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Dandong
—  Prefecture-level city  —
Chinese transcription(s)
 - Simplified
 - Pinyin Dāndōng
Location of Dandong in Liaoning
Dandong is located in China
Dandong
Location within China
Coordinates (city(2410000)): 40°07′N 124°23′E / 40.117°N 124.383°E / 40.117; 124.383
Country China
Province Liaoning
Districts and Counties
Government
 - CPC Dandong Committee Secretary
 - Mayor Chen Tiexin
Area
 - Prefecture-level city 15,222 km2 (5,877.2 sq mi)
 - Urban 832 km2 (321.2 sq mi)
Population (2004)[1]
 - Prefecture-level city 2,409,697
 - Urban 780,414
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 415
Website http://www.dandong.gov.cn/

Dandong (simplified Chinese: 丹东traditional Chinese: 丹東pinyin: Dāndōng, Wade-Giles: Tan-Tung; previously known as Andong and Antung) is a city in the Liaoning Province, China. It is on the border between China and North Korea, marked by the Yalu River. Also at this point, the river flows into Korea Bay. The size of the administrative city is 14,910 square kilometers; the urban city is 563 square kilometers in size and has 780,414 inhabitants. The administrative city covers around 2.4 million inhabitants as of 2000.

The Hushan (Tiger Mountain) Great Wall, the far Eastern end of the Great Wall of China, is located here.[2 ]

Dandong is designated a major export production center in Liaoning province.[3] Dandong is a port city connected by rail with Shenyang and Sinuiju in North Korea. [4]

Contents

Administrative divisions

Dandong is divided into 3 districts, 2 towns and one autonomous county:

Geography

Dandong is located on the Northwestern border of North Korea, sharing the Yalu River as a respective boundary line with the city of Sinuiju. It is situated at the mouth of the Yalu River delta which converges with the Yellow Sea, Korean Bay, and the East China Sea. The city has therefore had a dynamic history because of its strategic location for the northeast’s rich natural resources and because of its convenient access to the ocean.

The city enjoys a reputation as a great place to live because of the moderate temperatures in comparison to the surrounding areas. While the city is known for its pleasant weather, it is also home to long winters and relatively cool summers. The winter temperatures can dip down to -20°C (–4°F) and the summer temperatures can reach 35°C (95°F). Winter usually begins in late November or December and goes to the end of March (about 4 months), with the most severe cold only lasting around three weeks during December, January or February.

History

Maps and artifacts suggest that the area has been settled since the Zhou Dynasty. The area became known as Andong (安東), county in 1876. Andong, which stands for pacifying the east, was so named to reflect the power projection that China had over Korea at the time. It was occupied by Japan after the start of the first Sino-Japanese War in 1894. During the Manchukuo era it was the capital of Andong Province, one of the fourteen provinces established by Manchukuo. Then, in 1907, it was opened as a treaty port. It adopted its present name on January 20, 1965, which means “red east,” to avoid connotation of its previous name, which was considered imperialistic by some. Recently, the city has been gaining influence in this region of China because of its market with North Korea and the government’s future plans to develop the city into a special “Border Economic Cooperation Zone” for export and import, in order to expand the country’s ability to conduct trade.

Demographics

In the latest official census of 2000, Dandong’s total resident population (which includes the districts of Zhenxing, Yuanbao, and Zhen’an) was 780,414 people, while Dandong proper had a total population of 2.4 million. In 2005, the resident population was approximated to be 751,914 with a floating population of 176,926, for a total of 928,840. However, the non-agricultural (urban) population is said to consist of only 79.52% of the resident population (597,930). It is unclear what the floating population consists of or where they live, but it is suspected that most of the migrant population is people from the country-side looking for work, local and foreign businessmen, and students. In 2000, there were 244,430 family households (with a pop. of 741,882) and 4,955 collective households (with a pop. of 38,532). The demographic ratio of men to women was 99.52 males to every 100 females. Also, 81.61% of the population was above 15 years of age; thus, 18.39% of the population was under 15 in the year 2000.

The ethnic Han people make up approximately 87.6% of the city’s population. The Manchus are the second most populous ethnic group and officially make up 9.6% of the population; yet, other sources figure the Manchu population to be around 30%, which reflects the historical concentration of Manchus in this area and their subsequent acculturation. The Manchu minority group has become so acculturated into the Han majority that there remains little or no distinction between the two, although a number of Manchu words have remained in the local lexicon. The Hui make up the next most populous minority at 1.5%. Although not recognised by the city's official census figures, there is a thriving Korean minority group estimated at 20-30,000 ethnic Koreans which would place them as the second largest minority in the city (at around 2.16%+ of the total estimated pop. for 2004). A number of signs and advertisements are in both Mandarin and Korean and there are many Korean restaurants and shops as well as some Korean churches, schools and other cultural institutions.

Economy

China handles roughly 40% of North Korea’s worldwide export trade ($1.58 of 4 billion USD) and “half of the bilateral commerce with China goes through Dandong” which “imports $468 million [USD worth of product], according to its Ministry of Commerce.” Dandong’s annual resident per capita wage income for 2004 was somewhere between ¥9,500 and ¥12,237 RMB and the city’s GDP was 3.77 billion USD. Interestingly, the city had “5.86 million tourists” in 2004, of which 16,000 of those traveled into North Korea; another 81,000 of those were from overseas and pumped $27.54 million USD into the economy. During 2004, “the total tourism income was 4.02 billion Yuan [RMB],” and this was an increase of almost 33% from the previous year.[5]

Infrastructure

Road

From the long-distance bus station it takes about 10 hours to get to Beijing, four hours to Dalian and Tonghua, and three hours to Shenyang. [4]

Railways

Trains from Dandong to Shenyang are available several times a day with night trains to Beijing, Dalian, Changchun and Qingdao. From Dalian, the train takes a slow route of almost 10 hours. You can also take the train to Pyongyang, North Korea and Moscow, with the proper visas. [4]

Air

Flights to and from Dandong Airport are limited, but one can always fly in/out of Dalian or Shenyang and then take the train or bus to/from Dandong. The airport is located 13 miles west of town and an airport shuttle is available. Domestic flights are available to Beijing, Guangzhou, Qingdao, Sanya, Shanghai and Shenzhen.[3]

Ports and waterways

The Port of Dandong is located on the right bank at the mouth of the Yalu River. It is bordered by the Yellow Sea in the south and is separated from the North Korea in the east. It was set up as a trading port in 1907. Since large-scale construction began in the mid 1980s, the Port, together with the ports at Dalian and Yingkou, has become an important distributing center in northeast China.[2 ]

Landmarks

The city is across the river from Sinŭiju, North Korea. The two cities are connected by the Sino-Korea Friendship Bridge (中朝友谊桥, also called the China-Korea Friendship Bridge). Another major landmark is Hushan Great Wall (虎山长城), which marks the eastern end of the start of the Ming Dynasty's extension to the Great Wall. Other interesting tourist spots include: a museum dedicated to the "War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea" (also known as the Korean War) and Jinjiang mountain (锦江山) that is now the city's biggest park, but used to be a Chinese army lookout.

Places

Mock ferris wheel with "Short Bridge" in foreground

Tourists can rent speed boats or passenger boats to approach the border and get a closer look at the North Korean city of Sinŭiju. North Koreans often gather close to the river's edge, waving to foreigners as they cruise by. There is a rarely used ferris wheel in Sinŭiju that tourists are able to see from across the Yalu River. This is a highlight for tourists wishing to catch a glimpse of North Korea.

Friendship cities

Dandong is a Sister City with the following cities:

References

  1. ^ Dandong China-Dandong Briefing-Population and Employment
  2. ^ a b "China Expat city Guide Dalian". China Expat. 2008. http://www.chinaexpat.com/list/88. Retrieved 2009-02-08.  
  3. ^ a b "Dezan Shira & Associates". Dezan Shira & Associates. 2009. http://www.dezshira.com. Retrieved 2009-02-08.  
  4. ^ a b c "China Briefing Business Reports". Asia Briefing. 2009. http://shopping.china-briefing.com/index_eproduct_view.php?products_id=21. Retrieved 2009-02-08.  
  5. ^ "China Briefing Guide". Dandong Municipal People's Government. 2005. http://www.dandong.gov.cn/. Retrieved 2009-03-22.  

External links

Coordinates: 40°07′N 124°23′E / 40.117°N 124.383°E / 40.117; 124.383


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Dandong (丹东; Dāndōng; formerly Andong (安东)), is a city in Liaoning Province, China, right next to the North Korean border.

Understand

Travellers come to Dandong for its vicinity to the North Korean border. See the get out section for further details.

Situated at the confluence of the Yalu River and the Yellow Sea in the southeast of Liaoning Peninsula, facing the north Korean town of Xinyizhou across the Yalu River, small Dandong enjoys its reputation as the largest border city in China.

The geographic setting and the rich natural resources of Dandong account for its recent development into a city characterized by the light industry, silk industry (every late May, Dandong is the venue for the Oriental Silk Festival), and also Xiu Jade is very famouse. sea products and special products, such as Ginseng, hawthorn and chestnut.

The quiet riverside city is most famous for the pockmarked Yalu River Bridge spanning distressingly over the river. The bridge survived the bombing during the Korean War, a time when the city still had its old name Andong. Now it is open to the public to commemorate "the defeat of the American Aggression" and is the first choice for a glimpse of North Korea.

Get in

By plane

Dandong Airport (IATA: DDG) - Flights from Dandong are limited, so it is probably better to fly in/out of Dalian or Shenyang and then take the train or bus to/from Dandong. Airport is 13 miles west of town and an airport shuttle is available. Flights are available from Guangzhou, Qingdao, Sanya, Shanghai, and Shenzhen.

By train

Trains from Shenyang several times a day with night trains from Beijing, Dalian, Changchun and Qingdao. From Dalian, the train takes a slow route of almost 10 hours, while buses can complete the journey in 4. You can also take the train from Pyongyang, North Korea and Moscow and Russia.

By bus

The long-distance bus station is at 98 Shiwei Lu, near the train station.

  • Beijing - takes about 10 hours
  • Shenyang - takes about 3 hours
  • Tonghua - takes about 5 hours

Dalian Express Buses leave from the Baoshan Shicheng on Gong'an Jie. The trip takes about 4 hours.

By boat

A ferry between Dandong and Incheon port (South Korea) leaves Incheon's Ferry Terminal No. 1 at 5 pm on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday and leaves Dandong at 3 pm on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. The passage takes 15 hours.

Get around

As the city of Dandong is not large and the lack of efficient public transportation, the taxi is probaly the most common using for getting around. Almost all of the drivers accept the price of ¥10 anywhere inside the city.

View of North Korea from Dandong
View of North Korea from Dandong
  • North Korean Border (北韩边界; Běihánbiānjiè). As the boundary between China and North Korea, the Yalu River flows over 300 km between the countries. Yalujiang Park is the best place to view North Korea, visit the original bridge across the river and possibly take a fast boat ride up and down the river along the border. The Yalu Jiang Duan Qiao bridge reaches only halfway across the river, the other half having been disassembled by the Koreans. The remaining half was strafed by fighter planes in the Korean War. For ¥20 one can walk out to the end of this half-bridge.  edit
  • Cenotaph of the War to Resist U.S. Aggression and Aid Korea. A large museum and monument built on a hill overlooking downtown Dandong and the Yalu river. The many, well-labeled bilingual exhibits venerate the courageous Chinese “Volunteers” Army, and offer a rather different perspective on the history of the Korean war.   edit
  • Dagu Mountain (大孤山; Dàgūshān; lit. Lonely Mountain), (90 km southwest of Dandong, access is by bus from Dandong to town of Gushan). Several Tang dynasty Taoist temples occupy the mountain site.  edit
  • Hushan Great Wall (虎山长城; Hǔshānchángchéng; lit. Tiger Mountain Great Wall), (25 km northeast of Dandong). Ming dynasty section of Great Wall of China which travels parallel to river was restored to decent condition. The section is steep so watch footing.  edit
  • Cross into North Korea. It is possible to cross into Sinuiju, North Korea by train from Dandong, and then change trains to get to Pyongyang. Numerous local tour groups can sort out the paperwork without referring to Beijing and arrange a relatively budget-friendly visit to Pyongyang for Chinese and foreign tourists. The cheapest deals involve joining a large group and can go as low as around ¥2000 for a three night/four day package. Bargain hard. Of course, the usual restrictions apply (see North Korea for details).  edit

Buy

Most shops offer products at a deeply discounted rate.

Eat

The town, because of the location, has a lot of Korean restaurants with most congregating on the street facing the river. Give the shiguo Banfan (stonepot rice), also known as bibimbop in Korean, a try as well as the huoguo (hot pot). If you think you could handle it, xiangla gourou (spicy dog) is something that could be made available to you. There are also a few North Korean restaurants in town (owned by the North Korean government, with North Korean waitresses), recognizable by the Chinese and North Korean flags over the entrances.

  • Dandong Yalujiang Mansion, 87 Jiuwei Road, +86 415 212 5901 (fax: +86 41 5212 6180).  edit
  • Post & Telecommunications Hotel, 78 Qiwei Road, +86 415 216 6888 (fax: +86 41 5213 5988).  edit
  • Zhonglian Dajiuian, Shangmao Lüyou Qu A Qu, +86 415 317 0666 (fax: +86 41 5317 0888), [1]. Great views and comfortable rooms with a bowling alley, cigar room, and western buffet. The cafe has views of North Korea, 143 rooms.  edit
  • North Korea - If you are interested in paying a visit to North Korea, you´ll usually have to wait for weeks to see your visa application through. Visitors with American, Israeli and South Korean nationalities are unqualified to apply except during the Arirang mass games. But don´t worry, you can still learn a lot about North Korea on the streets of Dandong, where vendors sell North Korean stamps and propaganda posters and frequently you´ll see Korean writing on boards over shops. In the hotels you can watch North Korean TV - the city is so close to North Korea, you can feel the strong influence of Korean culture everywhere. Recent reports speculate that travel restrictions have been somewhat eased, and visa processing faster for some nationalities.
  • Changbaishan Nature Reserve- from Dandong, you can easily get to the Changbaishan Nature Reserve in Jilin Province.
  • Fenghuangshan National Park — 52 km northwest of Dandong, 840m high mountain dotted with Tang, Ming and Qing dynasty temples, monasteries and pagodas.
  • The city of Dalian and its wonderful coastlines
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