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A defender, second player from front in the foreground, wearing a white shirt, positioned to prevent the attack.
.Within the sport of association football, a defender is an outfield player whose primary role is to prevent the opposition from scoring.^ Sophos is central defender for the Football Association .
  • Sophos is central defender for the Football Association 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC sort.sophos.com [Source type: News]

^ Football Association chairman Lord Triesman warned on Wednesday that desperate measures may need to be taken in order to prevent spiralling costs in English football.
  • Sky Sports | Football | Premier League | News | Carra supports wage cap 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.skysports.com [Source type: News]

^ The modern game, now often simply known as football, was codified in England following the formation of The Football Association, whose 1863 Laws of the Game created the foundations for the way the sport is played today.
  • Celtic legend tells club to act fast | Football | IrishCentral 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.irishcentral.com [Source type: News]

.There are four types of defender - centre back, sweeper, full back, and wing back.^ There are four types of defender - centre back, sweeper, full back, and wing back.
  • Defender (football) Videos - vtap mobile videos 12 September 2009 12:48 UTC www.vtap.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ A sweeper is sometimes expected to build counter-attacking moves, and as such requires better ball control and passing ability than a typical centre back.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ Basically defensive, it positions a sweeper behind four backs, three midfielders and two strikers.
  • Football Rules - Printer-friendly - ninemsn Encarta 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC au.encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Defenders often have the numbers 2,3,4, and 5.

Contents

Centre back

.The job of the centre back, centre half, central defender, or stopper is to stop opposing players, particularly the strikers, from scoring, and to bring the ball out from their penalty area.^ The job of the centre back, centre half, central defender, or stopper is to stop opposing players, particularly the strikers, from scoring, and to bring the ball out from their penalty area .
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ In association football (soccer), a defender is a player who tries to prevent the other team from scoring.
  • Defender (football) Videos - vtap mobile videos 12 September 2009 12:48 UTC www.vtap.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A sweeper is sometimes expected to build counter-attacking moves, and as such requires better ball control and passing ability than a typical centre back.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

.As their name suggests, they play in a central position.^ As its name suggests five-a-side football is a game of football played with only five players on each side on a scaled down football pitch.

.The position was formerly referred to as centre half, although the emphasis of the centre half was more forward thinking in action.^ The position was formerly referred to as centre half, although the emphasis of the centre half was more forward thinking in action.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ As formations evolved, the central player in this trio, the centre half, moved into a more defensive position on the field, taking the name of the position with them.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

.In the early part of the 20th century, when most teams employed the 2-3-5 formation, the two players at the back were called full backs and the row of three players in front of them were called half backs.^ In the traditional 2-3-5 team formation, the two players in the final row of defence before the goalkeeper were referred to as full backs.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ The layout of the players on the pitch is called formation.
  • Football or Soccer 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The layout of the players on the pitch is called formation .
  • Football soccer 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.ml-shopping.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As formations evolved, the central player in this trio, the centre half, moved into a more defensive position on the field, taking the name of the position with them.^ Formation : The positioning of the eleven players.

^ As formations evolved, the central player in this trio, the centre half, moved into a more defensive position on the field, taking the name of the position with them.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ This formation is little used in the modern game, having been replaced largely by the four-man defence, but the term "full back" lives on — the full backs now occupy the wide positions in the defensive line, with the old centre half [back] doubled-up to fill the central defensive position.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

.The right and left players in the trio were called the right half and left half respectively.^ The right and left players in the trio were called the right half and left half respectively.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ When the ball is in touch, the first player who touches it shall throw it from the point on the boundary line where it left the ground in a direction at right angles with the boundary line, and the ball shall not be in play until it has touched the ground.

^ If that means going out there as left back, right back, centre half, I'll just do whatever's asked of me.
  • Risk of receiving second yellow card does not faze defender Coyne - Football 12 September 2009 12:48 UTC www.smh.com.au [Source type: News]

.In the modern game, most teams employ two centre backs, stationed in front of the goalkeeper.^ Colchester United have have completed the signing of Dagenham and Redbridge defender Magnus Okuonghae.The centre-back missed just one league game last season as the Daggers pushed for a League Two play-off place.
  • Colchester snare Daggers defender in Lee Beevers from Football.co.uk Forum 12 September 2009 12:48 UTC forum.football.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ The team which has scored the most goals at the conclusion of the game is the winner; if both teams have an equal number of goals then the game is a draw.
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^ Points system - The method by which teams engaged in league play or tournament group play are ranked in the competition.  Throughout most of the modern history of the game, two points were awarded for a win, one point for a draw or tie and no points for a loss.  Recently, in an effort to encourage attacking football, the number of points for a win has been lifted to three.    .
  • Appendiix:  Glossary of Football Terms and Phrases 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.englandfootballonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are two main defensive strategies used by centre backs: the zonal defence, where each centre back covers a specific area of the pitch, and man-to-man marking, where each centre back has the job of covering a particular opposition player.^ In some defensive systems, full backs man-mark opponents.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ There are two main defensive strategies used by centre backs: the zonal defence, where each centre back covers a specific area of the pitch, and man-to-man marking, where each centre back has the job of covering a particular opposition player.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ This formation is little used in the modern game, having been replaced largely by the four-man defence, but the term "full back" lives on — the full backs now occupy the wide positions in the defensive line, with the old centre half [back] doubled-up to fill the central defensive position.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

The main responsibilities of centre backs include:
.
  • Marking threats in their immediate area (zonal defending) or to mark a particular opposition player (man marking).
  • Making tackles on attacking players as the last line of defence against the opposition.
  • Intercepting dangerous crosses, shots and through passes that cause an immediate danger to the team.
  • Defending opposition corners and to stay in the opposition team's penalty box for corners and set pieces with headers.^ He is also a defender that frequently causes opposition defences problems from set-pieces.
    • Latest Championship News | Championship FC Fixtures & Results | Orange UK 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC orange.football365.com [Source type: News]

    ^ The midfield players are the real workers as they need to both defend and attack, roaming all over the pitch in the process.

    ^ The giant centre-half is more than formidable in the air and while Miller and company are unlikely to get any joy in their aerial battles with the former FC Copenhagen defender, Hangeland will also provide a threat from set-pieces at the other end.
    • World Cup: Scotland defender Cary Caldwell faces tough night against John Carew - Telegraph 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

    [1]
  • To form the tactical base of the team. Coaches either choose to field the "line" of defence deep or further upfield. The choice of defensive line has great tactical implications in the professional game. .A deep defensive line is considered a more conservative approach; however, it also means that the midfielders require to cover more ground in the game and risks ceding midfield territory to the opposition.^ However, because he is often in possession of the ball when the opponent has committed players to an attack, the defensive midfielder also initiates his team’s own attacks.

    ^ The sweeper is a more versatile type of center back that "sweeps up" the ball if the opponent manages to breach the defensive line.
    • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A defensive midfielder is usually fielded to cover the advances of wingbacks.
    • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    .A high defensive line allows teams to pin opposition teams into their own territory and apply pressure when chasing for a goal, however, it leaves the attacking team vulnerable to counter attacks by quick opposition players.
  • Maintain the defensive posture.^ The offensive and defensive football players who start each play at the line of scrimmage.
    • Football terms and definitions (Glossary) 12 September 2009 12:48 UTC www.ducksoftware.com [Source type: General]

    ^ With a smaller pitch and fewer players high scoring matches are relatively frequent because of the lack of numbers for a very organized defense and the close proximity of the goal.

    ^ Off sides : When a player from either team goes across the line of scrimmage be for the snap.

    .Due to the advent of the offside rule in the modern game, defenders and centre-backs in particular need to ensure that the defensive line is strictly enforced when opposition attacking players are near by.^ However, both positions necessitate strong defensive skills and the coaches Fabio Capello and Jose Mourinho have been proponents in the modern era of strictly defensive full-backs.

    ^ The midfield players are the real workers as they need to both defend and attack, roaming all over the pitch in the process.

    ^ This formation is little used in the modern game, having been replaced largely by the four-man defence, but the term "full back" lives on — the full backs now occupy the wide positions in the defensive line, with the old centre half [back] doubled-up to fill the central defensive position.
    • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    .A defender that strays slightly behind the defensive line, for example, can "play" an opposition player onside and inadvertently create a scoring opportunity.
  • Playing a simple game.^ For example, the catenaccio system of play, used in Italian football in the 1960s, employed a purely defensive sweeper who only 'roamed' around the back line.
    • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A player is ‘out of play’ immediately he is in front of the ball and must return behind the ball as soon as possible.

    ^ Starter: a player who is on the field to play at the start of a game; a team usually makes its best players starters.

    Due to their proximity to goal, centre backs need to avoid over-elaboration and play short and simple passes to their colleagues upfield as well as avoid playing passes square across the defence, where they are vulnerable to interception by an opposition player.
Centre backs require a specialised range of attributes, which include:
.
  • Height, good heading and jumping ability to contest balls in the air.
  • Strength, marking and tackling ability to deal with one-on-one threats.
  • Bravery and aggression to rush out and deal with any unexpected goal threats.
  • Ability to read the game as well as anticipate incoming threats.^ Centre backs are often tall, with good heading and tackling ability.
    • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    ^ An ability to read the game well is a distinct advantage.
    • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The game is essentially passing and dribbling based, the "long ball game" is not generally possible given the limited space and the frequent "no above head height" ruling.

    .Centre backs need to balance the need to deal with any imminent threat from the opposition and the need to maintain the defensive posture.
  • Concentration.^ He added: "It's true to say we have one or two areas that we need to look at defensively and maybe solve a few problems at the back."
    • Tottenham manager Juande Ramos identifies need for a new striker and defender - Football - Telegraph 12 September 2009 12:48 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

    ^ The defensive midfielder sits just behind the centre circle and is primarily required to break down opposition attacks and augment the defense.

    .Centre backs need to focus on the task at hand and get interceptions, last-ditch tackles and headers correctly every time.^ Centre backs are often tall, with good heading and tackling ability.
    • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    They also need to ensure that they get a sure footing on the ball when clearing it so as to play it away from danger.

Sweeper (Libero)

.The sweeper is a more versatile type of centre back who "sweeps up" the ball if an opponent manages to breach the defensive line.^ The sweeper is a more versatile type of center back that "sweeps up" the ball if the opponent manages to breach the defensive line.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ This formation is little used in the modern game, having been replaced largely by the four-man defence, but the term "full back" lives on — the full backs now occupy the wide positions in the defensive line, with the old centre half [back] doubled-up to fill the central defensive position.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ A sweeper is sometimes expected to build counter-attacking moves, and as such requires better ball control and passing ability than a typical centre back.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

.His or her position is rather more fluid than other defenders who man-mark their designated opponents.^ His or her position is rather more fluid than other defenders who man-mark their designated opponents.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ The giant centre-half is more than formidable in the air and while Miller and company are unlikely to get any joy in their aerial battles with the former FC Copenhagen defender, Hangeland will also provide a threat from set-pieces at the other end.
  • World Cup: Scotland defender Cary Caldwell faces tough night against John Carew - Telegraph 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ See also: Football positions and Formation (football) The Laws of the Game don't specify any player positions other than goalkeeper.
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.Because of this, the position is sometimes referred to as libero (from the Italian word meaning "free", as used by the sports journalist Gianni Brera).^ Because of this, the position is sometimes referred to as libero (from the Italian word meaning free).
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ These names are often used to distinguish the game from other codes of football, since the word "football" may be used to refer to several quite different games.
  • Football or Soccer 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These names are often used to distinguish the game from other codes of football , since the word "football" may be used to refer to several quite different games.
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.Though the sweeper may be expected to build counter-attacking moves, and as such requires better ball control and passing ability than a typical centre back, his or her talents are often confined to the defensive realm.^ Centre backs are often tall, with good heading and tackling ability.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ The sweeper's ability to read the game is even more vital than for a centre back.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ A sweeper is sometimes expected to build counter-attacking moves, and as such requires better ball control and passing ability than a typical centre back.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

.For example, the catenaccio system of play, used in Italian football in the 1960s, employed a purely defensive sweeper who only 'roamed' around the back line.^ For example, the catenaccio system of play, used in Italian football in the 1960s, employed a purely defensive sweeper who only 'roamed' around the back line.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ Defensive midfielder who can also play CB or Left Back.
  • Arsenal in for Ajax defender, Manchester United close in on Antonio Valencia and Everton after midfielder duo in today's Daily Mirror - Football Spy - Mirror.co.uk 12 September 2009 12:48 UTC blogs.mirror.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ He also played for the Atlanta Chiefs in the North American Soccer League in 1968, and became the only Jamaican footballer to play in the Brazilian first division when he signed with Nautico in 1971.
  • Jamaica Gleaner : Pieces of the Past: Out Of Many Cultures: A fascination with football: Ja and the World Cup 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.jamaica-gleaner.com [Source type: News]

[2]
.Some sweepers move forward and distribute the ball up-field, while others intercept passes and get the ball off the opposition without needing to hurl themselves into tackles.^ Some sweepers move forward and distribute the ball up-field, while others intercept passes and get the ball off the opposition without needing to hurl themselves into tackles.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ A sweeper is sometimes expected to build counter-attacking moves, and as such requires better ball control and passing ability than a typical centre back.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ Free kick: a kick awarded to a player for a foul committed by the opposition; the player kicks a stationary ball without any opposing players within 10 feet of him.

.In modern football, its usage has been fairly restricted, with few clubs in the biggest leagues using the position.^ In modern football, its usage has been fairly restricted, with few clubs in the biggest leagues using the position.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ Caldwell is not the biggest defender in football and prefers to use his reading of the game to nullify the opposition, although the occasional crunching tackle is very much part of his repertoire, as several Clydesdale Bank Premier League strikers will testify.
  • World Cup: Scotland defender Cary Caldwell faces tough night against John Carew - Telegraph 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ As such it is one of the most demanding positions in modern football.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

Full back

.The full backs take up the wide defensive positions, one on each side of the field.^ The full backs take up the wide defensive positions, one on each side of the field.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ This formation is little used in the modern game, having been replaced largely by the four-man defence, but the term "full back" lives on — the full backs now occupy the wide positions in the defensive line, with the old centre half [back] doubled-up to fill the central defensive position.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ He added: "It's true to say we have one or two areas that we need to look at defensively and maybe solve a few problems at the back."
  • Tottenham manager Juande Ramos identifies need for a new striker and defender - Football - Telegraph 12 September 2009 12:48 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

[3] .Their main task is to prevent opposition players crossing or cutting the ball back into the penalty area.^ Their main task is to prevent opposition players crossing or cutting the ball back into the penalty area.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ There are two main defensive strategies used by centre backs: the zonal defence, where each centre back covers a specific area of the pitch, and man-to-man marking, where each centre back has the job of covering a particular opposition player.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ Free kick: a kick awarded to a player for a foul committed by the opposition; the player kicks a stationary ball without any opposing players within 10 feet of him.

.In some defensive systems, full backs man-mark opponents.^ In some defensive systems, full backs man-mark opponents.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ However, both positions necessitate strong defensive skills and the coaches Fabio Capello and Jose Mourinho have been proponents in the modern era of strictly defensive full-backs.

^ For example, the catenaccio system of play, used in Italian football in the 1960s, employed a purely defensive sweeper who only 'roamed' around the back line.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

.Most full backs are also expected to provide an attacking dimension by getting upfield, engaging in interplay with the wingers and providing crosses.^ Most full backs are also expected to provide an attacking dimension by getting upfield along the wings and providing crosses.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ A sweeper is sometimes expected to build counter-attacking moves, and as such requires better ball control and passing ability than a typical centre back.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ The wingbacks are a modern variation on the full back with heavier emphasis on attack.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

.In the traditional 2-3-5 team formation, the two players in the final row of defence before the goalkeeper were referred to as full backs.^ In the traditional 2-3-5 team formation, the two players in the final row of defence before the goalkeeper were referred to as full backs.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ There are two main defensive strategies used by centre backs: the zonal defence, where each centre back covers a specific area of the pitch, and man-to-man marking, where each centre back has the job of covering a particular opposition player.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ Each team consists of a maximum of eleven players (excluding substitutes ), one of whom must be the goalkeeper.
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.This formation is almost never used in the modern game, having been replaced largely by the four-man defence, but the term "full back" lives on — the full backs now occupy the wide positions in the defensive line, with the old centre half [back] doubled-up to fill the central defensive position.^ However, both positions necessitate strong defensive skills and the coaches Fabio Capello and Jose Mourinho have been proponents in the modern era of strictly defensive full-backs.

^ The modern game, now often simply known as football, was codified in England following the formation of The Football Association, whose 1863 Laws of the Game created the foundations for the way the sport is played today.
  • Celtic legend tells club to act fast | Football | IrishCentral 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.irishcentral.com [Source type: News]

^ Usually in possession of exceptional stamina with remarkable defensive and offensive skills, the position is typically associated with the Premiership, where most of the great modern players have flourished.

.The traditional English full back was a large, strong man who would make substantial use of "hacking" - deliberately kicking the shins of opponents, a practice that was accepted as legal in Britain but not in other countries, and caused major controversy as the game became increasingly internationalized from the 1950s on.^ In some defensive systems, full backs man-mark opponents.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ Hacking: Back to top kicking an opponent's legs.

^ The traditional English full back was a large, strong man who would make substantial use of "hacking" - deliberately kicking the shins of opponents, a practice that was accepted as legal in Britain but not in other countries, and caused major controversy as the game became increasingly internationalized from the 1950s on.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

.It is now effectively banned everywhere, and it is this in part that has given rise to a different set of defensive roles.^ It is now effectively banned everywhere, and it is this in part that has given rise to a different set of defensive roles.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

.In the modern game, full backs have taken on a more offensive role than is the case traditionally.^ He analyses his game more than anyone else.
  • Cats defender a football thinker - Local News - Geelong, VIC, Australia 12 September 2009 12:48 UTC www.geelongadvertiser.com.au [Source type: General]

^ However, both positions necessitate strong defensive skills and the coaches Fabio Capello and Jose Mourinho have been proponents in the modern era of strictly defensive full-backs.

^ The wingbacks are a modern variation on the full back with heavier emphasis on attack.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

[4] .Wingerless formations such as the diamond 4-4-2 formation demand the full back to cover considerable ground up and down the flank.^ In the traditional 2-3-5 team formation, the two players in the final row of defence before the goalkeeper were referred to as full backs.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ The modern full back is usually pacy, strong in the tackle and with good stamina to get up and down the field.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ In the early part of the 20th century, when most teams employed the 2-3-5 formation, the two players at the back were called full backs and the row of three players in front of them were called half backs.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

Some of the responsibilities of modern full backs include:
.
  • Provide a physical obstruction to opposition attacking players by shepherding them towards an area where they exert less influence.^ Cross or crossing pass: a pass from an attacking player near the sideline to a teammate in the middle or opposite side of the field; used to give the teammate a good scoring opportunity.

    ^ Goal kick: a type of restart where the ball is kicked from inside the goal area away from the goal; awarded to the defending team when a ball that crossed the goal line was last touched by a player on the attacking team.

    ^ One group of players are the ball carriers and they begin moving toward the defenders as the defenders move in for a proper form tackle.

    .They may manoeuvre in a fashion that causes the opponent to cut in towards the centre back or defensive midfielder with his weaker foot, where he is likely to be dispossessed.^ In some defensive systems, full backs man-mark opponents.
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    ^ However, because he is often in possession of the ball when the opponent has committed players to an attack, the defensive midfielder also initiates his team’s own attacks.

    ^ The sweeper is a more versatile type of center back that "sweeps up" the ball if the opponent manages to breach the defensive line.
    • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    .Otherwise, jockeying and smart positioning may simply pin back a winger in an area where he is less likely to exert influence.
  • Making off-the-ball runs into spaces down the channels and supplying crosses into the opposing penalty box.
  • Throw ins are usually assigned to full backs.
  • Marking wingers and other attacking players.^ No player shall run with the ball.

    ^ Their main task is to prevent opposition players crossing or cutting the ball back into the penalty area.
    • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    ^ However, both positions necessitate strong defensive skills and the coaches Fabio Capello and Jose Mourinho have been proponents in the modern era of strictly defensive full-backs.

    .Full backs generally do not commit into challenges in their opponents' half.^ In some defensive systems, full backs man-mark opponents.
    • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In the early part of the 20th century, when most teams employed the 2-3-5 formation, the two players at the back were called full backs and the row of three players in front of them were called half backs.
    • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    .However, they aim to quickly dispossess the attacking players who have already breached the defensive line with a sliding tackle from the side.^ For example, the catenaccio system of play, used in Italian football in the 1960s, employed a purely defensive sweeper who only 'roamed' around the back line.
    • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    ^ But Ramos, who without Berbatov has Darren Bent as his only recognised frontman, insisted he was working hard to bolster his attacking options, however hard it was proving.
    • Tottenham manager Juande Ramos identifies need for a new striker and defender - Football - Telegraph 12 September 2009 12:48 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

    ^ Wings or wingers: the outside forwards who play to the sides of the strikers and whose primary task is to provide them with accurate crossing passes so they can shoot at the goal; often the fastest players and best dribblers on a team.

    .Markers must however avoid keeping too tight on opponents or risk disrupting the defensive organisation.^ However, because he is often in possession of the ball when the opponent has committed players to an attack, the defensive midfielder also initiates his team’s own attacks.

    [5]
  • .
  • Maintaining tactical discipline by ensuring other team mates do not over run the defensive line and inadvertently play an opponent onside.
  • Providing a passing option down the flank, for instance, by creating opportunities for sequences like one-two passing moves.
  • In wingerless formations, full backs need to cover the roles of both wingers and full backs, although defensive work may be shared with one of the central midfielders.
  • Additionally, attacking full backs help to pin both opposition full backs and wingers deeper in their own half with aggressive attacking intent.^ In some defensive systems, full backs man-mark opponents.
    • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Like their defensive equivalents, there are two wingers in a side, starting on both touchlines alongside the central midfielders.

    ^ But they may also be used in a 5-3-2 formation and therefore have a more defensive role.
    • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    .Their presence in attack also forces the opposition to withdraw players from central midfield, which the team can seize to its advantage.^ Creating space: when a player from the attacking team moves without the ball to draw defenders away from the ball carrier and give him space.

    ^ Defense (Playing in): the 3 or 4 players on a team whose primary task is to stop the opposition from scoring; also called fullbacks.

    ^ Cross or crossing pass: a pass from an attacking player near the sideline to a teammate in the middle or opposite side of the field; used to give the teammate a good scoring opportunity.

    [6]
.Due to the physical and technical demands of their playing position, successful full backs need a wide range of attributes, which make them suited for adaptation to other roles on the pitch.^ However, both positions necessitate strong defensive skills and the coaches Fabio Capello and Jose Mourinho have been proponents in the modern era of strictly defensive full-backs.

^ And it's this mixture of prudence and conservatism - combined with the simplicity of the rules of how to play soccer - that makes football such an amazingly successful sport.
  • How To Play Soccer - The Rules of Association Football 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.spain-football.org [Source type: General]

^ In contrast, the role of the full back often involves an attacking element: to some extent the full backs have replaced the winger and are expected to get forward to deliver crosses from a wide position.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

.Many of the game's utility players, who can play in multiple positions on the pitch, are natural full backs.^ However, both positions necessitate strong defensive skills and the coaches Fabio Capello and Jose Mourinho have been proponents in the modern era of strictly defensive full-backs.

^ For example, the catenaccio system of play, used in Italian football in the 1960s, employed a purely defensive sweeper who only 'roamed' around the back line.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ The offensive and defensive football players who start each play at the line of scrimmage.
  • Football terms and definitions (Glossary) 12 September 2009 12:48 UTC www.ducksoftware.com [Source type: General]

.A rather prominent example is the Inter Milan full back Javier Zanetti, who has played on both flanks as a full back and as a winger, and in central midfield throughout his illustrious career.^ However, both positions necessitate strong defensive skills and the coaches Fabio Capello and Jose Mourinho have been proponents in the modern era of strictly defensive full-backs.

^ For example, the catenaccio system of play, used in Italian football in the 1960s, employed a purely defensive sweeper who only 'roamed' around the back line.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ Like their defensive equivalents, there are two wingers in a side, starting on both touchlines alongside the central midfielders.

.In the modern game, full backs often chip in a fair share of assists with their runs down the flank when the team is on a counterattack.^ The number of players on the pitch for a team when it is at full-strength.  It is often used in the U.K. as shorthand for "team," as in "the England 11 dominated throughout."
  • Appendiix:  Glossary of Football Terms and Phrases 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.englandfootballonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The wingbacks are a modern variation on the full back with heavier emphasis on attack.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ In the traditional 2-3-5 team formation, the two players in the final row of defence before the goalkeeper were referred to as full backs.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

The more common attributes of full backs, however, include:
.
  • Pace and stamina to handle the demands of covering large distances up and down the flank.
  • A healthy work rate and team responsibility.
  • Marking and tackling abilities and a sense of anticipation.
  • Good off-the-ball ability to create attacking opportunities for his team by running into empty channels.
  • Dribbling ability.^ Attacking team: the team that has possession of the ball.

    ^ Some sweepers move forward and distribute the ball up-field, while others intercept passes and get the ball off the opposition without needing to hurl themselves into tackles.
    • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A sweeper is sometimes expected to build counter-attacking moves, and as such requires better ball control and passing ability than a typical centre back.
    • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    .Many of the game's eminent attacking full backs are excellent dribblers in their own right and occasionally deputise as attacking wingers.
  • Player intelligence.^ However, because he is often in possession of the ball when the opponent has committed players to an attack, the defensive midfielder also initiates his team’s own attacks.

    ^ Plays at right back and looks to counter-attack.
    • 1982 World Cup Team | NZ Football 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.nzsoccer.com [Source type: News]

    ^ The playmaker can be found in the same area as the defensive midfielder but this is to enable better protection for the player himself, whose role is to influence his side’s attacking game.

    .As is common for defenders, full backs need to decide during the flow of play whether to stick close to a winger or maintain a suitable distance.^ When playing for the Jax during the winter, Codron is a lock-down defender who enjoys the contact of professional lacrosse.
    • LumberJax defender Tyler Codron juggles college football and professional lacrosse – OregonLive.com 12 September 2009 12:48 UTC www.oregonlive.com [Source type: News]

    ^ In contrast, the role of the full back often involves an attacking element: to some extent the full backs have replaced the winger and are expected to get forward to deliver crosses from a wide position.
    • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Wingbacks are often more adventurous than full backs and are expected to provide width, especially in teams without wingers.
    • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    .Full backs that stay too close to attacking players are vulnerable to being pulled out of position and leaving a gap in the defence.^ However, both positions necessitate strong defensive skills and the coaches Fabio Capello and Jose Mourinho have been proponents in the modern era of strictly defensive full-backs.

    ^ As the last line of defence, he also initiates counter-attacks by bringing the ball out of the penalty area, thus necessitating some of the skills of the midfielder like passing, close control and dribbling.

    ^ That said, there is a lot of overlap of abilities along all the positions in the game so that multiple players can have the closing speed, loose ball magnet, or ball strip ability.

    .A quick passing movement like a pair of one-two passes will leave the channel behind the defending full-back open.^ The offside rule is modified - until then the goalkeeper and two defenders had to separate the attacker from goal - the number is reduced to just one defender.
    • How To Play Soccer - The Rules of Association Football 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.spain-football.org [Source type: General]

    ^ One-Two When a player passes the ball to another player and the ball is returned.  Usually in quick succession.

    ^ Football: The Premier League have backed Charlton's bid to overturn the extra one-game suspension handed to defender Osei Sankofa by the Football Association .
    • Defender Football League | Search Results | Mail Online 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.dailymail.co.uk [Source type: News]

    .This vulnerability is a reason why wingers considered to be dangerous are double-marked by both the full-back and the winger.^ However, both positions necessitate strong defensive skills and the coaches Fabio Capello and Jose Mourinho have been proponents in the modern era of strictly defensive full-backs.

    ^ In some defensive systems, full backs man-mark opponents.
    • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In contrast, the role of the full back often involves an attacking element: to some extent the full backs have replaced the winger and are expected to get forward to deliver crosses from a wide position.
    • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    .This allows the full back to focus on holding his defensive line.^ However, both positions necessitate strong defensive skills and the coaches Fabio Capello and Jose Mourinho have been proponents in the modern era of strictly defensive full-backs.

    [7]

Wingback

.The wingbacks are a modern variation on the full back with heavier emphasis on attack.^ The wingbacks are a modern variation on the full back with heavier emphasis on attack.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ However, both positions necessitate strong defensive skills and the coaches Fabio Capello and Jose Mourinho have been proponents in the modern era of strictly defensive full-backs.

^ In contrast, the role of the full back often involves an attacking element: to some extent the full backs have replaced the winger and are expected to get forward to deliver crosses from a wide position.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

.The name is a portmanteau of "winger" and "back". They are usually employed in a 3-5-2 formation, and could therefore be considered part of the midfield.^ They are usually employed in a 3-5-2 formation, and could therefore be considered part of the midfield.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ But they may also be used in a 5-3-2 formation and therefore have a more defensive role.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ In the early part of the 20th century, when most teams employed the 2-3-5 formation, the two players at the back were called full backs and the row of three players in front of them were called half backs.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

.But they may also be used in a 5-3-2 formation and therefore have a more defensive role.^ But they may also be used in a 5-3-2 formation and therefore have a more defensive role.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ They are usually employed in a 3-5-2 formation, and could therefore be considered part of the midfield.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ Although players mainly use their feet to move the ball around, they may use any part of their bodies other than their hands or arms.
  • Football soccer 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.ml-shopping.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Football or Soccer 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the evolution of the modern game, wingbacks are the combination of wingers and fullbacks.^ In the evolution of the modern game, wingbacks are the combination of wingers and fullbacks.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

.As such it is one of the most physically demanding positions in modern football.^ As such it is one of the most demanding positions in modern football.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ In modern football, its usage has been fairly restricted, with few clubs in the biggest leagues using the position.
  • Defender_(association_football) encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ Usually in possession of exceptional stamina with remarkable defensive and offensive skills, the position is typically associated with the Premiership, where most of the great modern players have flourished.

.Wingbacks are often more adventurous than full backs and are expected to provide width, especially in teams without wingers.^ In the late 1990s , the IFAB experimented with ways of making matches more likely to end without requiring kicks from the penalty mark , which were often seen as an undesirable way to end a match.
  • Football soccer 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.ml-shopping.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Shorthanded: a team playing with less than its full complement of 11 players.

^ Very strong in the air, is often used as a striker and has scored more than 50 goals in Rothmans League.
  • 1982 World Cup Team | NZ Football 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.nzsoccer.com [Source type: News]

.A wingback needs to be of exceptional stamina, be able to provide crosses upfield and defend effectively against opponents' attacks down the flanks.^ Their tasks include pressurising the opposition fullbacks, attacking from wide positions and providing crosses into the box.

^ Pass the ball out in front of the receiver and teach your defenders to break for the interception point and strip the football by bringing the outside arm down on the receiver's upfield arm.

^ Corner kick : when the ball has wholly crossed the goal line without a goal having been scored and having last been touched by a defender; awarded to attacking team.
  • Football soccer 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.ml-shopping.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Football or Soccer 12 September 2009 12:47 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A defensive midfielder is usually fielded to cover the advances of wingbacks.^ The linebacker charges forward, and instead of a defensive lineman dropping into the vacated zone, a defensive back (usually the free safety) steps forward to cover the area.
  • Understanding Defensive Terminology 12 September 2009 12:48 UTC www.fbforyouth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because there are already more passing zones to cover then there are defenders to cover them, blitzing usually forces the defensive team out of man coverage.
  • Understanding Defensive Terminology 12 September 2009 12:48 UTC www.fbforyouth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ BBC SPORT | Football | Laws & Equipment | Positions guide: Central Defender
  2. ^ BBC SPORT | Football | Laws & Equipment | Positions guide: Sweeper
  3. ^ "Football is Coming Home to Die-Hard Translators". Article on the Translation Journal. April 1, 2008. http://accurapid.com/journal/44soccer.htm. Retrieved April 14, 2008. 
  4. ^ "Fleet-of-foot full-backs carry key to effective attacking". http://www.guardian.co.uk/football/2007/jun/06/sport.comment1. Retrieved 2008-12-11.  David Pleat explains in a Guardian article how full backs aid football teams when attacking.
  5. ^ "How Gunners can avoid being pulled apart by Brazilian". http://www.guardian.co.uk/football/2008/feb/18/arsenal. Retrieved 2008-12-11.  David Pleat explains the team effort in marking an attacking player stationed in the outside-wing position.
  6. ^ "How Larsson swung the tie". http://www.guardian.co.uk/football/2006/may/18/championsleague200506.championsleague. Retrieved 2008-12-11.  David Pleat explains how the introductions of Barcelona full back Juliano Belletti and striker Henrik Larsson in the Champions League 05/06 final improved Barcelona's presence in wide areas. Belletti eventually scored the winning goal for the final.
  7. ^ "City countered by visitors' Petrov defence". http://www.guardian.co.uk/football/2007/dec/31/newsstory.liverpool. Retrieved 2008-12-11.  David Pleat discusses the tactical implications of full backs and other defenders marking wingers in a Guardian match analysis.
  8. ^ BBC SPORT | Football | Laws & Equipment | Positions guide: Wingback

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