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.Deism (\ˈdi:iz(ə)m\[1] or \ˈdē-ˌi-zəm\)[2] is a religious and philosophical belief that a supreme being created the universe, and that this (and religious truth in general) can be determined using reason and observation of the natural world alone, without a need for either faith or organized religion.^ Reason is the foundation with Nature and Experience being the basis for a belief in God.

^ He wanted religion without the motions of faith.
  • evolution@calvin.edu: Re: The Deistic Robot 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.asa3.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Deism is a belief in God based on Nature and Reason.

.Deists tend to, but do not necessarily, reject the notion of divine interventions in human affairs, such as by miracles and revelations.^ There are no divine interventions or revelations.
  • Liberty Magazine | The Tangled Web of Ceremonial Deism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.libertymagazine.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Also, Deists in general tend to reject dualism.
  • Deism? - Page 2 - JREF Forum 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Deists generally reject the notion of divine interventions in human affairs - such as by miracles and revelations.
  • http://getglue.com/topics/p/deism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC getglue.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These views contrast with a dependence on revelations, miracles, and faith found in many Jewish, Christian, Islamic and other theistic teachings.^ Many of these listings have been found to be incorrect.
  • Famous Adherents: Internal Use 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many Christians have possessed these virtues.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Many orthodox and latitudinarian opponents of the deists maintained that, in addition to miracles prophecy was evidence of the truth of the Christian revelation.
  • Search WJE Online | The Jonathan Edwards Center at Yale University 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC edwards.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Deists typically reject most supernatural events (prophecy, miracles) and tend to assert that God (or "The Supreme Architect") has a plan for the universe that is not altered either by God intervening in the affairs of human life or by suspending the natural laws of the universe.^ The deist God never intervenes thereafter.
  • onegoodmove: Confusion 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC onegoodmove.org [Source type: Original source]

^ God does not act in the universe in ways that contradict natural law.
  • uuworld.org : the interdependent web: January 03, 2010 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.uuworld.org [Source type: General]

^ Also, Deists in general tend to reject dualism.
  • Deism? - Page 2 - JREF Forum 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

.What organized religions see as divine revelation and holy books, most deists see as interpretations made by other humans, rather than as authoritative sources.^ Indulge them in any other subject rather than that of religion.
  • THE DEIST ROOTS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC 911review.org [Source type: Original source]

^ What organized religions see as divine revelation and holy books , most deists see as interpretations made by other humans, rather than as authoritative sources.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Deism on GetGlue What organized religions see as divine revelation and holy books, most deists see as interpretations made by other humans, rather than as authoritative sources.
  • http://getglue.com/topics/p/deism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC getglue.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Deism became prominent in the 17th and 18th centuries during the Age of Enlightenment, especially in what is now the United Kingdom, France, United States and Ireland, mostly among those raised as Christians who found they could not believe in either a triune God, the divinity of Jesus, miracles, or the inerrancy of scriptures, but who did believe in one god.^ He was not anti-Christian as someone said earlier, but did not believe that Jesus Christ was divine.
  • Was Thomas Jefferson An Atheist? (Christians, religious leader, faith, God) - Atheism and Agnosticism - Page 4 - City-Data Forum 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Misquotations "The Government of the United States is not in any sense founded on the Christian religion."
  • Random Observations: The Founding Fathers: Mostly Atheists and Deists 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC tim.2wgroup.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Yes, I was raised to believe that the United States was essentially built as a Christian nation.
  • Palin’s Pentecostal-Size Problem « The Political Inquirer 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC politicalinquirer.com [Source type: Original source]

.Initially it did not form any congregations, but in time deism strongly influenced other religious groups, such as Unitarianism and Universalism, which developed from it.^ Deism or any other form of infidelity .
  • Were the Founding Fathers "Deists" and "Infidels?" 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC vftonline.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Were the Founding Fathers "Deists," "Freethinkers," and"Infidels?" -- KEVIN CRAIG for Congress 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC kevincraig.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Initially it did not form any congregations, but in time deism led to the development of other religious groups, such as Unitarianism , which later developed into Unitarian Universalism .
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Moreover, such people preferred Deism’s contention that God was a watchmaker who did not interfere with the operation of the universe he wound up as well as its rejection of the deity of Christ, miracles and the authority of the Bible.
  • Deism : The official site of Colonial Williamsburg 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.history.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It continues to this day in the forms of classical deism and modern deism.^ It continues to this day in the form of classical deism and modern deism."
  • http://getglue.com/topics/p/deism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC getglue.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It continues to this day in the form of classical deism and modern deism.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In modern Deism the Deist seeks to incorporate various viewpoints concerning the nature of God to form a belief.

Contents

Overview

.Deism is a theological position (though encompassing a wide variety of view-points) concerning God's relationship with the natural world which emerged during the scientific revolution of seventeenth century Europe and came to exert a powerful influence during the eighteenth century enlightenment.^ In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries deism became synonymous with "natural religion," and deist with "freethinker."

^ Modern deists hold a wide range of views on the nature of God and God's relationship to the world.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "God" and Its relationship with the world check this link.
  • Deism! (worship, God, believe, religion) - Religion and Philosophy - Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Atheism, God, Universe, Science, Spirituality, Faith, Evidence - Page 2 - City-Data Forum 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: Original source]

.By virtue of this, deism as a theological doctrine has had a great influence on the character of the modern world.^ The influence of the imagination upon sick persons is known to be very great, and in many cases of modern date, it has been observed and recorded by physicians to have been surprising.

^ According to this world view, over time "priests" had succeeded in encrusting the original simple, rational religion with all kinds of superstitions and "mysteries" — irrational theological doctrines.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But Deism through Reform Judaism and the influence of Moses Mendelssohn and the German Enlightenment, has influenced modern Judaism.

.Deism holds that God does not intervene with the functioning of the natural world in any way, allowing it to run according to the laws of nature that he configured when he created all things.^ Deism was the religion of an Absentee-Creator God.
  • Rise and Fall of English Deism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ontruth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And where does 'There is a God' define deism?
  • Blog - Evangelical Philosophical Society 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.epsociety.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The claim that their God, Yahweh, is the creator of the world and all things in it is being challenged.

.God is thus conceived to be wholly transcendent and never immanent.^ However, most believe that God is wholly transcendent.

^ Shaftesbury vigorously protests against the notion of a wholly transcendent God.

.For Deists, human beings can only know God via reason and the observation of nature but not by revelation or supernatural manifestations (such as miracles) – phenomena which deists regard with caution if not scepticism.^ Reason is the foundation with Nature and Experience being the basis for a belief in God.

^ Deists value reason, nature and experience.

^ Such a revelation was only for the ignorant.
  • Lecture 4 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.See the section Features of deism, following.^ See the section Features of deism , below.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Following Sir Leslie Stephen 's English Thought in the Eighteenth Century , most commentators agree that two features constituted the core of Deism: .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.Deism can also refer to a personal set of beliefs having to do with the role of nature in spirituality[3].^ Deism can also refer to a personal set of beliefs having to do with the role of nature in spirituality.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Deism is a natural religion that started roughly 400 years ago with roots to ancient Greece and was primarily the belief of the intellectual class.

^ He learned to appreciate Deism, which was popular among many educated men of faith at the time, because it is the belief in the existence of God on the evidence of reason and nature, with rejection of superstition.
  • OpEdNews - Article: Most of the Founding Fathers and Early Presidents Were Deists and Freemasons, Not Christians 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.opednews.com [Source type: General]

.Deism can be a belief in deity absent any doctrinal governance or precise definition of the nature of such a deity.^ Conversely, Deism can be a belief in deity absent any doctrinal governance or precise definition of the nature of such deity.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Deism is a natural religion that started roughly 400 years ago with roots to ancient Greece and was primarily the belief of the intellectual class.

^ He learned to appreciate Deism, which was popular among many educated men of faith at the time, because it is the belief in the existence of God on the evidence of reason and nature, with rejection of superstition.
  • OpEdNews - Article: Most of the Founding Fathers and Early Presidents Were Deists and Freemasons, Not Christians 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.opednews.com [Source type: General]

Deism bears a relationship to naturalism. .As such Deism gives credit for the formation of life and the universe to a higher power that by design allows only natural processes to govern creation.^ Certainly a being that created the universe would have such power.
  • Deism: FAQ | God vs. the Bible 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.godvsthebible.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Most Deists believed that God created the universe perfectly and so there is no need to pray because nothing can alter the fundamental nature of the universe even God correct?
  • FINDING MY RELIGION / David L. Holmes author of 'The Faiths of the Founding Fathers' on how faith operated in the lives of our country's first leaders - SFGate 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC articles.sfgate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Today, hardware complexity has grown to such a degree that a schematic with logic gates is almost useless as it shows only a web of connectivity and not the functionality of design.
  • The Source Code Is The Design 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC xp.c2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The words deism and theism are both derived from the word god:
.
  • The root of the word deism is the Latin word deus, which means "god".
  • The root of the word theism is the Greek word theos (θεός), which also means "god".
Prior to the 17th century the terms ["Deism" and "Deist"] were used interchangeably with the terms "theism" and "theist", respectively.^ The words Deism and theism are etymologically cognate, both being derived from ancient forms of the word god , with theism deriving from the Greek theos (θεóς) and Deism from the Latin deus .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ French déisme, from Latin deus, god.
  • Deist Deism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC deist.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The confusion would be understandable given that the two terms’ derivations differ merely in that deist comes from the Latin deus and theist from the Greek theos, and that both mean “god”.
  • New Statesman - Britain�s hidden religion 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.newstatesman.com [Source type: Original source]

... .Theologians and philosophers of the seventeenth century began to give a different signification to the words....^ Theologians and philosophers of the seventeenth century began to give a different signification to the words....
  • Deism - Wikiquote 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The individual slowly separated from the collective and began to develop as an antithesis of the collective agrarian society of prior centuries; thus, giving rise to a wave of new philosophical thought that evolved into the popular movement of the Enlightenment.
  • The power of the individual: The American Enlightenment and Romanticism 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC anthologyoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Possibly the greatest philosophical question of the 21st century is the resolution of religious faith with the growing realization of the very different nature of the material world.
  • Religion - Salon.com 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: Original source]

.Both [theists and Deists] asserted belief in one supreme God, the Creator....^ This is known as monotheism, a belief in one supreme God.

^ What do Deists think created God?

^ Both Deist and Theist means belief in .
  • New Statesman - Britain�s hidden religion 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.newstatesman.com [Source type: Original source]

and agreed that .God is personal and distinct from the world.^ God is personal and distinct from the world.
  • Deism - Wikiquote 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The latter has a special love and care for particular peoples and persons, unlike the deist god, who is impersonal and indifferent to the world he sets in motion.
  • Was Washington Really a Deist? | First Things 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.firstthings.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Two distinctive features: 1- A "mystical experience", is the best way to know God: The "witness of the Spirit" to the individual, with personal assurance of salvation, the "heartwarming experience".
  • Eighteen century history of the church, saints and heresies 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC religi3.securesites.net [Source type: Original source]

.But the theist taught that God remained actively interested in and operative in the world which he had made, whereas the Deist maintained that God endowed the world at creation with self-sustaining and self-acting powers and then abandoned it to the operation of these powers acting as second causes.^ God by these elements of the creation.
  • Providence 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC home.paonline.com [Source type: Original source]

^ God did not create the world, He became the world.
  • Pandeism - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Is God powerful enough to create a world but not powerful enough to speak to all parts of Creation?
  • Deism: FAQ | God vs. the Bible 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.godvsthebible.com [Source type: Original source]

[4]
.A helpful discussion of deism, theism, and other positions on divine beings can be found in the theism article.^ A helpful discussion of deism, theism, and other positions on divine beings can be found in the theism article.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Deism, on the other hand — there’s a discussion to be had.
  • The Deist Skeptic — Not A Contradiction » Comment Page 2 | Young Australian Skeptics 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.youngausskeptics.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The position of the article was not that source code makes all other documentation obsolete, it is simply that the act of programming is designing.
  • The Source Code Is The Design 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC xp.c2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Perhaps the first use of the term deist is in Pierre Viret's Instruction Chrétienne en la doctrine de la foi et de l'Évangile (Christian teaching on the doctrine of faith and the Gospel) (1564), reprinted in Bayle's Dictionnaire entry Viret. Viret, a Calvinist, regarded deism as a new form of Italian heresy.^ It might be formed by the Bible and Christian teaching.
  • 01b What in the world DUNCAN 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.fpcjackson.org [Source type: Original source]

^ J'en appale à la bonne foi de nos observateurs.
  • Man a Machine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.cscs.umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Viret, a Calvinist , regarded deism as a new form of Italian heresy.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

[5] Viret wrote, as translated following from the original French:
.
There are many who confess that while they believe like the Turks and the Jews that there is some sort of God and some sort of deity, yet with regard to Jesus Christ and to all that to which the doctrine of the Evangelists and the Apostles testify, they take all that to be fables and dreams....^ The design they detected in nature lead them to believe there is a Designer of nature, which is God.
  • THE DEIST ROOTS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC 911review.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There are many who confess that while they believe like the Turks and the Jews that there is some sort of God and some sort of deity, yet with regard to Jesus Christ and to all that to which the doctrine of the Evangelists and the Apostles testify, they take all that to be fables and dreams ....
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They were skeptics all -- scoffers some.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.I have heard that there are of this band those who call themselves Deists, an entirely new word, which they want to oppose to Atheist.^ But for those who want to call the shots, who want to pretend they are already divine,.
  • Pantheism and Biblical Christianity 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC au.christiantoday.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Well, what were they if not deists or atheists ?
  • Meet the Founding Fathers Blog - Information, Comments, Reviews // BlogCatalog 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.blogcatalog.com [Source type: General]

^ I have heard that there are of this band those who call themselves Deists, an entirely new word, which they want to oppose to Atheist.
  • Deism - Wikiquote 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.For in that atheist signifies a person who is without God, they want to make it understood that they are not at all without God, since they certainly believe there is some sort of God, whom they even recognize as creator of heaven and earth, as do the Turks; but as for Jesus Christ, they only know that he is and hold nothing concerning him nor his doctrine.^ And without God there is no life.
  • A Reason For Faith? - Catholic Answers Forums 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are all sorts of religious beliefs.
  • Liberty Magazine | The Tangled Web of Ceremonial Deism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.libertymagazine.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The design they detected in nature lead them to believe there is a Designer of nature, which is God.
  • THE DEIST ROOTS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC 911review.org [Source type: Original source]

[5]
.In England, the term deist first appeared in Robert Burton's The Anatomy of Melancholy (1621).^ Viret wrote: In England, the term deist first appeared in Robert Burton 's The Anatomy of Melancholy (1621).
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the United Kingdom , the term Deist first appeared in Robert Burton 's The Anatomy of Melancholy (1621).
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps the first use of the term Deist is in Pierre Viret 's Instruction Chrestienne (1564), reprinted in Bayle's Dictionnaire entry Viret .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

[6]
.Lord Herbert of Cherbury (d.^ De veritate / by Edward, lord Herbert of Cherbury, translated with an introduction by Meyrick H. Carré.

^ Its main principles are to be found in the writings of Lord Herbert of Cherbury (d.
  • English Deism [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Note the reference to Descartes' "clear and distinct ideas" ↑ Note the reference to Lord Herbert of Cherbury's "common notions" ↑ Orr, John (1934).
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.1648) is generally considered the "father of English deism," and his book De Veritate (1624) the first major statement of deism.^ English Deism", and his book De Veritate (1624) the first major statement of Deism.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ English deism", and his book De Veritate ( On Truth, as It Is Distinguished from Revelation, the Probable, the Possible, and the False ) (1624) the first major statement of deism.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ English deism", and his book De Veritate (1624) the first major statement of deism.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

.Deism flourished in England between 1690 and 1740, at which time Matthew Tindal's Christianity as Old as the Creation (1730), also called "The Deist's Bible," gained much attention.^ In Christianity as Old as the Creation , Tindal articulated a number of the basic tenets of Deism: .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The flowering of British Deism (1690–1740) .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Matthew Tindal's Christianity as Old as Creation (1730)."

.Later deism spread to France, notably through the work of Voltaire, to Germany, and to America.^ Later Deism spread to France, notably via the work of Voltaire , to Germany , and to America.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Deism was a fundamentally English phenomenon, attributed to Herbert of Cherbury although there were some non-English Deists - Voltaire in France thought of himself as a French Deist.
  • 01b What in the world DUNCAN 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.fpcjackson.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Deism therefore may be said to have perished, not only in the United States but also in England, France, and Germany.

Features of deism

Critical and constructive deism

.The concept of deism covers a wide variety of positions on a wide variety of religious issues.^ The concept of deism covers a wide variety of positions on a wide variety of religious issues.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The concept of Deism covers a wide variety of positions on a wide variety of religious issues.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Finally because of religious freedom issues and the evolution of the concept of science names from before the seventeenth century will be noted as such.
  • Famous Adherents: Internal Use 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Following Sir Leslie Stephen's English Thought in the Eighteenth Century, most commentators agree that two features constituted the core of deism:
Critical elements of deist thought included:
  • Rejection of all religions based on books that claim to contain the revealed word of God.
  • Rejection of reports of miracles, prophecies and religious "mysteries".
Constructive elements of deist thought included:
  • God exists, created and governs the universe.
  • God gave humans the ability to reason.
  • God wants human beings to behave morally.
  • Human beings have souls that survive death; That is, there is an afterlife.
.Specific thoughts on aspects of the afterlife will vary.^ Specific thoughts on aspects of the afterlife will vary.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

.While there are those who maintain that God will punish or reward us according to our behavior on Earth, likewise there are those who assert that any punishment or reward that is due to us is given during our mortal stay on Earth.^ That there is a future state of rewards and punishments .
  • Were the Founding Fathers "Deists" and "Infidels?" 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC vftonline.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Were the Founding Fathers "Deists," "Freethinkers," and"Infidels?" -- KEVIN CRAIG for Congress 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC kevincraig.us [Source type: Original source]

^ To you there is no God, no punishment nor reward.
  • IslamiCity Forum - Islamic Discussion Forum: Concept of Creation VS Chance 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.islamicity.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the afterlife, God will reward moral behavior and punish immoral behavior.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.Individual deists varied in the set of critical and constructive elements for which they argued.^ Critical elements of Deist thought have included: .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Individual Deists varied in the set of critical and constructive elements for which they argued.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Constructive elements of Deist thought have included: .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.Some deists rejected miracles and prophecies but still considered themselves Christians because they believed in what they felt to be the pure, original form of Christianity – that is, Christianity as it existed before it was corrupted by additions of such superstitions as miracles, prophecies, and the doctrine of the Trinity.^ Some Deists rejected miracles and prophecies but still considered themselves Christians because they believed in what they felt to be the pure, original form of Christianity — that is, Christianity as it existed before it was corrupted by additions of such superstitions as miracles, prophecies, and the doctrine of the Trinity.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Do Deists consider themselves as people of faith?

^ He believed in biblical prophecies, but rejected the doctrines of the Trinity and Incarnation as irrational.
  • The Deist Minimum | First Things 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.firstthings.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some deists rejected the claim of Jesus' divinity but continued to hold him in high regard as a moral teacher (see, e.g., Thomas Jefferson's famous Jefferson Bible and Matthew Tindal's 'Christianity as Old as the Creation').^ So Thomas Jefferson was the creator of Judeo – Christian values, and Christian values is an explicit rejection of Christianity itself!
  • If The Declaration of Independence Is A Deist Document Then Why Do Christians Respect It? « Jesus Christ Is Lord 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC healtheland.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Jefferson also rejected the Conventional Christian teachings on Jesus himself.
  • Governor's office issues response to Country Crossing raid being stopped | Dothan Eagle 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www2.dothaneagle.com [Source type: General]

^ Matthew Tindal's Christianity as Old as Creation (1730)."

.Other, more radical deists rejected Christianity altogether and expressed hostility toward Christianity, which they regarded as pure superstition.^ They, like others of their day, were deists.
  • "Constitution written by deists, not Christians" : Letters to the Editor : Blogs : News-Record.com : Greensboro, North Carolina 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC blog.news-record.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They, like others of their day, were deists."
  • "Constitution written by deists, not Christians" : Letters to the Editor : Blogs : News-Record.com : Greensboro, North Carolina 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC blog.news-record.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Other, more radical deists rejected Christianity altogether and expressed hostility toward Christianity, which they regarded as pure superstition.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

.In return, Christian writers often charged radical deists with atheism.^ In return, Christian writers often charged radical deists with atheism .
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And so very often what you find in Deism is that the deist is borrowing his capital from Christian thinking.
  • 01b What in the world DUNCAN 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.fpcjackson.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Saying a deist would be closer to atheism than Christianity is a little goofy, dontcha think?
  • Michelle Malkin » Sunday open thread 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

Note that the terms constructive and critical are used to refer to aspects of deistic thought, not sects or subtypes of deism – it would be incorrect to classify any particular deist author as "a constructive deist" or "a critical deist". As Peter Gay notes:
.
All Deists were in fact both critical and constructive Deists.^ All Deists were in fact both critical and constructive Deists.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Critical elements of deist thought included: Rejection of all religions based on books that claim to contain the revealed word of God.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Deist Clockwork Cosmos is one in which God set in motion a set of physical laws governing the evolution of all things, both living and non-living elements of the Cosmos.
  • Deist Clockwork Evolution vs Creationism vs Atheistic Evolution | Socyberty 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC socyberty.com [Source type: Original source]

.All sought to destroy in order to build, and reasoned either from the absurdity of Christianity to the need for a new philosophy or from their desire for a new philosophy to the absurdity of Christianity.^ All sought to destroy in order to build, and reasoned either from the absurdity of Christianity to the need for a new philosophy or from their desire for a new philosophy to the absurdity of Christianity.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After reflection Allen agreed, there is no need for Christianity, he reasoned.
  • THE DEIST ROOTS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC 911review.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The "philosophies" were either atheists or anti-clericalists and their new materialism excludes the possibility of the existence of God or the possibility that God intrudes into nature or intervenes in the affairs of men.
  • Evolution vs. intelligent design: which model has more integrity? 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.renewamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

Each Deist, to be sure, had his special competence. .While one specialized in abusing priests, another specialized in rhapsodies to nature, and a third specialized in the skeptical reading of sacred documents.^ We need one another as a species.
  • Deist Clockwork Evolution vs Creationism vs Atheistic Evolution | Socyberty 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC socyberty.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While one specialized in abusing priests, another specialized in rhapsodies to nature, and a third specialized in the skeptical reading of sacred documents.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Nature itself is one miracle after another.

.Yet whatever strength the movement had— and it was at times formidable— it derived that strength from a peculiar combination of critical and constructive elements.
Peter Gay ,  Deism: An Anthology, p.^ As Peter Gay notes: It should be noted, however, that the constructive element of deism was not unique to deism.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Yet whatever strength the movement had— and it was at times formidable— it derived that strength from a peculiar combination of critical and constructive elements.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Critical and constructive deism .
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

13'
.It should be noted, however, that the constructive element of deism was not unique to deism.^ It should be noted, however, that the constructive element of Deism was not unique to Deism.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As Peter Gay notes: It should be noted, however, that the constructive element of deism was not unique to deism.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of the remarkable features of deism is that the critical elements did not overpower the constructive elements.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

.It was the same as the natural theology that was so prevalent in all English theology in the 17th and 18th centuries.^ It was the same as the natural theology that was so prevalent in all English theology in the 17th and 18th centuries.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The word Deism is generally used to refer to the movement toward natural theology or freethinking that occurred in 17th-century Europe, and specifically in Britain.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Dryden had sneered that “Priests of all religions are the same,” and both English and continental deism were marked by an unremitting attack on the notion of sacerdos , the authority of the priesthood itself.
  • Deism | Oxford Ency of Enlightenment | MyWire 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.mywire.com [Source type: Original source]

.What set deists apart from their more orthodox contemporaries was their critical concerns.^ What set deists apart from their more orthodox contemporaries was their critical concerns.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What set Deists apart from their more orthodox contemporaries was their critical concerns.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Second letter to a deist, concerning a late book entitled Christianity as old as the creation, more particularly that chapter which relates to Dr. Clarke, by the author of the former.

.
Defining the essence of English Deism is a formidable task.^ Defining the essence of English Deism is a formidable task.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.Like priestcraft, atheism, and freethinking, Deism was one of the dirty words of the age.^ Like priestcraft , atheism , and freethinking , Deism was one of the dirty words of the age.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One of the critical elements of deism is the rejection of all religions based on books that claim to contain the revealed word of God.
  • "Constitution written by deists, not Christians" : Letters to the Editor : Blogs : News-Record.com : Greensboro, North Carolina 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC blog.news-record.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It even sounds a little childish, one of those words like "maked" or "goed" that children construct before they learn to use irregular verbs.
  • Beck Calls 'Bullcrap' On Palin's Non-Answer About Favorite Founding Father (VIDEO) | TPM LiveWire 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC tpmlivewire.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Deists were stigmatized – often as atheists – by their Christian opponents.^ He's not an atheist or a deist, but he's no Christian either.
  • Answering Roger Kimball : Dispatches from the Culture Wars 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Deists were stigmatized — often as atheists — by their Christian opponents.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Another reason is that when I call my self a deist in front of atheists, it often results in a really cool discussion with intelligent people.
  • The Deist Skeptic – Not A Contradiction 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC podblack.com [Source type: Original source]

.Yet some Deists claimed to be Christian, and as Leslie Stephen argued in retrospect, the Deists shared so many fundamental rational suppositions with their orthodox opponents...^ Yet some Deists claimed to be Christian, and as Leslie Stephen argued in retrospect, the Deists shared so many fundamental rational suppositions with their orthodox opponents...
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Many of the founders were Deists, not Christians.
  • Things that liberals and conservatives agree on? - Page 2 - ArcheryTalk Forum: Target & Bowhunting Chat 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.archerytalk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Deists was none too impressive; and the opponents of Deism finally mustered some formidable spokesmen.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

that it is practically impossible to distinguish between them. .But the term Deism is nevertheless a meaningful one....^ But the term Deism is nevertheless a meaningful one....
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The term "Deism" originally referred to a belief in one deity, as contrasted with the belief in no God (Atheism) and belief in many Gods (Polytheism).
  • The Founding Fathers and Deism 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Too many men of letters of the time agree about the essential nature of English Deism for modern scholars to ignore the simple fact that what sets the Deists apart from even their most latitudinarian Christian contemporaries is their desire to lay aside scriptural revelation as rationally incomprehensible, and thus useless, or even detrimental, to human society and to religion.^ Most deists saw the religions of their day as corruptions of an original, pure religion that was simple and rational.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Again, most were Deist with a moral system derived from the Judeo-Christian Scriptures.
  • Palin’s Pentecostal-Size Problem « The Political Inquirer 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC politicalinquirer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Even most Christians do not consider Jefferson a Christian.
  • Little-Known U.S. Document Proclaims America's Government is Secular - The Early America Review, Summer 1997 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.earlyamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

.While there may possibly be exceptions, ...^ While there may possibly be exceptions, ...
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

most .Deists, especially as the eighteenth century wears on, agree that revealed Scripture is nothing but a joke or "well-invented flam."^ Deists, especially as the eighteenth century wears on, agree that revealed Scripture is nothing but a joke or "well-invented flam."
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Following Sir Leslie Stephen 's English Thought in the Eighteenth Century , most commentators agree that two features constituted the core of deism: The rejection of revealed religion this was the critical aspect of deism.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Most Deist argumentation attacking the literal interpretation of Scripture as divine revelation leaned upon the findings of 17th-century biblical criticism.
  • glossary 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.duke.edu [Source type: Original source]

.About mid-century, John Leland, in his historical and analytical account of the movement [View of the Principal Deistical Writers], squarely states that the rejection of revealed Scripture is the characteristic element of Deism, a view further codified by such authorities as Ephraim Chambers and Samuel Johnson.^ See John Leland , A View of the Principal Deistical Writers (2 vols., 1754-1756; ed.

^ About mid-century, John Leland , in his historical and analytical account of the movement [ View of the Principal Deistical Writers ], squarely states that the rejection of revealed Scripture is the characteristic element of Deism, a view further codified by such authorities as Ephraim Chambers and Samuel Johnson .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Scholars have argued that, as a self-conscious movement, evangelicalism did not arise until the mid-seventeenth century, perhaps not until the Great Awakening itself.
  • Religion in 18th-Century America (Religion and the Founding of the American Republic, Library of Congress Exhibition) 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

... "DEISM," writes Stephens bluntly, "is a denial of all reveal'd Religion."
James E. Force ,  Introduction (1990) to An Account of the Growth of Deism in England (1696) by William Stephens'
.One of the remarkable features of deism is that the critical elements did not overpower the constructive elements.^ One of the remarkable features of deism is that the critical elements did not overpower the constructive elements.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ James E. Force, Introduction (1990) to An Account of the Growth of Deism in England (1696) by William Stephens One of the remarkable features of Deism is that the critical elements did not overpower the constructive elements.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Critical and constructive deism .
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

As E. Graham Waring observed,[7] "A strange feature of the [Deist] controversy is the apparent acceptance of all parties of the conviction of the existence of God." And Basil Willey observed[8]
M. Paul Hazard has recently described the Deists of this time 'as rationalists with nostalgia for religion': men, that is, who had allowed the spirit of the age to separate them from orthodoxy, but who liked to believe that the slope they had started upon was not slippery enough to lead them to atheism.

Concepts of "reason"

."Reason" was the ultimate court of appeal for deists.^ "Reason" was the ultimate court of appeal for Deists.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Reason" was the ultimate court of appeal for deists.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Tindal presents a Lockean definition of reason, self-evident truth, and the light of nature: Deists did appeal to "the light of nature" to support the self-evident nature of their positive religious claims.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

Tindal presents a Lockean definition of reason, self-evident truth, and the light of nature:
By the rational faculties, then, we mean the natural ability a man has to apprehend, judge, and infer:
.The immediate objects of which faculties are not the things themselves, but the ideas the mind conceives of them....^ By the rational faculties, then, we mean the natural ability a man has to apprehend, judge, and infer: The immediate objects of which faculties are not the things themselves, but the ideas the mind conceives of them....
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Those who object to the idea that something can come from nothing haven't thought about things very hard at all.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ They acknowledge mind and intelligence to be, not only the ultimate and original cause of all things, but the immediate and sole cause of every event which appears in nature.
  • Rise and Fall of English Deism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ontruth.com [Source type: Original source]

Knowledge [is]... .the perception of the agreement or disagreement of our ideas. And any two of these, when joined together so as to be affirmed or denied of each other, make what we call a proposition...^ And any two of these, when joined together so as to be affirmed or denied of each other, make what we call a proposition ...
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Knowledge accrues either immediately on the bare intuition of these two ideas or terms so joined, and is therefore styled intuitive knowledge or self-evident truth , or by the intervention of some other idea or ideas ....
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Indeed, these accusations also make little sense given the interview that Flew gave to none other than his former debate opponent, Gary Habermas.
  • Review There is a God by Antony Flew 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC creation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Knowledge accrues either immediately on the bare intuition of these two ideas or terms so joined, and is therefore styled intuitive knowledge or self-evident truth, or by the intervention of some other idea or ideas ......^ Knowledge accrues either immediately on the bare intuition of these two ideas or terms so joined, and is therefore styled intuitive knowledge or self-evident truth , or by the intervention of some other idea or ideas ....
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Now AR [absolute perfection in some respects, relative perfection in all others] is equally far from either of these doctrines; thanks to its two-aspect view of God, it is able consistently to embrace all that is positive in either deism or pandeism.
  • Pandeism - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Those propositions which need no proof, we call self-evident; because by comparing the ideas signified by the terms of such propositions, we immediately discern their agreement, or disagreement: This is, as I said before, what we call intuitive knowledge....
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

this is called demonstrative knowledge...
.If there were not some propositions which need not to be proved, it would be in vain for men to argue with one another [because there would be no basis for demonstrative reasoning] ...^ There is some uncertainty as to what this claim that no one would invent is.
  • Fideist Apologetics: By Faith Alone | Bible.org; NET Bible, Bible Study 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC bible.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If there were not some propositions which need not to be proved, it would be in vain for men to argue with one another [because there would be no basis for demonstrative reasoning] ...
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However, there is no need to do this.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Those propositions which need no proof, we call self-evident; because by comparing the ideas signified by the terms of such propositions, we immediately discern their agreement, or disagreement: This is, as I said before, what we call intuitive knowledge....^ Those propositions which need no proof, we call self-evident; because by comparing the ideas signified by the terms of such propositions, we immediately discern their agreement, or disagreement: This is, as I said before, what we call intuitive knowledge....
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ [Intuitive knowledge] may, I think, be called divine inspiration as being immediately from God, and not acquired by any human deduction or drawing of consequences: This, certainly, is that divine, that uniform light, which shines in the minds of all men...
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And no idea of perverse wickedness can be framed, which those terrified devotees do not readily, without scruple, apply to their deity.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

[Intuitive knowledge] may, .I think, be called divine inspiration as being immediately from God, and not acquired by any human deduction or drawing of consequences: This, certainly, is that divine, that uniform light, which shines in the minds of all men...^ What if it all came from Divine Inspiration?
  • www.SPINEBUSTER.com • View topic - The Deist's Domain 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ocman.com [Source type: Original source]

^ [Intuitive knowledge] may, I think, be called divine inspiration as being immediately from God, and not acquired by any human deduction or drawing of consequences: This, certainly, is that divine, that uniform light, which shines in the minds of all men...
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "That’s thinking like a human, not like a God.
  • Pandeism - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

Matthew Tindal ,  Christianity as Old as the Creation (II)[9]
.Deists did appeal to "the light of nature" to support the self-evident nature of their positive religious claims.^ Matthew Tindal, Christianity as Old as the Creation (II) [9] Deists did appeal to "the light of nature" to support the self-evident nature of their positive religious claims.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Tindal presents a Lockean definition of reason, self-evident truth, and the light of nature: Deists did appeal to "the light of nature" to support the self-evident nature of their positive religious claims.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grand Prairie, TX asks: How can the religious right claim America is founded on Christian values when most of our founding fathers were Deist?

.
By natural religion, I understand the belief of the existence of a God, and the sense and practice of those duties which result from the knowledge we, by our reason, have of him and his perfections; and of ourselves, and our own imperfections, and of the relationship we stand in to him, and to our fellow-creatures; so that the religion of nature takes in everything that is founded on the reason and nature of things.^ But this is in a general sense a reasonable thing to try to do.
  • uuworld.org : the interdependent web: January 03, 2010 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.uuworld.org [Source type: General]

^ Deism is a belief in God based on Nature and Reason.

^ By natural religion, I understand the belief of the existence of a God, and the sense and practice of those duties which result from the knowledge we, by our reason, have of him and his perfections; and of ourselves, and our own imperfections, and of the relationship we stand in to him, and to our fellow-creatures; so that the religion of nature takes in everything that is founded on the reason and nature of things.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.I suppose you will allow that it is evident by the light of nature that there is a God, or in other words, a being absolutely perfect, and infinitely happy in himself, who is the source of all other beings....^ In other words, an anthropomorphic God.
  • Pantheism Today | Exploring Pantheism 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.pantheismtoday.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is a Word of God; there is a revelation.
  • The Age Of Reason - Part I - Thomas Paine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.thomaspaine.org [Source type: Original source]

^ First of all God being infinite (by that I presume you mean God was always there) does not mean that other Gods cannot exist.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

Matthew Tindal , Christianity as Old as the Creation (II)[10]
.Once a proposition is asserted to be a self-evident truth, there is not much more to say about it.^ There's really not much more to say.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ There is still so much more to learn.
  • Deist Clockwork Evolution vs Creationism vs Atheistic Evolution | Socyberty 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC socyberty.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Once a proposition is asserted to be a self-evident truth, there is not much more to say about it.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

.Consequently, deist authors attempted to use reason as a critical tool for exposing and rejecting what they saw as nonsense.^ Consequently, deist authors attempted to use reason as a critical tool for exposing and rejecting what they saw as nonsense.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Consequently, Deist authors expended most of their ink using reason as a critical tool for exposing and rejecting what they saw as nonsense.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Christian Deists believe that reason is a gift given graciously to us from God, and that He wants us to make use of it in our daily lives.
  • Christian Deism: The Human Jesus 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.Here are two typical examples.^ Here are two typical examples.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.The first is from John Toland's Christianity Not Mysterious.^ Peter Gay places the zenith of Deism "from the end of the 1690s, when the vehement response to John Toland 's Christianity Not Mysterious (1696) started the Deist debate, to the end of the 1740s when the tepid response to Middleton's Free Inquiry signalized its close."
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The first is from John Toland 's Christianity Not Mysterious .
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Toland was violent; his denial of all mystery in religion was supported by analogies among Christian, Judaic, and pagan esoteric religious practices, equally condemned as the machinations of priests.
  • glossary 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.duke.edu [Source type: Original source]

[11]
I hope to make it appear that the use of reason is not so dangerous in religion
as it is commonly represented. ...
.There is nothing that men make a greater noise about than the "mysteries of the Christian religion."^ Why is there uncertainty about nothing?
  • Deism! (worship, God, believe, religion) - Religion and Philosophy - Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Atheism, God, Universe, Science, Spirituality, Faith, Evidence - Page 2 - City-Data Forum 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, there is nothing > about God there.
  • Patrick Henry - [For Christ & Liberty] - Atheism vs Christianity | Google Groups 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, there is nothing > > > about God there.
  • Patrick Henry - [For Christ & Liberty] - Atheism vs Christianity | Google Groups 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.The divines gravely tell us "we must adore what we cannot comprehend."^ The divines gravely tell us "we must adore what we cannot comprehend."
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And that though we cannot reconcile them by reason of our corrupt and limited understandings, yet that from the authority of divine revelation we are bound to believe and acquiesce in them; or, as the fathers taught them to speak, to "adore what we cannot comprehend."
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "The New Testament, they tell us, is founded upon the prophecies of the Old; if so, it must follow the fate of its foundation.''
  • Our Founding Fathers Were NOT Christians 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC freethought.mbdojo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some of them say the "mysteries of the Gospel" are to be understood only in the sense of the "ancient fathers."^ Some of them say the "mysteries of the Gospel" are to be understood only in the sense of the "ancient fathers."
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It seems to make the most logical sense--unlike athiests, I feel that to say there is not a Supreme Power of some kind is illogical.
  • Deism! (worship, God, believe, religion) - Religion and Philosophy - Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Atheism, God, Universe, Science, Spirituality, Faith, Evidence - Page 2 - City-Data Forum 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If the Fathers of the First Century do mention some passages that are agreeable to what we read in our Evangelists, will it follow that these Fathers had the same gospels before them?
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

... [Some] contend [that] some mysteries may be, or at least seem to be, contrary to reason, and yet received by faith. [Others contend] that no mystery is contrary to reason, but that all are "above" it.[12]
.On the contrary, we hold that reason is the only foundation of all certitude, and that nothing revealed, whether as to its manner or existence, is more exempted from its disquisitions than the ordinary phenomena of nature.^ Reason is the only Foundation of all Certitude; and that nothing reveal'd, whether as to its Manner of Existence, is more exempted from is Disquisitions, than the ordinary Phenomena of Nature.
  • Rise and Fall of English Deism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ontruth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the contrary, we hold that reason is the only foundation of all certitude, and that nothing revealed, whether as to its manner or existence, is more exempted from its disquisitions than the ordinary phenomena of nature.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Deists infer the existence of God from observation, experience and reason, not from the sacred texts, miracles and divine revelations that form the foundation of "revealed" religions such as Christianity, Judaism and Islam.
  • Christian Deism: The Human Jesus 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.Wherefore, we likewise maintain, according to the title of this discourse, that there is nothing in the Gospel contrary to reason, nor above it; and that no Christian doctrine can be properly called a mystery.^ Christianity not mysterious, or, A treatise shewing that there is nothing in the Gospel contrary to reason, nor above it [microform] : and that no Christian doctrine can be properly call'd a mystery / by John Toland.

^ Wherefore, we likewise maintain, according to the title of this discourse, that there is nothing in the Gospel contrary to reason, nor above it; and that no Christian doctrine can be properly called a mystery.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no reason to believe that Bush is actually a believing Christian.

...
.Now, as we are extremely subject to deception, we may without some infallible rule, often take a questionable proposition for an axiom, old wives' fables for moral certitude, and human impostures for divine revelation....^ Now, as we are extremely subject to deception, we may without some infallible rule, often take a questionable proposition for an axiom, old wives' fables for moral certitude, and human impostures for divine revelation....
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ God is all powerful and dispassionate God ruled over an orderly universe governed by deterministic Newtonian laws discounted possibility of divine intervention through miracles questioned the possibility of divine revelation The purpose of religion was to teach obedience to moral law Religious emotion should be looked down upon .
  • Living as an Episcopalian 1. History 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.stjohnadulted.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The manner in which it is here used strips it of all religious meaning, and shews that a man might then be a prophet, or he might Prophesy, as he may now be a poet or a musician, without any regard to the morality or the immorality of his character.
  • The Age Of Reason - Part I - Thomas Paine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.thomaspaine.org [Source type: Original source]

.I take it to be very intelligible from the precedent section that what is evidently repugnant to clear and distinct ideas,[13] or to our common notions,[14] is contrary to reason.^ I take it to be very intelligible from the precedent section that what is evidently repugnant to clear and distinct ideas, [13] or to our common notions, [14] is contrary to reason.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Baruch, Fri Nov 27 14:13 but I can argue the idea from either side.
  • OCRT Forum - Deism is a loaded word so I don't use that ... 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC disc.yourwebapps.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Shalom Re: Demonizing opponents is a common tribal device ;-( — ipirate2, Sun Nov 29 14:17 One of our most endearing qualities.
  • OCRT Forum - Deism is a loaded word so I don't use that ... 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC disc.yourwebapps.com [Source type: Original source]

... .No Christian that I know of expressly says reason and the Gospel are contrary to one another.^ No Christian that I know of expressly says reason and the Gospel are contrary to one another.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We have no way of knowing which ones.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Some compromise will have to be devised, but what this compromise might be no one really knows.
  • Judeo-Masonic Thought And The Birth Of The Modern - New English Review 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newenglishreview.org [Source type: Original source]

.But very many affirm that ...^ But very many affirm that ...
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

according to our conceptions of them [i.e. reason and the .Gospel] they seem directly to clash.^ Gospel] they seem directly to clash.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.And that though we cannot reconcile them by reason of our corrupt and limited understandings, yet that from the authority of divine revelation we are bound to believe and acquiesce in them; or, as the fathers taught them to speak, to "adore what we cannot comprehend."^ And that though we cannot reconcile them by reason of our corrupt and limited understandings, yet that from the authority of divine revelation we are bound to believe and acquiesce in them; or, as the fathers taught them to speak, to "adore what we cannot comprehend."
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The divines gravely tell us "we must adore what we cannot comprehend."
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Revelation is necessarily limited to the first communication- after this, it is only an account of something which that person says was a revelation made to him; and though he may find himself obliged to believe it, it cannot be incumbent on me to believe it in the same manner; for it was not a revelation made to me, and I have only his word for it that it was made to him.
  • Christian Deism: The Human Jesus 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.This famous and admirable doctrine is the undoubted source of all the absurdities that ever were seriously vented among Christians.^ This famous and admirable doctrine is the undoubted source of all the absurdities that ever were seriously vented among Christians.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And since then all sorts of groups have been able to get away with publicly calling themselves "Christian" even though they don't believe in orthodox doctrine.
  • American Revolution Blog: Will the Real Deist/Christian Please Stand Up: James Madison 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC americanrevolutionblog.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All sought to destroy in order to build, and reasoned either from the absurdity of Christianity to the need for a new philosophy or from their desire for a new philosophy to the absurdity of Christianity.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.Without the pretense of it, we should never hear of transubstantiation, and other ridiculous fables of the Church of Rome.^ Without the pretense of it, we should never hear of transubstantiation , and other ridiculous fables of the Church of Rome.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The church should learn to respect honesty herself before she charges others with dishonesty.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The church became as crowded with the one, as the pantheon had been with the other; and Rome was the place of both.
  • The Age Of Reason - Part I - Thomas Paine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.thomaspaine.org [Source type: Original source]

.Nor should we be ever bantered with the Lutheran impanation....^ Nor should we be ever bantered with the Lutheran impanation ....
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.The first thing I shall insist upon is that if any doctrine of the New Testament be contrary to reason, we have no manner of idea of it.^ The first thing I shall insist upon is that if any doctrine of the New Testament be contrary to reason, we have no manner of idea of it.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I take it to be very intelligible from the precedent section that what is evidently repugnant to clear and distinct ideas, [13] or to our common notions, [14] is contrary to reason.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Ideas must be distinct before reason can act upon them; > > > > and no man ever had a distinct idea of the trinity.
  • Patrick Henry - [For Christ & Liberty] - Atheism vs Christianity | Google Groups 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.To say, for instance, that a ball is white and black at once is to say just nothing, for these colors are so incompatible in the same subject as to exclude all possibility of a real positive idea or conception.^ To say, for instance, that a ball is white and black at once is to say just nothing, for these colors are so incompatible in the same subject as to exclude all possibility of a real positive idea or conception.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These really aren’t all that different.
  • The Deist Skeptic – Not A Contradiction 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC podblack.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So to say as the papists that children dying before baptism are damned without pain signifies nothing at all.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.So to say as the papists that children dying before baptism are damned without pain signifies nothing at all.^ So to say as the papists that children dying before baptism are damned without pain signifies nothing at all.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It's rejected because it is absurd and self-contradictory, to say nothing of being unhealthy for both the individual and all of humanity.
  • Deism: FAQ | God vs. the Bible 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.godvsthebible.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They recognize the fact that we are all the children of circumstances, that our belief is determined by our environments, and while they reject Christianity, they have nothing but charity for those who conscientiously profess it.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

John Toland ,  Christianity Not Mysterious:
or, a Treatise Shewing That There Is Nothing in the Gospel Contrary to Reason,
.Nor above It (1696)
I have known some, who have alleged as a reason why they have forsaken the Christian faith, the impossibility of believing.^ Those who have smeared Christianity the most have been those claiming Christianity as their reason for what they do.
  • JG-TC.com > Opinion > LETTER: Secular progressives still need guidance 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.jg-tc.com [Source type: General]

^ They say they are Christians; who are we to say they are not.
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Study: 24% of Americans now either atheist, agnostic, or deist 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC hotair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But some were saved — and they were saved through faith.
  • I Can Has Response? Part II: alon, Mike B., anhelo, Frank Stein, DeistBrawler, fifteenkeys « Book Bloggy Blogg 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC bookbloggyblogg.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many doctrines (say these) are made necessary to salvation, which 'tis impossible to believe, because they are in their nature absurdities.^ Many doctrines (say these) are made necessary to salvation, which 'tis impossible to believe, because they are in their nature absurdities.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Deists, many of them, believe in the doctrine of immortality.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There are many who confess that while they believe like the Turks and the Jews that there is some sort of God and some sort of deity, yet with regard to Jesus Christ and to all that to which the doctrine of the Evangelists and the Apostles testify, they take all that to be fables and dreams ....
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.I replied, that these things were mysteries, and so above our understanding.^ I replied, that these things were mysteries , and so above our understanding.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ October 29th, 2008 10:40pm As ever, Melainie, we owe you a huge debt of gratitude for bringing these things to our attention.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Would you have been satisfied if, when you asked me about free will, I had just blithely said I don’t understand these things but I feel that we have free will?
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

But he asked me to what end could an unintelligible doctrine be revealed? not to instruct, but to puzzle and amuse. .What can be the effect of an unintelligible mystery upon our minds, but only an amusement?^ What can be the effect of an unintelligible mystery upon our minds, but only an amusement?
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Rather, taking the evidence at hand (the physical nature of our body, the effect of physical trauma) the only reasonable conclusion is that the mind is also physical in nature.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Perfect has meaning only if there is a standard to compare to and it makes no sense to conjure up in our mind what this standard should be and expect God to meet this requirement.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.That which is only above reason must be above a rational belief, and must I be saved by an irrational belief?^ It is for this reason that in the only true objective morality – the morality of rational egoism – ‘rationality’ is the principal virtue.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ I can't argue with that, because we've left the level playing field of reason and stumbled into the muddy swamp of irrationality, where my only remaining weapon is satire.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ I must say that I simply cannot agree with the assertion that a belief is irrational because the issue is not empirical or scientific.
  • Deism? - Page 2 - JREF Forum 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

... .You all agree that the belief of your Trinity is absolutely necessary to salvation, and yet widely differ in what we must believe concerning it; whether three Minds or Modes, or Properties, or internal Relations, or Oeconomies, or Manifestations, or external Denominations; or else no more than a Holy Three, or Three Somewhats...^ You all agree that the belief of your Trinity is absolutely necessary to salvation, and yet widely differ in what we must believe concerning it; whether three Minds or Modes, or Properties, or internal Relations, or Oeconomies, or Manifestations, or external Denominations; or else no more than a Holy Three, or Three Somewhats...
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But notice also that you have no more authority than any other human.
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Study: 24% of Americans now either atheist, agnostic, or deist 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC hotair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Christians believe no more.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.If I should be persuaded that an explanation of the Trinity were necessary to save my soul, and see the Learned so widely differing and hotly disputing what it is I must believe concerning it, I should certainly run mad through despair of finding out the Truth...
William Stephens , An Account of the Growth of Deism in England (1696), pp.^ Find out the truth on CD1, Track 9.
  • Founders Plan - How to argue with loud mouthed liberals about any constitutional issue - and win every time! 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.thefoundersplan.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If I should be persuaded that an explanation of the Trinity were necessary to save my soul, and see the Learned so widely differing and hotly disputing what it is I must believe concerning it, I should certainly run mad through despair of finding out the Truth...
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is my view that the lesson of history is that we should hold such demonstrable errors in disdain even if we treat the believers with respect - not always an easy balance.

19-20'

Arguments for the existence of God

.Thomas Hobbes - an early deist and important influence on subsequent deists - used the cosmological argument for the existence of God at several places in his writings.^ This principle is at the heart of various versions of the cosmological argument for the existence of God.

^ Thomas Hobbes - an early deist and important influence on subsequent deists - used the cosmological argument for the existence of God at several places in his writings.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Hobbes — an early Deist and important influence on subsequent Deists— used the cosmological argument for the existence of God at several places in his writings.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

The effects we acknowledge naturally, do include a power of their producing, before they were produced; and
that power presupposeth something existent that hath such power; and the thing so existing with power to produce, if it were not eternal, must needs have been produced by somewhat before it, and that again by something else before that, till we come to an eternal, that is to say, the first power of all powers and first cause of all causes; and this is it which all men conceive by the name of God, implying eternity, incomprehensibility, and omnipotence.
.
Thomas Hobbes, Works, vol.^ Thomas Hobbes's Leviathan and other works provided the foil for moral writers for the next century.
  • At the Origins of English Rationalism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.sullivan-county.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Hobbes, Works , vol.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

4, pp. .59-60; quoted in John Orr, English Deism, p.^ English Deism: Its Roots and Its Fruits by John Orr (1934) European Thought in the Eighteenth Century by Paul Hazard (1946, English translation 1954) A History of English Thought in the Eighteenth Century by Sir Leslie Stephen , 2 volumes (1876, 3rd ed.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ John Toland modified Herbert and Locke, arguing absolutely against the supernatural and ushered in the peak period of English Deism.
  • Rise and Fall of English Deism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ontruth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ John Orr distinguished Deists from Theists by observing the positivism and negativism of Deism juxtaposed against Theism.
  • Rise and Fall of English Deism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ontruth.com [Source type: Original source]

76

History of religion and the deist mission

.Most deists saw the religions of their day as corruptions of an original, pure religion that was simple and rational.^ Most deists saw the religions of their day as corruptions of an original, pure religion that was simple and rational.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Most Deists saw the religions of their day as corruptions of an original, pure religion that was simple and rational.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This belief system combines elements of natural religion, Christianity, and rationalism, with rationalism being the most important one.
  • V&V Q&A: On Jefferson, Deism, and Church-State Separation (with Dr. Gary Scott Smith) 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.visandvals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They felt that this original pure religion had become corrupted by "priests" who had manipulated it for personal gain and for the class interests of the priesthood in general.^ They felt that this original pure religion had become corrupted by "priests" who had manipulated it for the priests' personal gain and for the class interests of the priesthood in general.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They felt that this original pure religion had become corrupted by "priests" who had manipulated it for personal gain and for the class interests of the priesthood in general.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sometimes pantheists will use the term “pandeism” to underscore that they share with the deists the idea that God is not a personal God who desires to be worshipped.
  • Chapter Fourteen | God vs. the Bible 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC godvsthebible.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Pandeism - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

.According to this world view, over time "priests" had succeeded in encrusting the original simple, rational religion with all kinds of superstitions and "mysteries" – irrational theological doctrines.^ According to this world view, over time "priests" had succeeded in encrusting the original simple, rational religion with all kinds of superstitions and "mysteries" — irrational theological doctrines.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ According to this world view, over time "priests" had succeeded in encrusting the original simple, rational religion with all kinds of superstitions and "mysteries" irrational theological doctrines.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Deists saw their mission as the stripping away of "priestcraft" and "mysteries" from religion, thereby restoring religion to its original, true condition simple and rational.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

.Laymen were told by the priests that only the priests really knew what was necessary for salvation and that laymen must accept the "mysteries" on faith and on the priests' authority.^ Laymen were told by the priests that only the priests really knew what was necessary for salvation and that laymen must accept the "mysteries" on faith and on the priests' authority.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Faith: It should be noted that many religionists acknowledge that the above mentioned difficulties cannot be explained by logic or reason, but must be accepted by 'Faith'.

^ Anytime after that, you must put your faith in the person who told you it happened, instead of God.

.This kept the laity baffled by the nonsensical "mysteries", confused, and dependent on the priests for information about the requirements for salvation.^ This kept the laity baffled by the nonsensical "mysteries", confused, and dependent on the priests for information about the requirements for salvation.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Laymen were told by the priests that only the priests really knew what was necessary for salvation and that laymen must accept the "mysteries" on faith and on the priests' authority.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Masonic plan of salvation does not require faith in Jesus Christ, but rather depends on imitating Hiram Abiff.
  • Freemasons - The silent destroyers. Deist religious cult based on the Knights Templar - Initiation rituals like those of witchcraft 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.bilderberg.org [Source type: Original source]

.The priests consequently enjoyed a position of considerable power over the laity, which they strove to maintain and increase.^ The priests consequently enjoyed a position of considerable power over the laity, which they strove to maintain and increase.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "It is too late in the day for men of sincerity to pretend they believe in the Platonic mysticisms that three are one, and one is three; and yet that the one is not three, and the three are not one.  But this constitutes the craft, the power and the profit of the priests."
  • Our Founding Fathers Were NOT Christians 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC freethought.mbdojo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If potential energy were to be positive, the energy of a system would decrease as they went further apart, and increase as they came closer together.

.Deists referred to this kind of manipulation of religious doctrine as "priestcraft", a highly derogatory term.^ Deists referred to this kind of manipulation of religious doctrine as "priestcraft", a highly derogatory term.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We suggest, then, that it is time to rehabilitate the term fideism and use it to refer to an approach to apologetics that not only exists as more than a caricature or an extreme, but is also in fact highly influential.
  • Fideist Apologetics: By Faith Alone | Bible.org; NET Bible, Bible Study 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC bible.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Note that the terms constructive and critical are used to refer to aspects of Deistic thought, not sects or subtypes of Deism — it would be incorrect to classify any particular Deist author as "a constructive Deist" or "a critical Deist".
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.Deists saw their mission as the stripping away of "priestcraft" and "mysteries" from religion, thereby restoring religion to its original, true condition – simple and rational.^ Most deists saw the religions of their day as corruptions of an original, pure religion that was simple and rational.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Deists saw their mission as the stripping away of "priestcraft" and "mysteries" from religion, thereby restoring religion to its original, true condition — simple and rational.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Views of religion and the Deist mission .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.In many cases, they considered true, original Christianity to be the same as this original natural religion.^ In many cases, they considered true, original Christianity to be the same as this original natural religion.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ To: hadit2here They considered themselves Christians.
  • The Founding Fathers and Deism 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Deists saw their mission as the stripping away of "priestcraft" and "mysteries" from religion, thereby restoring religion to its original, true condition simple and rational.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

As Matthew Tindal put it:
.
It can't be imputed to any defect in the light of nature that the pagan world ran into idolatry, but to their being entirely governed by priests, who pretended communication with their gods, and to have thence their revelations, which they imposed on the credulous as divine oracles.^ It can't be imputed to any defect in the light of nature that the pagan world ran into idolatry, but to their being entirely governed by priests, who pretended communication with their gods, and to have thence their revelations, which they imposed on the credulous as divine oracles.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They claim that God told them in defined history the revelation of His Being.
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Study: 24% of Americans now either atheist, agnostic, or deist 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC hotair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They pretend that those objects which are commonly denominated causes, are in reality nothing but occasions; and that the true and direct principle of every effect is not any power or force in nature, but a volition of the Supreme Being, who wills that such particular objects should for ever be conjoined with each other.
  • Rise and Fall of English Deism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ontruth.com [Source type: Original source]

Whereas the business of the Christian dispensation was to destroy all those traditional revelations, and restore, free from all idolatry, the true primitive and natural religion implanted in mankind from the creation.
Matthew Tindal , Christianity as Old as the Creation (XIV)[15]
.One implication of this deist creation myth was that primitive societies, or societies that existed in the distant past, should have religious beliefs that are less encrusted with superstitions and closer to those of natural theology.^ Matthew Tindal, Christianity as Old as the Creation (XIV) [8] One implication of this Deist origin myth was that primitive societies, or societies that existed in the distant past, should have religious beliefs that are less encrusted with superstitions and closer to those of natural theology .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As Matthew Tindal put it: One implication of this deist creation myth was that primitive societies, or societies that existed in the distant past, should have religious beliefs that are less encrusted with superstitions and closer to those of natural theology .
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And the history of religion was not, as the Deists had implied, retrograde; the widespread phenomenon of superstition was caused less by priestly malice than by man's unreason as he confronted his experience.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

This became a point of attack for thinkers such as David Hume as they studied the "natural history of religion".

Freedom and necessity

.Enlightenment thinkers, under the influence of Newtonian science, tended to view the universe as a vast machine, created and set in motion by a creator being, that continues to operate according to natural law, without any divine intervention.^ Enlightenment thinkers, under the influence of Newtonian science, tended to view the universe as a vast machine, created and set in motion by a Creator Being, that continues to operate according to natural law, without any divine intervention.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On the nature of God: People can have a concept of a being that is not the creator of the universe.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ It promoted a world view in which the natural universe is controlled by laws of nature.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.This view naturally led to what was then usually called necessitarianism: the view that everything in the universe - including human behavior - is completely causally determined by antecedent circumstances and natural law.^ His view of human nature was low, but good-natured.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This view naturally led to what was then usually called necessitarianism : the view that everything in the universe — including human behavior — is completely causally determined by antecedent circumstances and natural law.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This view naturally led to what was then usually called necessitarianism : the view that everything in the universe - including human behavior - is completely causally determined by antecedent circumstances and natural law.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

.(See, e.g., La Mettrie's L'Homme machine.^ (See, e.g., La Mettrie 's L'Homme machine .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Man a Machine Man a Machine Julien Offray de La Mettrie .
  • Man a Machine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.cscs.umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ (See, e.g., La Mettrie 's L'Homme machine ) As a consequence, debates about freedom versus determinism were a regular feature of Enlightenment religious and philosophical discussions.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

) .As a consequence, debates about freedom versus determinism were a regular feature of Enlightenment religious and philosophical discussions.^ As a consequence, debates about freedom versus determinism were a regular feature of Enlightenment religious and philosophical discussions.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (See, e.g., La Mettrie 's L'Homme machine ) As a consequence, debates about freedom versus determinism were a regular feature of Enlightenment religious and philosophical discussions.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Contemporary philosophers have given the wager argument considerable attention, and there has been much debate about its significance and validity.
  • Fideist Apologetics: By Faith Alone | Bible.org; NET Bible, Bible Study 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC bible.org [Source type: Original source]

.Because of their high regard for natural law and for the idea of a universe without miracles, deists were especially susceptible to the temptations of necessitarianism.^ Because of their high regard for natural law and for the idea of a universe without miracles, Deists were especially susceptible to the temptations of necessitarianism.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Because of their high regard for natural law and for the idea of a universe without miracles, deists were especially susceptible to the temptations of necessitarianism.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Deists typically reject most supernatural events (prophecy, miracles) and tend to assert that God has a plan for the universe, which he does not alter by intervening in the affairs of human life nor by suspending the natural laws of the universe.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

.Reflecting the intellectual climate of the time, there were differences among deists about freedom and necessity.^ Reflecting the intellectual climate of the time, there were differences among Deists about freedom and necessity.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If there is no God, then I’ve still got that even if I won’t have any more time to reflect upon it.
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Study: 24% of Americans now either atheist, agnostic, or deist 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC hotair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The one way I think there was a genuine "biblical" influence on the Constitution is this: up until that moment, religious freedom was about "toleration" of minorities and "dissenters."

.Some, such as Anthony Collins, actually were necessitarians.^ Some, such as Anthony Collins , actually were necessitarians.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

Beliefs about immortality of the soul

.Deists held a variety of beliefs about the soul.^ Beliefs about immortality of the soul .
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Deists held a variety of beliefs about the soul.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Soul Searching seemed clear in its assessment that the church -- and Christian parents -- have failed in the task of educating youth about the core beliefs of Christianity.
  • God, Religion ... Whatever -- Are Our Churchgoing Youth Falling Away from the Faith? 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some, such as Lord Herbert of Cherbury and William Wollaston,[16] held that souls exist, survive death, and in the afterlife are rewarded or punished by God for their behavior in life.^ Human beings have souls that survive death; that is, there is an afterlife.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Human beings have souls that survive death; there is an afterlife.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some, such as Lord Herbert of Cherbury and William Wollastson , [15] held that souls exist, survive death, and in the afterlife are rewarded or punished by God for their behavior in life.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.Some, such as Benjamin Franklin, believed in reincarnation or resurrection.^ Some, such as Benjamin Franklin , believed in reincarnation or resurrection.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some Deists believe that oblivion is all that awaits us while some Atheists do believe in some form of existence after death, such as reincarnation.
  • Deism: FAQ | God vs. the Bible 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.godvsthebible.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since America was founded when Deism was popular, it is not surprising that numerous founding fathers of the nation such as Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin and George Washington identified with some of its ideas.

Others such as Thomas Paine were agnostic about the immortality of the soul:
.
I trouble not myself about the manner of future existence.^ I trouble not myself about the manner of future existence.
  • The Age Of Reason - Part I - Thomas Paine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.thomaspaine.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "I trouble not myself about the manner of future existence.

^ I content myself with believing, even to positive conviction, that the power that gave me existence is able to continue it in any form and manner he pleases, either with or without this body" (Age of Reason).

I content myself with believing, even to positive conviction, that the power that gave me existence is able to continue it, in any form and manner he pleases, either with or without this body; and it appears more probable to me that I shall continue to exist hereafter than that I should have had existence, as I now have, before that existence began.
Thomas PaineThe Age of Reason, Part I, Recapitulation
.Still others such as Anthony Collins,[17] Bolingbroke, Thomas Chubb, and Peter Annet were materialists and either denied or doubted the immortality of the soul.^ Thomas Paine , The Age of Reason , Part I, Recapitulation Still others such as Anthony Collins , [16] Bolingbroke , Thomas Chubb , and Peter Annet were materialists and either denied or doubted the immortality of the soul.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Others such as Thomas Paine were agnostic about the immortality of the soul: Still others such as Anthony Collins , Bolingbroke , Thomas Chubb , and Peter Annet were materialists and either denied or doubted the immortality of the soul.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Others such as Thomas Paine were agnostic about the immortality of the soul: .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

[18]

Deist terminology

Deist authors - and 17th- and 18th-century theologians in general - referred to God using a variety of vivid circumlocutions such as:

Historical background

.Deistic thinking has existed since ancient times.^ Deistic thinking has existed since ancient times (e.g., in philosophers such as Heraclitus and most especially Plato , who envisaged God as the Demiurge or 'craftsman') and in many cultures.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Christian religion is, above all the religions that ever prevailed or existed in ancient or modern times, the religion of wisdom, virtue equity and humanity, let the Blackguard [scoundrel, rogue] Paine say what he will.
  • Were the Founding Fathers "Deists" and "Infidels?" 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC vftonline.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Were the Founding Fathers "Deists," "Freethinkers," and"Infidels?" -- KEVIN CRAIG for Congress 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC kevincraig.us [Source type: Original source]

^ I have written before why I think a Deistic God probably exists so I won't go over it again here but I will elaborate a little on why I think it unnecessary to think of God as an active "creator".
  • Deism! (worship, God, believe, religion) - Religion and Philosophy - Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Atheism, God, Universe, Science, Spirituality, Faith, Evidence - Page 2 - City-Data Forum 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: Original source]

.Among the Ancient Greeks, Heraclitus conceived of God as the logos, roughly speaking, the supreme rational principle that governs the universe, while Plato envisaged God as the Demiurge or 'craftsman'. And, outside of ancient Greece, many other ancient cultures have also expressed similar views.^ Deistic thinking has existed since ancient times (e.g., in philosophers such as Heraclitus and most especially Plato , who envisaged God as the Demiurge or 'craftsman') and in many cultures.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ God exists, created and governs the universe.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Moral principle speaks universally for itself.
  • The Age Of Reason - Part I - Thomas Paine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.thomaspaine.org [Source type: Original source]

However, the word deism", as it is understood today, is generally used to refer to the movement toward natural theology or freethinking that occurred in 17th-century Europe, and specifically in Britain.
.Natural theology is a facet of the revolution in world view that occurred in Europe in the 17th century.^ Natural theology is a facet of the revolution in world view that occurred in Europe in the 17th century.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Modern Deists hold a wide range of views on the nature of God and God's relationship to the world.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The word Deism is generally used to refer to the movement toward natural theology or freethinking that occurred in 17th-century Europe, and specifically in Britain.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.To understand the background to that revolution is also to understand the background of deism.^ To understand the background to that revolution is also to understand the background of deism.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To understand the background to that revolution is also to understand the background of Deism.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.Several cultural movements of the time contributed to the movement.^ Several cultural movements of the time contributed to the movement.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

[20]

The discovery of diversity

.The humanist tradition of the Renaissance included a revival of interest in Europe's classical past in Greece and Rome.^ The humanist tradition of the Renaissance included a revival of interest in Europe's classical past in Greece and Rome.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.With study of the past came a growing awareness that the world in which the classical authors lived was quite different from the present.^ With study of the past came a growing awareness that the world in which the classical authors lived was quite different from the present.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Possibly the greatest philosophical question of the 21st century is the resolution of religious faith with the growing realization of the very different nature of the material world.
  • Religion - Salon.com 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The central point of Training in Christianity epitomizes his message: to be a believer in Christ, a true Christian, is not to know that Christ lived in the past but is instead to live as a contemporary of Christ in the present.
  • Fideist Apologetics: By Faith Alone | Bible.org; NET Bible, Bible Study 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC bible.org [Source type: Original source]

.In addition, study of classical documents led to the realization that some historical documents are less reliable than others, which led to the beginnings of biblical criticism.^ In addition, study of classical documents led to the realization that some historical documents are less reliable than others, which led to the beginnings of biblical criticism .
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Today members of the United Church of Christ (and others who identify themselves as Congregationalists) comprise less than 1 percent (0.7%, ARIS/Kosmin, 2001) of the U.S. population....
  • Random Observations: The Founding Fathers: Mostly Atheists and Deists 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC tim.2wgroup.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If we begin with less than personality, we must finally reduce personality to the impersonal.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.In particular, when scholars worked on biblical manuscripts, they began developing the principles of textual criticism and a view of the New Testament being the product of a particular historical period different from their own.^ In particular, when scholars worked on biblical manuscripts, they began developing the principles of textual criticism and a view of the New Testament being the product of a particular historical period different from their own.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In particular, as scholars worked on biblical manuscripts, they began developing the principles of textual criticism and a view of the New Testament as the product of a particular historical period different from their own.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Different cultures develop their own philosophies.
  • www.SPINEBUSTER.com • View topic - The Deist's Domain 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ocman.com [Source type: Original source]

"Life and works of Confucius", by Prospero Intorcetta, 1687.
.In addition to discovering diversity in the past, Europeans discovered diversity in the present.^ In addition to discovering diversity in the past, Europeans discovered diversity in the present.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.The voyages of discovery of the 16th and 17th centuries acquainted Europeans with new and different cultures in the Americas, in Asia, and in the Pacific.^ The voyages of discovery of the 16th and 17th centuries acquainted Europeans with new and different cultures in the Americas, in Asia, and in the Pacific.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The distinction between a right-wing Enlightenment, influential in English whiggery and in America, and a left-wing Enlightenment on the continent, is also weakened when we consider the ubiquity in the 17th century of supposed Enlightenment characteristics.
  • At the Origins of English Rationalism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.sullivan-county.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since there was no national church in America, the 18th century religious culture operated regionally and locally.

.They discovered a greater amount of cultural diversity than they had ever imagined, and the question arose of how this vast amount of human cultural diversity could be compatible with the biblical account of Noah's descendants.^ They discovered a greater amount of cultural diversity than they had ever imagined, and the question arose of how this vast amount of human cultural diversity could be compatible with the biblical account of Noah's descendants.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Founding Fathers idea was to give the greatest amount of freedom they could .
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Study: 24% of Americans now either atheist, agnostic, or deist 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC hotair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And thus ha ving ſo ſair an Opportunity oſ discovering her Worth, it is not to be imagined that they will long continue ſtrangers to it.
  • A Letter to a Deist - Wikisource 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.wikisource.org [Source type: Original source]

.In particular, the ideas of Confucius, translated into European languages by the Jesuits stationed in China, are thought to have had considerable influence on the deists and other philosophical groups of the Enlightenment who were interested by the integration of the system of morality of Confucius into Christianity.^ Again, most were Deist with a moral system derived from the Judeo-Christian Scriptures.
  • Palin’s Pentecostal-Size Problem « The Political Inquirer 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC politicalinquirer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In particular, the ideas of Confucius , translated into European languages by the Jesuits stationed in China, are thought to have had considerable influence on the deists and other philosophical groups of the Enlightenment who were interested by the integration of the system of morality of Confucius into Christianity ..
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Here it is the influence of particular Christian minister delving into politics.
  • Palin’s Pentecostal-Size Problem « The Political Inquirer 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC politicalinquirer.com [Source type: Original source]

[21][22]
.In particular, cultural diversity with respect to religious beliefs could no longer be ignored.^ In particular, cultural diversity with respect to religious beliefs could no longer be ignored.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Atheism is simply the privative condition, the negatively defined “none of the above” category designating no particular religious faith.
  • The Deist Skeptic – Not A Contradiction 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC podblack.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I respect people who hold different religious beliefs.

As Herbert wrote in De Religione Laici (1645),
Many faiths or religions, clearly, exist or once existed in various countries and ages, and certainly there is not one of them that the lawgivers have not pronounced to be as it were divinely ordained, so that the Wayfarer finds one in Europe, another in Africa, and in Asia, still another in the very Indies.
.This new awareness of diversity led to a feeling that Christianity was just one religion among many, with no better claim than any other to correctness.^ No religion is far, far better than a religion like that.

^ No one is better than anyone else in terms of salvation or damnation.

^ It claimed to be a religion but it was really a critique of Christianity.
  • Judeo-Masonic Thought And The Birth Of The Modern - New English Review 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newenglishreview.org [Source type: Original source]

Religious conflict

.Europe had been plagued by vicious sectarian conflicts and religious wars since the beginning of the Reformation.^ Europe had been plagued by vicious sectarian conflicts and religious wars since the beginning of the Reformation .
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Reformation also prompted anti-clericalism, the proliferation of sects, religious wars, and policies of intolerance.
  • Rise and Fall of English Deism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ontruth.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1642, when Lord Herbert of Cherbury's De Veritate was published, the Thirty Years War had been raging on continental Europe for nearly 25 years.^ De veritate / by Edward, lord Herbert of Cherbury, translated with an introduction by Meyrick H. Carré.

^ In 1642, when Lord Herbert of Cherbury 's De Veritate was published, the Thirty Years War had been raging on continental Europe for nearly 25 years.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1642, when Lord Herbert of Cherbury's De Veritate was published, the Thirty Years War had been raging on continental Europe for nearly 25 years.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.It was an enormously destructive religious war that (it is estimated) destroyed 15–20% of the population of Germany.^ It was an enormously destructive religious war that (it is estimated) destroyed 15–20% of the population of Germany.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

.At the same time, the English Civil War pitting King against Parliament was just beginning.^ At the same time, the English Civil War pitting King against Parliament was just beginning.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Closer to home, the English Civil War pitting King against Parliament was just beginning.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Bullinger rejected every sort of ecclesiastical jurisdiction, and he argued that the Christian magistrate was sovereign over the civil community and the church, just as the kings had been in ancient Israel.
  • glossary 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.duke.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Such massive sectarian violence inspired a visceral rejection of the sectarianism that had led to the violence.^ Such massive sectarian violence inspired a visceral rejection of the sectarianism that had led to the violence.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The judgment is falling on the merchants probably not because of the commerce as such, but because the idolatry of Jerusalem described in verses 4-6 had led to the violence and robbery depicted in verses 8-9.
  • Christian Voice - Bible References: The Thoughts of the Heart 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.christianvoice.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

.It also led to a search for natural religious truths – truths that could be universally accepted, because they had been either "written in the book of Nature" or "engraved on the human mind" by God.^ It also led to a search for natural religious truths — truths that could be universally accepted, because they had been either "written in the book of Nature" or "engraved on the human mind" by God.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Innate truths are imprinted on our minds, and the evidence that they are so imprinted is that they are universally accepted.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You believe that God's word is the universe (nature), not human-written holy books.

Advances in scientific knowledge

.The 17th century saw a remarkable advance in scientific knowledge: the scientific revolution.^ Advances in scientific knowledge .
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The 17th century saw a remarkable advance in scientific knowledge: the scientific revolution .
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And, therefore, studying that world is inherently a worthy project, and so there were astounding scientific advances that occurred in the 16 th and 17 th centuries.
  • 01b What in the world DUNCAN 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.fpcjackson.org [Source type: Original source]

.The work of Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo destroyed the old notion that the earth was the center of the universe and showed that the universe was incredibly larger than ever imagined.^ The work of Copernicus , Kepler , and Galileo destroyed the old notion that the earth was the center of the universe and showed that the universe was incredibly larger than ever imagined.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And there are several creation theories that theorize that the earth is possibly older than 6000 years old, more like 8000.
  • Top 10 Myths About Dinosaurs - Listverse 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In astronomy, Copernicus revived the heliocentric hypothesis in his De Revolutionibus in 1543, Kepler offered the three laws of planetary motion in 1609, and Galileo published his works on sunspots in 1613.
  • Rise and Fall of English Deism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ontruth.com [Source type: Original source]

.These discoveries posed a serious challenge to biblical authority and to the religious authorities, Galileo's condemnation for heresy being an especially visible example.^ These discoveries posed a serious challenge to biblical authority and to the religious authorities, Galileo 's condemnation for heresy being an especially visible example.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Not being one, he takes all these statements seriously, and does not perceive the lack of harmony that pervades them.
  • Abraham Lincoln, Deist, and Admirer of Thomas Paine 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.positiveatheism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Instead of being esteemed for these discoveries, he was sentenced to renounce them, or the opinions resulting from them, as a damnable heresy.
  • The Age Of Reason - Part I - Thomas Paine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.thomaspaine.org [Source type: Original source]

.In consequence, the Bible came to be seen as authoritative on matters of faith and morals but no longer authoritative (or meant to be) on matters of science.^ In consequence, the Bible came to be seen as authoritative on matters of faith and morals but no longer authoritative (or meant to be) on matters of science.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ No matter—the book was patently absurd and deserved a response only because it might "strengthen the prejudices of weak and wicked minds" against the Bible.
  • Christopher Grasso | Deist Monster: On Religious Common Sense in the Wake of the American Revolution | The Journal of American History, 95.1 | The History Cooperative 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Bishop of Gloucester also consulted him on matters of faith and science.
  • Famous Adherents: Internal Use 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Isaac Newton's discovery of universal gravitation explained the behavior both of objects here on earth and of objects in the heavens.^ Isaac Newton 's discovery of universal gravitation explained the behavior both of objects here on earth and of objects in the heavens.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It was out of his deep involvement with alchemy that both Newton's chemistry and his theory of gravitation emerged.
  • At the Origins of English Rationalism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.sullivan-county.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Newton believed in forces operating between bodies, as in gravitation, but also between elementary particles, the object of his alchemical investigations.
  • At the Origins of English Rationalism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.sullivan-county.com [Source type: Original source]

.It promoted a world view in which the natural universe is controlled by laws of nature.^ It promoted a world view in which the natural universe is controlled by laws of nature.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Implicit to Clark's (and Newton's) view of the constant divine governance of the world is a blurring - or perhaps even the outright elimination - of the distinction between natural and supernatural events.
  • At the Origins of English Rationalism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.sullivan-county.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Natural Law was once conceived of as the principles which a sovereign creator built into the world.
  • At the Origins of English Rationalism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.sullivan-county.com [Source type: Original source]

.This, in turn, suggested a theology in which God created the universe, set it in motion controlled by natural law, and retired from the scene.^ God exists and created the universe.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Each mind is a unique combination of the myriad forces of God's creation of the universe and the laws of nature.
  • Deism: FAQ | God vs. the Bible 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.godvsthebible.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Deism held that God created the laws of nature and then receded from action.

.(See the Watchmaker analogy.^ (See the Watchmaker analogy .
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

)
.The new awareness of the explanatory power of universal natural law also produced a growing skepticism about such religious staples as miracles (i.e., violations of natural law) and about books, such as the Bible, that reported them.^ The new awareness of the explanatory power of universal natural law also produced a growing skepticism about such religious staples as miracles (i.e., violations of natural law) and about books, such as the Bible, that reported them.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "They were also keenly aware of the thin and permeable boundary between religious fervor and power-seeking political agendas.

^ The Bible does not teach philosophy, including philosophical truths about God, because these are plain from the "Light of nature".
  • At the Origins of English Rationalism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.sullivan-county.com [Source type: Original source]

.Whereas the Age of Faith found its truths in religious tradition, the Age of Reason found its truths in observable natural phenomena and individual human reason.^ Whereas the Age of Faith found its truths in religious tradition, the Age of Reason found its truths in observable natural phenomena and individual human reason.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This position frequently affirms that reason can, in some cases, partially comprehend religious truths after they have been revealed; or at least it shows negatively that no contradiction is necessarily involved in them or that there is a rational basis for accepting truths of faith that the human mind can in no way comprehend.
  • glossary 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.duke.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ A pure fideism would involve “beginning with a leap of faith,” whereas the proper method is to begin neither with faith nor with reason but with revelation.
  • Fideist Apologetics: By Faith Alone | Bible.org; NET Bible, Bible Study 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC bible.org [Source type: Original source]

The history of deism

Precursors of deism

.Early works of biblical criticism, such as Thomas Hobbes's Leviathan and Spinoza's Theologico-Political Treatise, as well as works by lesser-known authors such as Richard Simon and Isaac La Peyrère, paved the way for the development of critical deism.^ Early works of biblical criticism , such as Thomas Hobbes 's Leviathan and Spinoza 's Theologico-Political Treatise , as well as works by lesser-known authors such as Richard Simon and Isaac La Peyrère , paved the way for the development of critical Deism.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Hobbes, Works , vol.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Most, if not all, biblical scholars recognize that beasts such as “leviathan” (or _lotan_) and “behemoth” are motifs taken directly from Ancient Near East stories (e.g., Ugarit).
  • Top 10 Myths About Dinosaurs - Listverse 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

Early deism

Edward Herbert, portrait by Isaac Oliver (1560–1617)
.Lord Herbert of Cherbury (d.^ De veritate / by Edward, lord Herbert of Cherbury, translated with an introduction by Meyrick H. Carré.

^ Its main principles are to be found in the writings of Lord Herbert of Cherbury (d.
  • English Deism [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Note the reference to Descartes' "clear and distinct ideas" ↑ Note the reference to Lord Herbert of Cherbury's "common notions" ↑ Orr, John (1934).
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.1648) is generally considered the "father of English deism", and his book De Veritate (On Truth, as It Is Distinguished from Revelation, the Probable, the Possible, and the False) (1624) the first major statement of deism.^ MAJOR BACKGROUND INFLUENCES (pre-1624)16 William Lane Craig identified several major factors which contributed to the rise of English Deism.
  • Rise and Fall of English Deism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ontruth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Four discourses, on the general first principles of deism and revelation contrasted: [electronic resource] : delivered in Salisbury and Thyatira on different days in April & May, 1797.

^ Religionsphilosophie des Herbert von Cherbury; auszüge aus "De veritate" (1624) und "De religione gentilium" (1663) mit einleitung und anmerkungen hrsg.

[23][24]
.Like his contemporary Descartes, Herbert searched for the foundations of knowledge.^ Like his contemporary Descartes, Herbert searched for the foundations of knowledge.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.In fact, the first two thirds of De Veritate are devoted to an exposition of Herbert's theory of knowledge.^ In fact, the first two thirds of De Veritate are devoted to an exposition of Herbert's theory of knowledge.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Religionsphilosophie des Herbert von Cherbury; auszüge aus "De veritate" (1624) und "De religione gentilium" (1663) mit einleitung und anmerkungen hrsg.

^ De veritate, prout distinguitur a revelatione, a verisimili, a possibili, et a falso [microform] / hoc opus condidit Edoardus Baro Herbert de Cherbury ...

.Herbert distinguished truths obtained through experience, and through reasoning about experience, from innate truths and from revealed truths.^ Herbert distinguished truths obtained through experience, and through reasoning about experience, from innate truths and from revealed truths.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These were corruptions of a pristine truth revealed by God to man through Noah and his sons.
  • At the Origins of English Rationalism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.sullivan-county.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This effectively widened the gap between traditional Christians and what he called "Christian Deists", since this new foundation required that "revealed" truth be validated through human reason.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.Innate truths are imprinted on our minds, and the evidence that they are so imprinted is that they are universally accepted.^ Innate truths are imprinted on our minds, and the evidence that they are so imprinted is that they are universally accepted.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Higher Self: that part of us which connects our corporeal minds to the Collective Unconscious and with the divine knowledge of the universe.
  • Freemasons - The silent destroyers. Deist religious cult based on the Knights Templar - Initiation rituals like those of witchcraft 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.bilderberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Once a belief is accepted, a skeptic will be willing to abandon it for another if evidence insists… but frankly, it would not be terribly adaptive for us to have our fundamental beliefs flap with each breeze.
  • The Deist Skeptic – Not A Contradiction 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC podblack.com [Source type: Original source]

.Herbert's term for universally accepted truths was notitiae communes – common notions.^ Herbert's term for universally accepted truths was notitiae communes — common notions.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It also led to a search for natural religious truths — truths that could be universally accepted, because they had been either "written in the book of Nature" or "engraved on the human mind" by God.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But its nature is quite distinct from the truth [based on Common Notions] ...
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.In the realm of religion, Herbert believed that there were five common notions.^ In the realm of religion, Herbert believed that there were five common notions.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A sense of the importance that Herbert attributed to innate Common Notions will help in understanding how devastating Locke's attack on innate ideas was for Herbert's philosophy.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A Christian is one who, in common with the adherents of nearly all the religions of mankind, believes, 1.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

{{quote
  • There is one Supreme God.
  • He ought to be worshipped.
  • Virtue and piety are the chief parts of divine worship.
  • We ought to be sorry for our sins and repent of them
  • Divine goodness doth dispense rewards and punishments both in this life and after it.
|Lord .Herbert of Cherbury|The Antient Religion of the Gentiles, and Causes of Their Errors, pp.^ Religionsphilosophie des Herbert von Cherbury; auszüge aus "De veritate" (1624) und "De religione gentilium" (1663) mit einleitung und anmerkungen hrsg.

^ Lord Herbert of Cherbury's De religione laici, edited and translated with a critical discussion of his life and philosophy and a comprehensive bibliography of his works, by Harold R. Hutcheson.

^ This list may be directly referenced in the English translation by Herbert of Cherbury entitled, The Ancient Religion.
  • Rise and Fall of English Deism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ontruth.com [Source type: Original source]

.3–4, quoted in
John Orr, English Deism, p.^ Isaac Newton and Arianism Isaac Newton's God The Founders of English Deism with John Locke as a bridge between Deism, Unitarianism, and Christianity.
  • At the Origins of English Rationalism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.sullivan-county.com [Source type: Original source]

^ S. G. Hefelbower, The Relation of John Locke to English Deism (University of Chicago Press, 1918), p.
  • At the Origins of English Rationalism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.sullivan-county.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hefelbower, The Relation of John Locke to English Deism , pp.
  • At the Origins of English Rationalism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.sullivan-county.com [Source type: Original source]

62 }}
.It is worth quoting Herbert at some length, to give the flavor of his writing.^ It is worth quoting Herbert at some length, to give the flavor of his writing.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Here are some other quotes from Einstein for which he received hate mail and heavy critism, some even going so far as to say Einstein gives reason for Hitler.
  • Top 10 Myths About Dinosaurs - Listverse 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

.A sense of the importance that Herbert attributed to innate Common Notions will help in understanding how devastating Locke's attack on innate ideas was for Herbert's philosophy.^ A sense of the importance that Herbert attributed to innate Common Notions will help in understanding how devastating Locke's attack on innate ideas was for Herbert's philosophy.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I take it to be very intelligible from the precedent section that what is evidently repugnant to clear and distinct ideas, [13] or to our common notions, [14] is contrary to reason.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Locke's famous attack on innate ideas in the first book of the Essay effectively destroyed that foundation and replaced it with a theory of knowledge based on experience.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.
No general agreement exists concerning the Gods, but there is universal recognition of God.^ And without God there is no life.
  • A Reason For Faith? - Catholic Answers Forums 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ God exists and created the universe.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ No general agreement exists concerning the Gods, but there is universal recognition of God.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.Every religion in the past has acknowledged, every religion in the future will acknowledge, some sovereign deity among the Gods.^ Every religion in the past has acknowledged, every religion in the future will acknowledge, some sovereign deity among the Gods.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ EVERY national church or religion has established itself by pretending some special mission from God, communicated to certain individuals.
  • The Age Of Reason - Part I - Thomas Paine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.thomaspaine.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Deism is the only religion that has not been invented, and that has every proof of originally coming from God.

...
.Accordingly that which is everywhere accepted as the supreme manifestation of deity, by whatever name it may be called, I term God.^ Accordingly that which is everywhere accepted as the supreme manifestation of deity, by whatever name it may be called, I term God.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There was an Art, or Trade (whatever it may be called) of Building and this was Masonry, so called because of the product of the labours of those skilled in the fashioning and putting together pieces of stone.
  • Freemasons - The silent destroyers. Deist religious cult based on the Knights Templar - Initiation rituals like those of witchcraft 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.bilderberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There's a reason why the Supreme Court uses the term 'ceremonial deism' in referring to things like 'In God We Trust' on the currency.

.While there is no general agreement concerning the worship of Gods, sacred beings, saints, and angels, yet the Common Notion or Universal Consent tells us that adoration ought to be reserved for the one God.^ There may not be proof that there is a God, but there is no proof that there is’t, is there?
  • Top 10 Myths About Dinosaurs - Listverse 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No general agreement exists concerning the Gods, but there is universal recognition of God.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no scientific proof of a god.
  • Top 10 Myths About Dinosaurs - Listverse 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

.Hence divine religion— and no race, however savage, has existed without some expression of it— is found established among all nations.^ Otherwise it's an establishment one one (or some) religion over all others.

^ Hence divine religion— and no race, however savage, has existed without some expession of it— is found established among all nations.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Hence, their obsession with the religion of the founding fathers.
  • Joe Carter on the Founding Fathers : Dispatches from the Culture Wars 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

...
.The connection of Virtue with Piety, defined in this work as the right conformation of the faculties, is and always has been held to be, the most important part of religious practice.^ The connection of Virtue with Piety, defined in this work as the right conformation of the faculties, is and always has been held to be, the most important part of religious practice.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ No problems practicing your religious preference (unless you're Islam or have a name like Hussein, then you're a target of right wingers.

^ This analogy and the car analogy are not perfect, but you still haven't answered the most important question: why must every part must experience what the whole experiences?
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.There is no general agreement concerning rites, ceremonies, traditions...; but there is the greatest possible consensus of opinion concerning the right conformation of the faculties.^ No general agreement exists concerning the Gods, but there is universal recognition of God.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no general agreement concerning the various rites or mysteries which the priests have devised for the expiation of sin....
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If there is no God, the Joker was right.
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Study: 24% of Americans now either atheist, agnostic, or deist 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC hotair.com [Source type: Original source]

... Moral virtue... is and always has been esteemed by men in every age and place and respected in every land...
.There is no general agreement concerning the various rites or mysteries which the priests have devised for the expiation of sin....^ There is no general agreement concerning the various rites or mysteries which the priests have devised for the expiation of sin....
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ No general agreement exists concerning the Gods, but there is universal recognition of God.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ While there is no general agreement concerning the worship of Gods, sacred beings, saints, and angels, yet the Common Notion or Universal Consent tells us that adoration ought to be reserved for the one God.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.General agreement among religions, the nature of divine goodness, and above all conscience, tell us that our crimes may be washed away by true penitence, and that we can be restored to new union with God.^ Thirdly we all have a conscience which tells us what is morally right and wrong.” .
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ God is a "self-evident truth" that our rights are the product of intelligent design (not the government) that all Americans are obligated to conform their lives to " the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God " that our actions must one day pass judgment with "the Supreme Judge of the world " that all Americans should have "a firm reliance on the Protection of Divine Providence ."
  • Were the Founding Fathers "Deists," "Freethinkers," and"Infidels?" -- KEVIN CRAIG for Congress 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC kevincraig.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Bailey goes on to say that "Masonry is all that remains to us of the first world religion" which flourished in ancient times.
  • Freemasons - The silent destroyers. Deist religious cult based on the Knights Templar - Initiation rituals like those of witchcraft 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.bilderberg.org [Source type: Original source]

... .I do not wish to consider here whether any other more appropriate means exists by which the divine justice may be appeased, since I have undertaken in this work only to rely on truths which are not open to dispute but are derived from the evidence of immediate perception and admitted by the whole world.^ I do not wish to consider here whether any other more appropriate means exists by which the divine justice may be appeased, since I have undertaken in this work only to rely on truths which are not open to dispute but are derived from the evidence of immediate perception and admitted by the whole world.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However, if you care to think a bit more you will realise that not only have you derived unfair advantage by being a Mason you will also have bestowed the same unfair advantage on other Masons.
  • Freemasons - The silent destroyers. Deist religious cult based on the Knights Templar - Initiation rituals like those of witchcraft 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.bilderberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Also, although I think Bertrand Russell is wrong here his position seems more respectful than your own since he has taken what he sees to be evidence for a certain conclusion and has thereby accepted that conclusion.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

...
.The rewards that are eternal have been variously placed in heaven, in the stars, in the Elysian fields...^ The rewards that are eternal have been variously placed in heaven, in the stars, in the Elysian fields ...
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Science tells me it is an energy field that exists in a continuum, formed in the big bang, that curves in various places and in various degrees.
  • Deism! (worship, God, believe, religion) - Religion and Philosophy - Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Atheism, God, Universe, Science, Spirituality, Faith, Evidence - Page 2 - City-Data Forum 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: Original source]

.Punishment has been thought to lie in metempsychosis, in hell,...^ Punishment has been thought to lie in metempsychosis , in hell,...
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

or in temporary or everlasting death. .But all religion, law, philosophy, and ...^ But all religion, law, philosophy, and ...
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

conscience, teach openly or implicitly that punishment or reward awaits us after this life. ... [T]here is no nation, however barbarous, which has not and will not recognise the existence of punishments and rewards. .That reward and punishment exist is, then, a Common Notion, though there is the greatest difference of opinion as to their nature, quality, extent, and mode.^ That there is a future state of rewards and punishments .
  • Were the Founding Fathers "Deists," "Freethinkers," and"Infidels?" -- KEVIN CRAIG for Congress 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC kevincraig.us [Source type: Original source]

^ That reward and punishment exist is, then, a Common Notion, though there is the greatest difference of opinion as to their nature, quality, extent, and mode.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Only though nature do we have any good qualities; to her we owe all that we are.
  • Man a Machine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.cscs.umich.edu [Source type: Original source]

...
.It follows from these considerations that the dogmas which recognize a sovereign Deity, enjoin us to worship Him, command us to live a holy life, lead us to repent our sins, and warn us of future recompense or punishment, proceed from God and are inscribed within us in the form of Common Notions.^ God is in our society within the believers.

^ It follows from these considerations that the dogmas which recognize a sovereign Deity, enjoin us to worship Him, command us to live a holy life, lead us to repent our sins, and warn us of future recompense or punishment, proceed from God and are inscribed within us in the form of Common Notions.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ God will forgive us if we repent and abandon our sins 5.

...
.Revealed truth exists; and it would be unjust to ignore it.^ Revealed truth exists; and it would be unjust to ignore it.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.But its nature is quite distinct from the truth [based on Common Notions] ...^ But its nature is quite distinct from the truth [based on Common Notions] ...
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I take it to be very intelligible from the precedent section that what is evidently repugnant to clear and distinct ideas, [13] or to our common notions, [14] is contrary to reason.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mostly, I was persuaded by the notion that the vast majority of people have the same religion as their parents, which suggested quite heavily that there wasn't much objective truth to any of them.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

[T]he truth of revelation depends upon the authority of him who reveals it. .We must, then, proceed with great care in discerning what actually is revealed....^ [W]e must take great care to avoid deception, for men who are depressed, superstitious, or ignorant of causes are always liable to it.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We must, then, proceed with great care in discerning what actually is revealed....
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

[W]e must take great care to avoid deception, for men who are depressed, superstitious, or ignorant of causes are always liable to it. ...
Lord Herbert of Cherbury , De Veritate
.According to Gay, Herbert had relatively few followers, and it was not until the 1680s that Herbert found a true successor in Charles Blount (1654–1693).^ Lord Herbert of Cherbury , De Veritate According to Gay, Herbert had relatively few followers, and it was not until the 1680s that Herbert found a true successor in Charles Blount (1654–1693).
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As a final note, the Bible may not be true, but it is not a fairy tale, as a fairy tale follows a certain structural form, and that form is not found in the Bible.
  • Top 10 Myths About Dinosaurs - Listverse 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Blount, Charles, 1654-1693.

.Blount made one special contribution to the deist debate: "by utilizing his wide classical learning, Blount demonstrated how to use pagan writers, and pagan ideas, against Christianity.^ Blount made one special contribution to the Deist debate: "by utilizing his wide classical learning, Blount demonstrated how to use pagan writers, and pagan ideas, against Christianity.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Discourse of the use of reason in matters of religion [microform] : shewing that Christianity contains nothing repugnant to right reason, against enthusiasts and deists / written in Latin by the Reverend Dr. Rust ; and translated into English, with annota .

^ I hear it is said by the deists that I am one of their number; and indeed that some good people think I am no Christian.
  • Were the Founding Fathers "Deists" and "Infidels?" 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC vftonline.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Were the Founding Fathers "Deists," "Freethinkers," and"Infidels?" -- KEVIN CRAIG for Congress 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC kevincraig.us [Source type: Original source]

... .Other Deists were to follow his lead."^ Other Deists were to follow his lead."
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Deists: Those who believe in God, or at least a divine principle, but follow few if any of the other tenets and practices of Christianity (compare with Theists, who believe in a personal God).

[25]

John Locke

.The publication of John Locke's An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1689, but dated 1690) marks a major turning point in the history of deism.^ The publication of John Locke 's An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1689, but dated 1690) marks a major turning point in the history of Deism.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The fact that so many different religions have arisen throughout human history suggests that humans have some sort of biological trait that drives them to seek understanding.

^ In the last section of his Essay, Locke stated the central principle of deism: "Reason must be our last judge and guide in everything."
  • At the Origins of English Rationalism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.sullivan-county.com [Source type: Original source]

.Since Herbert's De Veritate, innate ideas had been the foundation of deist epistemology.^ Since Herbert's De Veritate , innate ideas had been the foundation of Deist epistemology .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ De veritate / by Edward, lord Herbert of Cherbury, translated with an introduction by Meyrick H. Carré.

^ A sense of the importance that Herbert attributed to innate Common Notions will help in understanding how devastating Locke's attack on innate ideas was for Herbert's philosophy.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.Locke's famous attack on innate ideas in the first book of the Essay effectively destroyed that foundation and replaced it with a theory of knowledge based on experience.^ Following Locke's successful attack on innate ideas, Tindal's "Deist Bible" redefined the foundation of Deist epistemology as knowledge based on experience or human reason.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Locke's famous attack on innate ideas in the first book of the Essay effectively destroyed that foundation and replaced it with a theory of knowledge based on experience.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A sense of the importance that Herbert attributed to innate Common Notions will help in understanding how devastating Locke's attack on innate ideas was for Herbert's philosophy.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.Innatist deism was replaced by empiricist deism.^ Innatist Deism was replaced by empiricist Deism.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.Locke himself was not a deist.^ Locke himself was not a Deist.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.He believed in both miracles and revelation, and he regarded miracles as the main proof of revelation.^ He accepted both miracles and revelation, and he regarded miracles as the main proof of revelation.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

[26]
.After Locke, constructive deism could no longer appeal to innate ideas for justification of its basic tenets such as the existence of God.^ After Locke, constructive Deism could no longer appeal to innate ideas for justification of its basic tenets such as the existence of God.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Either the deity has to no longer be personal – deism – or no longer be sovereign.
  • If The Declaration of Independence Is A Deist Document Then Why Do Christians Respect It? « Jesus Christ Is Lord 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC healtheland.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When the usage of "God" could be equivalently understood as nature, then there is no reason to believe that it is anything more than Deism.

.Instead, under the influence of Locke and Newton, deists turned to natural theology and to arguments based on experience and Nature: the cosmological argument and the argument from design.^ Instead, under the influence of Locke and Newton , Deists turned to natural theology and to arguments based on experience and Nature: the cosmological argument and the argument from design .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Deists value reason, nature and experience.

^ The Deists relied especially upon mathematical approaches to reality, influenced in this by the thought of Sir Isaac Newton.
  • Were the Founding Fathers "Deists," "Freethinkers," and"Infidels?" -- KEVIN CRAIG for Congress 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC kevincraig.us [Source type: Original source]

The rise of British deism (1690–1740)

Peter Gay places the zenith of deism "from the end of the 1690s, when the vehement response to John Toland's Christianity Not Mysterious (1696) started the deist debate, to the end of the 1740s when the tepid response to Middleton's Free Inquiry signalized its close."[27]
.
Among the Deists, only Anthony Collins (1676–1729) could claim much philosophical competence; only Conyers Middleton (1683–1750) was a really serious scholar.^ Among the Deists, only Anthony Collins (1676–1729) could claim much philosophical competence; only Conyers Middleton (1683–1750) was a really serious scholar.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Dawkins claim that a god is likely to have created life, he in fact speculates that the very beginning of the universe, a field that science is yet to really understand is the only place where one could plausibly consider a god.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Because Christianity was the foundation of the regime of the normal, Stiles could be a skeptic or a deist only in the closet.
  • Christopher Grasso | Deist Monster: On Religious Common Sense in the Wake of the American Revolution | The Journal of American History, 95.1 | The History Cooperative 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

.The best known Deists, notably John Toland (1670–1722) and Matthew Tindal (1656–1733), were talented publicists, clear without being deep, forceful but not subtle.^ The best known Deists, notably John Toland (1670–1722) and Matthew Tindal (1656–1733), were talented publicists, clear without being deep, forceful but not subtle.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Especially noteworthy is Matthew Tindal 's Christianity as Old as the Creation (1730), which "became, very soon after its publication, the focal center of the Deist controversy.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some do express thanks or wishes that forces beyond their control will be favorable, but these practices indicate the Deist leans toward being a Theist.

... Others, like Thomas Chubb (1679–1747), were self-educated freethinkers; a few, like Thomas Woolston (1669–1731), were close to madness.
Peter Gay ,  Deism: An Anthology[27]
.Other prominent British deists included William Wollastson, Charles Blount, Anthony Ashley-Cooper, Third Earl of Shaftesbury (who did not think of himself as a deist, but shared so many attitudes with deists that Gay calls him "a Deist in fact, if not in name,"[28]) and Henry St John, First Viscount Bolingbroke.^ Peter Gay, Deism: An Anthology [23] Other prominent British Deists included William Wollastson , Charles Blount , Shaftesbury (who did not think of himself as a Deist, but shared so many attitudes with Deists that Gay calls him "a Deist in fact, if not in name" [24] ) and Bolingbroke .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Jefferson sometimes called himself a deist, and many political opponents denounced him as a deist (as well as an atheist and an infidel), especially during the rancorous presidential campaign of 1800.
  • V&V Q&A: On Jefferson, Deism, and Church-State Separation (with Dr. Gary Scott Smith) 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.visandvals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Edward Herbert, first Baron Herbert of Cherbury, "the father of deism in England," gave their tenets systematic form in 1624, and he was followed by a parade of thinkers including Thomas Hobbes, John Toland, Anthony Ashley Cooper, third Earl of Shaftesbury, Henry St. John, first Viscount Bolingbroke, and David Hume.
  • Christopher Grasso | Deist Monster: On Religious Common Sense in the Wake of the American Revolution | The Journal of American History, 95.1 | The History Cooperative 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

.(This last was a patron of Jonathan Swift, who regardless disagreed with his deist views by dint of being in holy orders in the Church of Ireland.^ George Washington would leave the Church when communion was offered, and inducted most of the officer corps into the Masons, who were explicitly Deist.

^ The following are the religious views Lincoln is said to have held as presented by those who affirm that he was a Christian: He believed in the existence of a God, and accepted the Christian conception of this Being.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Deists believe in an Infinite Being, who created and preserves the universe.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

)
.
After the writings of Woolston and Tindal, English Deism went into slow decline.^ After the writings of Woolston and Tindal, English Deism went into slow decline.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For one thing, English Deism was already in rapid decline before Hume's works were published.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

... .By the 1730s, nearly all the arguments in behalf of Deism ...^ By the 1730s, nearly all the arguments in behalf of Deism ...
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There are now over 70 comments, nearly all taking Waldman to task for his wildly strawman argument.

had been offered and refined; the intellectual caliber of leading .Deists was none too impressive; and the opponents of Deism finally mustered some formidable spokesmen.^ Deists was none too impressive; and the opponents of Deism finally mustered some formidable spokesmen.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In Virginia, for example, fears of deism motivated both proponents and some of the opponents of religious taxation.
  • Christopher Grasso | Deist Monster: On Religious Common Sense in the Wake of the American Revolution | The Journal of American History, 95.1 | The History Cooperative 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

^ While it is true that in the Middle Ages some Muslims could qualify as deists, Deism is a product of Western culture.

.The Deists of these decades, Peter Annet (1693–1769), Thomas Chubb (1679–1747), and Thomas Morgan (?–1743), are of significance to the specialist alone.^ Others, like Thomas Chubb (1679–1747), were self-educated freethinkers; a few, like Thomas Woolston (1669–1731), were close to madness.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These keys (over sin and death and royal Davidic authority forever) were given by Jesus to Peter alone.
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Study: 24% of Americans now either atheist, agnostic, or deist 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC hotair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Deists of these decades, Peter Annet (1693–1769), Thomas Chubb (1679–1747), and Thomas Morgan (?–1743), are of significance to the specialist alone.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

... .It had all been said before, and better.^ It had all been said before, and better.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Follow Nature, said the Deists (as the Stoics had said before them), not Revelation: all things must be tested by rational private judgment.
  • Were the Founding Fathers "Deists," "Freethinkers," and"Infidels?" -- KEVIN CRAIG for Congress 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC kevincraig.us [Source type: Original source]

.
Peter Gay ,  Deism: An Anthology[29]

Matthew Tindal

Dr Matthew Tindal
.Especially noteworthy is Matthew Tindal's Christianity as Old as the Creation (1730), which "became, very soon after its publication, the focal center of the deist controversy.^ Especially noteworthy is Matthew Tindal 's Christianity as Old as the Creation (1730), which "became, very soon after its publication, the focal center of the Deist controversy.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Matthew Tindal's Christianity as Old as Creation (1730)."

^ Deism flourished in England between 1690 and 1740, at which time Matthew Tindal 's Christianity as Old as the Creation (1730), or 'the Deist's Bible', gained much attention.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.Because almost every argument, quotation, and issue raised for decades can be found here, the work is often termed 'the deist's Bible'."[30] Following Locke's successful attack on innate ideas, Tindal's "Deist Bible" redefined the foundation of deist epistemology as knowledge based on experience or human reason.^ Because almost every argument, quotation, and issue raised for decades can be found here, the work is often termed 'the Deist's Bible'."
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Locke's famous attack on innate ideas in the first book of the Essay effectively destroyed that foundation and replaced it with a theory of knowledge based on experience.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Since Herbert's De Veritate , innate ideas had been the foundation of Deist epistemology .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.This effectively widened the gap between traditional Christians and what he called "Christian Deists", since this new foundation required that "revealed" truth be validated through human reason.^ And who does the Bible itself call the pillar and foundation of truth?
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Study: 24% of Americans now either atheist, agnostic, or deist 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC hotair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Religion, like Christianity, has its foundation in mythology and putting down attempts to find rational, reason answers to questions regarding the nature and the world.
  • CelticBear’s Musings » 2005 » June 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.celticbear.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But we would suggest that any apologetic method that denies that reason can demonstrate the truth of Christianity, even on Christian principles, and that grounds faith “on evidence that faith itself provides,” as Bloesch puts it, is rightly called fideism.
  • Fideist Apologetics: By Faith Alone | Bible.org; NET Bible, Bible Study 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC bible.org [Source type: Original source]

In Christianity as Old as the Creation, Tindal articulated a number of the basic tenets of deism:
  • He argued against special revelation: "God designed all Mankind should at all times know, what he wills them to know, believe, profess, and practice; and has given them no other Means for this, but the Use of Reason."

David Hume

David Hume
.The writings of David Hume are sometimes credited with causing or contributing to the decline of deism.^ The writings of David Hume are sometimes credited with causing or contributing to the decline of Deism.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For one thing, English Deism was already in rapid decline before Hume's works were published.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Several factors contributed to a general decline in the popularity of Deism, including: .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.English deism, however, was already in decline before Hume's works on religion (1757,1779) were published.^ For one thing, English Deism was already in rapid decline before Hume's works were published.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The writings of David Hume are sometimes credited with causing or contributing to the decline of Deism.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (Although Carl Wilhelm Scheele did so years before) John Ray An English botanist who wrote The Wisdom of God manifested in the Works of the Creation.
  • Famous Adherents: Internal Use 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[29] .Furthermore, some writers maintain that Hume's writings on religion were not very influential at the time that they were published.^ If I may offer a word of apology -- and this also has to do with time constraints -- sometimes I write these things in a hurry and they are very "first draft" oriented.
  • American Revolution Blog: Will the Real Deist/Christian Please Stand Up: James Madison 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC americanrevolutionblog.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There may be many systems of religion that are not morally very bad, and might even be good in some respects.

^ In a single volume is published for the first time matter which heretofore was only to be found scattered through numerous volumes, some of them inaccessible to the general reader.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[31]
.Nevertheless, modern scholars find it interesting to study the implications of his thoughts for deism.^ Nevertheless, modern scholars find it interesting to study the implications of his thoughts for Deism.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A History of Freethought: Ancient and modern, to the period of the French revolution by John Mackinnon Robertson (1915) Other studies of Deism include: .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Modern studies find no sign that they were laggards, lazily dragging their tails behind them.
  • Top 10 Myths About Dinosaurs - Listverse 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

.
  • Hume's skepticism about miracles makes him a natural ally of deism.
  • His skepticism about the validity of natural religion cuts equally against deism and deism's opponents, who were also deeply involved in natural theology.^ Hume's skepticism about miracles makes him a natural ally of Deism.
    • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ His skepticism about the validity of natural religion cuts equally against Deism and Deism's opponents, who were also deeply involved in natural theology.
    • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The clear reasonableness of natural religion disappeared before a semi-historical look at what can be known about uncivilized man— "a barbarous, necessitous animal," as Hume termed him.
    • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

    But his famous Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion were not published until 1779, by which time deism had almost vanished in England.
.In its implications for deism, the Natural History of Religion (1757) may be Hume's most interesting work.^ In its implications for Deism, the Natural History of Religion (1757) may be Hume's most interesting work.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This became a point of attack for thinkers such as David Hume as they studied the "natural history of religion".
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Of all the modes of evidence that ever were invented to obtain belief to any system or opinion to which the name of religion has been given, that of miracle, however successful the imposition may have been, is the most inconsistent.
  • The Age Of Reason - Part I - Thomas Paine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.thomaspaine.org [Source type: Original source]

.In it, Hume contends that polytheism, not monotheism, was "the first and most ancient religion of mankind". In addition, contends Hume, the psychological basis of religion is not reason, but fear of the unknown.^ In it, Hume contends that polytheism, not monotheism, was "the first and most ancient religion of mankind".
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In addition, contends Hume, the psychological basis of religion is not reason, but fear of the unknown.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The primary religion of mankind arises chiefly from an anxious fear of future events; and what ideas will naturally be entertained of invisible, unknown powers, while men lie under dismal apprehensions of any kind, may easily be conceived.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.
The primary religion of mankind arises chiefly from an anxious fear of future events; and what ideas will naturally be entertained of invisible, unknown powers, while men lie under dismal apprehensions of any kind, may easily be conceived.^ The primary religion of mankind arises chiefly from an anxious fear of future events; and what ideas will naturally be entertained of invisible, unknown powers, while men lie under dismal apprehensions of any kind, may easily be conceived.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If by a prophet we are to suppose a man to whom the Almighty communicated some event that would take place in future, either there were such men, or there were not.
  • The Age Of Reason - Part I - Thomas Paine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.thomaspaine.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Why would a loving God give men such flawed natures if he is so both so loving and powerful?
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Every image of vengeance, severity, cruelty, and malice must occur, and must augment the ghastliness and horror which oppresses the amazed religionist.^ Every image of vengeance, severity, cruelty, and malice must occur, and must augment the ghastliness and horror which oppresses the amazed religionist.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

... And no idea of perverse wickedness can be framed, which those terrified devotees do not readily, without scruple, apply to their deity.
David Hume ,  The Natural History of Religion, section XIII
As E. Graham Waring observed:[32]
.
The clear reasonableness of natural religion disappeared before a semi-historical look at what can be known about uncivilized man— "a barbarous, necessitous animal," as Hume termed him.^ The clear reasonableness of natural religion disappeared before a semi-historical look at what can be known about uncivilized man— "a barbarous, necessitous animal," as Hume termed him.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Remember what Christ said about denying Him before man!

^ Religion, like Christianity, has its foundation in mythology and putting down attempts to find rational, reason answers to questions regarding the nature and the world.
  • CelticBear’s Musings » 2005 » June 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.celticbear.com [Source type: Original source]

.Natural religion, if by that term one means the actual religious beliefs and practices of uncivilized peoples, was seen to be a fabric of superstitions.^ Natural religion, if by that term one means the actual religious beliefs and practices of uncivilized peoples, was seen to be a fabric of superstitions.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This belief system combines elements of natural religion, Christianity, and rationalism, with rationalism being the most important one.
  • V&V Q&A: On Jefferson, Deism, and Church-State Separation (with Dr. Gary Scott Smith) 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.visandvals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was apparent that this term related to the belief that one entity was responsible for the creation of the Judaic and other religions, in particular the ancient ones and prior to Christianity.
  • Freemasons - The silent destroyers. Deist religious cult based on the Knights Templar - Initiation rituals like those of witchcraft 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.bilderberg.org [Source type: Original source]

.Primitive man was no unspoiled philosopher, clearly seeing the truth of one God.^ Primitive man was no unspoiled philosopher, clearly seeing the truth of one God.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is nothing new here in that by observing (not worshiping) Nature one could see God's handiwork.

^ Human inventions and priest-craft would be detected; and man would return to the pure, unmixed, and unadulterated belief of one God, and no more.
  • The Age Of Reason - Part I - Thomas Paine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.thomaspaine.org [Source type: Original source]

And the history of religion was not, as the deists had implied, retrograde; the widespread phenomenon of superstition was caused less by priestly malice than by man's unreason as he confronted his experience.
.Experts dispute whether Hume was a deist, an atheist, or something else.^ Experts dispute whether Hume was a Deist, an atheist , or something else.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Hume himself was uncomfortable with the terms Deist and atheist , and Hume scholar Paul Russell has argued that the best and safest term for Hume's views is irreligion .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This has spawned a subsidiary controversy over whether the Founding Fathers were Christians or Deists or something in between.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.Hume himself was uncomfortable with the terms deist and atheist, and Hume scholar Paul Russell has argued that the best and safest term for Hume's views is irreligion.^ Hume himself was uncomfortable with the terms Deist and atheist , and Hume scholar Paul Russell has argued that the best and safest term for Hume's views is irreligion .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There were atheists in the 1700s, and indeed throughout history, with the term "deist" being the novelty (I think it was invented in the 1600s).
  • Joe Carter on the Founding Fathers : Dispatches from the Culture Wars 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Experts dispute whether Hume was a Deist, an atheist , or something else.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

[33]

Continental European deism

Voltaire at age 24
by Nicolas de Largillière
.English deism, in the words of Peter Gay, "travelled well.^ English Deism, in the words of Peter Gay, "travelled well.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Peter Gay, Deism: An Anthology, p.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Peter Gay, Deism: An Anthology [25] Matthew Tindal .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

... .As Deism waned in England, it waxed in France and the German states."^ As Deism waned in England, it waxed in France and the German states."
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Deism was greatly influential among politicians, scientists and philosophers during the later 17th century and 18 century, in England, France Germany and the United States.
  • The Founding Fathers and Deism 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Deism (from the Latin Deus , meaning God ) is a religious philosophy and movement that became prominent in England , France , and the United States in the 17th and 18th centuries.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

[34]
.France had its own tradition of religious skepticism and natural theology in the works of Montaigne, Bayle, and Montesquieu.^ France had its own tradition of religious skepticism and natural theology in the works of Montaigne , Bayle , and Montesquieu .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Whereas the Age of Faith found its truths in religious tradition, the Age of Reason found its truths in observable natural phenomena and individual human reason.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln, like Socrates, was a man so natural, so thoughtful, rational, and sagacious, that he clearly saw that the popular traditional theology of his day and age was not religion."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

The most famous of the French deists was Voltaire, who acquired a taste for Newtonian science, and reinforcement of deistic inclinations, during a two-year visit to England starting in 1726.
.French deists also included Maximilien Robespierre and Rousseau.^ French Deists also included Maximilien Robespierre and Rousseau .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A number of prominent early Americans, including Ben Franklin, were Deists, along with French Enlightenment figures Voltaire and Rousseau.

^ (Extract Wiki) Deist Maximilien Franois Marie Isidore de Robespierre (6 May 1758 - 28 July 1794) is one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution.

.For a short period of time during the French Revolution the Cult of the Supreme Being was the state religion of France.^ For a short period of time during the French Revolution the Cult of the Supreme Being was the state religion of France.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Deism was greatly influential among politicians, scientists and philosophers during the later 17th century and 18 century, in England, France Germany and the United States.
  • The Founding Fathers and Deism 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The following is a statement of the theological opinions of Lincoln as understood by those who deny that he was a Christian: In regard to a Supreme Being he entertained at times Agnostic and even Atheistic opinions.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.Kant's identification with deism is controversial.^ Kant 's identification with Deism is controversial.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.An argument in favor of Kant as deist is Alan Wood's "Kant's Deism," in P. Rossi and M. Wreen (eds.^ That at least some major deists were secrete atheists is the burden of an essay by David Berman, "Deism, Immortality, and the Art of Theological Lying", in Deism, Masonry, and the Enlightenment , ed.
  • At the Origins of English Rationalism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.sullivan-county.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Kant's Philosophy of Religion Re-examined (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991); an argument against Kant as Deist is Stephen Palmquist's "Kant's Theistic Solution" .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ An argument in favor of Kant as Deist is Alan Wood's "Kant's Deism," in P. Rossi and M. Wreen (eds.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

), .Kant's Philosophy of Religion Re-examined (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991); an argument against Kant as deist is Stephen Palmquist's "Kant's Theistic Solution".^ Kant's Philosophy of Religion Re-examined (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991); an argument against Kant as Deist is Stephen Palmquist's "Kant's Theistic Solution" .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Bury then makes the typically deist argument that Natural Religion preceded "Positive" religion in history.
  • At the Origins of English Rationalism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.sullivan-county.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By the argument it contains against a particular Providence, though you allow a general Providence, you strike at the foundations of all religion.
  • Were the Founding Fathers "Deists," "Freethinkers," and"Infidels?" -- KEVIN CRAIG for Congress 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC kevincraig.us [Source type: Original source]

Deism in the United States

Thomas Paine
.In the United States, Enlightenment philosophy (which itself was heavily inspired by deist ideals) played a major role in creating the principle of separation of church and state, expressed in Thomas Jefferson's letters, and the principle of religious freedom expressed in the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.^ Ever heard of separation of church and state?

^ I have also been heavily influenced by Thomas Jefferson.
  • Joe Carter on the Founding Fathers : Dispatches from the Culture Wars 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In an 1802 letter to the Danbury Baptist Association, Jefferson argued that the First Amendment built a wall of separation between Church & State.
  • V&V Q&A: On Jefferson, Deism, and Church-State Separation (with Dr. Gary Scott Smith) 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.visandvals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.American Founding Fathers, or Framers of the Constitution, who were especially noted for being influenced by such philosophy include Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, Cornelius Harnett, Gouverneur Morris, and Hugh Williamson.^ I have also been heavily influenced by Thomas Jefferson.
  • Joe Carter on the Founding Fathers : Dispatches from the Culture Wars 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Founding Fathers who were especially noted for being influenced by such philosophy include Cornelius Harnett , Gouverneur Morris , Hugh Williamson , James Wilson , [30] and James Madison .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Deists include Gouverneur Morris who is credited with compiling and writing the Constitution, George Washington the presiding officer of the Constitutional Convention, James Madison the Father of the Constitution for his input and authorship of the Bill of Rights (the first ten amendments), and signers Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, James Wilson, and Hugh Williamson.

.Their political speeches show distinct deistic influence.^ Although these men were members of traditional Christian denominations (Hugh Williamson was a Presbyterian and the rest were Episcopalians), their political speeches show distinct Deistic influence.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We are told that because the American revolution, or at least the political rebuilding that followed it, showed the influence of Locke it was an Enlightenment movement, and therefore anti-Christian.
  • At the Origins of English Rationalism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.sullivan-county.com [Source type: Original source]

.Other notable Founding Fathers may have been more directly deist.^ Other notable Founding Fathers may have been more directly Deist.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Why do Deists claim that the Founding Fathers were Deists?

^ However, they want to rationalize the founding father intent model with their views on the Establishment Clause, notably the evolution and school prayer cases.
  • Joe Carter on the Founding Fathers : Dispatches from the Culture Wars 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.These include James Madison, John Adams, possibly Alexander Hamilton, Ethan Allen [35] and Thomas Paine (who published The Age of Reason, a treatise that helped to popularize deism throughout America and Europe).^ Thomas Paine's trial; being an examination of his Age of reason.

^ These include Ethan Allen [32] and Thomas Paine (who published The Age of Reason , a treatise that helped to popularize Deism throughout America and Europe).
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Founding Fathers who were especially noted for being influenced by such philosophy include Cornelius Harnett , Gouverneur Morris , Hugh Williamson , James Wilson , [30] and James Madison .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

Elihu Palmer (1764-1806) wrote the "Bible" of American deism in his Principles of Nature (1801) and attempted to organize deism by forming the "Deistical Society of New York."
.Currently there is an ongoing controversy in the United States over whether or not the country was founded as a "Christian nation" based on Judeo-Christian ideals.^ Many hold to a political view whereby our nation's government is founded on Christian principles.
  • Joe Carter on the Founding Fathers : Dispatches from the Culture Wars 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If this is a Judeo/Christian nation, founded on Judeo/Christian principles, as many say it is, then why aren't there exhortations in the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, the Preamble, the Founding Father's writings, etc.

^ In opposing McIver and Eberle's motion to exclude the 63 marijuana plants found in their basement from consideration as relevant conduct, the Government contended that under United States v.
  • United States v. McIver 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC cl.bna.com [Source type: Original source]

.This has spawned a subsidiary controversy over whether the Founding Fathers were Christians, deists, or something in between.^ Why do Deists claim that the Founding Fathers were Deists?

^ This has spawned a subsidiary controversy over whether the Founding Fathers were Christians or Deists or something in between.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Other notable Founding Fathers may have been more directly Deist.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

[36] .[37] Particularly heated is the debate over the beliefs of Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and George Washington.^ This is broadly the beliefs of Jefferson and Franklin as well.

^ Particularly heated is the debate over the beliefs of Richard Hedrick , Benjamin Franklin , Thomas Jefferson , and George Washington , for some of whom the evidence is mixed.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Because most deists denied Gods active involvement in the world, the efficacy of prayer, and the Bible as Gods revelation, the concept of theistic rationalism seems preferable to that of Unitarian-deist or enlightened deist in describing Jefferson and other Founders, including George Washington, John Adams, and Benjamin Franklin.
  • V&V Q&A: On Jefferson, Deism, and Church-State Separation (with Dr. Gary Scott Smith) 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.visandvals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[38] [39][40]
.Benjamin Franklin wrote in his autobiography, "Some books against Deism fell into my hands; they were said to be the substance of sermons preached at Boyle's lectures.^ He admitted that he wrote a book against Christianity.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He referred to the mock sermons he is said to have preached.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However, Benjamin Franklin wrote in his autobiography, "Some books against Deism fell into my hands; they were said to be the substance of sermons preached at Boyle's lectures.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.It happened that they wrought an effect on me quite contrary to what was intended by them; for the arguments of the Deists, which were quoted to be refuted, appeared to me much stronger than the refutations; in short, I soon became a thorough Deist.^ In a word, I soon became a thorough Deist" (Ibid, p.
  • Six Historic Americans: Benjamin Franklin 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I soon became a thorough Deist.” .
  • Deism : The official site of Colonial Williamsburg 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.history.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It happened that they wrought an effect on my quite contrary to what was intended by them; for the arguments of the Deists, which were quoted to be refuted, appeared to me much stronger than the refutations; in short, I soon became a thorough Deist."
  • Our Founding Fathers Were NOT Christians 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC freethought.mbdojo.com [Source type: Original source]

.My arguments perverted some others, particularly Collins and Ralph; but each of them having afterwards wrong'd me greatly without the least compunction, and recollecting Keith's conduct towards me (who was another freethinker) and my own towards Vernon and Miss Read, which at times gave me great trouble, I began to suspect that this doctrine, tho' it might be true, was not very useful."^ Who or what owns “my” body?
  • www.SPINEBUSTER.com • View topic - The Deist's Domain 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ocman.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That Mr. Herndon was keenly sensitive to this great wrong is disclosed by the tone of his letters written at the time.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Nobody even seems to agree on what the Holy Grail is: some say it is the cup used by Jesus at the Last Supper; others that it was used to collect his blood at the crucifixion.
  • Freemasons - The silent destroyers. Deist religious cult based on the Knights Templar - Initiation rituals like those of witchcraft 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.bilderberg.org [Source type: Original source]

[41] [42]
.For his part, Thomas Jefferson is perhaps one of the Founding Fathers with the most outspoken of Deist tendencies, though he more often referred to himself as a Unitarian.^ Other notable Founding Fathers may have been more directly Deist.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Liberal Fallacy #1: Most founding fathers were Deists or secular.

^ Remember > that the writer of the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson, > was an outspoken Deist.
  • Were the Founding Fathers "Deists," "Freethinkers," and"Infidels?" -- KEVIN CRAIG for Congress 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC kevincraig.us [Source type: Original source]

.In particular, his treatment of the Biblical gospels which he titled The Life and Morals of Jesus of Nazareth, but which subsequently became more commonly known as the Jefferson Bible, exhibits a strong deist tendency of stripping away all supernatural and dogmatic references from the Christ story.^ Jesus Christ was, is and will be that perfect ideal of morality.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The third president devised three summaries of biblical teaching, most notably The Life and Morals of Jesus of Nazareth , better known as the Jefferson Bible, in an effort to base Christianity on reason and remove all its supernatural elements and irrational dogmatism.
  • V&V Q&A: On Jefferson, Deism, and Church-State Separation (with Dr. Gary Scott Smith) 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.visandvals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jefferson own words explain that his intent for that book was not for it to be a "Bible," but rather for it to be a primer for the Indians on the teachings of Christ (which is why Jefferson titled that work, "The Life and Morals of Jesus of Nazareth").
  • The Founding Fathers and Deism 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The decline of deism

.Deism is generally considered to have declined as an influential school of thought by around 1800. It is probably more accurate, however, to say that deism evolved into, and contributed to, other religious movements.^ He was religious in his own way -- not as others generally.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is probably more accurate, however, to say that Deism evolved into, and contributed to, other religious movements.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Deism is generally considered to have declined as an influential school of thought by around 1800.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.The term deist became used rarely, but deist beliefs, ideas, and influences did not.^ The term Deist fell into disuse, but Deist ideas and influences did not.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps the first use of the term Deist is in Pierre Viret 's Instruction Chrestienne (1564), reprinted in Bayle's Dictionnaire entry Viret .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Franklin called himself a "deist," but used the word in a sense quite different from the way most Americans think of that term today.
  • Were the Founding Fathers "Deists," "Freethinkers," and"Infidels?" -- KEVIN CRAIG for Congress 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC kevincraig.us [Source type: Original source]

.They can be seen in 19th-century liberal British theology and in the rise of Unitarianism, which adopted many of its beliefs and ideas.^ They can be seen in 19th-century liberal British theology and in the rise of Unitarianism , which adopted many of its ideas.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The modern idea of a centuries old conflict between Science and Religion is a myth, propagated largely in certain 19th century books.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ They were what we now call mainstream and/or liberal Christians, unorthodox in their theology and decidedly liberal in their politics.

.Even today, there are a significant number of deistic Web sites.^ Even today, there are a significant number of Deist Web sites .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It isn't there as yet, but I have it on good authority that it will be on the Richard Dawkins web site (www.richardDawkins.net) .
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

Several factors contributed to a general decline in the popularity of deism, including:
  • deism remained a personal philosophy and had not yet become an organized movement (before the advent in the 20th century of organizations such as the World Union of Deists).
  • with the rise of Unitarianism, based on deistic principles, people self-identified as Unitarians rather than as deists[44]
  • an anti-deist and anti-reason campaign by some Christian clergymen and theologians such as Johann Georg Hamann to vilify deism
  • Christian revivalist movements, such as Pietism or Methodism, which taught that a more personal relationship with a deity was possible[44]

Deism today

.Contemporary deism attempts to integrate classical deism with modern philosophy and the current state of scientific knowledge.^ Contemporary Deism attempts to integrate classical Deism with modern philosophy and the current state of scientific knowledge.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It would therefore be advantageous to the state of learning to abolish the study of the dead languages, and to make learning consist, as it originally did, in scientific knowledge.
  • The Age Of Reason - Part I - Thomas Paine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.thomaspaine.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Deism (from the Latin Deus , meaning God ) is a religious philosophy and movement that became prominent in England , France , and the United States in the 17th and 18th centuries.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.This attempt has produced a wide variety of personal beliefs under the broad classification/category of belief of "deism". The Modern Deism web site includes one list of the unofficial tenets of modern deism.^ Instead, he turns out one anti-Semitic book after another, as well as hate screeds for propaganda magazines and web sites.
  • History News Network 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC hnn.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some past destinations include France, Spain, South Africa, Venezuela, Mexico and, according to the school Web site, Cuba in 2004 and 2005.
  • History News Network 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC hnn.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Varieties of deism occupied one end of the spectrum of belief that flourished outside the constraints of the established church, and that end of the spectrum was well represented in Philadelphia.

.Classical deism held that a human's relationship with God was impersonal: God created the world and set it in motion but does not actively intervene in individual human affairs but rather through Divine Providence.^ Deism held that God created the laws of nature and then receded from action.

^ Prehaps that is Gods way of creating humans?
  • Top 10 Myths About Dinosaurs - Listverse 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Classical Deism held that a human's relationship with God was impersonal: God created the world and set it in motion but does not actively intervene in individual human affairs but rather through Divine Providence .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.What this means is that God will give humanity such things as reason and compassion but this applies to all and not individual intervention.^ The reason deism does not apply is that all of these men believed in an active, interventionist, benevolent God rather than an aloof, watchmaker type of creator.
  • Joe Carter on the Founding Fathers : Dispatches from the Culture Wars 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By saying that humans are separate individuals with distinct lives and different goals does not mean that everybody OUGHT to live to propagate this in other individuals.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ All of them made in such a way as to give knowledge to man.

.Some modern deists have modified this classical view and believe that humanity's relationship with God is transpersonal which means that God transcends the personal/impersonal duality and moves beyond such human terms.^ "Did Mr. Lincoln believe in prayer as a means of moving God?
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Why do Deists believe in God?

^ Deist believe there is a God.
  • She's running for VP, not head of a church | ItsYourTimes.com 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.itsyourtimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.Also, this means that it makes no sense to state that God intervenes or does not intervene as that is a human characteristic which God does not contain.^ This makes sense for a God who says he loves me.
  • Antony Flew's Conversion to Deism - The Panda's Thumb 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC pandasthumb.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Because the idea of a universe which came into being via a causal mechanism does not make sense.
  • Deism? - Page 2 - JREF Forum 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Human inventions and priest-craft would be detected; and man would return to the pure, unmixed, and unadulterated belief of one God, and no more.
  • The Age Of Reason - Part I - Thomas Paine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.thomaspaine.org [Source type: Original source]

.Modern deists believe that they must continue what the classical deists started and continue to use modern human knowledge to come to understand God which in turn is why a human-like God that can lead to numerous contradictions and inconsistencies is no longer believed in and has been replaced with a much more abstract conception.^ Do Deists ever believe in more than one God?

^ Deists and Christians believe in the same God, but they differ as to what this God has done, and to what this God will do.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ What do Deists think that God is like?

A modern definition has been created and provided by the World Union of Deists (WUD) that provides a modern understanding of deism:
Deism is the recognition of a universal creative force greater than that demonstrated by mankind, supported by personal observation of laws and designs in nature and the universe, perpetuated and validated by the innate ability of human reason coupled with the rejection of claims made by individuals and organized religions of having received special divine revelation.
.Because deism asserts God without accepting claims of divine revelation, it appeals to people from both ends of the religious spectrum.^ Without the guidance of the scriptures, did deism collapse the relation between God and man into fatalism—turning a moral agent into merely God's machine?
  • Christopher Grasso | Deist Monster: On Religious Common Sense in the Wake of the American Revolution | The Journal of American History, 95.1 | The History Cooperative 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The following are the religious views Lincoln is said to have held as presented by those who affirm that he was a Christian: He believed in the existence of a God, and accepted the Christian conception of this Being.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He expressed surprise over the confusion some people have spread and asserted that his position about the belief in god remains unchanged and is the same as it was expressed in his famous speech “Theology and Falsification”.
  • Antony Flew's Conversion to Deism - The Panda's Thumb 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC pandasthumb.org [Source type: Original source]

.Antony Flew, for example, is a convert from atheism, and Raymond Fontaine was a Roman Catholic priest for over 20 years.^ Antony Flew , for example, is a convert from atheism, and Raymond Fontaine [2] was a Roman Catholic priest for over 20 years.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Comments The prominent philosopher, Antony Flew, has famously converted to deism (Flew and Habermas, 2005).
  • Antony Flew's Conversion to Deism - The Panda's Thumb 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC pandasthumb.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I could not help but notice how the process of initiation is infact imitative of the process required to become a Roman Catholic, for example.
  • Freemasons - The silent destroyers. Deist religious cult based on the Knights Templar - Initiation rituals like those of witchcraft 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.bilderberg.org [Source type: Original source]

.The 2001 American Religious Identification Survey (ARIS) survey, which involved 50,000 participants, reported that the number of participants in the survey identifying themselves as deists grew at the rate of 717 percent between 1990 and 2001. If this were generalized to the US population as a whole, it would make deism the fastest-growing religious classification in the US for that period, with the reported total of 49,000 self-identified adherents representing about 0.02% of the US population at the time.^ Return to FAQ Although most Deists would love to see the number of declared Deists soar, the goal of promoting Deism is to get more people thinking for themselves about what their religious and ethical beliefs are rather than just jumping in as blind followers of a traditional organized religion.

^ So he kinda gave us a hint as to what he thinks about women in general.
  • Beck Calls 'Bullcrap' On Palin's Non-Answer About Favorite Founding Father (VIDEO) | TPM LiveWire 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC tpmlivewire.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Taken in their totality, Jefferson’s self-evident truths are not actually self-evident truths, but represent a creed.
  • If The Declaration of Independence Is A Deist Document Then Why Do Christians Respect It? « Jesus Christ Is Lord 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC healtheland.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

[45] [46]

Modern deistic organizations and websites

.In 1993, Bob Johnson established the first Deist organization since the days of Thomas Paine and Elihu Palmer with the World Union of Deists.^ In 1993 Robert L. Johnson established the first Deist organization since the days of Thomas Paine and Elihu Palmer with the World Union of Deists .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Chapter VIII Abraham Lincoln, Deist, and Admirer of Thomas Paine Born, February 12, 1809.
  • Abraham Lincoln, Deist, and Admirer of Thomas Paine 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.positiveatheism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Jon Rowe ( mail ) ( www ): Thomas Paine and Ethan Allen probably come closest to "strict Deists."

.The WUD offered the monthly hardcopy publication THINK!.^ The WUD offered the monthly hardcopy publication THINK! .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Currently the WUD offers two online Deist publications, THINKonline!
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.Currently the WUD offers two online Deist publications, THINKonline! and Deistic Thought & Action! As well as using the Internet for spreading the Deist message, the WUD is also conducting a direct mail campaign.^ Currently the WUD offers two online Deist publications, THINKonline!
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As well as using the Internet for spreading the Deist message, the WUD is also conducting a direct mail campaign.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Turning from the personal to the political, Stiles then conducted an elaborate thought experiment, imagining the establishment of three polities—one idolatrous, the second deistic, and the third Christian.
  • Christopher Grasso | Deist Monster: On Religious Common Sense in the Wake of the American Revolution | The Journal of American History, 95.1 | The History Cooperative 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

.1996 saw the first Web site dedicated to Deism with the WUD site www.deism.com .^ Web site dedicated to Deism with the WUD site www.deism.com .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It isn't there as yet, but I have it on good authority that it will be on the Richard Dawkins web site (www.richardDawkins.net) .
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The Modern Deism Web site includes one list of the unofficial tenets of modern deism .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1998 www.sullivan-county.com[47] was the Virginia/Tennessee affiliate of www.deism.com and the second oldest Deism site on the web.^ It isn't there as yet, but I have it on good authority that it will be on the Richard Dawkins web site (www.richardDawkins.net) .
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Found an interesting site: http://www.sullivan-county.com/deism.htm The author raves a bit, and I disagree here and there…but he does say straight out that many Deists disagree on various specifics of Deism, and that’s OK. So, it’s still a very interesting and informative read for more info and thought on Deism.
  • CelticBear’s Musings » 2005 » June 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.celticbear.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The following explanation of Rev. Rosenthal on the Zion's Hope web site: http://www.zionshope.org/html/Z9601R.html .

.Instead of engaging in constant attacks on Christianity and Judaism, split from Deism.com to promote more traditional and historical deist' beliefs and history.^ Tertullian presented in many respects a fairly traditional apologetic, citing fulfilled biblical prophecies and historical evidences for the resurrection of Jesus in support of the Christian faith.
  • Fideist Apologetics: By Faith Alone | Bible.org; NET Bible, Bible Study 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC bible.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Adams was a more traditional believer, but his Unitarianism was among the least emotive of Christian denominations.
  • If The Declaration of Independence Is A Deist Document Then Why Do Christians Respect It? « Jesus Christ Is Lord 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC healtheland.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was apparent that this term related to the belief that one entity was responsible for the creation of the Judaic and other religions, in particular the ancient ones and prior to Christianity.
  • Freemasons - The silent destroyers. Deist religious cult based on the Knights Templar - Initiation rituals like those of witchcraft 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.bilderberg.org [Source type: Original source]

.From this effort, many other deist sites and discussion groups have appeared on the Internet such as Positive Deism, Deist Info, Modern Deism and many others.^ From this effort, many other Deist sites and discussion groups have appeared on the Internet.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Positive Deism group is not about bashing the beliefs or faith of others.

^ A History of Freethought: Ancient and modern, to the period of the French revolution by John Mackinnon Robertson (1915) Other studies of Deism include: .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.In the last few years, the Deist Alliance was created so that many of the sites on the internet could come together to support each other and advocate deism.^ From this effort, many other Deist sites and discussion groups have appeared on the Internet.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ To admit, however grudgingly, that a deist could be a patriotic leader or a virtuous republican citizen contradicted the axiom that many like Common Sense Sherman continued to hold: that there was a necessary connection between deism and depravity.
  • Christopher Grasso | Deist Monster: On Religious Common Sense in the Wake of the American Revolution | The Journal of American History, 95.1 | The History Cooperative 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As it is not claimed that Lincoln was an Atheist, especially during the last years of his life, the above can very properly be brought forward in support of the negative of this question.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

The Deist Alliance has its own quarterly newsletter that is written by members and readers.
.In 2009 the World Union of Deists published a book on Deism, Deism: A Revolution in Religion, A Revolution in You written by its founder and director, Bob Johnson.^ In deism, god is the conclusion reached after seeing the world around you.
  • www.SPINEBUSTER.com • View topic - The Deist's Domain 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ocman.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Though the book is written mostly has a historical narrative – starting with the settling of the New World and ending with the Founders in retirement – along the way it argues that several of the most common assumption about the Founders and religion are wrong.

^ Deists believe that it is nature itself that points to a creator, and that anything we can know of God will be discovered there, not in the pages of a book written by man.

This book focuses on what Deism has to offer both individuals and society.

Subcategories of deism

.Modern deists hold a wide range of views on the nature of God and God's relationship to the world.^ Modern Deists hold a wide range of views on the nature of God and God's relationship to the world.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He did not look to the heavens and the earth and find God's character and intentions in the regular laws of the natural world.
  • Christopher Grasso | Deist Monster: On Religious Common Sense in the Wake of the American Revolution | The Journal of American History, 95.1 | The History Cooperative 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It promoted a world view in which the natural universe is controlled by laws of nature.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.The common area of agreement is the desire to use reason, experience, and nature as the basis of belief.^ The common area of agreement is the desire to use reason, experience, and nature as the basis of belief.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But, I mention this dual aspect in reaching a decision as part of the reason why the word ‘belief’ is used.
  • Antony Flew's Conversion to Deism - The Panda's Thumb 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC pandasthumb.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Deism is a belief in God based on Nature and Reason.

.There are a number of subcategories of modern deism, including monodeism, polydeism, pandeism, panendeism, spiritual deism, process deism, Christian deism, scientific deism, and humanistic deism.^ There are a number of subcategories of modern Deist, including Monodeism, Pandeism, Panendeism, Process Deism, Polydeism, Christian Deism, Scientific Deism, Humanistic Deism.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In Christianity as Old as the Creation , Tindal articulated a number of the basic tenets of Deism: .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Garvin described his spiritual position as "' pandeism ' or 'pan-en-deism,' something very close to the Native American concept of the all- pervading Great Spirit ..."
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.Some deists see design in nature and purpose in the universe and in their lives (Prime Designer).^ Some Deists see design in nature and purpose in the universe and in their lives (Prime Designer).
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some Deists view God in classical terms and see God as observing humanity but not directly intervening in our lives (Prime Observer), while others see God as a subtle and persuasive spirit (Prime Mover).
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some contemporary Deists believe (with the classical Deists) that God has created the universe perfectly, so no amount of supplication, request, or begging can change the fundamental nature of the universe.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.Others see God and the universe in a co-creative process (Prime Motivator).^ Others see God and the universe in a co-creative process (Prime Motivator).
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some Deists view God in classical terms and see God as observing humanity but not directly intervening in our lives (Prime Observer), while others see God as a subtle and persuasive spirit (Prime Mover).
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Deism maintains that god created the universe, and by observing it man can see that a god exists, but nature's purpose is not to demonstrate god to man.
  • www.SPINEBUSTER.com • View topic - The Deist's Domain 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ocman.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some deists view God in classical terms and see God as observing humanity but not directly intervening in our lives (Prime Observer), while others see God as a subtle and persuasive spirit (Prime Mover).^ So by observing nature, I can see that God exists.
  • www.SPINEBUSTER.com • View topic - The Deist's Domain 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ocman.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some Deists see design in nature and purpose in the universe and in their lives (Prime Designer).
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some Deists view God in classical terms and see God as observing humanity but not directly intervening in our lives (Prime Observer), while others see God as a subtle and persuasive spirit (Prime Mover).
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

Pandeism

.Pandeism combines deism with pantheism, the belief that the universe is identical to God.^ Panendeism combines Deism with panentheism , the belief that the universe is part of God, but not all of God.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Pandeism combines Deism with the pantheism , the belief that the universe is identical to God.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Deism maintains that god created the universe, and by observing it man can see that a god exists, but nature's purpose is not to demonstrate god to man.
  • www.SPINEBUSTER.com • View topic - The Deist's Domain 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ocman.com [Source type: Original source]

.Pandeism holds that God was a conscious and sentient force or entity that designed and created the universe, which operates by mechanisms set forth in the creation.^ God exists and created the universe.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ That God create everything necessary in the universe (i.e.
  • Top 10 Myths About Dinosaurs - Listverse 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pandeism adopts the deistic belief that God was a conscious and sentient force or entity that designed and created the universe, which operates by mechanisms set forth in the creation.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.God thus became an unconscious and nonresponsive being by becoming the universe.^ By becoming the universe, God became an unconscious and nonresponsive being.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Christian can interpret what is said as being in reference to the personal God of Christianity who created the universe.
  • Freemasons - The silent destroyers. Deist religious cult based on the Knights Templar - Initiation rituals like those of witchcraft 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.bilderberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As for the first cause argument; contingency doesn’t apply to beings it applies to propositions, thus I can only assume that when you say God is a non-contingent being then you are saying that he is a being that requires no cause.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Other than this distinction (and the possibility that the universe will one day return to the state of being God), pandeistic beliefs are identical to deistic ones.^ Pandeism combines Deism with the pantheism , the belief that the universe is identical to God.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The belief in a God is far from being a mystery.

^ While there is no general agreement concerning the worship of Gods, sacred beings, saints, and angels, yet the Common Notion or Universal Consent tells us that adoration ought to be reserved for the one God.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.The term pandeism was coined in 1859 by German philosophers and frequent collaborators Moritz Lazarus and Heymann Steinthal in Zeitschrift für Völkerpsychologie und Sprachwissenschaft.^ Moritz Lazarus and Heymann Steinthal, Zeitschrift für Völkerpsychologie und Sprachwissenschaft (1859), p.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The term was coined in 1859 by German philosophers and frequent collaborators Moritz Lazarus and Heymann Steinthal in Zeitschrift für Völkerpsychologie und Sprachwissenschaft .
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

They wrote:
.
Man stelle es also den Denkern frei, ob sie Theisten, Pan-theisten, Atheisten, Deisten (und warum nicht auch Pandeisten?^ They wrote that "Man stelle es also den Denkern frei, ob sie Theisten, Pan-theisten, Atheisten, Deisten (und warum nicht auch Pandeisten?
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

)[48]
This is translated as:
.
So we should let these thinkers decide themselves whether they are theists, pan-theists, atheists, deists (and why not even pandeists?^ It may even be questioned whether he is a Theist, whether be is a Deist.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Nonetheless, the question is, why is there such a haste to deny that any of these men were Deists?
  • The Founding Fathers and Deism 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There's obviously less vitriol toward the deist than the theist, at least as far as the atheist is concerned.
  • www.SPINEBUSTER.com • View topic - The Deist's Domain 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ocman.com [Source type: Original source]

)
In the 1960s, theologian Charles Hartshorne scrupulously examined and rejected both deism and pandeism (as well as pantheism) in favor of a conception of God whose characteristics included "absolute perfection in some respects, relative perfection in all others" or "AR", writing that this theory "is able consistently to embrace all that is positive in either deism or pandeism", concluding that "panentheistic doctrine contains all of deism and pandeism except their arbitrary negations".[49]

Panendeism

.Panendeism combines deism with panentheism, the belief that the universe is part of God, but not all of God.^ Panendeism combines Deism with panentheism , the belief that the universe is part of God, but not all of God.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Pandeism combines Deism with the pantheism , the belief that the universe is identical to God.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The reason deism does not apply is that all of these men believed in an active, interventionist, benevolent God rather than an aloof, watchmaker type of creator.
  • Joe Carter on the Founding Fathers : Dispatches from the Culture Wars 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.A central component of Panendeism is "Experiential Metaphysics" - the idea that a mystical component exists within the framework of Panendeism, allowing the seeker to experience a relationship to Deity through meditation, prayer or some other type of communion.^ It grieves me to think of those times and the only reason why I relate all this is hopefully to spare some other vicar and PCC the kind of experience we all suffered at that time.
  • Freemasons - The silent destroyers. Deist religious cult based on the Knights Templar - Initiation rituals like those of witchcraft 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.bilderberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You claim that you have an innate idea that some things are right and others are wrong, let's call this the 'right/wrong' idea.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ In the Royal Arch temple we 40 or so masonic tourists listened to Dr Fox as he talked us through some of the aprons and other paraphernalia of the various masonic degrees.
  • Freemasons - The silent destroyers. Deist religious cult based on the Knights Templar - Initiation rituals like those of witchcraft 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.bilderberg.org [Source type: Original source]

[50] This is a major departure from Classical Deism.
.A 1995 news article includes an early usage of the term by Jim Garvin, a Vietnam vet who became a Trappist monk in the Holy Cross Abbey of Berryville, Virginia, and went on to lead the economic development of Phoenix, Arizona.^ By early January that initial article had been reprinted in newspapers in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey.
  • Christopher Grasso | Deist Monster: On Religious Common Sense in the Wake of the American Revolution | The Journal of American History, 95.1 | The History Cooperative 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This page includes, in addition to news about historians, news about political scientists, economists, law professors, and others who write about history.
  • History News Network 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC hnn.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the course of time, the term the 'Holy Grail' became associated with the cup at the Last Supper and the tradition of King Arthur s court.

Garvin described his spiritual position as "'pandeism' or 'pan-en-deism,' something very close to the Native American concept of the all-pervading Great Spirit..."[51]
.The term "panendeism" appeared again in 2001 on a website[50] developed by Larry Copling in Dallas, Texas.^ The term was first published on Copling's website, http://www.panendeism.com in early 2001.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.Copling used the term while developing a more deistic interpretation of the panentheistic approach to understanding the Deity.^ Copling's coinage came while developing a more Deistic interpretation of the panentheistic approach to understanding the Divine.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ From this point forward, unless we specify otherwise we will use the term to refer to this “responsible” or “rational” fideism as the fourth major type or approach to apologetics.
  • Fideist Apologetics: By Faith Alone | Bible.org; NET Bible, Bible Study 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC bible.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Here are more examples: We use terms such as “my mental state”, “an experience I will never forget”, “my leg”, “deep down I feel…” etc.
  • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Copling wrote a more complete description of panendeism in a 2008 article.^ A more complete description of the concept was later made available via an article published on Copling's personal website ( http://www.copling.com ) in 2004.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

The original ideology known as "PanenDeism" continues in its present development.

Opinions on prayer

.Many classical deists were critical of some types of prayer.^ Given the diversity of opinion and the complexity of many of the criticisms of Barth, we cannot enter into this debate here, but can only offer some general observations.
  • Fideist Apologetics: By Faith Alone | Bible.org; NET Bible, Bible Study 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC bible.org [Source type: Original source]

.For example, in Christianity as Old as the Creation, Matthew Tindal argues against praying for miracles, but advocates prayer as both a human duty and a human need.^ For example, in Christianity as Old as the Creation , Matthew Tindal argues against praying for miracles, but advocates prayer as both a human duty and a human need.
  • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In his Second Inaugural address, referring to the contending Christian elements in the civil war, he says: "Both read the same Bible and pray to the same God, and each invokes his aid against the other."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I have heard him argue against the doctrine of atonement, for example.
  • Abraham Lincoln, Deist, and Admirer of Thomas Paine 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.positiveatheism.org [Source type: Original source]

[52]
Today, deists hold a variety of opinions about prayer:
.
  • Some contemporary deists believe (with the classical deists) that God has created the universe perfectly, so no amount of supplication, request, or begging can change the fundamental nature of the universe.
  • Some deists believe that God is not an entity that can be contacted by human beings through petitions for relief; rather, God can only be experienced through the nature of the universe.
  • Some deists do not believe in divine intervention but still find value in prayer as a form of meditation, self-cleansing, and spiritual renewal.^ Instead, Deists believe that Nature is the true, unchangable “Word of God”.

    ^ Many classical Deists were critical of some types of prayer.
    • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Deists believe in an Infinite Being, who created and preserves the universe.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    Such prayers are often appreciative (i.e., "Thank you for ...") rather than supplicative (i.e., "Please God grant me ...").[53]
  • Some deists, usually referred to as Spiritual Deists, practice meditation and make frequent use of Affirmative Prayer, a non-supplicative form of prayer which is common in the New Thought movement.
.Alexander Pope, generally considered to have deistic sympathies, composed a poem he called "The Universal Prayer.^ When we consider the greatness of God who directs the universe (of which we know so little), we ought to be ashamed at calling these petty little stories the Word of God."

^ Deborah and Barak are called prophets, not because they predicted anything, but because they composed the poem or song that bears their name, in celebration of an act already done.
  • The Age Of Reason - Part I - Thomas Paine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.thomaspaine.org [Source type: Original source]

[54]

See also

References

  1. ^ R. E. Allen (ed) (1990). The Concise Oxford Dictionary. Oxford University Press.  
  2. ^ http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/deist
  3. ^ http://moderndeism.com/html/deism_defined.html
  4. ^ Orr, John (1934). English Deism: Its Roots and Its Fruits. Eerdmans. pp. 13.  
  5. ^ a b See the article on the history of Deism in the online Dictionary of the History of Ideas.
  6. ^ Reill, Peter Hanns; Ellen Judy Wilson (1996). Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment. Facts On File. article: Deism.  
  7. ^ Waring, E. Graham (1967). Deism and Natural Religion: A Source Book. Introduction, p. xv.  
  8. ^ Willey, Basil (1940). The Eighteenth Century Background. pp. 11.  
  9. ^ Gay, Peter (1968). Deism: An Anthology. Van Nostrand. pp. 114 ff..  
  10. ^ Waring, E. Graham (1967). Deism and Natural Religion: A Source Book. pp. 113.  
  11. ^ Quoted in Deism and Natural Religion: A Source Book, pp. 1–12
  12. ^ Some mysteries are "above" reason rather than "contrary" to it. This was Locke's position.
  13. ^ Note the reference to Descartes' "clear and distinct ideas"
  14. ^ Note the reference to Lord Herbert of Cherbury's "common notions"
  15. ^ Waring, E. Graham (1967). Deism and Natural Religion: A Source Book. pp. 163.  
  16. ^ Orr, John (1934). English Deism: Its Roots and Its Fruits. Eerdmans. pp. 137.  
  17. ^ Orr, John (1934). English Deism: Its Roots and Its Fruits. Eerdmans. pp. 134.  
  18. ^ Orr, John (1934). English Deism: Its Roots and Its Fruits. Eerdmans. pp. 78.  
  19. ^ Benjamin Franklin - Constitutional Convention Address on Prayer
  20. ^ The discussion of the background of deism is based on the excellent summary in "The Challenge of the Seventeenth Century" in The Historical Jesus Question by Gregory W. Dawes (Westminster: John Knox Press, 2001). Good discussions of individual deist writers can be found in The Seventeenth Century Background and The Eighteenth Century Background by Basil Willey.
  21. ^ "Windows into China", John Parker, p.25, ISBN 0890730504
  22. ^ "The Eastern origins of Western civilization", John Hobson, p194-195, ISBN 0521547245
  23. ^ Willey, Basil (1934). The Seventeenth Century Background.  
  24. ^ Orr, John (1934). English Deism: Its Roots and Its Fruits. pp. 59 ff..  
  25. ^ Gay, Peter (1968). Deism: An Anthology. Van Nostrand. pp. 47–48.  
  26. ^ Orr, John (1934). English Deism: Its Roots and Its Fruits. Eerdmans. pp. 96–99.  
  27. ^ a b Gay, Peter (1968). Deism: An Anthology. Van Nostrand. pp. 9–10.  
  28. ^ Gay, Peter (1968). Deism: An Anthology. Van Nostrand. pp. 78–79.  
  29. ^ a b Gay, Peter (1968). Deism: An Anthology. Van Nostrand. pp. 140.  
  30. ^ Waring, E. Graham (1967). Deism and Natural Religion: A Source Book. pp. 107.  
  31. ^ Orr, John (1934). English Deism: Its Roots and Its Fruits. Eerdmans. pp. 173.  
  32. ^ Waring, E. Graham (1967). Deism and Natural Religion: A Source Book. Introduction, p. xv.  
  33. ^ Russell, Paul (2005). "Hume on Religion". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/hume-religion/. Retrieved 2009-12-17.  
  34. ^ Gay, Peter (1968). Deism: An Anthology. Van Nostrand. pp. 143.  
  35. ^ "Excerpts from Allen's Reason The Only Oracle Of Man". Ethan Allen Homestead Museum. http://www.ethanallenhomestead.org/history/oracle.htm#excerpts.  
  36. ^ "The Deist Minimum". 2005. http://www.firstthings.com/ftissues/ft0501/articles/dulles.htm.  
  37. ^ Holmes, David (2006). The Faiths of the Founding Fathers. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, USA. ISBN 0195300920.  
  38. ^ David Liss (11 June 2006). ""The Founding Fathers Solving modern problems, building wealth and finding God."". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/06/08/AR2006060801123.html.  
  39. ^ Gene Garman (2001). "Was Thomas Jefferson a Deist?". Sullivan-County.com. http://www.sullivan-county.com/id3/jefferson_deist.htm.  
  40. ^ Walter Isaacson (March-April, 2004). "Benjamin Franklin: An American Life". Skeptical Inquirer. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2843/is_2_28/ai_114090213/pg_1.  
  41. ^ Franklin, Benjamin (2005). Benjamin Franklin: Autobiography, Poor Richard, and Later Writings. New York, NY: Library of America. pp. 619. ISBN 1883011531.  
  42. ^ "Benjamin Franklin, Autobiography". University of Maine, Farmington. http://faculty.umf.maine.edu/~walters/web%20103/Ben%20Franklin.htm.  
  43. ^ a b c "English Deism". The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2006. http://www.utm.edu/research/iep/d/deismeng.htm#Hume%27s%20Influence. Retrieved 2009-12-16.  
  44. ^ a b c d e f Mossner, Ernest Campbell (1967). "Deism". The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Vol. 2. Collier-MacMillan. pp. 326–336.  
  45. ^ "ARIS key findings, 2001". http://www.gc.cuny.edu/faculty/research_briefs/aris/key_findings.htm.  
  46. ^ "Largest Religious Groups in the United States of America". Adherents.com. http://www.adherents.com/rel_USA.html.  
  47. ^ Deism and Reason
  48. ^ Moritz Lazarus and Heymann Steinthal, Zeitschrift für Völkerpsychologie und Sprachwissenschaft (1859), p. 262.
  49. ^ Charles Hartshorne, Man's Vision of God and the Logic of Theism (1964) p. 348 ISBN 0-208-00498-X.
  50. ^ a b Welcome to PanenDeism.com
  51. ^ Albuquerque Journal, Saturday, November 11, 1995, B-10.
  52. ^ External link to portion of text
  53. ^ Deism Defined, Welcome to Deism, Deist Glossary and Frequently Asked Questions
  54. ^ Alexander Pope "Universal Prayer"

Bibliography

.Today, the most accessible statement of Deism is Thomas Paine's book The Age of Reason (1795).^ Thomas Paine's trial; being an examination of his Age of reason.

^ Deism flourished during the periods of the Renaissance with support from Italian and English scientists such as Galileo and Newton, the Enlightenment from English and French writers such as Hume and Voltaire, the American Revolution with support from Founding Fathers such as Jefferson and Franklin, and in the modern age through scientists such as Einstein, but most consider Thomas Paine's The Age Of Reason as the definitive Deistic writing.

^ Apology for the Bible [microform] : in a series of letters, addressed to Thomas Paine, author of a book entitled, The age of reason, part the second, being an investigation of true and of fabulous theology.

It is short, readable, and witty. It is still in print and is also downloadable in electronic format from various Web sites including the site of the World Union of Deists.
.Elihu Palmer's outstanding book on Deism, The Principles of Nature, can also be found for free at the site of the World Union of Deists.^ Deism is usually associated with belief in a noninterventionist Creator, reliance on what reason can discern in the natural world, and skepticism about miracles, the scriptures as divine revelation, and the divinity of Christ.
  • Christopher Grasso | Deist Monster: On Religious Common Sense in the Wake of the American Revolution | The Journal of American History, 95.1 | The History Cooperative 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Principles of nature, or, Development of the moral causes of happiness and misery among the human species [microform] / by Elihu Palmer.

^ Deists believe that it is nature itself that points to a creator, and that anything we can know of God will be discovered there, not in the pages of a book written by man.

.The most recent book on Deism, Deism: A Revolution in Religion, A Revolution in You is available through major book retailers and also through the site of the World Union of Deists.^ In deism, god is the conclusion reached after seeing the world around you.
  • www.SPINEBUSTER.com • View topic - The Deist's Domain 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ocman.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It seem most of the charity groups are foun ded by a RELIGION or for a RELIGION. Quote: You must have never had a philosophy of science class Ken.
  • Deism? - Page 2 - JREF Forum 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Originally Posted by Seattlepop I want to hear you sing that tune when Islam is the majority religion.
  • Things that liberals and conservatives agree on? - Page 2 - ArcheryTalk Forum: Target & Bowhunting Chat 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.archerytalk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A comprehensive recent study of English deism is:
  • The Radical Rhetoric of the English Deists: The Discourse of Skepticism, 1680-1750 by James A. Herrick (University of South Carolina Press, 1997)
Important discussions of deism can be found in:
.
  • English Deism: Its Roots and Its Fruits by John Orr (1934)
  • European Thought in the Eighteenth Century by Paul Hazard (1946, English translation 1954)
  • A History of English Thought in the Eighteenth Century by Sir Leslie Stephen, 2 volumes (1876, 3rd ed.^ One study argues that deism hardly existed in the eighteenth century; it is merely a historiographical mirage derived from a bogeyman invented by Christian propagandists.
    • Christopher Grasso | Deist Monster: On Religious Common Sense in the Wake of the American Revolution | The Journal of American History, 95.1 | The History Cooperative 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This deism maintained a powerful hold on the casually churched or unchurched English speaking population from some time in the 18th century until now.
    • At the Origins of English Rationalism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.sullivan-county.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Deism stands in the line of 16th Century rationalistic thought that directly rejects a Personal God who relates to us propostionally through the Revealed Scriptures.
    • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    1902)
  • A History of Freethought: Ancient and modern, to the period of the French revolution by John Mackinnon Robertson (1915)
Other studies of deism include:
  • Early Deism in France: From the so-called 'deistes' of Lyon (1564) to Voltaire's 'Lettres philosophiques' (1734) by C. J. Betts (Martinus Nijhoff, 1984)
  • The Seventeenth Century Background: Studies on the Thought of the Age in Relation to Poetry and Religion by Basil Willey (1934)
  • The Eighteenth Century Background: Studies on the Idea of Nature in the Thought of the Period by Basil Willey (1940)
  • Simon Tyssot de Patot and the Seventeenth-Century Background of Critical Deism by David Rice McKee (Johns Hopkins Press, 1941)
  • The Historical Argument for the Resurrection of Jesus During the Deist Controversy by William Lane Craig (Edwin Mellen, 1985)
Anthologies of deist writings include:
  • Deism: An Anthology by Peter Gay (Van Nostrand, 1968)
  • Deism and Natural Religion: A Source Book by E. Graham Waring (Frederick Ungar, 1967)

External links

Informational links

Early history of deism

Works by Thomas Paine


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.Deism is a religious belief alternately expressed as the belief that God can only be discovered by reason and logic (not by revelation or mysticism); or that God created a "clockwork universe" that operates entirely without God's active intervention; or both.^ "Only by using reason can man discover God.

^ Deism is a relious belief that a supreme being created the universe.
  • Questions about Deism - Ask.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ Pandeism combines deism with pantheism , the belief that the universe is identical to God.
  • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

Sourced

.
  • Prior to the 17th century the terms ["deism" and "deist"] were used interchangeably with the terms "theism" and "theist", respectively.^ Sometimes pantheists will use the term “pandeism” to underscore that they share with the deists the idea that God is not a personal God who desires to be worshipped.
    • Chapter Fourteen | God vs. the Bible 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC godvsthebible.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Pandeism - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As I have noted before, the term “deism” as used during the Founding likewise referred to generic monotheism.
    • Positive Liberty » Jefferson on Deism, His Definition May Surprise You: 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC positiveliberty.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Franklin called himself a "deist," but used the word in a sense quite different from the way most Americans think of that term today.
    • Were the Founding Fathers "Deists" and "Infidels?" 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC vftonline.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Were the Founding Fathers "Deists," "Freethinkers," and"Infidels?" -- KEVIN CRAIG for Congress 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC kevincraig.us [Source type: Original source]

    ... .Theologians and philosophers of the seventeenth century began to give a different signification to the words....^ Theologians and philosophers of the seventeenth century began to give a different signification to the words....
    • Deism - Wikiquote 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The individual slowly separated from the collective and began to develop as an antithesis of the collective agrarian society of prior centuries; thus, giving rise to a wave of new philosophical thought that evolved into the popular movement of the Enlightenment.
    • The power of the individual: The American Enlightenment and Romanticism 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC anthologyoi.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Possibly the greatest philosophical question of the 21st century is the resolution of religious faith with the growing realization of the very different nature of the material world.
    • Religion - Salon.com 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Both [theists and deists] asserted belief in one supreme God, the Creator....^ I believe in one God, Creator of the universe.
    • Our Godless Constitution (Page 2) 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Both asserted belief in one supreme God, the maker and settled that the God is individual and distinctive from globe.
    • A Look into Deism | Deism Beliefs | Deism History | Religions 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ringsurf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Both [theists and Deists] asserted belief in one supreme God, the Creator....
    • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

    and agreed that .God is personal and distinct from the world.^ God is personal and distinct from the world.
    • Deism - Wikiquote 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The latter has a special love and care for particular peoples and persons, unlike the deist god, who is impersonal and indifferent to the world he sets in motion.
    • Was Washington Really a Deist? | First Things 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.firstthings.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Two distinctive features: 1- A "mystical experience", is the best way to know God: The "witness of the Spirit" to the individual, with personal assurance of salvation, the "heartwarming experience".
    • Eighteen century history of the church, saints and heresies 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC religi3.securesites.net [Source type: Original source]

    .But the theist taught that god remained actively interested in and operative in the world which he had made, whereas the deist maintained that God endowed the world at creation with self-sustaining and self-acting powers and then abandoned it to the operation of these powers acting as second causes.^ Since you believe that this god is active with its creation, you're not a deist.
    • Questions about Deist - Ask.com 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Do Deists believe that God created the creation and the world and then just stepped back from it?
    • Deism Defined, Welcome to Deism, Deist Glossary and Frequently Asked Questions 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.deism.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ God by these elements of the creation.
    • Providence 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC home.paonline.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • John Orr, English Deism: Its Roots and Its Fruits (1934) p.^ The root of the word "deism" is from the Latin "deus", while the root of the word "theism" comes from the Greek "theos", both meaning "god" in English .
      • Philosophy Scrap by George Hernandez 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.georgehernandez.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Collins was a Deist, a close confident of John Locke and was influenced by one of the major figures in English Deism, John Toland.
      • The pros and cons of biblical criticism - On Line Opinion - 4/12/2009 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.onlineopinion.com.au [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Orr, John (1934).
      • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

      .13.
  • There are many who confess that while they believe like the Turks and the Jews that there is some sort of God and some sort of deity, yet with regard to Jesus Christ and to all that to which the doctrine of the Evangelists and the Apostles testify, they take all that to be fables and dreams....^ The design they detected in nature lead them to believe there is a Designer of nature, which is God.
    • THE DEIST ROOTS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC 911review.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There are many who confess that while they believe like the Turks and the Jews that there is some sort of God and some sort of deity, yet with regard to Jesus Christ and to all that to which the doctrine of the Evangelists and the Apostles testify, they take all that to be fables and dreams ....
    • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He must repent; he must confess his sin to God; he must believe in Jesus Christ with all his heart."
    • evolution@calvin.edu: Re: The Deistic Robot 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.asa3.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I have heard that there are of this band those who call themselves Deists, an entirely new word, which they want to oppose to Atheist.^ But for those who want to call the shots, who want to pretend they are already divine,.
    • Pantheism and Biblical Christianity 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC au.christiantoday.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Well, what were they if not deists or atheists ?
    • Meet the Founding Fathers Blog - Information, Comments, Reviews // BlogCatalog 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.blogcatalog.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I have heard that there are of this band those who call themselves Deists, an entirely new word, which they want to oppose to Atheist.
    • Deism - Wikiquote 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

    .For in that atheist signifies a person who is without God, they want to make it understood that they are not at all without God, since they certainly believe there is some sort of God, whom they even recognize as creator of heaven and earth, as do the Turks; but as for Jesus Christ, they only know that he is and hold nothing concerning him nor his doctrine.^ And without God there is no life.
    • A Reason For Faith? - Catholic Answers Forums 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There are all sorts of religious beliefs.
    • Liberty Magazine | The Tangled Web of Ceremonial Deism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.libertymagazine.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The design they detected in nature lead them to believe there is a Designer of nature, which is God.
    • THE DEIST ROOTS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC 911review.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • I have generally been denominated a Deist, the reality of which I never disputed, being conscious I am no Christian, except mere infant baptism make me one; and as to being a Deist, I know not, strictly speaking, whether I am one or not, for I have never read their writings; mine will therefore determine the matter; for I have not in the least disguised my sentiments, but have written freely without any conscious knowledge of prejudice for, or against any man, sectary or party whatever; but wish that good sense, truth and virtue may be promoted and flourish in the world, to the detection of delusion, superstition, and false religion; and therefore my errors in the succeeding treatise, which may be rationally pointed out, will be readily rescinded.^ Feel free to point it out.
    • God, Religion ... Whatever -- Are Our Churchgoing Youth Falling Away from the Faith? 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But there can be no real Christianity without creed, either written or unwritten.
    • bluebanner.org - Consubstantiation - Deism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC bluebanner.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ No one really knows.
    • Who Is To Say? [Archive] - thebigview.com 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.thebigview.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Ethan Allen, Reason: The Only Oracle Of Man (1784) ~ Preface
  • Let reason count the stars, weigh the mounta1ns, fathom the depths — the employment becomes her, and the success is glorious.^ In Allen's book, Reason: The Only Oracle of Man , he gives a very in-depth look at Deism.
    • THE DEIST ROOTS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC 911review.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Ethan Allen, Reason the Only Oracle of Man (Bennington, 1784 [actually published 1785]).
    • Christopher Grasso | Deist Monster: On Religious Common Sense in the Wake of the American Revolution | The Journal of American History, 95.1 | The History Cooperative 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Allen, Reason the Only Oracle of Man (1784), 472.
    • Christopher Grasso | Deist Monster: On Religious Common Sense in the Wake of the American Revolution | The Journal of American History, 95.1 | The History Cooperative 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

    .But when the question is, "How shall man be just with God?"^ But when the question is, "How shall man be just with God?"
    • Deism - Wikiquote 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ How could a reasonable man think God would first reveal his will through the book?, asked Matthew Tindal .
    • deism@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The question before the human race is, whether the God of nature shall govern the world by his own laws, or whether priests and kings shall rule it by fictitious miracles.” .
    • Inside UAB | Tag Archive | Deist 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC insideuab.com [Source type: Original source]

    reason must be silent, revelation must speak; and he who will not hear it assimilates himself to the first deist, Cain; he may not kill a brother, he certainly destroys himself. .
    • Henry Melvill, reported in Josiah Hotchkiss Gilbert, Dictionary of Burning Words of Brilliant Writers (1895), p.^ Henry Melvill , reported in Josiah Hotchkiss Gilbert, Dictionary of Burning Words of Brilliant Writers (1895), p.
      • Deism - Wikiquote 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Mark Hopkins , reported in Josiah Hotchkiss Gilbert, Dictionary of Burning Words of Brilliant Writers (1895), p.
      • Deism - Wikiquote 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      .488.
  • As to the Christian system of faith, it appears to me as a species of Atheism — a sort of religious denial of God.^ First, atheism denies the existence of God.
    • Deism - Blogs, Pictures, and more on Blogged 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.blogged.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As to the Christian system of faith, it appears to me as a species of atheism; a sort of religious denial of God.
    • The Age Of Reason - Part I - Thomas Paine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.thomaspaine.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As to the Christian system of faith, it appears to me as a species of Atheism — a sort of religious denial of God.
    • Deism - Wikiquote 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .It professes to believe in a man rather than in God.^ It professes to believe in a man rather than in God.
    • The Age Of Reason - Part I - Thomas Paine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.thomaspaine.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ God: a belief in God based on reason rather than revelation, and involving the view that God has set the universe in motion but does not interfere with how it runs.

    ^ Deist are much different from the Puritans they believe that man has a good chance of turning good, man will not move toward corruption because God is waiting for them.

    .It is a compound made up chiefly of Manism with but little Deism, and is as near to Atheism as twilight is to darkness.^ It is a compound made up chiefly of man-ism with but little deism, and is as near to atheism as twilight is to darkness.
    • The Age Of Reason - Part I - Thomas Paine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.thomaspaine.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is a compound made up chiefly of Manism with but little Deism, and is as near to Atheism as twilight is to darkness.
    • Deism - Wikiquote 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He needs to read up on Deism a little more here.

    .It introduces between man and his Maker an opaque body, which it calls a Redeemer, as the moon introduces her opaque self between the earth and the sun, and it produces by this means a religious, or an irreligious, eclipse of light.^ It introduces between man and his Maker an opaque body, which it calls a redeemer, as the moon introduces her opaque self between the earth and the sun, and it produces by this means a religious or an irreligious eclipse of light.
    • The Age Of Reason - Part I - Thomas Paine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.thomaspaine.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Are we the ones who light up the sun, or bring the rain and fill the earth with abundance?

    ^ Earth to Waldman--this is why we have a hearsay rule in law, so that someone who overhears an utterance cannot be called to testify as to its intended meaning.

    .It has put the whole orbit of reason into shade.^ It has put the whole orbit of reason into shade.
    • Deism - Wikiquote 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • The Age Of Reason - Part I - Thomas Paine 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.thomaspaine.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • My parents had early given me religious impressions, and brought me through my childhood piously in the Dissenting way.^ Making my way through the website .
    • Deist Games and writings on Craft 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC deistgames.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Thomas Paine's trial; being an examination of his Age of reason.

    ^ Benjamin Franklin wrote: My parents had early given me religious impressions, and brought me through my childhood piously in the Dissenting way.
    • Theocratic Rule - Church & State - GOOOH Forum Home 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC goooh.com [Source type: General]

    .But I was scarce fifteen, when, after doubting by turns of several points, as I found them disputed in the different books I read, I began to doubt of Revelation itself.^ But I was scarce fifteen, when, after doubting by turns of several points, as I found them disputed in the different books I read, I began to doubt of Revelation itself.
    • Fallacy #1: The Founders Weren't Deists | TPMCafe 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC tpmcafe.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Theocratic Rule - Church & State - GOOOH Forum Home 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC goooh.com [Source type: General]

    ^ But scarcely was I arrived at fifteen years of age, when, after having doubted in turn of different tenets, according as I found them combated in the different books that I read, I began to doubt of Revelation itself.
    • Little-Known U.S. Document Proclaims America's Government is Secular - The Early America Review, Summer 1997 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.earlyamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But scarcely was I arrived at fifteen years of age, when, after having doubted in turn of different tenets, according as I found them combated in the different books that I read, I began to doubt of Revelation itself" (Autobiography, p.
    • Six Historic Americans: Benjamin Franklin 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Some books against Deism fell into my hands; they were said to be the substance of sermons preached at Boyle's Lectures.^ However, Benjamin Franklin wrote in his autobiography, "Some books against Deism fell into my hands; they were said to be the substance of sermons preached at Boyle's lectures.
    • Deism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He referred to the mock sermons he is said to have preached.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Some books against Deism fell into my hands; they were said to be the substance of sermons preached at Boyle's Lectures.
    • Deism - Wikiquote 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Fallacy #1: The Founders Weren't Deists | TPMCafe 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC tpmcafe.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: Original source]

    .It happened that they wrought an effect on me quite contrary to what was intended by them; for the arguments of the Deists, which were quoted to be refuted, appeared to me much stronger than the refutations; in short, I soon became a thorough Deist.^ In a word, I soon became a thorough Deist" (Ibid, p.
    • Six Historic Americans: Benjamin Franklin 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I soon became a thorough Deist.” .
    • Deism : The official site of Colonial Williamsburg 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.history.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It happened that they wrought an effect on my quite contrary to what was intended by them; for the arguments of the Deists, which were quoted to be refuted, appeared to me much stronger than the refutations; in short, I soon became a thorough Deist."
    • Our Founding Fathers Were NOT Christians 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC freethought.mbdojo.com [Source type: Original source]

  • [T]he Rev. R. Taylor, A.M., the Deist, now in gaol, infamously persecuted by the Whigs for his religious opinions, in his learned defense of Deism called the Diegesis, has clearly proved all the heirarchical institutions of the Christians to be a close copy of those of the Essenians of Egypt. .
    • Godfrey Higgins, Anacalypsis (1833) pg.^ Godfrey Higgins , Anacalypsis (1833) pg.
      • Deism - Wikiquote 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Godfrey Higgins , Anacalypsis: An Attempt to Draw Aside the Veil of the Saitic Isis: Or an Inquiry into the Origin of Languages, Nations and Religions (1833), p.439.
      • Pandeism - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      .787
  • Just as AR [absolute perfection in some respects, relative perfection in all others] is the whole positive content of perfection, so CW, or the conception of the Creator-and-the-Whole-of-what-he-has-created as constituting one life, the super-whole which in its everlasting essence is uncreated (and does not necessitate just the parts which the whole has) but in its de facto concreteness is created - this panentheistic doctrine contains all of deism and pandeism except their arbitrary negations.^ Do we need to posit a Creator of all existence?

    ^ It is all just a part of nature!
    • Is Richard Dawkins still evolving? | The Spectator 20 September 2009 11:43 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Otherwise it's an establishment one one (or some) religion over all others.

    .Thus ARCW, or absolute-relative panentheism, is the one doctrine that really states the whole of what all theists, if not all atheists as/well, are implicitly talking about.^ Thus ARCW, or absolute-relative panentheism, is the one doctrine that really states the whole of what all theists, if not all atheists as well, are implicitly talking about.
    • Pandeism - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Are Atheists sufficiently well organized that one can attribute materialism to all of them?
    • IslamiCity Forum - Islamic Discussion Forum: Concept of Creation VS Chance 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.islamicity.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Now AR [absolute perfection in some respects, relative perfection in all others] is equally far from either of these doctrines; thanks to its two-aspect view of God, it is able consistently to embrace all that is positive in either deism or pandeism.
    • Pandeism - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Charles Hartshorne, Man's Vision of God and the Logic of Theism - (1964) p.^ Charles Hartshorne , Man's Vision of God and the Logic of Theism (1964) p.
      • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

      .348 ISBN: 020800498X
  • Pantheism is sexed-up atheism.^ Pantheism is sexed-up atheism.
    • Esthetic Life, Myths & Death: The First Chapter of: The God Delusion 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC fall-die.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Pantheism is sexed up atheism.
    • onegoodmove: Confusion 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC onegoodmove.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Deism is watered-down theism.^ Deism is watered down theism.
    • onegoodmove: Confusion 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC onegoodmove.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Deism is watered-down theism.
    • Esthetic Life, Myths & Death: The First Chapter of: The God Delusion 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC fall-die.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Richard Dawkins, The God Delusion (2006), "A deeply religious non-believer", p.^ The following are the religious views Lincoln is said to have held as presented by those who affirm that he was a Christian: He believed in the existence of a God, and accepted the Christian conception of this Being.
      • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ If I can make a recommendation to you, please do a Google for 'lennox dawkins god delusion debate'.
      • This blasphemy law would have Father Ted spinning in his grave - Sharon Owens, Columnists - Belfasttelegraph.co.uk 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

      ^ He expresses no concern about converting such a "religious moderate" who simply believes in God to orthodox Christianity.
      • American Revolution Blog: Will the Real Deist/Christian Please Stand Up: James Madison 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC americanrevolutionblog.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

      .40.
  • Who ever heard of a devout deist?^ I have heard that there are of this band those who call themselves Deists, an entirely new word, which they want to oppose to Atheist.
    • Deism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I have heard that there are of this band those who call themselves Deists, and entirely new word, which they want to oppose to Atheist.
    • Rise and Fall of English Deism 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ontruth.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Who ever heard of one who was willing to spend his life in missionary labor for the good of others?^ God is wholly other and separate from us (his transcendence) and yet he chose to become one with us in the incarnation, and he dwells with those who seek to follow him (his immanence).
    • Pantheism and Biblical Christianity 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC au.christiantoday.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Those who choose God are encouraged to do good works 9 to help other people make the same choice.
    • Why Deism Fails as a Philosophical Paradigm of the Universe 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.godandscience.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In other words, one who believes that he isn't entitled to use the excuse "It was God's will" every time something untoward happens to him.
    • The Founding Fathers and Deism 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .It is not according to the constitution of the mind that such a system should awaken the affections.^ I have suffered [the Constitution] to be established and should be maintained for the rights and protection of all flesh, according to just and holy principles.

    .And what is true of this system is true of every false system.^ Therefore, we should think of miracles as proof that a religious system is false rather than true.

    .All such systems leave the heart cold, and, accordingly, exert very little genuine,transforming power over the life.^ An individual may choose to be an atheist based on a great deal of critical thought, very little thought, or no thought at all!
    • CSI | The Deist Skeptic— Not a Contradiction 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC csicop.org [Source type: Original source]
    • The Deist Skeptic – Not A Contradiction 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC podblack.com [Source type: Original source]
    • The Deist Skeptic — Not A Contradiction » Comment Page 1 | Young Australian Skeptics 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.youngausskeptics.com [Source type: Original source]
    • The Deist Skeptic — Not A Contradiction » Comment Page 2 | Young Australian Skeptics 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.youngausskeptics.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Wes holds such a special place in my heart and my life.
    • http://www.woodfuneralhome.com/obits/archives/DeistWes.html 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.woodfuneralhome.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Of course defenders of the Church thought primarily in terms of orthodoxy and heterodoxy, but one finds very little reference to such categories in The Enlightenment and Religion .
    • Review: The Enlighenment and Religion. The Myths of Modernity 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.history.ac.uk [Source type: Original source]

    • Mark Hopkins, reported in Josiah Hotchkiss Gilbert, Dictionary of Burning Words of Brilliant Writers (1895), p. 504.

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also deism

Contents

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /deɪ'ĭz'əm/

Noun

Singular
Deism
Deism (uncountable)
  1. The religious philosophy and movement that became prominent in England, France, and the United States in the 17th and 18th centuries that rejects supernatural events (prophecy, miracles) and divine revelation prominent in organized religion, along with holy books and revealed religions that assert the existence of such things.
  2. Alternative spelling of deism.

Usage notes

.Reference to the 17th and 18th century movement is more frequently capitalized, while reference to the general philosophy or belief is more frequently not capitalized.^ Deism originated in 17th century Europe , gaining popularity in the 18th century Enlightenment especially in France , England , and America as a modernist movement inspired by the success of the scientific method .
  • Deism - Slider 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC enc.slider.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That notion comes more from Spinoza than it does from the various 18th century deists like Voltaire or Paine.
  • Supposedly Deistic nature of the Declaration of Independence 12 September 2009 7:34 UTC lists.ucla.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Deism was very influential in the 17th and 18th centuries, colouring the views of many people in what is now called the Enlightenment .
  • deism@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

Translations

Quotations

Anagrams


Simple English

Simple English Wiktionary has the word meaning for:
File:Thomas
Thomas Paine was a famous deist who wrote The Age of Reason

Deism is the name of the belief that while a higher being (like the Christian God) exists, people should rely on logic and reason and not traditions of their religion. People who follow Deism are called Deists.

Deists believe that a higher power created the world. They do not believe that the creation of the universe happened because of a spontaneous event. They usually reject supernatural events like miracles and believe that God has setup natural laws and does not interfere with them. Most deists also see holy books, such as the Bible and Qur'an, as writings made by people rather than the writings of God.

Famous Deists from history include the third Presidents of the United States, Thomas Jefferson,[1], American political leader and scientist Benjamin Franklin, famed French conqueror Napoleon Bonaparte, the French writer and philosopher Voltaire,[1] British philosopher Thomas Paine, and actor Marlon Brando.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Gay, Peter; Time-Life Books (1966). "A Religion of Rationality". Age of Enlightenment. Time. pp. 36. 

Other websites


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 11, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Deism, which are similar to those in the above article.








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