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Debaki Bose: Wikis


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Debaki Bose (Bengali: দেবকী বোস) (1898 – 1971), also known as Debaki Kumar Bose, was a top director, writer, actor of Bengali cinema/Indian cinema. He was born on 25 November 1898 in Akalpoush, Burdwan, Bengal, British India. He died on 17 November 1971 in Calcutta, West Bengal, India. He is known for his innovative use of sound and music in Indian Cinema. He worked first under the banner of British Dominion Films of Dhiren Ganguly and later with Pramathesh Barua's Barua Pictures and finally he joined New Theatres banner in 1932. He started his own production company, Debaki Productions, in 1945.


Early life

Debaki Bose was son of a successful advocate in Burdwan. Inspired by Mahatma Gandhi's call for non-cooperation movement, he walked out of an examination and started living on his own. He opened a shop in local market selling towels and he was also an editor of a local weekly named Shakti. Dhiren Ganguly, better known as DG, an established film director from Calcutta, was visiting Burdwan at that time. DG met Debaki and as he came know about Deabki's writing skill, he invited Debaki to come to Calcutta and to write film scripts for him. This culminated into the first film made by British Dominion Films named Kamonar Agun (or Flames of Flesh).[1]

Career highlights

  • Debaki Bose was a top Indian film director in his time. During this period, many of the Bengali fims made by him were also released in Hindi and even in Marathi and Tamil.
  • Chandidas(1932), directed by him, contained background Music for the first time in Indian Cinema. Music Director was Raichand Boral, also known as R.C. Boral.
  • Seeta (1934), made under the banner of East India Film Company, was the first Indian talkie shown in any international film festival. It was shown in Venice Film Festival, where it won an Honorary Diploma.[2] He was the 1st Indian director to receive any international award.[3]
  • Sagar Sangamey (1959) was nominated for Golden Bear at the 9th Berlin International Film Festival (1959).[4] This film got National Film Award for Best Film in 1959.
  • Arghya (1961) was a very special documentary film, produced by the Government of West Bengal on the occasion of Rabindranath Tagore's birth centennial.[5] It was based on four poems of Tagore: Pujarini, Puratan Bhritya, Abhisar and Dui Bigha Jami.
  • He received Sangeet Natak Akademi Award for Film Direction in 1957.
  • He received Padma Shri in Arts in 1958.




  • Panchasar (1930)
  • Shadows of the Dead (1931)
  • Aparadhi (1931) (Hindi Title: Aparadhi Abla, English Title: The Culprit)
  • Nishir Dak (1932)
  • Chandidas (1932)
  • Rajrani Meera (1933)
  • Puran Bhagat (1933) (English title: The Devoted)
  • Meerabai (1933)
  • Dulari Bibi (1933)
  • Seeta (1934)
  • Jeevan Natak (1935)
  • Inquilab (1935)
  • Sonar Sansar (1936) (Hindi Title: Sunhera Sansar)
  • Bidyapati (1937) (Hindi Title: Vidyapati)
  • Sapera (1939) (English Title: The Snake-Charmer, Bengali Title: Sapurey)
  • Nartaki (1940) (Hindi Title: Nartaki)
  • Abhinava (1940)
  • Apna Ghar (1942) (Marathi Title: Apule Ghar)
  • Shri Ramanuja (1943)
  • Swarg Se Sundar Desh Hamara (1945)
  • Meghdoot (1945)
  • Krishna Leela (1946)
  • Alakananda (1947)
  • Chandrashekhar (1947)
  • Sir Sankarnath (1948)
  • Kavi (1949)
  • Ratnadeep (1951) (Tamil title: Ratnadeepam)
  • Pathik (1953)
  • Kavi (1954)
  • Bhagaban Shrikrishna Chaitanya (1954) (Hindi Title: Bhagaban Shrikrishna Chaitanya or Chaitanya Mahaprabhu)
  • Bhalobasa (1955)
  • Nabajanma (1956)
  • Chirakumar Sabha (1956)
  • Sonar Kathi (1958)
  • Sagar Sangamey (1959) (English Title: Holy Island)
  • Arghya (1961)


  • Flames of Flesh (1930) (screenplay) (Bengali title: Kamonar Agun)
  • Aparadhi/Aparadhi Abla/The Culprit (1931) (story)
  • Chandidas (1932) (writer)
  • Meerabai/Rajrani Meera (1933) (screenplay) (story)
  • Jeevan Natak (1935) (screenplay) (story)
  • Inquilab (1935) (screenplay) (story)
  • Sonar Sansar /Sunehra Sansar (1936) (writer)
  • Bidyapati (1937) (writer + screenplay)
  • Sapurey/Sapera (1939) (writer)
  • Nartaki (1940) (story + screenplay)
  • Chandrashekhar (1947) (screenplay)
  • Sagar Sangamey (1959) (English Title: Holy Island)


  • Flames of Flesh (1930) (Bengali title: Kamonar Agun)
  • Panchasar (1930)
  • Charitraheen (1931)


External links


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