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Darmstadt
Darmstadt-Waldspirale-Hundertwasser4.jpg
Coat of arms of Darmstadt
Darmstadt is located in Germany
Darmstadt
Coordinates 49°52′0″N 8°39′0″E / 49.866667°N 8.65°E / 49.866667; 8.65
Administration
Country Germany
State Hesse
Admin. region Darmstadt
District Urban district
City subdivisions 9 boroughs
Lord Mayor Walter Hoffmann (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 122.23 km2 (47.19 sq mi)
Elevation 144 m  (472 ft)
Population  141,471  (30 June 2007)[1]
 - Density 1,157 /km2 (2,998 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate DA
Postal codes 64283–64297
Area codes 06151, 06150
Website www.darmstadt.de
Location of the city of Darmstadt within Hesse
Map
The city as it looked in 1626.
The 'Schlossplatz', a market square in front of the Ducal Palace around 1900. One of the few areas to survive in similar style after WWII.
Orangerie in Darmstadt - southern facade.

Darmstadt is a city in the Bundesland (federal state) of Hesse in Germany, located in the southern part of the Rhine Main Area.

The city of Darmstadt was founded by the Counts of Katzenelnbogen in 1330, though settlement in the area is known to have been present as early as the late 11th century. However, the sandy soils in the Darmstadt area, ill-suited for agriculture in times before industrial fertilisation,[2] prevented any larger settlement from developing, until the city became the seat of the Landgraves of Hessen-Darmstadt in the 16th century.

As the administrative centre of an increasingly prosperous duchy, the city gained in prominence during the following centuries. In the 20th century, industry (especially chemicals) as well as large science and electronics (later information technology) sectors became increasingly important, and are still a major part of the city's economy. Darmstadt also has a large tertiary education sector, with three major universities and numerous associated institutions.[3]

Darmstadt is one of few cities (as opposed to smaller towns) in Germany which does not lie close to a river, lake or coast. It can also boast being the sunniest city in the state of Hesse.[4] The chemical element Darmstadtium (atomic number 110) is named after it, having been synthetisized in the GSI Centre for Heavy Ion Research in Darmstadt-Arheilgen.

Contents

History

Origins

The name Darmstadt first appears towards the end of the 11th century, then Darmundestat; Literally translated, the current German name Darmstadt means "Intestine City". This is just a coincidence however, and the origins of the name are unknown.[5] Even locals often believe, incorrectly, that the name derives from the 'Darmbach' (a small stream formerly running through the city). In fact the stream received its current name much later, after the city, not vice versa.[5]

Darmstadt was chartered as a city by the Holy Roman Emperor Ludwig the Bavarian in 1330, belonging to the counts of Katzenelnbogen.[6] The city, then called Darmstait, became a secondary residence for the counts, with a small castle being established at the site of the current, much larger edifice. [7]

When the house of Katzenelnbogen became extinct in 1479, the city was passed to the Landgraviate of Hesse, and was seat of the ruling landgraves (1567-1806) and thereafter (to 1918) of the Grand Dukes of Hesse.[8].

Industrial age

The city grew in population during the 19th century from little over 10,000 to 72,000 inhabitants [9]. A polytechnical school, which later became a Technical University now known as TU Darmstadt, was established in 1877.[10]

In the beginning of the 20th century Darmstadt was an important centre for the art movement of Jugendstil, the German variant of Art Nouveau. Annual architectural competitions led to the building of many architectural treasures of this period. Also during this period, in 1912 the chemist Anton Kollisch, working for the pharmaceutical company Merck, first synthesised the chemical MDMA (ecstasy) in Darmstadt. Darmstadt's municipal area was extended in 1937 to include the neighbouring localities of Arheilgen and Eberstadt, and in 1938 the city was separated administratively from the surrounding district (Kreis).

Nazi Germany

Darmstadt was the first city in Germany to force Jewish shops to close in early 1933, shortly after the Nazis took power in Germany (during this first incident, shops were only closed for a day, for "endanger[ing] communal order and tranquility")[11] In 1942, over 3,000 Jews from Darmstadt were first forced into a collection camp located in the Liebigschule, and then later deported to concentration camps[12] where most were eventually killed.

Some prominent members of the German resistance against the Nazis were citizens of Darmstadt (e.g. Wilhelm Leuschner and Theodor Haubach, both executed for their opposition to the regime).[citation needed]

Darmstadt's old city centre was largely destroyed in a British bombing raid on Darmstadt on September 11, 1944 (Darmstadt had first been raided on July 30, 1940, one of 35 attacks to come). This attack on Darmstadt was an early use of the firestorm technique - subsequently used on the city of Dresden in February 1945 - where a number of incendiary bombs are dropped around the city before explosive blast bombs are dropped to begin a self-sustaining combustion process where the winds generated by the fire are sufficient to ensure it continues to burn. Darmstadt was selected as the secondary target for the raid, but promoted to primary target after cloud over the primary would have obscured reconnaissance view of the after-effects. During this worst attack an estimated 11,000-12,500 inhabitants died, and 66,000-70,000 were rendered homeless.[12] Over three quarters of Darmstadt's inner city area was destroyed in the raid,[13] leading to a relatively architecturally plain style of post-war rebuilding, although a number of older buildings were rebuilt in their original styles.

Post-World War II

Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, Darmstadt became home to many technology companies and research institutes, and has been promoting itself as a "city of science" since 1997. It is well known as a high-tech centre in the vicinity of Frankfurt Airport, with important activities in spacecraft operations (the European Space Operations Centre, European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites), chemistry, pharmacy, information technology, biotechnology, telecommunications (substantial Deutsche Telekom presence) and mechatronics. In 2000, its region also scored Rank 3 amongst 97 German regions in the WirtschaftsWoche test ranking Germany's high-tech regions.[6]

The TU Darmstadt is one of the important technical institutes in Germany and is well known for its research and teaching in the Electrical, Mechanical and Civil Engineering disciplines. Together with other tertiary institutions, the TU is responsible for the large student population of the city, which stood at 33,547 in 2004.[6]

Modern day

Transport

Darmstadt is relatively typical for German cities in terms of its transport system, with the car being the main, but not overwhelmingly dominant mode of transport.

Roads

Darmstadt is connected to the surrounding areas with a number of major roads, primarily accessing the areas to the north, west and south, including two Autobahn links crossing just west of the city as well as a Bundesstraße also running north-south. The less settled areas east of the city in the Odenwald are accessed by several lower-hierarchy roads.

Trains

Darmstadt Hauptbahnhof is its main train station, located at the western end of the central city and connects to the rest of Germany and Europe with the Intercity-Express network. There is also a much-utilised S-Bahn link north to Frankfurt am Main and a number of suburban train stations along the high-speed connections and lesser local rail links (two towards the east and into the Odenwald, for example) that still provide passenger services.

Airports

Darmstadt has no airport with scheduled passenger services, with the historic role of such an airport having long been taken over by the Frankfurt Airport not too far away.

A modern tram near the Schloss.
Trams and buses

Darmstadt started in 1886 with a steam tram system, that later evolved (with a short period of also including trolleybuses from 1944 to 1963) into a 36.2 km network by 2001.[14] Darmstadt had not scrapped this comparatively extensive network after World War II as many other cities did, though some links were decommissioned in the 1960s and 1970s and replaced by bus lines[14] of which the city also has an extensive network.

However, the 2000s brought a major tram renaissance in Darmstadt (where further reduction of the system had by now long since been stopped), partly thought to have been due to new low-floor trams strongly increasing patronage.[14] A major new line was built to the Darmstadt-Kranichstein suburb, and track duplication and extension in Darmstadt-Arheilgen is ongoing as of 2009. A line to Weiterstadt, a northwestern suburb, is also in advanced planning stages.[14] Substantial parts of the track system were also upgraded and in some cases incorporated in major new beautification works, such as in front of the Hauptbahnhof or the Schloss.

Buildings and attractions

The 'Luisenplatz', main square of Darmstadt. Part of the Ducal Palace is visible in the rear right.
The 'Wasserturm' (a former railway water tower), contains an art gallery and restaurant.

The ducal palace of Darmstadt is located in the city centre. It was the residence of the counts of Hesse-Darmstadt, later as Grand Dukes of Hesse by the grace of Napoleon. Its current look was established in the 18th century. The counts also owned a castle on the Langenberg above the city that was named Castle Frankenstein. This castle dates back to the 13th century, but it was acquired by the counts of Hesse-Darmstadt in 1662. Mary Shelley likely adopted the name for her novel Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus (1818). Before writing the story, she had travelled through the region and visited Eberstadt near the castle (today a borough of Darmstadt), so the inspiration was likely from here.

The Luisenplatz, the largest square of the city, forms the centre of the city and is the main public transport hub. In 1844 the Ludwigsäule (called Langer Lui, meaning Long Ludwig), a 33-meter column commemorating Ludwig I, first Grand Duke of Hesse, was placed in the middle of the square. While the column still stands, the square is today surrounded by mostly modern buildings. The other large city square is the Marktplatz (see image) near the old city hall, only several hundred meters away.

Surviving examples of the Jugendstil period include the Rosenhöhe, a landscaped English-style rose garden from the 19th century, recently renovated and replanted,[15] the Mathildenhöhe,[16] with the Hochzeitsturm ('Marriage tower', also commonly known as the 'Five-Finger-Tower') by Joseph Maria Olbrich and the Russian Chapel and large exhibition halls as well as many private villas built by Jugendstil architects who had settled in Darmstadt. The Russian Chapel was built as a private chapel by the last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, whose wife Alexandra was born in Darmstadt.

The Waldspirale ('Forest Spiral'), a residential complex by Austrian Friedensreich Hundertwasser, was built 1998–2000. An almost surreal building, it is internationally famous for its almost absolute rejection of rectangular forms, down to every window having a different shape, the style being a trademark of Hundertwasser's work.

The Botanischer Garten der TU Darmstadt is a botanical garden and arboretum containing a fine collection of rare trees.

Darmstadt's central train station, Darmstadt Hauptbahnhof, built in 1912 is at the west end of the city. Both local and inter-city trains stop at the station. The station also serves as a stop for buses and streetcars.[17]

Every year around early July the Heinerfest festival is held in the streets surrounding the old ducal palace. It is a traditional German festival with music acts, beer halls, amusement rides and booths selling trinkets and food. The similar 'Schloßgrabenfest', which is more live music-oriented, is held in the same location every year in May. These two festivals attract 700,000[18] and 400,000[19] visitors respectively.

Institutions

Technology
The ESOC building.

Darmstadt is the site of the Darmstadt University of Technology, renowned for its engineering departments, and of the Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences. Related institutes are four Institutes of the Fraunhofer Society, and the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (GSI, "Society for Heavy Ion Research"), which operates a particle accelerator at its Wixhausen site.

The GSI, amongst other elements, discovered the chemical element Darmstadtium (atomic number: 110), named after the city in 2003. This makes Darmstadt one of only eight cities with an element named after it (the other cities being Ytterby in Sweden (four elements); Stockholm in Sweden (Holmium); Strontian in Scotland; Copenhagen in Denmark (whose Latin name gives Hafnium); Paris (whose Latin name gives Lutetium); Berkeley, California; and Dubna in Russia). Various other elements, including Meitnerium (atomic number: 109) (1982), Hassium (atomic number: 108) (1984), Roentgenium (atomic number: 111) (1994) and Copernicium (atomic number: 112) (1996) were also synthesized in the Darmstadt facility.

The European Space Operations Centre (ESOC) of the European Space Agency is located in Darmstadt. From here, various deep-space exploration spacecraft and Earth-orbiting satellites are operated for the purposes of scientific research, and tecnnology development and demonstration.

EUMETSAT, the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites, operates the principal European meteorological satellites from its headquarters, including the first and second generations of Meteosat geostationary satellites, and the polar-orbiting Metop series.

Darmstadt is a centre for the pharmaceutical and chemical industry, with Merck, Röhm and Schenck RoTec (part of The Dürr Group) having their main plants and centres here.

Culture

The 'Jazz-Institut Darmstadt' is Germany's largest publicly accessible Jazz archive.[20]

The 'Internationales Musikinstitut Darmstadt', harboring one of the world's largest collections of post-war sheet music,[21] also hosts the biennial Internationale Ferienkurse für Neue Musik, a summer school in contemporary classical music founded by Wolfgang Steinecke. A large number of avant-garde composers have attended and given lectures there, including Olivier Messiaen, Luciano Berio, Milton Babbitt, Pierre Boulez, Luigi Nono, John Cage, György Ligeti, Iannis Xenakis, Boris Porena, Karlheinz Stockhausen and Mauricio Kagel.

The 'Deutsche Akademie für Sprache und Dichtung' (German Academy for Language and Poetry) provides writers and scholars with a place to research the German language.[22] The Academy's annual Georg Büchner Prize, named in memory of Georg Büchner, is considered the most prestigious literary award for writers of German language.

United States Military presence

U.S. forces entered the city of Darmstadt on March 25, 1945. At the end of World War II, Darmstadt was among the 112 communities where U.S. Forces were stationed. Early units stationed here included elements of the U.S. Constabulary, Air Force units and a Quartermaster School.

Over the years, the U.S. military community Darmstadt — under a variety of designations — served as home for thousands of American soldiers and their families. It included six principal installations in Darmstadt and nearby Babenhausen, Griesheim and Münster, plus several housing areas, an airfield and a large number of smaller facilities as far away as Bensheim and Aschaffenburg. The military newspaper European Stars and Stripes also had its headquarters there. As of 1993, the Darmstadt military community also assumed responsibility for the remaining U.S. Army facilities in the Frankfurt area.

As part of the U.S. Army's ongoing transformation in Germany, the Darmstadt military community, by then designated U.S. Army Garrison Darmstadt, inactivated on September 30, 2008. Even after the garrison inactivation, however, there are two units still in Darmstadt until new facilities are constructed for them elsewhere: The 66th Military Intelligence Group at the Dagger Complex on Eberstädter Weg, and the Defense Threat Reduction Agency on Nathan Hale Depot. They draw their support from the nearby U.S. Army Garrison Wiesbaden.

Boroughs

Darmstadt has 9 official 'Stadtteile' (boroughs). These are, alphabetically:[23]

  • Darmstadt-Arheilgen
  • Darmstadt-Bessungen
  • Darmstadt-Eberstadt
  • Darmstadt-Kranichstein
  • Darmstadt-Mitte ('Central')
  • Darmstadt-Nord ('North')
  • Darmstadt-Ost ('East')
  • Darmstadt-West ('West')
  • Darmstadt-Wixhausen

International relations

Twin towns / Sister cities

Darmstadt is twinned with:[24]

References

  1. ^ Hessian Statistical Office. "Area, population and population change" (in in German). http://www.statistik-hessen.de/themenauswahl/bevoelkerung-gebiet/regionaldaten/gebiet-bevoelkerungsstand-und-vorgaenge/index.html. Retrieved 2007-05-21. 
  2. ^ Micronutrient Status in Two Long-Term Trials with Fertilisation Treatments and Different Cropping Systems - Fischer, Meike et al., Institute for Biodynamic Research, Darmstadt
  3. ^ History (from the official city website. Accessed 2008-08-10.)
  4. ^ Darmstadt - Hessens sonnigste Stadt (in German) - Frankfurter Rundschau, 2006-08-16
  5. ^ a b Wo kommt er her, wo will er hin? - Darmstaedter Echo, 2007-12-03, in German. Retrieved 2008-01-05.)
  6. ^ a b c Essential Facts (brochure) (from the official city website)
  7. ^ Nebenresidenz Darmstadt (darmstait) (from the 'Graf v. Katzenelnbogen' website, in German. Retrieved 2008-01-05.)
  8. ^ Die Geschichte des Grafenhauses (from the 'Graf v. Katzenelnbogen' website, in German. Retrieved 2008-01-05.)
  9. ^ "Population growth in Darmstadt". (from the official city website). http://www.darmstadt.de/en/history/index.html. 
  10. ^ "Establishment of TU Darmstadt (in German)". TU Damrstadt. http://www.tu-darmstadt.de/universitaet/profil_1/identitaet/index.de.jsp. 
  11. ^ Beginning of the End - Musman, Moshe; from Borne Aloft On The Wings Of A Dove (in-depth feature on Dei'ah veDibur website)
  12. ^ a b Darmstädter Stadtgeschichte 20. Jahrhundert (from the official city website, in German, less detailed also in English)
  13. ^ Darmstadt history (from the website of the Technical University of Darmstadt)
  14. ^ a b c d Darmstadt: A mature tramway grows again - Tramways & Urban Transit, September 2001, via 'lrta.info'. Accessed 2009-01-26.
  15. ^ Rosenhöhe - planted with roses (from the official city website)
  16. ^ Mathildenhöhe (Artists' Colony) (from the official city website)
  17. ^ Darmstadt Hauptbahnhof (private photo gallery)
  18. ^ Information about the Heinerfest (in German)
  19. ^ Schloßgrabenfest 2006 (in German)
  20. ^ Jazz-Institut Darmstadt (official institute website)
  21. ^ Internationales Musikinstitut Darmstadt (official institute website, in German)
  22. ^ Deutsche Akademie für Sprache und Dichtung (official academy website, in German)
  23. ^ Statistischer Ueberblick ('Statistical overview', from the official city website, in German)
  24. ^ Town Twinnings and international relations (from the official city website. Accessed 2008-08-11.)
  25. ^ Bursa Metropolitan Municipality Web Site; Sister Cities.
  26. ^ "Twin Towns - Graz Online - English Version". www.graz.at. http://www.graz.at/cms/beitrag/10045157/606819/. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  27. ^ Trondheims offisielle nettsted - Vennskapsbyer

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Mathildenhoehe artist colony in Darmstadt
Mathildenhoehe artist colony in Darmstadt

Darmstadt [1] is a city in Hesse, Germany, located a little south of Frankfurt.

Understand

Prior to World War II, Darmstadt was the capital of the Grand Duchy of Hesse. The Grand Dukes used to live in what is now the Schloß Marktplatz. It is also the birth place of the last Empress of Russia, Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna Romanov, who was born Prinzessin Victoria Alix Helena Louise Beatrice von Hessen und bei Rhein. Sadly, much of the old city was destroyed in carpet bombing by the Allies during World War II, and most of what is still standing was reconstructed after the war. Darmstadt also lost its status as the capital of Hesse after the war, the honour now lying with the nearby city of Wiesbaden.

The popular recreational drug Ecstasy was first synthesised in Darmstadt in 1912 by a chemist known as Anton Kollisch while he was working for the pharmaceutical company Merck. The chemical element Darmstadtium , is named after the city.

The ProRegio Darmstadt [2] tourist office is located at Im Carree 4a, on the second floor.

Explore a 360° virtual tour of Darmstadt [3]

Get in

By train

Trains [4] connect Darmstadt to surrounding cities, including Frankfurt, Heidelberg, and Mainz. Some ICE trains stop at the Darmstadt train station. Darmstadt can be reached by S-Bahn from Frankfurt.

By plane

Darmstadt is located about 20 minutes by road from Frankfurt Main Airport. For those continuing their journey to Darmstadt by public transport, the Darmstadt Airport Shuttle bus service (AirLiner) is far more convenient than the train. It runs every 30 to 60 minutes between 4 a.m. and 11 p.m. and costs €7.10/€5.65 for adults/children. More information can be found on the Darmstadt local transport website [5].

A minibus also links Darmstadt to Frankfurt-Hahn Airport taking an hour and a half for 14 EUR/person [6].

By car

The freeways A5 and A67 go by to the eastern end of Darmstadt.

Get around

The "HEAG" operates a network of trams and buses which are cheap, reliable, mostly punctual, and allow you to get almost everywhere. Schedules can be found here [7] or here [8]

  • Darmstadt is famous for its Jugendstil (art nouveau) buildings. Many of the buildings survived the massive destruction of Darmstadt in September 1944. Visit the Künstlerkolonie Mathildenhöhe, to see the most interesting ones. This is the most beautiful part of Darmstadt. There is also a small park and an art museum there [9]. Here is another link with information in English [10].
  • Darmstadt's landmark is the Langer Ludwig, a statue on a huge sandstone column located right in the city center. When you visit Darmstadt, you can't miss it. On the first Saturday of every month (and during special events) it is open for the public, meaning that you can climb the column (through a stair located on the inside) and get a beautiful view over Darmstadt.
  • The huge Hundertwasser house called "Waldspirale" ("Forest Spiral")
    was finished in 2000. It is a wonderful example for Friedensreich Hundertwasser's (the famous Austrian architect and painter) colourful architectural designs. You can see some pictures here [12].
  • Castle Frankenstein [13]
    is a hilltop castle located near Darmstadt in Mühltal. Here is another link with information in English [14]. The castle is first mentioned in the records in the year 948, and initial construction of the castle ruins remaining today began in the 13th century. The 14th and 15th centuries saw expansion, followed by construction of reinforcements in the 16th. It was owned by the Barons von Frankenstein who owned most of the surrounding land until 1662, when the Baron of that time sold the property to the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt. There have been claims that the castle may have inspired the Mary Shelley novel, Frankenstein. While Shelley is known to have travelled through this area in 1814, historical scholars believe that she was not aware of this castle.
  • A nice baroque garden is the Orangerie [15].
    The garden with several fountains is in the south of Darmstadt in the heart of Bessungen. In the summer people are playing boule or just relaxing in the grass. To get there take the tram number 3 and exit at the station Orangerie.
  • Jagdschloss Kranichstein, Kranichsteiner Straße 261, Tel: 06151 - 97 111 8 - 0, [16].  edit
  • Jugendstil Bad, Mercksplatz 1, [17]. relax in the pool, sauna, and spa and enjoy the art nouveau atmosphere.  edit
  • Vivarium, Schnampelweg 4, 06151 47651, [18]. A small little zoo hosting 700 animals of 150 species. Always worth a visit.  edit
  • ESOC (European Space Operations Center) Guided Tour, [19]. Tours for individuals and the general public (ONLY via pre-registration) take place on Friday, 16:30-18:00, on the following dates in 2010: 15.01.10 19.02.10 19.03.10 16.04.10 21.05.10 25.06.10 16.07.10 20.08.10 17.09.10 15.10.10 19.11.10 17.12.10 Cost & duration: 1.5-hour tour: € 7.00 per person (reduced € 4.00) NOTE: Tours for individuals available only via pre-registration at Wissenschaftsstadt Darmstadt Marketing GmbH, on the days listed above. Tickets can be obtained on the homepage of Wissenschaftsstadt Darmstadt Marketing GmbH under the section "Stadtführungen" or at the Darmstadt Shop, Luisenplatz 5, Darmstadt.   edit
  • Heinerfest, [20]. Held once a year at the end of June/beginning of July. The Festival occupies the whole inner city for 4–5 days. It is the largest "Inner City Festival" of Germany.
  • Schloßgrabenfest, [21]. An annual music festival (usually in May) in the city center. Free entry.
  • Frühstückstreff Darmstadt, [22]. A monthly breakfast club meeting. Free entry.
  • Stella, Rheinstraße 40-42, Tel: 0 61 51-30 82 750, [23]. Nightclub and Lounge, crowd is mainly in its twenties, house music.
  • Schlosskeller, [24]. Non-profit bar and disco run by university students in the dungeons of the Darmstadt Castle.
  • Centralstation, [25]. Concert hall, lounge and restaurant. Has many events going on.
  • Level 6, [26]. (Kasinostr. 60) Cocktail Lounge and Web Lounge und K-60, [27]. Billiard, Snooker, Darts, Fussball, Air Hockey. A bistro with 3 TVs and a projector for sports events
  • Goldene Krone, Schustergasse 18, 06151 / 21352, [28]. Alternative Center for cheap drinks, music and concerts  edit
  • An Sibin Irish Pub, Landgraf-Georgstr. 25, 06151 / 20452. The largest Irish Pub in Darmstadt, with live music on Monday, Wednesdasy, Friday and Saturday. Also, Quiz Night on Tuesday and Karaoke on Thursday. Half price pizzas everybday until 8pm, and Fridays and Saturday cocktails are buy 1 get 1 free.  edit
  • partyamt.de [29] - The well known and best updated website for all events in darmstadt tells you all about the best partyspots, concerts and what else to do.
  • Boathouse (designer clothes, Hügelstraße 71)
  • City Braustüb'l [30], Wilhelminenstraße 31. Local food and beer, steaks; country style interieur and a small, cosy beer garden in summer.
  • Mondo Deli [31], City Center, Grafenstraße 31. Good vegetarian food: indian curries, pasta, soups, salads; selfservice style, menue changes every day, international travellers welcome.
  • Asia [32], old chinese restaurant in Darmstadt, Kasinostrasse 69. Tel (06151) 29 17 46. (Since 1974); good sushi: Sushi-Flatrate served as runnning sushi, delicious chinese restaurant HotPot, Steamboat (3Pers. up) and much more classical chinese dishes. Accept Visa, Amexco, Diners, Master-Cards.
  • Oseki, Neckarstraße 20; good sushi: all you can eat, served on a running sushi belt, plus buffet of asian food, reasonably priced (lunch 8,90€, dinner 14,90€).
  • Mama Mia, Rungenweg, [0] 6151 / 2698
  • Havana, Leisberg, [0] 6151 / 4862
  • Luna Rossa, Mühlbauerstr., [0] 6151 / 2960
  • Zum Goldenen Anker, Nymphenburgerstr., [0] 6151 / 14850
  • Korfu, Holzstrasse , [0] 6151 / 16481
  • Il Borgo, Aberlestraße , [0] 6151 / 21982
  • Gyros, Alter markt, [0] 6151 / 26850
  • Hong Kong Bar, Breisacherstr. , [0] 6151 / 13205
  • Weisses Brauhaus, Stollbergstr. , [0] 6151 / 7590
  • Shiva, Mühlbauerstr., [0] 6151 / 24807
  • Maredo, Kaulbachstrasse , [0] 6151 / 23241
  • Riva, Kumlbacher Str., [0] 6151 / 5449
  • Restaurant Sitte, Karlstraße 15, 06151 25853, [33].  edit
  • Einsiedel, Dieburger Straße 263, +49 6159 717885.  edit
  • Mezzo, Pallaswiesenstraße 19, 06151-295938, [34]. Fresh German cuisine with mediterranean flair.  edit

Drink

Darmstadt has several breweries, as well as a large amount of smaller taverns.

  • Grohe Brauerei, Nieder-Ramstädter-Str.3, Tel: 06151/425255 Fax: 06151/716644, [35]. A smaller traditional brewery. It has its own tavern, where you can drink the freshly brewed beer, and eat typical local foods. It is in the Nieder-Ramstädter-Straße 3, and can easily be reached by tram or by foot from the city center. The beer is also available for sale in bottels or barrels. Many locals believe that this is the best beer available in Darmstadt.
  • Ratskeller. A tavern located in the city center, at the market place, brew their own beer, which is also very tasty. The tavern is in the cellar vault of an older building and has a nice, traditional atmosphere. Everyday between 5.30 and 6.30pm there is the "Schoppestund" It's a happy hour where you can get a freshly brewed beer or dark beer for 1.50 EUR. It's definately worth a try.
  • Rummel Brauerei. The largest in Darmstadt, brews the "Darmstädter" Bier, which is available in many restaurants and taverns in Darmstadt.

Hesse's national drink, apple cider (Apfelwein, or, in the local dialect, "Äbbelwoi"), is very popular here too. It is available in pure form, or blended with sparkling water ("sauer gespritzt") or lemonade ("süß gespritzt"). Foreigners not used to the unusual taste (it is much more sour and less sweet than the cider common in other countries) might want to try the version blended with lemonade first.

  • Bembelsche, Irenenstraße 1, 06151 272857‎.  edit
  • Bayrischer Biergarten, Kastanienallee 4, 06151 711163, [36].  edit
  • Dieburger Biergarten, Dieburger Strasse 97, 061 5143855, [37].  edit
  • Herrngarten Café, Schleiermacherstr. 29, 06151 - 504 777 3, [38].  edit
  • Zum alten Forsthaus Kalkofen, Kalkofenweg 90, +49 (0)6151 - 371480, [39].  edit

Sleep

Darmstadt is a popular alternative for business travellers if trade fairs in Frankfurt result in overbooked hotels. Therefore trade fairs in Frankfurt have a high impact on fluctuating price levels. Try Neu-Isenburg or Dreieich if hotels in Darmstadt are booked out already

  • Maritim Hotels These two hotels are the best in Darmstadt.
  • Konferenzhotel Darmstadt/Frankfurt, Rheinstraße 105, Tel: +49 (0) 6151 878-0, Fax: +49 (0) 6151 878-2169, [40].
  • Rhein-Main Hotel Darmstadt/Frankfurt, Am Kavalleriesand 6, Tel: +49 (0) 6151 303-0, Fax: +49 (0) 6151 303-111, [41].

Other hotel options include:

  • Welcome Hotel Darmstadt, Karolinenplatz 4, Tel: (+49)6151-3914-0, Fax: (+49)6151-3914-444, [42].
  • IBIS Hotel, Kasinostrasse 6, Tel: (+49)6151/39700, Fax: (+49)6151/3970123, [43].
  • ETAP Hotel, Kasinostrasse 4-6, Tel: (+49) 06151 397 37 20, [44].
  • Hotel Contel, Otto-Röhm-Straße 90, Tel: 06151/8820, Fax: 06151/882888, [45].
  • Parkhaus Hotel, Grafenstraße 31, Tel: +49 (0) 6151-28100, fax: +49 (0) 6151-293908, [46].
  • An der Mathildenhöhe, Spessartring 53, Tel: 06151/4984-0, Fax: 06151/4984-50, [47].
  • Hotel Jagdschloß Kranichstein, Kranichsteiner Straße 261, Tel: 06151-97790, [48].
  • Add on Hotel Weinmichel, Schleiermacherstr.10-12, Tel: +49 6151 13064-0, Fax: +49 6151 13064-250, [49].
  • Hotel Bockshaut, Kirchstr. 7-9, Tel. +49 6151 878-0, Fax: +49 6151 9967-67, [50]
  • Prinz Heinrich, Bleichstraße 48, Tel: +49 6151 8137-0, Fax: +49 6151 8137-13, [51]
  • Youth Hostel (Deutsche Jugendherberge), Landgraf-Georg-Str. 119, Tel: +49 6151 45293, Fax: +49 6151 422535, E-Mail: darmstadt@djh-hessen.de, [52]
  • Appartments Duval, Haupstr, [0] 6151 / 22028
  • Villa Oriental, Kumlbacher Str., [0] 6151 / 15398
  • Manhatten, Kaulbachstrasse , [0] 6151 / 22313
  • Hotel Obergasse, Breisacherstr. , [0] 6151 / 26897
  • Hotel Monopol, Rungenweg, [0] 6151 / 30744
  • Crown Hotel, Haupstr, [0] 6151 / 16995
  • Hotel tourist, Aberlestraße , [0] 6151 / 15769
  • Concord, Nymphenburgerstr., [0] 6151 / 11487
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

DARMSTADT, a city of Germany, capital of the grand-duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt, on a plain gently sloping from the Odenwald to the Rhine, 21 m. by rail S.E. from Mainz and 17 m. S. from Frankfort-on-Main. Pop. (1905) 83,000. It is the residence of the grand-duke and the seat of government of the duchy. Darmstadt consists of an old and a new town, the streets of the former being narrow and gloomy and presenting no attractive features. The new town, however, which includes the greater part of the city, contains broad streets and several fine squares. Among the latter is the stately Luisenplatz, on which are the house of parliament, the old palace and the post office, and in the centre of which is a column surmounted by the statue of the grandduke Louis I., the founder of the new town. The square is crossed by the Rhein-strasse, the most important thoroughfare in the city, leading directly from the railway station to the ducal palace. This last, a complex of buildings, dating from various centuries, but possessing few points of special interest, is surrounded by grounds occupying the site of the old moat. Opposite to it, on the north side, and adjoining the pretty palace gardens, are the court theatre and the armoury, and a little farther west the handsome buildings of the new museum, erected in 1905 and containing the valuable scientific and art collections of the state, which were formerly housed in the palace: a library of 600,000 volumes and 4000 MSS., a museum of Egyptian and German antiquities, a picture gallery with masterpieces of old German and Dutch schools, a natural history collection and the state archives. To the right of the entrance to the palace gardens is the tomb of the "great landgravine," Caroline Henrietta, wife of the landgrave Louis IX., surmounted by a marble urn, the gift of Frederick the Great of Prussia, bearing the inscription femina sexu, ingenio vir. To the south of the castle lies the old town, with the market square, the town hall (lately restored and enlarged) and the town church.. Of the eight churches (seven Evangelical) only the Roman Catholic is in any way imposing. There are two synagogues. The town possesses a technical high school, having (since 1900) power to confer the degree of doctor of engineering, and attended by about 2000 students, two gymnasia, a school of agriculture, an artisans' school and a botanical garden. The chemist, Justus von Liebig, was born in Darmstadt in 1803. Among the chief manufactures are the production of machinery, carpets, playing cards, chemicals, tobacco, hats, wine and beer.

The surroundings of Darmstadt are attractive and contain many features of interest. To the east of the town lies the Mathildenhdhe, formerly a park and now converted into villa residences. Here are the Alice hospital and the pretty Russian church, built (1898-1899) by the emperor Nicholas II. of Russia in memory of the empress Maria, wife of Alexander II. In the vicinity is the Rosenhdhe, with the mausoleum of the ducal house, with the tomb of the grand-duchess Alice, daughter of Queen. Victoria of England.

Darmstadt is mentioned in the 11th century, but in the 14th century it was still a village, held by the counts of Katzenelnbogen. It came by marriage into the possession of the house of Hesse in 1479, the male line of the house of Katzenelnbogen having in that year become extinct. The imperial army took it in the Schmalkaldic War, and destroyed the old castle. In 1567, after the death of Philip the Magnanimous, his youngest son George received Darmstadt and chose it as his residence. He was the founder of the line of Hesse-Darmstadt. Its most brilliant days were those of the reign of Louis X. (1790-1830), the first grand-duke, under whom the new town was built.

See Walther, Darmstadt wie es war and wie es geworden (Darms. 1865); and Zernin and Worner, Darmstadt and seine Umgebung (Zurich, 1890).


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

German

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Wikipedia

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Darmstadt

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Proper noun

Darmstadt

  1. Darmstadt (independent city in Hesse, Germany)

Simple English

Darmstadt

Darmstadt
Coordinates 49°52′0″N 8°39′0″E / 49.866667°N 8.65°E / 49.866667; 8.65
Administration
Country Germany
State Hesse
Admin. region Darmstadt
District Urban district
City subdivisions 9 boroughs
Lord Mayor Walter Hoffmann (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 122.23 km2 (47.19 sq mi)
Elevation 144 m  (472 ft)
Population  139,233  (30 September 2006)[1]
 - Density 1,139 /km2 (2,950 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate DA
Postal codes 64283 – 64297
Area codes 06151, 06150
Website www.darmstadt.de
Location of the city of Darmstadt within Hesse

Darmstadt is a city in Germany, in the state of Hesse. It has about 140,000 inhabitants and a university. The chemical element named darmstadtium is named after the city.

Other websites

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References

frr:Darmstadt








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