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Dantan
Dantan
Location of Dantan
in West Bengal and India
Coordinates 21°57′N 87°16′E / 21.95°N 87.27°E / 21.95; 87.27
Country  India
State West Bengal
District(s) Paschim Medinipur
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

25 m (82 ft)
Website paschimmedinipur.gov.in/

Dantan (Bengali: দাঁতন), often also spelled as Danton, is a border town in Kharagpur subdivision, Paschim Medinipur district of West Bengal state in India, bordering Sonakonia in Orissa. The name also gives rise to two subdivisional blocks, Dantan-I and Dantan-II.

Contents

History

According to some, the name is derived from Dandabhukti, which was an ancient territorial unit of Gupta Empire.[1]

Dantan, was later a part of Hijli Kingdom. It was a thriving town on the route to the Jagannath Temple in Puri when Chaitanya Mahaprabhu reportedly passed through here in the 16th century.

Dantan is the location of at least three temples from the nineteenth century, the Jagannath Temple, the Shyamaleswar Temple, and the Chandaneswar Temple. All three temples are built in the curvilinear rekha style that is common to temples of Orissa.

Near the town, there are two major tanks, the Bidyadhar and the Sarasankha. The Bidyadhar tank was created by a minister named Bidyadhara of Pratap Rudra Deva, king of Gajapati Kingdom. The Sarasankha tank is attributed to the king Shashanka who ruled in the seventh century A.D.

Geography

Dantan is located at 21°57′N 87°16′E / 21.95°N 87.27°E / 21.95; 87.27.[2] It has an average elevation of 25 metres (82 feet). It is on NH 60.

Weather

The climate in Dantan follows a hot-tropical monsoon pattern with highs in the mid 40s°C in the summer (generally April to June), mid 30s°C during the monsoon season (June to August) and low 30s°C for most of the other times of the year. Winters (December to January) are usually mild with lows in the 10s°C and high in the low to mid 20s°C. Most of the precipitation is from the southeast monsoon which may bring in excess of 1500 mm of rainfall.

Tornadoes are relatively rare in West Bengal and Bangladesh, but one did occur on March 24, 1998 killing over 250 near Dantan.[3] Initially, this tornado was reported as a cyclone with wind speeds of close to 200 km/h that caused the destruction of an estimated 9,000 houses and injuries to 3,000 people.[4] Later the event was characterized as a tornado.[5]

Transportation

Dantan is connected by road from Kharagpur via Belda and from Orissa through Sonakonia. It is on NH 60. Dantan rail station is between Kharagpur and Balasore in the Kharagpur Division of the South-Eastern Railway.

Education

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College

Schools

  • Dantan High School
  • Dantan Binapani Girl's School
  • Dantan Shishu Siksha Mandir
  • School Melvin

Famous people

Politics

Current MLA from Dantan assembly constituency is Nanda Gopal Bhattacharya of CPI, who won the seat in State elections of 2006 and also earlier in 2001 and 1996. Ranajit Patra of CPI(M) was MLA from this seat in 1991. CPI candidate Kanai Bhowmik was MLA from this seat in 1987 and in 1982. Pradyot Kumar Mahanti of JNP had won this seat in 1977.[6]

Dantan assembly constituency is part of Midnapore (Lok Sabha constituency).[7]

References

  1. ^ Ray, Nihar Ranjan, Bangalir Itihas Adi Parba, (in Bengali), 1980 edition, p. 388, Paschim Banga Niraksharata Durikaran Samiti
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Dantan
  3. ^ Bangladesh Tornado Climatology
  4. ^ Rediff On The NeT: 175 die in Bengal cyclone, thousands homeless
  5. ^ Rediff On The NeT: West Bengal promises speedy relief
  6. ^ "State Elections 2006 - Partywise Comparision for 228-Dantan Constituency of West Bengal". Election Commission of India. http://eci.gov.in/electionanalysis/AE/S25/partycomp228.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-26.  
  7. ^ "Delimitation Commission Order No. 18". Table B – Extent of Parliamentary Constituencies. Government of West Bengal. http://ceowestbengal.nic.in/news_pdf/gazette123.pdf. Retrieved 2009-05-27.  

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