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The Décapole (Dekapolis or German: Zehnstädtebund) was an alliance formed in 1354 by ten imperial cities of the Holy Roman Empire in the Alsace region to maintain their rights, it discontinued in 1679.

In 1354 Emperor Charles IV of Luxembourg ratified the treaty uniting the towns of Haguenau, Colmar, Wissembourg, Turckheim, Obernai, Kaysersberg, Rosheim, Munster, Sélestat and Mulhouse.[1] Haguenau became its capital while the imperial city of Strasbourg, though venue of the league's diets, remained outside the alliance. The affiliation was renewed after Charles' death in 1378.

The ten cities joined the Upper Rhenish Circle in 1500. In 1515, Mulhouse pulled out of the alliance in order to associate with the Old Swiss Confederacy. They were replaced by the city of Landau in 1521.[1]

The alliance was strongly shaken by the Thirty Years' War which ravaged the region, allowing King Louis XIV of France to acquire the suzerainty over the cities according to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia. The signing of the Treaties of Nijmegen in 1679 finally brought an end to the Décapole, when Alsace was annexed by France. Mulhouse remained an independent city and exclave of the Swiss Confederation until in 1798 its citizens voted to join France in 1798. Landau together with the Palatinate fell to Bavaria after the 1815 Congress of Vienna.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b G. Köbler, Historisches Lexikon der deutschen Länder, 7. Auflage, Verlag C.H. Beck, München, 2007

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