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Dawid Moryc Apfelbaum (some sources give Mieczysław or Mordechaj as his second name, and Appelbaum as his surname), nom de guerre "Kowal" ("Blacksmith") (?-1943) was an officer in the Polish Army and a commander of the Jewish Military Union (Żydowski Związek Wojskowy, ŻZW), during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (See David Wdowiński.) In 1939 Apfelbaum was a Lieutenant in the Polish Army. During the German invasion of Poland he fought in the defence of the Polish capital Warsaw.

After Poland's defeat together with many other Jews in Polish Army as well as Polish-Jewish political leaders he founded the ŻZW. In structures of the organization, Apfelbaum was the chief of the department of communication with Korpus Bezpieczeństwa and Armia Krajowa on "Aryan" site of Warsaw. Together with Paweł Frenkiel he was also a leader of the war department in ŻZW.

During the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Apfelbaum was commander of a squad who took part in the heavy fighting in defense of the Muranowski Square. He was killed in the first days of uprising.

After his death command of AK promoted him to the rank of Major in the Polish Army. In 2004, the mayor of Warsaw Lech Kaczyński had a square named for Apfelbaum in the city's Wola district.


  • Chaim Lazar, Matsada shel Varsha (Tel Aviv: Machon Jabotinsky, 1963).
  • English) David Wdowiński, And we are not saved. (New York: Philosophical Library,1963).

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