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City of Danville, Illinois
City
Seal
Country United States
State Illinois
County Vermilion
Elevation 600 ft (182.9 m)
Coordinates 40°07′28″N 87°37′53″W / 40.1244°N 87.6313°W / 40.1244; -87.6313
Area 17.1 sq mi (44.3 km2)
 - land 17.0 sq mi (44 km2)
 - water 0.1 sq mi (0 km2), 0.58%
 - urban 31 sq mi (80 km2)
Population 33,904 (2000)
 - urban 53,223
 - metro 82,786
Density 1,994.0 /sq mi (770 /km2)
Founded April 10, 1827 [1]
 - Incorporated Town ?
 - City Charter ?
Mayor Scott Eisenhauer
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 61832-61834
Area code 217
Location of Danville within Illinois
Location of Illinois in the United States
Website: www.cityofdanville.org

Danville is a city in Vermilion County, Illinois, United States. It is the principal city of the 'Danville, Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area' which encompasses all of Danville and Vermilion County. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 33,904. It is the county seat of Vermilion County[2].

Contents

Geography

Danville is located approximately 120 miles (190 km) south of Chicago, 35 miles (56 km) east of Champaign-Urbana, and 90 miles (140 km) west of Indianapolis, Indiana. Illinois Route 1, U.S. Route 136, and U.S. Route 150 intersect in Danville; Interstate 74 passes through the south end of town. Lake Vermilion is located on the northwest side of town.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.1 square miles (44.3 km²), of which, 17.0 square miles (44.0 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.58%) is water.

History

East Main Street circa 1910

Danville was founded in 1827 on 60 acres (240,000 m2) of land donated by Guy W. Smith and twenty donated by Dan W. Beckwith.[3] The sale of lots was set for April 10, 1827 and advertised in newspapers in Indianapolis, Indiana and the state capital of Vandalia.[1] The first post office was established in May of the same year in the house of Amos Williams, organizer of Vermilion and Edgar Counties and a prominent Danville citizen. Williams and Beckwith drew up the first plat map; the city was named after Dan Beckwith at Williams' suggestion, although Beckwith suggested the names "Williamsburg" and "Williamstown". Beckwith was born in Pennsylvania in 1795 and moved to Indiana as a young man; in 1819 he accompanied the first white explorers to the area where Danville later existed because of his interest in the salt springs of the Vermilion River. He died in 1835 of pneumonia contracted on a horseback ride back from Washington; he was 40 years old.[4]

The Elks' Club, Public Library, and YMCA buildings circa 1920

Danville became a major industrial city in the late 19th and early twentieth centuries. From the 1850s to the 1940s, Danville was an important coal mining area; some of the first open pit mining techniques were practiced here.[5] The coal formation underlying eastern Illinois and western Indiana is named the "Danville Member," after the area where it was first discovered.[6] With the closure of the mines and many factories, Danville's economic base suffered in the later half of the 20th century. Today the former mines are still an important natural resource; the pits have been restored into lakes, creating fishing and recreation opportunities at parks such as Kickapoo State Recreation Area.

North Vermilion Street circa 1941

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1840 503
1850 736 46.3%
1860 1,632 121.7%
1870 4,751 191.1%
1880 7,733 62.8%
1890 11,491 48.6%
1900 16,354 42.3%
1910 27,871 70.4%
1920 33,776 21.2%
1930 36,765 8.8%
1940 36,919 0.4%
1950 37,864 2.6%
1960 41,856 10.5%
1970 42,570 1.7%
1980 38,985 −8.4%
1990 33,828 −13.2%
2000 33,904 0.2%
Decennial US Census

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 33,904 people, 13,327 households, and 8,156 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,994.0 people per square mile (770.0/km²). There were 14,886 housing units at an average density of 875.5/sq mi (338.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 70.19% White, 24.37% African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.20% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.09% from other races, and 1.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.57% of the population.

There were 13,327 households out of which 28% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.8% were non-families. 33.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $30,431, and the median income for a family is $39,308. Males have a median income of $31,027 versus $22,303 for females. The per capita income for the city is $16,476. 18.1% of the population and 13.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 26.8% are under the age of 18 and 10.5% are 65 or older.

Parks and recreation

The City of Danville maintains 17 parks, including Harrison Park Golf Course.[8]

Retail

Danville's main shopping center is the Danville Village Mall, which includes Sears, Elder-Beerman and County Market.

Education

Colleges:

High schools:

Middle schools:

Grade schools:

  • Cannon
  • Danville Lutheran School
  • First Baptist Christian School
  • East Park
  • Edison
  • Garfield
  • Liberty
  • Meade Park
  • Northeast
  • Southwest
  • Holy Family
  • Saint Paul's

Notable people from Danville

Recent mayors

  • 1967–1971: Al Gardner[9]
  • 1971–1975: Rolland E. Craig
  • 1975–1985: David S. Palmer, namesake of David S. Palmer Arena
  • 1985: Wilbur Scharlau, appointed acting mayor by city council following Palmer's death.
  • 1985–1986 Hardin W. Hawes, appointed acting mayor following Scharlau's resignation.[10]
  • 1986–1987 Wilbur Scharlau, appointed mayor following resignation of Hawes.
  • 1987–2003: Robert E. Jones, namesake of Danville Municipal building.
  • 2003–present: Scott Eisenhauer

The City of Danville website maintains the complete list of mayors from 1867 to present.[11]

  • .

Transportation

The general aviation community is served by the Vermilion Regional Airport.

Danville is known as a major railroad intersection with at least four different tracks entering town from different directions, resulting in many crossings throughout the town. CSX Transportation, Norfolk Southern Railway, and Kankakee, Beaverville and Southern Railroad all operate rail lines that pass through Danville.[12]

References

  1. ^ a b Stapp, Katherine; W. I. Bowman (1968). History Under Our Feet: The Story of Vermilion County, Illinois. Danville, Illinois: Interstate Printers and Publishers, Inc.. pp. 54–55.  
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ Jones, Lottie E. (1911). History of Vermilion County, Illinois (volume 1). Chicago, Illinois: Pioneer Publishing Company. pp. 89.  
  4. ^ Wright, Bob (1987). Danville: A Pictorial History. St. Louis, Missouri: G. Bradley Publishing, Inc.. pp. 8. ISBN 094396301X.  
  5. ^ "Kickapoo - State Recreation Area." Illinois Department of Natural Resources website. [1] Accessed Oct. 20, 2007.
  6. ^ "Danville coal member." Indiana Geological Survey website. [2] Accessed Oct. 20, 2007.
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  8. ^ "Parks and Recreation." City of Danville website. [3] Accessed 4 Sept 2009.
  9. ^ Brian Huchel (2004-08-22). "Former Danville mayor dies". Commercial-News. http://www2.commercial-news.com/articles/news/article/7115.html. Retrieved 2009-10-28.  
  10. ^ Jennifer Weakley (2002-05-14). "Mayor's secretary retires". Commercial-News. http://www2.commercial-news.com/articles/news/article/4595.html. Retrieved 2009-10-28.  
  11. ^ "Mayoral History". City of Danville, Illinois. http://www.cityofdanville.org/index.php?cID=79. Retrieved 2009-10-28.  
  12. ^ "Illinois Railroad Map" (PDF). Illinois Department of Transportation. January, 2006. http://www.dot.il.gov/officialrailmap.pdf. Retrieved 2007-09-23.  

External links


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

Template:Geobox City Danville is a city in Vermilion County, Illinois, United States. It is the principal city of the 'Danville, Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area' which encompasses all of Danville and Vermilion County. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 33,904. It is the county seat of Vermilion CountyGR6.

Contents

Geography

Danville is located approximately 120 miles south of Chicago, 35 miles east of Champaign-Urbana, and 90 miles west of Indianapolis, Indiana. Illinois Route 1, U.S. Route 136, and U.S. Route 150 intersect in Danville; Interstate 74 passes through the south end of town. Lake Vermilion is located on the northwest side of town.

Danville's coordinates are 40°8′21″N, 87°37′17″W (40.139273, -87.621507)GR1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.1 square miles (44.3 km²), of which, 17.0 square miles (44.0 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.58%) is water.

History

File:Danville Illinois Main Street postcard.png
East Main Street circa 1910
Danville was founded in 1827 on sixty acres of land donated by Guy W. Smith and twenty donated by Dan W. Beckwith.[1] The sale of lots was set for April 10, 1827 and advertised in newspapers in Indianapolis, Indiana and the state capital of Vandalia.[2] The first post office was established in May of the same year in the house of Amos Williams, organizer of Vermilion and Edgar Counties and a prominent Danville citizen. Williams and Beckwith drew up the first plat map; the city was named after Dan Beckwith at Williams' suggestion, although Beckwith suggested the names "Williamsburg" and "Williamstown". Beckwith was born in Pennsylvania in 1795 and moved to Indiana as a young man; in 1819 he accompanied the first white explorers to the area where Danville later existed because of his interest in the salt springs of the Vermilion River. He died in 1835 of pneumonia contracted on a horseback ride back from Washington; he was 40 years old.[3]
File:Danville Illinois Elks Club and Public Library and YMCA.png
The Elks' Club, Public Library, and YMCA buildings circa 1920

Danville became a major industrial city in the late 19th and early twentieth centuries. From the 1850s to the 1940s, Danville was an important coal mining area; some of the first open pit mining techniques were practiced here.[4] The coal formation underlying eastern Illinois and western Indiana is named the "Danville Member," after the area where it was first discovered.[5] With the closure of the mines and many factories, Danville's economic base suffered in the later half of the 20th century. Today the former mines are still an important natural resource; the pits have been restored into lakes, creating fishing and recreation opportunities at parks such as Kickapoo State Recreation Area.

Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 33,904 people, 13,327 households, and 8,156 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,994.0 people per square mile (770.0/km²). There were 14,886 housing units at an average density of 875.5/sq mi (338.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 70.19% White, 24.37% African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.20% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.09% from other races, and 1.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.57% of the population.

There were 13,327 households out of which 28% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.8% were non-families. 33.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $30,431, and the median income for a family is $39,308. Males have a median income of $31,027 versus $22,303 for females. The per capita income for the city is $16,476. 18.1% of the population and 13.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 26.8% are under the age of 18 and 10.5% are 65 or older

Retail

Danville's main shopping center is the Danville Village Mall, which includes Sears, Elder-Beerman and County Market.

Education

Colleges:

  • Danville Area Community College, host of the NJCAA Men's Division II Basketball Championship
  • Lakeview College of Nursing

High schools:

  • Danville High School
  • Schlarman High School
  • First Baptist Christian School

Middle schools:

  • North Ridge Middle School
  • South View Middle School
  • First Baptist Christian School

Grade schools:

  • Cannon
  • Danville Lutheran School
  • First Baptist Christian School
  • East Park
  • Edison
  • Garfield
  • Liberty
  • Meade Park
  • Northeast
  • Southwest
  • Holy Family
  • Saint Paul's
  • First Baptist Christian School

Notable people from Danville

  • Irving Azoff - Record producer.
  • Joseph Cannon - Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, 1903–1911. Considered to be one of the most powerful Speakers in the history of the House.
  • Keon Clark - former NBA Player and 13th pick in the 1998 NBA Draft
  • Joshua Ferris - Novelist and author of Then We Came to the End.
  • Gene Hackman - Academy Award-winning actor. (Unforgiven, The French Connection)
  • Helen Morgan - Stage and screen star. (Show Boat)
  • Donald O'Connor - Film star and dancer. (Singin' in the Rain)
  • Bobby Short - Cabaret singer, TV/film star and recording artist. Longtime fixture at the Cafe Carlyle in Manhattan.
  • Joseph R. Tanner - NASA astronaut.
  • Dick Van Dyke - Film, TV, and stage star. (Mary Poppins, The Dick Van Dyke Show)
  • Jerry Van Dyke - Film, TV, and stage star. (Coach)
  • Reginald Weaver - President of the National Education Association (NEA)
  • Robin Yount - MLB Hall of Fame Center fielder/Shortstop with the Milwaukee Brewers.
  • Jack Doan- WWE Ref for the RAW brand.
  • Jason Anderson (baseball), baseball player.
  • Helen Wells (1910-1986) - author of nurse Cherry Ames series of books for young girls; wrote volumes #1-7 and 17-27.

Recent mayors

  • 1967-1971: Al Gardner [3]
  • 1971-1975: Rolland E. Craig
  • 1975-1985: David S. Palmer, namesake of David S. Palmer Arena
  • 1985: Wilbur Scharlau, appointed acting mayor by city council following Palmer's death.
  • 1985-1986 Hardin W. Hawes, appointed acting mayor following Scharlau's resignation.[4]
  • 1986-1987 Wilbur Scharlau, appointed mayor following resignation of Hawes.
  • 1987-2003: Robert E. Jones, namesake of Danville Municipal building.
  • 2003-current: Scott Eisenhauer
  • See also: Complete list from 1867 to present

Transportation

The general aviation community is served by the Vermilion County Airport.

Danville is known as a major railroad intersection with at least four different tracks entering town from different directions, resulting in many crossings throughout the town. CSX Transportation, Norfolk Southern Railway, and Kankakee, Beaverville and Southern Railroad all operate rail lines that pass through Danville.[6]

References

  1. ^ Jones, Lottie E. (1911). History of Vermilion County, Illinois (volume 1). Chicago, Illinois: Pioneer Publishing Company, p. 89. 
  2. ^ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Stapp
  3. ^ Wright, Bob (1987). Danville: A Pictorial History. St. Louis, Missouri: G. Bradley Publishing, Inc., p. 8. ISBN 094396301X. 
  4. ^ "Kickapoo - State Recreation Area." Illinois Department of Natural Resources website. [1] Accessed Oct. 20, 2007.
  5. ^ "Danville coal member." Indiana Geological Survey website. [2] Accessed Oct. 20, 2007.
  6. ^ Illinois Railroad Map (PDF). Illinois Department of Transportation (January, 2006). Retrieved on 2007-09-23.

External links

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