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Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington
Fort Worth
Country Flag of United States.svg United States of America
State Flag of Texas.svg Texas
Principal cities  - Dallas
 - Fort Worth
 - Arlington
 - Plano
 - Denton
 - Irving
 - Carrollton
 - Denton
 - McKinney
 - Richardson
 - Urban 3,644.2 km2 (1,407 sq mi)
 - Metro 24,059 km2 (9,286 sq mi)
Elevation 295 - 417 m (606 - 3,288 ft)
Population (2008 est.)[1][2]
 Density 245/km²/km2 (634/sq. mi/sq mi)
 Urban 4,556,056 (6th)
 - MSA 6,300,006 (4th)
 - CSA 6,655,261
  2008 estimates
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)

The DallasFort WorthArlington metropolitan area, a title designated by the U.S. Census as of 2003, encompasses 12 counties within the U.S. state of Texas. The metropolitan area is further divided into two metropolitan divisions: DallasPlanoIrving and Fort WorthArlington. Residents of the area informally refer to it as the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex, the acronym DFW, or simply The Metroplex (the term was originally invented to refer to Dallas/Fort Worth), which is the economic and cultural hub of the region commonly called North Texas or North Central Texas.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau's July 1, 2008 estimate, the metropolitan area's population exceeded 6.3 million people.[3] The U.S. Census Bureau also said on April 5, 2007 that the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington metropolitan area was the second fastest growing area by population.[4] The Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington MSA is the largest metropolitan area in Texas and the fourth-largest in the United States. The metroplex also encompasses 9,286 square miles (24,100 km2) of total area: 8,991 sq mi (23,290 km2) is land, while 295 sq mi (760 km2) is water, making it larger in area than the U.S. states of Rhode Island and Connecticut combined. It is also the 4th largest metropolitan area by population and sixth largest gross metropolitan product (GMP) in the United States[5], and approximately tenth largest by GMP in the world.


Metroplex counties


US Government Designated

Metroplex cities, towns, and CDPs

D/FW Counties
Fort Worth is the 17th largest city in the United States.

Note: Cities and towns are categorized based on the latest population estimates from the United States Census Bureau (as of July 1, 2006)[6] and the North Central Texas Council of Governments (as of January 1, 2007).[7] No population estimates are released for Census-designated places (CDPs), which are marked with an asterisk (*). These places are categorized based on their 2000 census population.

Principal cities

Cities with over 100,000 population

Cities, towns, and CDPs with 10,000 to 100,000 inhabitants

Cities, towns, and CDPs with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants

Unincorporated places


As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 5,161,544 people, 1,881,056 households, and 1,301,993 families residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA was 69.25% White, 13.88% African American, 0.57% Native American, 3.78% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 10.01% from other races, and 2.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.65% of the population.

The median income for a household in the MSA was $48,062, and the median income for a family was $55,263. Males had a median income of $39,581 versus $27,446 for females. The per capita income for the MSA was $21,839.

Combined Statistical Area

Components of the Dallas-Fort Worth Combined Statistical Area.      Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington MSA     Sherman-Denison MSA     Athens μSA     Bonham μSA     Gainesville μSA     Granbury μSA     Mineral Wells μSA

The Dallas–Fort Worth Combined Statistical Area is made up of 19 counties in north central Texas. The statistical area includes two metropolitan areas and five micropolitan areas. As of the 2000 Census, the CSA had a population of 5,487,956 (though a July 1, 2007 estimate placed the population at 6,498,410).[9] The CSA definition encompasses 14,628 sq mi (37,890 km2). of area, of which 14,126 sq mi (36,590 km2). is land and 502 sq mi (1,300 km2). is water.


  • Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs)
    • Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington (Collin, Dallas, Delta, Denton, Ellis, Hunt, Johnson, Kaufman, Parker, Rockwall, Tarrant, and Wise counties)
    • Sherman-Denison (Grayson County)


As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 5,487,956 people, 2,006,665 households, and 1,392,540 families residing within the CSA. The racial makeup of the CSA was 70.41% White, 13.34% African American, 0.59% Native American, 3.58% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 9.62% from other races, and 2.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.83% of the population.

The median income for a household in the CSA was $43,836, and the median income for a family was $50,898. Males had a median income of $37,002 versus $25,553 for females. The per capita income for the CSA was $20,460.


The Metroplex overlooks mostly prairie land with a few rolling hills dotted by man-made lakes cut by streams, creeks and rivers surrounded by forest land. The Metroplex is situated in the Texas blackland prairies region, so named for its fertile black soil found especially in the rural areas of Collin, Dallas, Ellis, Hunt, Kaufman, and Rockwall counties.

Many areas of Denton, Johnson, Parker, Tarrant and Wise counties are located in the Fort Worth Prairie region of North Texas, which has less fertile and more rocky soil than that of the Texas blackland prairie; most of the rural land on the Fort Worth Prairie is ranch land. A large onshore natural gas field, the Barnett Shale, lies underneath this area; Denton, Tarrant and Wise counties feature many natural gas wells. Continuing land use change results in scattered crop fields surrounded by residential or commercial development.

South of Dallas and Fort Worth is a line of rugged hills that goes north to south about 15 miles (24 km) that looks similar to the Texas Hill Country 200 miles (320 km) to the south.


Headquarters of AMR Corporation and American Airlines

The cities of Dallas and Fort Worth are the anchor cities of the Metroplex. Dallas and its suburbs have one of the highest concentrations of corporate headquarters in the United States. As such, one of the largest industries in the Metroplex is conducting business. The Metroplex also contains the largest Information Technology industry base in the state (often referred to as Silicon Prairie), owing to the large number of corporate IT projects and the presence of numerous electronics, computing and telecom firms such as Texas Instruments, HP Enterprise Services, Perot Systems, i2, AT&T, and Verizon in and around Dallas. On the other end of the business spectrum, and on the other side of the Metroplex, the Texas farming and ranching industry is based in Fort Worth. According to the Dallas Business Journal's 2006 Book of Lists, American Airlines is the largest employer in the Metroplex. Several major defense manufacturers, including Lockheed Martin, Bell Helicopter Textron, and Raytheon, maintain significant operations in the Metroplex. ExxonMobil, the #1 corporation on the Fortune 500 listings, is headquartered in Irving, Texas.


The Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport (IATA airport code: DFW), located between Dallas and Fort Worth, is the largest and busiest airport in the state of Texas. It is the third busiest airport in the world in terms of aircraft movements and the seventh busiest airport in the world in terms of passenger traffic, transporting 59,784,876 passengers in 2007.[10] American Airlines (known as 'American'), based in Fort Worth, has its headquarters next to DFW Airport. American, formerly the largest airline in the world in terms of passengers transported and fleet size, is a predominant leader in domestic routes and operations.[citation needed]

Love Field Airport (IATA Airport Code: DAL) is located in Dallas. Southwest Airlines, based in Dallas, is headquartered next to Love Field. The airline is an exclusively domestic low-cost airline.[citation needed]

Public transit options exist but are limited in scope. Dallas County has bus service and light rail operated by Dallas Area Rapid Transit, (DART), extending as far north as Plano, and northeast to Garland, but there are still many suburbs without service. Denton County has bus service limited to Denton, Highland Village, and Lewisville (with communter service to downtown Dallas) provided by the Denton County Transportation Authority (DCTA). The A-train, a diesel commuter rail line, is under construction by DCTA that will parallel I-35E to connect Denton, Highland Village, Lewisville, and Carrollton. Several smaller towns along this line, Corinth, Shady Shores, and Lake Dallas, voted to abstain from DCTA and will not have stations. There will be an across-the-platform transfer in Carrollton to the DART Green Line electrified light rail extension also under construction. Target opening date for both systems is December 2010. Tarrant County has bus service operated by the Fort Worth Transportation Authority (known as 'The T'), available only in Fort Worth. The diesel commuter train that serves Fort Worth and its eastern suburbs is operated as the Trinity Railway Express; it connects downtown Fort Worth to downtown Dallas, where it links to the DART light rail system. A station near its midpoint, Centerport, serves DFW Airport via a free airport shuttle bus. The TRE is jointly owned by FWTA and DART.[citation needed] AMTRAK serves Dallas and Fort Worth once daily in each direction on a route from Chicago to San Antonio, with connections at San Antonio to New Orleans, Houston, El Paso, Phoenix, and Los Angeles.

The Dallas-Fort Worth area has hundreds of lane-miles of freeways and interstates. The Metroplex has the second largest number of freeway-miles per capita in the nation, behind only the Kansas City Metropolitan Area. Like most major metropolitan areas in Texas, most interstates and freeways have access roads where most of the businesses are located; these access roads have slip ramps that merge onto the freeways and interstates. North-south Interstates include I-35 and I-45. East-west routes include I-30 and I-20. I-35 splits into I-35E and I-35W from Denton to Hillsboro: I-35W goes through Fort Worth while I-35E goes through Dallas. I-30 connects Dallas and Fort Worth, and I-45 connects Dallas to Houston. HOV lanes currently exist along I-35E, I-30, I-635, US 67, and US 75. I-20 bypasses both Dallas and Fort Worth to the south while its loop, I-820, loops around Fort Worth. I-635 splits to the north of I-20 and loops around east and north Dallas, ending at SH 121 north of DFW Airport. I-35E, Loop 12, and Spur 408 ultimately connect to I-20 southwest of Dallas, completing the west bypass loop around Dallas. A large number of construction projects are planned or are already underway in the region to alleviate congestion. Due largely to funding issues, many of the new projects involve building new tollways or adding tolled express lanes to existing highways.[citation needed]

Largest area private-sector employers

Source: Dallas Business Journal Book of Lists 2006
company # of employees locally type of business
American Airlines 22,077 Commercial airline
Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. 21,133 Retail
Texas Health Resources 16,289 Health care
Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company 15,900 Military aircraft design and production
Baylor Health Care System 15,200 Health care
Citigroup 15,000 Financial Services
AT&T, Inc. 13,729 Data, voice, networking and internet services
Verizon Communications 12,500 Telecommunications
Texas Instruments 10,600 Semiconductor manufacturing
Albertsons 10,100 Retail grocery
Brinker International 10,000 Restaurants
HCA Healthcare 9,896 Health care
JPMorgan Chase 8,800 Financial services
J.C. Penney Company, Inc. 7,900 Retail
Kroger Food Stores 7,600 Retail grocery
Target Corporation 7,554 Retail
Electronic Data Systems (EDS) 7,300 Information technology services
Bank of America 7,000 Financial services
Tom Thumb Food & Pharmacy (Safeway Inc.) 6,314 Retail grocery
Southwest Airlines 5,543 Commercial airline
Bell Helicopter Textron 5,301 Aircraft manufacturing
Minyard Food Stores, Inc. 5,091 Retail grocery
Blockbuster, Inc. 4,500 Retail video and games
General Motors 4,030 Automotive manufacturer
RadioShack Corp. 3,896 Electronics retailer
Sprint 3,500 Communications products


The cities of Dallas and Fort Worth have their own newspapers, The Dallas Morning News and the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, respectively. Historically, the two papers were restricted in readership to their own counties; Tarrant County households would never read the Morning News and vice versa. As the two cities' suburbs have grown together in recent years, it is now common to find locations where both of the newspapers are sold. This pattern has been repeated in other print media, radio, and television, but since the 1970s all of the television stations and most of the FM radio stations have chosen to transmit from Cedar Hill so as to serve the entire market, and are programmed likewise. A recent phenomenon seen most clearly in the DFW market has been the rise of "80-90 move-ins", whereby stations have been moved from distant markets, in some cases as far away as Oklahoma, and relicensed to anonymous small towns in the Metroplex to serve as additional DFW stations. According to RadioTime, the market has 38 AM stations, 58 FM stations (many of them class Cs), and 18 full-power television stations. Dallas-Fort Worth is the 5th largest television market in the United States, behind only New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago and Philadelphia.

Two Metroplex AM radio stations, 820 WBAP and 1080 KRLD, are clear-channel 50,000-watt stations with coverage of much of the North American continent and beyond during nighttime hours.

See Also:


The Metroplex is one of just thirteen American metropolitan areas that has a team in each of the four major professional sports leagues. Major professional sports first came to the area in 1960, when the Dallas Cowboys began competing in the National Football League and the Dallas Texans began competing in the American Football League (the Texans would later relocate to Kansas City and become the Chiefs). In 1972, Major League Baseball's Washington Senators moved to Arlington to become the Texas Rangers. The National Basketball Association expanded into North Texas in 1980 when the Dallas Mavericks were added to the league. The fourth piece was added in 1993 when the Minnesota North Stars of the National Hockey League became the Dallas Stars. The area is also home to many other minor-league professional teams, four colleges that compete in NCAA Division I athletics and has played host to many premiere sports events on both an annual and one-time basis.

Major Professional Sports Teams

Club Sport Founded League Venue
Dallas Cowboys Football 1960 NFL Cowboys Stadium
Texas Rangers Baseball 1972^ MLB Rangers Ballpark in Arlington
Dallas Mavericks Basketball 1980 NBA American Airlines Center
FC Dallas Soccer 1996 Major League Soccer Pizza Hut Park
Dallas Stars Hockey 1993^ NHL American Airlines Center

^- Indicates year team relocated to the area

Other Professional Teams

Club Sport Founded League Venue
Dallas Vigilantes Arena Football 2010 Arena Football 1 American Airlines Center
Frisco RoughRiders Baseball 2003^ Texas League Dr Pepper Ballpark
Fort Worth Cats Baseball 2001 AAIPBL LaGrave Field
Grand Prairie AirHogs Baseball 2007 AAIPBL QuikTrip Park
Frisco D-League Team Basketball 2011 NBA D-League TBD
Texas Brahmas Hockey 2007 Central Hockey League NYTEX Sports Centre

^- Indicates year team relocated to the area

Division I College Athletics

School City Nickname Conference
Texas Christian University Fort Worth Horned Frogs Mountain West
Southern Methodist University University Park Mustangs Conference USA
University of North Texas Denton Mean Green Sun Belt
University of Texas at Arlington Arlington Mavericks Southland

Sports Events Hosted

Event Sport Year(s) Venue
Red River Shootout College Football 1912-Present Cotton Bowl
Battle for the Iron Skillet College Football 1915-Present Cotton Bowl, Amon G. Carter Stadium, Ownby Stadium, Texas Stadium, Ford Stadium
PGA Championship Golf 1927 Cedarcrest Golf Course
AT&T Cotton Bowl Classic College Football 1937-Present Cotton Bowl, Cowboys Stadium
U.S. Open Golf 1941 Colonial Country Club
Byron Nelson Golf Classic Golf 1944-Present Multiple courses in Dallas
Colonial National Invitational Golf 1946-Present Colonial Country Club
The Players Championship Golf 1975 Colonial Country Club
Pro Bowl Football 1973 Texas Stadium
NBA All-Star Game Basketball 1986 Reunion Arena
NCAA Men's Final Four Basketball 1986 Reunion Arena
U.S. Women's Open Golf 1991 Colonial Country Club
FIFA World Cup Preliminaries Soccer 1994 Cotton Bowl
MLB All-Star Game Baseball 1995 Rangers Ballpark in Arlington
Samsung 500 Auto Racing 1997-Present Texas Motor Speedway
Bombardier Learjet 550 Auto Racing 1997-Present Texas Motor Speedway
Big 12 Championship Game College Football 2001, 2009, 2010 Texas Stadium, Cowboys Stadium
Bell Helicopter Armed Forces Bowl College Football 2003-Present Amon G. Carter Stadium
Dickies 500 Auto Racing 2005-Present Texas Motor Speedway
MLS Cup Soccer 2005, 2006 Pizza Hut Park
NHL All-Star Game Hockey 2007 American Airlines Center
CONCACAF Gold Cup Soccer 2009 Cowboys Stadium
Texas A&M vs. Arkansas College Football 2009 Cowboys Stadium
NBA All-Star Game Basketball 2010 Cowboys Stadium
Super Bowl XLV Football 2011 Cowboys Stadium
NCAA Men's Final Four Basketball 2014 Cowboys Stadium

See also


  1. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 22, 2009. 
  2. ^ American Community Survey Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington Urbanized Area (2008 estimate)
  3. ^ "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008 (CBSA-EST2008-01)" (CSV). 2008 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-19. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Table 4. Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Texas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2007-06-28. Retrieved 2008-04-14. 
  7. ^ "2007 Population Estimates by City" (TXT). North Central Texas Council of Governments, Research and Services Division. 2007-03-22. Retrieved 2008-04-14. 
  8. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "Table 2. Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007 (CBSA-EST2007-02)" (CSV). 2007 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2008-03-27. Retrieved 2008-03-28. 
  10. ^

External links

Official sites

Additional information



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