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City of Delano
—  City  —

Seal
Location of Delano, California
Coordinates: 35°46′08″N 119°14′49″W / 35.76889°N 119.24694°W / 35.76889; -119.24694Coordinates: 35°46′08″N 119°14′49″W / 35.76889°N 119.24694°W / 35.76889; -119.24694
Country United States
State California
County Kern
Founded 1873
Incorporated 13 April 1913
Government
 - Mayor Sam Ramirez
 - Mayor Pro Tem Liz Morris
 - Councilmembers Ricardo G. Chavez, Ruben Hill, Grace Vallejo
 - State Leg. Sen. Dean Florez (D)
Asm. Danny Gilmore (R)
 - U. S. Congress Jim Costa (D)
Area
 - Total 10.2 sq mi (26.3 km2)
 - Land 10.1 sq mi (26.2 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.1 km2)  0.49%
Elevation [1] 315 ft (96 m)
Population (2006)
 - Total 49,359
 - Density 3,842.1/sq mi (1,484.2/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 93215, 93216
Area code(s) 661
FIPS code 06-18394
GNIS feature ID 1652697
Website City Of Delano

Delano (pronounced deh-LAY-noh) is a small city in Kern County, California, United States. Delano is located 31 miles (50 km) north-northwest of Bakersfield[2] at an elevation of 315 feet (96 m).[1] The population was 38,824 at the 2000 census. As of 2009, Delano's population is estimated to be 53,972.[3] It is Kern County's second largest city after Bakersfield.[3]

Agriculture is Delano's major industry. The area is particularly well known as a center for the growing of table grapes.[4] Delano is also home to two California state prisons, North Kern State Prison and Kern Valley State Prison. The Voice of America once operated its largest, most powerful shortwave broadcast facility outside Delano at 35°45′15″N 119°17′7″W / 35.75417°N 119.28528°W / 35.75417; -119.28528. However, the Voice of America ceased broadcasts in October 2007, citing a changing political mission, reduced budgets, and changes in technology.[5]

Delano's two school districts currently operate eight elementary schools, three middle schools, three comprehensive high schools and two alternative high schools. The city has its own police department and contracts with the Kern County Fire Department for fire and paramedic services. Delano maintains a "sister city" relationship with the town of Arida, Wakayama, Japan

Contents

History

Delano was founded on July 14, 1873 as a railroad town. The name was officially given by the Southern Pacific Railroad in honor of Columbus Delano, at the time the Secretary of the Interior for the United States. The first post office opened in 1874.[2] Delano incorporated in 1915.[2]

César Chávez at a United Farmworkers rally in Delano, 1974

Delano was a major hub of farmworker organization efforts and Chicano movement politics. On September 8, 1965, Larry Itliong and other Filipino leaders led the predominantly Filipino Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC) in a "walk off" from table grape farms, now known as the Delano grape strike. The strikers' goal was to improve farmworkers' wages and working conditions. The National Farm Workers' Association (NFWA), a largely Hispanic union led by Cesar Chavez, joined with strike within a week. During the strike, the two groups joined forces and formed the United Farm Workers of America (UFW). By 1970, the UFW won a contract with major grape growers across California. Delano is also known as "Crow Town" because of the many crows that roam there.

Geography

Delano is located at 35°46′08″N 119°14′49″W / 35.76889°N 119.24694°W / 35.76889; -119.24694.[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.2 square miles (26.3 km²); 10.1 square miles (26.2 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.49%) is water.

Climate

Delano, California
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.3
 
57
37
 
 
1.4
 
65
40
 
 
1.6
 
70
43
 
 
0.6
 
78
47
 
 
0.2
 
87
53
 
 
0.1
 
94
59
 
 
0
 
99
63
 
 
0
 
98
62
 
 
0.2
 
92
58
 
 
0.3
 
82
49
 
 
0.6
 
67
40
 
 
0.9
 
57
34
average max. and min. temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: Weather.com / NWS

Delano's climate is characteristic of the San Joaquin Valley. The weather is hot and dry during the summer and cool and damp in winter, when frequent ground fog known regionally as "tule fog" can obscure vision. Record temperatures range between 115°F (2006) and 14°F (1990). Delano is located within a semidesert climatic zone, receiving 5.72 inches of rainfall annually.[6]

Demographics

The Voice of America: Delano Transmitting Station, which used a large curtain array, was closed in October 2007.

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 38,824 people, 8,409 households, and 7,248 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,484.2/km² (3,842.1/mi²). There were 8,830 housing units at an average density of 337.6/km² (873.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 26.16% White, 5.45% Black or African American, 0.91% Native American, 15.88% Asian (primarily Filipino), 0.06% Pacific Islander, 47.07% from other races, and 4.47% from two or more races. 68.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,409 households out of which 56.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.3% were married couples living together, 18.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.8% were non-families. 10.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.02 and the average family size was 4.27.

In the city the population was spread out with 32.5% under the age of 18, 12.4% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 14.9% from 45 to 64, and 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 129.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 143.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,143, and the median income for a family was $29,026. Males had a median income of $38,511 versus $21,509 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,068. About 25.7% of families and 28.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.3% of those under age 18 and 20.7% of those age 65 or over.

Notable locations

  • Civic Center Hall
  • Charlotte Chichester Auditorium
  • Delano Public Golf Course
  • Delano Branch Kern County Library
  • Delano Chamber of Commerce
  • Delano Community Center
  • Delano Joint Union High School District Office
  • Delano Union Elementary School District Office
  • Fire Station Number 1
  • Fire Station Number 2
  • Heritage Park Museum
  • Kern County Building

Shopping centers

  • Cecil Plaza Shopping Center
  • Delano Village Shopping Center
  • Randolph Village Shopping Center

Churches

  • Bethel Chapel Filipino Assembly of God Church
  • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (LDS or Mormon)
  • Episcopal Church of the Redeemer
  • Delano First Assembly of God
  • Filipino Assembly of God Church
  • Church of Christ
  • First Church of Christ Scientist
  • First United Methodist Church
  • Immanuel Baptist Church
  • Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses
  • Our Lady of Guadalupe Catholic Church
  • Spanish Assembly of God Church
  • St. Mary's Catholic Church
  • Temple Bautista Belen
  • World Harvest International Church

Parks

  • Albany Park
  • Cesar Chavez Park
  • Cecil Park
  • Frederick Field
  • Filipino Community Recreation Center
  • Heritage Park
  • Jefferson Park
  • Memorial Park
  • Memorial Stadium
  • Morningside Park
  • Valle Vista Park

Famous people born in Delano

References

  1. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Delano, California
  2. ^ a b c Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. p. 1025. ISBN 9781884995149.  
  3. ^ a b "E-1 Population Estimates for Cities, Counties, and the State with Annual Percent Change — January 1, 2008 and 2009". Calfiornia State Department of Finance. 2009-01-01. http://www.dof.ca.gov/research/demographic/reports/estimates/e-1/2008-09/. Retrieved 2009-07-12.  
  4. ^ "Profile". Delano Chamber of Commerce. http://www.chamberofdelano.com/home/our-profile.html. Retrieved 2009-07-12.  
  5. ^ "Broadcasting Board of Governors Strategic Spectrum Plan". Broadcasting Board of Governors. 2007-11-30. pp. 9. http://www.docstoc.com/docs/7142987/Board-of-Broadcasting-Governors. Retrieved 2009-07-12.  
  6. ^ "Delano, CA - Official Website - Climate". City of Delano. http://www.cityofdelano.org/index.aspx?NID=59. Retrieved 2009-07-12.  
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
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