David Bagration of Mukhrani: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pretender
Davit' (David) Bagration of Moukhrani
David and Anna Bagrationi.JPG
Born June 24, 1976 (1976-06-24) (age 33)
Madrid, Spain
Regnal name claimed David XIII
Title(s) Duke of the Lasos, Prince of Kakheti, Kartli and Mukhrani
Throne(s) claimed Georgia
Pretend from January 16, 2008 - present
Monarchy abolished 1800
Last monarch George XII of Georgia
Connection with Distant cousin
Royal House Bagrationi
Father Jorge de Bagration
Mother Doña María de las Mercedes de Zornoza y Ponce de Leon
Spouse Princess Anna Bagration-Gruzinsky
Predecessor Jorge de Bagration

David Bagrationi of Moukhrani, David Bagration de Moukhrani y de Zornoza, or Davit' Bagration-Mukhraneli (Georgian: დავით ბაგრატიონ-მუხრანელი) (born June 24, 1976) is a claimant to the headship of the Royal House of Georgia, succeeding on the death of his father Jorge de Bagration on January 16, 2008.

Contents

Early life

David was born as the second son of Prince Jorge by his first wife Doña María de las Mercedes de Zornoza y Ponce de Leon in Madrid, Spain. David also has one older sister, Maria Antonieta, and a younger half-brother, Gourami (Ugo).[1]

Dynastic activities

David settled permanently in Georgia’s capital of Tbilisi in 2003 and obtained dual citizenship from Georgia in 2004. He also serves as an altar server to Ilia II, Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia.

In 2007, David succeeded his father as patrilineal head of the Bagrationi dynasty, after his elder brother, Irakli, renounced the headship. As such, he asserts the right to inherit the throne, were it restored, of the united kingdom of Georgia, as well as inheritance of the designations: Dynastic Heir, Heir to the titles of Duke of the Lasos and Prince of Kakheti, Kartalia and Mukhrani, Head of the Family Council and Grand Master of the Order of the Eagle of Georgia and the Tunic of Our Lord Jesus Christ, Royal Patron of the Royal Confraternity of Sao Teotonio.[1]

During the Russian–Georgian war over South Ossetia in August 2008, Prince David accompanied the Georgian soldiers to the frontline to render moral support. He commented afterwards that he regretted Georgia "had to pay such a high price to show the world the true face of Russia."[2] and issued a special message to the Georgian nation. Prince David considers restoration of monarchy in Georgia is not an option at this time because of ongoing Russian occupation of parts of the country; and it is up to the people of Georgia to decide when the monarchy should be restored.[2]

Intra-dynastic marriage

Nugzar Bagration-Gruzinsky's daughter, Princess Anna married Prince David Bagration of Mukhrani, on 8 February 2009 at the Tbilisi Sameba Cathedral. The marriage united the Gruzinsky (Kakheti) and Moukhransky (Mukhraneli) branches of the Georgian royal family, and drew a crowd of 3,000 spectators, officials, and foreign diplomats, as well as extensive coverage by the Georgian media.[3]

The dynastic significance of the wedding lay in the fact that, amidst the turmoil in political partisanship that has roiled Georgia since its independence in 1991, Patriarch Ilia II of Georgia publicly called for restoration of the monarchy as a path toward national unity in October 2007.[4] Although this led some politicians and parties to entertain the notion of a Georgian constitutional monarchy, competition arose among the old dynasty's princes and supporters, as historians and jurists debated which Bagrationi has the strongest hereditary right to a throne that has been vacant for two centuries.[3] Although some Georgian monarchists support the Gruzinsky Royal branch's claim, others support that of the re-patriated Mukhrani branch.[4] Both branches descend in unbroken, legitimate male line from the medieval kings of Georgia down to Constantine II of Georgia who died in 1505.

Whereas the Bagration-Mukhrani (Bagrationi-Mukhraneli) was a cadet branch of the former Royal House of Kartli, they became the genealogically seniormost line of the Bagrationi family in the early 20th century: yet the elder branch had lost the rule of Kartli by 1724.[5]

Meanwhile, the Bagration-Gruzinsky line, although junior to the Princes of Mukhrani genealogically, reigned over the kingdom of Kakheti, re-united the two realms in the kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti in 1762, and did not lose sovereignty until Russian annexation in 1800.[6]

The bridegroom is the only member of his branch who retains Georgian citizenship and residence since the death of his father, Prince George (Jorge) Bagration-Mukhrani in 2008.[6] Aside from his unmarried elder brother, Prince David is the heir male of the Bagration family, while the bride's father is the most senior descendant of the last Bagrationi to reign over the united kingdom of Georgia.[7] Since Nugzar and Princes Peter and Eugene Bagrationi-Gruzinsky are the last patrilineal males descended from King George XII, and all three were born before 1950, their branch verges on extinction.[7] But the marriage between Nugzar Gruzinsky's heiress and the Mukhrani heir resolves their rivalry for the claim to the throne, which has divided Georgian monarchists.[6] A son born of this marriage is apt to eventually become both the heir male of the House of Bagration and the heir general of George XII of Georgia.

On 3 August 2009, Russian news agency Blagovest reported that Prince David and Princess Anna had separated within a month of their marriage. Princess Anna's mother was quoted as saying that the Bagrationi family will not be commenting to the media on what they believe is a strictly private matter. The Blagovest article also stated that there is little chance of a reconciliation and that the marriage is effectively over.[8] However, it was subsequently reported that the couple were vacationing together in Venezuela in October 2009, two months after the separation story surfaced and nearly a year after the marriage.[9].

Advertisements

Patrilineal descent

David Bagration descends in the direct, legitimate male line from a younger son of King Constantine II of Georgia.[10] When Constantine's eldest son inherited (his division of the realm) as King David X of Kartli, he gave Mukhrani, north of Tbilisi, in feudal appanage to his younger brother Bagrat-batonishvili, who thus became the first of his line to exercise palatine rights as the Mukhran-batoni or "Prince of Mukhrani".[11]

David's patriline is his descent from father to son. The Bagratid origin of David Soslan, king consort of Queen Tamar, is doubtful, although their descendants continued to reckon themselves members of that dynasty and rulers born of this lineage may have been descendants of some earlier rulers of the same lands.[12] The male line follows the feudal Princes of Mukhrani, the Kings of Kartli, the Kings of Georgia and, by some reckoning, the early monarchs of Caucasian Iberia. Davit Soslan flourished in the last decades of the 1100s, which means a patriline of at least 800 years.

  1. Ashot III Bagratuni d. 761
  2. Vasak Bagration
  3. Adarnase Bagration, d. 779
  4. Ashot I of Iberia, d. 826/830
  5. Bagrat I of Iberia, d. 876
  6. David I of Iberia, d. 881
  7. Adarnase IV of Iberia, d. 923
  8. Sumbat I of Iberia, d. 958
  9. Bagrat II of Iberia, 937 – 994
  10. Gurgen of Georgia, d. 1008
  11. Bagrat III of Georgia, 960 – 1014
  12. George I of Georgia, 998 – 1027
  13. Bagrat IV of Georgia, 1018–1072
  14. George II of Georgia, 1054–1112
  15. David IV of Georgia, 1073–1125
  16. Demetre I of Georgia, 1093–1156
  17. George III of Georgia, d. 1184
  18. Queen Tamar of Georgia, 1160–1213
  19. George IV of Georgia, 1191–1223
  20. David VII of Georgia, 1215–1270
  21. Demetre II of Georgia, 1259–1289
  22. George V of Georgia, 1286–1346
  23. David IX of Georgia, d. 1393
  24. Bagrat V of Georgia, d. 1393
  25. Constantine I of Georgia, 1369–1412
  26. Alexander I of Georgia, 1389–1446
  27. Demetre Bagration, Duke of Imereti, d. 1453
  28. Constantine II of Georgia, 1447–1505
The Mukhrani cadet branch
  1. Bagrat I of Mukhrani, 1487–1540
  2. Vakhtang I of Mukhrani, 1510–1580
  3. Teimuraz I of Mukhrani, 1572–1625
  4. Constantine I of Mukhrani, before 1618 - +1667
  5. Teimuraz II of Mukhrani, 1649–1688
  6. Constantine II of Mukhrani, d. 1716
  7. Constantine III of Mukhrani, 1696–1756
  8. Ioane of Mukhrani, 1755–1800, who married in 1781 Keteven Thamar (1764–1840), 9th daughter of King Erekle II of Georgia, from whom are descended:[10]
  9. Constantine IV of Mukhrani, 1782–1842
  10. Prince Irakli Bagration of Mukhrani, 1813–1892
  11. Alexander Bagration of Mukhrani, 1853–1918
  12. George Bagration of Mukhrani, 1884–1957
  13. Irakli Bagration of Mukhrani, 1909–1977
  14. Jorge de Bagration, 1944–2008
  15. David Bagration of Mukhrani, 1976 -

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Buyers, Christopher (2008). Mukhrani: The Bagrationi (Bagration) Dynasty. Royal Ark. Accessed on 15 February 2009.
  2. ^ a b (Spanish) Un Rey con acento español para Georgia. ABC Periódico Electrónico. 2008-09-05.
  3. ^ a b Vignanski, Misha (02/08/2009), Primera boda real en dos siglos reagrupa dos ramas de la dinastía Bagration, written at Tiflis, , el confidencial (Spain), http://www.elconfidencial.com/cache/2009/02/08/93_primera_siglos_reagrupa_ramas_dinastia_bagration.html#, retrieved 02/09/2009 
  4. ^ a b Time for a King for Georgia?
  5. ^ Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh, 1980, "Burke’s Royal Families of the World: Volume II Africa & the Middle East, page 59 ISBN 0-85011-029-7
  6. ^ a b c Wedding of the two royal dynasties members, , GeorgiaTimes, 02/08/2009, http://www.georgiatimes.info/?lang=en&area=newsItem&id=7197, retrieved 02/09/2009 
  7. ^ a b Buyers, Christopher (2008). Kakheti: The Bagration Dynasty. Royal Ark. Accessed on 15 February 2009.
  8. ^ Династический брак представителей восьмого поколения фамилии Багратионов окончательно распался, Blagovest (Russia), 08/03/2009, retrieved on 08/11/2009
  9. ^ Look Caras: Gritos y susurros, 8th October 2009
  10. ^ a b Buyers, Christopher (2008). Georgia: The Bagrationi (Bagration) Dynasty Royal Ark. Accessed on 26 February 2009.
  11. ^ Buyers, Christopher (2008). Mukhrani: The Bagrationi (Bagration) Dynasty. Royal Ark. Accessed on 15 February 2009.
  12. ^ Alemany, Agustí (2000), Sources on the Alans: A Critical Compilation, p. 321. Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9004114424.

External links

David Bagration of Mukhrani
Born: June 24 1976
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Prince Giorgi Bagration-Mukhranski
— TITULAR —
King of Georgia
January 16, 2008 – present
Reason for succession failure:
Kingdom incorportated into the Russian Empire in 1801
Incumbent
Heir:
Prince Gourami Bagration-Moukhrani

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message