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David Sloane Stanley
June 1, 1828(1828-06-01) – March 13, 1902 (aged 73)
Portrait of David Sloane Stanley by Mathew Brady, ca. 1860–1870
Major General David S. Stanley
Place of birth Cedar Valley, Wayne County, Ohio
Place of death Washington, D.C.
Place of burial United States Soldiers' and Airmen's Home National Cemetery
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Service/branch U.S. Army
Rank Major General
Commands held IV Corps
Battles/wars American Civil War
Awards Medal of Honor ribbon.svg - Medal of Honor

David Sloane Stanley (June 1, 1828 – March 13, 1902) was a Union Army officer during the American Civil War and a recipient of America's highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions at the Second Battle of Franklin.

Contents

Early life

Stanley was born in Cedar Valley, Wayne County, Ohio. He graduated from West Point in 1852 and went to the Western frontier to survey railroad routes. He engaged in Indian fighting and was promoted to captain shortly before the outbreak of the Civil War. Stanley was on duty at Fort Washita in Indian Territory when war broke out. He led his men to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

Civil War

He fought at several battles in Missouri, including the Battle of Wilson's Creek, where he guarded the supply trains. He quickly rose in rank to brigadier general by September 1861. Fighting in the Western Theater, he participated the operations against New Madrid, Missouri and the Battle of Island Number Ten. He was involved in numerous major battles, including the Second Battle of Corinth, where he commanded a division of infantry of the Army of the Mississippi, and the Battle of Stones River, in which he led the cavalry of the Army of the Cumberland. Stanley also led the Union cavalry in the Tullahoma Campaign. He fell ill late in 1863 and missed Chickamauga. In 1864, he fought under William Tecumseh Sherman as a division commander in the IV Corps of the Army of the Cumberland during the Atlanta Campaign, and he was promoted to command of the corps when Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard was named commander of the Army of the Tennessee. After the capture of the city, instead of employing him marching to the sea, Sherman dispatched Stanley and his IV Corps to Tennessee to help protect the state from invasion by John Bell Hood's Army of Tennessee.

For leading one of his brigades in a successful counterattack during a critical moment in the fighting at the Battle of Franklin on November 30, 1864, the United States Congress presented him with the Medal of Honor on March 29, 1893. Two of his divisions having been re-assigned to the defensive lines of the XXIII Corps before the battle, Stanley had no actual command. Two brigades of the remaining division, under Brig. Gen. George D. Wagner, were overwhelmed by the initial Confederate assault, having been left in an exposed position. It was for his role in the counterattack by the 3rd Brigade of Wagner's division that Stanley was awarded the medal. He was wounded in the neck at the same time and had his horse shot out from under him. Maj. Gen. Jacob Cox, commanding the defenses, provided Stanley a remount with which to seek medical attention, and Stanley did not participate further in the battle. He returned to corps only command only after the Battle of Nashville.

Postbellum career

After the war, Stanley was appointed colonel of the 22nd U.S. Infantry, primarily serving in the Dakota Territory until 1874. He commanded the Yellowstone Expedition of 1873, successfully conducting his troops through several unmapped areas, and his favorable reports on the country led to subsequent settlement of the region. In 1879, Stanley and his regiment were reassigned to Texas to suppress Indian raids in the western portion of the state. He was ordered to Santa Fe, New Mexico, in 1882, and placed in command of the District of New Mexico. In March 1884, he was appointed a brigadier general in the regular army, and assigned command of the Department of Texas.

Stanley was interred at the United States Soldiers' and Airmen's Home National Cemetery in Washington, D.C. - Plot: Section O-20.[1]

Medal of Honor citation

Medal of honor old.jpg

Rank and Organization:

Major General, U.S. Volunteers. Place and Date: At Franklin, Tenn., November 30, 1864. Entered Service At: Congress, Wayne County, Ohio. Born: June 1, 1828, Cedar Valley, Ohio. Date Of Issue: March 29, 1893.

Citation:

At a critical moment rode to the front of one of his brigades, reestablished its lines, and gallantly led it In a successful assault.[2][3]

See also

Notes

References

This article incorporates text from the public domain Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography.
  • Warner, Ezra J., Generals in Blue: Lives of the Union Commanders, Louisiana State University Press, 1964, ISBN 0-8071-0822-7.

Further reading

  • Stanley, David Sloane, Personal Memoirs of Major-General D. S. Stanley, Olde Soldier Books, 1987, ISBN 0-942211-57-X.
Military offices
Preceded by
Oliver O. Howard
Commander of the IV Corps (ACW)
July 27, 1864 - December 4, 1864
Succeeded by
Thomas J. Wood
Preceded by
Thomas J. Wood
Commander of the IV Corps (ACW)
January 31, 1865 - August 1, 1865
Succeeded by
None, End of War
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