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The Right Honourable
 The Lord Trimble 
PC


In office
1 November 2001 – 14 October 2002
Deputy Mark Durkan
Preceded by Reg Empey
Succeeded by Ian Paisley
In office
1 July 1998 – 1 July 2001
Deputy Seamus Mallon
Preceded by Office Created
Succeeded by Reg Empey

In office
25 June 1998 – 7 March 2007
Preceded by New Creation
Succeeded by George Savage

Member of Parliament
for Upper Bann
In office
2 February 1990 – 5 May 2005
Preceded by Harold McCusker
Succeeded by David Simpson

Born 15 October 1944 (1944-10-15) (age 65)
Bangor, County Down, Northern Ireland
Political party Conservative
Other political
affiliations
Vanguard Progressive Unionist Party,
Ulster Unionist Party
Alma mater Queen's University Belfast
Religion Presbyterianism

William David Trimble, Baron Trimble, PC (born 15 October 1944), is a politician from Northern Ireland who served as leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) and was the first First Minister of Northern Ireland. He is currently a life peer for the Conservative Party.

He shared the 1998 Nobel Peace Prize with John Hume of the Social Democratic and Labour Party. He served as Member of Parliament for Upper Bann from 1990 until 2005, when he was defeated in the British general election and resigned the leadership of the UUP soon afterwards. In June 2006 he became a member of the House of Lords as The Right Honourable William David Trimble by the name, style and title of Baron Trimble, of Lisnagarvey in the County of Antrim.[1] In April 2007 he announced that he was to leave the UUP and join the Conservative Party.[2]

Contents

Education and early career

David Trimble was educated at Bangor Grammar School in Bangor, County Down, and at the Queen's University of Belfast (QUB), where he received a First class honours degree, becoming a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B). He qualified as a barrister in Northern Ireland in 1969 and became a lecturer in law at QUB, becoming a Senior Lecturer in 1977. He served as head of the Department of Commercial and Property Law from 1980 to 1989.[3]

David Trimble became involved with the Vanguard Progressive Unionist Party in the early 1970s and ran unsuccessfully for the party in the 1973 Assembly election for North Down, taking only 446 votes and last place.[4] In 1974 he acted as legal adviser to the Ulster Workers' Council during the paramilitary-controlled Ulster Workers' Strike, during which loyalist paramilitaries intimidated thousands of utility workers. He was elected to the Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention in 1975 as a Vanguard Progressive Unionist Party member for South Belfast and for a time he served as the party's joint-deputy leader, along with the Ulster Defence Association's Glenn Barr. The party had been established by William Craig to oppose sharing power with Irish Nationalists, and to prevent closer ties with the Republic of Ireland, however Trimble was one of those to back Craig when the party split over Craig's proposal to allow voluntary power sharing with the SDLP.

When the Vanguard party collapsed he joined the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) in 1978 and was elected one of the four party secretaries. He ran unsuccessfully for the UUP in the 1981 council elections in the Lisburn area. He was elected to Westminster in a by-election in Upper Bann in 1990.[5] He was one of the few British politicians who urged support for the Islamic government of Bosnia and Herzegovina during the civil war in the 1990s. His support for an interventionist foreign policy is demonstrated by his membership of the Henry Jackson Society.

Leadership of Ulster Unionist Party

In 1995 Trimble was unexpectedly elected leader of the UUP, defeating the front-runner John Taylor. Trimble's election as party leader came in the aftermath of his role in the Drumcree conflict, in which he led a controversial Orange Order march, amidst Nationalist protest, down the predominantly Nationalist Garvaghy Road in Portadown, County Armagh. Trimble and Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) leader Ian Paisley were filmed walking hand-in-hand as the march proceeded down the road, in a controversial march that has been banned since 1997. This has been labelled the Drumcree "Victory Jig" by some commentators who are quick to point out that while Trimble gained immediate credibility just before the leadership election he lost it longterm.[6] Most recently the "Victory Jig" episode was cited as an example of Trimble "manipulating" the Orange Order "to get the leadership of the Ulster Unionist Party."[7] Trimble was appointed to the Privy Council of the United Kingdom in the 1998 New Year Honours.[8]

First Minister of Northern Ireland

Trimble at first opposed the appointment of former US Senator George J. Mitchell as the chairman of the multi-party talks which resulted in the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement (GFA) of 1998. Trimble was subsequently seen as instrumental in getting his party to accept the accord. Later in 1998, Trimble and John Hume were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland. Left wing commentator Eamon McCann described Trimble winning the Nobel Peace Prize as winning the lottery and not buying a ticket. Trimble was elected to the Northern Ireland Assembly and subsequently became First Minister of Northern Ireland with Seamus Mallon as deputy First Minister. However arguments over the extent of Provisional Irish Republican Army decommissioning meant that Trimble's tenure as First Minister was repeatedly interrupted. In particular:

  • The office of First Minister was suspended from 11 February 2000 to 30 May 2000.
  • Trimble resigned as First Minister on 1 July 2001, but was re-elected on 5 November 2001.
  • The Assembly was suspended from 14 October 2002 until 2007 due to accusations of an IRA spy ring being operated there (the so-called Stormontgate Affair).

At the general elections of 2005, David Trimble failed in his bid for re-election to Parliament in Westminster when he was defeated by the Democratic Unionist Party's David Simpson. The Ulster Unionist Party retained only one seat in Parliament (out of eighteen in Northern Ireland) after the 2005 general election, and David Trimble resigned as leader of the party on 7 May 2005.

On 11 April 2006, it was announced that Trimble would take a seat in the House of Lords as a working life peer.[9] On 21 May 2006 it was announced that he had chosen the geographical designation Lisnagarvey, the original name for his adopted home town of Lisburn and on 2 June 2006 he was created Baron Trimble, of Lisnagarvey in the County of Antrim.

On 18 December 2006, he announced that he would be standing down from the Northern Ireland Assembly at the next election.[10]

On 17 April, 2007, Trimble announced he had decided to join the Conservative Party in order to have greater influence in politics in the United Kingdom.[2] At the same time, however, he stated that he did not intend to campaign against the Ulster Unionist Party, and proposed the idea of a future alliance between the Conservatives and the Ulster Unionists, similar to that which had existed prior to 1974 and the fallout of the Sunningdale Agreement. It has been reported that if the Conservatives win the 2010 general election, Trimble will receive a "significant" ministerial role, possibly in the Cabinet.[11]

Interests

Trimble has expressed his admiration for Elvis Presley and, on 14 August 2007, he presented a special edition of BBC Radio 4's "Great Lives" to mark the 30th anniversary of Presley's death. Trimble concluded,
If you look at where popular culture was in 1955, the way in which he changed it, the way in which he developed it, there are many people in the music business who have only achieved a tenth, not even that, of what Elvis achieved.

Personal life

Trimble had no children from his first marriage to Heather McComb in August 1968, which ended in divorce in 1976. He married his former student, Daphne Orr, in August 1978, and they have four children.

Notes and references

  1. ^ London Gazette: no. 58004, p. 7793, 7 June 2006. Retrieved on 2007-11-21.
  2. ^ a b David Trimble official website (2007-04-17). "Statement by Baron Trimble, Tuesday, 17 April 2007". Press release. http://www.davidtrimble.org/latestnews_joinstories.htm. Retrieved 2007-04-17. "Consequently I have decided to join the Conservatives."  
  3. ^ Northern Ireland Executive biography.
  4. ^ North Down 1973-1982, Northern Ireland Elections
  5. ^ London Gazette: no. 52150, p. 9691, 25 May 1990. Retrieved on 2007-11-21.
  6. ^ See comments on the "Victory Jig" here. See video of the controversial march and "Victory Jig" in the 1995 section here.
  7. ^ See comments by DUP's David Simpson dated 28 April 2006 on BBC News available here.
  8. ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 54993, p. 1, 30 December 1997. Retrieved on 2008-11-13.
  9. ^ BBC (11 April 2006). "New working life peers unveiled". http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/4896620.stm. Retrieved 2007-04-18.  
  10. ^ BBC (18 December 2006). "Trimble set to quit assembly seat". http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/6189855.stm. Retrieved 2007-04-18.  
  11. ^ Daily Telegraph (24 July 2008). "Lord Trimble lined up as minister in Cameron government". http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/politics/conservative/2455222/Lord-Trimble-lined-up-as-minister-in-Cameron-government.html. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  

See also

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Harold McCusker
Member of Parliament for Upper Bann
19902005
Succeeded by
David Simpson
Party political offices
Preceded by
Ernest Baird
Deputy Leader of the
Vanguard Progressive Unionist Party
with Glenn Barr

1975 – 1978
Position abolished
Preceded by
James Molyneaux
Leader of the Ulster Unionist Party
1995 – 2005
Succeeded by
Sir Reg Empey
Northern Ireland Assembly
Preceded by
New creation
MLA for Upper Bann
1998 - 2007
Succeeded by
George Savage
Political offices
Preceded by
New office
First Minister of Northern Ireland
1999 - 2000
Succeeded by
Office suspended
Preceded by
Office suspended
First Minister of Northern Ireland
2000 - 2001
Succeeded by
Sir Reg Empey
(acting)
Preceded by
Sir Reg Empey
(acting)
First Minister of Northern Ireland
2001 - 2002
Succeeded by
Office suspended

The Right Honourable
 The Lord Trimble 
PC
File:David Trimble at Lisburn Seed Group benefit, Hillsborough Castle, Christmas 2007

In office
1 November 2001 – 14 October 2002
Deputy Mark Durkan
Preceded by Reg Empey
Succeeded by Ian Paisley
In office
1 July 1998 – 1 July 2001
Deputy Seamus Mallon
Preceded by Office created
Succeeded by Reg Empey

In office
25 June 1998 – 7 March 2007
Preceded by New creation
Succeeded by George Savage

Member of Parliament
for Upper Bann
In office
2 February 1990 – 5 May 2005
Preceded by Harold McCusker
Succeeded by David Simpson

Born 15 October 1944 (1944-10-15) (age 66)
Bangor, County Down, Northern Ireland
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Other political
affiliations
Vanguard Progressive Unionist Party,
Ulster Unionist Party
Alma mater Queen's University Belfast (First class honours degree; Bachelor of Laws (LL.B))

William David Trimble, Baron Trimble, PC (born 15 October 1944, in Belfast), is a politician from Northern Ireland. He served as Leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP; 1995–2005), was the first First Minister of Northern Ireland (1998–2002), and was a Member of the British Parliament (1990–2005).[1][2] He is currently a life peer for the Conservative Party. Trimble was awarded the 1998 Nobel Peace Prize, along with John Hume.

While a professor of law at Queens University, he was elected to the Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention.[2] He served as Member of Parliament for Upper Bann from 1990 until 2005. He resigned leadership of the UUP soon afterwards. In June 2006, he became a member of the House of Lords, as The Right Honourable William David Trimble by the name, style, and title of Baron Trimble, of Lisnagarvey in the County of Antrim.[3] In April 2007 he left the UUP to join the Conservative Party.[4]

In June 2010, the Israeli government appointed Lord Trimble to be one of two international observers serving on an Israeli commission of inquiry looking into the events surrounding an Israeli raid on the Mavi Marmara, along with Canadian former Judge Advocate General Ken Watkin.[5]

Contents

Early life and education

Trimble is the son of William and Ivy Trimble, and grew up in a lower-middle class Presbyterian home in Bangor on the County Down coast.[6][7] He was educated at Bangor Grammar School in Bangor, County Down (1956–63).[8]

He then studied at Queen's University of Belfast (QUB) from 1964 through 1968, winning the McKane Medal for Jurisprudence.[8] There he received a first class honours degree (the first at Queens in three years), becoming a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B).[9][10]

Early career

Academic career

Trimble qualified as a barrister in Northern Ireland in 1969. He began that year as a Queens University of Belfast lecturer, subsequently becoming Assistant Dean of the Faculty of Law from 1973–75, a Senior Lecturer in 1977, and Head of the Department of Commercial and Property Law from 1981 through 1989.[8][11][12][13] In 1990, after becoming a member of Parliament, he resigned from the university.[8]

In 1983, as he sat in his office at the university, he heard gunshots which turned out to be those of IRA killers of a friend and fellow law professor of his.[13] He was asked to identify the body.[13] In 1994 he himself was targeted for assassination.[13]

Political career

Trimble became involved with the right-wing, paramilitary-linked Vanguard Progressive Unionist Party (known as Vanguard) in the early 1970s. He ran unsuccessfully for the party in the 1973 Assembly election for North Down, coming in last.[14] In 1974, he was a legal adviser to the Ulster Workers' Council during the successful UWC strike against the Sunningdale Agreement.[15]

He was elected to the Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention in 1975 as a Vanguard member for Belfast South, and for a time he served as the party's joint deputy leader, along with the Ulster Defence Association's Glenn Barr.[16] The party had been established by Bill Craig to oppose sharing power with Irish Nationalists, and to prevent closer ties with the Republic of Ireland; however Trimble was one of those to back Craig when the party split over Craig's proposal to allow voluntary power sharing with the SDLP.

He joined the mainstream established Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) in 1978 after Vanguard disbanded, and was elected one of the four party secretaries.[10][16] He was Vice Chairman of Lagan Valley Unionist Association in 1983 through 1985, and became Chairman in 1985.[11] In 1989 through 1995, he was Chairman of the UUP Legal Committee, and in 1990 through 1996, he was Honorary Secretary of the Ulster Unionist Council.[11]

He was elected to Parliament with 58% of the vote in a by-election in Upper Bann in 1990.[16][17][18] He was one of the few British politicians who urged support for the Islamic government of Bosnia and Herzegovina during the civil war in the 1990s.

Leadership of Ulster Unionist Party

In September 1995 Trimble was unexpectedly elected Leader of the UUP, the largest party in Northern Ireland and the voice of mainstream unionism, defeating the front-runner John Taylor.[12][19] He defeated four other candidates in assuming leadership of the Protestant party.[20][21] The pro-British party vehemently opposed the IRA's goal of a united Ireland, free of British control.[22]

[[File:|thumb|left|200px|A mural in Ireland supporting the Portadown Orangemen]] Trimble's election as party leader came in the aftermath of his role in the Drumcree conflict, in which he led a controversial 1995 Orange Order Protestant march, amidst Nationalist protest, down the predominantly Roman Catholic Nationalist Garvaghy Road in Portadown, County Armagh.[6][12] Trimble and Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) leader Ian Paisley walked hand-in-hand as the march, banned since 1997, proceeded down the road.[23] Irish Catholics viewed it as insensitive; Protestants viewed it as Trimble sticking up for them.[12]

Trimble shortly after his election became the first unionist leader in 30 years to meet with an Irish prime minister in Dublin.[12] In 1997, he became the first Protestant unionist leader to agree to attend negotiations with Sinn Féin since Ireland was divided in 1922 into the British country of Northern Ireland and the independent Irish Free State.[24]

Later, in the All Party negotiations, he led the UUP delegation and sat at the table with Sinn Féin, though in the eight months of the negotiations he never spoke directly to their leader, Gerry Adams.[6][11] The talks were successful, culminating in the Belfast Agreement of 10 April 1998, which resulted in power-sharing with Nationalists.[10][11] On 22 May 1998, the Agreement was approved by 71% in Northern Ireland.[11]

Trimble was appointed to the Privy Council of the United Kingdom in the 1998 New Year Honours.[25][26]

First Minister of Northern Ireland; Nobel Peace Prize

Trimble at first opposed the appointment of former U.S. Senator George J. Mitchell as the chairman of multi-party talks, but then accepted him. The talks resulted in the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement (GFA) of April 1998.[27] Trimble was subsequently seen as instrumental in getting his party to accept the accord.[28] He backed the agreement despite opposition from more than half his parliamentary colleagues, which won him overwhelming support from London, Dublin, and Washington.[28] In a referendum, over 70% of the Northern Ireland electorate endorsed the agreement, and he later won support for his approach from his party’s ruling body.[28]

Trimble was elected on 25 June 1998 as a Member of the Northern Ireland Assembly for Upper Bann.[29] On 1 July 1998 he was elected First Minister of Northern Ireland in the New Northern Ireland Assembly.[29]

In October 1998, Trimble and John Hume were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland.[30] The Nobel Institute noted:
As the leader of the traditionally predominant party in Northern Ireland, David Trimble showed great political courage when, at a critical stage of the process, he advocated solutions which led to the [Belfast (Good Friday)] peace agreement.[30]

Arguments over the extent of Provisional Irish Republican Army led to repeated disruptions during Trimble's tenure as First Minister. In particular:

  • The office of First Minister was suspended from 11 February 2000 to 30 May 2000.
  • Trimble resigned as First Minister on 1 July 2001 due to the continuing impasse with regard to the IRA refusing his demands that it give up its arms,[31] but he was re-elected on 5 November 2001.
  • The Assembly was suspended from 14 October 2002 until 2007 due to accusations of an IRA spy ring being operated there (the so-called Stormontgate Affair).

In 1998, Tony Blair announced a new judicial inquiry, the Bloody Sunday Inquiry, into the killing of 14 unarmed civil rights marchers in Derry in 1972. A previous investigation, the Widgery Tribunal, into the same event had been discredited. During the debate in the House of Commons, Trimble was one of few dissenting voices. He said "I am sorry to have to say to the Prime Minister that I think that the hope expressed by the hon. Member for Foyle (Mr. Hume) that this will be part of the healing process is likely to be misplaced. Opening old wounds like this is likely to do more harm than good. The basic facts of the situation are known and not open to dispute."[32] Reporting in 2010, The Saville Inquiry confirmed that all of the 14 killings and 13 woundings were unjustified.

House of Lords; Conservative Party

At the general elections of 2005, Trimble was defeated by the Democratic Unionist Party's David Simpson in his bid for re-election to Parliament in Westminster. The Ulster Unionist Party retained only one seat in Parliament (out of 18 in Northern Ireland) after the 2005 general election, and Trimble resigned as Leader of the party on 7 May 2005.

meets in the Palace of Westminster]]

On 11 April 2006, it was announced that Trimble would take a seat in the House of Lords as a working life peer, as an appointed members of the Peerage whose title may not be inherited.[33] On 21 May 2006 it was announced that he had chosen the geographical designation Lisnagarvey, the original name for his adopted home town of Lisburn. Subsequently, on 2 June 2006, he was created Baron Trimble, of Lisnagarvey in the County of Antrim.

On 18 December 2006, he announced that he would be standing down from the Northern Ireland Assembly at the next election.[34]

Trimble was named an Honorary Patron of the University Philosophical Society, Trinity College, Dublin.

On 17 April 2007, Trimble announced he had decided to join the Conservative Party in order to have greater influence in politics in the United Kingdom.[4] At the same time, however, he stated that he did not intend to campaign against the Ulster Unionist Party, and proposed the idea of a future alliance between the Conservatives and the Ulster Unionists, similar to that which had existed prior to 1974 and the fallout of the Sunningdale Agreement. This idea became reality with the formation of Ulster Conservatives and Unionists - New Force in late 2008. It was reported that if the Conservatives won the 2010 general election, Trimble would receive a "significant" ministerial role, possibly in the Cabinet.[35] In the event, however, Trimble was not offered any governmental or front bench position following the formation of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government.

In May 2010 when the former prime minister of Spain Jose Maria Aznar initiated and launched the "Friends of Israel Initiative," a non-Jewish international project supporting Israel's right to exist, Trimble joined him along with Peru's former president Alejandro Toledo, Italian philosopher Marcelo Pear, former United States Ambassador to the United Nations John Bolton, and British historian Andrew Roberts.[36]

Turkel Commission of Inquiry

On June 14, 2010, he was appointed as an observer to the Israeli special independent public Turkel Commission of Inquiry into the Gaza flotilla raid.[37][38]

The Commission will investigate whether Israel's actions in preventing the arrival of ships in Gaza were in accordance with international law.[38] It will focus among other things on the security considerations for imposing a naval blockade on the Gaza Strip and the conformity of the naval blockade with the rules of international law; the conformity of the actions during the raid to principles of international law; and the actions taken by those who organized and participated in the flotilla, and their identities.[38]

On the Commission are former Israeli Supreme Court Justice, Jacob Turkel, and former Technion University President, Amos Horev, as well two other members added in July 2010. (Bar Ilan University Professor of International Law Shabtai Rosenne also served on the Commission from its establishment until his death on 21 September 2010.[39]) In addition, the Commission has two foreign observers, Trimble and former head of the Canadian military's judiciary, Judge Advocate General, Ken Watkin, who will take part in hearings and discussions, but not vote on the final conclusions.[40][41]

Personal life

Trimble's first marriage, to Heather McComb in August 1968, ended in divorce in 1976. He married a former student, Daphne Elizabeth (née Orr), in August 1978, and they have two sons and two daughters (Richard, Victoria, Nicholas, and Sarah).[7] Lady Daphne Trimble, who had served as a member of the Equality Commission for Northern Ireland, was appointed to Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission in 2008–10, before resigning to contest the UK Parliamentary election of May 2010, unsuccessfully, for the UCUNF in the Lagan Valley constituency.

Select works

Books

Articles

Notes and references

  1. ^ "The Stormont debacle: Opinions divided on d'Hondt drama; From Portrush to Portaferry and Larne to Strabane the people of Ulster were split over the shambles at Stormont. Stephen Dunwoody assesses the mood on the streets". The News Letter (Belfast, Northern Ireland). 16 July 1999. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-60195305.html?refid=gnews_1108. Retrieved 28 June 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "David Trimble (British politician)". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 October 1944. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/605370/David-Trimble. Retrieved 29 June 2010. 
  3. ^ London Gazette: no. 58004, p. 7793, 7 June 2006. Retrieved 21 November 2007.
  4. ^ a b David Trimble official website (17 April 2007). "Statement by Baron Trimble, Tuesday, 17 April 2007". Press release. http://www.davidtrimble.org/latestnews_joinstories.htm. Retrieved 17 April 2007. "Consequently I have decided to join the Conservatives." 
  5. ^ Barak Ravid, Haaretz, PMO officially announces internal Gaza flotilla raid probe panel, 14 June 2010 (accessed online).
  6. ^ a b c The Nobel Peace Prize and the .... Books.google.com. http://books.google.com/books?id=ny77bPwKxaUC&pg=PA323&dq=%22david+trimble%22&hl=en&ei=yGkpTNX_G8aqlAfvvvCyAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=%22david%20trimble%22&f=false. Retrieved 29 June 2010. 
  7. ^ a b Newsmakers. Books.google.com. http://books.google.com/books?id=s21VHD28o0EC&q=%22william+david+trimble%22&dq=%22william+david+trimble%22&hl=en&ei=MRopTL3gBISdlgeZoICCCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA. Retrieved 28 June 2010. 
  8. ^ a b c d "The Rt. Hon. David Trimble, Book Military Speaker The Rt. Hon. David Trimble". Tmcentertainment.co.uk. http://www.tmcentertainment.co.uk/speaker-index.html?speakerid=260&speakertypeid=6. Retrieved 30 June 2010. 
  9. ^ Dod's parliamentary companion. Books.google.com. 16 October 2008. http://books.google.com/books?id=yaGIAAAAMAAJ&q=%22william+david+trimble%22&dq=%22william+david+trimble%22&hl=en&ei=hBspTMjyIYKdlgfEt42CCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7&ved=0CEkQ6AEwBg. Retrieved 28 June 2010. 
  10. ^ a b c "Obiter Dicta" (PDF). Spring 2004. http://www.warwicklawsociety.com/obiter_dicta/obiterdicta_v4_2_2003-2004.pdf. Retrieved 30 June 2010. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f "David Trimble – Biography". Nobelprize.org. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1998/trimble-bio.html. Retrieved 29 June 2010. 
  12. ^ a b c d e The Day – Google News Archive Search
  13. ^ a b c d Daytona Beach Sunday News-Journal – Google News Archive Search
  14. ^ North Down 1973–1982, Northern Ireland Elections
  15. ^ The Routledge dictionary of modern .... Books.google.com. http://books.google.com/books?id=6YMTqYuvA10C&pg=PA299&lpg=PA299&dq=%22David+trimble%22+%22bangor+grammar+school%22&source=bl&ots=6fh2L53T3l&sig=HpPpZe445tXIQVoYJ8p0wJsOMjg&hl=en&ei=FSQrTLWCLYX7lweHzZSOAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=41&ved=0CMwBEOgBMCg#v=onepage&q=%22David%20trimble%22%20%22bangor%20grammar%20school%22&f=false. Retrieved 30 June 2010. 
  16. ^ a b c The Nobel Peace Prize and the .... Books.google.com. http://books.google.com/books?id=ny77bPwKxaUC&pg=PA323&dq=%22david+trimble%22&hl=en&ei=yGkpTNX_G8aqlAfvvvCyAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=%22david%20trimble%22&f=false. Retrieved 29 June 2010. 
  17. ^ The Tuscaloosa News – Google News Archive Search
  18. ^ London Gazette: no. 52150, p. 9691, 25 May 1990. Retrieved 21 November 2007.
  19. ^ "Ulster Protestant Party Names a Hard-Liner". Northern Ireland: The New York Times. 9 September 1995. http://www.nytimes.com/1995/09/09/world/world-news-briefs-ulster-protestant-party-names-a-hard-liner.html. Retrieved 29 June 2010. 
  20. ^ Darnton, John (11 September 1995). "Ulster Danger Point – Dublin Cancels Key Meeting With London Over British Demand That I.R.A. Disarm". Ireland; Great Britain; Northern Ireland: The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1995/09/11/world/ulster-danger-point-dublin-cancels-key-meeting-with-london-over-british-demand.html. Retrieved 29 June 2010. 
  21. ^ Clarity, James F. (3 October 1995). "Britain and I.R.A. Inch Closer to Peace Talks". Ireland; Great Britain; Northern Ireland: The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1995/10/03/world/britain-and-ira-inch-closer-to-peace-talks.html. Retrieved 29 June 2010. 
  22. ^ Clarity, James F. (11 December 1995). "Protestant Calls I.R.A. Stand a Setback for Peace". Ireland; Northern Ireland (Uk); Northern Ireland: The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1995/12/11/world/protestant-calls-ira-stand-a-setback-for-peace.html. Retrieved 29 June 2010. 
  23. ^ See video of march in the 1995 section here [1].
  24. ^ The Tuscaloosa News – Google News Archive Search
  25. ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 54993, p. 1, 30 December 1997. Retrieved 13 November 2008.
  26. ^ "New Year Honours | Life Peers to Order of the Companion of Honour". BBC News. 31 December 1997. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/special_report/for_christmas/_new_year/new_year_honours/43509.stm. Retrieved 28 June 2010. 
  27. ^ The Deseret News
  28. ^ a b c "Key players". Telegraph. 25 October 2001. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1399874/Key-players.html. Retrieved 30 June 2010. 
  29. ^ a b "David Trimble – Biography". Nobelprize.org. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1998/trimble-bio.html. Retrieved 30 June 2010. 
  30. ^ a b boes.org crew. "Nobel Peace Prize 1998, John Hume and David Trimble". Boes.org. http://www.boes.org/coop/lmines/nobel98.html. Retrieved 30 June 2010. 
  31. ^ "The long and arduous road to paramilitary decommissioning". Belfast Telegraph. http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/local-national/the-long-and-arduous-road-to-paramilitary-decommissioning-14345877.html. Retrieved 29 June 2010. 
  32. ^ Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Commons, Westminster (29 January 1998). "Hansard Record of Commons Debate launching the Saville Inquiry". Publications.parliament.uk. http://www.publications.parliament.uk/cgi-bin/newhtml_hl?DB=semukparl&STEMMER=en&WORDS=trimble%20david%20bloodi%20sundai&ALL=bloody%20sunday&ANY=&PHRASE=&CATEGORIES=&SIMPLE=&SPEAKER=Trimble%20David&COLOUR=red&STYLE=s&ANCHOR=80129-07_spnew1&URL=/pa/cm199798/cmhansrd/vo980129/debtext/80129-07.htm#80129-07_spnew1. Retrieved 16 June 2010. 
  33. ^ BBC (11 April 2006). "New working life peers unveiled". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/4896620.stm. Retrieved 18 April 2007. 
  34. ^ BBC (18 December 2006). "Trimble set to quit assembly seat". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/6189855.stm. Retrieved 18 April 2007. 
  35. ^ Daily Telegraph (24 July 2008). "Lord Trimble lined up as minister in Cameron government". http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/politics/conservative/2455222/Lord-Trimble-lined-up-as-minister-in-Cameron-government.html. Retrieved 25 July 2008. 
  36. ^ "Aznar, Trimble to launch new pro-Israel project. 'Friends of Israel'". Jerusalem Post. 31 May 2010. http://findarticles.com/p/news-articles/jerusalem-post/mi_8048/is_20100531/aznar-trimble-launch-pro-israel/ai_n53871053/. Retrieved 14 June 2010. 
  37. ^ Zrahiya, Zvi (17 June 2010). "Israeli members of flotilla inquiry panel meet for first time". Haaretz. http://www.haaretz.com/print-edition/news/israeli-members-of-flotilla-inquiry-panel-meet-for-first-time-1.296644. Retrieved 17 June 2010. 
  38. ^ a b c "Cabinet asked to approve independent public commission". Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 13 June 2010. http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/Government/Communiques/2010/Cabinet_to_approve_independent_public_commission_13-Jun-2010.htm. Retrieved 17 June 2010. 
  39. ^ http://www.haaretz.com/print-edition/news/turkel-committee-member-shabtai-rosenne-dies-at-93-1.315062
  40. ^ BBC: Gaza flotilla inquiry panel members
  41. ^ Haaretz: Who's who on Israel's committee on the Gaza flotilla raid

See also

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Harold McCusker
Member of Parliament for Upper Bann
19902005
Succeeded by
David Simpson
Party political offices
Preceded by
Ernest Baird
Deputy Leader of the
Vanguard Progressive Unionist Party
with Glenn Barr

1975–78
Position abolished
Preceded by
James Molyneaux
Leader of the Ulster Unionist Party
1995–2005
Succeeded by
Sir Reg Empey
Northern Ireland Assembly
Preceded by
New creation
MLA for Upper Bann
1998–2007
Succeeded by
George Savage
Political offices
Preceded by
New office
First Minister of Northern Ireland
1999–2000
Succeeded by
Office suspended
Preceded by
Office suspended
First Minister of Northern Ireland
2000–01
Succeeded by
Sir Reg Empey
(acting)
Preceded by
Sir Reg Empey
(acting)
First Minister of Northern Ireland
2001–02
Succeeded by
Office suspended

Simple English

The Right Honourable
 The Lord Trimble 
PC
File:Trimble, David (1944).jpg


In office
1 November 2001 – 14 October 2002
Deputy Mark Durkan
Preceded by Reg Empey
Succeeded by Ian Paisley
In office
1 July 1998 – 1 July 2001
Deputy Seamus Mallon
Preceded by Office created
Succeeded by Reg Empey

Member of the Northern Ireland Assembly
for Upper Bann
In office
25 June 1998 – 7 March 2007
Preceded by New creation
Succeeded by George Savage

Member of Parliament
for Upper Bann
In office
2 February 1990 – 5 May 2005
Preceded by Harold McCusker
Succeeded by David Simpson

Born 15 October 1944 (1944-10-15) (age 66)
Bangor, County Down, Northern Ireland
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Other political
affiliations
Vanguard Progressive Unionist Party,
Ulster Unionist Party
Alma mater Queen's University Belfast (First class honours degree; Bachelor of Laws (LL.B))

William David Trimble, Baron Trimble, PC (born 15 October 1944, in Belfast), is a politician from Northern Ireland. He was Leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP; 1995–2005), the first First Minister of Northern Ireland (1998–2002), and was a Member of the House of Commons (1990–2005).[1][2]

He is a life peer for the Conservative Party. Trimble was awarded the 1998 Nobel Peace Prize, along with John Hume.

References








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