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Debarq is one of the 105 woredas in the Amhara Region of Ethiopia. It is named after its largest town, Debarq. Part of the Semien Gondar Zone, Debarq is bordered on the south by Dabat, on the west by Sanja, on the northwest by the Tigray Region, on the north by Addi Arkay, and on the east by Jan Amora.

This woreda is crossed by the Lamalmo Mountains, which form the western end of the Semien. Rivers include the Zarima.

Due to its inaccessibility and the lack of the most basic infrastructure, in 1999 the Regional government classified Debarq as one of its 47 drought prone and food insecure woredas. To alleviate this situation, the Amhara Credit and Saving Institution SC, a micro-finance institution, opened an office in Debarq in the late 1990s.[1] On 27 May 2009, the Ethiopian Roads Authority announced work to repair and upgrade the road between Debarq and Gondar had begun. The work on the 99 kilometers of road would be done by Sino-Hydro International, a Chinese construction company, with engineering consultancy by a South African company and an Ethiopian firm, Omega Engineers Consulting. The budget for the work is approximately 690 million Birr.[2]

Demographics

Based on figures published by the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this woreda has an estimated total population of 168,100, of whom 84,372 are men and 83,728 are women; 24,997 or 14.87% of its population are urban dwellers, which is greater than the Zone average of 14.1%. With an estimated area of 1,512.22 square kilometers, Debarq has an estimated population density of 111.2 people per square kilometer, which is greater than the Zone average of 60.23.[3]

The 1994 national census reported a total population for this woreda of 120,754 in 21,646 households, of whom 60,372 were men and 60,382 women; 14,474 or 11.99% of its population were urban dwellers at the time. The largest ethnic group reported in Debarq was the Amhara (99.42%); all other ethnic groups made up 0.58% of the population. Amharic was spoken as a first language by 99.46%; the remaining 0.54% spoke all other primary languages reported. 93.78% practiced Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, and 6.16% of the population said they were Muslim.[4]

Notes

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