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David Binning Monro (November 16, 1836 – August 22, 1905) was a Scottish Homeric scholar.

David Monro was born in Edinburgh, the grandson of Alexander Monro tertius, professor of anatomy at the University of Edinburgh, whose own father, Alexander Monro secondus (1733–1817), and grandfather, Alexander Monro primus (1697–1767), had both filled the same position. David Monro was educated at the University of Glasgow, where he was influenced by Edmund Law Lushington to become a classical scholar. In 1854, he attended Brasenose College, Oxford and, later in the same year transferred to Balliol College, Oxford, where he was a Snell exhibitioner. In 1859, he was elected Fellow of Oriel College, Oxford; although he entered Lincoln's Inn the following year, he became lecturer and then tutor at Oriel. In 1882, he became Provost of the College, and he held this office until his death at Heiden, Switzerland. He also served as Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford from 1901 to 1904.

Monro was a polymath and polyglot who possessed considerable knowledge of music, painting and architecture. His favourite study was Homer, and his A Grammar of the Homeric Dialect (2nd ed., 1891) established his reputation as an authority on the subject. He edited the last twelve books of the Odyssey, with valuable appendices on the composition of the poem, its relation to the Iliad and the cyclic poets, the history of the text, the dialects, and the Homeric house; a critical text of the poems and fragments (Homeri opera et reliquiae, 1896); Homeri opera (1902, with T. W. Allen, in the Scriptorum Classicorum Bibliotheca Oxoniensis); and an edition of the Iliad with notes for schools.

Monro's article on Homer, written for the 9th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, was revised by him for later versions before he died. He also wrote The Modes of Ancient Greek Music (1894).

References

Selected works

Academic offices
Preceded by
Thomas Fowler
Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University
1901–1904
Succeeded by
William Walter Merry
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

DAVID BINNING MONRO (1836-1905), English Homeric scholar, was born in Edinburgh on the 16th of November 1836. He was a grandson of Alexander Monro, tertius (1773-1859), professor of anatomy in Edinburgh University, whose father, Alexander Monro, secundus (1733-1817), and grandfather, Alexander Monro, primus (1697-1767), both filled the same position. He was educated at Glasgow University, and Brasenose and Balliol Colleges, Oxford. In 1859 he was elected fellow, and in 1882 provost of Oriel, which office he held till his death at Heiden, Switzerland, on the 22nd of August 1905. He was a man of varied attainments, an excellent linguist, and possessed considerable knowledge of music, painting and architecture. His favourite study was Homer, and his Grammar of the Homeric Dialect (2nd ed., 1891) established his reputation as an authority on that author. He also edited the last twelve books of the Odyssey, with valuable appendices on the composition of the poem, its relation to the Iliad and the cyclic poets, the history of the text, the dialects, and the Homeric house; a critical text of the poems and fragments (Homeri opera et reliquiae, 1896); Homeri opera (1902, with T. W. Allen, in Scriptorum classicorum bibliotheca oxoniensis); and an edition of the Iliad with notes for schools. His article on Homer, written for the 9th edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, was revised by him for this work before he died. Mention may also be made of his Modes of Ancient Greek Music (1894), on which see Classical Review for December 1894, with author's reply in the same for February 1895.

See Memoir by J. Cook Wilson (Oxford, 1907).


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