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A ( ?) (also known as Michi in Japanese, see also Chinese usage Tao) or "Way" is any one of a number of spiritual, martial, or aesthetic disciplines that evolved in Japan and Korea.

In Japanese, a Dō implies a body of knowledge and tradition with an ethic and an aesthetic, and having the characteristics of specialization (senmonsei), transmissivity (keishōsei), normativity (kihansei), universality (kihensei), and authoritativeness (ken'isei).[1]

List of Dōs

  • Aikido (合気道), the Way of harmonious spirit
Compassionate hand-to-hand fighting
  • Bushidō (武士道), the Way of the warrior
The samurai moral code
  • Chadō (茶道), or sadō, or chanoyu, the Way of tea
The Japanese tea ceremony
The group of martial disciplines that arose after the Meiji restoration
  • Hapkido (合氣道), the Way of coordinating energy
Korean hand-to-hand fighting
  • Iaido (居合道), the Way of harmonious life
A Japanese martial art associated with the smooth, controlled movements of drawing the sword
Wooden staff fighting
  • Judo (柔道), the "gentle way"
A grappling martial art
Bayonet fighting
  • Kadō (華道) or Ikebana, the Way of flowers
Flower arrangement
  • Karate or karate-dō (空手道), the Way of the empty hand
Bare hand fighting
  • Kendo (剣道), the Way of the sword
Traditional Japanese fencing
  • Kumdo (劍道), the Way of the sword
Traditional Korean fencing
  • Kōdō, (香道), the Way of fragrance
Appreciation of incense
  • Kyūdō, (弓道), the Way of the bow
Zen archery
  • Gungdo, (弓道), the Way of the bow
Traditional Korean archery
  • Kyushindo, the Way of longing for knowledge of the fundamental nature of anything
Japanese-inspired Western school of hand-to-hand fighting
  • Nanbudo (南武道), the Way of the Nan warrior
Hand-to-hand fighting recently evolved from karate
  • Shinto (神道), the Way of the gods
The native religion of Japan
  • Shodo (書道), the Way of writing
Traditional Japanese brush calligraphy
  • Taekwondo (跆拳道), the Way of the foot and fist
A traditional Korean martial art
  • Taido (躰道), the Way of the body
Hand-to-hand fighting evolved from Okinawan karate
A Korean martial art with roots in Karate and Kung-fu
  • Tao or Dào (道) (Chinese usage), the Way of the universe
The cosmic ordering principal of nature ("Dō" in Japanese and Korean) (see also Chinese Taoism)
  • Yoseikan Budo (養正館武道), the teaching truth place warrior Way
Comprehensive martial art with ancient roots


  1. ^ Konishi Jin'ich, "Michi and Medieval Writing," trans. Aileen Gatten, in Principles of Classical Japanese Literature, ed. Earl Miner (Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1985), p.181-208


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