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Czesław Kiszczak


In office
August 2, 1989 – August 19, 1989
President Wojciech Jaruzelski
Preceded by Mieczysław Rakowski
Succeeded by Tadeusz Mazowiecki

Minister of Interior of People's Republic of Poland
In office
July 31, 1981 – July 6, 1990
President Wojciech Jaruzelski
Prime Minister Wojciech Jaruzelski, Zbigniew Messner, Mieczysław Rakowski, Czesław Kiszczak, Tadeusz Mazowiecki
Preceded by Mirosław Milewski
Succeeded by Krzysztof Kozłowski

Born October 19, 1925 (1925-10-19) (age 84)
Roczyny, Second Polish Republic
Political party Polish United Workers' Party
Profession General
Religion Atheist

Czesław Kiszczak [ˈt​͡ʂɛswaf ˈkiʂt​͡ʂak] ( listen) (born October 19, 1925), is a Polish general and Communist politician. A member of the PPR and later the PZPR, during the years of the Polish People's Republic he served as a high ranking officer of the Polish Army, a chief of secret services and Minister of Internal Affairs (MSW) between 1981 and 1983, during the years of the Martial Law in Poland. Associate of Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski, he was also the last Communist Prime Minister of Poland, who served briefly in 1989.

Biography

Born in Roczyny (a part of Gmina Andrychów) near Bielsko-Biała in southern Poland in 1925. From November 1945 soldier in Main Directorate of Information of the Polish Army, then Military Counter-intelligence agency. Also from 1945 member of Polish Workers' Party (PPR) and later Polish United Workers' Party or PZPR. In 1951 he was Chief of Department of Information in 18 infantry division in the city of Ełk, and in 1952 was transfer to Warsaw where he took over position of chief of Department of Information in Directorate of Information of Military District number 1. Later Kiszczak was moved to headquarters of the Ministry of National Defense (MON), and become chief of General Section in Department of Finances, and year later (1954) was a student in Academy of General Staff of the Polish Army. In 1957 he was moved to newly formed Counter-intelligence agency the Military Internal Service (WSW - Wojskowa Służba Wewnętrzna). From 1957 to 1965, he was the head of Counter-intelligence for the Navy, and in 1967 become deputy head of WSW. From the end of 1960's Kiszczak had occupied top positions in Polish military, and secret services. In 1972 he become the head of 2nd Directorate of General Staff of the Polish Army (Zarząd II Sztabu Generalnego Wojska Polskiego), that was Military Intelligence, he occupied this positions till 1979, and in 1978 he become deputy head of General Staff of the Polish Army. June 1979 Kiszczak had returned to military Counter-intelligence, and till 1981 was the head of Military Internal Service or WSW. July 1981 he become the minister of internal affairs (MSW), witch beside Ministry of National Defense (MON), MSW was one of biggest and strongest administrations in Poland, responsible for - Intelligence, Counter-espionage, anti-state activity in country (SB), government protection, confidential communications, supervision of the local governments, militsiya, correctional facilities and fire rescue. On this position he participated in preparation and realization of martial law declared in Poland on December 13, 1981, and was a member of WRON (short for Military Council of National Salvation), Wojskowa Rada Ocalenia Narodowego, it was a Military dictatorship quasi-government administering Poland during the martial law (1981-1983). July 6, 1990, he has been taken off from position as head of MSW, Kiszczak was also the last Communist Prime Minister of Poland, who served briefly in 1989, very close co-worker of general Wojciech Jaruzelski.

Preceded by
Mirosław Milewski
Minister of Internal Affairs
1981-1990
Succeeded by
Krzysztof Kozłowski
Preceded by
Mieczysław Rakowski
Prime Minister of Poland
1989
Succeeded by
Tadeusz Mazowiecki
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