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Apollo and Daphne by Antonio del Pollaiolo, c. 1470–80 (National Gallery, London)
Apollo and Daphne, by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, c. 1744–45 (Louvre).

According to Greek myth, Apollo chased the nymph Daphne (Greek: Δάφνη, meaning "laurel"), daughter either of Peneus and Creusa in Thessaly,[1] or of the river Ladon in Arcadia.[2] The pursuit of a local nymph by an Olympian god, part of the archaic adjustment of religious cult in Greece, was given an arch anecdotal turn in Ovid's Metamorphoses,[3] where the god's infatuation was caused by an arrow from Eros, who wanted to make Apollo pay for making fun of his archery skills and to demonstrate the power of love's arrow. Ovid treats the encounter, Apollo's lapse of majesty, in the mode of elegaic lovers,[4] and expands the pursuit into a series of speeches. According to the rendering Daphne prays for help either to the river god Peneus or to Gaia, and is transformed into a laurel (Laurus nobilis): "a heavy numbness seized her limbs, thin bark closed over her breast, her hair turned into leaves, her arms into branches, her feet so swift a moment ago stuck fast in slow-growing roots, her face was lost in the canopy. Only her shining beauty was left."[5] "Why should she wish to escape? Because she is Artemis Daphnaia, the god's sister," observed the Freudian anthropologist Géza Róheim,[6] and Joseph Fontenrose concurs;[7] baldly stating such a one-to-one identity doubtless oversimplifies the picture: "the equation of Artemis and Daphne in the transformation myth itself clearly cannot work", observes Lightfoot.[8] The laurel became sacred to Apollo, and crowned the victors at the Pythian Games.[9] Most artistic impressions of the myth focus on the moment of transformation.

A version of the attempt on Daphne's sworn virginity that has been less familiar since the Renaissance was narrated by the Hellenistic poet Parthenius, in his Erotica Pathemata, "The Sorrows of Love".[10] Parthenius' tale, based on the Hellenistic historian Phylarchus, was known to Pausanias, who recounted it in his Description of Greece (second century AD).[11] In this, which is the earliest written account, Daphne is a mortal girl fond of hunting and determined to remain a virgin; she is pursued by the lad Leucippos ("white stallion"), who assumes girl's outfits in order to join her band of huntresses. He is so successful in gaining her innocent affection, that Apollo is jealous and puts it into the girl's mind to stop to bathe in the river Ladon; there, as all strip naked, the ruse is revealed, as in the myth of Callisto, and the huntresses plunge their spears into Leucippos. At this moment Apollo's attention becomes engaged, and he begins his own pursuit; Parthenius' modern editor remarks on the rather awkward transition, linking two narratives.[12]

A famous rendition of the subject is Gian Lorenzo Bernini's sculpture Apollo and Daphne. In music, the German composer Richard Strauss composed a one-act opera about the legend based on accounts by both Ovid and Euripides.

Contents

Artemis Daphnaia

Artemis Daphnaia, who had her temple among the Lacedemonians, at a place called Hypsoi[13] in Antiquity, on the slopes of Mount Cnacadion near the Spartan frontier,[14] had her own sacred laurel trees.[15]

Temple of Apollo Daphnephoros, Eretria

At Eretria the identity of an excavated 7th and 6th century temple[16] to Apollo Daphnephoros, "Apollo, laurel-bearer", or "carrying off Daphne", a "place where the citizens are to take the oath", is identified in inscriptions.[17]

Notes

  1. ^ Hyginus Fabulae 203.
  2. ^ Pausanias viii.20.1 and x.7.8; Statius, Thebaid iv.289f; Johannes Tzetzes Ad Lycophron 6; Philostratus, Life of Apollonius of Tyana i. 16; First Vatican Mythographer ii.216; none of these citations are earlier than Parthenius' source Phylarchus.
  3. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses i. 452; the treatment is commonly viewed as an Ovidian invention: see H. Fränkel, Ovid: A Poet Between Two Worlds (1945) p 79, or E. Doblhofer, ""Ovidius Urbanus: eine Studie zum Humor in Ovids Metamorphosen" Philologus 104 (1960), p. 79ff; for the episode as a witty transposition of Calvus' Io, see B. Otis, Ovid as an Epic Poet 2nd ed. 1970, p. 102
  4. ^ W.S.M. Nicoll, "Cupid, Apollo, and Daphne (Ovid, Met. 1. 452 ff.)" The Classical Quarterly, New Series, 30.1 (1980; 174–182).
  5. ^ Translation by A. S. Kline, 2000.
  6. ^ Róheim, Animism, Magic and the Divine King, (London 1930:308)
  7. ^ Fontenrose, The Delphic oracle: its responses and operations 1981:49.
  8. ^ lightfoot p. 474.
  9. ^ Pausanias, x.7.8.
  10. ^ J. L. Lightfoot, tr. Parthenius of Nicaea: the poetical fragments and the Erōtika pathēmata 1999, notes to XV, Περὶ Δάφνης pp 471ff.
  11. ^ Pausanias viii.20.2.
  12. ^ Lightfoot, p. 471.
  13. ^ G. Shipley, "The Extent of Spartan Territory in the Late Classical and Hellenistic Periods", The Annual of the British School at Athens, 2000.
  14. ^ Pausanias, 3.24.8 (on-line text); Lilius Gregorius Gyraldus , Historiae Deorum Gentilium, Basel, 1548, Syntagma 10, is noted in this connection in Benjamin Hederich, Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon, 1770
  15. ^ Karl Kerenyi, The Gods of the Greeks, 1951:141
  16. ^ Built over 8th century walls and apsidal building beneath the naos, all betokening a Geometric date for the sanctuary.
  17. ^ Rufus B. Richardson, "A Temple in Eretria" The American Journal of Archaeology and of the History of the Fine Arts, 10.3 (July - September 1895:326-337); Paul Auberson, Eretria. Fouilles et Recherches I, Temple d'Apollon Daphnéphoros, Architecture (Bern, 1968). See also Plutarch, Pythian Oracle, 16.

External links


DAPHNE
Developer(s) Matt Ownby
Stable release 1.0 beta / February 6, 2007
Operating system Cross-platform
Type Emulator
License GNU General Public License
Website http://www.daphne-emu.com

DAPHNE is an arcade emulator application that emulates a variety of laserdisc video games with the intent of preserving these games and making the play experience as faithful to the originals as possible.[1] The developer calls DAPHNE the "First Ever Multiple Arcade Laserdisc Emulator" ("FEMALE").

The software is available for Microsoft Windows, Linux and Mac OS X operating systems, and consists of a command-line emulator (DAPHNE itself) with a graphical frontend (DaphneLoader) to make configuring and launching easier. DAPHNE is capable of displaying the games' full-motion video by playing MPEG video files on the computer or by driving certain models of laserdisc player directly via a serial interface.[2] As with other arcade machine emulators, ROM images are also required to play the games. These may be ROM images from the original arcade machines, or alternatively fans of two of the most popular laserdisc arcade games, Dragon's Lair and Space Ace, have created updated ROMs that alter the gameplay, correct bugs and reintroduce removed sequences.[3][4]

As of version 1.0 beta the DAPHNE project is supported by Digital Leisure, the current copyright holder for several laserdisc titles including Dragon's Lair and Space Ace, allowing people who already own legal copies of these games on DVD to download versions that function in DAPHNE.[5]

Supported titles

References

External links


1911 encyclopedia

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also daphne, and Daphnë

Contents

English

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Wikipedia

Alternative spellings

Etymology

From Ancient Greek δάφνη (daphnē), laurel”, “bay).

Proper noun

Singular
Daphne

Plural
-

Daphne

  1. (Greek mythology) A dryad pursued by Apollo, who was turned into a laurel tree by the river god Peneus.
  2. A female given name.

Quotations

  • 1594 William Shakespeare: A Midsummer Night's Dream: Act II, Scene I :
    Run when you will, the story shall be chang'd;
    Apollo flies, and Daphne holds the chase;
    The dove pursues the griffin
  • 1989 John Banville: The Book of Evidence: page 7:
    My wife. Daphne. Yes, that was, is, her name. For some reason people have always found it faintly comic. I think it matches very well her damp, dark, myopic beauty.

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Malvales
Familia: Thymelaeaceae
Genus: Daphne
Species: D. acutiloba - D. alpina - D. altaica - D. angustiloba - D. arbuscula - D. arisanensis - D. aurantiaca - D. axillaris - D. bholua - D. blagayana - D. brevituba - D. caucasica - D. championii - D. cneorum - D. depauperata - D. emeiensis - D. erosiloba - D. esquirolii - D. feddei - D. gemmata - D. genkwa - D. giraldii - D. glomerata - D. gnidioides - D. gnidium - D. gracilis - D. grueningiana - D. holosericea - D. jasminea - D. jezoensis - D. jinyuensis - D. kamtschatica - D. kiusiana - D. kosaninii - D. laciniata - D. laureola - D. leishanensis - D. limprichtii - D. longilobata - D. longituba - D. macrantha - D. malyana - D. mezereum - D. modesta - D. mucronata - D. myrtilloides - D. odora - D. oleoides - D. papyracea - D. pedunculata - D. penicillata - D. petraea - D. pontica - D. pseudomezereum - D. purpurascens - D. retusa - D. rhynchocarpa - D. rodriguezii - D. rosmarinifolia - D. sericea - D. sophia - D. striata - D. sureil - D. tangutica - D. tenuiflora - D. tripartita - D. xichouensis - D. yunnanensis

Name

Daphne L.


Simple English

Daphne can mean:

Contents

Art

  • Dafne is the name of an opera by Jacopo Peri (1597), no longer existent, and is considered to be the first opera ever composed.
  • Daphne is also the title of an opera by Richard Strauss based on the myth of the nymph Daphne.
  • Daphne Descends is a song on the Smashing Pumpkins' Adore album.
  • Daphne is a song on several Django Reinhardt albums, such as Djangology. The song was originally written in 1938.

Sciences

Geography

Fiction

  • Daphne Blake is a character in the television cartoon Scooby-Doo.
  • Daphne Broon is a character in the Scottish cartoon strip The Broons.
  • Daphne Moon is a character in the Emmy Award Winning Show Frasier.
  • Daphne is the name of a tree that is important in finding Maia Mizuki's lost memories, in the anime Daphne in the Brilliant Blue (2004)

Other

  • SS Daphne was a ship which sank disastrously in 1883.
  • "Daphne II" is a European Community program based on the decission 803/2004/CE from the European Parliament, to prevent and fight violence against women and children and protect the victims and risk groups; It states a common position and strategy from the representatives of the European citizenship.








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