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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 54°31′37″N 1°33′09″W / 54.5270°N 1.5526°W / 54.5270; -1.5526

Darlington
Darlington town centre.jpg
Darlington town centre
Darlington is located in County Durham
Darlington

 Darlington shown within County Durham
Population 97,838 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference NZ289147
    - London  252 mi (406 km) 
Unitary authority Darlington
Ceremonial county County Durham
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DARLINGTON
Postcode district DL1, DL2, DL3
Dialling code 01325
Police Durham
Fire County Durham and Darlington
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Darlington
List of places: UK • England • County Durham

Darlington is a town in the ceremonial county of County Durham, England, and the main population centre in the Borough of Darlington. Darlington has a population of 97,838 as of 1997.[1] On 1 April 1997, the Borough of Darlington became a unitary authority area, which separated it from the non-metropolitan county of Durham for administrative purposes.

Contents

History

A prominent Norman church in Darlington.
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Saxons

Darlington started life as a Saxon settlement on the River Skerne[citation needed]. It has an attractive historic market area in the town centre. St Cuthbert's Church is one of the most important and impressive Early English churches in the north of England.

Railways

Darlington is known for its associations with the birth of railways. This is celebrated in the town at Darlington Railway Centre and Museum. The world's first passenger rail journey was between Shildon and Stockton-on-Tees via Darlington, on the Darlington and Stockton Railway in 1825.

The town later became an important centre for railway manufacturing, with three significant works. The largest of these was the main line locomotive works, known as North Road Shops, opened in 1863 and closed in 1966. Another was Robert Stephenson & Co. (colloquially: "Stivvies"), who moved to Darlington from Newcastle upon Tyne in 1902, became Robert Stephensons & Hawthorns in 1937, were absorbed by English Electric around 1960, and closed by 1964. The third was Faverdale Wagon Works, established in 1923 and closed in 1962, which in the 1950s was a UK pioneer in the application of mass-production techniques to the manufacture of railway goods wagons.

To commemorate the town's contribution to the railways, David Mach's 1997 work "Train" is located alongside the A66, close to the original Stockton-Darlington railway. It is a life-size brick sculpture of a steaming locomotive emerging from a tunnel, made from 185,000 "Accrington Nori" bricks. The work had a budget of £760,000.

Northern Echo

In 1870, The Northern Echo newspaper was launched. It is based in Priestgate and is a long-standing part of life in the North East. Although a local paper, it is a full-bodied newspaper in its own right and includes national and international news in its scope. William Thomas Stead was the first editor of the Northern Echo - opposite of the Northern Echo building is the 'The William Stead' public house, restaurant and beer garden.

Recent history

The town centre has undergone a full refurbishment entitled The Pedestrian Heart, which has seen the majority of the town centre pedestrianised.[2] Initially, the project received criticism surrounding changes to public transport, and removal of Victorian features along High Row.[3][4] There is now growing evidence, however, that the now-completed changes are meeting with local approval.[5]

In 2007 planning permission was granted for a new shopping centre to replace the dated and unsuccessful Queen Street shopping centre. Debenhams is to be the anchor store for the retail and leisure development. It is due to open in 2010.

In August 2008 the King's Hotel in the town centre was devastated by fire, severely damaging the roof and 100 bedrooms. Several shops, including Woolworths, were damaged and had to close for weeks afterwards. No one was killed in the blaze.

Geography

Darlington in 2004

Darlington is located in the Tees Valley, and is often slated as 'The gateway to the Tees Valley'. Although the Tees Valley is often known for its industry, comparatively little in the way of industry exists in Darlington.

Darlington is close to The Pennines, the Yorkshire Dales and Cleveland Hills; the North York Moors are also within easy reach of the town. Both the River Tees and River Skerne pass through the town, the River Skerne later joining the River Tees which then flows into the North Sea.

Darlington railway station (Bank Top) lies on the East Coast Main Line. There are also local services from the historic North Road railway station and associated Darlington Railway Centre and Museum.

Suburbs

There are several suburbs of Darlington. In the north are Harrowgate Hill, Harrowgate Village and Beaumont Hill and to the northeast are Whinfield, Haughton-le-Skerne and Red Hall. East is Eastbourne with Firth Moor and Skerne Park to the south and situated in the west end are Hummersknott, Mowden and Blackwell. Finally, to the northwest are Branksome, Cockerton, Faverdale, The Denes, West Park, High Grange and Pierremont.

Running somewhat parallel to Woodland Road from Cockerton village towards the centre of Darlington is the area called The Denes which is mainly semi-detached and terraced housing surrounding valley areas of public park and recreation land. Darlington Memorial Hospital on Hollyhurst Road, lies in the corridor between Woodlands Road and The Denes.

Twin towns

It is twinned with:

Transport

Road

The Great North Road, now known as the A1, used to run directly through the centre of Darlington. The road has since been diverted to the west of the town; the original route is now the A167 via North Road in the town centre. The £5.9 m five-mile (8 km) A66 Darlington Eastern Bypass opened on November 25, 1985 and is currently undergoing major reconstruction in an effort to reduce congestion at rush hour. The Darlington Eastern Transport Corridor, linking Central Park (Haughton Road) north-east of the town centre to a new roundabout on the A66, was opened in the summer of 2008. The A1(M) Darlington Bypass opened in May 1965.

Rail

Darlington railway station.

Darlington is served by Darlington railway station (or Darlington Bank Top railway station) which is on the East Coast Mainline and has regular services to London Kings Cross, Leeds City Station, Wakefield Westgate, Edinburgh Waverley, Manchester Picadilly, Manchester Airport and Newcastle. North Road railway station is situated just outside of Darlington town centre. Darlington Bank Top railway station also serves as the mainline interchange for Middlesbrough railway station, which itself has few intercity services. Darlington railway station boasts a large Victorian clock tower which, in the relatively low rise town centre, can be seen throughout large areas of the town.

Bus

Arriva buses in Darlington.

Bus transport in the town is provided by Arriva North East and Scarlet Band. Darlington lost out on considerable public receipts when the municipal bus operator Darlingon Transport Company was placed into administration during an attempted privatisation, due to continuing financial difficulties and the Darlington Bus War.

Arriva run most of the bus services in the town, and Scarlet Band operate five routes, primarily the services with fewer passengers. Arriva used to run the routes now operated by Scarlet Band but Darlington Council re-tendered them due to financial trouble in early 2009 after the re-shuffle of the Bus system. Arriva began trials of articulated buses in August 2009 with a view to future use within the town.

Stagecoach used to operate in the town (since the Bus War) until 2007, when they sold their operations to Arriva. Arriva therefore became the main bus operator, operating nearly all routes in the town, until Scarlet Band became present in early 2009.

Darlington was chosen by the Department for Transport as one of three national Sustainable Travel Demonstration Towns (together with Peterborough and Worcester) in 2004, and has successfully delivered a three year research and marketing programme to promote sustainable travel choices under the brand name 'Local Motion'. It was also chosen as one of six cycling demonstration towns in October 2005, receiving £3 million worth of funding from the government and local authority money.[7] The money has been spent over the course of three years on improving cycling facilities and routes, and linking the town to the national cycle route network. Darlington is the only place to win both sustainable travel and cycling demonstration town status.[8]

Airport

Five miles east of the town centre is Durham Tees Valley Airport, which has flights to many domestic locations across the UK and international flights to places across the EU. The nearest larger airports are Newcastle Airport (52.7 miles) and Leeds Bradford International Airport (62.0 miles). Darlington also has direct rail links with Manchester Airport (124 miles).

Education

The town has the Queen Elizabeth Sixth Form College (former grammar school). There are many other schools including: Haughton Community School, Branksome Science College, Hummersknott School, Carmel RC Technology College, Hurworth School, Haughton School which is now known as the Darlington Education Village, it also includes Beaumont Hill School and Springfield Primary, and Longfield School. Darlington College is the newly built FE College. The town has other schools that have become Academies, this includes Eastbourne Comprehensive School, which has now become St. Aidan's Church Of England Academy. The town is also home to three independent schools - Yarm at Raventhorpe (formally Raventhorpe Preparatory School), Hurworth House School in the neighbouring village of Hurworth-on-Tees, and Polam Hall School which caters for girls aged three to eighteen and boys in the nursery school and sixth form.

Economy

Darlington, including the town clock.
Darlington memorial hospital.
Darlington market hall.
The Cornmill Centre.

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Darlington at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

Year Regional Gross Value Added[9] Agriculture[10] Industry[11] Services[12]
1995 1,115 8 377 729
2000 1,192 6 417 768
2003 1,538 6 561 971

Darlington is historically a market town with a well established weekly outdoor market and a thriving indoor market located underneath the town clock on Prebend Row. Also located on Prebend Row is the Cornmill Shopping centre which is the main retail area of Darlington.

Darlington attracts people from a wide area to its newly pedestrianised town centre. The retail is remaining strong even through the economic downturn of 2009. House of Fraser and Marks & Spencer both have outlets in the town centre with Debenhams arriving in a few years time as part of the new Commercial Street Shopping and Lesiure Complex, or 'The Oval' which is to relpace the existing Queen Street Shopping Mall. The new shopping centre will include 30 retail units, 5 restaurant units, a multiscreen cinema and 'The Winter Garden Convention Centre'.

Culture

The Civic Theatre is a popular arts venue in the town, hosting a mix of musicals, dramas, plays and pantomimes. The smaller but well-used Arts Centre, founded in 1982, features smaller events, film screenings and more experimental material.

The Rhythm'n'Brews festival is a music and real ale festival normally held in early autumn, with many rock, blues and jazz acts playing at various venues around Darlington, as well as a Campaign for Real Ale (CAMRA) run bar at the Arts Centre.

The Forum Music Centre, opened in 2004, hosts regular live music events, from Ska and Punk to Indie and Classic Rock. Also runs a popular comedy club. As well as live music, the facility houses a state of the art recording studio and several rehearsal rooms. The Carmel Rhythm Club is another place for music. Held at Carmel College in the Hummersknott end of town. A charitable organisation for the Carmel PTA (Parents and Teachers Association) attracts many large bands in the genre of rhythm and blues.

Darlington town centre has built a strong focus on independent shopping, giving a breathing space from the usually high street national stores and introducing a varied and popular shopping experience. Grange Road has a number of expensive and attractive designer stores, Duke Street houses art galleries and restaurants and nestled between the two is Skinnergate, which holds the greatest variety of interesting and original stores.

Darlington Dog Show has been a championship event since 1969. It was normally held in September on the showground in South Park, although in more recent years it has moved to Ripon.

Football teams in the town are Darlington, a team in the Football League Two; and Darlington Railway Athletic, a team in the Northern League. The Rugby teams are Darlington Mowden Park R.F.C.who play in National League Three and Darlington RFC. Cricket clubs are Darlington Cricket Club and Darlington Railway Athletic Cricket Club. The Darlington 10K road run is held every August, and attracts several thousand competitors. The Dolphin Centre, which provides a wide range of sporting facilities, was opened by Roger Bannister in 1982, and received a £5 m refurbishment in 2006 and was later given a new official opening by Redcar athlete Tanni Grey-Thompson.

Media

Darlington is home to the regional daily paper The Northern Echo and its sister weekly paper Darlington & Stockton Times. A radio station of the TLRC network, Star Radio, broadcasts from the town.[13]

In November 2009 the town appointed an official 'Twitterer in residence', the first of its kind in the UK. Mike McTimoney (known on Twitter as TheDarloBard) is a local regular Twitter user who has been officially charged with tweeting for and about Darlington,[14] and to help promote The Darlington Experiment 2.0, the town's social media campaign.

Sport

The town is home to the football team Darlington F.C., known as The Quakers because of the contributions made to the town by men such as Edward and Joseph Pease, members of the Religious Society of Friends. Darlington's leading Rugby Union club is Darlington Mowden Park RFC who currently play in National Three.

Notable people

References and notes

  1. ^ Census 2001 - Population Pyramids - Darlington UA
  2. ^ "Main Features of the Pedestrian Heart Scheme". Darlington Borough Council. http://www.darlington.gov.uk/Living/Planning+and+Building+Control/Planning+Services/Projects+and+Schemes/PedHeart/PedHeartFeatures.htm. 
  3. ^ "Town revamp 'may disrupt traders'". BBC News. 16 September 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/4251676.stm. Retrieved 18 January 2008. 
  4. ^ "Trader hits out at the heart of the scheme". The Northern Echo. 24 April 2007. http://www.thenorthernecho.co.uk/search/display.var.1349982.0.trader_hits_out_at_the_heart_of_the_scheme.php. Retrieved 18 January 2008. 
  5. ^ "Hearty thanks - Town centre scheme is praised". Herald & Post. http://www.gazettelive.co.uk/news/local-teesside-news/darlington-news/2007/10/18/town-centre-scheme-is-praised-84229-19970199/. 
  6. ^ "Darlington's Twin Towns". Darlington Borough Council. http://www.darlington.gov.uk/Democracy/Welcome+to+Darlington/Twin+Towns.htm. 
  7. ^ "£3 m to make town a more friendly place for cyclists". The Northern Echo. 21 October 2005. http://archive.thenorthernecho.co.uk/2005/10/21/209401.html. Retrieved 11 February 2008. 
  8. ^ "Cycling comments needed". The Northern Echo. 2 February 2006. http://archive.thenorthernecho.co.uk/2006/2/2/217551.html. Retrieved 11 February 2008. 
  9. ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  10. ^ includes hunting and forestry
  11. ^ includes energy and construction
  12. ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured
  13. ^ "Alpha 103.2 - Public Information File". Alpha 103.2 official website. http://www.alpha1032.com/about/legal/. Retrieved 11 March 2008. 
  14. ^ "IT teacher employed as Twitterer-in-residence". The Northern Echo. http://www.thenorthernecho.co.uk/news/4768811.IT_teacher_employed_as_Twitterer_in_residence/. 
  15. ^ "Second Raid On Humber Area Many Casualties, Other Attacks In North Midlands". Issue 48922; col C (The Times): pp. 2. May 10, 1941. 
  16. ^ Lloyd, Chris (March 19, 2003). "Echo memories - Tragic star whose light was snuffed out too early". The Northern Echo. pp. 6b. 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Darlington is a town in County Durham.

Best known for its pioneering role in the development of the railway in the 19th Century.

British Rail connects to Darlington Railway Station from most large towns and cities. There is an office for Europe car Hire cars in the town.

Arriva buses connect Darlington to most local areas.

See

The Darlington Railway Centre and Museum exhibits some of the earliest steam locomotives to be found any where in the world.

"Art in the Yards" - large scale art works in an open air setting.

Ulnaby - buried medieval village, half mile walk from town.

Buy

Cornmill Shopping Centre - [1]

Eat

Joe Rigatoni's, Imperial Centre, Grange Road, [2] - Reasonably priced Italian style dishes such as pasta and pizza.

Soho Restaurant, 156 Northgate, [3] - Chinese buffet restaurant with many different dishes to choose from. Open 7 days a week from 12 noon to 11pm, prices range from £4.90 to £7.90 per person depending when you go. Also does takeaways.

Pizza Express, 1 Skinnergate, [4] - National chain restaurant serving Italian style food such as pizzas and pasta dishes. Decent wine selection.

Garden of India, 43-44 Bondgate, [5] - featured in the Wining and Dining Guide, serves it's own lager, Kayani.

Ochis, 30-32 Bondgate, [6]- Caribbean and Mediterranean restaurant, features live music nights. Check for opening times.

Drink

Most of the bars are clustered in an area around Skinnergate, which runs parallel to High Row, connected by a number of alleyways.

  • Blackwell Grange Hotel, Darlington, County Durham, DL3 8QH, +44 1325 509955, [7]. checkin: 2PM; checkout: 11AM. From £45.  edit
  • Bannatyne Hotel, [8]. From £50.  edit

Get out

Durham Tees Valley Airport - domestic flights to Aberdeen, Jersey and Southampton, international flights to Spain, Turkey, Malta, Italy, Finland, Bulgaria and Netherlands. [9]

Bank Top Station - train station with local and mainline services. [10]

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Contents

English

Etymology

From Old English Dearthington believed to be the settlement of Deornoth's people (unclear root + ing a family group + ton an enclosed farm or homestead) via Middle English Dearnington and Derlinton. The family name is derived from the place name, simply meaning one who came from the village of Darlington. Most of the later place names are derived either from the Darlington family name, being named either after people with that family name, or are derived from the place name directly, being named after the original village of Darlington directly.

Proper noun

Darlington

  1. A family name.
  2. A place name.

References

Noun

Darlington

  1. (electronics) A pair of transistors with the emitter of one connected to the base of the other and the collectors connected together, acting as a transistor with greater amplification. Also called "Darlington pair".

Simple English

File:Darlington town
Darlington town centre

Darlington is a town in County Durham, England. Darlington had population of 97,838 in 1997.[1] The town is on the East Coast mainline and has from many intercity rail dervices, including routes to London, Newcastle upon Tyne, Edinburgh, Leeds and Manchester. The towns is well known for its football team, Darlington F.C..

References


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