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Daniel Smith (October 29, 1748 – June 16, 1818) was a surveyor, an American Revolutionary War patriot, and twice a United States Senator from Tennessee.

Biography

Smith was born in Stafford County, Virginia. He attended the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia. Becoming a surveyor, he moved to Augusta County, Virginia, becoming deputy surveyor of that county in 1773. As a militia officer he helped defend the Virginia frontier in Dunmore's War and the American Revolutionary War. He became sheriff of Augusta County in 1780 and was commissioned a colonel, fighting in some of the later battles of the Revolutionary War, including Guilford Courthouse and Kings Mountain. On October 5, 1781, Smith was appointed "Assistant Deputy Surveyor" in the Southern Department of the Continental Army under Thomas Hutchins.

At the close of the war Smith moved to what became Sumner County, Tennessee to occupy his land grant. As county surveyor, he surveyed what became the site of the town of Nashville, Tennessee. He was prominent in local affairs and was appointed a brigadier general in the militia. He was a member of the 1789 North Carolina convention which voted to ratify the United States Constitution. In 1790, President George Washington named him Secretary of the Southwest Territory. Smith was a member of the convention that wrote the Tennessee State Constitution of 1796, which came into effect with its statehood on June 1, 1796. Smith prepared the first official map of Tennessee.

Smith was later appointed as United States Senator when Andrew Jackson resigned from that position (for the first time), serving from October 6, 1798 to March 3, 1799. He was later elected to his own Senate term, serving from March 4, 1805 to March 31, 1809 when he resigned and returned to his Sumner County estate, Rock Castle, near Hendersonville, pursuing his agricultural and business interests until his death there, being interred in an adjacent family plot.

Rock Castle is preserved today as an historical landmark and one of the early examples in Middle Tennessee of a plantation.

References

External links

United States Senate
Preceded by
Andrew Jackson
United States Senator (Class 1) from Tennessee
1798-1799
Served alongside: Joseph Anderson
Succeeded by
Joseph Anderson
Preceded by
William Cocke
United States Senator (Class 2) from Tennessee
1805-1809
Served alongside: Joseph Anderson
Succeeded by
Jenkin Whiteside
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