From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Damiat" redirects here. For the Bulgarian
wine grape also known as Damiat, see Dimiat
Damietta, Damiata, or
Domyat (Arabic: دمياط) is a port and the capital of the governorate of Domyat, Egypt. It is located at the intersection between
the Mediterranean Sea and the Nile, about 200 kilometres
(120 mi) north of Cairo.
Egypt, the city was known as Tamiat, but it
became less important in the Hellenic
period after the construction of Alexandria.
The Abbasids use Alexandria, Damietta, Aden and Siraf
as entry ports to India and China.
Damietta was important in the 12th and 13th centuries during the
time of the Crusades. In 1169, a fleet from the Kingdom
of Jerusalem, with support from the Byzantine Empire, attacked the port,
but it was defeated by Saladin.
During preparations for the Fifth Crusade in 1217, it was decided
that Damietta should be the focus of attack. Control of Damietta
meant control of the Nile, and from there the crusaders believed
they would be able to conquer Egypt. From Egypt they could then attack Palestine and recapture Jerusalem. When the port was besieged and occupied by Frisian crusaders in 1219, Francis of
Assisi arrived to peaceably negotiate with the Muslim ruler. In
October 1218 reinforcements arrived including the Legate Pelagius
with the English earls Ranulf of
Chester, Saer of
Winchester and William Aubigny of Arundel together with one
Odonel Aubigny, Robert Fitz Walter, John Lacy of Chester, William Harcourt and
Oliver the illegitimate son of King John. In 1221
the Crusaders attempted to march to Cairo, but were destroyed by
the combination of nature and Muslim defenses.
Damietta was also the object of the Seventh Crusade, led by Louis IX of
France. His fleet arrived there in 1249 and quickly captured
the fort, though he refused to hand it over to the nominal king of
Jerusalem, to whom it had been promised during the Fifth Crusade.
However, Louis too was eventually captured and defeated and was
forced to give up the city. Because of its importance to the
Crusaders, the Mamluk Sultan
Baibars destroyed the city
and rebuilt it with stronger fortifications a few kilometres from
- Amr Ibn Al-a'as Mosque (Al-Fateh) the 2nd mosque to be built in
Egypt and Africa by the Arabs after entering Egypt. It has been
converted to a church twice during occupation by the crusaders and
of France son Jean Tristan was Baptised by vice of the Pope in
- Al-Matbuly Mosque dating to Mamluk era.
- Al-Maainy Mosque dating to Al-Naser Mohammed Ibn Qalawon
- Al-Bahr Mosque dating to Ottmon rule era.
- Al—Hadidy Mosque in Faraskour 200 years old.
- Tabiet Ahmed Urabi, ruins of Damietta Fort at Ezbet
- Al-Radwaniya Mosque dating to Mamluk era.
- The Old Bridge " Elkobri Elqadeem" dating to early 1900s.
- Souk Al-Hesba, the old dowm town, dating to Abbasi rule
Today there is a canal connecting it to the Nile, which has made it an important port once
again. The modern city has a population of about 1,093,580 (2006).
It contains the SEGAS
LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) plant, which will ultimately have a
capacity of 9.6 million ton/year through two trains. The plant is
owned by Segas, a joint venture of the Spanish utility Unión Fenosa
(40%), Italian oil company Eni (40%)
and the Egyptian companies EGAS and EGPC (10% each).The plant is
unusual since it is not supplied from a dedicated field, but is
supplied with gas from the Egyptian grid. EMethanex, the Egyptian
division of Methanex a Canadian owned company, is currently
building a 3600 MTPD methanol plant. Construction is scheduled to
be finished in mid 2010.
- St. Sidhom
Bishay, coptic martyr.
- Kamal al-Din Muhammad ibn Musa Al-Damiri, (1344 – 1405), writer on canon law
and natural history.
- Moustafa Mosharafa, physicist and
contributor to the theory of relativity
- Zahi Hawass,
Shousha, poet. Previously head of Egyptian Radio. (El Soaraa
- Taher Abou Fasha, poet, author of the 1985 TV movie script
Alf-Layla w'Layla (1001 Nights, الف ليلة وليلة).
- Professor Shawky Daif, Professor of Arabic language and member
of the Egyptian Arabic Language Academy. (Awlad Hamam village)
- Professor Hamdy Elsayed, physician & cardiologist, former
head of Egyptian medical syndicate, politician & member of
people's assembly. (Awlad Hamam village)
- Professor Abdel Halim Montaser Head of Kuwait
University since its establishment.
- Shiekh Rizk Khalil Habba The former head of Egypt Quran
- Professor Abdel Rahman Badawi, professor of
philosophy. One of his students is Anis Mansour.
- Abbas Al-Tarabily, journalist.
- Madkour Abou El-Ezz, military pilot & former head of
- Mohamed Fahim ElGindy, who
established and developed the furniture industry during 20th
century in Damietta.
- Salah Montaser, journalist.
- Ahmed Awwad, official spokesman of presidential office.
- Raafat el-Haggan (Rifaat Al-Gammal),
- Essam Al-Hadary, FC Sion & Egypt's goal-keeper.
El-Tabei the football player.
- Samir Zaher, head of Egyptian football association.
- Professor Aisha Abdel
Rahman (Bent Al Shatea), journalist & Muslim
- Abdel Raoof Al-Reedy, former Ambassador of Egypt to USA &
- Dr. Zaki Naguib Mahmoud, writer and
- Professor Maher Fawzy, professor of anesthesia at Cairo
University & a pioneer in pain management in Egypt & Arab
- Diaa eldin Daoud, Politician and former head of the Democratic
Arabic Nasserian party.
el-Mahgoub, former Head of the Egyptian Parliament and a member
of the ruling National Democratic Party.
- Hasaballah El-Kafrawy, former ministr of housing and intiator
of modern Egyptian housing planning.
- Hamdy Ashour, former governor of Cairo.
- Dr Helmy Al-Hadidy, Former minister of health.
- Mohammed El-Zayyat, former minister of forigen affairs.
- Sa'd Ardash, one of the Egyptian theater pioneers.
- Rifaat El-Fanagiley, Captain and Right hand shooter of Al-Ahly
& Egypt team in 1950s & 1960s.
- Ali Salem the political playwright.
- Riyad el-Sonbaty the Composer.
- Yousry Al-Gindy the writer.
- Yousef Edris the writer & Psychaitrist.
- Farag Foda secular
writer shot to death in his office on 8 June 1992 by two Islamic
fundamentalists from the Al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya
- Dorreyia Sharf el-Din the media reporter and writer
- Salama al-Dommiaty the Cairo Patessiare.
Market street in Damietta
- White Dammiat Cheese (Domiati) and other dairy products that spread
in Egypt, Greece, Cyprus, Sudan
- Furniture & wood work antiques
- Pattisiare and Egyptian desserts.
- Weaving and clothes (Now vanishing)
- Containers transport through the new port
- A frigate of the Egyptian Navy bought from US Navy USS Jesse L. Brown
(FF-1089) was renamed the Damyat after Damietta.
kassasii (Baha El Din, 1993) "Damietta Toad" one of the genus
- It was visited by LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin in 1929.
- Seat of the Coptic Orthodox Metropolis of Damietta,
Kafr-el-Sheikh, and Bararye, under jurisdiction of H.E.
- The Greek Orthodox
bishop was based in Damietta in the church of Agios Nikolaos.
Donkin, Robin A. (2003). Between East and West: The Moluccas and
the Traffic in Spices Up to the Arrival of Europeans. Diane
Publishing Company. ISBN 0871692481.
Remfry, P.M., (1997). Buckenham Castles, 'The Aubignys and the
Fifth Crusade, 1218 to 1221'. ISBN 1-899376-05-4.
Coordinates: 31°25′N 31°49′E / 31.417°N