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.De facto is a Latin expression that means "by [the] fact". In law, it is meant to mean "in practice but not necessarily ordained by law" or "in practice or actuality, but without being officially established". It is commonly used in contrast to de jure (which means "concerning the law") when referring to matters of law, governance, or technique (such as standards) that are found in the common experience as created or developed without or contrary to a regulation.^ If it is possible to nest, then I would be happy to try using such techniques to work on a few pages , making notes related to TheoryBuilding as I do so.
  • CommunityWiki: Theory Building 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.communitywiki.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The government also failed to establish effective civilian control over the military and was unable to scrutinize the enforcement of abusive special security laws by the military.
  • FACT – Freedom Against Censorship Thailand 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC facthai.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Miss Bell's parents have announced plans to use their daughter's death as a rallying cry against such laws.
  • Abortion - Just Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

When discussing a legal situation, de jure designates what the law says, while de facto designates action of what happens in practice. .It is analogous and similar to the expressions "for all intents and purposes" or "in fact". The term de facto as of governments was created after the Argentine Constitution referred to illegal governments (governing bodies which Argentina did not acknowledge as individual nations) as de facto governments.^ In any case, the 20 polar bear populations need to be looked at individually, in terms of their threats and adaptability, and the management systems that govern their conservation.
  • Facts about Climate Change Science, truth from consensus and climate change skeptics 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.climatechangefacts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We can, in fact, regard all these plants and animals as little else than living or vegetating matters–hardly as organized bodies.
  • The Cell Theory (1853) 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC aleph0.clarku.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In contrast, the software revolution was the result of initiatives by individual entrepreneurial pioneers which were not planned by government and were not part of a conscious national strategy.
  • Social Development Theory 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.icpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The term de facto may also be used when there is no relevant law or standard, but a common and well established practice that is considered the accepted norm.^ Bowornsak denied that there were any double standards in the use of the law in Thailand.
  • FACT – Freedom Against Censorship Thailand 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC facthai.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The people may have existed, but there is no evidence they existed as hijackers.
  • The Facts Speak For Themselves | 911Blogger.com 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.911blogger.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "The contingency theory accepts that no one leadership style can be effective in all situations and thus the style used will be directed by a number of factors.
  • Contingency Theory 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.12manage.com [Source type: Reference]

Contents

Examples

Segregation (during the United States' Civil Rights era)

'De facto' racial discrimination or segregation in the USA during the fifties and sixties was simply discrimination that was not segregation by law (de jure).
.Jim Crow Laws, which were enacted in the 1870s, brought legal racial segregation against African Americans residing in the Southeastern USA.^ In the State of California, it is against the law for anyone under 18 years of age to use a tanning machine without written consent from their parent or legal guardian.
  • Abortion - Just Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These laws were legally ended in 1964 by the Civil Rights Act of 1964.^ Legal Positivism A legal theory that identifies international law with positive acts of state consent.
  • The IR Theory Knowledge Base 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.irtheory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Carhart] and will enshrine in federal law our right to safe, legal abortion.
  • Abortion - Just Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many of these principles of just war are part of the body of international law and thus are legally binding on states and their agents (Viotti, P. and M. Kauppi, (eds.
  • The IR Theory Knowledge Base 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.irtheory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed].
.Continued practices of expecting African Americans to ride in the back of buses or to step aside onto the street if not enough room was present for a Caucasian person and "separate but equal" facilities are instances of de facto segregation.^ If a person pinches hard enough, the poop separates into several turd units.
  • SmellyPoop.com - Facts About Poop 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.smellypoop.com [Source type: General]

The NAACP fought for the de jure law to be upheld and for de facto segregation practices to be abolished.

Standards

A de facto standard is a standard (formal or informal) that has achieved a dominant position, by tradition, enforcement, or market dominance. It has not necessarily received formal approval by way of a standardization process, and may not be an official standard document.

National languages

.Several de facto English-speaking countries have no de jure official national language, such as Australia and the United Kingdom.^ No word in the English language rhymes with month, orange, silver, or purple.
  • Useless Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.pmbc.com [Source type: General]

^ States are interdependent and other actors such as Transnational Corporations, the IMF and the United Nations play a role.
  • The IR Theory Knowledge Base 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.irtheory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Somewhat similarly, two U.S. states have de facto second languages in addition to the de jure standard of English: Spanish in New Mexico and French in Louisiana.^ He spoke English, German, French, Russian, and some Spanish and Chinese; and studied oriental philosophy and religion.
  • The Theory Behind Abc’s ‘Lost’ - Lost Review 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.lostreview.com [Source type: General]

^ The Common Core State Standards Initiative has released its English standards, and the standards are open for comment until October 21st.

^ The one exception is New Mexico, which has a 1969 law on its books that the state attorney general ruled unenforceable in 1990.
  • Abortion - Just Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In addition, although the official language of Ireland is Irish, English is considered to be the de facto language.
.Russian was the de facto official language of the central government and, to a large extent, republican governments of the former Soviet Union, but was not declared de jure state language until 1990. A short-lived law effected April 24, 1990, installed Russian as the sole de jure official language of the Union.^ I live in one of the states that passed a law prior to FACTA giving residents free reports.
  • Facts on FACTA, the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act | Privacy Rights Clearinghouse 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.privacyrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Bush Administration underfunded Nunn-Lugar--the program intended to keep the former Soviet Union's nuclear legacy out of the hands of terrorists and rogue states--by $45.5 million.
  • 100 Facts and 1 Opinion 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: News]

^ In response to the UDD’s violent protests in Pattaya and Bangkok, the government declared a state of emergency on April 11 and 12.
  • FACT – Freedom Against Censorship Thailand 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC facthai.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

[1] Japan is another example of a country with no language recognized de jure.
.Lebanon and Morocco are two examples where the official language is Arabic but an additional de facto language is considered to be French.^ The two-page Thai language letter also claim that his lowly-educated wife has been pressured by some officials into becoming silent.
  • FACT – Freedom Against Censorship Thailand 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC facthai.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

Politics

.A de facto government is a government wherein all the attributes of sovereignty have, by usurpation, been transferred from those who had been legally invested with them to others, who, sustained by a power above the forms of law, claim to act and do really act in their stead.^ Legal Positivism A legal theory that identifies international law with positive acts of state consent.
  • The IR Theory Knowledge Base 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.irtheory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ [Full disclosure -- SLA is on track to graduate 90% of the original students in our starting class from our school (and all the students who have transferred in) -- and I'm amazed by those numbers and the incredible work our students and teachers have put in to get there...

^ In a number of other countries, drug education programs are based on a "harm reduction" model, which seeks to reduce the drug-related harm among those young people who do experiment with drugs.
  • Myths and Facts About Marijuana 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.drugpolicy.org [Source type: Academic]

[2]
.In politics, a de facto leader of a country or region is one who has assumed authority, regardless of whether by lawful, constitutional, or legitimate means; very frequently the term is reserved for those whose power is thought by some faction to be held by unlawful, unconstitutional, or otherwise illegitimate means, often by deposing a previous leader or undermining the rule of a current one.^ The term is used by some to describe the policy of a country in maintaining colonies and dominance over distant lands, regardless of whether the country calls itself an empire" (Dictionary.LaborLawTalk.com).
  • Introduction to Modern Literary Theory 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kristisiegel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Those who think abortion should be generally illegal often use the terms "unborn child" and "unborn baby."
  • Abortion - Just Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Modern societies are far more free and tolerant than those of previous centuries, yet they continue to exert a very powerful force on their members; only, the character of that force has changed.
  • Social Development Theory 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.icpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.De facto leaders need not hold a constitutional office, and may exercise power in an informal manner.^ This perspective holds that ideological, as well as material, factors may constitute 'power' (e.g.
  • The IR Theory Knowledge Base 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.irtheory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Not all dictators are de facto rulers. .For example, Augusto Pinochet of Chile initially came to power as the chairperson of a military junta, which briefly made him de facto leader of Chile, but then he later amended the nation's constitution and made himself president for life, making him the formal and legal ruler of Chile.^ WAlt projected himself to the 4 toed people by mistake, unable to control his powers on the island, making things appear like the polar bear…etc.
  • The Theory Behind Abc’s ‘Lost’ - Lost Review 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.lostreview.com [Source type: General]

^ Saurfang was originally going to be made into a tier 3 raid boss but Blizzard was too afraid of what he would do if they suggested making him killable.
  • Saurfang facts - WoWWiki - Your guide to the World of Warcraft 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.wowwiki.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The National Right to Life Political Action Committee has endorsed John McCain for president and stated that it "strongly opposes Barack Obama."
  • Abortion - Just Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Similarly, Saddam Hussein's formal rule of Iraq is often recorded as beginning in 1979, the year he assumed the Presidency of Iraq. .However, his de facto rule of the nation began at an earlier date—during his time as vice president he exercised a great deal of power at the expense of the elderly, legal ruler, Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr.^ Under oath, at the Douglas Walsh Trial, Hayden Covington (former vice president of the Watch Tower Society) gave this testimony concerning the 1874 date: .
  • Facts Jehovah's Witnesses Don't Want You to Know 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.4jehovah.org [Source type: Original source]

^ According to Mineta, "during the time that the airplane was coming in to the Pentagon, there was a young man who would come in and say to the Vice President, "The plane is 50 miles out."
  • The Facts Speak For Themselves | 911Blogger.com 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.911blogger.com [Source type: Original source]

.Another example of a de facto ruler is someone who is not the actual ruler, but exerts great or total influence over the true ruler, which is quite common in monarchies.^ The proposition that Socrates is not a philosopher is made true, on his view, by the fact that the atomic facts which actually obtain are all the atomic facts there are—a totality fact.
  • Facts (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Actually the proposition is not quite true, for what about radiant heat?
  • The Identity Theory of Mind (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Some examples of these de facto rulers are Empress Dowager Cixi of China (for son Tongzhi and nephew Guangxu Emperors), Prince Alexander Menshikov (for his former lover Empress Catherine I of Russia), Cardinal Richelieu of France (for Louis XIII), and Queen Marie Caroline of Naples and Sicily (for her husband King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies).^ States and social revolutions: A comparative analysis of France, Russia, and China .
  • Who Rules America: Alternative Theories 23 September 2009 3:49 UTC sociology.ucsc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand led to World War I. He was Hapsburg Emperor Franz Josef Ferdinand's nephew and would have been next to rule.
  • Czech Fun Facts from Little Prague Bohemian Restaurant 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.littleprague.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some notable true de facto leaders have been Deng Xiaoping of the People's Republic of China and General Manuel Noriega of Panama.^ Is it true that some people never fart?
  • Facts on Farts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.heptune.com [Source type: Original source]

.Both of these men exercised near-total control over their respective nations for many years, despite not having either legal constitutional office or the legal authority to exercise power.^ Seven of the eight US presidents who have died in office - either through illness or assassination - were elected at precisely 20-year intervals.

^ Despite these differences, development in both fields has followed a similar course.
  • Social Development Theory 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.icpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His site bibliography proves he has done nothing in excess of having watched a couple of videos and believed word-for-word Larry Kusches near 30 year old book .

.These individuals are today commonly recorded as the "leaders" of their respective nations; recording their legal, correct title would not give an accurate assessment of their power.^ If both of these numbers are accurate, it would mean that 71% of the legal abortion-related deaths in the United States occurred in one city where about 3% of the population lived.
  • Abortion - Just Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If it's found the genes of these animals are closer to today's dogs than to wolves, this would indicate dog domestication happened in Neanderthals.
  • The Neanderthal theory of autism, Asperger and ADHD 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.rdos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Terms like strongman or dictator are often used to refer to de facto rulers of this sort.^ Those who think abortion should be generally illegal often use the terms "unborn child" and "unborn baby."
  • Abortion - Just Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is also no evidence that bin Laden used the term “Al Qaeda” to refer to the name of a group until after September the 11th, when he realized that this was the term the Americans have given it.
  • The Facts Speak For Themselves | 911Blogger.com 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.911blogger.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Throughout this guide we use the terms "law" and "regulations" or "rules" when referring to new consumer rights under FACTA. For consumers trying to understand the process, this can be confusing.
  • Facts on FACTA, the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act | Privacy Rights Clearinghouse 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.privacyrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The term de facto head of state is sometimes used to describe the office of a governor general in the Commonwealth realms, since the holder of that office has the same responsibilities in their country as the de jure head of state (the sovereign) does within the United Kingdom.^ This survey was done on Guam, and Guam is technically part of the United States, and most people here probably use American toilet habits.
  • SmellyPoop.com - Facts About Poop 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.smellypoop.com [Source type: General]

^ The term is used by some to describe the policy of a country in maintaining colonies and dominance over distant lands, regardless of whether the country calls itself an empire" (Dictionary.LaborLawTalk.com).
  • Introduction to Modern Literary Theory 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kristisiegel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The term transnational is used both to label the actor (for example, a transnational actor) or a pattern of behavior (for example, an international organisation that acts transnationally - operates across state borders).
  • The IR Theory Knowledge Base 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.irtheory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the Westminster system of government, executive authority is often split between a de jure executive authority of a head of state and a de facto executive authority of a prime minister and cabinet who implement executive powers in the name of the de jure executive authority.^ Page 12: "Each state's reporting requirements identify certain individuals who are required to notify the authorities of suspected abuse.
  • Abortion - Just Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unfortunately, this period is not highlighted by Strauss and Howe, who split the life cycle between "youth" and "rising adulthood" at age 22.
  • Generational Cycles in Mass Psychology 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC crab.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Government, social and cultural authority as expressed through social norms, systems, institutions, laws, customs, and values determine the effectiveness with which surplus energy is converted by society into productive power.
  • Social Development Theory 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.icpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the United Kingdom, the Sovereign is the de jure executive authority, even though executive decisions are made by the elected Prime Minister and his Cabinet on the Sovereign's behalf, hence the term Her Majesty's Government.^ Not even 108 is a prime number, though I could be wrong.
  • The Theory Behind Abc’s ‘Lost’ - Lost Review 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.lostreview.com [Source type: General]

^ The task force met with what appears to be every oil executive in existence, even though they denied it before Congress.
  • The Facts Speak For Themselves | 911Blogger.com 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.911blogger.com [Source type: Original source]

.The de facto boundaries of a country are defined by the area that its government is actually able to enforce its laws in, and to defend against encroachments by other countries that may also claim the same territory de jure.^ Tax returns are not the same as "middle class families," however, whatever the Obama camp may claim.

^ But Google is still blocking certain content in other countries at the demand of their governments.
  • FACT – Freedom Against Censorship Thailand 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC facthai.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A basically thwarted man may actually be defined as a 'sick' man, if we wish.
  • Classics in the History of Psychology -- A. H. Maslow (1943) A Theory of Human Motivation 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC psychclassics.yorku.ca [Source type: Original source]

The line of control in Kashmir is an example of a de facto boundary. .As well as cases of border disputes, de facto boundaries may also arise in relatively unpopulated areas when the border was never formally established, or when the agreed border was never surveyed and its exact position is unclear.^ If the physiological needs are relatively well gratified, there then emerges a new set of needs, which we may categorize roughly as the safety needs.
  • Classics in the History of Psychology -- A. H. Maslow (1943) A Theory of Human Motivation 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC psychclassics.yorku.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ That's why we may never know the exact number of child victims.

^ For Heidegger or Hans Georg Gadamer (GAH-de-mer), then, a valid interpretation may become irrecoverable and will always be relative.
  • Introduction to Modern Literary Theory 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kristisiegel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The same concepts may also apply to a boundary between provinces or other subdivisions of a federal state.^ This Act applies to every Federal, State, and local statute, ordinance, regulation, administrative order, decision, policy, practice, or other action enacted, adopted, or implemented before, on, or after the date of enactment of this Act.
  • Abortion - Just Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What is the relation between facts, on the one hand, and concrete events, processes and states, on the other hand?
  • Facts (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One objection to the view that the judgement that Sam is sad represents a state of affairs is that although the judger arguably thinks of Sam and of his sadness, he may not possess any concept of a state of affairs.
  • Facts (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Similarly, a nation with de facto independence, like Somaliland, is one that is not recognized by other nations or by international bodies, even though it has its own government that exercises absolute control over its claimed territory.^ In like manner, an abstract control-fiber for each part of speech governs all the members within the class of that part of speech.
  • Theory of Cognitivity - Basis of Mind.Forth Robot AI and Mind.html Tutorial AI 23 September 2009 3:49 UTC mind.sourceforge.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Should not stop breathing even though it would be one of the most immediate steps to slow CO2 emissions.
  • Facts about Climate Change Science, truth from consensus and climate change skeptics 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.climatechangefacts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rapid economic progress in North America and Europe after the Second World War, which was followed by even more stunning achievements in Japan and other East Asian nations, imbued governments and the international community with the confidence that development was primarily a question of money, technology, industrialization and political will.
  • Social Development Theory 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.icpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3][4][5][6][7]
An example with de facto was in the conservative ideals of Republicans in the nineteen hundreds. .During this time many conservative republicans felt that by cutting taxes, and balancing the budget can bring back prosperity.^ I move amongst a great many spaces, during different time Periods (some of which are Wikis).
  • CommunityWiki: Theory Building 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.communitywiki.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Note that, in contrast to his Republican rival, he does not claim that he will balance the federal budget after four years.

However the dejure was completely different. The balancing of the budget in the roaring twenties was a cause for the depression, and there was Nixon's initial conservative ways of cutting taxes. Both of these ended in failure, and let to Keynesian economics. .The only one anomaly is in Eisenhower, he was one of the few presidents who was able to make this de facto into the dejure.^ High Overlord Saurfang can make a triple play in baseball, with only the batter and one other runner.
  • Saurfang facts - WoWWiki - Your guide to the World of Warcraft 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.wowwiki.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The idea is that each player gains when both cooperate, but if only one of them cooperates, the other one, who defects, will gain more.
  • The IR Theory Knowledge Base 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.irtheory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We asked several individuals if we could use their pictures and Life Issues was the only one who gave us permission.
  • Abortion - Just Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Other usages

.A de facto monopoly is a system where many suppliers of a product are allowed, but the market is so completely dominated by one that the others might as well not exist.^ One group of scientists (Guevara, Glass, and Schrier, 1981) have experimented with cardiofibrillation and how the heart displays the same chaotic characteristics of other nonlinear systems.

^ One rule of my system to keep in mind when choosing Hue, by the way, is that no two of the four colors chosen can be adjacent to each other on Munsell's wheel.
  • PAINTING THEORY of Peter Hubbard 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.petehubbard.com [Source type: General]

^ The view that facts make propositions or other truth-bearers true is one theory among many of truthmaking.
  • Facts (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.(Similarly for related terms such as "oligopoly" and "monopsony".) This is the type of situation that antitrust laws are intended to eliminate, when they are used.^ If it is possible to nest, then I would be happy to try using such techniques to work on a few pages , making notes related to TheoryBuilding as I do so.
  • CommunityWiki: Theory Building 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.communitywiki.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Herein, states are the only official 'subjects' or 'persons' of international law because they have the capacity to enter into legal relations and to have legal rights and duties.
  • The IR Theory Knowledge Base 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.irtheory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The picture that the FBI want to build up is one that will fit the existing laws that they will have to use to prosecute those responsible for the bombing.
  • The Facts Speak For Themselves | 911Blogger.com 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.911blogger.com [Source type: Original source]

A domestic partner outside marriage is referred to as a de facto husband or wife by some authorities.[8] .In Australia and New Zealand, de facto has become a term for one's domestic partner.^ Australia has more than 28 times the land area of New Zealand , but its coastline is not even twice as long.
  • NationMaster - Interesting Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.nationmaster.com [Source type: News]

^ Australia – New Zealand Mathematics Convention , December 8–12, 2008, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand .
  • NEW LISTINGS, NUMBER THEORY WEB 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.numbertheory.org [Source type: Academic]

.In Australian law, it is the legally recognized relationship of a couple living together.^ A live child born as a result of an abortion shall be fully recognized as a human person and accorded immediate protection under the law.
  • Abortion - Just Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This is comparable to common-law marriage, which is used in most other English-speaking countries.^ Most prevention efforts today are being geared to preventing the initial use of alcohol and other drugs among young people (DuPont 1990).
  • Archived: Theories, Dominant Models, and the Need for Applied Research 23 September 2009 3:49 UTC www.ed.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Utopia” is sometimes used pejoratively, in reference to an unrealistic ideal that is impossible to achieve, and has spawned other concepts, most prominently dystopia.” [Wikipedia] .
  • The Theory Behind Abc’s ‘Lost’ - Lost Review 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.lostreview.com [Source type: General]

^ And the other happy discovery was that by just using two types of GRID proportions, the 4:3 and the Golden Ratio, I could handle most any shape IMAGE I wanted.
  • PAINTING THEORY of Peter Hubbard 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.petehubbard.com [Source type: General]

See also

References

  1. ^ "USSR Law "On the Languages of the Peoples of USSR"" (in Russian). http://www.bestpravo.ru/ussr/data01/tex10935.htm. 
  2. ^ 30 Am Jur 181. Law Dictionary, James A. Ballentine, Second Edition, 1948, p. 345.
  3. ^ Arieff, Alexis (November 2008). "De facto Statehood? The Strange Case of Somaliland". Yale Journal of International Affairs. http://yalejournal.org/article/de-facto-statehood-strange-case-somaliland. Retrieved 2010-01-04. 
  4. ^ Wiren, Robert (April 2008). "France recognizes de facto Somaliland". Les Nouvelles d'Addis Magazine. http://www.lesnouvelles.org/P10_magazine/15_grandentretien/15055_mahamudsalahnur_eng.html. Retrieved 2010-01-04. 
  5. ^ "The Digital Somali Library". Indiana University. http://www.indiana.edu/~libsalc/african/Digital_Somali_Library/internet.html. Retrieved 2010-01-04. 
  6. ^ Noor, Saad (June 2008). "Somaliland: Past, Present and Future". United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs. http://allafrica.com/download/resource/main/main/id/00010917.pdf. Retrieved 2010-01-04. 
  7. ^ Cooper, Jason (May 2007). "Somaliland Requests International Recognition". The Somaliland Times. http://www.somalilandtimes.net/sl/2007/277/091.shtml. Retrieved 2010-01-04. 
  8. ^ Walker Lenore E.A. "Battered Woman Syndrome. Empirical Findings". Violence and Exploitation Against Women and Girls, November 2006, p. 142.

Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

De facto is a Latin expression that means "of the fact" or "in practice" but not ordained by law. .It is commonly used in contrast to de jure (which means "by law") when referring to matters of law, governance, or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without or contrary to a regulation.^ Miss Bell's parents have announced plans to use their daughter's death as a rallying cry against such laws.
  • Abortion - Just Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The government’s double standards in law enforcement worsened political tensions and deepened polarization.
  • FACT – Freedom Against Censorship Thailand 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC facthai.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Feigl and Smart put the matter more in terms of the distinction between meaning and reference.
  • The Identity Theory of Mind (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

When discussing a legal situation, de jure designates what the law says, while de facto designates action of what happens in practice. It is analogous and similar to the expressions "for all intents and purposes" and "in practice"
.The term de facto may also be used when there is no relevant law or standard, but a common practice is well established, although not universal.^ Bowornsak denied that there were any double standards in the use of the law in Thailand.
  • FACT – Freedom Against Censorship Thailand 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC facthai.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If Saurfang says there is no Cow Level , then there damn well better not be a Cow Level!
  • Saurfang facts - WoWWiki - Your guide to the World of Warcraft 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.wowwiki.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The people may have existed, but there is no evidence they existed as hijackers.
  • The Facts Speak For Themselves | 911Blogger.com 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.911blogger.com [Source type: Original source]

.For example, English is the most common language in the United States, but is not the official national language.^ The United States is a remarkably charitable nation.
  • International Association of Teamwork Facilitators: Theory 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.teachmeteamwork.com [Source type: General]

^ This survey was done on Guam, and Guam is technically part of the United States, and most people here probably use American toilet habits.
  • SmellyPoop.com - Facts About Poop 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.smellypoop.com [Source type: General]

^ The United States puts 0.7 % of its population in Prison - a vastly higher percentage than any other nation.
  • NationMaster - Interesting Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.nationmaster.com [Source type: News]

Contents

Examples

Standards

A de facto standard is a standard (formal or informal) that has achieved a dominant position, as a tradition, or by enforcement, or market dominance. It has not necessarily received formal approval by way of a standardization process, and may not be an official standard document.
In social sciences, it is a usual solution for a coordination problem.[1] .De facto standard is the better choice into situations in which all parties can realize mutual gains only by making mutually consistent decisions.^ In a world without sense, all choices are possible, a situation which Sartre viewed as human beings central dilemma: "Man [woman] is condemned to be free."
  • Introduction to Modern Literary Theory 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kristisiegel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Poliheuristic Theory of Foreign Policy Decision Making Poliheuristic theory suggests that leaders simplify their choice problems according to a two-stage decision process.
  • The IR Theory Knowledge Base 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.irtheory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An organizational / leadership / decision making style that is effective in some situations , may be not successful in other situations.
  • Contingency Theory 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.12manage.com [Source type: Reference]

National languages

.Several de facto English-speaking countries, including the United Kingdom and Australia have no de jure official national language.^ On June 26th, 1945, the charter of the United Nations was signed by 50 countries in San Francisco.

^ Several species of tropical hardwoods are imported by developed counties, including the United States, just to build coffins that are then buried or burned.
  • Rainforest Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.rain-tree.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In New Zealand, there are three official languages (English, Maori, and the local version of sign language).^ There is a seven letter word in the English language that contains ten words without rearranging any of its letters, "therein": the, there, he, in, rein, her, here, here, ere, therein, herein.
  • Useless Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.pmbc.com [Source type: General]

^ There are only four words in the English language which end in "-dous": tremendous, horrendous, stupendous, and hazardous.
  • Useless Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.pmbc.com [Source type: General]

^ Deborah Winger did the voice of E.T. There is a word in the English language with only one vowel, which occurs six times: Indivisibility.
  • Useless Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.pmbc.com [Source type: General]

.In the United States, twenty five states have declared English an official language, with Hawaii using Hawaiian and English as official languages.^ This survey was done on Guam, and Guam is technically part of the United States, and most people here probably use American toilet habits.
  • SmellyPoop.com - Facts About Poop 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.smellypoop.com [Source type: General]

^ This is an Islamic Jihadist movement that has been organized since the early 1990s, declared war on the United States twice, in ‘96 and ‘98.
  • The Facts Speak For Themselves | 911Blogger.com 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.911blogger.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The sentence "the quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog" uses every letter in the English language.
  • Useless Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.pmbc.com [Source type: General]

.However, two US states also have de facto second languages: Spanish in New Mexico and French in Louisiana.^ (The text of the charter was in five languages: Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.

^ The one exception is New Mexico, which has a 1969 law on its books that the state attorney general ruled unenforceable in 1990.
  • Abortion - Just Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Similarly, in the former Soviet Union, Russian was the official language de facto, but not de jure. Sweden is another example of a country with no language recognized de jure.
.Lebanon and Morocco are two more examples, where in both countries the official language is Arabic but an additional de facto language is considered to be French.^ What we have claimed is that the person will want the more basic of two needs when deprived in both.
  • Classics in the History of Psychology -- A. H. Maslow (1943) A Theory of Human Motivation 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC psychclassics.yorku.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ The two-page Thai language letter also claim that his lowly-educated wife has been pressured by some officials into becoming silent.
  • FACT – Freedom Against Censorship Thailand 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC facthai.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Golden Arches Theory of Conflict Prevention Thomas Friedman's theory that no two countries that both had McDonald's had fought a war against each other since each got its McDonald's.
  • The IR Theory Knowledge Base 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.irtheory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Politics

.A de facto government is a government wherein all the attributes of sovereignty have, by usurpation, been transferred from those who had been legally invested with them to others, who, sustained by a power above the forms of law, claim to act and do really act in their stead.^ Legal Positivism A legal theory that identifies international law with positive acts of state consent.
  • The IR Theory Knowledge Base 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.irtheory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ [Full disclosure -- SLA is on track to graduate 90% of the original students in our starting class from our school (and all the students who have transferred in) -- and I'm amazed by those numbers and the incredible work our students and teachers have put in to get there...

^ In a number of other countries, drug education programs are based on a "harm reduction" model, which seeks to reduce the drug-related harm among those young people who do experiment with drugs.
  • Myths and Facts About Marijuana 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.drugpolicy.org [Source type: Academic]

[2]
.In politics, a de facto leader of a country or region is one who has assumed authority, regardless of whether by lawful, constitutional, or legitimate means; very frequently the term is reserved for those whose power is thought by some faction to be held by unlawful, unconstitutional, or otherwise illegitimate means, often by deposing a previous leader or undermining the rule of a current one.^ By good ones, the ‘Others’ mean those who bleed Chocolate.
  • The Theory Behind Abc’s ‘Lost’ - Lost Review 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.lostreview.com [Source type: General]

^ Those folks who acquire the term "Wise Beyond Their Years" often have had to get there the hard way.

^ The term is used by some to describe the policy of a country in maintaining colonies and dominance over distant lands, regardless of whether the country calls itself an empire" (Dictionary.LaborLawTalk.com).
  • Introduction to Modern Literary Theory 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kristisiegel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.De facto leaders need not hold a constitutional office, and may exercise power in an informal manner.^ This perspective holds that ideological, as well as material, factors may constitute 'power' (e.g.
  • The IR Theory Knowledge Base 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.irtheory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Not all dictators are de facto rulers. .For example, Augusto Pinochet of Chile initially came to power as the chairperson of a military junta, which briefly made him de facto leader of Chile, but then he later amended the nation's constitution and made himself President, making him the formal and legal ruler of Chile.^ WAlt projected himself to the 4 toed people by mistake, unable to control his powers on the island, making things appear like the polar bear…etc.
  • The Theory Behind Abc’s ‘Lost’ - Lost Review 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.lostreview.com [Source type: General]

^ Saurfang was originally going to be made into a tier 3 raid boss but Blizzard was too afraid of what he would do if they suggested making him killable.
  • Saurfang facts - WoWWiki - Your guide to the World of Warcraft 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.wowwiki.com [Source type: Original source]

^ President Bush's top legal adviser wrote a memo to the President advising him that he can legally authorize torture.
  • 100 Facts and 1 Opinion 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: News]

Similarly, Saddam Hussein's formal rule of Iraq is often recorded as beginning in 1979, the year he assumed the Presidency of Iraq. .However, in practice his de facto rule of the nation began at an earlier date, as during his time as vice president he exercised a great deal of power at the expense of the elderly Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr.^ Under oath, at the Douglas Walsh Trial, Hayden Covington (former vice president of the Watch Tower Society) gave this testimony concerning the 1874 date: .
  • Facts Jehovah's Witnesses Don't Want You to Know 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.4jehovah.org [Source type: Original source]

^ According to Mineta, "during the time that the airplane was coming in to the Pentagon, there was a young man who would come in and say to the Vice President, "The plane is 50 miles out."
  • The Facts Speak For Themselves | 911Blogger.com 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.911blogger.com [Source type: Original source]

.Another example of a de facto ruler is someone who is not the actual ruler, but exerts great or total influence over the true ruler, which is quite common in monarchies.^ The proposition that Socrates is not a philosopher is made true, on his view, by the fact that the atomic facts which actually obtain are all the atomic facts there are—a totality fact.
  • Facts (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Actually the proposition is not quite true, for what about radiant heat?
  • The Identity Theory of Mind (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Some examples of these de facto rulers are Empress Dowager Cixi of China (for son Tongzhi and nephew Guangxu Emperors), Prince Alexander Menshikov (for his former lover Empress Catherine I of Russia), Cardinal Richelieu of France (for Louis XIII), and Queen Marie Caroline of Naples and Sicily (for her husband King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies).^ The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand led to World War I. He was Hapsburg Emperor Franz Josef Ferdinand's nephew and would have been next to rule.
  • Czech Fun Facts from Little Prague Bohemian Restaurant 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.littleprague.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some notable true de facto leaders have been Deng Xiaoping of the People's Republic of China and General Manuel Noriega of Panama.^ Is it true that some people never fart?
  • Facts on Farts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.heptune.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Says: December 8th, 2007 at 2:15 am i think that some of you people need too get a life and stop fighting over some TRUE facts!!!!
  • 50 Interesting Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.hemmy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Both of these men exercised near-total control over their respective nations for many years, despite not having either legal constitutional office or the legal authority to exercise power.^ Seven of the eight US presidents who have died in office - either through illness or assassination - were elected at precisely 20-year intervals.

^ Despite these differences, development in both fields has followed a similar course.
  • Social Development Theory 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.icpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His site bibliography proves he has done nothing in excess of having watched a couple of videos and believed word-for-word Larry Kusches near 30 year old book .

.These individuals are today commonly recorded as the "leaders" of their respective nations; recording their legal, correct title would not give an accurate assessment of their power.^ If both of these numbers are accurate, it would mean that 71% of the legal abortion-related deaths in the United States occurred in one city where about 3% of the population lived.
  • Abortion - Just Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If it's found the genes of these animals are closer to today's dogs than to wolves, this would indicate dog domestication happened in Neanderthals.
  • The Neanderthal theory of autism, Asperger and ADHD 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.rdos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Terms like strongman or dictator are often used to refer to de facto rulers of this sort.^ There is also no evidence that bin Laden used the term “Al Qaeda” to refer to the name of a group until after September the 11th, when he realized that this was the term the Americans have given it.
  • The Facts Speak For Themselves | 911Blogger.com 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.911blogger.com [Source type: Original source]

^ {The terms "potential life" and "potentiality of life" are used throughout the ruling in reference to pre-born humans at all stages of development.
  • Abortion - Just Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Used the term "potentiality of human life" in reference to preborn humans who are capable of living outside the mother's womb.
  • Abortion - Just Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The term de facto head of state is sometimes used to describe the office of a governor general in the Commonwealth Realms, since the holder of that office has the same responsibilities in their country as the de jure head of state (the sovereign) does within the United Kingdom.^ This survey was done on Guam, and Guam is technically part of the United States, and most people here probably use American toilet habits.
  • SmellyPoop.com - Facts About Poop 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.smellypoop.com [Source type: General]

^ The term is used by some to describe the policy of a country in maintaining colonies and dominance over distant lands, regardless of whether the country calls itself an empire" (Dictionary.LaborLawTalk.com).
  • Introduction to Modern Literary Theory 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kristisiegel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Finally, the coding system used by national vital statistics and states to describe maternal deaths includes a combination of outcomes of pregnancy (e.g.
  • Abortion - Just Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the Westminster System of government, executive authority is often split between a de jure executive authority of a head of state and a de facto executive authority of a Prime Minister and Cabinet who implement executive powers in the name of the de jure executive authority.^ Page 12: "Each state's reporting requirements identify certain individuals who are required to notify the authorities of suspected abuse.
  • Abortion - Just Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Government, social and cultural authority as expressed through social norms, systems, institutions, laws, customs, and values determine the effectiveness with which surplus energy is converted by society into productive power.
  • Social Development Theory 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.icpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Constructivism Constructivist theory rejects the basic assumption of neo-realist theory that the state of anarchy (lack of a higher authority or government) is a structural condition inherent in the system of states.
  • The IR Theory Knowledge Base 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.irtheory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the United Kingdom, the British Sovereign is the de jure executive authority, even though executive decisions are made by the Prime Minister and his Cabinet on the Sovereign's behalf, hence the term "Her Majesty's Government".
.The de facto boundaries of a country are defined by the area that its government is actually able to enforce its laws in, and to defend against encroachments by other countries that may also claim the same territory de jure.^ Tax returns are not the same as "middle class families," however, whatever the Obama camp may claim.

^ But Google is still blocking certain content in other countries at the demand of their governments.
  • FACT – Freedom Against Censorship Thailand 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC facthai.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A basically thwarted man may actually be defined as a 'sick' man, if we wish.
  • Classics in the History of Psychology -- A. H. Maslow (1943) A Theory of Human Motivation 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC psychclassics.yorku.ca [Source type: Original source]

The line of control in Kashmir is an example of a de facto boundary. .As well as cases of border disputes, de facto boundaries may also arise in relatively unpopulated areas when the border was never formally established, or when the agreed border was never surveyed and its exact position is unclear.^ If the physiological needs are relatively well gratified, there then emerges a new set of needs, which we may categorize roughly as the safety needs.
  • Classics in the History of Psychology -- A. H. Maslow (1943) A Theory of Human Motivation 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC psychclassics.yorku.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Society accepted the new activity and established formal organizations (in one case public, in the other private) to support the new activity on a wide scale.
  • Social Development Theory 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.icpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The same concepts may also apply to a boundary between provinces or other subdivisions of a federal state.^ This Act applies to every Federal, State, and local statute, ordinance, regulation, administrative order, decision, policy, practice, or other action enacted, adopted, or implemented before, on, or after the date of enactment of this Act.
  • Abortion - Just Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What is the relation between facts, on the one hand, and concrete events, processes and states, on the other hand?
  • Facts (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One objection to the view that the judgement that Sam is sad represents a state of affairs is that although the judger arguably thinks of Sam and of his sadness, he may not possess any concept of a state of affairs.
  • Facts (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Similarly, a nation with de facto independence, like Somaliland, is one that is not recognized by other nations or by international bodies, even though it has its own government that exercises absolute control over its claimed territory.^ In like manner, an abstract control-fiber for each part of speech governs all the members within the class of that part of speech.
  • Theory of Cognitivity - Basis of Mind.Forth Robot AI and Mind.html Tutorial AI 23 September 2009 3:49 UTC mind.sourceforge.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rapid economic progress in North America and Europe after the Second World War, which was followed by even more stunning achievements in Japan and other East Asian nations, imbued governments and the international community with the confidence that development was primarily a question of money, technology, industrialization and political will.
  • Social Development Theory 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.icpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Independent people, often possessing degrees in one of the sciences, have made their own, sometimes truncated study.

Other usages

.A de facto monopoly is a system where many suppliers of a product are allowed, but the market is so completely dominated by one that the others might as well not exist.^ (I have used forums and other systems over many years, I use them every now and then, but I know that they can’t produce that effect) “to wiki” means to be active and to be reactive at times.
  • CommunityWiki: Theory Building 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.communitywiki.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One group of scientists (Guevara, Glass, and Schrier, 1981) have experimented with cardiofibrillation and how the heart displays the same chaotic characteristics of other nonlinear systems.

^ For some specialties such as employment and rental history, there are many companies that meet the definition of consumer reporting agency and that follow the FCRA. Other specialties are dominated by one or two companies, such as the following: .
  • Facts on FACTA, the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act | Privacy Rights Clearinghouse 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.privacyrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(Similarly for related terms such as oligopoly and monopsony.) .This is the type of situation that antitrust laws are intended to eliminate, when they are used.^ The picture that the FBI want to build up is one that will fit the existing laws that they will have to use to prosecute those responsible for the bombing.
  • The Facts Speak For Themselves | 911Blogger.com 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.911blogger.com [Source type: Original source]

A domestic partner outside marriage is referred to as a de facto husband or wife by some authorities.[3] .In Australia and New Zealand, de facto has become a term for one's domestic partner.^ Australia has more than 28 times the land area of New Zealand , but its coastline is not even twice as long.
  • NationMaster - Interesting Facts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.nationmaster.com [Source type: News]

^ Australia – New Zealand Mathematics Convention , December 8–12, 2008, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand .
  • NEW LISTINGS, NUMBER THEORY WEB 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.numbertheory.org [Source type: Academic]

It is a legally recognised relationship of a couple living together in Australian law, e.g. ."This is my defacto, Rachel". This is equivalent to the term common-law husband or wife used in most other English-speaking countries.^ And the other happy discovery was that by just using two types of GRID proportions, the 4:3 and the Golden Ratio, I could handle most any shape IMAGE I wanted.
  • PAINTING THEORY of Peter Hubbard 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.petehubbard.com [Source type: General]

^ Most marijuana users never use any other illegal drug.
  • Myths and Facts About Marijuana 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.drugpolicy.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The others most likely found Kelvins body and took what they wanted from him, just like they searched Henry Gales body to get his name and identification to use.
  • The Theory Behind Abc’s ‘Lost’ - Lost Review 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.lostreview.com [Source type: General]

However, if the relationship is indeed recognized by law, then it would be de jure, and thus "de facto" is a misnomer.
Countries sometimes receive de facto (informal) recognition from other countries which may lead to de jure (formal) recognition.

de jure

De jure (in Classical Latin de iure and not to be confused with soupe du jour) is an expression that means "of law", as contrasted with de facto, which means "in fact".
.The terms de jure and de facto are used instead of "in principle" and "in practice", respectively, when one is describing political or legal situations.^ One first gives the notion of a normal human percipient with respect to colour for which there are objective tests in terms of ability to make discriminations with respect to colour.
  • The Identity Theory of Mind (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Cosmopolitanism The word cosmopolitan, which derives from the Greek word kosmopolits (citizen of the world), has been used to describe a wide variety of important views in moral and socio-political philosophy.
  • The IR Theory Knowledge Base 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.irtheory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thick description - a term developed by Clifford Geertz; [from Charles Bressler - see General Resources below]: a "term used to describe the seemingly insignificant details present in any cultural practice.
  • Introduction to Modern Literary Theory 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kristisiegel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In a legal context, de jure is also translated as "by law". A practice may exist de facto, where for example the people obey a contract as though there were a law enforcing it yet there is no such law.^ The people may have existed, but there is no evidence they existed as hijackers.
  • The Facts Speak For Themselves | 911Blogger.com 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.911blogger.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Emperor Claudius even passed a law legalizing farting at banquets out of concern for people's health.  There was a widespread belief that a person could be poisoned or catch a disease by retaining farts.
  • Facts on Farts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.heptune.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no actual evidence that al Qaeda exists.
  • The Facts Speak For Themselves | 911Blogger.com 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.911blogger.com [Source type: Original source]

A process known as "desuetude" may allow de facto practices to replace obsolete laws. .On the other hand, practices may exist de jure and not be obeyed or observed by the people.^ The people may have existed, but there is no evidence they existed as hijackers.
  • The Facts Speak For Themselves | 911Blogger.com 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.911blogger.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the other hand, if you are inhaling farts in the open air and are breathing rapidly in order to inhale as much fart as possible, you may be hyperventilating, which also induces dizziness.
  • Facts on Farts 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.heptune.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the other hand, the "vis essentialis" appears to have essentially different and independent ends in view–if we may for the nonce speak metaphorically–in thus separating the endoplast from the periplast.
  • The Cell Theory (1853) 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC aleph0.clarku.edu [Source type: Original source]

References

  1. ^ Edna Ullmann-Margalit: The Emergence of Norms, Oxford Un. Press, 1977. (or Clarendon Press 1978)
  2. ^ 30 Am Jur 181. Law Dictionary, James A. Ballentine, Second Edition, 1948, page 345.
  3. ^ Walker Lenore E.A. "Battered Woman Syndrome. Empirical Findings". Violence and Exploitation Against Women and Girls, November 2006, page 142.
.This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).^ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License .
  • CommunityWiki: Theory Building 23 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.communitywiki.org [Source type: Original source]

^ T his page uses Times NR CE / Latin 2 font for proper viewing.
  • Czech Fun Facts from Little Prague Bohemian Restaurant 6 February 2010 11:15 UTC www.littleprague.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

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This article uses material from the "De facto" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

De facto is a phrase from the Latin language that means "in fact" or "in practice". It is often used in contrast to de jure (which means "by law") when talking about law, governance, or technique. When talking about law, "de jure" is used to describe what the law says, and "de facto" is used to describe what actually happens.

De facto is sometimes also used when there is no appropriate law or standard, but a common practice, that may not necessarily be widely accepted, exists. For example, the de jure name of Bill Clinton is William Jefferson Clinton. This is his name according to official records. His de facto name is Bill Clinton because this is what he is usually called.



Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 17, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on De facto, which are similar to those in the above article.








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