Danville, Kentucky: Wikis


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Danville, Kentucky
—  City  —
Downtown Danville
Nickname(s): "The City of Firsts," "Birthplace of the Bluegrass"
Coordinates: 37°38′44″N 84°46′11″W / 37.64556°N 84.76972°W / 37.64556; -84.76972Coordinates: 37°38′44″N 84°46′11″W / 37.64556°N 84.76972°W / 37.64556; -84.76972
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Boyle
Settled 1783
Incorporated 1787
 - Mayor Hugh Coomer
 - City Manager Paul Stansbury
 - Commissioner Kevin Caudill
Terry Crowley
Jamey Gay
Janet Hamner[1]
 - Total 15.8 sq mi (40.9 km2)
 - Land 15.65 sq mi (40.5 km2)
 - Water 0.15 sq mi (0.4 km2)  .06%
Elevation 984 ft (300 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 15,477
 Density 980.4/sq mi (378.5/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 40422-40423
Area code(s) 859
FIPS code 21-19882
GNIS feature ID 0490584
Website http://www.danvilleky.org/

Danville is a city in and the county seat of Boyle County, Kentucky, United States.[2] The population was 15,477 at the 2000 census. Danville is the principal city of the Danville Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Boyle and Lincoln counties.

In 2001, Danville received a Great American Main Street Award from the National Trust for Historic Preservation.[3]



Danville is called the "City of Firsts".

  • It housed the first Courthouse in Kentucky
  • It had the first U.S. Post Office west of the Allegheny Mountains
  • It hosts the first state-supported school for the deaf.
  • In it, Ephraim McDowell became the first physician in the world to successfully remove an ovarian tumor.
  • It is home to the oldest college administration building and campus west of the Allegheny Mountains at Centre College.
Boyle County Courthouse in Danville

Danville was part of the Great Settlement Area around Harrod's Fort (now Harrodsburg), which was first settled in 1774. Walker Daniel, Kentucky's first District Attorney, bought 76 acres (310,000 m2) from settler John Crow on the Wilderness Road and had it surveyed for a town in 1783-1784. The city was probably named for Daniel.[4] The Virginia Legislature officially established Danville on December 4, 1787.

Between 1784 and 1792, ten conventions were held in Danville to petition for better governance and ultimately to secure independence from Virginia. In 1786 the Danville Political Club was organized. It met each Saturday night at Grayson’s Tavern to discuss the political, economic, and social concerns. After a state constitution was adopted and separation was confirmed in 1792, the town ceased to be of statewide importance and its leading citizens moved to elsewhere.[5]

Transylvania University was founded in Danville in 1783. It moved to Lexington, Kentucky in 1789. Centre College was founded in 1819. Danville Theological Seminary was founded in 1853; in 1901 it became part of the Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary. The Caldwell Institute for Young Ladies was founded in 1860. It became Caldwell Female College in 1876, Caldwell College in 1904, Kentucky College for Women in 1913, and merged into Centre College in 1926.[6]

In November 1806, Meriwether Lewis, co-leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, visited Danville while traveling the Wilderness Road to Washington DC to report on the expedition. In December 1806, William Clark visited his nephews in school in Danville before following Lewis to Washington.[7]

In 1842, Boyle County was formed from southern Mercer County and northern Lincoln County. Danville became its county seat.

In 1850, Danville and Boyle County backed construction of the Lexington and Danville Railroad . Money ran out when the railroad reached Nicholasville, Kentucky and John A. Roebling had built towers for a suspension bridge over the Kentucky River (Roebling lived in Danville during the construction). Despite the lack of a railroad to Danville, the county still owed $150,000; it completed payment on time in 1884.[5][8]

In 1860, a fire devastated the city, destroying 64 buildings and causing over $300,000 in damages. Boyle County's courthouse was among the destroyed buildings; its replacement was completed in 1862.[6] After the Battle of Perryville in the American Civil War on October 8, 1862, the courthouse was appropriated by Union forces for use as a hospital. On October 11, a Union force drove Confederate forces from the county fairgrounds through Danville.[7]

In 1775, Archibald McNeill planted Kentucky's first recorded hemp crop at Clark's Run Creek near Danville. Boyle County became one of ten Kentucky counties which together produced over 90% of the US yield in 1889. It was the state's largest cash crop until 1915 when it lost its market to imported jute.[7]

On October 5, 2000, Dick Cheney and Senator Joe Lieberman, candidates for Vice President of the United States, debated at Centre College during the 2000 presidential election.


Danville is located at 37°38′44″N 84°46′11″W / 37.6456°N 84.7698°W / 37.6456; -84.7698.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.8 sq mi (40.9 km2), of which, 15.65 sq mi (40.5 km2) of it is land.



  • A bus service connects points inside Danville.[9] Another connects Danville to Lexington.[10]
  • Norfolk Southern Railway operates a freight rail yard in Danville. Its Louisville-Chattanooga line meets its Cincinnati-Chattanooga line in Danville.


Climate data for Danville, Kentucky
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F 40 45 55 65 74 82 86 85 79 68 56 45 65
Average low °F 23 26 34 43 53 62 66 64 57 45 36 28 45
Precipitation inches 3.66 3.86 4.96 3.98 4.94 4.77 4.83 3.40 3.29 3.15 3.68 4.34 48.86
Average high °C 4.4 7.2 12.8 18.3 23.3 27.8 30 29.4 26.1 20 13.3 7.2 18.3
Average low °C -5 -3.3 1.1 6.1 11.7 16.7 18.9 17.8 13.9 7.2 2.2 -2.2 7.2
Precipitation mm 93 98 126 101.1 125.5 121.2 122.7 86.4 83.6 80 93.5 110.2 1,241
Source: The Weather Channel [11] 2008-11-08


Historical Populations
1790 [8] 150 1910 5,420
1810 [8] 432 1920 5,099
1820 [5] 654 1930 6,729
1840 [8] 1,223 1940 6,734
1850 [12] 2,850 1950 8,686
1860 4,962 1960 8,855
1870 2,542 1970 11,542
1880 3,074 1980 12,942
1890 3,766 1990 12,420
1900 4,285 2000 15,477

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 15,477 people, 6,223 households, and 4,013 families residing in the city. The population density was 378.4 /km2 (980.1 /sq mi). There were 6,734 housing units at an average density of 164.7 /km2 (426.6 /sq mi). The racial makeup of the city was 83.67% White, 13.02% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.82% from other races, and 1.38% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1.48% of the population.

Of the 6,223 households, 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.82.

22.4% of the population was under the age of 18, 13.3% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 86.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.2 males.

The median income for a household was US $32,938, and the median income for a family was $40,528. Males had a median income of $35,327 versus $24,542 for females. The per capita income was $18,906. About 9.4% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.


Centre College
Public schools

Danville is served by two school districts:

Danville Schools serves the city of Danville.[14]

Boyle County School District serves areas of Danville and the remainder of Boyle County.[15]

Kentucky School for the Deaf provides education to Kentucky's deaf and hard-of-hearing children from elementary through high school

Private schools
Colleges and universities


Places of interest

Annual events


Films Shot in Danville

Sister cities

Danville has one sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International.

Notable residents

Major Employers

Major employers in Danville include[17]


  1. ^ Cox, Charlie (2009-01-06). "New Danville commission sworn in". The Advocate Messenger. http://www.amnews.com/stories/2009/01/06/boy.46948.sto. Retrieved 2009-10-07. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Past Great American Main Street Award Winners". National Trust for Historic Preservation. http://www.preservationnation.org/main-street/awards/gamsa/past-winners.html. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  4. ^ "Danville Kentucky". Land Office, Kentucky Secretary of State. http://apps.sos.ky.gov/land/cities/citydetail.asp?id=99&city=Danville&idctr=99. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  5. ^ a b c Griffin, Richard W. (1965). Newspaper Story of a Town: A History of Danville Kentucky. Danville, Kentucky: The Advocate Messenger. 
  6. ^ a b Kleber, John E. (1992). The Kentucky Encyclopedia. Lexington KY: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-1772-0. 
  7. ^ a b c "Kentucky Historical Marker Database". Kentucky Historical Society. http://migration.kentucky.gov/kyhs/hmdb/. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  8. ^ a b c d Fackler, Calvin M., Early Days in Danville, Standard Printing Co., Louisville, 1941.
  9. ^ Cox, Charlie (2008-12-11). "Danville bus service revved for take-off". The Advocate Messenger. http://www.amnews.com/stories/2008/12/11/boy.46383.sto. Retrieved 2009-10-07. 
  10. ^ Cox, Charlie (2009-02-19). "Bus service offered to Lexington". The Advocate Messenger. http://www.amnews.com/stories/2009/02/19/boy.48070.sto. Retrieved 2009-10-07. 
  11. ^ "Monthly Averages for Danville KY". The Weather Channel. http://www.weather.com/outlook/events/sports/wxclimatology/monthly/40422. 
  12. ^ "Danville populations after 1840 from U.S. Census Bureau Census of Population and Housing". http://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/decennial/. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ "Schools in Danville Independent". Great Schools. http://www.greatschools.net/schools.page?district=128&state=ky. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  15. ^ "Schools in Boyle County". Great Schools. http://www.greatschools.net/schools.page?district=103&state=ky. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  16. ^ "Danville, Carrickfergus seal bond as 'twin' cities". The Advocate Messenger. 2009-08-01. http://www.amnews.com/stories/2009/08/01/boy.51821.sto. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  17. ^ "Danville Boyle County Business and Industry". Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development. http://www.thinkkentucky.com/edis/cmnty/BusInd.aspx?cw=114. Retrieved 2009-06-20. 

External links

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

DANVILLE, a city and the county-seat of Boyle county, Kentucky, U.S.A., 113 m. S. by W. of Cincinnati. Pop. (1890) 3766; (1900) 4285, of whom 1913 were negroes. The city is served by the Southern and the Cincinnati Southern railways, the latter connecting at Junction city (4 m. S.) with the Louisville & Nashville railway. Danville is an attractive city, situated in the S.E. part of the fertile "Blue Grass region" of Kentucky. In McDowell Park there is a monument to the memory of Dr Ephraim McDowell (1771-1830), who after 1795 lived in Danville, and is famous for having performed in 1809 the first entirely successful operation for the removal of an ovarian tumour. Danville is the seat of several educational institutions, the most important of which is the Central University of Kentucky (Presbyterian), founded in 1901 by the consolidation of Centre College (opened at Danville in 1823), and the Central University (opened at Richmond, Ky., in 1874). The law school also is in Danville. The classical, scientific and literary department of the present university is still known as Centre College; the medical and dental departments are in Louisville, and the university maintains a preparatory school, the Centre College academy, at Danville. In 1908 the university had 87 instructors and 696 students. Other institutions at Danville are Caldwell College for women (1860; Presbyterian), and the Kentucky state institution for deaf mutes (1823). The Transylvania seminary was opened here in 1785, but four years later was removed to Lexington, and a Presbyterian theological seminary was founded here in 1853, but was merged with the Louisville theological seminary (known after 1902 as the Presbyterian Theological Seminary of Kentucky) in 1901. The municipality owns and operates its water-works and power plant. From its first settlement in 1781 until the admission of Kentucky into the Union in 1792 Danville was an important political centre. There was an influential political club here from 1786 to 1790, and here, too, sat the several conventions - nine in all - which asked for a separation from Virginia, discussed the proposed conditions of separation from that commonwealth, framed the first state constitution, and chose Frankfort as the capital. Danville was incorporated in 1789. It was the birthplace of James G. Birney and of Theodore O'Hara.

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