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DH.94 Moth Minor
DH.94 Moth Minor Coupe at Portsmouth Airport in September 1954
Role Tourer/Trainer
Manufacturer de Havilland
First flight 22 June 1937
Number built c.140
Unit cost £575

The de Havilland DH.94 Moth Minor was a 1930s British two-seat tourer/trainer aircraft built by de Havilland at Hatfield Aerodrome, England and by de Havilland Australia at Bankstown Aerodrome, Australia.

Contents

Design and development

The Moth Minor was designed as a low-wing monoplane to replace the biplane Moth series, intended to give similar performance on lower power, and not requiring rigging. Its predecessor was the DH.81 Swallow Moth of 1931, which was not built in series. The wooden prototype of the DH.94 was first flown by Geoffrey de Havilland on 22 June 1937 at Hatfield Aerodrome.[1] Production started and nearly 100 examples had been built by the outbreak of World War II. With a selling price of only £575[1] the Moth Minor was popular with flying clubs keen to acquire modern monoplanes. Nine aircraft were specially-built with hinged coupe tops instead of the normally open cockpit.

As the factory at Hatfield was needed for the war effort the drawings, jigs, components and unfinished aircraft were delivered to the de Havilland factory at Bankstown, Sydney. More than 40 aircraft were produced in Australia.[1]

Civil aircraft operated in the United Kingdom were impressed into wartime service with the Royal Air Force and Fleet Air Arm, one example was used by the United States Army Air Corps. A large number of civil aircraft from the UK were sent to Australia, where they and a handful of locally-built Australian civil aircraft were impressed into the Royal Australian Air Force.[2]

After World War II, several Moth Minors have continued to fly with private owners in the United Kingdom.

Variants

  • DH.94 Moth Minor : Two-seat touring and training aircraft.
  • Moth Minor Coupe : Two-seat touring and training aircraft, with a built-up rear fuselage and hinged cabin top.

Military operators

 Australia
 New Zealand
 United Kingdom
 United States

Specifications

Data from British Civil Aircraft since 1919, Vol 2 [1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two
  • Length: 24 ft 5 in (7.44 m)
  • Wingspan: 36 ft 7 in (11.15 m)
  • Height: 6 ft 4 in (1.93 m)
  • Wing area: 162 ft² (15.05 m²)
  • Empty weight: 983 lb (446 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 1,550 lb (703 kg)
  • Powerplant:de Havilland Gipsy Minor 4-cylinder inline piston engine, 90 hp (67 kw)

Performance

See also

Comparable aircraft

Related lists

References

  1. ^ a b c d Jackson, A.J. (1973). British Civil Aircraft since 1919 Volume 2. London: Putnam. ISBN 0 370 10107 X.  
  2. ^ ADF Serials list of RAAF Moth Minors. Retrieved: 11 December 2008
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing.  

External links

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