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Daru of Baekje
Hangul 다루왕
Hanja 多婁王
Revised Romanization Daru-wang
McCune–Reischauer Taru-wang
Monarchs of Korea
Baekje
  1. Onjo 18 BCE–29 CE
  2. Daru 29–77
  3. Giru 77–128
  4. Gaeru 128–166
  5. Chogo 166–214
  6. Gusu 214–234
  7. Saban 234
  8. Goi 234–286
  9. Chaekgye 286–298
  10. Bunseo 298–304
  11. Biryu 304–344
  12. Gye 344–346
  13. Geunchogo 346–375
  14. Geungusu 375–384
  15. Chimnyu 384–385
  16. Jinsa 385–392
  17. Asin 392–405
  18. Jeonji 405–420
  19. Guisin 420–427
  20. Biyu 427–455
  21. Gaero 455–475
  22. Munju 475–477
  23. Samgeun 477–479
  24. Dongseong 479–501
  25. Muryeong 501–523
  26. Seong 523–554
  27. Wideok 554–598
  28. Hye 598–599
  29. Beop 599–600
  30. Mu 600–641
  31. Uija 641–660

Daru of Baekje (?-77, r. 28–77) was the second king of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.

Contents

Background

He was the eldest son of the founding monarch Onjo and became the heir of throne in the year 10. He became king upon Onjo's death.

Reign

According to Samguk Sagi, he ordered the cultivation of land to the south, and banned the fermentation of alcohol in 38 because of a poor harvest.

The Samguk Sagi records many battles against the "Malgal" during Daru's reign. It is unclear who this refers to, as the Mohe tribes are thought to have occupied Manchuria northwest of the northern Korean kingdom Goguryeo, far from Baekje's capital (generally presumed to have been in the present-day Seoul region). The "Malgal" do not appear to refer to the Buyeo people that founded Baekje, nor to the Mahan confederacy tribes subjugated by Baekje. They appear to have remained from the earlier period, incited by Chinese commanderies to attack Baekje. The battles indicate that Baekje as a new power was still expanding its control of the central Korean Peninsula.

He won a battle against the Malgal in 30-31. When the Malgal attacked the northern border in 55, he built Castle Ugok (우곡성/牛谷城) in 56.

In 63, he is said to have sent an emissary to the rival Korean state Silla. In 64, he attacked Silla at Castle Jusan, but was defeated at Castle Guyang. In 66, he attacked and captured Silla's Castle Wasan (와산성/蛙山城). He briefly captured Jusan in 66 and 75, but Silla won them back.

References

See also

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