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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Czech Social Democratic Party
Česká strana sociálně demokratická
Leader Jiří Paroubek
Founded 1878
Headquarters Hybernská 7, Prague
Ideology Social democracy
Fiscal: Keynesianism[1]
International affiliation Socialist International
European affiliation Party of European Socialists
European Parliament Group Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
Official colours Orange
Chamber of Deputies
European Parliament
Politics of the Czech Republic
Political parties

The Czech Social Democratic Party (Czech: Česká strana sociálně demokratická or ČSSD) is a political party in the Czech Republic.

The party won the elections of 2002 with 70 of 200 representatives in the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic. Its chairman Vladimír Špidla became the prime minister heading a coalition with two smaller parties, the Christian Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party and the Freedom Union-Democratic Union until his resignation in 2004.

The current chairman of the party is Jiří Paroubek since 2006. His predecessor was Stanislav Gross from 26 June 2004 to 26 April 2005. Gross resigned after a scandal which arose due to his inability to explain the source of financial resources used to pay for his home. Gross's predecessor Vladimír Špidla was forced to resign in 2004 after the ČSSD lost in European Parliamentary elections.

In the June 2 and 3, 2006 elections, the party won 32.3% of the vote and 74 out of 200 seats. The election at first caused a stalemate since the right-wing parties (with Green Party) and left-wing parties each had 100 seats. The stalemate was broken when two ČSSD deputies, Miloš Melčák and Michal Pohanka abstained during a vote of confidence, allowing a coalition of the Civic Democrats (ODS), the Christian Democrats (KDU-ČSL), and the Green Party (SZ) to form a government. Hence the ČSSD is now in opposition.





Czech lands as part of Austria-Hungary:

  • 1878–1893 The Czechoslavonic Social Democratic Party in Austria (Sociálně-demokratická strana českoslovanská v Rakousku) - part of Social Democratic Party of Austria
  • 1893–1918 The Czechoslavonic Social Democratic Workers' Party (Českoslovanská sociálně demokratická stranu dělnická) - independent party


Czech Republic:

  • since 1993 Czech Social Democratic Party (Česká strana sociálně demokratická)

Election results

  • 1920 National Assembly: 25.7% - 74 seats
  • 1925 National Assembly: 8.9% - 29 seats
  • 1929 National Assembly: 13% - 39 seats
  • 1935 National Assembly: 12.6% - 38 seats
  • 1946 National Assembly: 12.1% (15.6%) - 37 seats

Since 1990

Chairmen of the Czech Social Democratic Party

Czechoslavonic Social Democratic Workers' Party

Czechoslovak Social Democratic Worker's Party

  • Antonín Němec (1917-1925)
  • Antonín Hampl (1925-1938)

Czechoslovak Social Democracy

Czechoslovak Social Democracy in exile

  • Blažej Vilím (1948)
  • Václav Majer (1948-1972)
  • Vilém Bernard (1972-1989)
  • Karel Hrubý

Czechoslovak Social Democracy

Czech Social Democratic Party

See also


  1. ^ "Long-term party program". 
  2. ^ Kowalski, Werner. Geschichte der sozialistischen arbeiter-internationale: 1923 - 19. Berlin: Dt. Verl. d. Wissenschaften, 1985. p. 327

External links


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