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DFS 230A-1
Luftwaffe soldiers loading the DFS 230 in preparation for deployment.
Role Troop glider
Manufacturer DFS
Designed by Hans Jacobs
First flight 1937
Introduced 1938
Primary user Luftwaffe

The DFS 230 was a German transport glider operated by the Luftwaffe in World War II. It was developed by the Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Segelflug (DFS - "German Research Institute for Sailplane Flight") with Hans Jacobs as the head designer. The glider was the German inspiration for the British Hotspur glider and was intended for paratrooper assault operations. The glider could carry 10 soldiers with equipment or a payload of about 1,200 kg. They were used in the landings at Fort Eben-Emael and Crete, as well as in North Africa and in the rescue of Benito Mussolini.



  • DFS 230 A-1 - Initial production version
  • DFS 230 A-2 - A-1 with dual-controls
  • DFS 230 B-1 - Braking parachute added, able to carry defensive armament (MG 34 machine gun)
  • DFS 230 B-2 - B-1 with dual-controls
  • DFS 230 C-1 - Late production version; B-1 with nose braking rockets
  • DFS 230 D-1 - C-1 with improved nose braking rocket design, one prototype (DFS 230 V6)
  • DFS 230 F-1 - larger version with capacity for 15 soldiers, one prototype (DFS 230 V7, DV+AV)

Specifications (DFS 230)

General characteristics

  • Crew: one, pilot
  • Capacity: 10 equipped troops (including pilot) + 270 kg
  • Payload: 1,240 kg (2,728 lb)
  • Length: 11.3 m (37 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 21.1 m (69 ft 1 in)
  • Height: 2.8 m (9 ft 4 in)
  • Wing area: 38.1 m² (410 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 770 kg (1,700 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 2,040 kg (4,500 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 2,100 kg (4,630 lb)
  • * Typical Tow : Junkers Ju 52/3m


See also

Related development

Comparable aircraft

Related lists

External links

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