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(Redirected to Moisture article)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dew on a spider web

Moisture generally refers to the presence of water, often in trace amounts.

The moisture content is often an important aspect of foodstuffs including cheese and many dried goods such as tea where excess moisture can promote bacterial growth, decay, molding, or rotting over time.

Excessive moisture is usually undesirable and can also cause rot in wood or other organic material, corrosion in metals, and electrical short circuits. Many home and business owners go to great pains to prevent these effects. Many products are sold to prevent this. Some foodstuffs and other packaged products come with desiccators, often made of silicon oxide, to absorb moisture.

In skin, leather, and wood, moisture can also refer to natural oils.

Moisture is also sometimes used to refer to the liquid form of solvents other than water, especially when present in a solid.

Moisture is also used to refer to any type of precipitation.

See also


Source material

Up to date as of January 22, 2010
(Redirected to The Damp article)

From Wikisource

The Damp
by John Donne

WHEN I am dead, and doctors know not why,
            And my friends' curiosity
Will have me cut up to survey each part,
When they shall find your picture in my heart,
            You think a sudden damp of love
            Will thorough all their senses move,
And work on them as me, and so prefer
Your murder to the name of massacre,

Poor victories; but if you dare be brave,
            And pleasure in your conquest have,
First kill th' enormous giant, your Disdain;
And let th' enchantress Honour, next be slain;
            And like a Goth and Vandal rise,
            Deface records and histories
Of your own arts and triumphs over men,
And without such advantage kill me then,

For I could muster up, as well as you,
            My giants, and my witches too,
Which are vast Constancy and Secretness;
But these I neither look for nor profess;
            Kill me as woman, let me die
            As a mere man; do you but try
Your passive valour, and you shall find then,
Naked you have odds enough of any man.


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

DAMP, a common Teutonic word, meaning vapour or mist (cf. Ger. Dampf, steam), and hence moisture. In its primitive sense the word persists in the vocabulary of coal-miners. Their "firedamp" (formerly fulminating damp) is marsh gas, which, when mixed with air and exploded, produced "choke damp," "after damp," or "suffocating damp" (carbon dioxide). "Black damp" consists of accumulations of irrespirable gases, mostly nitrogen, which cause the lights to burn dimly, and the term "white damp" is sometimes applied to carbon monoxide. As a verb, the word means to stifle or check; hence damped vibrations or oscillations are those which have been reduced or stopped, instead of being allowed to die out naturally; the "dampers" of the piano are small pieces of feltcovered wood which fall upon the strings and stop their vibrations as the keys are allowed to rise; and the "damper" of a chimney or flue, by restricting the draught, lessens the rate of combustion.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010
(Redirected to damp article)

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Contents

English

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Etymology

Akin to Low German damp, Dutch damp, and Danish damp (vapor, steam, fog), German Dampf, Icelandic dampi, Swedish damm (dust), and to German dampf imperative of dimpfen (to smoke). Also Old English dampen (to choke, suffocate).

Pronunciation

Adjective

damp (comparative damper, superlative dampest)

  1. Being in a state between dry and wet; moderately wet; moist.
    • O'erspread with a damp sweat and holy fear - John Dryden
  2. (obsolete) Pertaining to or affected by noxious vapours; dejected, stupified.
    • 1667, All these and more came flocking; but with looks / Down cast and damp - John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 1, ll. 522-3

Translations

Derived terms

Noun

Singular
damp

Plural
countable and uncountable; plural damps

damp (countable and uncountable; plural damps)

  1. (archaic, uncountable) Moisture; humidity; fog; fogginess; vapor.
    • Night . . . with black air Accompanied, with damps and dreadful gloom. - John Milton
  2. (archaic) Dejection; depression; cloud of the mind.
    • Even now, while thus I stand blest in thy presence, A secret damp of grief comes o'er my soul. - Joseph Addison
    • It must have thrown a damp over your autumn excursion. - James David Forbes
  3. (archaic, mining) A gaseous product, formed in coal mines, old wells, pits, etc.

Translations

Derived terms

Verb

Infinitive
to damp

Third person singular
damps

Simple past
damped

Past participle
damped

Present participle
damping

to damp (third-person singular simple present damps, present participle damping, simple past and past participle damped) (transitive)

  1. (archaic) To dampen; to render damp; to moisten; to make humid, or moderately wet; as, to damp cloth.
  2. (archaic) To put out, as fire; to depress or deject; to deaden; to cloud; to check or restrain, as action or vigor; to make dull; to weaken; to discourage.
  3. To suppress vibrations (mechanical) or oscillations (electrical) by converting energy to heat (or some other form of energy).
    • To damp your tender hopes - Mark Akenside
    • Usury dulls and damps all industries, improvements, and new inventions, wherein money would be stirring if it were not for this slug - Francis Bacon
    • How many a day has been damped and darkened by an angry word! - Sir John Lubbock
    • The failure of his enterprise damped the spirit of the soldiers. - Thomas Babington Macaulay
    • Hollow rollers damp vibration. - [1]

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Anagrams


Danish

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Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Damp

Wikipedia da

Noun

damp c. (singular definite dampen, plural indefinite dampe)

  1. steam

Inflection

Verb

damp

  1. Imperative of dampe.

Dutch

Noun

damp m. (plural dampen)

  1. vapour (UK), vapor (US)

Derived terms


Swedish

Verb

damp

  1. preterit active of dimpa

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