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There is also Norwegian region called Dalane.
Dalarna
Map
The provinces of Sweden with Dalarna highlighted
Coat of Arms
Land Svealand
Main corresponding county Dalarna County
Indigenous dialect(s) Dalecarlian
Area 29,086 km²
Flower Harebell
Animal Eagle Owl (Bubo Bubo)

About this sound Dalarna is a historical province or landskap in central Sweden. English name forms established in literature are Dalecarlia and the Dales. Places involving the element Dalecarlia still exist in the United States.

Dalarna adjoins Härjedalen, Hälsingland, Gästrikland, Västmanland and Värmland. It is also bounded by Norway in the west.

The word "Dalarna" means "the dales" (valleys). It is a popular vacation destination for Swedes from the south, who often travel there to relax during summer vacations, drawn by good fishing lakes, beautiful campgrounds, and deep forests. Many such Swedes own or rent a second residence in Dalarna, where they are likely to have a vegetable garden and apple trees. In mid-June, sommerfest celebrations and dances are held in many of the small villages and, of course, in the larger cities. Dalarna is a region full of historical associations, possessing strong local characteristics in respect of its products, and especially of its people. In the western districts of Älvdalen and Lima some people in villages speak an old-time dialect, the Dalecarlian language. Historically, the people of Dalecarlia are famous for their sturdy love of independence.[1]

Contents

Administration

The provinces of Sweden serve no administrative or political purposes, but are historical and cultural entities. In the case of Dalarna there is a corresponding administrative Dalarna County which has almost, but not exactly, the same boundaries as the province, except for a part of the north-east (Hamra parish, also known as Orsa Finnmark) which is part of Ljusdal Municipality, Gävleborg County.

Heraldry

Arms granted in 1560, the use of two crossed arrows as a symbol precedes this. The province is also a duchy and the arms is represented with a dukal coronet. Blazon: "Azure, two Dalecarlian Arrows Or in saltire point upwards pointed Argent and in chief a Crown of the first." Already in 1525 the arrows were used on a seal. Dalarna County uses the same coat of arms, granted for the then Kopparberg County in 1936.

Geography

The geography is distinguished by lake Siljan in the middle part, and the Västerdal River and Österdal River that join into the Dal River.

The northern part of the province are within the Scandinavian mountain range, and are mountainous with many glacier-created lakes. The southern part consists of plains, with several mines, most notably copper, traditionally forming part of Bergslagen.

Highest point is Storvätteshågna with 1,204 meters. Lowest point is at 55 meters, in the south-east part.

Cities

Dalarna was historically divided into chartered cities and districts.

The cities are since 1971 seats of their respective municipalities.

Other towns

National parks

History

The province was part of Svealand before Sweden was consolidated in the 11th century.

Two historically notorious rebellions started in the Dalarna province: In 1434, led by Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, the miners rose against the oppression of the officers of Eric of Pomerania, and in 1519–1523 it was among the miners that Gustavus Vasa found his staunchest supporters in his revolt against the Kalmar Union under Christian II of Denmark.[1]

A giant Dalahorse in central Avesta.

Culture

A woman from Leksand in traditional folk dress, 1911.

Historically, Dalarna has enjoyed a rich and unique folk culture, with distinct music, paintings (often centered on Biblical themes) and handicrafts. The province was also the last province to abandon the use of the Runic alphabet, a local dialect of which, the so called Dalecarlian runes or Dalrunes, survived into the 19th century[1].

A famous symbol of the province is the Dalecarlian horse, in Swedish Dalahäst, a painted and decorated wooden horse. Sulky-racing is popular in the region. The high calcium level of the soil is excellent for horse breeding.

The Vasaloppet, a cross country skiing race over 90 km, is held annually, on the first Sunday of March, between Sälen and Mora, in commemoration of the ski-borne escape of Gustav Vasa, who would later become king Gustav I of Sweden, from the Danish troops in 1520.

The mining area of the Stora Kopparberg ("Great Copper Mountain") in Falun has been named a UNESCO World heritage site.

Notable natives

Dukes

Since 1772 , Swedish Princes have been created Dukes of various provinces. This is solely a nominal title.

  • Prince August (1831-1873)
  • Prince Carl Johan (from his birth in 1916 until his loss of succession rights in 1947)

Districts

The Swedish provinces were subdivided into the Hundreds of Sweden, in effect until early 20th century.

In some provinces the sub-dividing was through districts. Dalarna had only one chartered hundred – the others were court districts.

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b Volume V07, Page 764 of the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica. (online link)

References

External links

Coordinates: 60°52′N 14°44′E / 60.867°N 14.733°E / 60.867; 14.733


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Dalarna [1] is a province and county in the region Svealand, in Sweden. It has a population of almost 280,000 and mostly consists of smaller towns, except for the two larger ones; Borlänge and Falun.

The giant Dala Horse in Avesta.
The giant Dala Horse in Avesta.
  • Färnebofjärden
  • Fulufjället - In the municipality of Älvdalen in northwestern Dalarna.
  • Hamra National Park
  • Töfsingdalen
One of many lakes in Dalarna surrounded by summer-houses
One of many lakes in Dalarna surrounded by summer-houses

Dalarna is an important province in the history of Sweden. Several uprisings against foreign and domestic rulers have occurred. The most famous is how Gustaf Vasa, the last remain of the Swedish noble after the Stockholm Bloodbath, hid in Dalarna when the Danish were looking for him. Here he sought support amongst the locals for an uprising against the Danish who now had occupied Stockholm and thereby the control of Sweden.

Talk

Most people speak fluent English. French and German may work as well.

Get in

By plane

Flights to Borlänge go from Stockholm, tickets can be booked online at the site of the airline Skyways [2]. Borlänge can also be reached by air from Malmö, Gothenburg and from Oslo, the capital of Norway. Tickets online at Direktflyg [3]. There are also domestic flights to Mora from Stockholm. Tickets available online at the site of the airline Nextjet [4]. All airline sites have booking services in English.

By train

Most cities are reachable by rail, tickets can be bought at the website of the Swedish railway company SJ [5].

By bus

Going by bus is usually slightly cheaper than by train. You can buy tickets at the website of Swebus Express [6] (Available in english).

Get around

Travelling by bus within a city costs 17 SEK (12 SEK for children below 16), and the ticket can be used multiple times in one hour. If you are younger than 20 years old, you can buy a card called "Upp till 20"(Up to 20). With the card you can travel with bus anywhere in the county, even between cities, for a month.

Most cities and towns in the county are connected to the railway-network.

  • Skiing. In the northern part of the province there are several popular ski-resorts, such as Sälen and Idre. There's also a pretty big alpine resort i Borlange, called Romme Alpin.
  • Dalhalla. Ranked as the fourth best outside-arena in the world(by Austrian Magazin Festspiele). Located in an old quarry outside Rättvik. During the warmer half of the year lots of concerts and theatre plays are shown here.
  • Kupolen. The largest shopping-mall in the province with over 80 stores and several more nearby, located in Borlänge.

Eat

There are dishes from all over the world available at restaurants. Domestic and international fast-food companies are well established.

Stay safe

There is nothing in particular to watch out for. Pickpockets may sometimes appear in crowded areas, such as popular markets and shopping-malls. Altough if you'd ask an local they'd probalby be hard pressed to remember ever hearing about that kind of stuff.

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Simple English

File:Dalarna
Coat of arms of Dalarna

Dalarna is a province in Sweden. The province was part of Svealand before Sweden was consolidated in the 11th century.









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