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Dasyuromorphia
Fossil range: Late Oligocene–Recent
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A quoll
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Marsupialia
Order: Dasyuromorphia
Gill, 1872
Families

Thylacinidae
Dasyuridae
Myrmecobiidae

The order Dasyuromorphia (meaning "hairy tail"[1]) comprises most carnivorous marsupials, including quolls, dunnarts, the Numbat, the Tasmanian Devil, and the recently extinct Thylacine. The only exceptions are the omnivorous bandicoots (order Peramelemorphia) and the marsupial moles (which eat meat but are very different and are now accorded an order of their own, Notoryctemorphia).

There are three families: one with just a single member, one with only extinct members, including the late "Tasmanian Tiger" (Thylacine - Thylacinus cynocephalus), and one, Dasyuridae, with about 70 members.

Contents

Characteristics

Unlike herbivores, which tend to become highly specialized for particular ecological niches and diversify greatly in form, carnivores tend to be broadly similar to one another, certainly on the level of gross external form. Just as northern hemisphere carnivores like cats, foxes and weasels are much more alike in structure than, for example, camels, goats, pigs and giraffes, so too are the marsupial predators constrained to retain general-purpose, look-alike forms—forms which mirror those of placental carnivores. The names given to them by early European settlers reflect this: the Thylacine was called the Tasmanian Tiger, quolls were called native cats, and so on.

The primary specialisation among marsupial predators is that of size: prior to the massive environmental changes that came about with the arrival of humans about 50,000 years ago, there were several very large carnivores, none of them members of the Dasyuromorphia and all of them now extinct. Those that survived into historical times ranged from the wolf-sized Thylacine to the tiny Long-tailed Planigale which at 4 to 6 grams is less than half the size of a mouse. Most, however, tend towards the lower end of the size scale, typically between about 15 or 20 grams and about 2 kilograms, or from the size of a domestic mouse to that of a small domestic cat.

Classification

To provide context, the table below also shows the other major branches of the Australasian marsupial tree.

References

External links

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Translingual

Proper noun

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Dasyuromorphia

  1. a taxonomic order, within infraclass Metatheria - the Tasmanian devil and similar marsupials
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Wikispecies

See also

  • Thylacinidae
  • Dasyuridae
  • Myrmecobiidae

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Sarcophilus laniarius, a species of ordo Dasyuromorphia.

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Marsupialia
Ordo: Dasyuromorphia
Familiae: Dasyuridae - Myrmecobiidae - †Thylacinidae

Name

Dasyuromorphia Gill, 1872

Synonyms

  • Creatophaga
  • Dasyuriformes
  • Dasyroidea

References

  • Mammal Species of the World, A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd edition, 2005 ISBN 0801882214

Vernacular names

Български: Хищни двуутробни
Česky: Kunovci
Español: Dasiuriformes
Magyar: Erszényes ragadozók
日本語: フクロネコ目
Polski: Niełazokształtne
Русский: Хищные сумчатые
Svenska: Rovlevande pungdjur
Türkçe: Yırtıcı keseliler
Українська: Хижі сумчасті
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Dasyuromorphia on Wikimedia Commons.

Simple English

Dasyuromorphia
Fossil range: Late Oligocene - Recent
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Marsupialia
Order: Dasyuromorphia
Gill, 1872
Families

Thylacinidae (extinct)
Dasyuridae
Myrmecobiidae

Dasyuromorphia are fair-sized order of some of the more unusual carnivorous or insectivorous marsupials. They vary in appearance, from rodent-like to cat-like to dog-like. This order includes the ever-famous Tasmanian devil. In this order, most of the marsupials have a pouch located on the belly. However, some of the broad-footed marsupial mice have only folds of skin instead of true pouches, and the numbat lacks a pouch entirely. There are 63 species in 3 families, although one of the families is probably extinct:

Look up Dasyuromorphia in Wikispecies, a directory of species

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