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Cyril Leo Heraclius, Prince Toumanoff (born Toumanishvili) (13 October 1913 – 4 February 1997) was a historian and genealogist who mostly specialized in the history of medieval Georgia, Armenia and Iran.[1]

Toumanoff was born in Saint Petersburg of a Georgian father, who later served in the Russian White Army during the Russian Civil War, of the Armeno-Georgian Tumanishvili-Tumanian noble family,[2] which had removed from Armenia to Georgia in the 15th century, and Russian mother, fleeing the Russian Revolution with his mother in 1918 and first residing in Paris. His mother was killed by the Bolsheviks.[1] He emigrated to the United States in 1928. He attended the Lennox School and graduated in 1931. His professors helped him secure the money to travel to Belgium to study under the prominent Armenian professor, Nicholas Adontz.[1]

He earned a doctorate from Georgetown University in 1943 and accepted a position there, holding it until his retirement, as a professor emeritus of history, in 1970 and moved to Rome.[1]

A recognized authority on nobiliary and dynastic questions, Prince Toumanoff was also High Historical Consultant, and a professed knight of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.


  1. ^ a b c d Robert H. Hewsen. "In Memoriam: Cyril Toumanoff." Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies. Vol. 8, 1995, 5-7.
  2. ^ Rapp, Stephen H. (2003), Studies In Medieval Georgian Historiography: Early Texts And Eurasian Contexts, p. 16. Peeters Bvba, ISBN 90-429-1318-5.


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