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Decimus Junius Brutus Callaicus was a Roman politician and general of the 2nd century BC. Brutus led the Roman legions in the conquest of western Iberia after the death of Viriathus, chieftain of the Lusitanians. In his conquest, he scored major victories in the south of modern Portugal, before going on to the north. He had the city of Olissipo (modern Lisbon) fortified and advanced to the north, destroying settlements as he went. A fortified position was established at Viseu, the Douro river was crossed and the Lima river was reached by 137 BC. Ultimately, according to Strabo, Brutus conquered the Minho River. At the end of Brutus' campaigns, Rome controlled the territory between the Douro and Minho rivers plus probable extensions along the coast and in the interior. It was only under Augustus, however, at the end of the 1st century BC, that present north Portugal and Galicia were fully pacified and under Roman control.

In 136 BC the Roman Senate granted him the title Callaicus for his campaigns in Gallaecia.

Brutus was the literary patron of the poet Lucius Accius[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ Jocelyn, H.D. (1996), "Accius, Lucius", in Hornblower, Simon, Oxford Classical Dictionary, 1, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 3  
Preceded by
Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso and Marcus Popillius Laenas
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica Serapio
138 BCE
Succeeded by
Marcus Aemilius Lepidus Porcina and Gaius Hostilius Mancinus

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