David Paterson: Wikis


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David A. Paterson

Paterson at the 2008 Tribeca Film Festival

Assumed office 
March 17, 2008
Lieutenant Joseph Bruno (Acting)
Dean Skelos (Acting)
Malcolm Smith (Acting)
Pedro Espada Jr. (Acting)
Richard Ravitch
Preceded by Eliot Spitzer

In office
January 1, 2007 – March 17, 2008
Governor Eliot Spitzer
Preceded by Mary Donohue
Succeeded by Richard Ravitch

New York State Senate
Minority Leader
In office
January 1, 2003 – January 1, 2007
Preceded by Martin Connor
Succeeded by Malcolm Smith

New York State Senator
from the 30th district
29th district (1986-2002)
In office
Preceded by Leon Bogues
Succeeded by Bill Perkins

Born May 20, 1954 (1954-05-20) (age 55)
New York City
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Michelle Paige Paterson
Children 2
Residence New York State Executive Mansion, Albany, New York
Harlem, New York
Guilderland, New York[1]
Alma mater Hofstra University School of Law (J.D.)
Columbia University (B.A.)
Profession Criminal Investigator, Nonprofit Program Manager
Religion Roman Catholic

David Alexander Paterson (born May 20, 1954) is the 55th and current Governor of New York. He is the first governor of New York of African American heritage and also the second legally blind[2] governor of any U.S. state after Bob C. Riley, who was Acting Governor of Arkansas for eleven days in January 1975.[3]

After graduating from Hofstra Law School, Paterson worked in the District Attorney's office of Queens County, New York, and on the staff of Manhattan Borough President David Dinkins. In 1985, he was elected to the New York State Senate to a seat that was once held by his father, former New York Secretary of State Basil Paterson. In 2003, he rose to the position of Senate Minority Leader. Paterson was selected as running mate by then-New York Attorney General and Democratic Party nominee Eliot Spitzer in the 2006 New York gubernatorial election.[4] Spitzer and Paterson were elected in November 2006 with 69 percent of the vote, and Paterson took office as Lieutenant Governor on January 1, 2007.[5]

When Spitzer resigned in the wake of a prostitution scandal, Paterson was sworn in as governor of New York on March 17, 2008.[6] Paterson initially intended to run for a full term in the 2010 gubernatorial election, but announced on February 26, 2010, that he would not be a candidate in the Democratic primary.[7]


Early life and background

David Paterson was born in Brooklyn to Portia Paterson, a homemaker, and labor law attorney Basil Paterson. Basil Paterson was later a New York state senator and secretary of state, and served as deputy mayor of New York City.[8] According to a New York Now interview, Paterson traces his roots on his mother's side of the family to pre-Civil War African American slaves in the states of North Carolina and South Carolina.[9] His father is half Afro-Jamaican. His paternal grandmother, Evangeline Rondon Paterson (1900–1985)[10] was secretary to Black Nationalist leader Marcus Garvey. His paternal grandfather was Leonard James Paterson (1894–1968),[11] a native of St. George's, Grenada[12] who arrived in the United States aboard the S.S. Vestris on May 16, 1917.[13] Paterson has recently undergone genetic genealogy testing. His father's side consists of ancestors from England, Ireland, and Scotland, while his mother's side includes eastern European Jewish ancestry as well as the Guinea-Bissau region of West Africa.[14]

At the age of three months, Paterson contracted an ear infection which spread to his optic nerve, leaving him with no sight in his left eye and severely limited vision in his right.[8][15] Since New York City public schools would not guarantee him an education without placing him in special education classes, his family bought a home in the Long Island suburb of South Hempstead so that he could attend mainstream classes there. Paterson was the first disabled student in the Hempstead public schools, and graduated from Hempstead High School in 1971.[16][17][18][19]

Paterson received a BA in history from Columbia University in 1977 and a law degree from Hofstra Law School in 1983.[16] After law school, he went to work for the Queens District Attorney's Office, but did not pass the New York bar examination, and did not become an Attorney at law. He attributed his failing the New York bar to insufficient accommodation for his visual impairment, and has since advocated for changes in bar exam procedures.[18]

Paterson's staff reads documents to him over voice mail. Paterson is the first governor of New York to be partly blind.[20]

Political career

In 1985, Paterson resigned from the Queens District Attorney's office so he could join the campaign of then city clerk David Dinkins to win the Democratic nomination for Manhattan Borough President. That summer, on August 6, state senator Leon Bogues died, and Paterson sought and obtained the Democratic party nomination for the seat. In mid-September, a meeting of 648 Democratic committee members on the first ballot gave Paterson 58% of the vote, giving him the party nomination. That October, Paterson won the virtually uncontested special State Senate election.[21][22] At the time, the 29th Senate district covered the Manhattan neighborhoods of Harlem, Manhattan Valley and the Upper West Side, the same district that Paterson's father had represented.[16] Upon his election, Paterson became the youngest State Senator in Albany. He won the seat again in 1986 for a full term representing the 29th District in the New York State Senate, and served as senator until assuming the office of Lieutenant Governor on January 1, 2007.[23][24]

Paterson briefly ran in the Democratic primary for the office of New York City Public Advocate in 1993, but was defeated by Mark J. Green.[25]

Senate minority leader

Paterson was elected by the Democratic caucus of the Senate as Minority Leader on November 20, 2002, becoming both the first non-white state legislative leader and the highest-ranking black elected official in the history of New York State, unseating the incumbent Minority Leader, Martin Connor. Paterson became known for his consensus-building style coupled with sharp political skills.[26]

In 2006, Paterson sponsored a controversial bill to limit the use of deadly force by the police, but later changed that position. He also supported non-citizen voting in New York local elections. According to the New York Post, he "chalked up a heavily liberal record. "[27] Describing Paterson's tenure in the senate, The New York Times cited his "wit, flurries of reform proposals and unusual bursts of candor."[28]

Lieutenant Governor of New York

Paterson was selected by New York Attorney General Eliot Spitzer as his running mate for the Governor's office in 2006. The news stunned the New York political world, as the Democratic minority was poised to possibly take over the state legislature. Paterson would trade a possible powerful Senate Majority Leader position for the largely ceremonial Lieutenant Governor post.[29] During their 2006 campaign, Paterson resolved a dispute with Spitzer over turf wars between staff members.[30] The Spitzer-Paterson ticket won a landslide victory in the election, with 69% of the vote. It was the largest margin of victory in a gubernatorial race in New York history, and the second-largest for any statewide race in New York history.[31]

In late December 2006, shortly before being sworn in as lieutenant governor, Paterson said that if he ever succeeded Spitzer as governor, he and Nelson A. Rockefeller would have something besides the governorship in common: great difficulty in reading. Rockefeller was dyslexic, which Paterson compared to his blindness.[32] During his time as Lieutenant Governor, Paterson also served as an adjunct professor at Columbia University's School for International and Public Affairs.[33]

As Lieutenant Governor, Paterson was involved in a range of issues, including:

Stem cell research
Paterson is a proponent of embryonic stem cell research. He led Spitzer's successful 2007 legislative effort to approve a bond issue which will provide at least $1 billion toward stem cell research. Spitzer and Paterson touted the measure partly for its economic development benefits, following California's $3 billion effort, which in turn had been prompted by the U.S. federal government halting funding for such research.[34] The New York state legislature had opposed funding the research, and it remains controversial.[35][36]
Voting rights
In September 2007, Paterson weighed in on a proposal before the New York City Council to extend voting rights to noncitizens.[37] He told a crowd gathered at the West Indian American Day Carnival Parade that he believed noncitizens should be granted voting rights.[27][38] He stressed he was asking for a change in policy, rather than a new law, citing that although 22 states and territories between 1776 and 1920 allowed the practice, none do now.[39] Governor Spitzer issued a statement that he did not agree with Paterson's position, and claimed he was unaware Paterson would be speaking on the matter.[40] Paterson had tried to introduce legislation granting voting rights to noncitizens as a State Senator fifteen years earlier.[37][41]
Lawsuit over bias allegation
In February 2008, a U.S. District Judge denied a motion to dismiss a racial discrimination lawsuit naming Paterson.[42][43] A former staff photographer, a Caucasian male, claimed that he was the victim of discrimination in 2005 when Paterson's office replaced him with a black photographer. According to the New York Post, Paterson's chief of staff "denied the claim... Paterson, in his deposition, countered that the decision... was simple politics - [the photographer] was a holdover from former Minority Leader Marty Connor, who was ousted by Paterson in 2003."[44]

Governor of New York

The Paterson Executive Chamber
Governor David Paterson 2008 – 
Lieutenant Governor Richard Ravitch 2009 – 
Secretary to the Governor William J. Cunningham III (Acting as) 2008 – 
General Counsel Terryl Brown-Clemens 2008 – 
Communications Director Risa Heller 2008 – 
Director of State Operations Dennis Whalen 2008 – 
Chief of Staff Jon Cohen 2008 – 
Office of the Attorney General Andrew Cuomo 2008 – 
Office of the Inspector General Joseph Fisch  – 
Office of the Comptroller Thomas DiNapoli 2008 – 
Department of Agriculture and Markets Patrick Hooker 2008 – 
Department of Banking Richard H. Neiman 2008 – 
Department of Civil Service Nancy G. Groenwegen 2008 – 
Department of Correctional Services Brian Fischer 2008 – 
Department of Environmental Conservation Alexander Pete Grannis 2008 – 
Department of Education Richard P. Mills 2008 – 
Department of Health Richard F. Daines 2008 – 
Department of Insurance Eric R. Dinallo 2008 – 
Department of Labor M. Patricia Smith 2008 – 
Department of Motor Vehicles David Swarts 2008 – 
Department of Military & Naval Affairs Maj. Gen. Joseph J. Taluto 2008 – 
Department of Public Service Gary A. Brown 2008 – 
Secretary of State Lorraine Cortés-Vázquez 2008 – 
Department of Taxation & Finance Robert L. Megna 2008 – 
Department of Transportation Astrid C. Glynn 2008 – 2009

Following Spitzer's resignation, Paterson was sworn in as the 55th Governor of New York, at the New York State Capitol on March 17, 2008, by New York Chief Judge Judith Kaye.

Let me reintroduce myself. I am David Paterson and I am the Governor of New York State.

—David Paterson, Inauguration speech on March 17, 2008.[45]

His swearing-in ceremony was attended by all members of the New York State Senate and New York State Assembly, New Jersey Governor Jon Corzine, Connecticut Governor M. Jodi Rell, Massachusetts Governor Deval Patrick, New York Senators Hillary Clinton and Chuck Schumer, former New York Governors George Pataki and Hugh Carey, New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, former New York City Mayors David Dinkins and Ed Koch, Buffalo Mayor Byron Brown, the entire New York Congressional delegation (both Democrats and Republicans), and Newark Mayor Cory Booker, among others.[46] Former Governor Spitzer was not present.[2]

With his swearing-in, Paterson became the first Lieutenant Governor elevated to the governorship in New York due to a vacancy since 1973, when Lieutenant Governor Malcolm Wilson became Governor when Nelson Rockefeller, who later served as Vice-President of the United States in the administration of President Gerald R. Ford, resigned.[47][48]

Paterson speaks during the second day of the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado.

Paterson is the first black Governor of New York and the fourth in any U.S. state (following Reconstruction-era Louisiana Gov. P. B. S. Pinchback, former Virginia Gov. Douglas Wilder, and current Massachusetts Gov. Deval Patrick). The Lieutenant Governor's office remained vacant until September 22, 2009, when the New York Court of Appeals, ruled in a 4-3 decision that Paterson's appointment of Richard Ravitch was constitutional.[49] Prior to this appointment, under the state's constitution, the president pro tempore of the state senate, Malcolm Smith, would have been next in the line of succession for the Governor's office.[50]

Paterson has used Global Strategy Group consultants for political advice as governor. His relationship with the firm began earlier. When he was lieutenant governor, GSG executives advised him on how to make the job more prominent, and the firm again advised him during the transition and afterward. Soon after becoming governor, Paterson hired former Risa B. Heller from GSG as his director of communications. As of September 2008, Paterson and the state Democratic Party were each paying GSG a retainer of $15,000 a month in addition to costs associated with polling and political advertising.[51]

On July 17, 2008, Paterson was the keynote speaker addressing the 99th annual convention of the NAACP in Cincinnati, Ohio.[52] Other speakers included Congressman Charles Rangel and U.S. Presidential candidate John McCain.

Although Paterson is a lifelong Democrat who was considered a liberal during his time in the State Senate, he earned praise from conservatives during his time as Governor for his efforts to combat the 2008 New York fiscal crisis by major reductions in spending and the enaction of an inflation-indexed property tax cap, a school tax "circuit breaker," and unfunded mandate relief, as well as his appointment of Blue Dog Democrat Kirsten Gillibrand to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy created by Hillary Clinton's appointment as United States Secretary of State.[53][54][55]

First day as Governor

Paterson ascended to the governor's office during the busiest legislative period of the year. The state is required by law to pass its budget prior to April 1.[56] He had only two weeks to negotiate with lawmakers a proposal to close a $4.7 billion deficit and pass a $124 billion budget from the Spitzer administration.[57] He stated in his inauguration speech that it would be his top priority.[58]

Paterson also made reference in his speech to the economic woes being faced in the United States, calling them a "crisis", and promised to "adjust the budget accordingly."[59] Since 1984, New York State has only passed a budget on time once, in 2005, leading Paterson to call for an "end to the dysfunction in Albany" in his speech, echoing a 56-page study from the nonpartisan New York University School of Law's Brennan Center for Justice, which referred to the legislature as "the least deliberative and most dysfunctional in the nation".[60][61][62]

Paterson quickly signed five pieces of legislation on his first day in office: to add the New York State Department of Labor to the New York City Transit Track Safety Task Force; to eliminate a law that discouraged employers from holding blood drives; to change the way in which members are appointed to a state health and research board; to restore eligibility caps to certain senior employment programs; and to grant tax exemptions to several local development corporations in New York State.[63]

He went on to ask for letters of resignation from all of his top staff members and state-agency commissioners. This typical action does not mean the hold overs from the Spitzer administration will be replaced, and Paterson said that "having the letters gives him the flexibility to make changes if he decides to".[64]

Personal revelations

One day after Paterson's inauguration as the Governor of New York, both he and his wife acknowledged having had extramarital affairs, one with a state employee.[65] Paterson's self-admissions are in contravention to what the press has dubbed the "Bear Mountain Compact,"[66] a practice by lawmakers that their transgressions north of the Bear Mountain Bridge will not be reported south of it.[67][68][69]

Same-sex marriage

In May 2008, Governor Paterson informed New York State agencies that they were required to recognize same-sex marriage licenses from other jurisdictions for purposes of employee benefits.[70] The governor's directive was purportedly based upon a decision from New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division's Fourth Department.[70] The governor's directive did not receive widespread public attention until weeks after the directive was given.[71] At that time, the governor's decision provoked public reaction on both sides of the issue. While Governor Paterson's directive received widespread approbation from same-sex marriage supporters,[72] it was met with criticism from conservative legislators and from same-sex marriage opponents, one of whom referred to the directive as Governor Paterson's "first major blunder."[73][74][75] Then-Senate Majority Leader Joseph Bruno and others accused Governor Paterson of having overstepped his bounds and usurped the authority of the Legislature.[73] Governor Paterson reportedly described same-sex marriage as "beautiful," and contended that his decision was "the right thing to do"; the governor was enthusiastically cheered when he attended the 2008 gay pride parade in Manhattan.[76][77][78]

On June 3, 2008, a lawsuit was filed by the Alliance Defense Fund challenging the governor's directive.[79][80][81] On September 2, 2008, Justice Lucy A. Billings, of the State Supreme Court in the Bronx, NY, issued a decision that Governor Paterson acted within his powers when he required state agencies to recognize same-sex marriages from outside New York State. In her dismissal of the Alliance Defense Fund suit, Justice Billings found that the governor's order was consistent with state laws on the recognition of marriages from outside the state.[82] The decision has been appealed.[83]

In April 2009, it was revealed that Paterson would propose legislation to legalize same-sex marriage in New York.[84] Paterson later tapped former Senate Majority Leader and former political foe Joseph Bruno to support same-sex marriage in Albany.[85][86]

New York fiscal crisis

In July 2008, Paterson warned state lawmakers and citizens of New York that the state faces its worst fiscal crisis since the 1970s.[87] On Tuesday, July 29, Governor Paterson gave a rare televised address that was broadcast on all of New York's major news networks, stating that the state budget deficit had gone up 1.4 billion dollars over the 90 days since his original budget submission, citing rising costs due to the poor economy and a struggling Wall Street, and calling the State Legislature back to Albany for an emergency session starting on August 19, 2008.[88][89][90] He also warned that the budget deficit is estimated to grow 22 percent by 2011, and called for the special legislative session on August 19 to deal with the crisis.[91] With AIG on the verge of collapse on September 16, 2008, and in the aftermath of Lehman Brothers filing for bankruptcy, Paterson publicly lobbied for a government bailout of the insurance giant.[92] He hit the cable networks early[93] and was quoted by media around the world.[94][95][96] The previous day, Paterson had loosened regulations to allow AIG to draw reserves from its subsidiaries.

In March 2009, Paterson announced at a town hall meeting in Niagara Falls that in light of the fiscal crisis, he would take a 10% pay cut.[97] On January 2, 2009, Paterson joined the governors of four other states in urging the federal government to provide $1 trillion in aid to the country's 50 state governments to help pay for education, welfare and infrastructure as states struggle with steep budget deficits amid a deepening recession.[98]

2008-09 executive budget

Governor Paterson revised Governor Spitzer's record-size executive budget proposal to cut spending. Budget negotiations carried over past the deadline, causing the new Governor to lament that too many lawmakers were "unwilling to make serious cuts to our budget."[99] On April 10, the $121.7 billion budget package was passed by both houses of the State Legislature. His budget closed a projected $4.6 billion deficit with $1.8 billion of spending cuts, $1.5 billion in additional revenue from increased taxes and fees and $1.3 billion of one time transfers, and did not tap into the state's $1.2 billion of reserves or increase the top income tax rate on those earning $1 million or more.[99]

Paterson's budget provided property tax relief by delivering aid to municipalities, and included restoration of hundreds of millions in property tax rebates for middle-class homeowners and $1 billion for upstate economic development.[100] The spending included a record $1.8 billion aid increase to local school districts, and $2.5 billion in aid for construction projects at state and city public colleges.[99] Governor Paterson decided to fully fund a landmark proposal authored by State Assemblyman Greg Ball, creating a tuition remission program for military veterans, offering them free tuition at both SUNY and CUNY institutions.[101][102][103]

Although the legislature was unable to come to a decision on a separate bill to enact congestion pricing in New York City, Mayor Michael Bloomberg called the budget "good news for our city."[99] Even though the budget enacted was the first in a decade that included less spending than the proposal, Paterson promised to slash next year's state budget by 5 to 10 percent, because the spending plan he inherited was "too big and too bloated."[104] The accidental nature of Paterson's ascension may have hampered his involvement in this year's process to some degree, but he told the New York Times that "I think we passed a sound budget, but I don’t think that we left ourselves enough room."[105]

In April 2008, Governor Paterson asked the heads of all state agencies to cut their budgets by 3.35% and threatened a hiring freeze; the governor also asked legislative leaders to follow suit.[106][107] In August 2008, he called a special emergency session of the legislature and enacted 6% across-the-board cuts in all state agencies. He called another special session in November 2008 to trim an additional 3%, but this effort was met without success.

2009-10 executive budget

In 2009, New York faced a budget deficit of $15 billion, and state debt approached $55 billion.[108] During his state of the state address, Governor Paterson outlined many issues critical to closing the budget caps, and restoring New York's economic strength and quality of life.[109] He recommended adapting the Suozzi commission recommendations on a property tax cap and circuit breaker, and even joked that he should switch parties as the proposal has remained more popular amongst Republicans than his own party.[110]

To address the State's budget gap, the Governor recommended a Deficit Reduction Assessment for the 2009-10 School Year, which will result in a decrease of $1.1 billion in total State School Aid.[111] He also outlined several new taxes and fees he supported.

These taxes include:

  • An "Obesity tax", which would add an extra tax of over 18% on all non diet soft drinks such as regular soda, and energy drinks[112]
  • New 4% Taxes on digital music downloads, videos and pictures downloaded or the "itax"[113]
  • A tax increase on malt-flavored beverages, beer, and wine[114]
  • A 4% tax on taxi rides, car rentals and limousine services[115]
  • A tax on movie tickets[112]
  • A new 4% 'personal services tax' on haircuts, beauty salons, health club services, and weight loss programs[116]
  • A 4% tax placed on cable and satellite TV, pay per view movies[117]
  • Additional fees for fishing, and camping[118]
  • New fees on items ranging from boilers, to explosives, to jewelry, to sporting events[119]
  • A 4 percent sales tax on clothing and shoes under $500, except for two weeks out of the year[120]
  • Additional fees on automobile purchases, registration and driving fees.[112]
  • The Ravitch Commission recommendations, which include tolls on the city-owned East River and Harlem River bridges (which has never been done before), and levy an annual driver's tax based on vehicle weight[121]

The budget also recommends dramatic across-the-board cuts to various state agencies, which he called "deep and painful" in his address.[122] Other major budget initiatives included eliminating the STAR property tax rebate program (1.4 billion), suspending increases in aid and incentives for municipalities, Empire Zone reforms, and pension reforms.[109]

He also moved to close the 81 year old Reynolds Game Farm in Tompkins County, the State's only remaining pheasant facility. This decision drew criticism from sportsmen's groups, as the farm is funded through licensing fees paid by hunters, and not taxpayer dollars.[123] In addition, Paterson's recommendation to close the farm would only result in the employees being reassigned. Some have questioned whether the $750,000 in savings from closing the facility would outweigh the estimated $700 million generated for the upstate economy if hunters simply take their business to other states.[124] Various sportsmen's groups were able to obtain a court ordered injunction in January 2009 to temporarily halt the measure.[125] The next day, Paterson reversed his decision and decided to keep the game farm operating, acknowledging that it does generate significant revenues for the state.[126]

Capital punishment

According to state Senator Liz Krueger, Paterson has always been against capital punishment.[127] In July 2008, he ordered the removal of the state's equipment to perform lethal injection, previously housed in Dutchess County's Green Haven Correctional Facility. In spring 2008 the state Senate passed a bill that would make murderers of policemen eligible for execution; though it is doubtful the state Assembly would pass a similar bill,[citation needed] it is certain that Paterson would not sign it.[citation needed]

Senate appointment

After being nominated for the position on December 1, 2008, New York Senator Hillary Clinton was confirmed as United States Secretary of State by the United States Senate. Clinton resigned her Senate seat on January 21, 2009, in order to assume the Cabinet post.[128] By mandate of the New York Constitution, Paterson was tasked with appointing a temporary replacement until a special election in 2010 for the conclusion of the term of her Class 1 seat. Paterson's aides had intimated that his desire was to appoint a candidate who is from upstate, since every other statewide official in New York save Clinton herself was from New York City.[129] Paterson named several advisers on the matter prior to his appointment, including Chuck Schumer, Charles B. Rangel, Nita Lowey, Gregory W. Meeks, and two staffers.[130]

Some thought that Paterson might appoint a prominent minority member such as Meeks, H. Carl McCall, William C. Thompson, Jr., Byron Brown, José E. Serrano or Nydia M. Velázquez..[131] Among the prominent women mentioned were former 2000 senatorial contender Lowey, NY-14 Representative Carolyn B. Maloney, former Clinton aide Leecia Eve, United Federation of Teachers president Randi Weingarten, NY-20 Representative Kirsten Gillibrand, and political heiress Caroline Kennedy.[132][133][134] Actress Fran Drescher also expressed interest in becoming the New York Senator.[135] On December 1, 2008, when President-elect Barack Obama announced his nomination of Clinton as Secretary of State, Lowey declared she was not a candidate.[136] While New York Attorney General and former United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Andrew Cuomo refused to publicly declare his interest in the seat, he attracted a plurality of support from polled New Yorkers to take the seat[137] and was cited by some analysts as a savvy choice for Paterson to head off the possibility of a strong primary challenge by Cuomo in the 2010 gubernatorial election.[138][139] Paterson acknowledged on January 20, 2009, that Cuomo was indeed under consideration for the appointment.[140] NY-2 Representative Steve Israel also expressed his interest in taking the seat.[141]

It was reported on December 5, 2008 that Governor Paterson had spoken with Caroline Kennedy regarding her interest in filling the seat of Secretary of State-designate Hillary Clinton,[142] but in a confusing turn of events, Kennedy abruptly withdrew her name from consideration on January 21, 2009.[143] Up until her withdrawal, for which no official explanation was given,[144] the high-profile, well-connected daughter of former President John F. Kennedy was widely considered the front-runner for the nomination.[145][146][147] However, some reports that came after Kennedy removed herself from consideration claimed that Paterson "never intended" to pick Kennedy, having come to consider her "unready" for the seat after a series of media misfires[148][149] attracted criticism of the political debutante.[150] Some sources and analysts doubted the reports' veracity, calling the Paterson camp's denials of intention to pick Kennedy "misdirection".[151] Joseph Mercurio remarked that Paterson's caginess had backfired, noting, "Now no matter who he picks, it's always going to be the choice after what happened to Kennedy."[152]

On January 23, 2009, Governor Paterson chose Kirsten Gillibrand, an upstate congresswoman known as a centrist Blue Dog Democrat, to fill Clinton's vacated seat.[153] The reaction from the Kennedy family was reportedly "furious", according to The New York Post[154] and The New York Daily News.[155] Although Gillibrand's appointment was praised by some, including Schumer, New York's senior senator;[156] President Barack Obama[157] and Clinton herself,[158] others criticized Paterson's choice, calling Gillibrand "inexperienced",[159] "sharp-elbowed",[160] "too conservative",[161] and "unliked".[162] Congresswoman Carolyn McCarthy, a strong advocate for gun control, threatened to run against Gillibrand in a 2010 primary due to her support for Second Amendment rights, concurrence with the platform of the National Rifle Association as a member of the House, and reported opposition to the Obama stimulus plan (Gillibrand eventually voted for the stimulus, along with every other Senate Democrat).[163] Still others, including liberal New York Times editorialist Maureen Dowd[164] and New York Magazine writer Chris Smith,[165] criticized Paterson's "peculiar" and "dithering" handling of the Senate appointment and suggested it was a cynical way of rallying upstate support for re-election. Dowd went so far as to will Andrew Cuomo to run against Paterson in the 2010 gubernatorial election. Paterson later admitted that he personally ordered his staff to contest Caroline Kennedy's version of events in the hours after she withdrew from consideration to be United States senator.[166]

Appointment of new Lieutenant Governor

Due to the ongoing leadership crisis in the New York State Senate, which has left the Senate tied with 31 Democratic votes and 31 Republican votes, with no presiding officer to break the tie, Paterson announced on July 8, 2009 that he would appoint Richard Ravitch, a former chairman of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, to be the Lieutenant Governor.[167]

On August 20, 2009, however, a four-judge panel of the Second Judicial Department Appellate Division in Brooklyn ruled that Gov. Paterson had no legal authority to name a lieutenant governor, and that the lieutenant governor position cannot be filled in any other way other than via an election.

The Appellate Division decision was overruled, and Paterson's appointment of Richard Ravitch was held to be constitutional by the New York State Court of Appeals on September 23, 2009.[168]

Aqueduct Race Track

In January 2010 Paterson awarded a contract to operate a 4,500 slot machine racino at the Aqueduct Race Track to Aqueduct Race Track Entertainment Group (AEG) in Queens, New York. The appointment has generated controversy because of charges that AEG, which had the worst bid of those bidding, was allowed to change its bid so that it had the best. Paterson is reported to have demanded that the ownership have an affirmative action component. During this time, rapper Jay-Z through his company Gain Global Investments Network LLC then got a 7 percent ownership stake in AEG and charges were made that Jay-Z and Paterson had a personal relationship. U.S. prosecutors are reported to be investigating the bidding process, particularly that AEG won the bid two days after Queens megachurch pastor Floyd Flake (who is also an AEG investor) threatened to switch his support in the 2010 governor race from Paterson to Andrew Cuomo. New York Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver has threatened not to sign off on the deal. Paterson has maintained there was no quid pro quo.[169]

On March 9, 2010, Paterson recused himself from the case, saying he was doing so on the advice of his lawyers.[170] On the same day Flake and Jay-Z withdrew from AEG. Flake had a 0.6% share. [171]

Domestic abuse and World Series tickets scandals

In February 2010 charges were made that Paterson may been involved in witness tampering in a domestic abuse case involving staffer David W. Johnson after New York State Police and his staffers talked to the woman to get her to drop the case. Paterson was accused of talking to the woman personally a day before the case was dropped.[172] Paterson dropped his re-election bid on February 26 but has maintained his innocence and rejected calls for his resignation.

On March 3, 2010, charges were made he had lied under oath with regard to charges that he through Johnson had solicited free tickets from the Yankees for the World Series.

Paterson has so far not been charged with any crimes.

New York newspapers including the Albany Times Union began dubbing it "Troopergate" eliciting the nickname for when his predecessor was accused of using the state police to spy on rival Joseph L. Bruno.[173]

Time line
  • October 28, 2009 - Paterson and Johnson attend the opening game of the 2009 World Series at Yankee Stadium. Included in the party is Paterson's 15-year-old son, a friend of his son and another member of his staff allegedly using free tickets provided by the Yankees. Paterson would be formally accused of improperly accepting the tickets by the New York State Commission on Public Integrity on March 3, 2010.[174]
  • October 31, 2009 - Johnson (born in 1972) who is six feet seven upon finding his live-in girlfriend Sherr-una Booker and a female friend dressed in Halloween costumes he did not like is accused of choking Booker and throwing her against dresser and ripping off the costume. When she tried to call the police he took her phone and left. New York City Police who have jurisdiction in the case in the Bronx arrive at 9:50 p.m. Police reported there were no visible signs of injury but she later reported she had been bruised. [175][176][177]
  • November 1, 2009 - Johnson attempts to contact State Police superintendent, Harry J. Corbitt to discuss the case. Failing that he contacts Charles Day, head of the governor's security unit who gets permission from First Deputy Superintendent Pedro J. Perez to talk to Booker even though the state does not have jurisdiction in the case.[178]
  • November 2, 2009 - Booker gets an order of protection against Johnson and complains that the state police are harassing her. Police say they are just offering her counseling options. No charges are filed against Johnson.
  • November 4, 2009 - Booker in court says that Johnson is avoiding being served on the order.
  • December 17, 2009 - In court Johnson's lawyer refuses to accept the order on his clients behalf.[179]
  • Late January/Early February 2010 - Paterson asks press secretary Marissa Shorenstein and staffer Deneane Brown, who actually knew Booker and arranged for Booker to call the governor.[180]
  • February 7, 2010 - Booker at Brown's request calls the governor. Paterson says he did not bring up the assault allegation in the conversation. He said he just offered her his help and said he wanted to check that the woman was all right.[178]
  • February 8, 2010 - Booker does not attend a hearing on the order and the case is dropped.
  • February 9, 2010 - In a another high profile abuse case, the New York State Senate expels Hiram Monserrate who was convicted of assaulting his girlfriend with a broken drinking glass.[181]
  • February 9, 2010 - Rumors circulate that the New York Times has story that will force the governor to resign or drop out of the governor's race. Rumors speculated it would be about womanizing or drug use.[182]
  • February 16, 2010 - The New York Times runs a profile on Johnson and his rise to power from being Paterson's intern and chauffeur to being his closest adviser. The Times reports on the abuse case.
  • February 17, 2010 - Paterson denounces the New York Times for reporting on Johnson and stands by his aide, saying as to Johnson's conduct, "I profoundly believe in this principle of redemption and giving young people a second chance." [183]
  • February 20, 2010 - Paterson formally begins his bid for election in a speech at his former law school Hofstra.
  • February 24, 2010 - The New York Times reports on the state police connection and Paterson's involvement. Paterson suspends Johnson and asks State Attorney General Andrew Cuomo to investigate.
  • February 25, 2010 - Denise E. O’Donnell, deputy secretary for public safety which supervises the state police, resigns in protest saying that State Police superintendent, Harry J. Corbitt, had assured her that the state police were not involved in the case.[184] Corbitt was quoted in the media saying state police visits were customary in episodes that might attract media attention -- a comment that the Times "dismissed as false by many inside and outside the State Police." Corbitt denied that he misled O'Donnell.[176]
  • February 26, 2010 - Paterson withdraws in a speech in New York City during the Third North American blizzard of 2010. Paterson says "It hasn't been the latest distraction; it has been an accumulation of obstacles that has obfuscated me from bringing my message to the public...I give you this personal oath: I have never abused my office - not now, not ever - and I believe that when the facts are revealed the truth will prevail."[185]
  • March 2, 2010 – Gillibrand calls for Paterson to resign saying, "At the end of the day, if the allegations of abuse of power are true, then the governor will be unable to govern and he will have to step down,’’ [186]
  • March 3, 2010 - Corbitt announces he is taking an early retirement Corbitt had earlier retired but came back at the request of Paterson. Corbitt said, “I'm not an elected official; I'm a public servant, I'm a cop. And a good cop. So to continue to face that pressure, and even pressure from my family, the media showing up in my driveway — that's unacceptable. So for my own health and for my own sanity it's the right thing to do.”[187]
  • March 3, 2010 - Long term ally Charles B. Rangel resigns his chairmanship at least temporarily from the House Ways and Means Committee as he faces his own ethics issue. The local NBC station notes that Rangel's and Paterson's problems further indicate decline in power and influence for "Harlem's Gang of Four" (Rangel, Basil Paterson (the governor's father), David Dinkens, and Percy Sutton (who died in December 2009)).[188]
  • March 3, 2010 - The New York Commission on Public Integrity acting a complaint from the New York Public Interest Research Group issues a report saying Paterson lied under oath with regards to the five World Series tickets behind home plate that had a face value of $425 each. The Commission said that Paterson testified he intended to pay for them and that he backdated a check for them. The report said that Johnson had asked for the tickets because Paterson was to play a ceremonial role in the game but he did not participate in any formal way and was not introduced.[189][190]
  • March 4, 2010 - Communications director Peter Kauffmann, top spokesman for Gov. Paterson resigns saying, "Unfortunately as recent developments have come to light, I cannot in good conscience continue in my position." Kauffmann's email and testimony were taken in the World Series scandal.[191]
  • March 9, 2010 - Perez announces his early retirement saying in his letter, "My retirement is not premised on the current invesitgation by the attorney general, as I know my decisions were honest and rightly motivated,”[192]
  • March 11, 2010 - One day after Paterson said he was recusing himself from decisions on the Aqueduct Racetrack "on the advice of his lawyers," his office announced that the office was no longer supporting Aqueduct Entertainment Group's bid and that the Divison of Lottery will handle a new bidding process that is "transparent" and "apolitical."[193]
  • March 12, 2010 - Andrew Cuomo recused himself from investigating the case saying, "I wish to avoid any possible appearance of any political interest or conflict whatsoever." Judith Kaye, who had sworn Paterson in as governor, was named independent counsel with powers to bring criminal charges in the cases.[194]
  • March 16, 2010 – Paterson’s new attorney Ted Wells released an email exchange between the Yankees on October 7-8 showing that the Yankees had invited Paterson to the playoffs. Paterson declined the tickets but said he would be interested in World Series tickets.[195]
  • March 17, 2010 – Shorenstein resigned saying, “Due to the circumstances that have led to my unwitting involvement in recent news stories, I can no longer do my job effectively.”[196]
  • March 18, 2010 – WNYC releases a story detailing how New York governors have used the state police to meddle inappropriately dating back to George Pataki when he in meddled in the parole board.[197]

2010 gubernatorial campaign

In October 2008 Paterson announced his intentions to run for a full term as Governor and launched a campaign website.[198] Early speculation focused on an upstate Democrat—outgoing Syracuse Mayor Matt Driscoll--as a potential running mate.[199] Paterson's prime Republican opposition would most likely be from former New York City mayor Rudy Giuliani,[200]. By February 2009, after the prolonged Senate appointment process, a Siena College poll indicated that Paterson was losing popularity among New Yorkers, and showed Giuliani with a fifteen-point lead in a hypothetical contest.[201] In April 2009, a poll of 1,528 New York State registered voters taken by Quinnipiac University found that 60 percent disapproved of the job Paterson was doing (the worst-ever rating for a New York governor), with 53 percent stating that Paterson should withdraw his candidacy for the gubernatorial election.[202] On August 21, in a radio interview, Paterson suggested that his low popularity is due to racism, and mentioned Massachusetts Gov. Deval Patrick as receiving the same treatment.[203][204] Paterson also said that President Barack Obama would be the next African-American elected official to suffer from poor approval due to his skin color. The White House asked Paterson to tone down his comments on race, but less than 24 hours later, Paterson said: "Part of what I feel is that one very successful minority is permissible; but when you see too many success stories, then some people get nervous."[205]

On September 18, 2009, advisors to President Barack Obama informed Paterson that the President believed Paterson should withdraw his 2010 gubernatorial candidacy, stepping aside for "popular Attorney General Andrew Cuomo."[206] The New York Times reported that Obama was worried that Paterson's continued unpopularity would drag on the 26 Democratic members of New York's 29-member congressional delegation and potentially reverse the existing Democratic control of the State Legislature. Furthermore, the Times cited a potential gubernatorial run by Rudolph Giuliani as a reason for the Obama administration's request. Paterson has refused to step aside, but could face a primary challenge from Andrew Cuomo if he continues to seek election.[207] On February 8, 2010, Paterson dismissed rumors that he had engaged in womanizing and drug use as "outrageous". He also characterized some reports in the media about his personal life as "callous and sleazy." He specifically denied allegations in a New York Post article that a state trooper had caught him involved in an extramarital affair. He also stated that an investigation being conducted by the New York Times had "spawned a bunch of speculations that are so way out that it's shocking."[208] On February 26, 2010, Paterson officially withdrew his bid for a full term as Governor of New York.


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  105. ^ Hakim, Danny. "Vexed Cry of a Thwarted Governor: ‘Wait Till Next Year’". New York Times. April 10, 2008.
  106. ^ Governor Paterson Urges State Leaders To Follow His Lead In Reducing Next Year’S State Budget
  107. ^ Paterson Asking Legislative Leaders for Budget Cuts | The New York Observer
  108. ^ McNichol, Elizabeth, and Lay, Iris. “STATE BUDGET TROUBLES WORSEN”. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. January 16, 2009.
  110. ^ "State of the State Address 2009". David A. Paterson, Governor.
  111. ^ "2008-09 Deficit Reduction Plan". 2009-2010 Executive Budget – Briefing Book, New York State Division of the Budget.
  112. ^ a b c Blainn, Glenn and Lovett Kenneth. "Governor Paterson proposes 'Obesity Tax,' a tax on non-diet sodas". Daily News. December 14, 2008.
  113. ^ "Stop the ITax". Retrieved January 19, 2009.
  114. ^ "New York Governor Proposes Alcohol Tax Hikes". Marin Institute. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
  115. ^ Paint, Josh. "A tale of two budgets". Redstate (blog). December 16, 2008.
  116. ^ "New York Governor Wants 'iTunes Tax'". Information Week. December 17, 2008.
  117. ^ "Governor Paterson to Tax Your Entertainment". 'New York Magazine'. January 2009.
  118. ^ "New York governor proposes more fishing fees". Associated Press. December 23, 2008.
  119. ^ Fitzpatrick, Josh. "Tedisco: Governor Paterson's 137 Tax And Fee Increases Will Cost the Average New York Family $3,875.48, Could Lead To the Loss of 1-In-10 Jobs". New York State Assembly Minority LeaderJames Tedisco.December 18, 2008.
  120. ^ Reddy, Sumathi. "What the governor's proposed fee raises will cost you". Newsday. December 18, 2008.
  121. ^ Chan, Sewell. "Reaction to Ravitch’s M.T.A. Report". New York Times. December 4, 2008.
  122. ^ Precious, Tom. "Paterson proposes dramatic spending cuts, higher taxes and fees". Buffalo News. December 16, 2008.
  123. ^ Vielkind, Jimmy. "The Pheasants Are Saved! For the Hunters". New York Observer. January 19, 2009.
  124. ^ "Ball urges Governor to retain 'only remaining pheasant farm'". Mid Hudson News. January 4, 2009.
  125. ^ Nelson, Dick. "Sportsmen seek injunction against DEC". The Daily Mail. January 12, 2009.
  126. ^ Figura, David. "Gov. Paterson makes it official: the Reynolds Game Farm will not be closed". The Post-Standard. January 16, 2009.
  127. ^ David Paterson to Become First African American Gov in NY History, First Blind Gov in US History
  128. ^ "Caroline Kennedy Withdraws Senate Bid". The New York Times (Reuters Ltd.). 2009-01-22. http://www.nytimes.com/reuters/2009/01/22/news/news-us-usa-politics-kennedy.html. Retrieved 2009-01-22. 
  129. ^ Lovett, Kenneth. "Ex-Hillary Clinton aide Leecia Eve could take over as senator". Daily News. November 21, 2008.
  130. ^ "Paterson Reveals Advisors On Clinton Successor: New York Governor Has Some Time To Make Up His Mind Because Clinton Will Stick Around Until Confirmed". CBS Broadcasting Inc.. 2008-12-03. http://wcbstv.com/local/new.york.senate.2.878236.html. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  131. ^ Chan, Sewell and Richard Pérez-Peña (2007-01-22). "If Clinton Should Win, Who Would Take Her Place?". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=980CE0DC1F30F931A15752C0A9619C8B63. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  132. ^ Hakim, Danny (2007-10-04). "Wishing and Hoping for Clinton's Seat". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9503E6DA1F30F937A35753C1A9619C8B63. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  133. ^ Parker, Billy. "Latest Possible Hillary Successor is Leecia Eve". Gothamist. November 22, 2008.
  134. ^ Why Gov. Paterson Should Have Named Lesbian Randi Weingarten to the Senate
  135. ^ Damavandi, Olivia (January 7, 2009). "Drescher speaks about possible Senate run". The Malibu Times. http://www.malibutimes.com/articles/2009/01/07/news/news5.txt. 
  136. ^ Tumulty, Brian. "Lowey won't seek Clinton seat." The Journal News. December 2, 2008.
  137. ^ Poll: New Yorkers Prefer Cuomo Over Kennedy for U.S. Senate Seat
  138. ^ Senator Cuomo looms as Dame Caroline fades
  139. ^ As Willing Bridesmaid, Cuomo Plays Against Type
  140. ^ Paterson: Cuomo being considered for Senate seat
  141. ^ Steve Israel Abides
  142. ^ "NYC mayor praises Caroline Kennedy". ABC Inc., WABC-TV/DT New York, NY. 2008-12-08. http://abclocal.go.com/wabc/story?section=news/politics&id=6540115&rss=rss-wabc-article-6540115. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  143. ^ Caroline Kennedy withdraws Senate bid
  144. ^ Kennedy's withdrawal creates a political mystery
  145. ^ Sources: Caroline Kennedy Front-Runner for Hilary Clinton Senate Seat
  147. ^ Caroline Kennedy Paterson's Choice: Officials
  148. ^ Caroline Kennedy botches debut interview with 'you know' attitude
  149. ^ Kennedy criticized after her latest tour
  150. ^ New York's Paterson to Name Clinton Senate Successor
  151. ^ Paterson Is Set to Name Senate Pick
  152. ^ New York’s Paterson to Tap Clinton Senate Replacement
  153. ^ Paterson Names Rep. Kirsten Gillibrand to Clinton's Former U.S. Senate Seat
  155. ^ Senator-designate Kirsten Gillibrand praises Caroline Kennedy
  156. ^ Gillibrand colleagues support her appointment
  157. ^ Obama telephones congratulations to Gillibrand
  158. ^ HRC (and others) react to Gillibrand
  160. ^ New York's Next Senator: Opposed to the Obama Agenda
  161. ^ Who is Kirsten Gillibrand? New York congresswoman to take Clinton's Senate seat
  162. ^ Ambitious Gillibrand Unliked by Peers
  163. ^ McCarthy continues to oppose Gillibrand's appointment
  164. ^ Which Governor Is Wackier?
  165. ^ The Zany Adventures of (Senator) Caroline Kennedy
  166. ^ Paterson Had Staff Deny Kennedy Was Top Choice
  167. ^ Jeremy Peters and Danny Hakim (July 8, 2009). "Paterson to Name Ex-M.T.A. Chief as Lieutenant Governor". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/09/nyregion/09albany.html. 
  168. ^ In 4-3 Vote, Court Says Paterson Can Appoint Lt. Governor - City Room Blog - NYTimes.com
  169. ^ Jay-Z stake in Aqueduct slots deal draws scrutiny - New York Post - February 21, 2010
  170. ^ Paterson Recuses Himself From Racino Project - New York Daily News - March 9, 2010
  171. ^ Rev. Flake, rapper Jay-Z exit sinking Aqueduct bid - crainsnewyork - March 9, 2010
  172. ^ William K. Rashbaum; Danny Hakim; David Kocieniewski; Serge F. Kovaleski; Kitty Bennett; Alain Delaquérière; Barbara Gray (25 February 2010). "Question of Influencein Abuse Case of Paterson Aide". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/25/nyregion/25paterson.html. Retrieved 7 March 2010. 
  173. ^ Do we call this one Troopergate or Domesticgate or what? Times Union - February 25, 2010
  174. ^ Paterson Faulted For Ethics Slip - Wall Street Journal - March 4, 2010
  175. ^ Paterson aide David Johnson tore outfit off girlfriend Sherr-una Booker on Halloween: police sources - New York Daily News - February 25, 2010
  176. ^ a b Aide Asked State Police to Contact His Accuser - New York Times - February 26, 2010
  177. ^ Paterson to Drop Out of Governor Race - New York Times - February 26, 2010
  178. ^ a b Nicholas Confessore; William K. Rashbaum Contributed Reporting From New York. (27 February 2010). "Aide Asked State Police to Contact His Accuser". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/27/nyregion/27day.html. Retrieved 7 March 2010. 
  179. ^ Heat on as Dave lays low - amny - March 4, 2010
  180. ^ David Kocieniewski; Danny Hakim (3 March 2010). "Investigators Are Told of Paterson Bid to Quiet Accuser". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/03/nyregion/03paterson.html. Retrieved 7 March 2010. 
  181. ^ Jeremy W. Peters (20 February 2010). "Judge Declines to Reverse Monserrate’s Expulsion From the State Senate". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/20/nyregion/20hiram.html. Retrieved 7 March 2010. 
  182. ^ Paterson Denies Scandal, Resignation Rumors - WPIX.com - February 9, 2010
  183. ^ "Paterson: Times Report on Aides Lacks 'Facts'". CNN. 2010-02-17. http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2010/02/17/paterson-times-report-on-aide-lacks-facts/?fbid=BE08HsGGyc2. 
  184. ^ Top Paterson Official Resigns - New York Times - February 25, 2010
  185. ^ Paterson drops bid for a full term - Poughkeepsie Journal - February 27, 2010
  186. ^ "Gillibrand All But Abandons Paterson". Nydailynews.com. 2010-03-02. http://www.nydailynews.com/blogs/dailypolitics/2010/03/gillibrand-all-but-abandons-pa.html. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  187. ^ - NY state police chief abruptly retires in scandal – Associated Press (via Google) March 3, 2010
  188. ^ The Twilight of the Harlem's Gang of Four nbcnewyork.com - March 4, 2010
  189. ^ Paterson’s Ethics Breach Is Turned Over to Prosecutors - New York Times - March 3, 2010
  190. ^ Gormley, Michael (2009-04-03). "David Paterson faces ethics charges over world series tickets". Yahoo News. http://tierwriting.com/2010/03/nys-paterson-faces-ethics-charge-over-series-tix/. Retrieved 2010-03-03. 
  191. ^ Paterson's Communications Director Resigns - nbcnewyork.com - March 4, 2010
  192. ^ Paterson scandal update: Police chief Pedro Perez quits, 4th victim to succumb to Gov's crisis - New York Daily News - March 9, 2010
  193. ^ Aqueduct bidder's win KO'd - New York Post - March 12, 2010
  194. ^ Andy Gets Off Dave's Case - New York Post - March 12, 2010
  195. ^ Del, John. "Commission: Paterson's Yankees E-Mails Don't Exonerate Him". Gothamist. http://gothamist.com/2010/03/17/yesterday_governor_patersons_lawyer.php. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  196. ^ The Daily Politics. "ANOTHER Paterson aide deserts administration: Governor's press secretary, Marissa Shorenstein, quits". Nydailynews.com. http://www.nydailynews.com/news/2010/03/17/2010-03-17_another_paterson_aide_deserts_administration_governors_press_secretary_marissa_s.html. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  197. ^ "News - Politics and the State Police: A History of 'Troubling Situations'". WNYC. 2010-03-04. http://www.wnyc.org/news/articles/151208. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  198. ^ "David Paterson". Paterson for Governor Inc.. http://www.patersonforny.com. 
  199. ^ Rubado, Meghan and Goldberg, Delen. "2010 Ticket Could Be Paterson-Driscoll". Post-Standard. October 17, 2008.
  200. ^ CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Giuliani says decision on governor’s race unlikely before summer « - Blogs from CNN.com
  201. ^ "New York governor trails rival Cuomo in latest poll". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/politicsNews/idUSTRE51N6ZQ20090224. Retrieved 2010-03-16. 
  202. ^ http://uk.reuters.com/article/marketsNewsUS/idUKN0638816620090406 Retrieved on 2009-04-06.
  203. ^ "Paterson blames racism for his unpopularity". Newsday.com. 2009-08-21. http://www.newsday.com/long-island/nassau/paterson-blames-racism-for-his-unpopularity-1.1386367?localLinksEnabled=false. Retrieved 2010-03-16. 
  204. ^ Paterson Whines: 'Racism!'
  205. ^ Ignoring White House Request, Paterson Rants Again
  206. ^ Obama cordial but cool to Gov. David Paterson
  207. ^ Paterson Says He Will Run, Rejecting Call From Obama
  208. ^ "Governor denies drug, sex rumors". 2010-02-09. http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2010/02/09/governor-denies-drug-sex-rumors/. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 

External links

New York State Senate
Preceded by
Leon Bogues
New York State Senate, 29th District
1986 - 2002
Succeeded by
Thomas Duane
Preceded by
Eric Schneiderman
New York State Senate, 30th District
2003 - 2006
Succeeded by
Bill Perkins
Political offices
Preceded by
Martin Connor
New York State Senate Minority Leader
2003 - 2006
Succeeded by
Malcolm Smith
Preceded by
Mary Donohue
Lieutenant Governor of New York
2007 - 2008
Succeeded by
Richard Ravitch
Preceded by
Eliot Spitzer
Governor of New York
2008 -
United States order of precedence
Preceded by
Joe Biden
Vice President of the United States
Jill Biden
Second Lady of the United States (if present)
United States order of precedence
In New York
Succeeded by
Mayors of New York cities if present
next fixed Nancy Pelosi
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Outside New York
Succeeded by
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Governor of North Carolina

Simple English

David Paterson
File:David Paterson 2 by David

Paterson at the 2008 Tribeca Film Festival

55th Governor of New York
Assumed office 
March 17, 2008
Lieutenant 1) Joseph Bruno(Acting)(March 2008 - June 2008)
2) Dean G. Skelos (Acting) (June 2008 - present)
Preceded by Eliot Spitzer

74th Lieutenant Governor of New York
In office
January 1, 2007 – March 17, 2008
Governor Eliot Spitzer
Preceded by Mary Donohue
Succeeded by Joseph L. Bruno (Acting)

Born May 20, 1954 (1954-05-20) (age 56)
Brooklyn, New York
Political party Democratic
Spouse Michelle Paige Paterson
Residence New York State Executive Mansion, Albany, New York
Harlem, New York
Guilderland, New York[1]
Alma mater Columbia University
Hofstra University School of Law
Profession Politician

David Alexander Paterson (born May 20, 1954) is an American politician and the current Governor of New York. He is the first black governor of New York and the first legally blind governor of any state. He became governor when Eliot Spitzer resigned. Due to Paterson becoming governor, two black governors are serving at the same time for the first time in more than 100 years; as Governor Deval Patrick of Massachusetts is also African American.

Other websites


  1. Confessore, Nicholas (2008-03-26). "Paterson Family Is Moving Into the Executive Mansion". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/26/nyregion/26mansion.html?ref=nyregion. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 

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