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David Dalrymple, Lord Hailes: Wikis

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Woodcut of David Dalrymple, Lord Hailes

Sir David Dalrymple, 3rd Baronet, Lord Hailes (October 28, 1726 – November 29, 1792) was a Scottish advocate, judge and historian, born in Edinburgh.

Contents

Family

His father, Sir James Dalrymple, 2nd Baronet, of Hailes, Haddingtonshire, Auditor of the Exchequer in Scotland, was a grandson of James Dalrymple, 1st Viscount of Stair; and his mother, Lady Christian Hamilton, was a daughter of Thomas Hamilton, 6th Earl of Haddington. The eldest of sixteen children, he succeeded to his father's baronetcy upon his death in 1751.

Career

He was educated at Eton, and studied law at Utrecht. In 1748 upon his return to Scotland from Utrecht he was admitted an Advocate. It is said that as a pleader he attained neither high distinction nor very extensive practice, but he rapidly established a well-deserved reputation for sound knowledge, unwearied application and strict probity, and in 1766 he was elevated to the bench in the Court of Session where he assumed the title of Lord Hailes. Ten years later he was appointed a Lord of Justiciary.

Marriage

He was twice married: (1) in 1763, to Anne, daughter of Sir George Broun, Lord Coalston, a Lord of Session, by whom he had a daughter, Christian (d.1838). He remarried (2) March 20, 1770, Helen (d. 1799), daughter of Sir James Fergusson, Baronet, of Kilkerran, Ayrshire, by whom he had another daughter, Jean (d.1803) who married her cousin, James Fergusson, Esq., and left issue.

Upon the death of Lord Hailes, his baronetcy passed to his nephew, James, 3rd Bt., the son of his brother John Dalrymple, Lord Provost of Edinburgh.

Lord Hailes as historian

Lord Hailes's most important contribution to literature was the Annals of Scotland, of which the first volume, From the accession of Malcolm III, surnamed Canmore, to the accession of Robert I, appeared in 1776, and the second, From the accession of Robert I, surnamed Bruce, to the accession of the house of Stewart, in 1779. It is, as his friend Dr Johnson justly described this work at the time of its appearance, a "Dictionary" of carefully sifted facts, which tells all that is wanted and all that is known, but without any laboured splendour of language or affected subtlety of conjecture.

The other works of Lord Hailes include:

  • Historical Memoirs concerning the Provincial Councils of the Scottish Clergy (1769)
  • An Examination of some of the Arguments for the High Antiquity of Regiam Majestatem (1769)
  • Remains of Christian Antiquity, 3 vols.
  • Account of the Martyrs of Smyrna and Lyons in the Second Century, 1776
  • The Trials of Justin Martyr, Cyprian, etc., 1778
  • The History of the Martyrs of Palestine, translated from Eusebius, 1780)
  • Disquisitions concerning the Antiquities of the Christian Church (1783)
  • editions or translations of portions of Lactantius, Tertullian and Minucius Felix.

In 1786 he published An Inquiry into the Secondary Causes which Mr Gibbon has assigned for the Rapid Growth of Christianity (Dutch translation, Utrecht, 1793), one of the most respectable of the very many replies which were made to the famous 15th and 16th chapters of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. A Memoir of Lord Hailes is prefixed to the 1808 reprint of his Inquiry into the Secondary Causes.

References

  • The Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England, Ireland, and Scotland, by Messrs. John and John Bernard Burke, second edition, London, 1841, p.620.

External links

Masonic offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Atholl
Grand Master of the
Grand Lodge of Scotland

1774–1776
Succeeded by
William Forbes, 6th Baronet
Baronetage of Nova Scotia
Preceded by
James Dalrymple
Baronet
of Hailes, Midlothian
1751–1792
Succeeded by
James Dalrymple
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

DAVID DALRYMPLE HAILES, Lord (1726-1792), Scottish lawyer and historian, was born at Edinburgh on the 28th of October 1726. His father, Sir James Dalrymple, Bart., of Hailes, in the county of Haddington, auditor-general of the exchequer of Scotland, was a grandson of James, first Viscount Stair; and his mother, Lady Christian Hamilton, was a daughter of Thomas, 6th earl of Haddington. David was the eldest of sixteen children. He was educated at Eton, and studied law at Utrecht, being intended for the Scottish bar, to which he was admitted shortly after his return to Scotland in 1748. As a pleader he attained neither high distinction nor very extensive practice, but he rapidly established a well-deserved reputation for sound knowledge, unwearied application and strict probity; and in 1766 he was elevated to the bench, when he assumed the title of Lord Hailes. Ten years later he was appointed a lord of justiciary. He died on the 29th of November 1792. He was twice married, and had a daughter by each wife. The baronetcy to which he had succeeded passed to the son of his brother John, provost of Edinburgh. Another brother was Alexander Dalrymple (1737-1808), the first admiralty hydrographer, who distinguished himself in the East India Company's service and as a geographer. Lord Hailes's younger daughter married Sir 1 " Hail," a call of greeting or salutation, a shout to attract attention, must, of course, be distinguished. This word represents the Old Norwegian heill, prosperity, cognate with O. Eng. hat, whence " hale," " whole," and heel, whence " health," " heal."' James Fergusson; and their grandson, Sir Charles Dalrymple, 1st Bart. (cr. 1887), M.P. for Bute from 1868 to 1885, afterwards came into Lord Hailes's estate and took his family name.

Lord Hailes's most important contribution to literature was the Annals of Scotland, of which the first volume, " From the accession of Malcolm III., surnamed Canmore, to the accession of Robert I.," appeared in 1776, and the second, " From the accession of Robert I., surnamed Bruce, to the accession of the house of Stewart," in 1779. It is, as Dr Johnson justly described this work at the time of its appearance, a " Dictionary " of carefully sifted facts, which tells all that is wanted and all that is known, but without any laboured splendour of language or affected subtlety of conjecture. The other works of Lord Hailes include Historical Memoirs concerning the Provincial Councils of the Scottish Clergy (1769); An Examination of some of the Arguments for the High Antiquity of Regiam Majestatem (1769); three volumes entitled Remains of Christian Antiquity (" Account of the Martyrs of Smyrna and Lyons in the Second Century," 1776; " The Trials of Justin Martyr, Cyprian, &c.," 1778; The History of the Martyrs of Palestine, translated from Eusebius," 1780); Disquisitions concerning the Antiquities of the Christian Church (1783); and editions or translations of portions of Lactantius, Tertullian and Minucius Felix. In 1786 he published An Inquiry into the Secondary Causes which Mr Gibbon has assigned for the Rapid Growth of Christianity (Dutch translation, Utrecht, 1793), one of the most respectable of the very many replies which were made to the famous 15th and 16th chapters of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. A " Memoir " of Lord Hailes is prefixed to the 1808 reprint of his Inquiry into the Secondary Causes.


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