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City of Dasmariñas
Lungsod ng Dasmariñas
—  City  —
File:City seal soon to be available
Seal
Nickname(s): The University Town of Cavite
Map of Cavite showing the location of Dasmariñas.

Coordinates: 14°28'N 120°55'E

Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Districts 2nd District of Cavite (until June 30, 2010)
Lone District of the City of Dasmariñas (4th District of Cavite) (beginning June 30, 2010)
Barangays[1] 76
Cityhood November 25, 2009
Government
 - Mayor Jennifer A. Barzaga (Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
 - Vice Mayor Valeriano Encabo (Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
 - Councilors Raul Rex R Mangubat

Teofilo "Rudy" B. Lara

Robin Chester J Cantimbuhan

Gavino "Gabby" Mercado

Francisco "Frankie" Barretto

Cecilio "Jun" Dedase Jr

Hermilando "Hemeng" Mendoza

Toyen Gonzalez

Teofilo Campano
 - SK Federation President Lady Encacio
Area
 - Total 90.10 km2 (34.8 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 - Total 556,330
 Density 6,175/km2 (15,993.2/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 46
Website City of Dasmariñas, Cavite

The City of Dasmariñas is a first class city in the province of Cavite, Philippines. It is located approximately 30 kilometers south of Manila. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 556,330 people, making it before the most populous municipality in the Philippines before it was converted into a city.[2] Dasmariñas is now the 11th largest city in the country in terms of population. It has a land area of 90.1 square kilometers. Dasmariñas is part of Cavite's second congressional district. In 2010 Elections Dasmariñas will have its own legislative district. Jennfer A. Barzaga is the city mayor.

Dasmariñas is the wealthiest local government unit in the province of Cavite according to the 2006 Commission on Audit report. In addition, prior to its conversion into a city, Dasmariñas was the only municipality in the Philippines that had both an SM and Robinsons Mall.

Contents

Built up area

With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the city is now included in Manila built up area which reaches Lipa City in its southernmost part.

People and Culture

Population

Dasmariñas has the biggest population in the entire province with over 700,000 people within its borders during the day. The city has 75 barangays, has more than 170 subdivisions and the biggest resettlement area in the Philippines, Dasmariñas Bagong Bayan (DBB).

Most affluent families from Metro Manila and nearby towns and provinces have chosen Dasmariñas to be their home due to its proximity to the National Capital Region. The mass exodus of people here in Dasmariñas is also brought about by the industrial boom which brought about more jobs. There are also a big number of foreign residents such as Koreans, Chinese, Japanese, American, Hindu, etc. Because of this, Dasmariñas can be also considered as the "Melting Pot" of Cavite.

Religion

Christianity is the predominant religion, and the majority of the people are Catholic. Fast-growth of Protestant churches and sects is also evident throughout Dasmariñas, and to name a few, Dasmariñas has Jesus Is Lord Church, Jesus Lord of the Harvest Apostolic Church, Ang Dating Daan, Iglesia ni Cristo, Jehovah's Witness The Church of Jesus Christ of latter-day Saints (Mormons) and the Born again Christian Church of God - Dasmariñas.

Economy

The city of Dasmariñas is one of the fastest growing local government units in the province of Cavite. Numerous commercial establishments, which include major shopping malls, fast foods, groceries, convenient stores, restaurants and other service-oriented businesses, are mostly concentrated in the town proper. Industrial establishments are located in the outskirts of the municipality. It has the greatest number of universities in the province.

From an agri-based economy, the town of Dasmariñas has evolved into a highly urbanized and industrial city. It now boasts of three industrial estates, namely: First Cavite Industrial Estate (FCIE) in Barangay Langkaan, Dasmariñas Technopark located in Barangay Paliparan I and NHA in Bagong Bayan. Aside from these industrial areas, there are 240 other factories/business establishments scattered in the different barangays that sum up to a total of 309 operational industries in the city. Dasmariñas is home to hundreds of thousands of residents who occupy the more than 70 residential subdivisions in the city. It also serves as a haven to investors with its industrial estates and diverse pool of manpower. The rapid growth of the city's population near universities, industrial estates and factories provides a ready market for real estate ventures such as subdivisions, apartments and other support services. Its infrastructure projects involving major road construction and widening support the city in its functional role as one of the residential, commercial, industrial and university centers of Cavite. To protect its environment, Dasmariñas has adopted its Luntiang Dasmariñas program, which is envisioned to plant 100,000 seedlings planted over the town during the year 2000.

Geography and climate

Geographic Location

Dasmariñas City is about 8,234 hectares, 12 kilometers from Metro Manila or the National Capital Region and 27 kilometers south of the center of the City of Manila. It is bounded by the municipalities of Imus and Silang, both in Cavite at the north and south respectively, at the east by the towns of San Pedro and Biñan by the side of Laguna and Carmona and at the west, it is bounded by General Trias, also in Cavite and a little further from this boundary is Trece Martires City.

It is strategically located at the intermediate zone of the Metropolitan Manila area. With adequate accessibility, Dasmariñas is within the urbanizing development influence of Metro Manila area.

It is composed of the Poblacion and the barangays. The Poblacion which is now divided into four zones is on the westernmost section of the municipality, Sabang, Salawag and Salitran are to the north and to the south are San Agustin, Langkaan and Sampaloc. Burol, Paliparan, and the Resettlement Area are on the eastern side of the municipality.

The city of Dasmariñas is landlocked. However, it is not too far from the coastal towns of Rosario, Kawit, Bacoor, Noveleta and Cavite City whose average distance from Poblacion is less than 30 kilometers. It is about the same distance from Laguna de Bay and about 27 kilometers from the resort city of Tagaytay and the famous Taal Lake.

At present, Dasmariñas is served by corridors traversing the central areas which provide linkages to the Metropolitan Manila area core in the north and the developing nodes of Laguna and Batangas.

Topography

Dasmariñas is partly lowland and partly hill. The Poblacion itself is elevated. From an elevation of 80 meters at the Poblacion, the land rises to 250 meters towards Silang. Generally, land near rivers and creeks are rugged. Dasmariñas is outside the typhoon belt and has no fault line constraints. Further, it is served by natural drainage system since it is traversed by several rivers and water tributaries draining to the Manila Bay. The town has yet to experience floods.

Slope

Strongly sloping to elevated areas cover approximately 1,532.16 hectares or 18.61% of the total area. These are dispersed among Burol, Langkaan, Paliparan, Salawag, Sampaloc and San Agustin. Areas with slopes 10.1 to 18% cover about 575.72 hectares of land in portions of Salawag, Salitran, Burol, and other parts.

On the other hand, gently sloping or undulating areas comprise merely 710.4 hectares or 8.62% of the total land area while undulating areas with a slope of 2.6 to 5% account for the biggest percentage of 50.59% of the total land area equivalent to 4, 165.64 hectares of land which are dispersed over the municipality except Sabang and San Jose.

Climate

Two pronounced seasons: wet season and dry season. Wet season covers the period from May to December of each year and dry season covers the period from January to April.

The temperature in Dasmariñas has been noted to range from below 60 F to about 90 F. Further, south, however, where there is a higher elevation, the temperature becomes as cool as 50 F during the Christmas season.

History

The origin of the name "Dasmariñas" is "Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas", a Spanish governor of the Philippines from 1590 to 1593. After his death, his son Luis Pérez Dasmariñas was the governor from 1593 to 1596. Pérez Dasmariñas came from San Miguel das Negradas, Galicia (Spain).

Dasmariñas literally means "from the marines" in the Galician language (NW of Iberian Peninsula).

According to Agustin de la Cavada in his Historia Geografica, Geologica y Estadistica de Filipinas, this town started as a barrio of Imus and it was made into an independent municipality in 1867. The Spanish government named the town of Perez Dasmariñas in honor of Don Perez Dasmariñas who was the Governor General of the Islands from 1590 to 1593. Chinese oarsmen whom he had hired murdered him. His son, Don Luis Perez Dasmariñas also lost his life in the hands of the Chinese in 1603. Don Gomez Dasmariñas was well remembered because he was the one who ordered complete fortification of Intramuros and the construction of Fort Santiago.

The town of Perez Dasmariñas was founded by the Recollect Fathers in the year 1867 under the patronage of the Immaculate Conception whose feast day is celebrated on December 8. Perez Dasmariñas was formerly a "visita" of Imus that was also founded by the Recollect Fathers in 1795. According to records, the first settlers must have arrived in 1861 and were believed to be the families of Gil Tirona, Vicente Guevarra, Eleuterio Geda and Eustaquio Paulino.

Dasmariñas has a colorful history. On February 25, 1897, the Spanish forces came and brought destruction to the town and its people. Almost fifty percent of the population was wiped out during the attack and almost all buildings were burned down except the Roman Catholic Church which remained undamaged. The Spaniards utilized it as their garrison. At the coming of the American fleet of Admiral Dewey and the famous naval battle of Manila Bay in May 1898, which defeated the Spanish forces under Admiral Montojo, the people of Dasmariñas under the leadership of Placido Campos, fought and drove away the Spaniards occupying the town. Noted Filipino generals like Flaviano Yengko and Crispulo Aguinaldo (elder brother of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo) died in action in Dasmariñas during the encounters.

The people who resettled back thereafter rebuilt the town that was heavily devastated. So sooner was it rehabilitated, then in the late 1800s, the Filipinos were again up in arms, this time against the Americans. Then again, Dasmariñas was annihilated and identity was lost in a heap of rabble. Two years later, the American regime took over and in 1904, the town was again reverted to its former distinction as part of Imus. In 1917, however, Dasmariñas re-gained its recognition as a separate municipality. Consequently, provincial Governor A. Soriano along with leading officials of the town particularly Placido N. Campos, Francisco Barzaga, Felipe Tirona and many others, convened and voted to drop the name "Perez" and retain "Dasmariñas" as its official name.

Today, Dasmariñas is complemented with over 556,000 population (as of 2007). As one of Cavite's cities situated within the Metro Manila urban area, Dasmariñas serves as the main catalyst for a major economic development and sustained growth throughout the 1990s. The influx of industries and real estate developments is unheard of in a town outside of a financial district, attest to the fact that Dasmariñas is way ahead in crossing the bridge to the 21st century. The next millennium is a challenge but Dasmariñas will no doubt prevail.

Cityhood

1997-1998

HB08931[3] was filed by Congresman Renato P. Dragon with other cityhood bills of Imus (HB 08960)[4] and Bacoor (HB 08959)[5]. It was filed last February 11, 1997 and read last February 13, 1997. Committee Report N0. 01361 was submitted on December 17, 1997. It was approved on the third reading by the House last January 10, 1998. It did not push through as a Republic Act and no plebiscite happened.

2000

HB099883[6] was filed by Congressman Erineo Maliksi last March 13, 2000. It was first read last March 13, 2000. It was approved on the Second and Third reading of House last March 15, 2000 and March 27, 2000. It was transmitted to the senate on March 28, 2000 and received on March 31, 2009. It did not push through as a Republic Act and no plebiscite happened.

2008-2009

The idea of converting Dasmariñas into a component city was again proposed after failure in 1997 and 2000. Recent unofficial surveys have shown that the municipality's inhabitants are now willing to push forward with cityhood.

House Bill no. 5258 converting the municipality of Dasmariñas into a component city was filed by Congressman Pidi Barzaga last October 3, 2008. It was read last October 6, 2008. It was approved by the House on Second and Third Reading on October 7 and November 17 of 2008. It was transmitted and received by the senate last November 17 and 20 of 2008. It was passed by the senate on Second and Third Reading last October 28 and November 5 of 2009. It is received by the President of the Philippines last October 14, 2009 and signed as Republic Act 9723 last October 15, 2009.[7][8]

COMELEC Resolution No. 8682 in connection with the November 25, 2009 plebiscite to ratify the conversion of the municipality of Dasmariñas province of Cavite into a component city pursuant to Republic Act 9723 dated October 15, 2009.[9]

Republic Act No. 9723 was ratified by the registered voters of Dasmariñas through a plebiscite conducted last November 25, 2009, converted the municipality of Dasmariñas in the Province of Cavite into a component city to be known as the City of Dasmariñas. There were about 44,000 voters who cast the plebiscite ballot in the town’s 1,508 polling precincts. The yes votes won overwhelmingly. The yes votes got 36,559 while the no votes got 8,141.[10][11][12]

Lone District of the City of Dasmariñas

The city of Dasmarinas shall have its own legislative district in the 2010 elections.

A bill was filed in the Lower House. It was approved by the president of the Philippines as Republic Act 9727 last October 22, 2009.[13]

However Republic Act 9723 (Dasmariñas City Charter) section 64 also includes the City of Dasmariñas shall have its own legislative district to commence in the next national election after the effectivity of this Act.[13][14][15] [16] [17]

Dasmariñas has 556,330 population which qualifies this city to have two legislative districts. Reapportioning the lone district is being planned in order to be included in 2013 Philippine general elections.

Barangays

Dasmariñas is politically subdivided into 80 barangays.

  • Burol
  • Langkaan I
  • Langkaan II
  • Sabang
  • Salawag
  • Salitran I
  • Salitran II
  • Salitran III
  • Salitran IV
  • Sampaloc I
  • San Andres I
  • San Andres II
  • San Agustin I
  • San Jose
  • Zone I (Pob.)
  • Zone II (Pob.)
  • Zone III (Pob.)
  • Zone IV (Pob.)
  • Datu Esmael (Bago-a-ingud)
  • Emmanuel Bergado I
  • Fatima I
  • Luzviminda I
  • Luzviminda II
  • Saint Peter I
  • Saint Peter II
  • Saint Claire
  • San Antonio De Padua I
  • San Dionisio (Barangay 1)
  • San Esteban (Barangay 4)
  • San Francisco I
  • San Isidro Labrador I
  • San Juan (San Juan I)
  • San Lorenzo Ruiz I
  • San Luis I
  • San Luis II
  • San Manuel I
  • San Mateo
  • San Miguel
  • San Nicolas I
  • San Roque (Sta. Cristina II)
  • San Simon (Barangay 7)
  • Santa Cristina I
  • Santa Cruz II
  • Santa Cruz I
  • Santa Fe
  • Santa Lucia (San Juan II)
  • Santa Maria (Barangay 20)
  • Santo Cristo (Barangay 3)
  • Santo Niño I
  • Burol I
  • Burol II
  • Burol III
  • Emmanuel Bergado II
  • Fatima II
  • Fatima III
  • Luzviminda II
  • Paliparan I
  • Paliparan II
  • Paliparan III
  • Saint Peter II
  • Salitran II
  • Salitran III
  • Salitran IV
  • Sampaloc II
  • Sampaloc III
  • Sampaloc IV
  • Sampaloc V (New Era)
  • San Agustin I
  • San Agustin II
  • San Agustin III
  • San Andres II
  • San Antonio De Padua II
  • San Francisco II
  • San Isidro Labrador II
  • San Lorenzo Ruiz II
  • San Luis II
  • San Manuel II
  • San Miguel II
  • San Nicolas II
  • Santa Cristina II
  • Santa Cruz II
  • Santo Niño II
  • Victoria Reyes Pag-asa
  • Zone I-B
  • Zone I-A

Education

De La Salle Health Sciences Institute

Dasmariñas is the site of several high schools, universities, colleges, and technical/vocational institutions, thus bestowing to the town the nickname "The University Town of Cavite."

Among the list of educational institutions located in the town are:

See also

References

External links

Largest cities in the Philippines

Manila
Manila
Pasig
Pasig

Rank City Region Population Rank City Region Population

Makati
Makati
Pasig
Marikina

1 Quezon City National Capital 2,679,450 11 Dasmariñas Region IV-A 556,330
2 Manila National Capital 1,660,714 12 Cagayan de Oro Region X 553,966
3 Caloocan National Capital 1,378,856 13 Parañaque National Capital 552,660
4 Davao City Region XI 1,363,337 14 Las Piñas National Capital 532,330
5 Cebu City Region VII 798,809 15 General Santos Region XII 529,542
6 Zamboanga City Region IX 774,407 16 Makati National Capital 510,383
7 Antipolo Region IV-A 633,971 17 Bacolod Region VI 499,497
8 Pasig National Capital 617,301 18 Muntinlupa National Capital 452,493
9 Taguig National Capital 613,343 19 San Jose del Monte Region III 439,090
10 Valenzuela National Capital 568,928 20 Marikina National Capital 424,610
Philippines 2007 Census


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