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Danish Gold Coast: Wikis


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The Danish Gold Coast was a part of the Gold Coast (roughly present-day Ghana), which is on the West African Gulf of Guinea (hence the territory is sometimes called Danish Guinea). It was colonized by the Danes, first under indirect rule by the Danish West India Company (a chartered company), later as a crown colony.


From 1658 several Danish settlements were established on the eastern Gold Coast:

  • Fort Christiansborg (Accra/Osu: 1658-April 1659,1661-Dec 1680, February 1683-1693,1694-1850)
  • Carlsborg (February 1658-16 April 1659, 22 April 1663 - 3 May 1664)
  • Cong (Cong Height: 1659-24 April 1661)
  • Fort Frederiksborg (Amanful or Amanfro: 1659-16 April 1685)
  • Fort Fredensborg (Ningo: 1734-March 1850)
  • Fort Augustaborg (Tshe: 1787-March 1850)
  • Fort Prinsensten (Keta: 1780-12 March 1850)
  • Fort Kongensten (Ada: 1784-March 1850)

On April 20, 1663, the Danish seizure of Fort Christiansborg and Carlsborg (Cape Castle) completed the annexation of the Swedish Gold Coast settlements. 1674 - 1755 the settlements were administered by the Danish West India-Guinea Company. December 1680 - 29 August 1682 the Portuguese occupy Fort Christiansborg.

In 1750 it was made a Danish crown colony. 1782 - 1785 it was under British occupation. On 30 March 1850 all Danish Gold Coast Settlements were sold to Britain and incorporated into the British Gold Coast.

  • The title of its chief colonial administrator was Opperhoved (singular; sometimes rendered in English as Station Chief) since 1658, only in 1766 upgraded to Governor.

For the office-holders, see Colonial Heads of Danish Gold Coast

External links

Sources and references



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