William (June 30, 2005). Cyprus: A Modern History. I. B. Tauris. p. 81. ISBN 978-1850435808. http://books.google.com/books?id=HEjkuhF2GsMC&pg=PA81&dq=. 
  24. ^ "website". BBC News. 2002-10-04. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/2297653.stm. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  25. ^ "According to the United Nations Security Council Resolutions 550 and 541". Un.org. http://www.un.org/documents/sc/res/1984/scres84.htm. Retrieved 2009-03-27. 
  26. ^ Fisher, Fred H. Cyprus: Our New Colony And What We Know About It. London: George Routledge and Sons 1878, pp. 13–14.
  27. ^ Les îles des Princes, banlieue maritime d'Istanboul: guide touristique – Page 136 by Ernest Mamboury
  28. ^ Mithen, S. After the Ice: A Global Human History, 20000 BC – 5000 BC. Boston: Harvard University Press 2005, p.97. [6]
  29. ^ The earliest prehistory of Cyprus from colonization to exploitation, ed. Swiny, Stuart, American Schools of Oriental Research, 2001, In PDF
  30. ^ Simmons, A.H. Faunal extinction in an island society: pygmy hippopotamus hunters of Cyprus. New York: Springer 1999, p.15. [7]
  31. ^ Thomas, Carol G. & Conant, C.: The Trojan War, pages 121–122. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005. ISBN 031332526X, 9780313325267.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Library of Congress Country Studies. ''Cyprus''". Lcweb2.loc.gov. http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?frd/cstdy:@field%28DOCID+cy0013%29. Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  33. ^ Thomas, C.G., Conant, D. The Trojan War. Santa Barbara, CA, USA: Greenwood Publishing Group 2005. p.64. [8]
  34. ^ Encyclopedia of Freemasonry Part 1 and Its Kindred Sciences Comprising the Whole Range of Arts … – Page 25
  35. ^ Riddle, J.M. A History of the Middle Ages. Lanham, MD, USA: Rowman & Littlefield 2008. p. 326. [9]
  36. ^ a b c d Cyprus – OTTOMAN RULE, U.S. Library of Congress
  37. ^ Osmanli Nufusu 1830–1914 by Kemal Karpat, ISBN 975-333-169-X and Die Völker des Osmanischen by Ritter zur Helle von Samo.
  38. ^ Ertl, Alan W. (2008). Toward an Understanding of Europe: A Political Economic Précis of Continental Integration. Universal-Publishers. p. 418. ISBN 9781599429830. http://books.google.com/books?id=X9PGRaZt-zcC&dq=. 
  39. ^ Kourvetaris, George A. (1999). Studies on modern Greek society and politics. East European Monographs. p. 347. ISBN 9780880334327. http://books.google.com/books?lr=&hl=el&id=bE5oAAAAMAAJ&dq=cypriots%2B1950%2Benosis%2B90&q=90%25#search_anchor. 
  40. ^ Hoffmeister, Frank (2006). Legal aspects of the Cyprus problem: Annan Plan and EU accession. EMartinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 9. ISBN 9789004152236. http://books.google.com/books?id=LZXbg3ZwvGoC&dq=. 
  41. ^ Caesar V. Mavratsas, Politics, Social Memory, and Identity in Greek Cyprus since 1974, cyprus-conflict.net, http://www.cyprus-conflict.net/www.cyprus-conflict.net/mavratsas.html, retrieved 2007-10-13 
  42. ^ Hoffmeister, Frank (2006). Legal aspects of the Cyprus problem: Annan Plan and EU accession. EMartinus Nijhoff Publishers. pp. 17–20. ISBN 9789004152236. http://books.google.com/books?id=LZXbg3ZwvGoC&dq=. 
  43. ^ "BBC news". BBC News. 2004-04-24. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/10/newsid_3037000/3037898.stm. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  44. ^ Jacob M. Landau (1979). Johnson's 1964 letter to Inonu and Greek lobbying of the White House. Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Leonard Davis Institute for International Relations. 
  45. ^ Over 100 missing identified so far, Cyprus Mail, http://www.cyprus-mail.com/news/main.php?id=34064&cat_id=1, retrieved 2007-10-13 
  46. ^ Missing cause to get cash injection, Cyprus Mail, http://www.cyprus-mail.com/news/main.php?id=30795&cat_id=1, retrieved 2007-10-13 
  47. ^ Council of Europe. Documents (working papers) 1993. ISBN 9789287122629. http://books.google.com/books?id=_bF8n8DaQtoC&dq=. 
  48. ^ Chrysafi, A. C.. Who shall govern Cyprus – Brussels or Nicosia?. Evandia Publishing UK Limited. p. 112. ISBN 9781904578000. http://books.google.com/books?id=beVKwgOtME0C&dq=. 
  49. ^ Xinhua (2006-07-21). "About 11,500 people flee Lebanon to Cyprus". People's Daily Online. http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200607/21/eng20060721_285223.html. 
  50. ^ Greek Cypriots dismantle barrier, BBC News, 2007-03-09, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/6433045.stm, retrieved 2008-03-07 
  51. ^ Ledra Street crossing opens in Cyprus. Associated Press article published on International Herald Tribune Website, 3 April 2008
  52. ^ a b Quotation from 1965 in a report submitted by Cyprus in the framework of the Convention for the Protectino of Mational Minorities citing United Nations Secretary General Report S/6426, 10 June 1965
  53. ^ DotNetNuke. "Democratic Party (DH.KO) > Το Κόμμα > Διακήρυξη". Diko.org.cy. http://www.diko.org.cy/DesktopDefault.aspx?tabid=24. Retrieved 2009-01-06. 
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  75. ^ Drayton, Penny (January 1993). "Aphrodite's island". Wood & water 2 (41).  Cited by: Trubshaw, Bob (February 1993). "The Black Stone – the Omphalos of the Goddess". Mercian Mysteries (14). http://www.indigogroup.co.uk/edge/blstone.htm. Retrieved 2006-11-12. "In Cyprus is another highly venerated Islamic site – the third most important after Mecca and Medina – the Hala Sultan Tekke. This, too, has a black rock, said to have fallen as a meteorite as part of the tritholon over the shrine. The shrine is to a woman – the aunt and foster mother of Prophet Mohammed". 
  76. ^ Daniel, Geoff; John Oldfield, Christine Oldfield (2004). Landscapes of Cyprus. Sunflower. p. 36. ISBN 1856912299. 
  77. ^ The Story of Hala Sultan Tekke, University of Arizona: Center for Middle Eastern Studies, "The Mosque of Umm Haram is the chief Muslim shrine on the island of Cyprus and an important holy site for the entire Muslim world... The Hala Sultan Tekke is the third most revered site of pilgrimage in the Muslim world." Retrieved: 23-02-2009
  78. ^ Papalexandrou, Nassos. Hala Sultan Tekke, Cyprus: An Elusive Landscape of Sacredness in a Liminal Context, Journal of Modern Greek Studies, Volume 26, Number 2. John Hopkins University Press, (October 2008) pp. 251–281. "Der Parthog calls it the "third most holy space in Islam" (1995:222–223)"
  79. ^ "Hala Sultan Tekke: Where East Meets West". Issue 1. United Nations Development Programme. Spring 2006. http://www.undp-act.org/main/data/Articles/E-NEWSLETTER/IS1_story5.htm. Retrieved 2006-11-12. "Islam's third sacred holy site after the Ka'ba and the Prophet Mohammad's grave in Mecca, and among the greatest cultural heritage monuments of the world, Hala Sultan Tekke, or Umm Haram, has long been the destination of Muslim pilgrims from Cyprus and the Middle East." 
  80. ^ "Monuments: Hala Sultan Tekke". Republic of Cyprus, Ministry of Communications and Works; Department of Antiquities. 2005. http://www.mcw.gov.cy/mcw/DA/DA.nsf/All/18513FF955C9F917C225719900332619?OpenDocument. Retrieved 2006-03-06. "The Muslim mosque of Hala Sultan is located in the center of a spectacular garden at the west bank of the Salt Lake, about 6 km (3.73 mi) southwest of Larnaca. It is the main Muslim pilgrimage site of Cyprus and the third most important holy place of Islam." 
  81. ^ "The Tekke of Hala Sultan", A Virtual Reconstruction of the Hala Sultan Tekke
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  88. ^ "Manifesta no more". [11]. http://www.artnet.com/magazineus/news/zenakos/zenakos6-5-06.asp. 
  89. ^ "An indication that at least the main contents of the Cypria were known around 650 BCE is provided by the representation of the Judgment of Paris on the Chigi vase" (Burkert 1992:103). On the proto-Corinthian ewer of ca. 640 BCE known as the Chigi "vase", Paris is identified as Alexandros, as he was apparently called in Cypria.
  90. ^ Th. Siapkaras- Pitsillidés, Le Pétrarchisme en Cypre. Poèmes d' amour en dialecte Chypriote d' après un manuscript du XVIe siècle, Athènes 1975 (2ème édition)
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  92. ^ "Cyprus Stamp Issue: Cyprus Poets". http://www.philatelism.com/details.php?issueid=91. 
  93. ^ "Cyprus Stamp Issue: Centenary Birthday Anniversary of Poet Pavlos Liasides". http://www.philatelism.com/details.php?issueid=252. 
  94. ^ Robinson, R. K. – Tamime, A. Y. (1991). Feta and Related Cheeses. Woodhead Publishing. p. 144. ISBN 1855732785. "Halloumi is a semi-hard to hard, unripened cheese that, traditionally, is made from either sheep's milk or goat's milk or a mixture of the two. Although the cheese has its origins in Cyprus, it is widely popular throughout the Middle East, and hence many countries have now become involved with its manufacture." 
  95. ^ Murdoch Books Pty Limited (2005). Essential Mediterranean. Murdoch Books. p. 21. ISBN 1740455398. "HALOUMl Originating in Cyprus, this salty, semi-hard sheep's milk cheese is a popular table cheese" 
  96. ^ Goldstein, Darra – Merkle, Kathrin – Parasecoli, Fabio – Mennell, Stephen – Council of Europe (2005). Culinary cultures of Europe: identity, diversity and dialogue. Council of Europe. p. 121. ISBN 9287157448. "Most culinary innovations in the Cypriot cuisine occurred during the Byzantine era… Experimentation with dairy products resulted in the now-famous halloumi and feta cheese." 
  97. ^ "Cyprus villagers make giant sweet", BBC News, October 18, 2004
  98. ^ "Turks riled as Cyprus set to win EU trademark on Turkish Delight". International Herald Tribune. Associated Press. December 13, 2007. http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/12/13/europe/EU-GEN-Cyprus-Turkish-Delight.php. Retrieved 2007-12-14. 
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  103. ^ "European Commission – Enlargement: Archives Country Profiles". Ec.europa.eu. http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/archives/enlargement_process/past_enlargements/eu10/cyprus_en.htm. Retrieved 2009-01-06. 
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  107. ^ "Worldwide Quality of Life – 2005" (PDF). The Economist (www.economist.com). 2005. http://www.economist.com/media/pdf/QUALITY_OF_LIFE.pdf. Retrieved 2007-04-10. 
  108. ^ "A Global Projection of Subjective Well-being". www.le.ac.uk. http://www.le.ac.uk/users/aw57/world/sample.html. Retrieved 2007-12-07. 
  109. ^ "Index of Economic Freedom". Heritage Foundation & The WSJ. www.heritage.org. 2007. http://www.heritage.org/research/features/index/countries.cfm. Retrieved 2007-04-10. 
  110. ^ "North Korea, Turkmenistan, Eritrea the worst violators of press freedom". Reporters Without Borders. www.rsf.org. 2006. http://www.rsf.org/article.php3?id_article=19388. Retrieved 2007-04-10. 
  111. ^ "North Korea, Eritrea and Turkmenistan are the world's “black holes” for news". Reporters without Borders. www.ref.org. 2005. http://www.rsf.org/article.php3?id_article=15331. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  112. ^ "CPI Table". Transparency International. www.transparency.org. 2006. http://www.transparency.org/news_room/in_focus/cpi_2006/cpi_table. Retrieved 2007-04-10. 
  113. ^ "Transparency International's Annual Report 2005" (PDF). Transparency International. www.transparency.org. 2005. http://www.transparency.org/content/download/8101/51449/file/TIAR2005.pdf. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  114. ^ "Transparency International's Annual Report 2004" (PDF). 2004. http://www.transparency.org/content/download/2274/14262/file/TI%20Annual%20Report%202004.pdf. Retrieved 2006-04-28. 
  115. ^ "Global Competitiveness Report 2006-2007" (PDF). World Economic Forum. www.weforum.org. 2006. http://www.weforum.org/pdf/Global_Competitiveness_Reports/Reports/gcr_2006/gcr2006_rankings.pdf. Retrieved 2007-04-10. 
  116. ^ "Gross domestic product per capita, current prices". International Monetary Fund. http://imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2007/01/data/weorept.aspx?sy=2006&ey=2006&ssm=1&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=%2C&br=1&pr1.x=56&pr1.y=11&c=512%2C941%2C914%2C446%2C612%2C666%2C614%2C668%2C311%2C672%2C213%2C946%2C911%2C137%2C193%2C962%2C122%2C674%2C912%2C676%2C313%2C548%2C419%2C556%2C513%2C678%2C316%2C181%2C913%2C682%2C124%2C684%2C339%2C273%2C638%2C921%2C514%2C948%2C218%2C686%2C963%2C688%2C616%2C518%2C223%2C728%2C516%2C558%2C918%2C138%2C748%2C196%2C618%2C278%2C522%2C692%2C622%2C694%2C156%2C142%2C624%2C449%2C626%2C564%2C628%2C283%2C228%2C853%2C924%2C288%2C233%2C293%2C632%2C566%2C636%2C964%2C634%2C182%2C238%2C453%2C662%2C968%2C960%2C922%2C423%2C714%2C935%2C862%2C128%2C716%2C611%2C456%2C321%2C722%2C243%2C965%2C248%2C718%2C469%2C724%2C253%2C576%2C642%2C936%2C643%2C961%2C939%2C813%2C644%2C199%2C819%2C184%2C172%2C524%2C132%2C361%2C646%2C362%2C648%2C364%2C915%2C732%2C134%2C366%2C652%2C734%2C174%2C144%2C328%2C146%2C258%2C463%2C656%2C528%2C654%2C923%2C336%2C738%2C263%2C578%2C268%2C537%2C532%2C742%2C944%2C866%2C176%2C369%2C534%2C744%2C536%2C186%2C429%2C925%2C178%2C746%2C436%2C926%2C136%2C466%2C343%2C112%2C158%2C111%2C439%2C298%2C916%2C927%2C664%2C846%2C826%2C299%2C542%2C582%2C443%2C474%2C917%2C754%2C544%2C698&s=NGDPDPC&grp=0&a=#download. Retrieved 2007-05-04. 
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Further reading

  • Hitchens, Christopher (1997). Hostage to History: Cyprus from the Ottomans to Kissinger. Verso. ISBN 1-85984-189-9. 
  • Brewin, Christopher (2000). European Union and Cyprus. Eothen Press. ISBN 0-906719-24-0. 
  • Dods, Clement (ed.) (1999). Cyprus: The Need for New Perspectives. The Eothen Press. ISBN 0-906719-23-2. 
  • Durrell, Lawrence (1957). Bitter Lemons. Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571201-55-5. 
  • Faustmann, Hubert and Nicos Peristianis (2006). Britain and Cyprus: Colonialism and Post-Colonialism, 1878–2006. Bibliopolis. ISBN 978-3-93392-536-7. 
  • Gibbons, Harry Scott (1997). The Genocide Files. Charles Bravos Publishers. ISBN 0-9514464-2-8. 
  • Hannay, David (2005). Cyprus: The Search for a Solution. I.B. Tauris. ISBN 1-85043-665-7. 
  • Ker-Lindsay, James (2005). EU Accession and UN Peacemaking in Cyprus. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 1-4039-9690-3. 
  • Ker-Lindsay, James and Hubert Faustmann (2009). The Government and Politics of Cyprus. Peter Lang. ISBN 978-3-03911-096-4. 
  • Leventis Yiorghos, (2002). Cyprus: The Struggle for Self-Determination in the 1940s. Peter Lang. ISBN 3-631-38411-4. 
  • Leventis Yiorghos, Murata Sawayanagi Nanako, Hazama Yasushi (2008). Crossing Over Cyprus. .Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA) Tokyo University of Foreign Studies (TUFS).^ 'All that the Disk Encircles': The Changing Horizons of Egyptian Gods--Local, National, Foreign, and Universal OGDEN GOELET Associate Research Scholar of Middle Eastern Studies, NYU 11:45 a.m.
    • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The conference is generously supported by the British Academy, the Faculty of Arts and Humanities University of Durham, and the Institute of Advanced Study of the University of Durham ( www.dur.ac.uk/ias/ ).
    • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This interest in story and culture lead Martin to study Classics and Celtic languages in college.
    • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 978-4-86337-003-6.
     
  • Mirbagheri, Farid (1989). Cyprus and International Peacemaking. Hurst. ISBN 1-85065-354-2. 
  • Nicolet, Claude (2001). United States Policy Towards Cyprus, 1954–1974. Bibliopolis. ISBN 3-933925-20-7. 
  • Oberling, Pierre (1982). The Road to Bellapais. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-88033-000-7. 
  • O'Malley, Brendan and Ian Craig (1999). The Cyprus Conspiracy. I.B. Tauris. ISBN 1-86064-737-5. 
  • Palley, Claire (2005). An International Relations Debacle: The UN Secretary-General's Mission of Good Offices in Cyprus, 1999–2004. Hart Publishing. ISBN 1-84113-578-X. 
  • Papadakis, Yiannis (2005). Echoes from the Dead Zone: Across the Cyprus Divide. I.B. Tauris. ISBN 1-85043-428-X. 
  • Plumer, Aytug (2003). Cyprus, 1963–64: The Fateful Years. Cyrep (Lefkosa). ISBN 975-6912-18-9. 
  • Richmond, Oliver (1998). Mediating in Cyprus. Frank Cass. ISBN 0-7146-4431-5. 
  • Richmond, Oliver and James Ker-Lindsay (eds.) (2001). The Work of the UN in Cyprus: Promoting Peace and Development. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-91271-3. 
  • Tocci, Nathalie (2004). EU Accession Dynamics and Conflict Resolution: Catalysing Peace or Consolidating Partition in Cyprus?. Ashgate. ISBN 0-7546-4310-7. 
  • Anastasiou, Harry (2008). Broken Olive Branch: Nationalism Ethnic Conflict and the Quest for Peace in Cyprus. Syracuse University Press. ISBN 0815631960. 

External links

Government
Tourism
General information
Official publications
.

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Cyprus
Petra tou Romiou
Flag
Image:cy-flag.png
Quick Facts
Capital Nicosia
Government republic
Currency euro (€1 = 100 cents)
Area 9,250 sq km (of which 3,355 sq km are in the Turkish Cypriot area)
Population 784,301 (July 2006 est.)
Language Greek, Turkish, English
Religion Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, Maronite, Armenian Apostolic, and other 4%
Electricity 240V/50Hz (UK plug)
Calling Code +357
Internet TLD .cy
Time Zone UTC +2
.Cyprus (Greek Κυπρος, Turkish Kıbrıs, [1]) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey.^ Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 5:35 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 18:41 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Future events throughout the island will be highly influenced by the outcome of negotiations on the UN-sponsored agreement to unite the Greek and Turkish areas.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1974, a Greek Government-sponsored attempt to seize control of Cyprus was met by military intervention from Turkey, which soon controlled more than a third of the island.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 5:35 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After Sicily and Sardinia, Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.^ In 1974, a Greek Government-sponsored attempt to seize control of Cyprus was met by military intervention from Turkey, which soon controlled more than a third of the island.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 5:35 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 5:35 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 18:41 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most important Phoenician colony in the Western Mediterranean was at Carthage, in modern Tunisia, but they also established points along the Spanish coast and on the island of Sicily.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although the island lies close to the Middle East, it is considered to be a European country and is a member of the European Union.^ Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 5:35 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ NATO and the European Union, for example, use a single representative in dealing with all three countries as a whole.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A. Ayvazian said that if even that country becomes a member of European family, which, in political scientist's words, is improbable, it will use all possibilities given to it within the framework of that union to exert greater pressure upon Armenia.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

As the two regions are nearly completely separate from a traveller's point of view, this article will concentrate on the southern territory governed by the Republic of Cyprus. .This is not a political endorsement of claims by either side in the dispute. For travel information regarding North Cyprus, visit the Northern Cyprus article.^ For more information about this project visit www.earthwatch.org/expeditions/greenwood.html Note: Above are excerpts from the article.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Abstract: There is very little information regarding foreign language instruction of deaf students whose first language is either American Sign Language or English.
  • International Symposium: Programs: Session Details 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.rit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Visit the Cyprus Lawyers - A & G Kouzali Law Office Website Cyprus Law for legal information and advice on buying property in Cyprus.
  • Property in Cyprus Apartments Homes Property For Sale in Cyprus недвижимости на Кипре 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.propertycyprus.org.uk [Source type: News]

Understand

.Cyprus gained its independence from the United Kingdom in 1960. Despite a constitution which guaranteed a degree of power-sharing between the Greek Cypriot majority and the Turkish Cypriot minority, the two populations – with backing from the governments of Greece and Turkey, respectively – clashed vehemently in 1974, with the end result being the occupation of the northern and eastern 40% of the island by Turkey.^ August 1960; from December 1963, the Turkish Cypriots no longer participated in the government; negotiations to create the basis for a new or revised constitution to govern the island and for better relations between Greek and Turkish Cypriots have been held intermittently since the mid-1960s; in 1975, following the 1974 Turkish intervention, Turkish Cypriots created their own constitution and governing bodies within the "Turkish Federated State of Cyprus," which became the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" when the Turkish Cypriots declared their independence in 1983; a new constitution for the "TRNC" passed by referendum on 5 May 1985 .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 18:41 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ August 1960 (from UK); note - Turkish Cypriots proclaimed self-rule on 13 February 1975 and independence in 1983, but these proclamations are only recognized by Turkey .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 18:41 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cyprus is derived from the Greek word for copper) above two green crossed olive branches in the center of the flag; the branches symbolize the hope for peace and reconciliation between the Greek and Turkish communities note: the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" flag has a horizontal red stripe at the top and bottom between which is a red crescent and red star on a white field .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 18:41 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1983, the Turkish-held area declared itself the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus". So far, only Turkey recognizes the TRNC, while all other governments and the United Nations recognize only the government of the Republic of Cyprus over the whole island.^ U.S. hasn’t recognized Turkish Republic juridically so far .
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1983, the Turkish-held area declared itself the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus," but it is recognized only by Turkey.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 18:41 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 18:41 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1974, a Greek Government-sponsored attempt to seize control of Cyprus was met by military intervention from Turkey, which soon controlled more than a third of the island.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 18:41 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The UN operates a peacekeeping force and a narrow buffer zone between the two Cypriot ethnic groups.^ Cypriot Government and a Turkish-Cypriot community (north Cyprus); the 1,000-strong UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) has served in Cyprus since 1964 and maintains the buffer zone between north and south; on 1 May 2004, Cyprus entered the European Union still divided, with the EU's body of legislation and standards (acquis communitaire) suspended in the north; Turkey protests Cypriot Government creating hydrocarbon blocks and maritime boundary with Lebanon in March 2007 .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 5:35 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite the deployment of UN peacekeepers in 1964, sporadic intercommunal violence continued forcing most Turkish Cypriots into enclaves throughout the island.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 5:35 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 18:41 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ankara’s stubborn desire to force Armenia to abandon its position on the Armenian Genocide issue in exchange for normalization of relations cements tension between the two states.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Fortunately, open hostilities have been absent for some time, as the two sides (now with the growing involvement of the European Union) gradually inch towards a reunification of some sort.^ The senior European sides are all professionals and supported by their home unions to the tune of millions, even Greece give their national side, 300, 000 euros annually.
  • Cyprus Rugby Federation -latest news and announcements 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus-rugby.com [Source type: General]

^ But I remain convinced that Turkey's acceptance into the European Union would be beneficial for both sides.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is time now for some transparency in an effort to establish the treasure’s place of discovery.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Climate

.Temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters.^ Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 5:35 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 18:41 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cool during the summer and hot in the winter, the cave attracts the attention of both local teenagers and tourists.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Terrain

Central plain with mountains to north and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast.

Regions

Cyprus is divided into 6 administrative regions, each named for its administrative capital. .Since 1974, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus administers the whole of Kyrenia district, most of Famagusta district, and the northern portion of Nicosia district.^ The entire island entered the EU on 1 May 2004, although the EU acquis - the body of common rights and obligations - applies only to the areas under direct Republic of Cyprus control, and is suspended in the areas administered by Turkish Cypriots.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 18:41 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Turkish Cypriot economy grew 2.6% in 2004, fueled by growth in the construction and education sectors as well as increased employment of Turkish Cypriots in the Republic of Cyprus.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 18:41 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Republic of Cyprus conventional short form: Cyprus local long form: Kypriaki Dimokratia/Kibris Cumhuriyeti local short form: Kypros/Kibris note: the Turkish Cypriot community, which administers the northern part of the island, refers to itself as the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" ("TRNC") .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 5:35 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Republic of Cyprus administers the following districts:
Famagusta district
Larnaca district
Limassol district
Nicosia district
Paphos district

Cities

.Note that Cypriot cities have a variety of historical spellings and writings, all in fairly common use, and which change according to the context, whether it be Greek Cypriot, Turkish or English tourist.^ Tensions between the Greek Cypriot majority and Turkish Cypriot minority came to a head in December 1963, when violence broke out in the capital of Nicosia.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 5:35 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 18:41 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Famagusta, Kyrenia, Larnaca, Limassol, Nicosia, Paphos; note - Turkish Cypriot area's administrative divisions include Kyrenia, all but a small part of Famagusta, and small parts of Nicosia (Lefkosia) .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 5:35 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ IDPs: 265,000 (both Turkish and Greek Cypriots; many displaced for over 30 years) (2005) .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Cyprus 18 September 2009 18:41 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The following list emphasizes traditional English spellings, that will most often be encountered by the traveller.
  • Akamas Peninsula
  • Ayia Napa - in the far east of the Republic, considered by many to be the main party town of Cyprus
  • Troodos Mountains
  • Lefkara The Lace village,in the foothills of the Troodos Mountains, a charming little town with lots of character, in the heart of Cyprus.

Get in

Cyprus is a member of the Schengen Agreement but has not yet fully implemented it. For EU, EEA (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway) or Swiss citizens an officially approved ID card (or a passport) is sufficient for entry. In no case will they need a visa for a stay of any length. Others will generally need a passport for entry.
.Travel to/from any other country (Schengen or not) from/to Cyprus will (as of now) result in the normal border checks.^ The group of 30 players includes 10 new players who will travel from other countries to play.
  • Cyprus Rugby Federation -latest news and announcements 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus-rugby.com [Source type: General]

^ Danielle wanted us to establish a prize that would give other students the same opportunities to travel to Cyprus that she had.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Inquire at your travel agent, call the local consulate or embassy of Cyprus.^ All travelers will need a passport valid for at least 90 days following your departure date from Cyprus.
  • Cyprus Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Cypriot Visas Online. 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Your donation will help fund travel and living expenses for future archaeologists working in Cyprus.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Steps that you can take: Check the current validity of your passport and the availability of blank visa pages All travelers will need a valid passport for their travels to Cyprus.
  • Cyprus Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Cypriot Visas Online. 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The visa list is already consistent with those of the Schengen countries fully implementing the agreement.
.As of January 2010 only the citizens of the following non-EU/EEA/Swiss countries do not need a visa for entry into the Schengen Area; note that they must not stay longer than three months in half a year and must not work while in the EU: Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Brazil, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Japan, Macedonia*, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Montenegro*, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Saint Kitts and Nevis, San Marino, Serbia*/**, Seychelles, Singapore, South Korea, United States, Uruguay, Vatican City, Venezuela, additionally persons holding British National (Overseas), Hong Kong SAR or Macau SAR passports.^ Saint Kitts Nevis visa .
  • Cyprus Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Cypriot Visas Online. 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ New Zealand visa .
  • Cyprus Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Cypriot Visas Online. 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Antigua Barbuda visa .
  • Cyprus Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Cypriot Visas Online. 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Note that
  • while British subjects with the right of abode in the United Kingdom and British Overseas Territories citizens connected to Gibraltar are considered "United Kingdom nationals for European Union purposes" and therefore eligible for unlimited access to the Schengen Area,
  • British Overseas Territories citizens without the right of abode in the United Kingdom and British subjects without the right of abode in the United Kingdom as well as British Overseas citizens and British protected persons in general do require visas.
.However, all British Overseas Territories citizens except those solely connected to the Cyprus Sovereign Base Areas are eligible for British citizenship and thereafter unlimited access to the Schengen Area.^ He will be working very closely with the captain of the side, Jonathan Pettemerides, who is based in the UK, and he will be conducting frequent training sessions both here and in the UK to assess all players eligible to play for Cyprus.
  • Cyprus Rugby Federation -latest news and announcements 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus-rugby.com [Source type: General]

^ Check with your airline in case you have connecting flights overseas as part of your journey to Cyprus.
  • Cyprus Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Cypriot Visas Online. 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Based on the media articles, the largest percentage of crimes in Cyprus comprise those committed against strangers and acquaintances.
  • Olga Tsoudis, THE PORTRAYAL OF CRIME IN THE CYPRIOT MEDIA: 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC wcr.sonoma.edu [Source type: Academic]

Further note that
(*) Macedonian, Montenegrin and Serbian citizens need a biometric passport to enjoy visa-free travel and
.(**) Serbian citizens with passports issued by the Serbian Coordination Directorate (Serbs residing in Kosovo) still do need a visa.^ Also, the passport must contain un-used visa pages for the visa to be issued.
  • Cyprus Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Cypriot Visas Online. 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Steps that you can take: Check the current validity of your passport and the availability of blank visa pages All travelers will need a valid passport for their travels to Cyprus.
  • Cyprus Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Cypriot Visas Online. 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

By plane

Cyprus' main airport is Larnaca International Airport (LCA) and is on the outskirts of Larnaka.
The previous main international airport located SW of Nicosia is now located on the Green Line separating the Greek and Turkish parts of Cyprus - it has been out of use since 1974.
.Cyprus is serviced by a variety of different carriers, the main one being the Cypriot Cyprus Airways.^ One of the many Cyprus stars, Tony Crassos, sustained a wrist injury in the dying minutes of the match that, in the main, had not kept the physios too busy.
  • Cyprus Rugby Federation -latest news and announcements 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus-rugby.com [Source type: General]

^ One of the main supporters of rugby in Cyprus is Akis Socarophou, of L.T.V. and it hoped that they will cover the highlights.
  • Cyprus Rugby Federation -latest news and announcements 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus-rugby.com [Source type: General]

^ They are also proud to be one of the first wineries in Cyprus to have its vineyards and wines organically certified by Lacon and to carry the Bio-Siegel on its organic wine labels.
  • Cyprus Rugby Federation -latest news and announcements 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus-rugby.com [Source type: General]

There are flight connections with most major European towns, e.g. .London, Birmingham, Manchester, Frankfurt, Paris, Amsterdam, Rome, Milan) and many Eastern European countries.^ For members from Central and Eastern European countries, a very limited number of travel grants will be available through the Thomassen Fund.
  • Culturelink Network - International Meetings and Conferences 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.culturelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Unfortunately almost all non-Cyprus Airways scheduled flights arrive and depart in the middle of the night (2/3 o'clock).^ The Cyprus Rugby Federation International Players and Head Coach briefly met Mr. Demetris Christofias, President of the Republic of Cyprus on board the Cyprus Airways Flight to London.
  • Cyprus Rugby Federation -latest news and announcements 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus-rugby.com [Source type: General]

There are also connections to almost all Middle Eastern capitals. There are no flights to Turkey from the south.
There are also charter flights to the western airport of Paphos.

By boat

Occasional ferries connect Cyprus to Greece. .Services to Israel and Egypt have been terminated for time being, however there are 2 and 3 day cruises running in the summer months from about April to October.^ For the first time since April 8, 1974, there's a name other than Henry Aaron atop the all-time home run list.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Translation As far as what I know from a long time ago, like the time there was fighting I can remember a lot about that time because a long time ago, there was...At that time there was a person named Inkimis.
  • Popular listings :: lingua resources, language schools, dictionaries 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.ezydictionary.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ THE SECRET LIFE OF p 1 THERE'S some controversy over the exact time celebrations of p day should begin.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These mini cruises also run to Syria, Lebanon, Rhodes, the Greek Islands, The black Sea and The Adriatic.^ The Institute for Exploration and the Institute for Archaeological Oceanography at the University of Rhode Island's Graduate School of Oceanography are leading the mission, which will conduct geological and archaeological research in the Aegean and Black Seas--waterways that have served as major trade routes for centuries.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The ferry service from Greece runs from Piraeus, Rhodes and Ayios Nikolaos in Crete to Limassol. .See the itinerary here: You may also catch a freighter from Italy, Portugal, Southampton and various other European ports.^ Cyprus will be competing with the very best European sides, including England , France , Ireland , Scotland , Italy and all other European rugby playing nations.
  • Cyprus Rugby Federation -latest news and announcements 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus-rugby.com [Source type: General]

^ It is a good thing to trust what you want when you look in the mirror and are willing to accept what you see--the literal mirror, and the mirror that other people present to us.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you look for a couple seconds longer, you may see a little starry point right next to Mizar.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.See Grimaldi Freighter Cruises providing you with the opportunity to bring a vehicle to Cyprus throughout the year.^ This offers opportunities to participate in World Cup play-offs and see Cyprus performing on the big rugby stage.
  • Cyprus Rugby Federation -latest news and announcements 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus-rugby.com [Source type: General]

There is a regular ferry service from Turkey, connecting Taşucu to Girne (north of Nicosia) .

Travelling to and from the north

.Prior to Cyprus's accession to European Union, evidence of entry to Northern Cyprus resulted in denial of entry to the Greek part of Cyprus at the very least.^ Cyprus will be competing with the very best European sides, including England , France , Ireland , Scotland , Italy and all other European rugby playing nations.
  • Cyprus Rugby Federation -latest news and announcements 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus-rugby.com [Source type: General]

^ The European Union's decision to break this economic blockade has already been obstructed by the Greek Cypriot leadership in the south.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The European Union has just ratified a law “banning incitement to or denial of genocide” (arguably including both the Holocaust and the Armenian genocide).
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

After the accession and according to EU legislation that considers Cyprus to have been admitted in full an entry to the Turkish part is formally an entry to whole Cyprus and must therefore not result in any disadvantage to travellers from the EU. Travellers from non-EU member states (as, for instance, Turkish citizens) must enter the island via one of the legal entry points (i.e. entry points in the Southern part of the island) in order to visit the Southern part.
.The Cyprus embassy in Washington on the phone (June 2006) when asked if the border is open to U.S. citizens, didn't give a 'No', but said that they recommend entering from the "legal" points in the Greek side.^ May 2007 The New Anatolia / Ankara After Armenia denied entry to Turkish election observers on the weekend an Armenian official said Turkey was not eligible for that task because it didn't start diplomatic relations and didn't open its border with Armenia.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They killed people for complaining, working too slowly, often for no reason at all,” he said.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Cyprus national side, or the ''Mouflons'' as they have become known, named after the national animal of Cyprus , were more determined and right from the start set about the powerful Greek side.
  • Cyprus Rugby Federation -latest news and announcements 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus-rugby.com [Source type: General]

Different entities and web pages claim different things. .In June 2006, 4 U.S. passport holders (the writers herein) took a boat from Turkey to Northern Cyprus.^ In contrast, the northern side of Cyprus, occupied by Turkey, has not been as successful in its development (Keefe and Solsten 1993; Kondonassis and Yesilada 1993).
  • Olga Tsoudis, THE PORTRAYAL OF CRIME IN THE CYPRIOT MEDIA: 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC wcr.sonoma.edu [Source type: Academic]

.On the boat there were other casual travelers planning to cross the border to take a flight back home.^ For the first time since April 8, 1974, there's a name other than Henry Aaron atop the all-time home run list.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For the first time, the people who spend their summers in Bodrum plan to return back to their home towns on July 20-21 just to be able to vote.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ March, the men of Cyprus take on the international might of that other venerable home of the oval ball; Greece.
  • Cyprus Rugby Federation -latest news and announcements 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus-rugby.com [Source type: General]

We were needing to get to Limassol to catch another boat. The local who gave us a ride to Ledra Palace thought we wouldn't be able to cross. The person at the gate told him that it is ok. We passed with no problems, noticing the sand bags and bullet holes on the deserted buildings. .The Greek side let us in without stamping our passports and no questioning.^ It is time for our politicians to acknowledge that serious historians have confirmed this historical writing and that there is no reason to question their conclusion.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Let us remind our respected European colleagues that we, the Armenians have already passed through this as opposed to Europe.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Let us take a brief look at Greek thought.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Limassol the woman in the passport control made a little fuss about entering from the north, but after a few minutes we got our passports back and boarded.^ The Cypriot forwards kept a tight control in the loose, and our very fast three quarter line was for ever searching for the weaknesses in the opposing back line.
  • Cyprus Rugby Federation -latest news and announcements 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus-rugby.com [Source type: General]

I am not sure what this means... it is possible that .Greek side won't let us in in the future.^ Let us take a brief look at Greek thought.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.You don't have problem entering from the check points from south to north and vice versa.The only problem is that the Turkish side in the north wants to stamp the passports , as it is like you are entering a different country.^ If you don't believe me, check out the cover of his album, Rocking In Latin.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I don't know, but in our own culture, trusting what you want is often criticized.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You Israelis, too, don't want to be pressured to recognize the Palestinians' right of return."
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The only country that is recognised by the UN is the Republic of Cyprus. .The "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" is only recognised by Turkey , which actually controls the northern territory of Cyprus.^ Similarly, even though Turkey’s interest in the Turkish presence on Cyprus is great, it has diplomatic relations with Greece.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Furthermore, provision 16 of the agreement reads, “Turkey renounces its claims to territories which are not marked by the Lausanne peaceful agreement as Turkish.” Actually, the Lausanne agreement had restored the Sevr (Sevres) treaty,” the Armenian diplomat said.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In contrast, the northern side of Cyprus, occupied by Turkey, has not been as successful in its development (Keefe and Solsten 1993; Kondonassis and Yesilada 1993).
  • Olga Tsoudis, THE PORTRAYAL OF CRIME IN THE CYPRIOT MEDIA: 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC wcr.sonoma.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Update: As of October 2007, We (two Canadian passport holders) travelled from Tasucu, Turkey to Larnaca, Cyprus in the south.^ We recommend that you have at least two free pages in Visas section of your passport before any international travel.
  • Cyprus Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Cypriot Visas Online. 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All travelers will need a passport valid for at least 90 days following your departure date from Cyprus.
  • Cyprus Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Cypriot Visas Online. 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In June [2007], two other exhibits will open in the south, one at Arles and the other again at Marseille, for which I have been helping out and writing.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The plan was to travel to Israel which necessitated our cross from the North to South in Cyprus. While our internet research suggested that we could catch a bus, we were advised by taxi drivers at Larnaca that this was not possible. In the end, we took a taxi from Larnaca to Limassol. This took approximately 1 1/2 hours and cost 90 Cyprus pounds. Our taxi driver advised us that it could have cost up to 120 Cyprus pounds.
.Our real concern was whether we would be allowed to board to boat from Limassol to Haifa, Israel.^ "Our museums are chocka and we are really pushed for space so we would probably leave it in the ground for future generations," she said.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is possible to take a boat on Louis Cruise lines which offers a 3 day cruise to "the Holy Land" that lands in Haifa. .It is also possible to take this cruise one way for 178 Cyprus pounds for two people.^ "And I believe we will surprise one or two people."
  • Cyprus Rugby Federation -latest news and announcements 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus-rugby.com [Source type: General]

^ When does taking a stand make it possible for people to thrive?
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (In the event of taking on Summer School teaching, provision for research will be made by a block of time free from teaching in one of the two normal teaching periods).
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

At Limassol, the woman at passport control was a bit confused and went into the back office but we were allowed to board the boat with no trouble and little fanfair. This is, of course, subject to change. .There is no need to have the stamp in Northern Cyprus on a separate piece of paper instead of your passport as you will need to advise passport control in the south how you got into the country.^ Check with your airline in case you have connecting flights overseas as part of your journey to Cyprus.
  • Cyprus Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Cypriot Visas Online. 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It may be the case that countries you pass through en route to your destination may require a separate transit visa.
  • Cyprus Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Cypriot Visas Online. 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And there is no small print, there is nothing saying that countries can select their observers."
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The main crossings between the south and north are:
.
  • Astromerits/Zodhia (by car only)
  • Agios Dometios/Kermia/Metehan
  • Ledra Palace (by foot only) - the oldest crossing, just outside the walls of old Nicosia to the west of the city
  • Pergamos/Beyarmudu
  • Strovilia near Agios Nikolaos - located at the eastern part of the island
  • Ledras Str.^ FOOT FIGURE DISCOVERED IN SAGALASSOS Moreover, a foot figure was discovered during the excavations carried out in Sagalassos ancient city located near Aglasun town of southwestern city of Burdur.
    • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    - the new crossing opened in 2008. Located at the old "dead-end" of the most popular street of Nicosia.

Get around

Public transportation in Cyprus is surprisingly poor, and most Cypriots drive. There are no railways in Cyprus.

By bus

As of July 2005 Cyprus' on-again, off-again intercity bus services appear to be running again. Enquire locally. It will cost CYP 0.80 for few KM ride and frequency is 30 minutes to 1 hour in limassol city.

By shared taxi

Services run every half-hour or so from 6 or 7 in the morning, but terminate at 5 or 6 PM on the dot. .You can book a taxi to pick you up anywhere and ask to be dropped off anywhere in city limits; the flip side is that it will often take you longer to get in or out of the city than the journey itself!^ Or so it seems one moonless night when a taxi driver drops me on an empty stretch of the Via Appia Antica, the ancient Appian Way, points grimly down a muddy side alley and speeds off into the fog.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "It has implications for the development of Christianity in Ireland, which takes longer than if Patrick comes in the 5th century," Melia said.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was asked, 'Can you put up 600 soldiers in your homes?'
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Figure on £4-6 for a taxi ride on any of these, with an increased price on Sundays and holidays. Also known as a service taxi.

By car

Car hire is the easiest (but the most expensive) way to get around the island. Cypriots drive on the left side of the road, in keeping with British and British Commonwealth practice. However, driving standards are poor. Drivers attack their art with an equal mix of aggressiveness and incompetence and view road rules as mere guidelines. .Some main roads do not even have road markings and people often sound their horn, especially in Nicosia.^ Some of the assimilated people don't even remember what nationality they belonged to.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If not now, when?” The ceremony ended with Kushner sounded the shofar, a horn used in Jewish religious ceremonies to call people together and sound warnings.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even with the twangy electric guitars and heavy horns, the Latin lyrics are jarring and some might say Ammondt is not a born crooner.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Take care when crossing the roads, and even greater care when driving on them.
.
  • the many archaeological and antiquities sites scattered around the island, dating from the New Stone Age through to the Roman Empire
  • the beautiful coastline of the island - still quite unspoilt in many places - is well worth exploring
  • Nicosia, the capital as it has a wealth of history, preserved Venetian walls surrounding the city, some wonderful bars and restaurants within the old walls of the city and of course the 'green line' - the dividing line with the Turkish part of Cyprus, which cuts through the centre of Nicosia, now the only divided capital
  • the Troodos mountains, rising as high as 1952 metres, offering some beautiful trail walks and also quaint little villages such as Kakopetria, Platres and Phini.^ While the island has been a target of foreign invasions throughout history, Greek culture has continuously been preserved through the Greek language and Cypriot dialect, traditions, and customs (Peristiany 1966; Speros Basil Vryonis Center for Study of Hellenism 1999).
    • Olga Tsoudis, THE PORTRAYAL OF CRIME IN THE CYPRIOT MEDIA: 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC wcr.sonoma.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ He had a sushi restaurant in mind, and I naively said that I'd be fine with some simple Turkish food.
    • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Towering walls of flame have cut a swathe of destruction through the southern Peloponnese and the island of Evia near the capital and swept across other regions, prompting Greece to declare a nationwide state of emergency on Saturday.
    • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    In winter there is the chance to ski there and the ski resort is being developed
Hamam Omerye, Nicosia
.
Hamam Omerye, Nicosia
  • Hamam Omerye in Nicosia, Cyprus is a 14th Century building restored to operate once again as a hammam for all to enjoy, relax and rejuvinate - it is indeed a place to rest.^ Once all the necessary documents are in place with KOA, the application thereafter to join the CRF is a mere formality of filling some forms.
    • Cyprus Rugby Federation -latest news and announcements 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus-rugby.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Bringing together different territories of knowledge, a dialogue will take place in a relaxed environment that encourages all participants to contribute to an open debate.
    • Culturelink Network - International Meetings and Conferences 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.culturelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Dating back to French rule and located in the heart of Nicosia's old town is Hamam Omerye - a true working example of Cyprus' rich culture and diversity, stone struggle, yet sense of freedom and flexibility.^ We offer opportunities to work in many collaborative programs, including Aboriginal, Canadian, environmental, ethno-cultural, sexual diversity, gender and women's studies.
    • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Christophias praised the important role the 80-year-old school played in Cyprus society and culture.
    • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The site's history dates back to the 14th century, when it stood as an Augustinian church of St. Mary. .Stone-built, with small domes, it is chronologically placed at around the time of Frankish and Venetian rule, approximately the same time that the city acquired its Venetian Walls.^ The boy, identified as Robert Simonian, reportedly went missing at around the same time.
    • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Found at the same time was a small 20-carat gold dagger from 3,000BC that is "still so sharp you can shave with it."
    • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ For the first time, at a small hilltop called Alesia in what is now central France, all Caesars's enemies were gathered in one place.
    • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    In 1571, Mustapha Pasha converted the church into a mosque, believing that this particular spot is where the prophet Omer rested during his visit to Lefkosia. Most of the original building was destroyed by Ottoman artillery, although the door of the main entrance still belongs to the 14th century Lusignan building, whilst remains of a later Renaissance phase can be seen at the north-eastern side of the monument. .In 2003, the [EU] funded a bi-communal UNDP/UNOPS project, "Partnership for the Future", in collaboration with Nicosia Municipality and Nicosia Master Plan, to restore the Hamam Omerye Bath, revitalising its spirit and sustaining its historical essence.^ The organizer's vision is to establish such a network within the conference and the EC-project to strengthen the awareness in the development community about the role of culture and the impact of cultural projects on sustainable development.
    • Culturelink Network - International Meetings and Conferences 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.culturelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This year's conference will focus on planning for sustainable cultural spaces, community collaborations and partnerships, building community identity and pride, engagement strategies and much more.
    • Culturelink Network - International Meetings and Conferences 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.culturelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The event will bring together municipal cultural planning and development staff from communities across Canada for professional development sessions, dialogue, keynote speakers, and networking opportunities.
    • Culturelink Network - International Meetings and Conferences 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.culturelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The hamam is still in use today and after its recent restoration project, it has become a favourite place for relaxation in Lefkosia.^ The project, now in its seventh year, uses grapes from the restored vineyard at the House of the Fountain.
    • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    In 2006 it received the Europa Nostra prize for the Conservation of Architectural Heritage.

Talk

.The official languages of Cyprus are Greek and Turkish.^ Although Cyprus has been studied extensively with respect to Greek-Turkish relations, other facets of Cypriot society have not been explored.
  • Olga Tsoudis, THE PORTRAYAL OF CRIME IN THE CYPRIOT MEDIA: 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC wcr.sonoma.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ For more than three decades the Greek Cypriot leadership, with their economic blockade against the Turkish Cypriots have been trying to strangle the North Cyprus state economically.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has ten Greek-language newspapers and one English-language daily newspaper, in addition to five weekly newspapers (Laipson 1993; Cyprus Government 1999).
  • Olga Tsoudis, THE PORTRAYAL OF CRIME IN THE CYPRIOT MEDIA: 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC wcr.sonoma.edu [Source type: Academic]

English is very widely spoken by locals of all ages thanks to previous British rule. Other common languages spoken on the island are French, German and Russian

Buy

Since 2008, the official currency of Cyprus is the euro (€). If you have any old Cypriot pounds lying around, the Central Bank of Cyprus in Nicosia will exchange them at a rate of CYP 0.585274 per €1 until 2017.
.
  • Cypriot wine - the iconic local variety known as Commandaria is strong, sweet and somewhat akin to Porto wine
  • Lacework of an intricate nature - from the village of Lefkara.
  • Zivania - is a strong spirit based alcoholic drink
  • Leather goods such as shoes and handbags
  • Jewellery
  • Cypriot meze (appetizers akin to Spanish tapas) are an art form, and some restaurant serve nothing but.^ The loss will take some of the shine off the Getty, and the local art scene.
    • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It was in 2003 /4 that 3 local Cypriot teams based in Paphos, Limassol and Nicosia were formed, spurned on by the enthusiasm and energy of Cypriot ex patriots from South Africa, The UK and other major playing countries.
    • Cyprus Rugby Federation -latest news and announcements 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus-rugby.com [Source type: General]

    .Meze are available in a meat variety or fish variety but quite often come as a mixed batch, which is rather pleasing.
  • Halloumi (Χαλλουμι) is a uniquely Cypriot cheese, made from a mix of cow's and sheep's milk.^ Would you, however, be quite as interested in garum, a fish sauce that the ancient Romans adored, and which was made of fermented fish entrails?
    • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Hard and salty when raw, it mellows and softens when cooked and is hence often served grilled.
  • Taramosalata is traditionally made out of taramas, the salted roe of the cod or carp. The roe is either mixed with bread crumbs or mashed potatoes. Parsley, onion, lemon juice, olive oil and vinegar are added and it is seasoned with salt and pepper.
  • Tahini

Sleep

.There are countless hotels and hotel apartments of varying degrees of luxury within Cyprus.^ Star Hotels Cyprus 3 Star Hotels Cyprus 4 Star Hotels Cyprus 5 Star Hotels Cyprus Cyprus All Inclusive Hotels Cyprus Self Catering Family Friendly Hotels in Cyprus Cyprus Apartments Cyprus Hotels Useful Links .
  • Cyprus holidays | Cheap holidays to Cyprus | Low Cost Holidays 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.lowcostholidays.com [Source type: General]

Some of the hotels are: Holiday Inn, Four Seasons, Le Meridien, Hilton, Elias Beach Hotel. .Alternative self-catering accommodation is offered in restored traditional houses in picturesque villages all over Cyprus through the government Agrotourism initiative.^ Kaimar Consulting offer Cyprus property for sale in Limassol and the surrounding villages.
  • Property in Cyprus Apartments Homes Property For Sale in Cyprus недвижимости на Кипре 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.propertycyprus.org.uk [Source type: News]

^ This resource will offer detailed information on buying properties in Cyprus houses for sale database for listings Cyprus property sales, homes in Cyprus property developer.
  • Property in Cyprus Apartments Homes Property For Sale in Cyprus недвижимости на Кипре 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.propertycyprus.org.uk [Source type: News]

^ Although Cyprus appears relatively drug-free, the government is still concerned about the importation of drugs, especially through tourism.
  • Olga Tsoudis, THE PORTRAYAL OF CRIME IN THE CYPRIOT MEDIA: 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC wcr.sonoma.edu [Source type: Academic]

Work

.Cyprus' climate and natural advantages mean that there is always a steady supply of travellers seeking employment and residency on the island.^ There is even a part that, no offense intended, the members of which have assigned the duty of looking after their interests to the military for years, instead of seeking their rights by democratic means.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Perhaps the biggest change that has occurred in recent years has been the accession of southern Cyprus to the European Union on 1 May 2004, opening up new employment opportunities for European citizens.^ Author Orhan Pamuk, 54, discusses his career leading up to the Nobel Prize for Literature, the new Turkish nationalism and his country's difficult path to the European Union.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Last week the European Union approved a framework decision aimed at criminalizing denial of the Holocaust and other genocides following six years of intense debate.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Moshe Arditi, vice chair of the pediatrics department at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, said he is pleased by "the recent movement toward an opening up in Turkey."
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The burgeoning Cypriot tourism industry, however, means that there is a huge seasonal demand for temporary workers of most nationalities during the summer months, with a definite preference for English-speaking workers in order to service the very large numbers of British tourists.^ The data indicate that foreigners are portrayed more negatively than the Cypriot; there is a significant mean difference in portrayal of offender by Cypriot or a foreigner status ( F= 4.113, p < .05; data not shown).
  • Olga Tsoudis, THE PORTRAYAL OF CRIME IN THE CYPRIOT MEDIA: 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC wcr.sonoma.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ [Our Lord=Jesus] One of the mosaics is adorned with a medallion in which there is a large cross flanked by the letters alpha and omega, which are one of the monograms for Jesus (alpha to omega meaning from A to Z in Greek).
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It needs it in order to come to terms with the most shameful page of its history, and to prove itself worthy of entering the European family of nations.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Greek Cypriot South remains the best overall bet for jobs, as the South is where the majority of the tourist trade is located.^ The European Union's decision to break this economic blockade has already been obstructed by the Greek Cypriot leadership in the south.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, Georgiou (1991) points out that the Greek Cypriot community influences the Greek Cypriot family whether the larger society changes or remains the same.
  • Olga Tsoudis, THE PORTRAYAL OF CRIME IN THE CYPRIOT MEDIA: 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC wcr.sonoma.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Surveyed Cypriots have indicated their opinions about the social impacts of tourism and development in two major tourist towns, Paralimni and Ayia Napia.
  • Olga Tsoudis, THE PORTRAYAL OF CRIME IN THE CYPRIOT MEDIA: 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC wcr.sonoma.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The Turkish North is much harder to get work in as a traveller, as the local economy is in a precarious position and high local unemployment means competition for work is fierce.^ Trying to stop development of economic and trade relations between Kuwait and the Turkish Republic in the North is the latest example of their ill-conceived positions and uncompromising policies.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By doing this, the Greek Cypriot leadership reminded themselves, as much as the Kuwaitis, that "this decision cannot mean granting legitimacy to the Turkish Cypriots."
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Seasonal employment will most probably involve working in one of the countless bars, hotels and resort complexes of the South.^ The original Venus, originally known as the Aphrodite of Milos, is one of the most famous works of ancient Greek sculpture.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Such work is usually poorly paid, but accommodation is often thrown in as some compensation and the Cypriot lifestyle usually makes up for low wages.^ But as usual in such environments, the woman is always to blame for everything, and in order to hush up the incident, Meryem must die.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus, not only is the criminal behavior of Cypriot citizens low in contrast to other nations, but foreigners tend to make up a good proportion of offenders.
  • Olga Tsoudis, THE PORTRAYAL OF CRIME IN THE CYPRIOT MEDIA: 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC wcr.sonoma.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Private collectors will often prefer to remain anonymous while representatives from major museums will usually make their purchases known.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Many holiday companies employ 'reps' (representatives) and marketing staff to assist their operations on the island - this work is usually more financially rewarding.
.Teaching English as a Foreign Language (EFL) is another worthwhile option, well paid though often difficult to find.^ As tensions between Iran and the West approach a boiling point, Armenia is finding it increasingly difficult to negotiate the often conflicting alliances in its complicated neighborhood.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bratislava) Symposium languages: German, English, French The Symposium will focus on archaeological and mythological aspects as well as on topics concerning ancient history, history of art and religion.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The successful candidate will be expected to teach undergraduate and graduate courses in Greek art and archaeology as well as Greek language and to contribute to all aspects of the Department’s graduate program.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Finally, Cyprus' ongoing construction boom in tourism infrastructure results in a demand for skilled builders and tradesmen.^ An increase in tourism resulted in the increased availability of alcohol with the potential to alter the lives of those in Cyprus.
  • Olga Tsoudis, THE PORTRAYAL OF CRIME IN THE CYPRIOT MEDIA: 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC wcr.sonoma.edu [Source type: Academic]

Learn

.If you are considering an extended stay on the island, there are a number of educational courses that you can take.^ These percentages are high considering the number of tourists relative to the number of residents on the island.
  • Olga Tsoudis, THE PORTRAYAL OF CRIME IN THE CYPRIOT MEDIA: 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC wcr.sonoma.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Popular options include Greek language courses and arts courses.^ In time, a literature course and an art course became options in the G.E. Program.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The teaching load is four courses per semester, including Latin language, Greek & Roman civilization, and Classical literature in translation.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Candidates should have, or be about to complete, a PhD, and be capable of contributing both to language courses and to courses in Greek and Roman Civilization.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most will have a tuition fee attached, and EU nationals should not have any visa problems.^ The Studentship award covers both the cost of tuition fees at Home/EU rates and a maintenance grant.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

If you are from outside the EU, you will need to speak to individual colleges/organisations about visa requirements. Some popular travel and learn programmes include:
  • Theatre Cyprus - A Gap-Year Theatre Training Programme [2], a Gap-Year drama programme that offers a 10 month course in Cyprus and also allows time to explore the surrounding continents (Europe, North Africa and the Middle East).
  • Tekni Art [3], also run a one year visual arts programme between September and July.

Cope

Electricity

Cyprus operates on a 240 V, 50 Hz electrical system, they use both 2-pin and the 3-pin British plugs.

Stay safe

.Cyprus is a remarkably safe country, with very little violent crime.^ This is very different from Cyprus, in which crime articles typically depicted family and friend relations negatively.
  • Olga Tsoudis, THE PORTRAYAL OF CRIME IN THE CYPRIOT MEDIA: 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC wcr.sonoma.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Other than governmental surveys of crime, there has been little research exploring why Cyprus has such low crime rates or the relationship between Cypriot society and crime.
  • Olga Tsoudis, THE PORTRAYAL OF CRIME IN THE CYPRIOT MEDIA: 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC wcr.sonoma.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Because there is little social science research on the culture of Cyprus, particularly the relationship between the society and crime, I decided to explore the following questions.
  • Olga Tsoudis, THE PORTRAYAL OF CRIME IN THE CYPRIOT MEDIA: 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC wcr.sonoma.edu [Source type: Academic]

Cars and houses frequently go unlocked. .That said however, it is wise to be careful when accepting drinks from strangers, especially in Ayia Napa, since there have been numerous occasions of muggings.^ But Ventresco said the university can't guarantee campus space to the collection, especially since most of the Hearst Museum's stored items will move to Richmond.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There also used to be some residual hostility towards people of Turkish origin or appearance but not anymore.^ People might have used the city as a place of shelter or to wage attacks in order to protect themselves from Arab and Turkish incursions as well," Alp affirmed.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "There were groups of people who were waiting in lines, there were groups of people seen with some money and so on.
  • Hyelog: May 2007 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC hyelog.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "If they were using wheeled vehicles to that extent there must have been roads or tracks of some sort."
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Note also that the numerous Cypriot "cabarets" are not what their name implies but rather bordels associated with organized crime.^ Articles not disclosing offender name include a larger percentage of Cypriot offenders, a smaller percentage of victim’s names, a larger percentage of victim’s under the age of eighteen, and a higher percentage of personal crimes.
  • Olga Tsoudis, THE PORTRAYAL OF CRIME IN THE CYPRIOT MEDIA: 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC wcr.sonoma.edu [Source type: Academic]

Respect

.It is best to avoid discussion of the various merits of the Greek-Turkish divide and events beginning in 1974 in some quarters.^ Gordon Lyn Watley has some preliminary thoughts on the Greek of various oracles ...
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Any sully of Archbishop Makarios will be looked down upon.
.
  • Internet access is increasingly available in tourist centres in the guise of internet cafes and side rooms equipped with monitors.^ Increasingly the debate has turned into a full-blooded row as it winds its way through the internet, aided by outraged tourists who visit the scene.
    • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Prices vary, so shop about. .2 pounds an hour seems average, but you can do better.Many cafes now offer free wi-fi access.^ To be mostly bald, plus size, oh-so-old, and to have so many folks fighting over you – now that's heaven.
    • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This doesn't seem like such an outrage now, when so many state and federal offices would actually be improved by replacing their current occupants with horses.
    • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ "I think that many theories that seem like jokes until now about the ancient origin of Albania will start to show up seriously!"
    • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Most hotels and resorts now offer internet access to their guests under various arrangements.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Etymology

.Via Latin Cyprus from Ancient Greek Κύπρος (Kupros).^ The teenager, who is studying A-Level Maths, English Literature, Latin and Ancient Greek, hopes to study Classics at Cambridge University next year.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Greeks and Latins on Cyprus in the Thirteenth Century, Massachusettes.
  • http://www.archnet.org/courses/yildiz-cyprus.html 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.archnet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The archaeology of Cyprus can be traced from the Neolithic Age through the Ancient Greek and Roman periods to more recent history.
  • About Cyprus - Realtyna About Cyprus 18 September 2009 5:35 UTC cyprus.realtyna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:
Singular
Cyprus
Plural
-
Cyprus
.
  1. Country between Europe and the Middle East, in the Mediterranean Sea.^ Cyprus, the island of Aphrodite, the third largest island in the Mediterranean, is strategically located in the Eastern Mediterranean , where Europe meets the Middle East, at the crossroads between Europe, Asia and Africa.
    • Cyprus 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC home.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Location: Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey .
    • Cyprus - Guide to Language, Culture, Etiquette, Customs 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.kwintessential.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A new digital archive at Rice’s Fondren Library has created a virtual time machine for visiting the Middle East between the 18th and early 20th centuries.
    • A One-Stop Shop for Middle East Research - Through the Sallyport 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.rice.edu [Source type: Academic]

    Member state of the European Union since 2004. Official name: Republic of Cyprus.
  2. Island between Europe and the Middle East, in the Mediterranean Sea.

Translations

Related terms

See also


Dutch

Proper noun

Cyprus n.
  1. Cyprus

Latin

Etymology

Proper noun

Cyprus (genitive Cyprī); m, second declension
  1. Cyprus

Inflection

nominative Cyprus
genitive Cyprī
dative Cyprō
accusative Cyprum
ablative Cyprō
vocative Cypros
locative Cyprī

Related terms

  • cuprum
  • Cypria
  • Cypriacus
  • Cypriānus
  • Cypriarches
  • Cypriī
  • Cypris
  • Cyprius

Descendants

See also


Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki

one of the largest islands of the Mediterranean, about 148 miles long and 40 broad. It is distant about 60 miles from the Syrian coast. It was the "Chittim" of the Old Testament (Num 24:24). .The Greek colonists gave it the name of Kypros, from the cyprus, i.e., the henna (see Camphire), which grew on this island.^ The Cyprus national side, or the ''Mouflons'' as they have become known, named after the national animal of Cyprus , were more determined and right from the start set about the powerful Greek side.
  • Cyprus Rugby Federation -latest news and announcements 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC cyprus-rugby.com [Source type: General]

^ Archaeologists from Denmark, the US, Italy, and Slovakia have also worked on the now-deserted island, whose name is believed to be descended from 'fylakio,' the Greek word for outpost.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It was originally inhabited by Phoenicians. .In B.C. 477 it fell under the dominion of the Greeks; and became a Roman province B.C. 58. In ancient times it was a centre of great commercial activity.^ All the participants are part of the Junior Classical League, a national organization dedicated to encourage appreciation and interest in ancient Greek and Roman language, literature, and culture.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And a marble statue of a naked, winged Eros stringing his bow — it's an ancient Roman copy of the great fourth century B.C. Greek sculptor Lysippus.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For Miller, the collection of decorative sculptures perfectly illustrates the progression of ancient Greek and Roman art from its simplistic beginnings to its anatomically correct conclusions.
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Corn and wine and oil were produced here in the greatest perfection. It was rich also in timber and in mineral wealth.
.It is first mentioned in the New Testament (Acts 4:36) as the native place of Barnabas.^ Enter_Unknown Territories is the first edition of an international new technology arts festival, to take place in Cambridge, UK on 25-29 April 2007.
  • Culturelink Network - International Meetings and Conferences 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.culturelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was the scene of Paul's first missionary labours (13:4-13), when he and Barnabas and John Mark were sent forth by the church of Antioch.^ Posted by david meadows on Aug-11-07 at 9:13 AM Prometheus Mark Weinstein has kindly allowed me to post his Prometheus comic here, so here's the first installment (for us ...
  • rogueclassicism 22 September 2009 15:015 UTC www.atrium-media.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It was afterwards visited by Barnabas and Mark alone (15:39). Mnason, an "old disciple," probaly one of the converts of the day of Pentecost belonging to this island, is mentioned (21:16). It is also mentioned in connection with the voyages of Paul (Acts 21:3; 27:4). After being under the Turks for three hundred years, it was given up to the British Government in 1878.
This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.
what mentions this? (please help by turning references to this page into wiki links)

Simple English

File:NCyprus districts
Areas of Cyprus; the Turkish Republic is red, the Republic light blue, the buffer zone greenish, and the naval bases dark blue

Cyprus is the third-largest island in the Mediterranean; Sicily and Sardinia are larger. Geographically, it is part of Asia and in the Middle East, but for political reasons, it is sometimes counted as being part of Europe. There are two states on the island:

These states are separated by a buffer zone, which is controlled by the United Nations. In addition to the two countries, there are Akrotiri and Dhekelia, two territories which are under British control, and which are used as military bases.

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 04, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Cyprus, which are similar to those in the above article.








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