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The Right Honourable
 David Davis 
MP

David Davis, 2008

In office
6 November 2003 – 12 June 2008
Leader Michael Howard
David Cameron
Preceded by Oliver Letwin
Succeeded by Dominic Grieve

In office
18 September 2001 – 23 July 2002
Leader Iain Duncan Smith
Preceded by Michael Ancram
Succeeded by Theresa May

Member of Parliament
for Haltemprice and Howden, Boothferry (1987–1997)
Incumbent
Assumed office 
11 June 1987
Preceded by Sir Paul Bryan
Majority 15,355 (64.2%)

Born 23 December 1948 (1948-12-23) (age 61)
York, England
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Doreen Davis (3 children)
Alma mater University of Warwick, London Business School, Harvard University

David Michael Davis (born 23 December 1948) is a British politician who was the Conservative Party Member of Parliament for the constituency of Haltemprice and Howden. He was named to the Privy Council in the 1997 New Years Honours List.

Davis was raised on a council estate in South London. After a grammar school education, he went on to gain a Master's degree in business at age 25, and went into a career with Tate & Lyle.

Entering Parliament in 1987 at age 38 for the Boothferry constituency, in his subsequent political career he held the positions of Conservative party chairman and Shadow Deputy Prime Minister. Between 2003 and 2008 he was the Shadow Home Secretary in the shadow cabinet, under both Michael Howard and David Cameron. Davis had previously been a candidate for the leadership of the Conservative Party in 2001 and 2005, coming fourth and then second.

On 12 June 2008, in a surprise and controversial move, Davis announced his intention to resign as an MP, and was immediately replaced as Shadow Home Secretary. This was in order to force a by-election in his seat, for which he intended to seek re-election by mounting a specific campaign designed to provoke wider public debate about the erosion of civil liberties in the United Kingdom. Following his formal resignation as an MP on 18 June 2008,[1] he officially became the Conservative candidate in the resulting by-election and won it on 10 July 2008.

Contents

Early life

Born to a single mother, Betty Brown, in York[2] on 23 December 1948, Davis was initially brought up by his grandparents there. His grandfather Walter Harrison was the son of a wealthy trawlerman and was disinherited after joining the Communist Party; he led a hunger march to London shortly after the more famous Jarrow March, which did not allow Communists to participate.[3] His father, whom he met once after his mother's death, is Welsh.[2] When his mother married a Polish-Jewish printworker, Ronald Davis, he moved to London. They lived initially in a flat in a "slum" in Wandsworth before moving to a council estate in Tooting, South London.

On leaving Bec Grammar School in Tooting, his A Level results were not good enough to secure a university place. Davis worked as an insurance clerk and became a member of the Territorial Army's 21 SAS Regiment in order to earn the money to retake his examinations. On doing so he won a place at the University of Warwick (BSc Joint Hons Molecular Science/Computer Science 1968–71). Whilst at Warwick, he was one of the founding members of the student radio station, University Radio Warwick. He went straight on from there to London Business School, where he got a Master's Degree in Business (1971–73), and, later, Harvard University (Advanced Management Program 1984–85).

Davis worked for Tate & Lyle for 17 years, rising to become a senior executive, including restructuring its troubled Canadian subsidiary, Redpath Sugar.[4] He wrote about his business experience in the 1988 book How to Turn Round a Company.

He met his wife, Doreen, at Warwick. They have three children.[5]

Political career

Davis was first elected to Parliament in the 1987 general election as the MP for Boothferry which, in 1997, became the constituency of Haltemprice and Howden. He was a government whip when parliament voted on the Maastricht Treaty in 1992, angering many of the Maastricht rebels on his own right-wing of the party. Davis's progression through the Conservative ranks eventually led to him becoming a Minister of State at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (1994–1997).

In 1999 Davis presented the Parliamentary Control of the Executive Bill to the House of Commons, in which he proposed to transfer ministerial exercise of the Royal Prerogative to the Commons in the following areas: the signing of treaties, the diplomatic recognition of foreign governments; European Union legislation; the appointment of ministers, peers and ambassadors; the establishment of Royal Commissions; the proclamation of Orders-in-Council unless subject to resolutions of the Commons; the exercise of the powers of the executive not made by statute; the declarations of states of emergency; the dissolution of Parliament.[6]

In the following parliament, Davis held the position of Chairman of the House of Commons Public Accounts Committee between 1997 and 2001. In this role he began to build a reputation, and some Conservatives started to mention him as being a potential future leader of the Conservative Party. Following the resignation of William Hague, he contested the 2001 election for the leadership of the Conservative Party, finishing fourth and being appointed Chairman of the Conservative Party by the eventual winner, Iain Duncan Smith. His most notable action in this post was the suspension of the Monday Club's affiliation with the Conservative Party because of its perceived inflammatory views on race.[citation needed]

In 2002, Duncan Smith replaced Davis with Theresa May. Davis was on a family holiday in Florida at the time and the manner of his sacking ensured a significant amount of sympathy among Conservative Party members. His new position was to shadow the Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott as Shadow Secretary of State for the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. This was largely viewed as a demotion. When Duncan Smith was removed as Conservative leader by a vote of no confidence, Davis surprised commentators by quickly announcing that he would not stand for the leadership. He lent his support to Michael Howard who was not challenged allowing an uncontested election to take place. He was rewarded for this with a new role as Shadow Home Secretary.[citation needed]

In the role of Shadow Home Secretary, he successfully gained the 'scalp' of the then Immigration Minister Beverley Hughes, who was forced to resign in the wake of allegations that checks on Eastern European migrants had been waived, and for misleading the House of Commons. Davis was praised for his role in holding her to account at that time. He also revealed his personal support for capital punishment.[7]

More recently Davis has turned the Conservatives away from the Labour Party's plan to reintroduce identity cards[8] citing spiralling costs and libertarian issues. He turned initial Conservative support into one of concern and abstention, making the final change to one of opposition much easier. Davis believes that once the true cost and unreliability of the ID card scheme is explained to the general public, they will turn against it. Davis had maintained the Conservative's pledge to curb the moral degradation that he and other front benchers have declared part and parcel of "Blair's Britain".

He expressed support for the restoration of the death penalty as recently as November 2003. He is highly sceptical of the political expansion of the European Union, voted against the repeal of Section 28—a law banning promotion of homosexual relationships in schools—and voted against equalising the age of homosexual consent. However, he has consistently attracted support on a personal level from all sections of the party. Thus, when the gay Conservative MP Michael Brown was pictured on holiday with a 20-year-old man in 1994 (when the age of consent was still 21), Davis drove to Brown's home to offer his help.[citation needed]

At the 2005 General Election, he was targeted by the Liberal Democrats as part of their "decapitation plan", an attempt to undermine the Conservatives in Parliament by defeating their leading members. The targeting failed as Davis trebled his majority to over 5,000 votes (5,116, up from 1,903), his share of the votes increasing by 4.3%.

Davis stated, when asked how he sees the Conservative Friends Of Israel's role in promoting Conservatism and helping the Conservative Party win the next election, "CFI should continue to have a significant role in policy development both in foreign policy but also in domestic policies."[9]

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2005 leadership contest

Davis was initially the front runner in the 2005 Conservative leadership contest but after a poorly received speech at that year's Conservative Party Conference his campaign was seen to lose momentum.[10]

In the first ballot of Conservative MPs on 18 October 2005, Davis came top with 62 votes. As this was less than the number of his declared supporters, it became clear that the Davis bid was losing momentum. The elimination of former Chancellor Kenneth Clarke left the bookmakers' favourite, David Cameron, without a rival on the centre of the party. In the second ballot, held two days later on 20 October 2005, Cameron polled 90 votes, Davis 57 votes and Liam Fox was eliminated with 51 votes[11] so Davis went through to the next stage with David Cameron.

In spite of a strong performance in a BBC Question Time head-to-head debate in the final stage of the leadership contest, Davis could not match his rival's general popularity. Conservative party members voted to elect Cameron the new Conservative leader, Davis losing by a margin of 64,398 votes to 134,446 votes. Cameron chose to re-appoint his rival as Shadow Home Secretary following his victory.

Civil liberties

On 12 June 2008, Davis resigned from the Shadow Cabinet and announced his resignation as an MP, in order to force a by-election, and cause a wider debate on the single issue of erosion of civil liberties. He stood as the Conservative Party candidate for his current seat in the subsequent by-election.[12] The announcement came a day after the narrow passing of a parliamentary vote on the Counter-Terrorism Bill, which would extend the limit on the period of detention of terror suspects without charge in England and Wales, from 28 to 42 days.

He won re-election with 72% of the vote, breaking several voting records in the U.K. As is common at by-elections, voter turnout declined significantly from the previous general election to 34%.[13]

As a backbench MP, Davis has continued campaigning for civil liberties. He participated in the Convention on Modern Liberty, where he gave the keynote speech on the convention's final day.[14] He also spoke at the 2009 Guardian Hay Festival, where he criticised Labour's "illusory pursuit of an unobtainable security", and was well-received by an overwhelmingly non-Conservative audience.[15] On 15 June 2009 Mr Davis gave the 2009 Magna Carta Lecture at Royal Holloway, University of London, in association with the Magna Carta Trust.[16]

Torture

During a House of Commons debate on 7 July 2009, Davis accused the UK government of outsourcing torture, by allowing Rangzieb Ahmed to leave the country (even though they had evidence against him upon which he was later convicted for terrorism) to Pakistan, where it is said the Inter-Services Intelligence was given the go ahead by the British intelligence agencies to torture Ahmed. Davis further accused the government of trying to gag Ahmed, stopping him coming forward with his accusations, after he had been imprisoned back in the UK. He said, there was "an alleged request to drop his allegations of torture: if he did that, they could get his sentence cut and possibly give him some money. If this request to drop the torture case is true, it is frankly monstrous. It would at the very least be a criminal misuse of the powers and funds under the Government's Contest strategy, and at worst a conspiracy to pervert the course of justice."[17]

Climate change

Davis is a climate change sceptic stating in his own words "the planet appears to have been cooling, not warming, in the last decade."[18][19]

References

  1. ^ "Three Hundreds Of Chiltern". HM Treasury. http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/newsroom_and_speeches/press/2008/press_63_08.cfm. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  2. ^ a b "Desert Island Discs with David Davis". Desert Island Discs. BBC. Radio 4. 2008-11-16.
  3. ^ Norfolk, Andrew (7 October 2005). ""Davis' grandfather and the Jarrow crusade that wasn't"". London: The Times Online. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/politics/article575777.ece. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  4. ^ "What worked on the sugar beat...". Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/money/main.jhtml?xml=/money/2005/08/24/cntory24.xml. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  5. ^ David Davis, Conservative Party, http://www.conservatives.com/People/Members_of_Parliament/Davis_David.aspx, retrieved 2009-05-15  See also: Jenny Colgan (16 November 2005), 'He can be quite selfish and inconsiderate sometimes', The Guardian, http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2005/nov/16/toryleadership2005.interviews, retrieved 2008-06-21 
  6. ^ "Points of Order". UK Parliament. http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm199899/cmhansrd/vo990622/debtext/90622-06.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-07.  See also: "Parliamentary Control of the Executive Bill". UK Parliament. http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm199899/cmbills/123/1999123.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  7. ^ "Bring back death penalty says Tory spokesman". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/bring-back-death-penalty-says-tory-spokesman-735954.html. 
  8. ^ Agar, Jon (November 2005). "Identity cards in Britain: past experience and policy implications". History and Policy. http://www.historyandpolicy.org/papers/policy-paper-33.html. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  9. ^ Davis, David. "Conservative Friends of Israel Questionnaire—Answers from David Davis" (PDF). David Davis - Conservative Party. http://conservativehome.blogs.com/toryleadership/files/dd_answers_to_cfi_questions.pdf. Retrieved 2010-02-01. 
  10. ^ Tempest, Matthew (5 October 2005). "Odds lengthen on Davis for Tory leader". The Guardian. http://politics.guardian.co.uk/toryleader/story/0,16473,1585568,00.html. Retrieved 2008-07-07.  See also: "Davis tells Tories to 'walk tall'". BBC News Online. 5 October 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/4310556.stm. Retrieved 2 January 2010.  and Assinder, Nick (5 October 2005). "Did Davis do enough?". BBC News Online. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/4312168.stm. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  11. ^ "Cameron and Davis top Tory poll". BBC News (BBC). 2005-10-20. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/4360662.stm. Retrieved 2008-06-13. 
  12. ^ "Haltemprice & Howden". The Conservative Party. http://www.conservatives.com/tile.do?def=people.constituency.page&obj_id=1847. Retrieved 2008-07-07.  See also: "David Davis resigns from Commons". BBC. 13 June 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/7450627.stm. Retrieved 2008-06-12.  and "David Davis to resign from shadow cabinet and as MP". Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/politics/conservative/2116367/David-Davis-to-resign-as-shadow-home-secretary.html. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  13. ^ "Haltemprice and Howden: Result in full". BBC News (British Broadcasting Corporation). 2008-07-11. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7501046.stm. Retrieved 2008-07-11. 
  14. ^ Government "Using fear as a weapon to erode civil liberties". The Guardian. 28 February 2009. http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2009/feb/28/civil-liberties-government-law-courts Government. 
  15. ^ Davis, David (24 May 2009). "Does the left still care about liberty?". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/libertycentral/audio/2009/may/25/hay-festival-liberty-left. 
  16. ^ "The Magna Carta Lecture Series at Royal Holloway". Royal Holloway, University of London. 2009-11-18. http://www.rhul.ac.uk/about/magna-carta/lectures.html#2009. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  17. ^ Parliamentary Debates, House of Commons, 7 July 2009, column 940
  18. ^ Davis, David (2009-12-02). "'David Davis: Why this ferocious desire to impose hair-shirt policies?'". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/opinion/commentators/david-davis-why-this-ferocious-desire-to-impose-hairshirt-policies-1832213.html. Retrieved 2009-12-09. 
  19. ^ "There IS a problem with global warming... it stopped in 1998". The Telegraph. 9 April 2006. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/comment/personal-view/3624242/There-IS-a-problem-with-global-warming...-it-stopped-in-1998.html. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Paul Bryan
Member of Parliament for Boothferry
19871997
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Haltemprice and Howden
1997 – 18 June 2008
Succeeded by
Himself
Preceded by
Himself
Member of Parliament for Haltemprice and Howden
11 July 2008 – present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
David Heathcoat-Amory
Minister of State for Europe
1994–1997
Succeeded by
Doug Henderson
New office Shadow Secretary of State for the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister
2002–2003
Succeeded by
David Curry
Preceded by
Oliver Letwin
Shadow Home Secretary
2003–2008
Succeeded by
Dominic Grieve
Party political offices
Preceded by
Michael Ancram
Chairman of the Conservative Party
2001–2002
Succeeded by
Theresa May

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