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Danish People's Party
Dansk Folkeparti
Leader Pia Kjærsgaard
Founded 1995
Headquarters Christiansborg,
1240 København K
Ideology National conservatism,[1]
Right-wing populism,[1]
Euroscepticism
International affiliation None
European affiliation None
European Parliament Group Europe of Freedom and Democracy
Official colours Red, White
Parliament:
European Parliament:
Website
www.danskfolkeparti.dk
Politics of Denmark
Political parties
Elections

The Danish People's Party (Danish: Dansk Folkeparti) is a right-wing populist, national conservative, political party in Denmark. In the 2007 parliamentary election, it took 25 seats in the 179-member Folketinget (an increase of 1 seat), with 13.8% of the vote, remaining the third largest party in Denmark. Its chairwoman and founder is Pia Kjærsgaard.

Since 2001 the party has supported a government consisting of the Liberal and Conservative parties. While not being a part of the cabinet, the Danish People's Party maintains a close cooperation with the government parties on most issues. In return for their parliamentary support, the party has required a legislative effort for a strict policy towards immigrants and potential refugees.[2]

The DPP has been described as a radical right-wing populist party. It is generally more populist than traditionally right wing, being a strong proponent for some social programmes, such as pensions and other benefits for seniors.

In the 2009 elections for the European Parliament the prime candidate Morten Messerschmidt won his seat in a landslide with 284,500 personal votes; thus giving the party a second seat (which went to Anna Rosbach Andersen).[3]

Contents

History

Denmark

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Denmark


2001 · 2005 · 2007

See also


Other countries · Atlas
Politics portal

The party was founded on October 6, 1995, after Pia Kjærsgaard, Kristian Thulesen Dahl, Poul Nødgaard and Ole Donner left the Progress Party. The party made its electoral debut in the 1998 Danish parliamentary election, winning 13 seats. Later, in the 2001 election, they won 22 seats. They became the third largest party in the parliament and supported the Conservative-Liberal coalition government, headed by Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen, in exchange for the implementation of some of their key demands, for example strict policies on immigration. The party won 24 seats in the 2005 election.

In 2006, the party's popularity rose dramatically in opinion polls following the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy, at the expense of the Social Democrats. This effect, however, somewhat waned with the falling media attention to the cartoons controversy.

In the November 2007 parliamentary elections, the Danish People's Party got 13.9 % and 25 seats (a gain of 0.7 % and one seat). Thus, in every election since its founding the party has had a steady growth, although the growth rate has stagnated somewhat in recent years. An interesting feature, compared to other Danish parties, is that the Danish People's Party is usually underrepresented by about 1-1.5 % in opinion polls. Election researchers have suggested that the party's voters may be less interested in politics, and therefore declining to talk to pollsters, or that voters are reluctant to reveal non-politically-correct opinions to pollsters.[4]

Policies

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Core issues

Immigration

The party hold that Denmark is not naturally a country of immigration, and has never been so. The party does also not accept a multi-ethnic "transformation" of Denmark,[5] and opposes multiculturalism.[2]

Other domestic

Foreign

  • To oppose a reduction of Denmark's sovereignty by the EU
  • To maintain the Danish krone and not implement the Euro
  • Opposition to Turkish EU Membership
  • Support of Israel in its conflict with Hamas
  • International recognition of Taiwan and support of Taiwan in its disputes with China
  • Support of a free Tibet
  • Support of the US-led 'War on Terrorism'
  • Harsher criticism of, and support for sanctions against, totalitarian regimes and dictatorships (especially communist and Islamist regimes)

Results

Cooperation with the Conservative-Liberal coalition government resulted in the implementation of some of their key demands, such as strong immigration restriction policies, which have resulted in what have been described as Europe's strictest immigration laws.[6] The new government enacted rules that prevented Danish citizens and others from bringing a foreign spouse into the country unless both partners were aged 24 or over, passed a solvency test showing the Dane had not claimed social security for 12 months and could lodge a bond of 60,011 kroner (about 10,100 USD). One declared aim of this was to fight arranged marriages. These new rules had the effect that while about 8,151 family reunification permits were granted in 2002, the number had fallen to 3,525 by 2005. Some social benefits for refugees were also cut by 30-40% during their first seven years in the country, ordinary unemployment benefits being replaced by a reduced start-up aid. Whereas the government coalition's declared aim with this was to improve integration by inciting people to work, immigration spokesman Søren Krarup of the Danish People's Party has expressed his content in that the start-up aid has decreased the number of economic refugees greatly, showing them that "one does not find gold in the streets in Denmark".[7]

The DPP supported the coalition government in deploying Danish military forces to Iraq.

In March 2007, DPP representatives (such as Peter Skaarup) proposed that forced 'chemical castration' should be used on sexual offenders.

Critique

The changes to Denmark's immigration laws drew some criticism from the former social democratic government of Sweden, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the Council of Europe's human rights commissioner. In a response to the criticism from the Swedish government Pia Kjaersgaard said: "If they want to turn Stockholm, Gothenburg or Malmö into a Scandinavian Beirut, with clan wars, honour killings and gang rapes, let them do it. We can always put a barrier on the Øresund Bridge."[6] The remark was offensive to many Swedes, and she later insisted that the remark about the Øresund Bridge was meant to be ironic.

The popularity of DPP

Since its founding, the party has gained electoral support in every election. While opposition to mass immigration and Islamification is central to the aims of the party, other issues are thought to have added to the popularity of the party:

  • Ideological Novelty: The DPP combines support of the welfare state, and particularly benefits for pensioners, with strongly conservative policies on immigration and law and order. As such it is distinctive from the mainstream parties and offers policies which appeal across the traditional right-left dividing line. Polls have shown that a great deal of the party's voters are former Social Democrats, concerned with the decline of the welfare state. An analysis by the trade union SiD after the 2001 election stated that among unskilled workers aged under 40, 30% voted for DPP and only 25% for the Social Democrats.[8]
  • Euroscepticism: In Denmark, only two parties have been against all new EU treaties throughout their existence. Those parties are DPP and the left-wing Enhedslisten. Whereas most politicians favour a more dominant EU, public opinion is broadly skeptical and in favour of the nation state keeping its powers. Referendums brought the rejection of the Maastricht treaty and the Euro. The DPP has managed to harness this scepticism more effectively than the left-wingers.
  • Outspokenness (populism): Some analysts believe that Pia Kjærsgaard, a former domestic nurse, appeals well to the 'common man' because she is different from the traditional political class of economists and academics. In combination with her critical stance towards non-Western immigration and Islam, this has given her strong support among workers and lower middle class voters. Danish political commentators generally acknowledge that Pia Kjærsgaard and her party maintain clear and direct stances on the most central political issues of the party[citation needed], and have been able to set the agenda more than the size of the party would make one expect.

Results

Election # of seats won # of total votes  % of popular vote
1998 13 252,429 7.4%
2001 22 413,987 12.0%
2005 24 444,205 13.2%
2007 25 479,532 13.8%

See also

Further reading

References

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

The Danish People's Party (Danish: Dansk Folkeparti) is a social conservative, nationalist political party in Denmark. In the 2005 parliamentary elections, it took 24 seats out of 175 (an increase of 2 seats), with 13.3% of the vote, making it the third largest party in Denmark.

Sourced

  • "The Islamic political-religious movement deals with world supremacy, as did other fanatic political ideologies in history. This world supremacy they are not able to achieve by military means, but try to achieve by flooding the world with people. All western countries are infiltrated by the Muslims - and some of them speak to us nicely, while they wait to be many enough to have us removed - like in the Sudan, Indonesia, Nigeria and in the Balkans." (MEP Mogens Camre, Danish People's Party's annual meeting (September 16, 2001). [1]Note: the written copy of Camre's speech, as handed out to the press says "kill us" in place of "have us removed".'
  • "Judaism, because of its Jesus-negating teachings, is an apostasy and blasphemy." (MP Jesper Langballe, Kristeligt Dagblad, (November 3, 1999))
  • "Islam is a plague upon Europe." (MP Jesper Langballe, Speech from the podium of Danish Parliament (May 31, 2002))
  • "It has been mentioned that September 11 became the beginning of a fight between civilizations. I don't agree about this, because a fight between civilisations would imply that there were two civilisations, and that is not the case. There is only one civilization, and that is ours. Our opponents can't plead to belong to a civilisation, because a civilised world would never be able to carry out an attack which contains so much hatred, so much savagery, so much abomination. With this, I regard September 11 as an attack on civilisation itself. On the civilisation which decent people have built up during decades and centuries, and which is based on uprightness and freedom. The others want to implement ferocity, the primitive, the barbaric, the medieval." [2] (Pia Kjærsgaard, during the opening debate of the Danish Folketing (October 4, 2001).)
  • "We know the problem lies in those Muslim groups that come from the Middle East, and that other immigrant groups are harmless. So if Denmark shall not lock itself in totally, we have to distinguish between ethnic and religious groups. In fact I mean simply Muslims from all countries and not just in the Middle East."[3] (MP and immigration spokesman Jesper Langballe, DR news, (December 4, 2005).)
  • "Criticism of Islam as such and Muslims in general are not the political business of DPP. But direct, purposeful, unambiguous critique of and dissociation from Islamism and Islamists are both welcome and necessary."MPs.[4] (Internal email to MPs from the party's press secretary Søren Espersen.)
  • "The Social Security Act is passé, because it was tailored to a Danish family tradition and work moral and not to Muslims for whom it is fair to be provided for by others, while the wife gives birth to a lot of children. The child benefit grant is being taken advantage of, as an immigrant achieves a record income due to a small dozen of children. New punishment limits must be introduced for gang rapes, because the problem only arrived with the vandalism of the many anti-social second generation immigrants." [5] (Pia Kjærsgaard's newsletter (February 25, 2002))
  • "Let me say it clearly: Muslims should live in Muslim-Country, and this is not here." (MEP Mogens Camre, Danish People's Party's annual meeting (September 19, 2004))
  • "We should withdraw from UN Refugee Convention and we should block EU's Charter for Fundamental Rights which is directed against the Europeans. We must change the Alien's Law, and if need be we must change both the Danish Constitution and Penal Law so that it becomes possible to defend democracy and to send political-religious rebels, criminals and parasites out of the country. This is the final call." (MEP Mogens Camre, Horsens Folkeblad (May 18, 2004))
  • "Islam has been a terrorist organisation from its very beginning." (MP Martin Henriksen, Politiken (December 2, 2005))
  • "Where Christianity rules, matters are related to the love of the tings that one holds dear. On the other hand, where Islam rules, matters are related to a higher selfrightousness which logically culminates in an all consuming hatred and a scary urge to exterminate other people." (MP Søren Krarup, Berlingske Tidende (February 2, 2005))
  • "Not in their wildest imagination would anyone [in 1900] have imagined, that large parts of Copenhagen and other Danish towns would be populated by people who are at a lower stage of civilisation, with their own primitive and cruel customs like honour killings, forced marriages, halal slaughtering and blood-feuds. This is exactly what is happening now. Thousands upon thousands of persons, who apparently - civilisationally, culturally and spiritually - lives in the year of 1005 instead of 2005, that have come to a country [Denmark] left the dark ages hundreds of years ago." (MP Pia Kjærsgaard, Weekly Commentary (June 13 2005))

References

  1. http://www.ole-krarup.dk/pages/1.php?nr=39
  2. http://ft.dk/?/samling/20061/MENU/00000002.htm
  3. http://www.dr.dk/Nyheder/Politik/2005/12/04/131947.htm
  4. http://www.humanisme.dk/artikler/kronik067.php
  5. http://www.danskfolkeparti.dk/sw/frontend/detail.asp?parent=19106&typeid=13&id=169&menu_parent=&layout=0

External links

Wikipedia
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