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City of Dawson Creek
Looking south into downtown Dawson Creek, with the Mile "0" post.

Flag

Logo
Nickname(s): Mile 0 City
Location of Dawson Creek within the Peace River Regional District in British Columbia
Coordinates (City Hall): 55°45′38″N 120°14′08″W / 55.76056°N 120.23556°W / 55.76056; -120.23556Coordinates: 55°45′38″N 120°14′08″W / 55.76056°N 120.23556°W / 55.76056; -120.23556
Country  Canada
Province  British Columbia
Region Peace River
Incorporated 1936-05-26 (village)
1958 (city)
Area
 - Total 20.66 km2 (8 sq mi)
Elevation 665 m (2,182 ft)
Population (2007)
 - Total 11,811
Time zone Mountain Time Zone (UTC-7)
 - Summer (DST) not observed (UTC-7)
Postal code FSA V1G
Area code(s) 250 and 778
Website City of Dawson Creek
Flag of Canada.svg

Dawson Creek is a small city in northeastern British Columbia, Canada. The municipality of 20.66 square kilometers (7.98 sq mi) had a population of 15,000 in 2009. [1] Dawson Creek derives its name from the creek of the same name that runs through the community. The creek was named after George Mercer Dawson by a member of his land survey team when they passed through the area in August 1879. Once a small farming community, Dawson Creek became a regional centre when the western terminus of the Northern Alberta Railways was extended there in 1932. The community grew rapidly in 1942 as the US Army used the rail terminus as a transshipment point during construction of the Alaska Highway. In the 1950s, the city was connected to the interior of British Columbia via a highway and railway through the Rocky Mountains. Since the 1960s, growth has slowed.

Dawson Creek is located in the dry and windy prairie land of the Peace River Country. As the seat of the Peace River Regional District and a service centre for the rural areas south of the Peace River, the city has been called the "Capital of the Peace". It is also known as the "Mile 0 City", referring to its location at the southern end of the Alaska Highway. The community is home to a heritage interpretation village, an art gallery, and a museum. Annual events include a fall fair and a spring rodeo.

Contents

History

Dawson Creek is named after the watercourse of the same name, itself named after George Mercer Dawson who led a surveying team through the area in August 1879; a member of the team labelled the creek with Dawson's name.[2] The community that formed by the creek was one of many farming communities established by European-Canadian settlers moving west through the Peace River Country. When the Canadian government began issuing homestead grants to settlers in 1912, the pace of migration increased. With the opening of a few stores and hotels in 1919 and the incorporation of the Dawson Creek Co-operative Union on 28 May 1921, Dawson Creek became a dominant business centre in the area.[3] After much speculation by land owners and investors, the Northern Alberta Railways built its western terminus 3 km (2 mi) from Dawson Creek.[4] The golden spike was driven on 29 December 1930, and the first passenger train arrived on 15 January 1931. The arrival of the railway and the construction of grain elevators attracted more settlers and business to the settlement. The need to provide services for the rapidly growing community led Dawson Creek to incorporate as a village in May 1936. A small wave of refugees from the Sudetenland settled in the area in 1939 as World War II was beginning.[5] The community exceeded 500 people in 1941.[6] Upon entering the war, the United States decided to build a transportation corridor to connect the US mainland to Alaska. In 1942, thousands of US Army personnel, engineers, and contractors poured into the city – the terminal of rail transport – to construct the Alaska Highway.

The highway was completed in less than a year; even after the workers involved in its construction departed, population and economic growth continued. By 1951, Dawson Creek had more than 3,500 residents.[6] In 1952, the John Hart Highway linked the town to the rest of the British Columbia Interior and Lower Mainland through the Rocky Mountains;[7] a new southbound route, known locally as Tupper Highway, made the town a crossroads with neighbouring Alberta. The next year, western Canada's largest propane gas plant was built[8] and federal government offices were established in town. In 1958, the extension of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway to the Peace from Prince George was completed,[7] and the village was re-incorporated as a city. Between 1951 and 1961, the population of Dawson Creek more than tripled.

The former Dawson Creek city logo, retired in 2002.

Growth slowed in the 1960s, with the population reaching its all-time high in 1966. In the 1970s, the provincial government moved its regional offices from Pouce Coupe to the city, Northern Lights College opened a Dawson Creek campus, and the Dawson Creek Mall was constructed. Several modern grain elevators were built, and the town's five wooden grain elevators, nicknamed "Elevator Row", were taken out of service. Only one of the historic elevators remains, converted to an art gallery. Since the 1970s, with the nearby town of Fort St. John attracting much of the area's industrial development and Grande Prairie becoming a commercial hub, the town's population and economy have not significantly increased.

Since 1991, the city has undergone several boundary expansions. One expansion incorporated undeveloped land in the southeast for an industrial park and a Louisiana-Pacific Canada veneer factory.[9] The city extended sewer and water lines to the location; however, the area was not developed and with the factory only half-built, L-P Canada abandoned its plans. A business making manufactured homes bought the factory and completed its development in 2005.[10] Another expansion incorporated the existing oriented strand board factory in the northwest corner of the city, while further incorporations have included undeveloped land to the south and north.

Demographics

Population, 1976–2006.[11][12]

The 1941 census, the first to include Dawson Creek as a defined subdivision, counted 518 residents.[6] Its growth spurred by the construction of the Alaska Highway, the town recorded a sevenfold increase to 3,589 residents in the 1951 census. Within five years, the population doubled to 7,531.[6] New transport links with southern British Columbia and Alberta spurred continued growth into the next decade. The population peaked in 1966 at 12,392, then declined throughout the 1970s, rising again briefly during the construction of the nearby town of Tumbler Ridge in the early 1980s. Dawson Creek's population has remained relatively stable since then. In the ten-year span from 1998 to 2007, the population was lowest in 2003 (11,144) and highest in 2007 (11,811), per provincial estimates.[12]

Canada 2006 Census[13]
Dawson Creek British Columbia
Median age 35.6 years 40.8 years
Under 15 years old 21% 17%
Over 65 years old 12% 14%
Visible minority 3% 25%

According to the 2006 Canadian census, there were 10,994 people living in 4,650 households within the city[13] (the official provincial figure was 11,563 people, including an estimate of net census undercount[12]). Of the federally surveyed households, 33% were one-person households, slightly above the 28% average provincewide; households consisting of couples with children, at 26%, were very close to the provincial average; and households of couples without children, at 24%, were below the provincial average of 30%. Among its 3,000 census families, Dawson Creek had a smaller proportion of married couples than the province, 62% compared to 73%, but the same average number of persons per family, 2.9. With 92% of Dawson Creek residents being Canadian-born, and 93% speaking only English, the city has few visible minorities. Only 17% of residents aged 35–64 had a university certificate or diploma, compared to the provincewide rate of 29%. Among those aged 25–64, 20% did not have a high school certificate or equivalent, much higher than the 12% provincewide rate.[13]

Crime rate, 1984–2005.[14]

In 2005, the 22-officer Dawson Creek Royal Canadian Mounted Police municipal detachment reported 2,561 Criminal Code of Canada offenses. This translated into a crime rate of 225 Criminal Code offenses per 1,000 people, down from the previous year's rate of 231, but still much higher than the provincial average of 125. In 2004, per 1,000 people, the city had higher crime rates compared to the provincial averages on all Criminal Code offenses except theft from motor vehicles (19.8 city, 20.2 province), heroin-related offenses (0 city, 0.13 province), and murder (0 city, 0.03 province). The city had slightly higher but comparable levels of offensive weapons charges, cannabis-related offenses, robbery, and motor vehicle thefts. Per 1,000 people, the city had much higher levels of shoplifting (13.8 city, 4.2 province), cocaine-related offenses (7.8 city, 1.4 province), commercial break-and-enters (11.2 city, 4.2 province), residential break-and-enters (13.9 city, 6.0 province), and non-sexual assaults (26.2 city, 9.9 province).[14]

Geography and climate

At the foot of Bear Mountain ridge, the city developed around the Dawson Creek watercourse which flows eastward into the Pouce Coupe River. The city is located on the Pouce Coupe Prairie in the southwestern part of the Peace River Country, 72 km (44.7 mi) southeast of Fort St. John, and 134 km (83.3 mi) northwest of Grande Prairie. According to the Canada Land Inventory, the city is on soil that has moderate limitations, due to an adverse climate, that restrict the range of crops or require moderate conservation practices.[15] The land is flat, but slopes upwards in the northeastern corner elevating a residential area over the rest of the city.

The city is in the British Columbia Peace Lowland ecosection of the Canadian Boreal Plains ecozone on the continental Interior Platform. Located in the Cordillera Climatic Region, it has a subhumid low boreal ecoclimate. In the summer, the city is often dusty and arid. Heavy rain showers are sporadic, lasting only a few minutes. In the winter, the city can get bitterly cold and dry. It is subject to very strong winds year round.[16] Unlike the rest of the province, the city and its region use Mountain Standard Time throughout the year, since the area already has long daylight hours in the summer and short daylight hours in the winter.

Weather data for Dawson Creek
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15
(59)
15.5
(60)
18.9
(66)
29
(84)
32.2
(90)
33.3
(92)
32.5
(91)
34.5
(94)
32
(90)
27.5
(82)
18.9
(66)
13.9
(57)
Average high °C (°F) -8.7
(16)
-4.9
(23)
0.9
(34)
10
(50)
16.5
(62)
19.9
(68)
21.7
(71)
21.1
(70)
16
(61)
9.4
(49)
-1.6
(29)
-6.8
(20)
7.8
(46)
Average low °C (°F) -20.6
(-5)
-17.2
(1)
-10.6
(13)
-2.9
(27)
2.2
(36)
6.9
(44)
8.6
(47)
7.2
(45)
3.2
(38)
-1.8
(29)
-12
(10)
-18
(-0)
-6.4
(20)
Record low °C (°F) -48.3
(-55)
-45
(-49)
-44.4
(-48)
-27.2
(-17)
-13.3
(8)
-5
(23)
-1.7
(29)
-7.1
(19)
-16.7
(2)
-30.9
(-24)
-39.8
(-40)
-49.2
(-57)
Precipitation mm (inches) 28.9
(1.14)
22.3
(0.88)
21.3
(0.84)
18.1
(0.71)
37.1
(1.46)
76
(2.99)
83.9
(3.3)
60.4
(2.38)
46.7
(1.84)
28.8
(1.13)
28
(1.1)
30.6
(1.2)
482
(18.98)
Source: Environment Canada[17] 2009-07-10

Economy

The economy of Dawson Creek is based around four major industries: agriculture, retail, tourism, and oil and gas.[18] Agriculture has historically been the most important industry to Dawson Creek, as the city is the regional transshipment point for agricultural commodities. The city is surrounded by the Agricultural Land Reserve, where the soil can support livestock and produces consistently good yields of quality grain and grass crops, such as canola, hay, oats, alfalfa, wheat, and sweet clover.[19] The service and retail sector caters to the city's inhabitants, smaller nearby towns, and rural communities. However, there is significant retail leakage to Grande Prairie, the closest major Alberta city, where there is no provincial tax on retail purchases, while British Columbia charges 7%.[20] In 2006, the BC government rejected a proposal to lower the sales tax in the province's border communities to 4%.[21] The problem of leakage has been exacerbated in recent years by the introduction of large-format retail stores into the small city. Residents still cross the border for high-priced items but now also purchase medium- and low-priced items from foreign-owned large-format chain stores.

Economy (2001)[22]
Rate City Province
Unemployment rate 10.3% 8.5%
Participation rate 69.5% 65.2%
Poverty rate 16.5% 17.8%
Average male income $49,551 $50,191
Average female income $30,846 $35,895

Dawson Creek has a large tourism industry as Mile "0" of the Alaska Highway.[23] Thousands of people drive on the highway every year, starting in Dawson Creek and ending in Fairbanks, Alaska. The trek is often made with recreational vehicles, sometimes in convoys which gather in the city. In the winter, the hospitality industry caters to workers from the oil patches. Discoveries south of Dawson Creek[24] and higher energy prices have spurred oil and gas activities, which have in turn driven the nearby Fort St. John economy to spill over to the Dawson Creek economy. British Columbia's first wind farm is expected to be constructed several miles southwest of the city in 2008.[25]

Transportation and infrastructure

The City of Dawson Creek in relation to the highways and the Dawson Creek watercourse.

Dawson Creek's road network was laid out in the mid-20th century as the town rapidly expanded. The city maintains 88 km (55 mi) of paved and 11 km (7 mi) of unpaved roads.[26] The primary roads generally follow a grid pattern around large blocks of land. Because the grid contains many internal intersections with stops signs, traffic is forced onto two arterial roads: 8 Street going north–south and Alaska Avenue going southeast–northwest. These two roads meet at a traffic circle where a metal statue marks the beginning of the Alaska Highway. Officially designated British Columbia Highway 97, it runs north from Dawson Creek to Fort St. John and the Yukon – where it becomes Highway 1 – before reaching Alaska. The other highways emanating from Dawson Creek are the John Hart Highway, also 97 (southwest to Chetwynd and Prince George), Highway 2 (south to Grande Prairie and southern Alberta), and Highway 49 (east to Peace River and northern Alberta). A road with few intersections along the southern and western borders of the city, incorporating a stretch of Highway 2, is designated as a "dangerous goods route" for heavy trucks so that they can avoid traveling through the city. However, Highway 49 has no direct access to such a ring road, so many trucks bound to or from the east use the city arterials, slowing traffic and damaging roads.

Looking south past traffic circle down 8 Street, with the metal statue pointing the way northwest to Alaska.

Dawson Creek is a regional node for air, rail, and bus services. The Dawson Creek Airport, which services commercial flights by Central Mountain Air, was built in 1963; its 1,524 m (5,000 ft) runway was paved in 1966. There are larger airports in Fort St. John and Grande Prairie that maintain more comprehensive flight schedules. Passenger rail service was available in Dawson Creek between 1931 and 1974. Service began when the Northern Alberta Railways (NAR) built its northwest terminus in the town and was extended in 1958 to Vancouver with a rail line through the Rocky Mountains. Passenger rail service ended as commodity shipments of grains, oil and gas by-products, and forestry products became more important in the resource-based economy. Greyhound Lines maintains a bus station in Dawson Creek which connects the city to Vancouver, Edmonton (via Grande Prairie), and Whitehorse (via Fort Nelson).

The city draws its water supply from the Kiskatinaw River, 18 km (11 mi) west of town. Before reaching the city, the water is pumped through a settling pond, two storage ponds, and a treatment plant where it is flocculated, filtered, and chlorinated. The city also provides drinking water for Pouce Coupe and rural residents. Sewage is processed by a lagoon system east of town and released into the Pouce Coupe River.[24] Dawson Creek is located in School District 59 Peace River South which maintains five elementary schools (Tremblay, Parkhill, Frank Ross, Crescent Park, and Canalta elementary schools), one middle school (Central Middle School), and one high school (South Peace Secondary School). Established in 1975, Northern Lights College's main campus is located in Dawson Creek and offers diplomas for two-year programs and degrees from the University of Northern British Columbia.

Culture, recreation, and media

Dawson Creek Art Gallery in NAR Park.

The culture of Dawson Creek is centred around its designation as Mile "0" of the Alaska Highway. The Mile "0" post, depicted in the city flag, is located in the historic downtown area, one block south of the Northern Alberta Railways Park. This four-acre (1.6 ha), mostly paved park is the gathering point for travellers. The park includes the Dawson Creek Art Gallery, which exhibits work by local artists and craftsmen. The Station Museum, connected to the art gallery, displays artifacts and exhibits associated with the construction of the NAR railway and the Alaska Highway. Other parks in Dawson Creek include the Mile Zero Rotary Park and the Walter Wright Pioneer Village. Annual events in the city include the Dawson Creek Symphonette and Choir performance, the Dawson Creek Art Gallery auction, the Dawson Creek Spring Rodeo, and the Peace Country Blue Grass Festival.[27] The largest event, held annually since 1953, is the Dawson Creek Fall Fair & Exhibition — a five-day professional rodeo, with a parade, fairgrounds, and exhibitions.[28]

City recreation facilities include two ice hockey arenas, a curling rink, an indoor swimming pool, an outdoor ice rink, and a speed skating oval. The South Peace Community Multiplex, a new facility under construction on the outskirts of the city, will replace the swimming pool.[29] Voters approved building the Multiplex in a 2004 referendum which projected its cost at C$21.6 million.[30] The project became controversial when construction began and the cost projection was raised to $35 million.[31] The facility is located close to the city's exhibition grounds, away from residential uses. It features an indoor rodeo arena and a 4,000-seat convention centre/ice arena with skyboxes. Nearby Bear Mountain, located south of the city, provides over 20 km (12 mi) of snowshoeing and cross-country skiing trails, as well as areas for downhill skiing and about 500 km (300 mi) of trails for snowmobiles, mountain bikes, and all-terrain vehicles.

Dawson Creek is served by several regional newspapers. The Dawson Creek Daily News (formerly Peace River Block Daily News) and Fort St. John's Alaska Highway News, both part of the Glacier Ventures chain of local papers, are dailies available in the city. The Northeast News, a free weekly published in Fort St. John, has sub-offices in Dawson Creek and Fort Nelson. The only radio station broadcasting from Dawson Creek is 890 CJDC AM, which first went on air in 1947.[32] Originating in Chetwynd, 94.5 Peace FM (CHET) is rebroadcast in Dawson Creek. The Fort St. John stations 95.1 Energy FM (CHRX), 101.5 The Bear FM (CKNL). A local community group, the Cable 10 Society, operates a community television station. The only other television station is the CBC Television affiliate CJDC-TV, which has been broadcasting from the city since 1959.[33]

Sports

Dawson Creek will be home to a NAHL hockey team called the "Rage" starting in 2010.

Government and politics

The City of Dawson Creek has a council-manager form of municipal government. A six-member council, along with one mayor, is elected at-large every three years. On October 19, 2008, Mayor Calvin Kruk died.[34][35] Kruk had served on the city council for three years before being elected mayor in November 2005, defeating one-term incumbent Wayne Dahlen. In the 2008 municipal elections, Kruk was running for re-election as mayor but after being diagnosed with lung cancer, he ran for a seat on council instead.

In 2007, the city authorized $54 million in expenditures, which paid for services such as sewerage, parks, recreation, road maintenance, snow removal, water treatment, and fire and police protection.[36] For creating its Community Energy Plan, which involved the installation of low-voltage street lights and solar-powered hot water heaters, the city was awarded the Federation of Canadian Municipalities' 2007 Sustainable Community Award.[37] The city is represented in School District 59 by two school board trustees,[38] and the Peace River Regional District by one director.[39]

Dawson Creek is situated in the Peace River South provincial electoral district and is represented by Blair Lekstrom of the British Columbia Liberal Party in the provincial assembly. Lekstrom served as mayor of Dawson Creek between 1996 and 2001. He became a Member of the Legislative Assembly in the 2001 provincial election with 67% support from Dawson Creek polls[40] and was re-elected in 2005 with 57% support from the city.[41] Before Lekstrom, Peace River South was represented by Dawson Creek resident Jack Weisgerber. Weisgerber was first elected in 1986 as a member of the Social Credit Party and served as the province's Minister of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources and Minister of Native Affairs. While the Social Credit Party lost power in 1991, Weisgerber was re-elected and served as interim party leader. He joined the Reform Party of British Columbia in 1994 and won re-election in 1996 as party leader, even though Dawson Creek polls put him in third place behind the BC Liberal Party and New Democratic Party candidates.[42]

Federally, Dawson Creek is located in the Prince George—Peace River riding. The riding is represented in the Canadian House of Commons by Conservative Jay Hill. Before Hill, who was first elected in 1993, the riding was represented by Progressive Conservative Frank Oberle. Oberle served as its Member of Parliament for 20 years.[43]

Canadian federal election, 2006: Dawson Creek polls in Prince George—Peace River[44]
Party Candidate Votes city  % riding %
     Conservative Jay Hill 2,532 64% 60%
     New Democrat Malcolm Crockett 653 16% 17%
     Liberal Nathan Bauder 489 12% 16%
     Green Hilary Crowley 265 6.7% 6.4%
     Independent Donna Young 45 1.1% 0.9%
British Columbia general election, 2005: Dawson Creek polls in Peace River South[41]
Party Candidate Votes city  % riding %
     BC Liberal Blair Lekstrom 2,167 57% 58%
     New Democrat Pat Shaw 1,314 34% 33%
     Green Ariel Lade 338 8.9% 9.5%

References

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  2. ^ "First Traveler Through Dawson, 1879". The News, Progress Edition. 27 April 1979. http://www.calverley.ca/Part05-Dawson%20Creek/5-007.html. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  
  3. ^ Coutts, M. E. (1958). Dawson Creek: Past and Present, An Historical Sketch. Edmonton, AB: Dawson Creek Historical Society.  
  4. ^ Calverley, Dorthea (1983). "The Choice of Terminal for the N.A.R.". Calverley Collection. http://www.calverley.ca/Part05-Dawson%20Creek/5-008.html. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  
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  9. ^ "Northland Industrial Park gets the go-ahead". Peace River Block News. 1982-02-17.  
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    "British Columbia Municipal Census Populations, 1986–1996". BC Stats. http://www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca/data/pop/pop/mun/Mun8696a.asp. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  
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  14. ^ a b Police Services Division (2006). "Police and Crime: Summary Statistics: 1984–2005". Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General, Province of British Columbia. pp. 101, 106–110, 151, 154. http://www.pssg.gov.bc.ca/police_services/publications/. Retrieved 2008-04-16.   ISSN 1198-9971
  15. ^ Agriculture Capability Detailed Description. Provincial Agricultural Land Commission. URL accessed on 17 November 2005.
  16. ^ Wind Power. Peace Energy Co-op. URL accessed on 20 November 2005.
  17. ^ Environment CanadaCanadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 10 July 2009
  18. ^ MacKinnon, J.B. (Fall 2005). "Dawson Creek: Mile Zero, where the buffalo roam". British Columbia Magazine: pp. 17–19.  
  19. ^ Harry Giles, Dawson Creek, "The Cross Roads of the North" The Vancouver Province, 1953.
  20. ^ O'Neill, Terry (2000-03-13). "Exasperation in B.C.". Newsmagazine (Alberta Edition) (49): p. 23.  
  21. ^ "Government rejects lower PST rate for B.C.’s border communities" The Golden Star (January 2006). Retrieved on 10 January 2007.
  22. ^ "Community Highlights for Dawson Creek". 2001 Community Profiles. Statistics Canada. 2007-09-11. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/profil01/CP01/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=5955014&Geo2=PR&Code2=59&Data=Count&SearchText=Dawson%20Creek&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=59&B1=All&Custom=. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  
  23. ^ Dawson Creek & District Chamber of Commerce, (2003). A Socio-economic profile of the South Peace River Region, British Columbia, Canada, p16.
  24. ^ a b City of Dawson Creek and Fisheries Renewal BC, Kiskatinaw River Watershed Plan, May 2003, p28.
  25. ^ Hemmera (November 2006). Application for an Environmental Assessment Certificate for Bear Mountain Wind Park p275–293.
  26. ^ Reed Construction (2006), Municipal redbook: an authoritative reference guide to local government in British Columbia, Burnaby, BC, 27. ISSN 0068-161X
  27. ^ Major Events in Dawson Creek. Tourism Dawson Creek. URL accessed on 17 November 2005.
  28. ^ Agricultural Fair, Rodeo & Exhibition. Dawson Creek Exhibition. URL accessed on 17 November 2005.
  29. ^ South Peace Multiplex. City of Dawson Creek. URL accessed on 17 November 2005.
  30. ^ $21.6 Million Multiplex to be Built in Dawson Creek, CivicInfo BC News, 16 April 2004.
  31. ^ Gary Rusak, Infrastructure Money to go to Multiplex, Peace River Block News, 4 April 2005.
  32. ^ Calverley, Dorthea; Gordon Cummings. "The Birth of RadioO Station CJDC". Calverley Collection. http://www.calverley.ca/Part05-Dawson%20Creek/5-017.html. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  
  33. ^ Neilson, Mark; Day Roberts (1999-01-15). "CJDC-TV Marks 40th Anniversary". Peace River Block Daily News.  
  34. ^ "Dawson Creek Mayor, Calvin Kruk Passes Away". Country 890AM. http://www.cjdccountry.com/news/565/810695. Retrieved 2008-10-19.  
  35. ^ "Dawson Creek mayor dies of lung cancer at 43". cbc.ca. October 19, 2008. http://www.cbc.ca/canada/british-columbia/story/2008/10/19/bc-calvin-kruk-death.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.  
  36. ^ "2007 Annual Budget" (pdf). City of Dawson Creek. 2007. http://www.dawsoncreek.ca/cityhall/departments/finance/documents/AnnualBudgetwebsite.pdf. Retrieved 2007-10-02.  
    "2006 Annual Report: For fiscal year ended December 31, 2006." (PDF). City of Dawson Creek. 2007. pp. 9–30. http://www.dawsoncreek.ca/documents/2007AnnualReport.pdf. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  
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  38. ^ "Board of School Trustees". School District 59 Peace River South. 2005. http://www.sd59.bc.ca/vpage.php?p=content+districtteams+boardoftrustees.html. Retrieved 2007-10-02.  
  39. ^ "Board of Directors". Peace River Regional District. http://www.peaceriverrd.bc.ca/board/index.php. Retrieved 2007-10-02.  
  40. ^ "Peace River South Electoral District" (PDF). Statement of Votes, 2001. Elections BC. 2001. http://www.elections.bc.ca/elections/sov01/pcs.pdf. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  
  41. ^ a b "Peace River South Electoral District" (PDF). Statement of Votes, 2005. Elections BC. 2005. http://www.elections.bc.ca/elections/sov05/pcs.pdf. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  
  42. ^ "Peace River South Electoral District" (PDF). 36th Provincial General Election – May 28, 1996. Elections BC. 1996. http://www.elections.bc.ca/elections/sov05/pcs.pdf. Retrieved 2006-12-08.  
  43. ^ "Oberle, The Hon. Frank, P.C.". Library of Parliament. http://www2.parl.gc.ca/Parlinfo/Files/Parliamentarian.aspx?Item=67f94ff8-9189-41ff-b492-144787d47708&Language=E&Section=FederalExperience. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  
  44. ^ "Prince George—Peace River". Thirty-ninth General Election 2006—Poll-by-poll results, Official Voting Results. Elections BC. 2006. http://www.elections.ca/scripts/OVR2006/default.html. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  

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