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Coordinates: 43°42′28″N 1°03′01″W / 43.707778°N 1.0502778°W / 43.707778; -1.0502778

Commune of Dax

Dax Fontaine chaude2.jpg
Fontaine chaude
Location
Dax, Landes is located in France
Dax, Landes
Administration
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Landes
Arrondissement Dax
Canton Dax
Intercommunality Grand Dax
Mayor Gabriel Bellocq
(2008–2014])
Statistics
Elevation 2–46 m (6.6–150 ft)
(avg. 9 m/30 ft)
Land area1 19.70 km2 (7.61 sq mi)
Population2 19,515  (1999)
 - Density 991 /km2 (2,570 /sq mi)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 40088/ 40100
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Dax is a commune in Aquitaine in south-western France, sub-prefecture of the Landes department.

It is particularly famous as a spa, specialising in mud treatment for rheumatism and similar ailments.

It is also a market town, former bishopric and busy local centre, especially for the Chalosse area.

Place de la cathédrale.

Contents

History

It was first established by the Romans, and its reputation is supposed to date from a visit by Julia, the daughter of the first Emperor Octavian Augustus. Its Roman name was Civitas Aquensium. In the Middle Ages, it was administered by viscounts until 1177. With the acquisition of Aquitaine by Henry II Plantagenet, later King of England, Dax remained under the English rule until 1451, when it was conquered by the French troops before the end of the Hundred Years' War. It successfully withstood a Spanish siege in 1521-1522.

Later Dax kept its tradition of a renowned spa site.

Main sights

  • Roman archaeological crypt, including the foundings of a Roman temple from the second century AD.
  • Remains of the Gaul-Roman walls (4th century)
  • Cathedral of Notre-Dame Ste-Marie
  • Church of Saint-Vincent-de-Xaintes.
  • Fontaine Chaude ("Hot Fountain").

Twin towns

Notable people

See also

References

External links

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