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David Hill

Executive Committee of the Provisional Government of Oregon
In office
1843 – 1844
Preceded by position created
Succeeded by Second Executive Committee
Constituency Oregon Country

In office
1844 – 1849
Preceded by position created
Succeeded by position dissolved
Constituency Tuality District

Oregon Territory House of Representatives
In office
1849 – 1850
Preceded by position created
Succeeded by Ralph Wilcox
Constituency Washington County

Born 1809
Connecticut, United States
Died May 9, 1850
Hillsboro, Oregon
Spouse(s) Lucinda McWilliams Wilson Hill Simmons
Residence Hillsboro, Oregon
Occupation farmer, legislator

David Hill (1809 – May 9, 1850), was an American pioneer and settler of what became Hillsboro, Oregon, United States. He served in the Provisional Government of Oregon in both the executive and legislative branches, and later as a legislator in the first Oregon Territorial Legislature. Hill made a transaction with the county court in 1850 that led to the renaming of Columbus to Hillsborough in honor of Hill.


Early life

David Hill’s birthplace is listed as Connecticut, but there is no record. Some accounts have him living in Virginia,[1] others in Ohio. One account describes that Hill abandoned a wife and children in Ohio before traveling west.[2] Another account says he had two children by his first wife.[3]


Mr. Hill traveled on the Oregon Trail by wagon train to the Oregon Country.[4] He arrived with Isaiah Kesley, Ralph Wilcox, Richard Williams, and Michael Moore.[5] Once in Oregon he settled a land claim for 640 acres (2.6 km2) in Twality (sic) County, what is now Washington County, Oregon.[6] The claim is in what is now Hillsboro with the recorded date of the claim is July 4, 1847.[6] According to the claim record Hill started the claim in June 1842.[6] With Kesley (Kelsey) and Williams recorded as arriving in Oregon in 1841, it is likely Hill arrived then as well.[7] Hill likely arrived in October 1841 and then wintered with Joseph L. Meek, who he would later serve with in the legislature.[8] David Hill married Lucinda Wilson in 1846 at the Old Scotch Church.[9] On his land claim and built a cabin that was used for a time as the county courthouse.[3] Also in February 1850 Hill was appointed guardian of five children of the Dunlap clan.[10]


Hill started in politics in Oregon in 1843 when he was selected as a member of the first legislative committee that drafted the proposal for a Provisional Government in the Oregon Country, including time as its chairperson.[11] Then he attended the Champoeg Meeting of May 2, 1843, where he voted for the creation of the Provisional Government.[11] With the creation of this new government Hill then served as one of three members of the First Executive Committee that acted in place of a single governor. [12] Joseph Gale and Alanson Beers were the other two members of this executive committee that served until 1844. After serving in that position David Hill was elected to the provisional legislature, and later in 1849 as a member of the territorial legislature after Oregon became a territory in 1848.[13] David Hill disliked and opposed the Hudson's Bay Company and its representatives in his official capacity.[2] He also was an opponent of the missionaries.[8]

Elected Positions in Oregon:

Year Government Position
1843 Pre-Provisional Legislative Committee
1843 Provisional First Executive Committee
1844 Provisional Legislature
1845 Provisional Legislature
1847 Provisional Legislature
1849 Territorial Legislature-House


In 1850, Hill sold part of his land to the county for the site of the first Washington County Courthouse.[14] This quarter section of his land claim was to be sold off as a townsite. $200 of the proceeds of the sale of the land was to be paid to Hill, with the rest being kept by the county.[15] The townsite was to be named Hillsborough per the court's order on February 2, 1850, several months before Hill died in May.[15] As Hill died before collecting the proceeds, his widow was paid by the probate court.[16]

Mrs. Hill

David Hill's wife in Oregon was his second wife.[3] Lucinda Hill, however had a total of four husbands. Two before Hill and Wheelock Simmons after, with Simmons the only one to outlive Lucinda.[3] Born on July 2, 1810, Mrs. Hill first married John McWilliams in 1828.[17] After him, she married William Wilson who then died on their journey to Oregon in The Dalles.[17] Lucinda was then the step-mother to William Lewis Wilson, the son of her second husband. Then after David Hill’s death, she married Simmons before dying herself on November 4, 1879.[17]

Death and legacy

There are no known pictures or portraits of Hill. He was six feet one inch tall with black hair. Slim, with a sallow complexion.[3] On May 9, 1850, David Hill died of unknown causes. At the time he was still a member of the legislature and they issued a death resolution that resolved that both houses would be in recess for one day in his honor.[18] Hill died without a will and his wife was appointed as administratrix of his estate with Robert and Michael Moore, and Ralph Wilcox as appraisers.[16]

David Hill Elementary school in Hillsboro, which was originally established in 1888, was named in his honor,[19] but the school closed in 2008.[20] Hill is buried at the Hillsboro Pioneer Cemetery on TV Highway near Dairy Creek.[21][22] The cemetery is located on his former land claim,[23] and is near the first recording of a bridge built in Oregon, crossing Dairy Creek.[24] David Hill Winery in Forest Grove is located on a hill named David Hill and the winery is named partly in his honor,[25] though the hill is named for William David who owned a vineyard in the area.[26] Hill's name is one of 158 memorialized in the frieze of the two chambers of the Oregon Legislative Assembly at the Oregon State Capitol, with his located in the House of Representatives chamber.[27]

David Hill Gravemarker


"David Hill
Came to Oregon Country 1842.
Voted for provisional government
at Champoeg May 2, 1843.
Chairman executive committee which
virtually made him first governor of
Oregon Country.
Founder of Hillsboro"


  1. ^ Lepschat, May Ringle (1975). David Hill, founder of Hillsboro, Oregon.  
  2. ^ a b Gray, W.H. (1870). A History of Oregon, 1792-1849: drawn from personal observation and authentic information. H.H. Bancroft & Co..  
  3. ^ a b c d e Tozier, Albert (1936). Letter to Harriet C. Long. Oregon State Library. 920 T66.  
  4. ^ "Pioneer History: In Washington County". Churches of Christ & Christian Churches in the Pacific Northwest. Retrieved 2006-11-03.  
  5. ^ "Final Edition: Hillsboro’s Old Leaders". Oregon Journal: pp. 1. 02-12-1957.  
  6. ^ a b c "Land Claim Record: David Hill". Land Claim Records, 1845-1849 (Oregon Provisional Government) 4: 174. 2-11-1847.  
  7. ^ Flora, Stephenie. Emigrants to Oregon in 1841. Retrieved February 7, 2008.
  8. ^ a b Tobie, Harvey Elmer. No Man Like Joe: The Life and Times of Joseph L. Meek. Binfords & Mort. 1949. p. 100.
  9. ^ Hastings, Terry; Joe Montalbano (1980). Hillsboro: My Home Town. Hillsboro Elementary School District 7.  
  10. ^ "Probate Court Records". Washington County Probate Records (Washington County Probate Court). 2-06-1850.  
  11. ^ a b Hussey, John A. (1967). Champoeg: Place of Transition, A Disputed History. Oregon Historical Society.  
  12. ^ Clarke, S.A. (1905). Pioneer Days of Oregon History. J.K. Gill Company.  
  13. ^ Oregon Legislative Assembly (1st Territorial) 1849 Regular Session. Oregon State Archives. Retrieved February 7, 2008.
  14. ^ "The Washington County Courthouse: A Brief History". History of the Courthouse. Washington County Circuit Court. Retrieved 2006-10-29.  
  15. ^ a b Washington County Probate Court Records (Washington County Probate Court) 4: 10. 02-05-1850.  
  16. ^ a b Washington County Probate Court Records (Washington County Probate Court) Film 24 (Reel 15): 44.  
  17. ^ a b c Genealogical Material in Oregon Donation Land Claims: Supplement to Volume I. Lottie L. Gurley. Genealogical Forum of Portland
  18. ^ Oregon Provisional & Territorial Records (Oregon Provisional Government): 3608. 05-10-1850.  
  19. ^ "David Hill Elementary School". School History. Hillsboro School District. Retrieved 2007-07-31.  
  20. ^ Trappen, Michelle (June 12, 2008). "Metro West Neighbors: David Hill students saying farewell forever". The Oregonian.  
  21. ^ "Hillsboro Pioneer Cemetery". Cemetery Transcription Library. Retrieved 2006-11-03.  
  22. ^ Writers' Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of Oregon (1940). Oregon: End of the Trail. American Guide Series. Portland, Oregon: Binfords & Mort. p. 481. OCLC 4874569.  
  23. ^ Byrd, Dean H., Stanley R. Clarke, and Janice M. Healy. 2001. Oregon Burial Site Guide. Portland, Or: Binford & Mort Pub.
  24. ^ Corning, Howard M. Dictionary of Oregon History. Binfords & Mort Publishing, 1956.
  25. ^ History. David Hill Winery. Retrieved on February 7, 2008.
  26. ^ Gaston, Joseph (1912). The Centennial History of Oregon, 1811-1912. 3. S.J. Clarke Publishing Company. pp. 503.  
  27. ^ Cogswell, Philip Jr. (1977). Capitol Names: Individuals Woven Into Oregon's History. Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society.
Preceded by
None (Government established)
Executive Committee of the Provisional Government of Oregon
with Alanson Beers
Joseph Gale
Replaced by Second Executive Committee
with Osborne Russell
Peter G. Stewart
William J. Bailey


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