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Electro-industrial
Stylistic origins Electronic body music
Industrial music
Dark wave
Electro music
Cultural origins Mid-1980s Belgium, Canada, France, and Germany
Typical instruments Synthesizer - Drum machine - Sequencer - Keyboard - Sampler) - electric guitar (infrequently)
Mainstream popularity Low
Derivative forms Dark electro
Aggrotech

(complete list)
Fusion genres
Power noise
Other topics
Industrial metal - IDM - Dark ambient

Electro-industrial is a music genre drawing on EBM and industrial music that developed in the mid-1980s. While EBM has a minimal structure and clean production, electro-industrial has a deep, complex and layered sound. The style was pioneered by Skinny Puppy, Front Line Assembly, and other groups, either from Canada or the Benelux. In the mid-'90s, the style spawned the dark electro and aggrotech offshoots.[1] The fan base for the style is linked to the rivethead[1] subculture (although not everyone who primarily listens to industrial is a rivethead).

Contents

Characteristics

After the EBM movement faded in the early 1990s, electro-industrial increasingly attained popularity in the international club scene. In contrast to the straight EBM style, electro-industrial groups use harsher beats and raspy, distorted, or digitized vocals. In contrast to industrial rock, electro-industrial groups avoid guitars.[2]

Electro-industrial was anticipated by 1980s groups such as SPK,[1][3] Die Form, Klinik, Skinny Puppy,[4][5] and Front Line Assembly.[5][6] Prominent electro-industrial groups of the 1990s include Android Lust, Mentallo and the Fixer, and Velvet Acid Christ (U.S.);[7] Controlled Fusion, Forma Tadre, Haujobb,[8] In Strict Confidence, wumpscut:,[9][10][11] and X-Marks the Pedwalk (Germany); Download,[12] Decoded Feedback, Numb[13] (Canada); and Leæther Strip,[14] from Denmark,[15] and early Hocico, from Mexico.

Noise rock groups, such as Wolf Eyes, have also been associated with the label.[16] In the mid-'90s, some electro-industrial groups added guitars and became associated with industrial metal; other groups, such as Download and Haujobb, have incorporated elements of drum and bass and IDM.

Influences

Skinny Puppy took inspiration from Nocturnal Emissions, Portion Control, and The Legendary Pink Dots.[17][18] Critic Jason Ankeny has also noted Skinny Puppy's debts to Suicide, Throbbing Gristle, and Cabaret Voltaire.[19]

Conceptual elements

As in most industrial music, many electro-industrial groups tend to feature themes of control, dystopia, and science fiction. Electro-industrial groups sometimes take aesthetic inspiration from horror films, including The Exorcist[20] and the work of Roman Polanski,[21] and the science fiction films Blade Runner and Alien.

Derivatives

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Dark electro

Dark electro is a similar style, developed in the mid-1990s in central Europe. The term describes groups such as yelworC[22] and Placebo Effect,[1] and was first used in December 1992 with the album announcement of Brainstorming, yelworC's debut.[23] The style was inspired by the electro-industrial of The Klinik and Skinny Puppy. Compositions included horror soundscapes, and grunts or distorted vocals. YelworC were a music group from Munich, formed in 1988. They laid the foundations of the dark electro movement in the early 1990s, and were the first artist on the German label Celtic Circle Productions. In subsequent years, dark electro was displaced by techno-influenced styles such as aggrotech and futurepop.[1] Other groups to practice the style included Trial, Evil's Toy, GGFH (Disease) and Ice Ages.

Aggrotech

Aggrotech (also known as hellektro,[1] or Terror EBM) is an evolution of electro-industrial and dark electro with a strong influence of techno that first surfaced in the mid-1990s. Its sound is typified by harsh song structures, aggressive beats and lyrics of a militant, pessimistic or explicit nature. Typically, the vocals are distorted and pitch-shifted to sound hoarse, harsh and synthetic. Aggrotech artists include Aghast View, Aesthetic Perfection, Unter Null, Alien Vampires, Amduscia, Agonoize, Psyclon Nine, Die Sektor, Combichrist,[24][25][26][27] Hocico, Virtual Embrace, Tactical Sekt, Funker Vogt, God Module, Grendel, Aslan Faction, Tamtrum, Feindflug, Cenobita, Dawn Of Ashes, Suicide Commando, X-Fusion, Wumpscut, and Cruciform Injection. NoiTekk and Out of Line are both German aggrotech labels.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Interview with Axel Machens, Vendetta Music, April 23, 2007. [1] Access date: December 23, 2008.
  2. ^ Allmusic, Electro-industrial. [2] Access date: October 14, 2008.
  3. ^ [3]
  4. ^ Adam Tepedelen, "Skinny Puppy Bark Back", Rolling Stone, May 20, 2004. [4] Access date: October 24, 2008.
  5. ^ a b Manny Theiner, "Local electro-industrial duo Prometheus Burning turns up the heat", Pittsburgh City Paper, November 29, 2007. [5] Access date: October 24, 2008.
  6. ^ [6]
  7. ^ Metropolis Records, Velvet Acid Christ bio. [7] Access date: October 24, 2008.
  8. ^ Manny Theiner, "German electro-industrial duo Haujobb plays Pegasus Lounge", Pittsburgh City Paper, September 13, 2007. [8] Access date: October 24, 2008.
  9. ^ [9]
  10. ^ Nick Britten, "Finland school killings: Profile of Wumpscut", Daily Telegraph, September 23, 2008. [10] Access date: October 24, 2008.
  11. ^ Jez Porat, Chain DLK, June 21, 2005. [11] Access date: October 24, 2008.
  12. ^ [12]
  13. ^ [13]
  14. ^ Michael Wozny, interview with Claus Larsen, ReGen Magazine, June 22, 2008. [14] Access date: October 24, 2008.
  15. ^ "Claus Larsen fronts one of Europe's leading Electro-Industrial bands." Mick Mercer, The Hex Files: The Goth Bible, Woodstock: The Overlook Press, 1997, p. 24.
  16. ^ Sam Ubl, Pitchfork, October 1, 2004. [15] Access date: October 1, 2008.
  17. ^ Todd Zachritz. "Brap... The Skinny Puppy and Download Discography". Godsend Online. http://www.prongs.org/godsend/brap-sp.html. Retrieved 2007-05-14. 
  18. ^ Alan Di Perna. "Industrial Revolution: Jackhammer of the Gods". Guitar World, June 1995.
  19. ^ Jason Ankeny, Skinny Puppy bio, Allmusic. [16] Access date: December 23, 2008.
  20. ^ Tim DiGravina, Mind review, Allmusic. [17] Access date: December 23, 2008.
  21. ^ Tim DiGravina, Bites review, Allmusic. [18] Access date: December 23, 2008.
  22. ^ Metropolis Records, yelworC bio. [19] Access date: October 24, 2008.
  23. ^ Zillo Music Magazine · Issue No. 12/92 · Album announcement of "Brainstorming" · Pages 43 · Germany · December 1992. The term was repeated in a review of the same album in Zillo Music Magazine · Issue No. 2/93 · Review of the album "Brainstorming" · Pages 49 · Germany · February 1993.
  24. ^ [20]
  25. ^ [21]
  26. ^ [22]
  27. ^ [23]

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