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State of Delaware
Flag of Delaware State seal of Delaware
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): The First State; The Small Wonder;
Blue Hen State; The Diamond State
Motto(s): Liberty and Independence
before statehood, known as
the Delaware Colony
Map of the United States with Delaware highlighted
Demonym Delawarean
Capital Dover
Largest city Wilmington
Area  Ranked 49th in the US
 - Total 2,490 sq mi
(6,452 km2)
 - Width 30 miles (48 km)
 - Length 96 miles (154 km)
 - % water 21.5
 - Latitude 38° 27′ N to 39° 50′ N
 - Longitude 75° 3′ W to 75° 47′ W
Population  Ranked 45th in the US
 - Total 885,122 (2009 est.)[1]
783,600 (2000)
 - Density 442.6/sq mi  (170.87/km2)
Ranked 6th in the US
 - Median income  $50,152 (12th)
Elevation  
 - Highest point near Ebright Azimuth[2]
447.85[2] ft  (136.5 m)
 - Mean 59 ft  (18 m)
 - Lowest point Atlantic Ocean[3]
0 ft  (0 m)
Admission to Union  December 7, 1787 (1st)
Governor Jack A. Markell (D)
Lieutenant Governor Matthew P. Denn (D)
U.S. Senators Thomas R. Carper (D)
Edward Kaufman (D)
U.S. House delegation Michael Castle (R) (list)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Abbreviations DE Del. US-DE
Website http://delaware.gov
Delaware State Symbols
Flag of Delaware.svg
The Flag of Delaware.

Animate insignia
Bird(s) Blue Hen Chicken
Butterfly Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
Fish Weakfish
Flower(s) Peach blossom
Insect Ladybug
Tree American Holly

Inanimate insignia
Beverage Milk
Colors Colonial Blue, Buff
Fossil Belemnite
Mineral Sillimanite
Slogan(s) It's Good Being First
Soil Greenwich
Song(s) Our Delaware

Route marker(s)
Delaware Route Marker

State Quarter
Quarter of Delaware
Released in 1999

Lists of United States state insignia
Delaware (Listeni /ˈdɛləwɛər/ DEL-ə-wair)[4] is a U.S. state located on the Atlantic Coast in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States.[5] The state takes its name from Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, a British nobleman and Virginia's first colonial governor, after whom (what is now called) Cape Henlopen was originally named.[6]
Delaware is located in the northeastern portion of the Delmarva Peninsula and is the second smallest state in area (after Rhode Island). Estimates in 2007 rank the population of Delaware as 45th in the nation, but 6th in population density, with more than 60% of the population in New Castle County.[7] Delaware is divided into three counties. From north to south, these three counties are New Castle, Kent, and Sussex. .While the southern two counties have historically been predominantly agricultural, the New Castle County has been more industrialized.^ New Castle County .

The state ranks second in civilian scientists and engineers as a percentage of the workforce and number of patents issued to companies or individuals per 1,000 workers.[8] The history of the state's economic and industrial development is closely tied to the impact of the Du Pont family, founders and scions of E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, one of the world’s largest chemical companies.[9]
Before its coastline was first explored by Europeans in the 16th century, Delaware was inhabited by several groups of Native Americans, including the Lenape in the north and Nanticoke in the south. It was initially colonized by Dutch traders at Zwaanendael, located near the present town of Lewes, in 1631.[10] Delaware was one of the thirteen colonies participating in the American Revolution and on December 7, 1787, became the first state to ratify the Constitution of the United States, therefore becoming known as The First State.

Contents

Geography

Map of Delaware
The Twelve-Mile Circle
Diagram of the Twelve-Mile Circle, the Mason-Dixon Line and "The Wedge." All blue and white areas are inside Delaware.
Delaware is 96 miles (154 km) long and ranges from 9 miles (14 km) to 35 miles (56 km) across, totaling 1,954 square miles (5,060 km2), making it the second-smallest state in the United States after Rhode Island. Delaware is bounded to the north by Pennsylvania; to the east by the Delaware River, Delaware Bay, New Jersey and the Atlantic Ocean; and to the west and south by Maryland. Small portions of Delaware are also situated on the eastern side of the Delaware River sharing land boundaries with New Jersey. The state of Delaware, together with the Eastern Shore counties of Maryland and two counties of Virginia, form the Delmarva Peninsula, which stretches down the Mid-Atlantic Coast.
The definition of the northern boundary of the state is highly unusual. Most of the boundary between Delaware and Pennsylvania was originally defined by an arc extending 12 miles (19.3 km) from the cupola of the courthouse in New Castle. This boundary is often referred to as the Twelve-Mile Circle.[11] This is the only nominally circular state boundary in the United States. This border extends all the way east to the low-tide mark on the New Jersey shore, then continues south along the shoreline until it again reaches the twelve-mile arc in the south; then the boundary continues in a more conventional way in the middle of the main channel (thalweg) of the Delaware River. To the west, a portion of the arc extends past the easternmost edge of Maryland. The remaining western border runs slightly east of due south from its intersection with the arc. The Wedge of land between the northwest part of the arc and the Maryland border was claimed by both Delaware and Pennsylvania until 1921, when Delaware's claim was confirmed.
Delaware is subdivided into three counties; from north to south they are New Castle, Kent County and Sussex.
Main articles: Twelve-Mile Circle, The Wedge, Mason-Dixon line, Transpeninsular Line

Topography

Delaware is on a level plain, with the lowest mean elevation of any state in the nation. Its highest elevation, located at Ebright Azimuth, near Concord High School, does not rise fully 450 feet (140 m) above sea level. The northernmost part of the state is part of the Appalachian Piedmont with hills and rolling surfaces. The fall line approximately follows the Robert Kirkwood Highway between Newark and Wilmington; south of this road is the Atlantic Coastal Plain with flat, sandy, and, in some parts, swampy ground. A ridge about 75 to 80 feet (23 to 24 m) in elevation extends along the western boundary of the state and separates between the watersheds that feed Delaware River and Bay to the east and the Chesapeake Bay to the west.

Climate

Since almost all of Delaware is a part of the Atlantic Coastal Plain, the effects of the ocean moderate its climate. The state is somewhat of a transitional zone between a humid subtropical climate and a continental climate. Despite its small size (roughly 100 miles (160 km) from its northernmost to southernmost points), there is significant variation in mean temperature and amount of snowfall between Sussex County and New Castle County. The southern portion of the state has a somewhat milder climate and a longer growing season than the northern portion of the state. The transitional climate of Delaware supports a wide variety of vegetation. At Trap Pond State Park in Sussex County, bald cypress grow in what is thought to be the northernmost stand of such trees. .The vegetation in New Castle County, on the other hand, is more typical of that of the northeastern United States.^ Local Rules and Other Documents All Indiana counties are required to have local court rules, some of which must be approved by the Indiana Supreme Court (See Indiana Trial Rule 81 for more information).
  • Delaware County Courts - Indiana 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.in.gov [Source type: General]

^ The New Castle County Courthouse is located in Wilmington, where the court is housed in a modern recently built courthouse.
  • First State Judiciary - Superior Court of Delaware--Official Web Site 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC courts.state.de.us [Source type: News]

^ In microfilm, the Historical Society library has First Papers 1832-1906 and Final Papers 1798-1906 for New Castle County (Microfilm Del.-6).
  • Historical Society of Delaware - Delaware Genealogy 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.hsd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

All of Delaware has relatively hot, humid summers. .While Sussex and Kent Counties are considered to fall in the humid subtropical climate zone, there is some debate about whether northern New Castle County falls in the humid subtropical climate zone or warm continental climate.^ County Ordinances Kent County <2> New Castle County <3> Sussex County <2> Click on the button keyed to the name of the county.
  • Delaware -- Sources [ ALSO! -- U.S. Law ] 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.lawsource.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Delaware Weather: The state of Delaware transitions from a humid subtropical climate to a continental climate, with its climate being moderated by the effects of the ocean.
  • Delaware Private Golf Course Gated Communities and Luxury Homes at PrivateCommunities.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.privatecommunities.com [Source type: General]

^ The New Castle County Courthouse is located in Wilmington, where the court is housed in a modern recently built courthouse.
  • First State Judiciary - Superior Court of Delaware--Official Web Site 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC courts.state.de.us [Source type: News]

[citation needed]

History

Native Americans

Before Delaware was settled by European colonists, the area was home to the Eastern Algonquian tribes known as the Unami Lenape or Delaware throughout the Delaware valley, and the Nanticoke along the rivers leading into the Chesapeake Bay. The Unami Lenape in the Delaware Valley were closely related to Munsee Lenape tribes along the Hudson River. They had a settled hunting and agricultural society, and they rapidly became middlemen in an increasingly frantic fur trade with their ancient enemy, the Minqua or Susquehannock. With the loss of their lands on the Delaware River and the destruction of the Minqua by the Iroquois of the Five Nations in the 1670s, the remnants of the Lenape left the region and moved over the Alleghany Mountains by the mid-18th century.

Colonial Delaware

The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle in present-day Delaware by establishing a trading post at Zwaanendael, near the site of Lewes in 1631. Within a year all the settlers were killed in a dispute with area Indian tribes. In 1638 New Sweden, a Swedish trading post and colony, was established at Fort Christina (now in Wilmington) by Peter Minuit at the head of a group of Swedes, Finns and Dutch. Thirteen years later, the Dutch, reinvigorated by the leadership of Peter Stuyvesant, established a new fort in 1651 at present-day New Castle, and in 1655 they took over the New Sweden colony, incorporating it into the Dutch New Netherland.[citation needed]
Only nine years later, in 1664, the Dutch were themselves forcibly removed by a British expedition under the direction of James, the Duke of York. Fighting off a prior claim by Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, Proprietor of Maryland, the Duke passed his somewhat dubious ownership on to William Penn in 1682. Penn strongly desired access to the sea for his Pennsylvania province and leased what then came to be known as the "Lower Counties on the Delaware" from the Duke.[citation needed]
Penn established representative government and briefly combined his two possessions under one General Assembly in 1682. However, by 1704 the Province of Pennsylvania had grown so large that their representatives wanted to make decisions without the assent of the Lower Counties and the two groups of representatives began meeting on their own, one at Philadelphia, and the other at New Castle. Penn and his heirs remained proprietors of both and always appointed the same person Governor for their Province of Pennsylvania and their territory of the Lower Counties. The fact that Delaware and Pennsylvania shared the same governor was not unique. During much of the colonial period, New York and New Jersey shared a governor, as did Massachusetts and New Hampshire.[citation needed]
Dependent in early years on indentured labor, Delaware imported more slaves as the number of English immigrants decreased with better economic conditions in England. The colony became a slave society and cultivated tobacco as a cash crop. Before the Revolution, it had begun to shift to mixed agriculture.[citation needed]

American Revolution

Like the other middle colonies, the Lower Counties on the Delaware initially showed little enthusiasm for a break with Britain. .The citizenry had a good relationship with the Proprietary government, and generally were allowed more independence of action in their Colonial Assembly than in other colonies.^ The Council on Foundations is a membership organization of more than 2,000 grantmaking foundations and giving programsworldwide.We provide leadership expertise, legal services and networking opportunities-among other services to our membersand to the general public.
  • Delaware Division of the Arts - Resources for Organizations 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.artsdel.org [Source type: News]

^ Where you live: Urban areas have more claims than rural areas and some areas have more frequent accidents than others.
  • Karen Weldin Stewart, CIR-ML, Delaware's Insurance Commissioner 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.delawareinsurance.gov [Source type: General]

^ In instances where more than l4 days will be necessary to complete the age-appropriate immunization schedule, an extension may be allowed in order to obtain the required immunizations.
  • Delaware State Vaccine Requirements - National Vaccine Information Center 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.nvic.org [Source type: Original source]

Merchants at the port of Wilmington had trading ties with the British. Nevertheless, there was strong objection to the seemingly arbitrary measures of Parliament, and leaders understood that the territory's existence as a separate entity depended upon its keeping step with its powerful neighbors, especially Pennsylvania.[citation needed]
So it was that New Castle lawyer Thomas McKean denounced the Stamp Act in the strongest terms, and Kent County native John Dickinson became the "Penman of the Revolution." Anticipating the Declaration of Independence, Patriot leaders Thomas McKean and Caesar Rodney convinced the Colonial Assembly to declare itself separated from British and Pennsylvania rule on June 15, 1776. The person best representing Delaware's majority, George Read, could not bring himself to vote for a Declaration of Independence. Only the dramatic overnight ride of Caesar Rodney gave the delegation the votes needed to cast Delaware's vote for independence. Once the Declaration was adopted, however, Read signed the document.[citation needed]
Initially led by John Haslet, Delaware provided one of the premier regiments in the Continental Army, known as the "Delaware Blues" and nicknamed the "Blue Hen Chickens." In August 1777, General Sir William Howe led a British army through Delaware on his way to a victory at the Battle of Brandywine and capture of the city of Philadelphia. The only real engagement on Delaware soil was the Battle of Cooch's Bridge, fought on September 3, 1777, at Cooch's Bridge in New Castle County. It is believed to be the first time that the Stars and Stripes was flown in battle.[citation needed]
Following the Battle of Brandywine, Wilmington was occupied by the British, and State President John McKinly was taken prisoner. The British remained in control of the Delaware River for much of the rest of the war, disrupting commerce and providing encouragement to an active Loyalist portion of the population, particularly in Sussex County. Because the British promised slaves of rebels freedom for fighting with them, escaped slaves flocked north to join their lines.[12] Only the repeated military actions of State President Caesar Rodney were able to harass the British.[citation needed]
Following the American Revolution, statesmen from Delaware were among the leading proponents of a strong central United States with equal representation for each state. Once the Connecticut Compromise was reached—creating a U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives—the leaders in Delaware were able to easily secure ratification of the U.S. Constitution on December 7, 1787, making Delaware the first state to do so.[citation needed]

Slavery and race

Many colonial settlers came to Delaware from Maryland and Virginia, which had been experiencing a population boom. The economies of these colonies were chiefly based on tobacco culture and were increasingly dependent on slave labor for its intensive cultivation. Most of the English colonists arrived as indentured servants, hiring themselves out as laborers for a fixed period to pay for their passage. In the early years the line between indentured servants and African slaves or laborers was fluid. Most of the free African-American families in Delaware before the Revolution had migrated from Maryland to find more affordable land. They were descendants chiefly of relationships or marriages between servant women and enslaved, servant or free African or African-American men.[13] As the flow of indentured laborers to the colony decreased with improving economic conditions in England, more slaves were imported for labor.
At the end of the colonial period, the number of enslaved people in Delaware began to decline. Shifts in the agriculture economy from tobacco to mixed farming created less need for slaves' labor. Local Methodists and Quakers encouraged slaveholders to free their slaves following the American Revolution, and many did so in a surge of individual manumissions for idealistic reasons. By 1810 three-quarters of all blacks in Delaware were free. When John Dickinson freed his slaves in 1777, he was Delaware's largest slave owner with 37 slaves. By 1860 the largest slaveholder owned only 16 slaves.[14]
Although attempts to abolish slavery failed by narrow margins in the legislature, in practical terms, the state had mostly ended the practice. By the 1860 census on the verge of the Civil War, 91.7 percent of the black population, or nearly 20,000 people, were free.[15][16]
The first independent black denomination was chartered by freed slave Peter Spencer in 1813 as the "Union Church of Africans."[citation needed] This followed the 1793 establishment of the African Methodist Episcopal Church in Philadelphia, which had ties to the Methodist Episcopal Church until 1816. Spencer built a church in Wilmington for the new denomination.[17] This was renamed the African Union First Colored Methodist Protestant Church and Connection, more commonly known as the A.U.M.P. Church. Begun by Spencer in 1814, the annual gathering of the Big August Quarterly still draws people together in a religious and cultural festival, the oldest such cultural festival in the nation.
At the onset of the Civil War, Delaware was only nominally a slave state, and it remained in the Union. Delaware voted against secession on January 3, 1861. As the governor said, Delaware had been the first state to embrace the Union by ratifying the Constitution and would be the last to leave it. .While most Delaware citizens who fought in the war served in the regiments of the state, some served in companies on the Confederate side in Maryland and Virginia Regiments.^ At the outbreak of the War of 1812 (1812-14), most Delaware, Shawnee and Wyandot remained neutral or supported the Americans.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Prior to the Civil War, Delaware was classed with the Southern, or slave-holding, States.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For the most part, the Lenape in the Delaware Valley had not participated in the Esopus war, not because they had no sympathy for the Munsee, but because they had their hands full helping the Susquehannock in their war with the Iroquois.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

Delaware is notable for being the only slave state from which no Confederate regiments or militia groups were assembled. It did not free its slaves until forced to by the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution in December 1865.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 59,096
1800 64,273 8.8%
1810 72,674 13.1%
1820 72,749 0.1%
1830 76,748 5.5%
1840 78,085 1.7%
1850 91,532 17.2%
1860 112,216 22.6%
1870 125,015 11.4%
1880 146,608 17.3%
1890 168,493 14.9%
1900 184,735 9.6%
1910 202,322 9.5%
1920 223,003 10.2%
1930 238,380 6.9%
1940 266,505 11.8%
1950 318,085 19.4%
1960 446,292 40.3%
1970 548,104 22.8%
1980 594,338 8.4%
1990 666,168 12.1%
2000 783,600 17.6%
Est. 2009 885,122 [1] 13.0%
Delaware Population Density Map
Demographics of Delaware (csv)
By race White Black AIAN* Asian NHPI*
2000 (total population) 77.65% 20.28% 0.79% 2.43% 0.09%
2000 (Hispanic only) 4.10% 0.59% 0.12% 0.04% 0.02%
2005 (total population) 76.01% 21.51% 0.79% 3.01% 0.09%
2005 (Hispanic only) 5.39% 0.58% 0.14% 0.04% 0.02%
Growth 2000–05 (total population) 5.37% 14.20% 7.91% 33.58% 12.73%
Growth 2000–05 (non-Hispanic only) 3.36% 14.46% 4.94% 34.00% 15.17%
Growth 2000–05 (Hispanic only) 41.33% 5.47% 24.81% 8.81% 2.86%
* AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native; NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
The five largest ancestries in Delaware are: African American (19.2%), Irish (16.6%), German (14.3%), English (12.1%), Italian (9.3%). Delaware has the highest proportion of African-American residents of any state north of Maryland, and had the largest percentage of free blacks (17% of the state's total population) prior to the Civil War.
Delaware is the sixth most densely populated state, with a population density of 442.6 people per square mile, 356.4 per square mile more than the national average, and ranking 45th in population. Only the states of Delaware, West Virginia, Vermont, Maine, and Wyoming do not have a single city with a population over 100,000 as of the 2007 census.[7] The center of population of Delaware is located in New Castle County, in the town of Townsend.[18]

Languages

As of 2000, 90.5% of Delaware residents age 5 and older speak only English at home; 4.7% speak Spanish. French is the third most spoken language at 0.7%, followed by Chinese at 0.5% and German at 0.5%.
Legislation had been proposed in both the House and the Senate in Delaware to designate English as the official language.[19][20] Neither bill was passed the legislature.

Religion

The religious affiliations of the people of Delaware are:
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Wilmington and the Episcopal Diocese of Delaware oversee the parishes within their denominations. The A.U.M.P. Church, the oldest African-American denomination in the nation, was founded in Wilmington. It still has a substantial presence in the state. Reflecting new immigrant populations, an Islamic mosque has been built in the Ogletown area, and a Hindu temple in Hockessin.
Delaware's population includes approximately 20,000 Jewish Americans, who are served by the Jewish Community Center in Brandywine (near Wilmington) and by a number of educational, social and cultural agencies supported by the Jewish Federation of Delaware. Synagogues include Congregation Beth Emeth (Reform) in Wilmington, Congregation Beth El (Reconstructionist) in Newark, Congregation Beth Shalom (Conservative) in Wilmington, Congregation Beth Sholom (Conservative) in Dover, and Adas Kodesh Shel Emeth (Traditional) in Wilmington. Seaside Jewish Community in Rehoboth Beach (unaffiliated) There is also a Lubavitcher community center and synagogue in Brandywine Hundred.

Economy

"Picking Peaches in Delaware" from an 1878 issue of Harper's Weekly
The gross state product of Delaware in 2003 was $49 billion. The per capita personal income was $34,199, ranking 9th in the nation. In 2005, the average weekly wage was $937, ranking 7th in the nation.[21]
Delaware's agricultural output consists of poultry, nursery stock, soybeans, dairy products and corn. Its industrial outputs include chemical products, automobiles, processed foods, paper products, and rubber and plastic products. .Delaware's economy generally outperforms the national economy of the United States.^ Delaware, one of the original thirteen of the United States of America .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ State Adoption Contact in Delaware can be a valuable source of information about adoption in general and more specifically about the state's child adoption program.
  • Delaware Child Adoption Agencies, Laws, Types, Assistance Programs and More 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.adoptionservices.org [Source type: General]

^ Although the Osage had ceded the land to the United States in 1808, they continued to use it for hunting and when they encountered Delaware, they regarded them as intruders.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

The state's largest employers are:
The Dover Air Force Base, located next to the state capital of Dover, is one of the largest Air Force bases in the country and is a major employer in Delaware. In addition to its other responsibilities in the USAF Air Mobility Command, this air base serves as the entry point and mortuary for American military personnel, and some U.S. government civilians, who die overseas.
Delaware has six different income tax brackets, ranging from 2.2% to 5.95%. The state does not assess sales tax on consumers. The state does, however, impose a tax on the gross receipts of most businesses. Business and occupational license tax rates range from 0.096% to 1.92%, depending on the category of business activity.
Delaware does not assess a state-level tax on real or personal property. Real estate is subject to county property taxes, school district property taxes, vocational school district taxes, and, if located within an incorporated area, municipal property taxes.
Over 50% of US publicly traded corporations and 60% of the Fortune 500 companies are incorporated in Delaware;[24] the state's attractiveness as a corporate haven is largely because of its business-friendly corporation law. Franchise taxes on Delaware corporations supply about one-fifth of its state revenue.[25] Although Delaware is ranked first tax haven in the world by Tax Justice Network[26], it is not listed on the OECD's 2009 "Black List", despite objections of Luxembourg's and Switzerland's authorities.[27][citation needed]
Title 4, chapter 7 of the Delaware Code stipulates that alcoholic liquor only be sold in specifically licensed establishments, and only between 9:00 AM and 1:00 AM.[28]

Transportation

The current state license plate design was introduced in 1959, making it the longest-running license plate design in United States history.[29]
The transportation system in Delaware is under the governance and supervision of the Delaware Department of Transportation, also known as "DelDOT".[30][31] DelDOT manages programs such as a Delaware Adopt-a-Highway program, major road route snow removal, traffic control infrastructure (signs and signals), toll road management, Delaware Division of Motor Vehicles, the Delaware Transit Corporation (branded as "DART First State", the state government public transportation organization), among others. .Almost ninety percent of the state's public roadway miles are under the direct maintenance of DelDOT which far exceeds the United States national average of twenty percent for state department of transportation maintenance responsibility; the remaining public road miles are under the supervision of individual municipalities.^ The National Endowment for the Arts is the federal grantmaking agency created by Congress in 1965 to foster the excellence, diversity, and vitality of the arts, and to broaden public access to the arts in the United States.
  • Delaware Division of the Arts - Resources for Organizations 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.artsdel.org [Source type: News]

^ Although under the supervision of the Oneida and Cayuga, most of the Munsee were allowed to remain on their original lands, now claimed by the Iroquois.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

Roads

One major branch of the U.S. Interstate Highway System, Interstate 95, crosses Delaware southwest-to-northeast across New Castle County. In addition to I-95, there are six U.S. highways that serve Delaware: U.S. Route 9, U.S. Route 13, U.S. Route 40, U.S. Route 113, U.S. Route 202, and U.S. Route 301. There are also several state highways that cross the state of Delaware; a few of them include Delaware Route 1, Delaware Route 9, and Delaware Route 404. U.S. 13 and DE Rt .1 are primary north-south highways connecting Wilmington and Pennsylvania with Maryland, with DE 1 serving as the main route between Wilmington and the Delaware beaches.^ The 11-mile tollway stretched between Maryland's Northeast Expressway eastward to the Delaware Memorial Bridge freeway (U.S. 40).
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Delaware Reference Numbers: 56 - Maryland state line to Interstate 295 59 - Interstate 295 to Pennsylvania state line .
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Between 1630 and 1635, the Susquehannock attacked Lenape villages in southeast Pennsylvania and drove them across the Delaware River into New Jersey or south into northern Delaware.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

DE Rt. 9 is a north-south highway connecting Dover and Wilmington via a scenic route along the Delaware Bay. .U.S. 40, is a primary east-west route, connecting Maryland with New Jersey.^ Between the Maryland line and the Interstate 295 split, Interstate 95 continues the east-west orientation that it attains east of Baltimore, Maryland.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Raritan retreated west into New Jersey, and Kieft's generous offer netted him only one head.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

DE Rt. 404 is another primary east-west highway connecting the Chesapeake Bay Bridge in Maryland with the Delaware beaches. The state also operates two toll highways, the Delaware Turnpike, which is Interstate 95, between Maryland and New Castle and the Korean War Veterans Memorial Highway, which is DE Rt. 1, between Wilmington and Dover.
A bicycle route, Delaware Bicycle Route 1, spans the north-south length of the state from the Maryland border in Fenwick Island to the Pennsylvania border north of Montchanin. .It is the first of several signed bike routes planned in Delaware.^ Meanwhile, General Thomas Gage had rejected Bradstreet's treaty with the Delaware, Shawnee, and Mingo because it had been signed without first consulting William Johnson.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

[32]
Delaware has around 1,450 bridges, ninety-five percent of which are under the supervision of DelDOT. About thirty percent of all Delaware bridges were built prior to 1950 and about sixty percent of the number are included in the National Bridge Inventory. Some bridges not under DelDOT supervision includes the four bridges on the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal, which are under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and the Delaware Memorial Bridge, which is under the bi-state Delaware River and Bay Authority.

Ferries

There are three ferries that operate in the state of Delaware:

Rail and bus

A Norfolk Southern locomotive in Dover.
Amtrak has two stations in Delaware along the Northeast Corridor; the relatively quiet Newark Rail Station in Newark, and the busier Wilmington Rail Station in Wilmington. The Northeast Corridor is also served by SEPTA's R2 Regional Rail line, which serves Claymont, Wilmington, Churchmans Crossing, and Newark. The major freight railroad in Delaware is the Class 1 Norfolk Southern, which provides service to most of Delaware. It connects with two shortline railroads, the Delaware Coast Line Railway and the Maryland & Delaware Railroad. These two shortlines serve local customers in Sussex County. Another Class 1 railroad, CSX, passes through northern New Castle County parallel to the Amtrak Northeast Corridor.
The public transportation system, DART First State, was named "Most Outstanding Public Transportation System" in 2003 by the American Public Transportation Association. .Coverage of the system is broad within northern New Castle County with close association to major highways in Kent and Sussex Counties.^ New Castle County Council contended that the renumbering would further encourage through traffic to use the eastern bypass of Wilmington.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ FOR DELAWARE: New Castle County: On Dec 14, four SANDHILL CRANES were spotted flying toward Hockessin from the Mount Cuba Center.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ On Jan 3-6, a NORTHERN SHRIKE and NORTHERN GOSHAWK were spotted seen from Janes Lane near its intersection with Kings Highway in the extreme southern corner of the county, near East Greenville.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

The system includes bus, subsidized passenger rail operated by Philadelphia transit agency SEPTA, and subsidized taxi and paratransit modes, the latter consisting of a state-wide door-to-door bus service for the elderly and disabled.

Air

Delaware is the only state in the United States without commercial air service. New Castle Airport near Wilmington has been served by commercial airlines in the past, the last being Skybus Airlines, which provided service to Columbus, Ohio and Greensboro, North Carolina from March 7, 2008[33] until its bankruptcy on April 5, 2008.
Delaware is centrally situated in the Northeast Corridor region of cities along US Interstate 95 I-95. Therefore, Delaware commercial airline passengers most frequently use Philadelphia International Airport (PHL) and Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport (BWI) for domestic and international transit. Residents of Sussex County will also use Wicomico Regional Airport, as it is located less than 10 miles from the Delaware border. Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR) and Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport (DCA) are also within a 100 mile radius of New Castle County.
The large Dover Air Force Base of the USAF Air Mobility Command is located in the central part of the state, and it is the home of the 436th Airlift Wing and the 512th Airlift Wing.
Other general aviation airports in Delaware include Summit Airport near Middletown, Delaware Airpark near Cheswold, and Sussex County Airport near Georgetown.

Law and government

Delaware's fourth and current constitution, adopted in 1897, provides for executive, judicial and legislative branches.

Legislative branch

The Delaware General Assembly consists of a House of Representatives with 41 members and a Senate with 21 members. It sits in Dover, the state capital. Representatives are elected to two-year terms, while senators are elected to four-year terms. The Senate confirms judicial and other nominees appointed by the governor.
Delaware's U.S. Senators are Edward Kaufman (Democrat) and Thomas R. Carper (Democrat). Delaware's single U.S. Representative is Michael N. Castle (Republican).

Judicial branch

The Delaware Constitution establishes a number of courts:
Minor non-constitutional courts include the Justice of the Peace Courts and Aldermen's Courts.
Significantly, Delaware has one of the few remaining Courts of Chancery in the nation, which has jurisdiction over equity cases, the vast majority of which are corporate disputes, many relating to mergers and acquisitions. The Court of Chancery and the Supreme Court have developed a worldwide reputation for rendering concise opinions concerning corporate law which generally (but not always) grant broad discretion to corporate boards of directors and officers. In addition, the Delaware General Corporation Law, which forms the basis of the Courts' opinions, is widely regarded as giving great flexibility to corporations to manage their affairs. For these reasons, Delaware is considered to have the most business-friendly legal system in the United States; therefore a great number of companies are incorporated in Delaware, including 60% of the companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange.[34]
Delaware was the last US state to use judicial corporal punishment, in 1952.[35]

Executive branch

The executive branch is headed by the Governor of Delaware. The present governor is Jack A. Markell (Democrat), who took office January 20, 2009. The lieutenant governor is Matthew P. Denn. The governor presents a "State of the State" speech to a joint session of the Delaware legislature annually.[36]

Counties

Delaware has three counties: Kent County, New Castle County, and Sussex County. .Each county elects its own legislative body (known in New Castle and Sussex counties as County Council, and in Kent County as Levy Court), which deal primarily in zoning and development issues.^ New Castle County Council contended that the renumbering would further encourage through traffic to use the eastern bypass of Wilmington.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ FOR DELAWARE: New Castle County: On Dec 14, four SANDHILL CRANES were spotted flying toward Hockessin from the Mount Cuba Center.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ Specializing in residential listings and sales in New Castle & Kent County De, Cecil...
  • Delaware, Delaware (DE) - Sperling's BestPlaces 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: General]

.Most functions which are handled on a county-by-county basis in other states — such as court and law enforcement — have been centralized in Delaware, leading to a significant concentration of power in the Delaware state government.^ With a new war threatening, the Delaware decided their old villages in east-central Ohio were vulnerable and relocated most of them to northwestern Ohio and southern Indiana.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Other Delaware groups without federal or state recognition include: the Brotherton Indians (Wisconsin) and the Eastern Lenapi Nation (Pennsylvania).
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Minimum wage laws by state Job services in Delaware Libraries .
  • Delaware, Delaware (DE) - Sperling's BestPlaces 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: General]

The counties were historically divided into hundreds, which were used as tax reporting and voting districts until the 1960s, but now serve no administrative role, their only current official legal use being in real-estate title descriptions.[37]

Politics

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic
2008 37.37% 152,356 62.63% 255,394
2004 45.75% 171,660 53.35% 200,152
2000 41.90% 137,288 54.96% 180,068
1996 36.58% 99,062 51.82% 140,955
1992 35.33% 102,313 43.52% 126,054
1988 55.88% 139,639 43.48% 108,647
1984 59.78% 152,190 39.93% 101,656
1980 47.21% 111,252 44.87% 105,754
1976 46.57% 109,831 51.98% 122,596
1972 59.60% 140,357 39.18% 92,283
1968 45.12% 96,714 41.61% 89,194
1964 38.78% 78,078 60.95% 122,704
1960 49.00% 96,373 50.63% 99,590
The Democratic Party holds a plurality of registrations in Delaware. Until the 2000 presidential election, the state tended to be a Presidential bellwether, sending its three electoral votes to the winning candidate for almost 50 years in a row. Bucking that trend, however, in 2000 and again in 2004, Delaware voted for the Democratic candidate. In the 2000 election Delaware voted with the winner of the popular vote, Al Gore, who subsequently lost the Electoral College to George W. Bush. John Kerry won Delaware by eight percentage points with 53.5% of the vote in 2004. In 2008, Democrat Barack Obama defeated Republican John McCain in Delaware 62.63% to 37.37%. Obama's running mate was Joe Biden, who had represented Delaware in the United States Senate since 1973.
Historically, the Republican Party had an immense influence on Delaware politics, due in large part to the wealthy du Pont family. Ralph Nader assembled a working group to investigate ties between Delaware's politicians and industrialists, resulting in a book published in 1968 entitled The Company State. .As DuPont's political influence has declined, so has that of the Delaware Republican Party.^ The Delaware formed a war party and burned the main Pawnee village on the Republican River.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

Democrats have won the past four gubernatorial elections and currently hold seven of the nine statewide elected offices (Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Treasurer, Insurance Commissioner, Attorney General, and two U.S. Senators), while the Republicans hold the remaining two (the state's at-large House seat and the office of Auditor).
The Democratic Party gains most of its votes from developed New Castle County, whereas the less populated Kent and Sussex Counties generally vote Republican.[citation needed]

Municipalities

Wilmington is the state's largest city and its economic hub. It is located within commuting distance of both Philadelphia and Baltimore. All regions of Delaware are enjoying phenomenal growth, with Dover and the beach resorts expanding at a rapid rate.

Counties

Cities

Towns

Towns (cont.)

Villages

Unincorporated places

Top 10 richest places in Delaware

  1. Greenville: $83,223
  2. Henlopen Acres: $82,091
  3. South Bethany: $53,624
  4. Dewey Beach: $51,958
  5. Fenwick Island: $44,415
  6. Bethany Beach: $41,306
  7. Hockessin: $40,516
  8. North Star: $39,677
  9. Rehoboth Beach: $38,494
  10. Ardentown: $35,577

Education

Delaware was the origin of Belton v. Gebhart, one of the four cases which was combined into Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court of the United States decision that led to the end of segregated public schools. .Significantly, Belton was the only case in which the state court found for the plaintiffs, thereby ruling that segregation was unconstitutional.^ However, in a 1904 decision, the federal courts ruled that the government had not conferred ownership on Native Americans, but only the "right of occupancy."
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

Unlike many states, Delaware's educational system is centralized in a state Superintendent of Education, with local school boards retaining control over taxation and some curriculum decisions.
A "three-tiered diploma" system fostered by Governor Ruth Ann Minner, which awarded "basic," "standard," and "distinguished" high-school diplomas based on a student's performance in the Delaware Student Testing Program, was discontinued by the General Assembly after many Delawareans questioned its fairness.[citation needed]

Colleges and universities

Miscellaneous topics

Media

There are no network broadcast-television stations operating solely in Delaware. A local PBS station from Philadelphia (but licensed to Wilmington), WHYY-TV, maintains a studio and broadcasting facility in Wilmington and Dover, while ION Television affiliate WPPX is licensed to Wilmington, but for all intents and purposes, maintains their offices in Philadelphia and their digital transmitter outside of that city and an analog tower in New Jersey. Philadelphia's ABC affiliate, WPVI-TV, maintains a news bureau in downtown Wilmington. The northern part of the state is served by network stations in Philadelphia and the southern part by network stations in Baltimore and Salisbury, Maryland. Salisbury's CBS affiliate, WBOC-TV, maintains bureaus in Dover and Milton.

Tourism

While Delaware has no places designated as national parks, national seashores, national battlefields, national memorials, or national monuments, it does have several museums, wildlife refuges, parks, houses, lighthouses, and other historic places. Delaware is home to the second longest twin span suspension bridge in the world, the Delaware Memorial Bridge.
Rehoboth Beach, together with the towns of Lewes, Dewey Beach, Bethany Beach, South Bethany, and Fenwick Island, comprise Delaware's beach resorts. Rehoboth Beach often bills itself as "The Nation's Summer Capital" because it is a frequent summer vacation destination for Washington, D.C., residents as well as visitors from Maryland, Virginia, and in lesser numbers, Pennsylvania. Vacationers are drawn for many reasons, including the town's charm, artistic appeal, nightlife, and tax free shopping.
Delaware is home to several festivals, fairs, and events. Some of the more notable festivals are the Riverfest held in Seaford, the World Championship Punkin Chunkin held at various locations throughout the county since 1986, the Rehoboth Beach Chocolate Festival, the Bethany Beach Jazz Funeral to mark the end of summer, the Apple Scrapple Festival held in Bridgeville, the Rehoboth Beach Jazz Festival, the Sea Witch Halloween Festival and Parade in Rehoboth Beach, the Rehoboth Beach Independent Film Festival the Nanticoke Indian Pow Wow in Oak Orchard, and the Return Day Parade held after every election in Georgetown.

Festivals

Sports

Club Sport League
Wilmington Blue Rocks Baseball Minor League Baseball
Delaware Griffins Football Women's Professional Football League
Central Delaware SA Future Soccer Women's Premier Soccer League
Delaware Dynasty Soccer USL Premier Development League
Wilmington City Ruff Rollers Roller Derby Women's Flat Track Derby Association
Delaware Destroyers Basketball Eastern Basketball Alliance
In place of in-state professional sports teams, many Delawareans follow either Philadelphia or Baltimore teams, depending on their location within the state, with Philadelphia teams receiving the largest fan following, though before the Baltimore Ravens entered the NFL, the Washington Redskins had a significant fan base in Sussex County and the Baltimore Colts had a significant fan base in northern counties. .In addition, the University of Delaware's football team has a loyal following throughout the state, with Delaware State University's team enjoying popularity on a much lesser scale.^ Unfortunately, much of Delaware's new land had formerly belonged to the Pawnee, and the United States had neglected to inform the Pawnee before relocating the Delaware.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

Delaware is home to Dover International Speedway and Dover Downs. DIS, also known as the Monster Mile, hosts two NASCAR races each year. Dover Downs is a popular harness racing facility. In what may be the only co-located horse and car-racing facility in the nation, the Dover Downs track is located inside the DIS track.
Delaware has been home to professional wrestling outfit CZW, particularly the annual Tournament of Death, and ECWA, particularly the annual Super 8 Tournament.
Delaware is home to the Diamond State Games, an amateur Olympic-style sports festival. The event is open to athletes of all ages and is also open to residents beyond the borders of Delaware. The Diamond State Games were created in 2001 and participation levels average roughly 2500 per year in twelve contested sports.
Delaware is home to Michael Stewart, a boxer who was on the second season of The Contender. He is a former USBA Light Welterweight Champion and a former WBU and IBF contender having notable fights with Sharmba Mitchell and Ricky Hatton. Clearance Taylor is a former WBC USNBC Super Welterweight Champion. Larry Marks once fought Cory Spinks on an undercard at an HBO event.

Delaware Native Americans

Delaware is also the name of a Native American group (called in their own language Lenni Lenape) that was influential in the colonial period of the United States. A band of the Nanticoke tribe of American Indians resides in Sussex County.

Namesakes

  • Several ships have been named USS Delaware in honor of this state.

Notable Delawareans

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/popest/states/tables/NST-EST2009-01.csv. Retrieved 2009-12-30. 
  2. ^ a b Schenck, William S., Highest Point in Delaware, Delaware Geological Survey, http://www.dgs.udel.edu/publications/pubs/factsheets/highestpoint.aspx, retrieved 2008-07-23 
  3. ^ "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S Geological Survey. 29 April 2005. http://erg.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/booklets/elvadist/elvadist.html#Highest. Retrieved November 3, 2006. 
  4. ^ Random House Dictionary
  5. ^ While the U.S. Census Bureau designates Delaware as one of the South Atlantic States, many consider it part of the Mid-Atlantic States or the Northeastern United States. Examples include other U.S. government agencies (such as the Library of Congress, Geological Survey, Environmental Protection Agency, National Park Service, and Department of Energy), and public service organizations (such as Alcoholics Anonymous and Amtrak). Google's categorization scheme includes it in both the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions.
  6. ^ "Delaware". Online Etymology Dictionary. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Delaware. Retrieved 2007-02-24. 
  7. ^ a b http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/voting/011400.html
  8. ^ "The State New Economy Index". The Progressive Policy Institute (PPI). 2002. http://www.neweconomyindex.org/states/2002/delaware.html. 
  9. ^ "Delaware Living History". http://www.delawareliving.com/history.html. 
  10. ^ "State of Delaware (A brief history)". http://portal.delaware.gov/facts/history/delhist.shtml. 
  11. ^ Because of surveying errors, the actual line is actually several compound arcs with centers located at different points in town New Castle
  12. ^ Simon Schama, Rough Crossings: Britain, The Slaves, and the American Revolution, New York, HarperCollins, 2006
  13. ^ Paul Heinegg. Free African Americans in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland and Delaware Accessed 15 Feb 2008
  14. ^ Peter Kolchin, American Slavery: 1619–1877, New York: Hill and Wang, 1994, pp.78, 81-82
  15. ^ Peter Kolchin, American Slavery: 1619–1877, New York: Hill and Wang, 1994, pp.81-82
  16. ^ Historical Census Browser, 1860 Federal Census, University of Virginia Library, accessed 15 Mar 2008
  17. ^ Dalleo, Peter T. (1997-06-27). "The Growth of Delaware's Antebellum Free African Community". University of Delaware. http://www.udel.edu/BlackHistory/antebellum.html. 
  18. ^ "Population and Population Centers by State: 2000" (TXT). United States Census Bureau. 2002-02-20. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/cenpop/statecenters.txt. Retrieved 2007-03-09. 
  19. ^ SB 129, assigned 2007-06-13 to Senate Education Committee.
  20. ^ HB 436, stricken 2006-06-15
  21. ^ Luladey B. Tadesse (2006-08-26). "Del. workers earn 7th-highest salary in U.S.". Delaware News-Journal. Archived from the original on 2006-08-30. http://www.liveinde.com/delawareno7salaries.htm. Retrieved 2006-08-26.  Note: value of $937 per week was for the 4th quarter of 2005.
  22. ^ Eder, Andrew (2008-07-21). "DuPont can't avoid talk of buyout". Delaware News-Journal (Gannett). http://www.delawareonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080721/BUSINESS/807210335. Retrieved 2008-07-23. "Any type of takeover of DuPont -- the state's second-largest private employer, with about 8,900 employees -- would almost certainly mean local job cuts, said John Stapleford, a senior economist...." 
  23. ^ Delaware Division of Corporations
  24. ^ Delaware 2007 Fiscal Notebook - State General Fund Revenues by Category (F.Y. 2002 - F.Y. 2005)
  25. ^ Tax Justice Network (2009-11-01). "Financial Secrecy Index". http://www.financialsecrecyindex.com/2009results.html. 
  26. ^ Felicity Lawrence (2009-04-07). "Blacklisted tax havens agree to implement OECD disclosure rules". guardian.co.uk. http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2009/apr/07/g20-banking. 
  27. ^ "CHAPTER 7. REGULATORY PROVISIONS". Online Delaware Code. Delaware General Assembly. http://www.delcode.state.de.us/title4/c007/. Retrieved 2007-03-09. 
  28. ^ Harlow, Summer (2008-01-20). "Auto tag No. 6 likely to sell for $1 million". The News Journal. http://www.delawareonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080120/NEWS/801200351&template=printart. 
  29. ^ "State of Delaware Department of Transportation". State of Delaware. http://www.deldot.gov/index.shtml. Retrieved 30 June 2006. 
  30. ^ Staff (Delaware Department of Transportation Public Relations) (2005). Delaware Transportation Facts 2005. DelDOT Division of Planning. http://www.deldot.gov/information/pubs_forms/fact_book/pdf/2005/2005_deldot_fact_book.pdf. 
  31. ^ Delaware Bicycle Facility Master Plan
  32. ^ Matzer Rose, Marla (9 January 2008). "Skybus adds two cities to schedule". http://www.dispatch.com/live/content/business/stories/2008/01/09/skybus_routeannounce.ART_ART_01-09-08_C10_DP90M2P.html?sid=101. Retrieved 2008-01-09. 
  33. ^ "Division of Corporations - About Agency". Delaware Division of Corporations. Archived from the original on 2007-02-28. http://web.archive.org/web/20070228002805/http://www.state.de.us/corp/aboutagency.shtml. Retrieved 2007-03-09.  Note: replacement current URL (2008-07-23) is http://www.corp.delaware.gov/aboutagency.shtml .
  34. ^ Red Hannah: Delaware's Whipping Post.
  35. ^ Staff (2010). "Home". website for Delaware House of Representatives Minority Caucus. Delaware House of Representatives Minority Caucus. Archived from the original on 2001-01-24. http://www.webcitation.org/5n1UxlPVx. Retrieved 2001-01-24. 
  36. ^ The Hundreds of Delaware: 1700–1800, Delaware Department of State:Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs website

External links


First List of U.S. states by date of statehood
Ratified Constitution on December 7, 1787 (1st)
Succeeded by
Pennsylvania

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

For other places with the same name, see Delaware (disambiguation).
Delaware, while not the smallest of the United States of America, was the first state to ratify the US Constitution. .Delaware is bordered by the states of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey.^ For more information, call 215-234-6805 or visit them on the web at http://www.paulagics.com The Delaware Valley Rare Bird Alert is a weekly report on birding in the Delaware Valley Region including Pennsylvania, Delaware and New Jersey.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ One new species, Roseate Spoonbill, was added to the Delaware State Bird List bringing the total to 403 species.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ More details are available on the DVOC website: http://www.dvoc.org The Delaware Valley Rare Bird Alert is a weekly report on birding in the Delaware Valley Region including Pennsylvania, Delaware and New Jersey.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

Delaware Regions
Delaware Regions

Understand

.Despite being only a hundred miles long and less than fifty miles across at its widest point, Delaware is a surprisingly complex and diverse state.^ Then, would you believe, with the only occupants of my yard for hours being squirrels, suddenly there was one less.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

.The C&D Canal, which bisects the state two-thirds of the way up, serves as a sort of internal Mason-Dixon Line, separating the more urban and industrialized northern portion of Delaware from the more rural "slower, lower" southern part.^ But in winter, as many as 8 species have been recorded in the state, with 3 more northern species found nearby.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

Climate

You might be from Delaware if you once thought that you might have a White Christmas... and then it rained.
The weather in Delaware varies greatly from season to season. Summers are almost always hot, very humid, and unpleasant. The air quality is accordingly poor, but no more so than surrounding counties. Winters, although it rarely snows heavily, can get bitterly cold. Spring and fall are generally the nicest seasons, although snow storms can arrive in April, and heat waves can hit in late November. Delaware weather is unpredictable, the only real way to prepare would be to carry an umbrella and pray for sunshine.

Talk

Due to its location as a border state lying between the North and South, people from Delaware have American English accents which vary accordingly based upon location and environment. Southern accents begin to be encountered below the C&D Canal, and increase in volume the further south you go.

Get in

By Plane

.Commercial airline service into the state of Delaware is limited, but areas of the state are reasonably close to major international airports in either Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland, or the District of Columbia.^ For more information, call 215-234-6805 or visit them on the web at http://www.paulagics.com The Delaware Valley Rare Bird Alert is a weekly report on birding in the Delaware Valley Region including Pennsylvania, Delaware and New Jersey.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ One new species, Roseate Spoonbill, was added to the Delaware State Bird List bringing the total to 403 species.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ More details are available on the DVOC website: http://www.dvoc.org The Delaware Valley Rare Bird Alert is a weekly report on birding in the Delaware Valley Region including Pennsylvania, Delaware and New Jersey.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

  • Philadelphia International Airport (PHL) is 20 miles or about a half hour to the northeast of downtown Wilmington and serves as the main commercial aviation gateway for most visitors to Delaware.
  • Baltimore-Washington International (BWI), is less than 90 minutes away, and has many national and international flights.
  • Salisbury-Ocean City Wicomico Regional Airport (SBY) serves many visitors to southern Delaware's beaches and is located about an hour south and west of Rehoboth Beach, DE.

By Train

The Amtrak station in Wilmington is a major stop on the system's Northeast Corridor, with frequent high-speed connections throughout the day to NYC, Boston, and D.C. The station is located on Front Street between French and Walnut Streets in downtown Wilmington. It has one inside level which has stores, a cafe, Amtrak and SEPTA ticket offices, a car rental office, and a post office; passengers board their trains on the second story train platforms. It is served by Amtrak trains along the Northeast Corridor going south to Baltimore and Washington, D.C., and going north to Philadelphia and New York. It is also served by SEPTA's R2 Regional Rail Line with service to Philadelphia and Newark, Delaware. Like all stations in Delaware, SEPTA service is provided under contract and funded through DART First State, which also provides extensive local bus service.

By Bus

Greyhound has a limited number of bus terminals throughout the state.

Get around

Cars are the main mode of transportation, except in the city of Wilmington, where ample mass transit is available. DART First State is the primary public transportation system that operates throughout Delaware. Although most of its routes run in and around Wilmington and Newark in New Castle County, DART also serves Dover (in Kent County), and Georgetown in Sussex County, and has one route running into New Jersey, which connects with New Jersey Transit buses, and one route into Elkton with connection to the dial-a-ride service of Cecil County.
DART provides connecting service with the R2 Newark line of SEPTA Regional Rail, which travels between Philadelphia and Wilmington, with a few trains continuing on to Newark. The Delaware Department of Transportation subsidizes Regional Rail operations into Delaware.

Do

Delaware has beautiful beaches. The more popular ones are:
  • Rehoboth Beach (known for being gay friendly)
  • Lewes (known for its historic district)
  • Dewey Beach (popular with college students)
  • Bethany Beach (popular with families - Bethany Beach is part of what is referred to as "The Quiet Resorts")
  • Delaware also has a very extensive and well maintained park system, most parks are free or at little cost [1]
  • The Blue Rocks baseball team [2].
You can gamble 'til your heart's content
  • Delaware Park Racetrack and Casino [3]
  • Dover Downs Racetrack [4]
  • Harrington Raceway & Casino [5]
There's also quite a bit of small town charm, like:
.
  • Delaware's State Fair [6]
  • Sussex County's Punkin Chunkin, where specially grown pumpkins are shot from devices such as air-powered cannons, trebuchets, catapults, and various other contraptions.^ The 2009 Unofficial Delaware State Year List remains at 328 species, this week.
    • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

    ^ One new species, Roseate Spoonbill, was added to the Delaware State Bird List bringing the total to 403 species.
    • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

    ^ The 2010 Unofficial Delaware State Year stands at 125 species, that's down from 150 species by this time last year.
    • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

    The goal is to see which device can hurl a pumpkin the greatest distance, with some currently reaching distances of almost a mile. The carnival atmosphere is themed in pumpkins with more and more attractions added each year.
Delaware is well known for having no sales tax. Most Delawareans shop at malls or strip malls with big box stores. Notable malls include:
  • Christiana Mall [7]
  • Concord Mall
  • Dover Mall [8]
  • Rehoboth Outlets [9]
In addition to the beaches, gambling, and shopping, Delaware has many small and unique historical places and museums. Some things to check out would be:
In New Castle County:
  • Buena Vista [10]
  • City of New Castle Historical Society [11]
  • Delaware Art Museum [12]
  • Delaware Center for the Contemporary Arts [13]
  • Delaware Historical Society [14]
  • Delaware Museum of Natural History [15]
  • Delaware Sports Museum & Hall of Fame [16]
  • Gardens at DE Center for Horticulture [17]
  • Greenbank Mill and Philips Farm [18]
  • Hagley Museum & Library [19]
  • Historic Houses of Odessa [20]
  • Iron Hill Museum [21]
  • New Castle Court House Museum [22]
  • Old Swedes Church & Hendrickson House Museum [23]
  • Rockwood Park [24]
  • Winterthur Museum & Country Estate [25]
In Kent County:
  • Air Mobility Command Museum [26]
  • Biggs Museum of American Art [27]
  • Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge [28]
  • Delaware Agricultural Museum & Village [29]
  • Delaware Archaeology Museum [30]
  • Delaware Public Archives [31]
  • Delaware State Police Museum [32]
  • Delaware Visitor Center and Galleries [33]
  • First State Heritage Park at Dover [34]
  • John Dickinson Plantation [35]
  • Johnson Victrola Museum [36]
  • Monster Racing Excitement [37]
  • Museum of Small Town Life [38]
  • Old State House [39]
  • Parson Thorne Museum [40].
In Sussex County:
  • Abbott's Mill Nature Center [41]
  • DiscoverSea Shipwreck Museum [42]
  • Georgetown Train Station Museum [43]
  • Lewes Historical Society Complex [44]
  • Laurel Historical Society [45]
  • Milford Museum [46]
  • Nassau Valley Vineyards [47]
  • Nutter Marvel Carriage Museum [48]
  • Old Courthouse – Georgetown [49]
  • Overfalls Lightship Museum [50]
  • Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge [51]
  • Seaford Historical Society Plantation & Museum [52]
  • Treasures of the Sea Exhibit [53]
  • Zwaanendael Museum [54].

Eat

.Delaware has many excellent restaurants and a surprising number of brewpubs for a small state, including Dogfish Head in Rehoboth Beach and Iron Hill (in Newark and along the Riverfront in Wilmington).^ That's mid-way between Lewes and Rehoboth Beach on Delaware Rt.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ Andy Ednie Claymont, Delaware Subject: Rehoboth Area: Black-headed Gulls, C. Eiders, etc.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

As the location of the University of Delaware, Newark is the home of a number of bars and restaurants popular with college students and locals. One such restaurant is Klondike Kate's (on Main Street). Ask for a tour of the jail cells in the basement, dating from the late 1700s. The Deer Park (also on Main Street) is a long standing Newark institution with a rich history. .Although the current building dates from 1847, there has been a tavern on the site since colonial times.^ Although this has been happening before with as many as five or six owls, this time it was well within the safe dates.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

Edgar Allan Poe once stayed at the St. Patrick's Inn, which formerly stood on the same site. Legend has it that he put a curse on the building and the city after falling in the mud outside the hotel. Due to the site's association with Poe, the symbol of the Deer Park is a raven, and there is a wooden raven on display in the main dining room.
In the city of Wilmington, Trolley Square, about one mile from downtown along Delaware Avenue, is widely popular with locals in their 20s-30s. Among the bars in Trolley Square, The Logan House is arguably the most popular drinking location. Just outside of the city on Route 52 in Greenville is Cromwell's, which has quality pub style food and a comfortable ambience.

Drink

Some brewpubs include:
  • Iron Hill Brewery [55]
  • Dogfishead Brewing [56]
  • Stewart's Brewpub [57]

Stay safe

Staying safe in Delaware is a matter of staying smart. In Wilmington, city officials and downtown merchants have formed (armed with two-way radios but not guns) private security patrols that wander the restaurant and entertainment districts in the downtown area to supplement the city police. Most restaurants will summon a security person to escort you to your car if requested. In the city of Wilmington it is best to apply common sense and pay attention to your surroundings (as it anywhere); listen to your inner voice. If it's telling you that you've wandered into a bad area, you probably have. In general, it's best to avoid walking alone after dark in the downtown area. Interestingly enough, Wilmington has one of the highest concentrations of remote security cameras of any city its size. Of course, these cameras are best at identifying criminals after the fact, so don't take much comfort in their presence.
Despite the above advice, Delaware has less crime than most other states due to its small population. A visit anywhere in the state is safe. Like everywhere else, common sense needs to be used. Outside of Wilmington, there is little to worry about outside of leaving your windows down when it starts to unexpectedly rain.
  • New Jersey - Delaware's neighbor to the north, the Garden State offers a surprising amount of natural beauty in the south and western parts of the state.
  • Pennsylvania - The city of Philadelphia makes an easy day trip from Delaware and offers a glimpse into America's Revolutionary War era history.
  • Maryland - Located to the south of Delaware, Maryland offers "America in Miniature" with everything from history to nature to modern cities.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.DELAWARE, a South Atlantic state of the United States of America, one of the thirteen original states, situated between 38° 27' and 39° 50' N. lat.^ Two centuries of standing in front of the European advance across North America had cost the Delaware 90% of their original population and left them scattered from Texas to Canada.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although the Osage had ceded the land to the United States in 1808, they continued to use it for hunting and when they encountered Delaware, they regarded them as intruders.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Between 1630 and 1635, the Susquehannock attacked Lenape villages in southeast Pennsylvania and drove them across the Delaware River into New Jersey or south into northern Delaware.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

and between 75° 2' and 75° 47' W. long. (For map see Maryland.) .It is bounded N. and N.W. by Pennsylvania, E. by the Delaware river and Delaware Bay, which separate it from New Jersey, and by the Atlantic Ocean; S. and W. by Maryland.^ When the English began colonizing New Jersey and the lower Delaware after 1666, the Lenape were generally hostile because they were aware of the mistreatment given the Powhatan and Nanticoke (many of whom had joined the Lenape) by the Virginia and Maryland colonists.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After they ceded the cession of the Susquehanna Valley in 1732, all that remained of the Lenape homeland was a small part of New Jersey and the Lehigh Valley (Allentown) in northeast Pennsylvania.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Hudson soon realized this was a dead-end and continued north along the New Jersey coast until he reached the mouth of the Hudson River in September.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

With the exception of Rhode Island it is the smallest state in the Union, its area being 2370 sq. m., of which 405 sq. m. are water surface.
Table of contents

Physical Features

.Delaware lies on the Atlantic coastal plain, and is for the most part level and relatively low, its average elevation above the sea being about so ft.^ For the most part, the Lenape in the Delaware Valley had not participated in the Esopus war, not because they had no sympathy for the Munsee, but because they had their hands full helping the Susquehannock in their war with the Iroquois.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is situated in the eastern part of the peninsula formed by Chesapeake Bay and the estuary of the Delaware river.^ English colonists later used Delaware for the bay, the river and the native peoples who lived there.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Nearly 10,000 Delaware are in eastern Oklahoma and, until very recently, were considered part of the Cherokee Nation.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Delaware formed a war party and burned the main Pawnee village on the Republican River.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

In the extreme N. the country is rolling, with moderately high hills, moderately deep valleys and rapid streams. .West of Wilmington there rises a ridge which crosses the state in a north-westerly direction and forms a watershed between Christiana and Brandywine creeks, its highest elevation above sea-level being 280 ft.^ After taking revenge, they crossed to the west side of the Hudson and burned the Dutch settlements there.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On Dec 11-16, a NORTHERN SHRIKE was at Disposal Rd, north of the northern end of Saw Mill Creek Trail at DeKorte State Park, Bergen County.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ FOR DELAWARE: New Castle County: On Jan 10, a GOLDEN EAGLE flew over Carpenter Woods at Brandywine Creek State Park.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

.South of the Christiana there begins another elevation, sandy and marshy, which extends almost the entire length of the state from N.W. to S.E., and forms a second water-parting.^ Lums Pond State Park had HOODED MERGANSERS in the remaining open water there.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

The streams that drain the state are small and insignificant. .Those of the N. flow into Brandywine and Christiana creeks, whose estuary into Delaware river forms Wilmington harbour; those of the S.W. have a common outlet in the Nanticoke river of Maryland; those of the E. empty into Delaware Bay and the Atlantic Ocean.^ Gloucester County: On Dec 22, a COMMON GOLDENEYE, 2 REDHEADS and 157 CANVASBACKS could be seen from the National Park Delaware River overlook.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ Between 1630 and 1635, the Susquehannock attacked Lenape villages in southeast Pennsylvania and drove them across the Delaware River into New Jersey or south into northern Delaware.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A dozen COMMON GOLDENEYES were on the Delaware River north of Morrisville on Jan 10.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

The principal harbours are those of Wilmington, New Castle and Lewes. The shore of the bay is marshy, that of the Atlantic is sandy. .In Kent county there are more than 60,000 acres of tidal marshland, some of which has been reclaimed by means of dykes; Cypress Swamp in the extreme S. has an area of 50,000 acres.^ I'm sure there's more than two individuals doing the 'local circuit'.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ There were 12,000 whites north of the Ohio in 1785 and more coming all the time.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite these new arrivals, the Delaware still had more than enough land to sell some of it to the Wyandot when they were removed from Ohio to Kansas in 1843.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

The soils of the N. are clays, sometimes mixed with loam; those of the central part are mainly loams; while those of the S. are sands.
Minerals are found only in the N. part of the state. .Those of economic value are kaolin, mined chiefly in the vicinity of Hockessin, New Castle county, the static kaolin product being exceeded in 1903 only by that of Pennsylvania among the states of the United States; granite, used for road-making and rough construction work, found near Wilmington; and brick and tile clays; but the value of their total product in 1902 was less than $500,000. In 1906 the total mineral product was valued at $814,126, of which $237,768 represented clay products and $146,346 stone.^ Moravian Missions (1740-1837): Beginning about 1740 near Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, Moravian (United Brethren) missionaries from Germany began to work among the Delaware.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although the Osage had ceded the land to the United States in 1808, they continued to use it for hunting and when they encountered Delaware, they regarded them as intruders.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then, would you believe, with the only occupants of my yard for hours being squirrels, suddenly there was one less.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

In 1902 only 2. 2% of the wage-earners were engaged in mining.
The forests, which once afforded excellent timber, including white oak for shipbuilding, have been greatly reduced by constant cutting; in 1900 it was estimated that 700 sq. m. were wooded, but practically none of this stand was of commercial importance. The fisheries, chiefly oyster, sturgeon and shad, yield an annual product valued at about $250,000.
The proximity of the Delaware and Chesapeake bays help to give Delaware a mild and temperate climate. The mean annual temperature is approximately 55° F., ranging from 52° in the S. to 56° in the N., and the extremes of heat and cold are 103° in the summer and - 17° in the winter. The annual rainfall, greater on the coast than inland, ranges from 40 to 45 in.

Industry and Trade

Delaware is pre-eminently an agricultural state. .In 1900 85% of its total land surface was enclosed in farms - a slight decline since 1880. Seven-tenths of this was improved land, and the expenditure per farm for fertilizers, greater in 1890 than the average of the Atlantic states, approximated $55 per farm in 1900. In 1899 Delaware spent more per acre for fertilizers than any of the other states except New Jersey, Rhode Island and Maryland.^ When the English began colonizing New Jersey and the lower Delaware after 1666, the Lenape were generally hostile because they were aware of the mistreatment given the Powhatan and Nanticoke (many of whom had joined the Lenape) by the Virginia and Maryland colonists.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The first combined Dutch-English expedition was sent against the Raritan on Staten Island, but the Raritan abandoned their villages and fled into northern New Jersey.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Between 1630 and 1635, the Susquehannock attacked Lenape villages in southeast Pennsylvania and drove them across the Delaware River into New Jersey or south into northern Delaware.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

The average size of farms, as in the other states, has declined, falling from 124.6 acres in 1880 to i io r acres in 1900. A large proportion of farms (49.7%) were operated by the owners, and the prevailing form of tenantry was the share system by which 42.5% of the farms were cultivated, while 8.24% of the farms were operated by negroes; these represented less than 4% of the total value of farm property, the average value of farms operated by negroes being $17 per acre, that of farms operated by whites, $23 per acre. The total value of farm products in 1900 was $9,190,777, an increase of 30% over that of 1890, while the cultivation of cereals suffered on account of the competition of the western states. .Indian corn and wheat form the two largest crops, their product in 1900 being respectively 24% and 52% greater than in 1890; but these crops when compared with those of other states are relatively unimportant.^ Other Delaware groups without federal or state recognition include: the Brotherton Indians (Wisconsin) and the Eastern Lenapi Nation (Pennsylvania).
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1906 the acreage of Indian corn was 196,472 acres with a yield of 5,894,160 bushels valued at $2,475,547, and the acreage of wheat was 121,745 acres with a yield of 1,947,920 bushels valued at $1,383,023. The value of the fruit crop, for which Delaware has long been noted, also increased during the same decade, but disease and frost caused a marked decline in the production of peaches, a loss balanced by an increased production of apples, pears and other orchard fruits.^ As a result, the Delaware lands were allotted in 1907 just like everyone else's - 160 acres to each head of household with the excess being sold to whites.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By 1775 the traditional Delaware had accepted the Moravian villages as equal members, and the influence of the Moravian Delaware at councils encouraged other Delaware to seek a peaceful accommodation with the Long Knives.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After a long struggle with the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), they regained federal recognition in September, 1996 as the Delaware Tribe of Indians with their tribal offices in Bartlesville.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

Large quantities of small fruits, particularly of strawberries, raspberries and blackberries, are produced, the southern portion of Sussex county being particularly favourable for strawberry culture. The vicissitudes of fruit raising have also caused increasing attention to be paid to market gardening, dairying and stock raising, particularly to market gardening, an industry which is favoured by the proximity of large cities. The same influence also explains, partly at least, the decrease (of 13%) in the value of farm property between 1890 and 1900.
.The development of manufacturing in Delaware has not been so extensive as its favourable situation relative to the other states, the facilities for water and railway transportation, and the proximity of the coal and iron fields of Pennsylvania, would seem to warrant.^ Other Delaware groups without federal or state recognition include: the Brotherton Indians (Wisconsin) and the Eastern Lenapi Nation (Pennsylvania).
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1905 the wage-earners engaged in manufacturing (under the factory system) numbered 18,475, and the total capital invested in manufacturing was $50,925,630; the gross value of products was $41,160,276; the net value (deducting the value of material purchased in partly manufactured form) was $16,276,470. The principal industry was the manufacture of iron and steel products, which, including steel and rolling mills, car, foundry and machine shops, and shipyards, represented more than 30% of the total capital, and approximately 25% of the total gross product of the manufactures in the state.^ For more than a year, 140 Christian Delaware were confined in a Philadelphia warehouse under the constant danger of massacre.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Well, a little more fiddling with numbers suggests that it really WAS tougher this year--finding each species took about 11% more effort this year than the decade average.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ Numbers following a name indicate more than one village of this name, while a tribal name indicates either a Munsee village or mixed population.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.The tanning, currying and finishing of leather ranks second in importance, with a gross product ($10,250,842) 9% greater than that of 1900, and constituting about one-fourth of the gross factory product of the state in 1905; and the manufacture of food products ranked third, the value of the products of the fruit canning and preserving industry having more than doubled in the decade 1890-1900, but falling off a little more than 7% in 1900-1905. The manufacture of paper and wood pulp showed an increased product in 1905 19.1% greater than in 190o; and flour and grist mill products were valued in 1905 43.6% higher than in 1900. In the grand total of manufactured products, however, the state showed in 1905 a decrease of 4% from 1900. The great manufacturing centre is Wilmington, where in 1905 almost two-thirds of the capital was invested, and nearly threefourths of the product was turned out.^ I'm sure there's more than two individuals doing the 'local circuit'.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ This time I was forewarned to watch the bird rather than photograph it, and I saw a bit more about what it is doing.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ Well, a little more fiddling with numbers suggests that it really WAS tougher this year--finding each species took about 11% more effort this year than the decade average.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

There is much manufacturing also at New Castle.
Delaware has good facilities for transportation. .Its railway mileage in January 1907 was J33.6 m.; the Philadelphia, Baltimore & Washington (Pennsylvania system), the Baltimore & Philadelphia (Baltimore & Ohio system), and the Wilmington & Northern (Philadelphia & Reading system) cross the northern part of the state, while the Delaware railway (leased by the Philadelphia, Baltimore & Washington) runs the length of the state below Wilmington, and another line, the Maryland, Delaware & Virginia (controlled by the Baltimore, Chesapeake & Atlantic railway, which is related to the Pennsylvania system), connects Lewes, Del., with Love Point, Md., on the Chesapeake Bay.^ Unalactigo (before 1682): "people near the ocean" inhabited both sides of the lower Delaware River below Philadelphia including Delaware Bay in what would currently be northern Delaware, southeast Pennsylvania, and southern New Jersey.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The departure of these moderates left the Delaware and Shawnee war factions in control back in Ohio.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In April 1867 the Delaware and Cherokee signed an agreement whereby the Delaware would pay $280,000 for Cherokee land in northern Oklahoma and become part of the Cherokee Nation.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.There is no state railway commission, and the farmers of southern Delaware have suffered from excessive freight rates.^ There currently are 2,000 Munsee on three reserves in southern Ontario: the Delaware of Grand River; Moravians of the Thames; and Muncey of the Thames.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1803 the Delaware ceded part of their land in southern Indiana, but this created a problem with the Miami who felt they still owned the land and that the Delaware had no right to sell it.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

The Delaware & Chesapeake Canal (132 m. long, 66 ft. wide and 10 ft. deep) crosses the .N. part of the state, connecting Delaware river and Chesapeake Bay, and thus affords transportation by water from Baltimore to Philadelphia.^ English colonists later used Delaware for the bay, the river and the native peoples who lived there.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Unalactigo (before 1682): "people near the ocean" inhabited both sides of the lower Delaware River below Philadelphia including Delaware Bay in what would currently be northern Delaware, southeast Pennsylvania, and southern New Jersey.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

The canal was completed in 1829; in 1907 a commission appointed by the president to report on a route for a waterway between Chesapeake and Delaware bays selected the route of this canal. .The states of Maryland and Delaware aided in its construction, and in 1828 the national government also made an appropriation.^ As part of the Cherokee Nation, the Delaware in Oklahoma were able to avoid allotment until the Curtis Act (1895) dissolved tribal governments and forced allotment in 1901.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Other Delaware groups without federal or state recognition include: the Brotherton Indians (Wisconsin) and the Eastern Lenapi Nation (Pennsylvania).
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

Wilmington is a customs district in which New Castle and Lewes are included; but its trade is largely coastwise. .Rehoboth and Indian River bays are navigable for vessels of less than 6 ft.^ On Jan 7, a BROWN PELICAN was at the docks of the Indian River Marina at the northern bay side of Indian River Inlet.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

draft. Opposite Lewes is the Delaware Breakwater (begun in 1818 and completed in 1869, at a cost of more than $2,000,000), which forms a harbour 16 ft. deep. .In 1897-1901 the United States government constructed a harbour of refuge, formed by a second breakwater 24 m.^ The new government of the United States also wished to avoid war and, if possible, settle the dispute through treaty.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.N. of the existing one; its protected anchorage is 552 acres and the cost was more than $2,090,000. The harbour is about equidistant from New York, Philadelphia, and the capes of Chesapeake Bay, and is used chiefly by vessels awaiting orders to ports for discharge or landing.^ In 1822 they sold their remaining lands in New York and moved to a reservation established for the Oneida near Green Bay, Wisconsin.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite these new arrivals, the Delaware still had more than enough land to sell some of it to the Wyandot when they were removed from Ohio to Kansas in 1843.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ That fall they ordered a truce, until their new demands had time to reach the Congress in Philadelphia.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

The national government also made appropriations for opening an inland waterway from Lewes to Chincoteague Bay, Virginia, for improving Wilmington harbour, and for making navigable several of the larger streams of the state.

Population

The population of Delaware in 1880 was 146,608; in 1890, 168,493, an increase of 14.9%; in 1900, 18 4,735, a further increase of 9.6%. The rate of increase before 1850 was considerably smaller than the rate after that date. Of the population in 1900, 92.5% was native born and 7.5% was foreign-born. The negro population was 30,697, or 16.6% of the total. .In Indian River Hundred, Sussex county, there formerly lived a community of people, - many of whom are of the fair Caucasian type, - called " Indians " or " Moors "; they are now quite generally dispersed throughout the state, especially in Kent and Sussex counties.^ When the English began colonizing New Jersey and the lower Delaware after 1666, the Lenape were generally hostile because they were aware of the mistreatment given the Powhatan and Nanticoke (many of whom had joined the Lenape) by the Virginia and Maryland colonists.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Earlier, Indian River Inlet had been about as previously described except that there was no whale in sight.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ Sussex County: An adult BLACK-HEADED GULL put in an appearance at the Wolfe Neck Wastewater Treatment Facility on Jan 9 & 11, and three BLACK-HEADED GULLS were there on Jan 7.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

.Their origin is unknown, but according to local tradition they are the descendants of some Moorish sailors who were cast ashore many years ago in a shipwreck; their own tradition is that they are descended from the children of an Irish mother and a negro father, these children having intermarried with Indians of the Nanticoke tribe.^ Despite these new arrivals, the Delaware still had more than enough land to sell some of it to the Wyandot when they were removed from Ohio to Kansas in 1843.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Following a legal battle covering almost 20 years, the Delaware, who were the first tribe to sign a treaty with the United States, have just been successful in reversing this decision and regaining federal recognition as a separate tribe, the Delaware Tribe of Indians.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After a long struggle with the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), they regained federal recognition in September, 1996 as the Delaware Tribe of Indians with their tribal offices in Bartlesville.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

They have, where practicable, separate churches and schools, the latter receiving state aid. The urban population of Delaware (i.e. of Wilmington, the only city having more than 5000 inhabitants) was, in 1900, 41.4% of the state's population. There were thirty-five incorporated cities and towns. The largest of these was the city of Wilmington, with 76,508 inhabitants. .The city next in size, New Castle, had a population of 3380, while the largest town, Dover, the capital of the state, had 3329. The principal churches, in order of their membership were, in 1890, the Methodist Episcopal, Presbyterian, Protestant Episcopal, Baptist, Roman Catholic, Quaker and Lutheran.^ FOR DELAWARE: New Castle County: On Jan 10, a GOLDEN EAGLE flew over Carpenter Woods at Brandywine Creek State Park.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

Government

The constitution by which Delaware is governed was adopted in 1897. Like the previous constitutions of 1776, 1792 and 1831, it was promulgated by a constitutional convention without submission to the people for ratification, and amendments may be adopted by a two-thirds vote of each house in two consecutive legislatures. Its character is distinctly democratic. .The property qualification of state senators and the restriction of suffrage to those who have paid county or poll taxes are abolished; but suffrage is limited to male adults who can read the state constitution in English, and can write their names, unless physically disqualified, and who have registered.^ He says that adults migrate to the tropics in the winter but that immature males congregate in coastal waters of the mid-Atlantic states.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

In 1907 an amendment to the constitution was adopted, which struck out from the instrument the clause requiring the payment of a registration fee of one dollar by each elector. Important innovations in the constitution of 1897 are the office of lieutenantgovernor, and the veto power of the governor which may extend to parts and clauses of appropriation bills, but a bill may be passed over his veto by a three-fifths vote of each house of the legislature, and a bill becomes a law if not returned to the legislature withil l ten days after its reception by the governor, unless the session of the legislature shall have expired in the meantime. The governor's regular term in office is four years, and he is ineligible for a third term. All his appointments to offices where the salary is more than $500 must be confirmed by the senate; all pardons must be approved by a board of pardons. Representation in the legislature is according to districts, members of the lower house being chosen for two, and members of the upper house for four years. .Members of the lower house must be at least twenty-four years of age, members of the senate at least twenty-seven; members of both houses must at the time of their election have been citizens of the state for at least three years.^ During the next three centuries, white settlement forced the Delaware to relocate at least twenty times.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The 2010 Unofficial Delaware State Year stands at 125 species, that's down from 150 species by this time last year.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ On Dec 16-17, three to four TUNDRA SWANS were on the second Plover Pond at Cape May Point State Park.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

In November 1906 the people of the state voted (17,248 for; 2162 against) in favour of the provision of a system of advisory initiative and advisory referendum; and in March 1907 the general assembly passed an act providing initiative and referendum in the municipal affairs in the city of Wilmington. The organization of the judiciary is similar to that under the old English system. .Six judges - a chancellor, a chief justice, and four associate justices - of whom there shall be at least one resident in each of the three counties, and not more than three shall belong to the same political party, are appointed by the governor, with the consent of the senate, for a term of twelve years.^ The main goal of the big year was to become more familiar with the county, its birds and habitats.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ The tribal council was composed of three sachems (captains), one each from the Turtle, Wolf, and Turkey clans with the "head chief" almost always being a member of the Turtle.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There was no central political authority, and Lenape sachems, at best, controlled only a few villages usually located along the same stream.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

A certain number of them hold courts of chancery, general sessions, oyer and terminer, and an orphans' court; the six together constitute the supreme court, but the judge from whose decision appeal is made may not hear the appealed case unless the appeal is made at his own instance. Bribery may be punished by fine, imprisonment and disfranchisement for ten years. Corporations cannot be created by a special act of the legislature, and no corporation may issue stock except for an equivalent value of money, labour or property. In order to attract capital to the state, the legislature has reduced the taxes on corporations, has forbidden the repeal of charters, and has given permission for the organization of corporations with both the power and name of trust companies. Legislative divorces are forbidden by the constitution, and a statute of 1901 subjects wife-beaters to corporal punishment. Although punishment by whipping and by standing in the pillory was prohibited by an act of Congress in 1839, in so far as the Federal government had jurisdiction, both these forms of punishment were retained in Delaware, and standing in the pillory was prescribed by statute as a punishment for a number of offences, including various kinds of larceny and forgery, highway robbery, and even pretending " to exercise the art of witchcraft, fortune-telling or dealing with spirits," at least until 1893. In 1905, by a law approved on the 10th of March, it was finally abolished. The whipping-post was in 1908 still maintained in Delaware, and whipping continued to be prescribed as a punishment for a variety of offences, although in 1889 a law was passed which prescribed that " hereafter no female convicted of any crime in this state shall be whipped or made to stand in the pillory," and a law passed in 1883 prescribed that " in case of conviction of larceny, when the prisoner is of tender years, or is charged for the first time (being shown to have before had a good character), the court may in its discretion omit from the sentence the infliction of lashes." An old law still on the statute-books when the edition of the revised statutes was issued in 1893, prescribes that " the punishment of whipping shall be inflicted publicly by strokes on the bare back, well laid on." The unit of local government is the " hundred," which corresponds to the township of Pennsylvania. The employment of children under fourteen years of age in factories is forbidden by statute. .Divorces are granted for adultery, desertion for three years) habitual drunkenness, impotence at the time of marriage, fraud, lack of marriageable age (eighteen for males, sixteen for females), and failure of husband to provide for his wife during three consecutive years.^ During the next three centuries, white settlement forced the Delaware to relocate at least twenty times.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

The marriages of whites with negroes and of insane persons are null; but the children of the married insane are legitimate.
In 1908 the state debt was $816,785, and the assets in bonds, railway mortgages and bank stocks exceeded the liabilities by $7 1 7,779. Besides the income from interest and dividends on investments, the state revenues are derived from taxes on licences, on commissions to public officers, on railway, telegraph and telephone, express, and banking companies, and to a slight extent from taxes on collateral inheritance.

Education

The charitable and penal administration of Delaware is not well developed. There is a state hospital for the insane at Farnhurst. Other dependent citizens are cared for in the institutions of other states at public expense. .In 1899 a county workhouse was established in New Castle county, in which persons under sentence must labour eight hours a day, pay being allowed for extra hours, and a diminution of sentence for good behaviour.^ FOR DELAWARE: New Castle County: On Dec 14, four SANDHILL CRANES were spotted flying toward Hockessin from the Mount Cuba Center.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ FOR DELAWARE: New Castle County: On Jan 10, a GOLDEN EAGLE flew over Carpenter Woods at Brandywine Creek State Park.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ FOR DELAWARE: New Castle County: A SNOW BUNTING was in the Red Clay Valley on Dec 19.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

.At Wilmington is the Ferris industrial school for boys, a private reformatory institution to which New Castle county gives $146 for each boy; and the Delaware industrial school for girls, also at Wilmington, receives financial support from both county and state.^ Middlesex County: On Jan 9, COMMON GOLDENEYES, including a yellow-billed GOLDENEYE were reported from the Delaware & Raritan Canal in New Brunswick.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ FOR DELAWARE: New Castle County: On Dec 14, four SANDHILL CRANES were spotted flying toward Hockessin from the Mount Cuba Center.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ Delaware and Munsee in both the United States and Canada.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

The educational system of the state has been considerably improved within recent years. .The maintenance of a system of public schools is rendered compulsory by the state constitution, and a new compulsory school law came into effect in 1907. The first public school law, passed in 1829, was based largely on the principle of " local option," each school district being left free to determine the character of its own school or even to decide, if it wished, against having any school at all.^ The first combined Dutch-English expedition was sent against the Raritan on Staten Island, but the Raritan abandoned their villages and fled into northern New Jersey.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The new government of the United States also wished to avoid war and, if possible, settle the dispute through treaty.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.The system thus established proved to be very unsatisfactory, and a new school law in 1875 brought about a greater degree of uniformity and centralization through its provisions for the appointment of a state superintendent of free schools and a state board of education.^ Teddy Roosevelt wrote that he learned Latin through Lineannean taxonomy, before graduating Harvard and attending Columbia Law School.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ The new government of the United States also wished to avoid war and, if possible, settle the dispute through treaty.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

In 1888, however, the state superintendency was abolished, and county superintendencies were created instead, the legislature thus returning, in a measure, to the old system of local control. Centralization was again secured, in 1888, by the passage of a law reorganizing and increasing the powers of the state board of education. .The state school fund, ranging from about $150,000 to $160,00o a year, is apportioned among the school districts, according to the number of teachers employed, and is used exclusively for teachers' salaries and the supplying of free text-books.^ Over the past few years we have seen a drop off in the number of participants and we would really could use some new blood.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

This fund is supplemented by local taxation. No discrimination is allowed on account of race or colour; but separate schools are provided for white and coloured children. .Delaware College (non-sectarian) at Newark, founded in 1833 as Newark College and rechartered, after suspension from 1859 to 1870, under the present name, as a state institution, derives most of its financial support from the United States Land Grant of 1862 and the supplementary appropriation of 1890, and is the seat of an agricultural experiment station, established in 1888 under the so-called " Hatch Bill " of 1887. In 1906-1907 Delaware College had 20 instructors and 130 students.^ At the outbreak of the War of 1812 (1812-14), most Delaware, Shawnee and Wyandot remained neutral or supported the Americans.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although the Osage had ceded the land to the United States in 1808, they continued to use it for hunting and when they encountered Delaware, they regarded them as intruders.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Unfortunately, much of Delaware's new land had formerly belonged to the Pawnee, and the United States had neglected to inform the Pawnee before relocating the Delaware.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

The college is a part of the free school system of Delaware, and tuition is free to all students from the state. There is an agricultural college for negroes at Dover; this college receives one-fifth of the appropriation made by the so-called " new Morrill Bill " of 1890.

History

.Delaware river and bay were first explored on behalf of the Dutch by Henry Hudson in 1609, and more thoroughly in 1615-1616 by Cornelius Hendrikson, whose reports did much to cause the incorporation of the Dutch West India Company.^ After Verrazano, the next "official" contact for the Lenape was in 1609 when Henry Hudson, employed by the Dutch East India Company to search for the Northwest Passage, explored Delaware Bay.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Within a few years, the Dutch had expanded their trade to include the Delaware and Connecticut Rivers.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The northernmost group of the Lenape, they occupied the headwaters of the Delaware River where Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York meet including the Catskill Mountains on the west side of the lower Hudson Valley.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.The first settlement on Delaware soil was made under the auspices of members of this company in 1631 near the site of the present Lewes.^ Shingas - now known as "Shingas the Terrible" - raided settlements along the Susquehanna and invited the Delaware living there under Iroquois supervision to join his war parties.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Sometimes called the Absentee Delaware, its 1,000 members are descendants of a Missouri-Texas splinter group, many of whom reside near of the tribal headquarters at Anadarko.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Meanwhile, some of the eastern Delaware under Teedyuskung had tired of the war and made peace at Easton, Pennsylvania in August, 1756.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

The leaders, one of whom was Captain David P. de Vries, wished " to plant a colony for the cultivation of grain and tobacco as well as to carry on the whale fishery in that region." The settlement, however, was soon completely destroyed by the Indians. (See Lewes.) .A more successful effort at colonization was made under the auspices of the South Company of Sweden, a corporation organized in 1624 as the " Australian Company," by William Usselinx, who had also been the chief organizer of the Dutch West India Company, and now secured a charter or manifest from Gustavus Adolphus.^ Any failure to pay brought Wappinger raids on the Metoac villages which the Dutch made no effort to prevent.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Dutch made no further attempts to colonize the lower Delaware River until after they had captured New Sweden in 1655.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1624, the Dutch brought 30 families to the area and built a new post (Fort Orange) on the west bank of the Hudson at Albany.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

The privileges of the company were extended to Germans in 1633, and about 1640 the Dutch members were bought out. In 1638 Peter Minuit on hehalf of this company established a settlement at what is now Wilmington, naming it, in honour of the infant queen Christina, Christinaham, and naming the entire territory, bought by Minuit from the Minquas Indians and extending indefinitely westward from the Delaware river between Bombay Hook and the mouth of the Schuylkill river, " New Sweden." This territory was subsequently considerably enlarged. In 1642 mature plans for colonization were adopted. .A new company, officially known as the West India, American, or New Sweden Company, but like its predecessor popularly known as the South Company, was chartered, and a governor, Johan Printz (c. 1600-1663) was sent out by the crown.^ In 1625 Pieter Minuit, then governor of New Netherlands, purchased Manhattan from the Metoac tribe of the same name and built Fort Amsterdam at the south end of the island.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Delaware Location Originally in 1600, the Delaware River Valley from Cape Henlopen, Delaware north to include the west side of the lower Hudson Valley in southern New York.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Because New Netherlands was a trade monopoly operated by the Dutch West India Company, there was little economic opportunity for anyone besides its stockholders.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.He arrived early in 164 3 and subsequently established settlements on the island of Tinicum, near the present Chester, Pennsylvania, at the mouth of Salem Creek, New Jersey, and near the mouth of the Schuylkill river.^ RED-BREASTED MERGANSERS and RUDDY DUCKS have taken up residence with the previously arrived BUFFLEHEAD at Bald Eagle Creek near Rehoboth Country Club.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ The first combined Dutch-English expedition was sent against the Raritan on Staten Island, but the Raritan abandoned their villages and fled into northern New Jersey.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After they ceded the cession of the Susquehanna Valley in 1732, all that remained of the Lenape homeland was a small part of New Jersey and the Lehigh Valley (Allentown) in northeast Pennsylvania.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.Friction had soon arisen with New Netherland, although, owing to their common dislike of the English, the Swedes and the Dutch had maintained a formal friendship.^ The first combined Dutch-English expedition was sent against the Raritan on Staten Island, but the Raritan abandoned their villages and fled into northern New Jersey.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ English colonists were far more numerous than the Dutch, and the conquest of New York opened new areas for their settlement.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Because New Netherlands was a trade monopoly operated by the Dutch West India Company, there was little economic opportunity for anyone besides its stockholders.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1651, however, Peter Stuyvesant, governor of New Netherland, and more aggressive than his predecessors, built Fort Casimir, near what is now New Castle.^ Governor Peter Stuyvesant responded with troops but, after promising to halt the Wappinger raids, was still forced to ransom 50 Dutch colonists held by the Metoac.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1625 Pieter Minuit, then governor of New Netherlands, purchased Manhattan from the Metoac tribe of the same name and built Fort Amsterdam at the south end of the island.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After several Dutch were killed in attacks in 1657, Stuyvesant arrived with troops from New Amsterdam and began construction of a fort.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1654 Printz's successor, Johan Claudius Rising, who had arrived from Sweden with a large number of colonists, expelled the Dutch from Fort Casimir.^ After several Dutch were killed in attacks in 1657, Stuyvesant arrived with troops from New Amsterdam and began construction of a fort.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The number of Dutch colonists increased afterwards, and settlement spread to the Bronx and across the Hudson to the Hackensack Valley and Staten Island.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

In retaliation, Stuyvesant, in 1655, with seven vessels and as many hundred men, recaptured the fort and also captured Fort Christina (Wilmington). .New Sweden thus passed into the control of the Dutch, and became a dependency of New Netherland.^ The first combined Dutch-English expedition was sent against the Raritan on Staten Island, but the Raritan abandoned their villages and fled into northern New Jersey.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Dutch made no further attempts to colonize the lower Delaware River until after they had captured New Sweden in 1655.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Because New Netherlands was a trade monopoly operated by the Dutch West India Company, there was little economic opportunity for anyone besides its stockholders.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1656, however, the Dutch West India Company sold part of what had been New Sweden to the city of Amsterdam, which in the following year established a settlement called " New Amstel " at Fort Casimir (New Castle).^ In 1625 Pieter Minuit, then governor of New Netherlands, purchased Manhattan from the Metoac tribe of the same name and built Fort Amsterdam at the south end of the island.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After several Dutch were killed in attacks in 1657, Stuyvesant arrived with troops from New Amsterdam and began construction of a fort.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1822 they sold their remaining lands in New York and moved to a reservation established for the Oneida near Green Bay, Wisconsin.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

This settlement was badly administered and made little progress.
.In 1663 the whole of the Delaware country came under the jurisdiction of the city of Amsterdam, but in the following year this territory, with New Netherland, was seized by the English.^ The Dutch suffered a similar fate in September of 1664 when an English fleet captured New Amsterdam.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Absentee Delaware were living in Mexican territory at the time and received nothing for their old lands, but the Delaware chiefs from Kansas who signed on their behalf got $100/year for life.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For more than a year, 140 Christian Delaware were confined in a Philadelphia warehouse under the constant danger of massacre.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.For a brief interval, in 1673-1674, the Dutch were again in control, but in the latter year, by the treaty of Westminster, the " three counties on the Delaware " again became part of the English possessions in America held by the duke of York, later James II.^ From their reserve in northeast Kansas, the Delaware became very much a part of the American movement across the west.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After agreeing to removal in 1829, it took the Ohio Delaware almost three years before they joined the other Delaware in Kansas in 1832.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Compared to the English, there were not many Dutch in North America.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.His formal grant from Charles II.^ In 1682 Charles II granted Pennsylvania to a religious dissenter, William Penn.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

was not received until .March 1683. In order that no other settlements should encroach upon his centre of government, New Castle, the northern boundary was determined by drawing an arc of a circle, 12 m.^ However, this meant little, since the new government had almost no control over the actions of the Long Knives west of the Appalachians.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

in radius, and with New Castle as the centre. .This accounts for the present curved boundary line between Delaware and Pennsylvania.^ Between 1630 and 1635, the Susquehannock attacked Lenape villages in southeast Pennsylvania and drove them across the Delaware River into New Jersey or south into northern Delaware.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

Previously, however, in August 1680, the duke of York had leased this territory for ro,000 years to William Penn, to whom he conveyed it by a deed of feoffment in August 1682; but differences in race and religion, economic rivalry between New Castle and the Pennsylvania towns, and petty political quarrels over representation and office holding, similar to those in the other American colonies, were so intense that Penn in 1691 appointed a special deputy governor for the " lower counties." Although reunited with the " province " of Pennsylvania in 1693, the so-called " territories " or " lower counties " secured a separate legislature in 1704, and a separate executive council in 1710; the governor of Pennsylvania, however, was the chief executive until 1776. A protracted boundary dispute with Maryland, which colony at first claimed the whole of Delaware under Lord Baltimore's charter, was not settled until 1767, when the present line separating Delaware and Maryland was adopted. .In the War of Independence Delaware furnished only one regiment to the American army, but that was one of the best in the service.^ At the outbreak of the War of 1812 (1812-14), most Delaware, Shawnee and Wyandot remained neutral or supported the Americans.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Delaware scouts served with Colonel Henry Dodge's 1835 expedition to meet the Comanche, and in 1837 eighty-seven Delaware enlisted in the American army and saw service in the Seminole War.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By 1761 the Seneca were passing a war belt calling for an uprising, but only the Delaware and Shawnee responded.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

One of its companies carried a number of gamecocks said to have been the brood of a blue hen; hence the soldiers, and later the people of the state, have been popularly known as the " Blue Hen's Chickens." In 1776 a state government was organized, representative of the Delaware state, the term " State of Delaware " being first adopted in the constitution of 1792. One of the peculiarities of the government was that in addition to the regular executive, legislative and judicial departments there was a privy council without whose approval the governor's power was little more than nominal. .In 1786 Delaware was one of the five states whose delegates attended the Annapolis convention (see Annapolis, Maryland), and it was the first (on the 7th of December 1787) to ratify the Federal constitution.^ One new species, Roseate Spoonbill, was added to the Delaware State Bird List bringing the total to 403 species.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ Other Delaware groups without federal or state recognition include: the Brotherton Indians (Wisconsin) and the Eastern Lenapi Nation (Pennsylvania).
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Unusual here to see one, the first time I've ever seen two together.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

From then until 1850 it was controlled by the Federalist or Whig parties. .In 1850 the Democrats, who had before then elected a few governors and United States senators, secured control of the entire administration - a control unarrested, except in 1863, until the last decade of the 19th century.^ Unfortunately, much of Delaware's new land had formerly belonged to the Pawnee, and the United States had neglected to inform the Pawnee before relocating the Delaware.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.Although it was a slave state, the majority of the people of Delaware opposed secession in 1861, and the legislature promptly answered President Lincoln's call to arms; yet, while 14,000 of the 40,000 males between the ages of fourteen and sixty served in the Union army, there were many sympathizers with the Confederacy in the southern part of the state.^ Although the Osage had ceded the land to the United States in 1808, they continued to use it for hunting and when they encountered Delaware, they regarded them as intruders.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The question is whether an oral tradition like the Walam Olum could have survived for 14,000 (perhaps 40,000) years, and most scholars question its authenticity.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In April 1867 the Delaware and Cherokee signed an agreement whereby the Delaware would pay $280,000 for Cherokee land in northern Oklahoma and become part of the Cherokee Nation.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

In 1866, 1867 and 1869, respectively, the legislature refused to ratify the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments to the Federal constitution. .The provision of the state constitution that restricted suffrage to those who had paid county or poll taxes and made the tax lists the basis for the lists of qualified voters, opened the way for the disfranchisement of many negroes by fraudulent means.^ The battle at Point Pleasant has sometimes been called the "opening shot of the revolution," and in many ways, this is correct.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.Consequently the levy court of New Castle county was indicted in the United States circuit court in 1872, and one of its members was convicted.^ Unfortunately, much of Delaware's new land had formerly belonged to the Pawnee, and the United States had neglected to inform the Pawnee before relocating the Delaware.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ FOR DELAWARE: New Castle County: On Dec 14, four SANDHILL CRANES were spotted flying toward Hockessin from the Mount Cuba Center.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ The new government of the United States also wished to avoid war and, if possible, settle the dispute through treaty.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

Again in 1880 the circuit court, by virtue of the Federal statute of 1872 on elections, appointed supervisors of elections in Delaware. .The negro vote has steadily increased in importance, and in 1900 was approximately one-fifth of the total vote of the state.^ One new species, Roseate Spoonbill, was added to the Delaware State Bird List bringing the total to 403 species.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

In 1901 the legislature ratified the three amendments rejected in former years. Another political problem has been that of representation. .According to the constitution of 1831 the unit of representation in the legislature was the county; inasmuch as the population of New Castle county has exceeded after 1870 that of both Kent and Sussex, the inequality became a cause of discontent.^ FOR DELAWARE: New Castle County: On Dec 14, four SANDHILL CRANES were spotted flying toward Hockessin from the Mount Cuba Center.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ FOR DELAWARE: New Castle County: On Jan 10, a GOLDEN EAGLE flew over Carpenter Woods at Brandywine Creek State Park.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ New Castle and Kent Co.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

This is partly eradicated by the new constitution of 1897, which reapportioned representation according to electoral districts, so that New Castle has seven senators and fifteen representatives, while each of the other counties has seven senators and ten representatives.
.In 1889 the Republicans for the first time since the Civil War secured a majority in the legislature, and elected Anthony J. Higgins to the United States Senate.^ Although they were still not citizens at this time, the Delaware declared for the Union at the outbreak of the Civil War.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When the war ended, most stayed in Canada and did not return to the United States.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In September all three signed a treaty at Fort Pitt with the Americans - the first treaty between the United States and Native Americans.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

In that year a capitalist and promoter, J. Edward Addicks (b. .1841, in Pennsylvania), became a citizen of the state, and after securing for himself the control of the Wilmington gas supply, systematically set about building up a personal " machine " that would secure his election to the national Senate as a Republican.^ Other Delaware groups without federal or state recognition include: the Brotherton Indians (Wisconsin) and the Eastern Lenapi Nation (Pennsylvania).
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

His purpose was thwarted in 1893, when a Democratic majority chose, for a second term, George Gray (b. .1840), who from 187 9 to 1885 had been the attorney-general of the state and subsequently was a member of the Spanish-American Peace Commission at Paris in 1898 and became a judge of the United States circuit court, third judicial circuit, in 1899. Mr Addicks was an avowed candidate in 1895, but the opposition of the Regular Republicans, who accused him of corruption and who held the balance of power, prevented an election.^ Indiana became a state in 1816 and immediately began to pressure the federal government for the removal of Native Americans from its territory.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In September all three signed a treaty at Fort Pitt with the Americans - the first treaty between the United States and Native Americans.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the United States, there are Munsee descendants in the 1,500 member Stockbridge-Munsee tribe in northern Wisconsin and a mixed Munsee-Ojibwe community near Ottawa, Kansas.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

In 1897, the legislature being again Democratic, Richard R. Kenney (b. 1856) was chosen to fill the vacancy for the remainder of the unexpired term. Meanwhile the two Republican factions continued to oppose one another, and both sent delegates to the national party convention in 1896, the " regular " delegation being seated. The expiration of Senator Gray's term in 1899 left a vacancy, but although the Republicans again had a clear majority the resolution of the Regulars prevented the Union Republicans, as the supporters of Addicks called themselves, from seating their patron. Both the Regular and Union factions sent delegations to the national party convention in 1900, where the refusal of the Regulars to compromise led to the recognition of the Union delegates. .Despite this apparent abandonment of their cause by the national organization, the Regulars continued their opposition, the state being wholly without representation in the Senate from the expiration of Senator Kenney's term in 1901 until 1903, when a compromise was effected whereby two Republicans, one of each faction, were chosen, one condition being that Addicks should not be the candidate of the Union Republicans.^ As part of the Cherokee Nation, the Delaware in Oklahoma were able to avoid allotment until the Curtis Act (1895) dissolved tribal governments and forced allotment in 1901.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Other Delaware groups without federal or state recognition include: the Brotherton Indians (Wisconsin) and the Eastern Lenapi Nation (Pennsylvania).
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite the European insistence that they were one, the Lenape were not a unified tribe until after they had moved to Ohio in the 1740s.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

Both factions were recognized by the national convention of 1904, but the legislature of 1905 adjourned without being able to fill a vacancy in the Senate which had again occurred. .The deadlock, however, was broken at the special session of the legislature called in 1906, and in June of that year Henry A. du Pont was elected senator.^ Well, the second item was not true as a later Montgomery County big year by Mike Schall had broken that record with a final total of 153 species in 2004.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

[[Governors Of Delaware I]]. Swedish. Peter Minuit. Peter Hollander. 1640-1643 Johan Printz 1643-1653 Johan Papegoga (acting) 1653-1654 Johan Claudius Rising. .. 1654-1655 II. Dutch. (Same as for New York.) III. English. (Same as New York until 1682.) (Same as Pennsylvania 1682-1776.) Presidents Of Delaware John McKinley. 1776-1778 Caesar Rodney.. 1778-1781 John Dickinson.. 1781-1783 Nicholas Van Dyke. 1783-1786 Thomas Collins.. 1786-1789 Joshua Clayton Gunning Bedford Daniel Rogers' Richard Bassett James Sykes2 David Hall Nathaniel Mitchell George Truett Joseph Haslett Daniel Rodney John Clarke. Henry Malleston 3 Jacob Stout. John Collins Caleb Rodney Joseph Haslett Charles Thomas Samuel Paynter Charles Polk David Hazzard Caleb P. Bennett Charles Polk,.. Cornelius P. Comegys. William B. Cooper Thomas Stockton Joseph Maul' William Temple' William Tharp William H. Ross Peter F. Causey William Burton William Cannon Gove Saulsbury 10 James Ponder John P. Cockran John W. Hall.. Charles C. Stockley Benjamin T. Biggs Robert J. Reynolds. Joshua H. Marvil William T. Watson" Ebe W. Tunnell .
John Hunn .
Preston Lea. Simeon S. Pennewill 1 Speaker of the senate. Filled unexpired term of Gunning Bedford (d. 1797).
Speaker of senate. Filled unexpired term of Richard Bassett, who resigned 180 Died before he was inaugurated.
' Speaker of the senate.
Speaker of the senate, John Collins dying in 1822.
Speaker of senate, Haslett dying in 1823.
7 Speaker of senate.
8 Speaker of senate, Stockton dying in 1846.
9 Speaker of senate, Maul dying in 1846.
10 As speaker of the senate filled the unexpired term of Cannon (d. 1865), and then became governor in 1867.
11 President of senate, Marvil dying in 1895.

Governors

1789-1796Federalist 1796-1797 -1797-1799 1799-1801 -1801-1802 1802-1805 Federalist 1805-1808 1808- 1811-1811 -1814 1814-1817 1820 1820- 1821-1821 -1822Democratic-Republican 1822- 1822-1823 Democratic-Republican 1823-1824 ?1824-1827Federalist 1827-1830 „ 1830-1833 American-Republican 1833-1836 Democrat 1836-1837 -1837-1841 Whig 1841-1845 -1845-1846 1846- 1846-1847 1847-1851 Democrat 1851-1855 -1855-1859 Whig-Know-Nothing 1859-1863 Democrat 1863-1865 Republican 1865-1871 Democrat 1871-1875 -1875-1879 1879-1883 -1883-1887 1887-1891 -1891-1895 1895 Republican 1895-1897 Democrat1897-1901 1901-1905 Republican 1905-1909 „ 1909 „ Bibliog Ra Phy. - Information about manufactures, mining and .agriculture may be found in the reports of the Twelfth Census of the United States, especially Bulletins 69 and zoo. The Agricultural Experiment Station, at Newark, publishes in its Annual Report a record of temperature and rainfall. For law and administration see Constitution of Delaware (Dover, 1899) and the Revised Code of 1852, amended 1893 (Wilmington, 1893). .For education see L. B. Powell, History of Education in Delaware (Washington, 1893), and a sketch in the Annual Report for 1902 of the United States Commissioner of Education.^ You can report sightings or add to the Delaware State Year List by call 302-792-9591 or email ednieap AT verizon.net.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

The most elaborate history is that of John Thomas Scharf, History of the State of Delaware (2 vols., Philadelphia, 1888); the second volume is entirely biographical. Claes T. Odhner's brief sketch, Kolonien Nya Sveriges Grundldggning, 1637-1642 (Stockholm, 1876; English translation in the Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, vol. iii.), and Carl K. S. Sprinchorn's Kolonien Nya Sveriges Historia (1878; English translation in the Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, vols. vii. and viii.) are based, in part, on documents in the Swedish Royal Archives and at the universities of Upsala and Lund, which were unknown to Benjamin Ferris (History of the Original Settlements of the Delaware, Wilmington, 1846) and Francis Vincent (History of the State of Delaware, Philadelphia, 1870), which ends with the English occupation in 1664). In vol. iv. of Justin Winsor's Narrative and Critical History of America (Boston, 1884) there is an excellent chapter by Gregory B. Keen on " New Sweden, or the Swedes on the Delaware," to which a bibliographical chapter is appended. The Papers of the Historical Society of Delaware (1879 seq.) contain valuable material. In part ii. of the Report of the Superintendent of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey for 1893 (Washington, 1905) there is " A Historical Account of the Boundary Line between the States of Pennsylvania and Delaware, by W. C. Hodgkins." The colonial records are preserved with those of New York and Pennsylvania; only one volume of the State Records has been published, and Minutes of the Council of Delaware State, 1776-1792 (Dover, 1886). For political conditions since the Civil War see vol. 141 of the North American Review, vol. 32 of the Forum, and vol. 73 of the Outlook - all published in New York.


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Map of US highlighting Delaware

Etymology

EB1911A-pict1.png This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this word, please add it to the page as described here.

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Singular
Delaware
Plural
-
Delaware
.
  1. An indigenous Native American people.
  2. The Algonquian languages of these people.
  3. A river that arises in the Catskill mountains.
  4. A state of the United States of America.^ Indiana became a state in 1816 and immediately began to pressure the federal government for the removal of Native Americans from its territory.
    • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ English colonists later used Delaware for the bay, the river and the native peoples who lived there.
    • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In September all three signed a treaty at Fort Pitt with the Americans - the first treaty between the United States and Native Americans.
    • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

    Capital: Dover.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

External links


Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ˈd̪ɛlɛwɛr/

Proper noun

Delaware m.
  1. Delaware (state)

Proper noun

Delaware f.
  1. Delaware (river)

Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

State of Delaware
Flag of Delaware State seal of Delaware
Flag of Delaware SealImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
Nickname(s)Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif: The First State, The Small Wonder, Blue Hen State
Motto(s)Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif: Liberty and Independence
Map of the United States with Delaware highlighted
Official language(s)Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif English
CapitalImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Dover
Largest cityImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Wilmington
AreaImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  Ranked 49thImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
 - Total 2,490 sq miImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
(6,452 km²Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif)
 - Width 30 miles (48 kmImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif)
 - Length 96 miles (154 km)
 - % water 21.5
 - Latitude 38° 27′ N to 39° 50′ N
 - Longitude 75° 3′ W to 75° 47′ W
PopulationImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  Ranked 45thImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
 - Total (2000Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif) 783,600
 - DensityImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif 401.11/sq mi 
154.87/km² (7th)
 - Median incomeImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  $50,152 (12th)
ElevationImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  
 - Highest point near Ebright Azimuth[1]
447.85[1] ft  (136.5 m)
 - Mean 59 ft  (18 m)
 - Lowest point Atlantic Ocean[2]
0 ft  (0 m)
Admission to UnionImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  December 7, 1787 (1st)
GovernorImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Ruth Ann Minner (D)
U.S. SenatorsImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Joseph R. Biden, Jr. (D)
Thomas R. Carper (D)
Congressional DelegationImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif ListImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
Time zoneImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Abbreviations DEImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Del.Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif US-DEImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
Web site delaware.gov
.
Delaware (IPA: /ˈdɛləwɛər/) is a state located on the Atlantic Coast in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States.
^ ARTICLE from the Encyclopædia Britannica   county, Pennsylvania, United States county, southeastern Pennsylvania , U.S., located southwest of Philadelphia and bounded to the east by Cobbs Creek and to the south by New Jersey and Delaware, the Delaware River constituting the border.
  • Delaware (county, Pennsylvania, United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Delaware’s Ghost Towns The state of Delaware has a handful of ghost towns located along the now defunct Queen Anne’s Railroad line.
  • Delaware Haunted Houses & Haunted Houses In Delaware, Dover, Wilmington 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.hauntworld.com [Source type: General]

^ Neither large in size or membership the state plays a big role anchoring racquetball on the Atlantic Coast .
  • DARA > Home ( DNN 3.2.2 ) 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC dara.org [Source type: General]

[3]

Contents

State symbols

Main article: List of Delaware state symbols
The state's motto, "Liberty and Independence" is inscribed on the coat of arms, which is incorporated into both the state seal and the state flag. .The state's official nickname, "The First State" commemorates the fact that on December 7, 1787, Delaware became the first of the 13 original states to ratify the United States Constitution.^ Delaware, one of the original thirteen of the United States of America .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Delaware Trivia: Delaware was the first state to ratify the United States Constitution.
  • Delaware Private Golf Course Gated Communities and Luxury Homes at PrivateCommunities.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.privatecommunities.com [Source type: General]

^ He later led the ratification movement in Delaware, the first state to ratify.
  • NARA | The National Archives Experience 17 September 2009 3:48 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Original source]

[4] .Delaware has also been called the "Blue Hen State", referring to the official state bird, the Blue Hen Chicken, which was carried with the Delaware Revolutionary War soldiers for entertainment fighting, and the "Diamond State".[5] Along with other traditional symbols such as an official state tree (the American holly) and flower (the peach blossom), legislature has adopted the Delaware Diamond, the first star on the International Star Registry ever to be registered to an American State.^ Built ca 1798 by Charles Hillyard III, the house has been called home by doctors, judges, senators, and since the purchase by the state in 1965, it has been home to 8 Delaware governors.
  • Historical Museums of Delaware - A History Guide 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.censusfinder.com [Source type: General]

^ Delaware Overview: Delaware, the second smallest state, is often a haven for residents of its much larger neighboring states such as Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
  • Delaware Private Golf Course Gated Communities and Luxury Homes at PrivateCommunities.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.privatecommunities.com [Source type: General]

^ Delaware’s Ghost Towns The state of Delaware has a handful of ghost towns located along the now defunct Queen Anne’s Railroad line.
  • Delaware Haunted Houses & Haunted Houses In Delaware, Dover, Wilmington 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.hauntworld.com [Source type: General]

Geography

Map of Delaware
.Delaware is 96 miles long and ranges from 9 to 35 miles across, totaling 1,954 square miles and making it the second-smallest state in the United States after Rhode Island.^ Delaware Overview: Delaware, the second smallest state, is often a haven for residents of its much larger neighboring states such as Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
  • Delaware Private Golf Course Gated Communities and Luxury Homes at PrivateCommunities.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.privatecommunities.com [Source type: General]

^ Rehoboth Beach is Delaware's largest coastal resort town; The 87 foot Fenwick Island Lighthouse was painted in 1880 for a total cost of $5.00; The nation's first scheduled steam railroad began in New Castle, Delaware in 1831; The state of Delaware is only 96 miles long and varies from 9 to 35 miles in width; Horseshoe crabs may be viewed in large numbers on the Delaware shore in May.
  • Delaware Private Golf Course Gated Communities and Luxury Homes at PrivateCommunities.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.privatecommunities.com [Source type: General]

^ Delaware - Domestic Violence Incidents The total number of DV incidents in Delaware in 2000 as reported by the State Bureau of Identification was 26,250.

.Delaware is bounded to the north by Pennsylvania, to the east by the Delaware River, Delaware Bay, New Jersey and the Atlantic Ocean and to the west and south by Maryland.^ Places located in Delaware now, may have been in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, or Maryland previously.
  • Delaware Census Records |Delaware Census Finder| Delaware Census Links 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.censusfinder.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1656 the West India company sold its interests on the South River (called South as distinguished from the North River, as the Hudson was then called) to the City of Amsterdam , and the colony was called "New Amstel" and the authority of New Netherlands over it was ended.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Delaware Overview: Delaware, the second smallest state, is often a haven for residents of its much larger neighboring states such as Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
  • Delaware Private Golf Course Gated Communities and Luxury Homes at PrivateCommunities.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.privatecommunities.com [Source type: General]

.Small portions of Delaware are also situated on the far, or eastern, side of the Delaware River Estuary, and these small parcels share land boundaries with New Jersey.^ Delaware Overview: Delaware, the second smallest state, is often a haven for residents of its much larger neighboring states such as Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
  • Delaware Private Golf Course Gated Communities and Luxury Homes at PrivateCommunities.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.privatecommunities.com [Source type: General]

^ There's still a $3 fare for the Delaware Memorial Bridge, which is run jointly by Delaware and New Jersey and whose proceeds--which far outstrip the bridge's maintenance costs--benefit both states about equally.
  • TNR Online | Rogue State (print) 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC faculty.msb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Walter Wharton's Land Survey Register, 1675-1679 (Fl67/M99) is a transcription of surveys that Wharton made on the west side of the Delaware River between New Castle County and Bucks County, Pennsylvania.
  • Historical Society of Delaware - Delaware Genealogy 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.hsd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The state of Delaware, together with the Eastern Shore counties of Maryland and two counties of Virginia, form the Delmarva Peninsula, a geographical unit stretching far down the Mid-Atlantic Coast.^ Neither large in size or membership the state plays a big role anchoring racquetball on the Atlantic Coast .
  • DARA > Home ( DNN 3.2.2 ) 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC dara.org [Source type: General]

^ Delaware's flexible corporate laws and business-friendly state government have made it one of the best states in which to form a business.
  • Incorporate or Form an LLC in Delaware - DE Corporation or Limited Liability Company | Incorporate.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.incorporate.com [Source type: News]

^ Salisbury Maryland was almost included, since I think we should just annex the entire Eastern Shore of Maryland anyway, but until then, no dice!
  • The Web's Front Door to Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.dtcc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The definition of the northern boundary of the state is highly unusual. .Most of the boundary between Delaware and Pennsylvania is defined by an arc extending 12 miles (19 km) from the cupola of the courthouse in New Castle, and is referred to as the Twelve-Mile Circle.^ The ABC Delaware office is located in the Airport Industrial Park near the intersection of Route 13 & 273 in New Castle.

^ Delaware Overview: Delaware, the second smallest state, is often a haven for residents of its much larger neighboring states such as Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
  • Delaware Private Golf Course Gated Communities and Luxury Homes at PrivateCommunities.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.privatecommunities.com [Source type: General]

^ Delaware's magnificently preserved first capital, NEW CASTLE, fronts the broad Delaware River, just six miles south of Wilmington via Hwy-141.

.This is the only true-arc political boundary in the United States.^ In 1691, with Penn's consent, the lower counties, now the State of Delaware, became a separate Government, only to be again united to Pennsylvania in 1693.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Quotes from the US ACE article (blue text): Welcome to one of only two commercially vital sea-level canals in the United States.
  • Chesapeake and Delaware Canal (C & D Canal) 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.pennways.com [Source type: Academic]

.This border extends all of the way to the low-tide mark on the New Jersey shore, which continues down the shoreline until it again reaches the twelve-mile arc in the south; then the boundary continues in a more conventional way in the middle of the main channel (thalweg) of the Delaware River Estuary.^ Visit these other great state sites for more information about DE. Delaware by Hand Delaware Main Street Fun on the Farm ecoDelaware.com .

^ Delaware Overview: Delaware, the second smallest state, is often a haven for residents of its much larger neighboring states such as Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
  • Delaware Private Golf Course Gated Communities and Luxury Homes at PrivateCommunities.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.privatecommunities.com [Source type: General]

^ The boundaries of Delaware did not reach their present configuration until 1760, due primarily to the long battle over control of much of this territory waged by the Penn family of Pennsylvania and the Calvert family of Maryland.
  • Historical Society of Delaware - Delaware Genealogy 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.hsd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A portion of this arc extends into Maryland to the west, and the remaining western border is a tangent to this arc that runs a bit to the east.^ Between the Maryland line and the Interstate 295 split, Interstate 95 continues the east-west orientation that it attains east of Baltimore, Maryland.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They settled for a time in Maryland only to be forced north into Pennsylvania when settlement began along the east side of Chesapeake Bay.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Delaware had split into two groups: those in the west along the upper Ohio River; and the Munsee and about one-third of the Unami who had remained on the upper Susquehanna or the Wyoming Valley in the east.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Wedge of land between the arc and the Maryland border was claimed by both Delaware and Pennsylvania until 1921, when Delaware's claim was confirmed.^ The boundaries of Delaware did not reach their present configuration until 1760, due primarily to the long battle over control of much of this territory waged by the Penn family of Pennsylvania and the Calvert family of Maryland.
  • Historical Society of Delaware - Delaware Genealogy 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.hsd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Walter Wharton's Land Survey Register, 1675-1679 (Fl67/M99) is a transcription of surveys that Wharton made on the west side of the Delaware River between New Castle County and Bucks County, Pennsylvania.
  • Historical Society of Delaware - Delaware Genealogy 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.hsd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 11-mile tollway stretched between Maryland's Northeast Expressway eastward to the Delaware Memorial Bridge freeway (U.S. 40).
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Delaware is subdivided into three counties: from north to south, New Castle, Kent County and Sussex.^ County Ordinances Kent County <2> New Castle County <3> Sussex County <2> Click on the button keyed to the name of the county.
  • Delaware -- Sources [ ALSO! -- U.S. Law ] 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.lawsource.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Areas A-Z Dover 22 Kent County 102 Milford 7 New Castle County 284 Newark 59 Sussex County 295 Wilmington 126   60 Blog Posts View All Posts » REALTORS® - Get Your Listings on Point2 Homes Copyright © 1996-2009 Point2 Technologies Inc.
  • Delaware Real Estate, Delaware Homes for Sale, MLS Listings 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC homes.point2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Soon after George's birth in 1733 near the village of North East in Cecil County, MD, his family moved to New Castle, DE, where the youth, who was one of six sons, grew up.
  • NARA | The National Archives Experience 17 September 2009 3:48 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Original source]

See also: List of counties in Delaware
Main articles: Twelve-Mile Circle, The Wedge, Mason-Dixon line, Transpeninsular Line

Topography

.Delaware is on a level plain; the highest elevation, located at Ebright Azimuth, near Concord High School, Wilmington, does not even rise 450 feet above sea level.^ The ABC Delaware office is located in the Airport Industrial Park near the intersection of Route 13 & 273 in New Castle.

^ Delaware Polytech High School , in Dover Delaware (you must be a US Lacrosse member to attend - click here for membership information) .
  • Delaware Lacrosse Foundation 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.eteamz.com [Source type: General]

^ This scholarship is awarded to a Delaware County resident, or a graduate of a Delaware County public or private high school who is pursuing, or planning to pursue, a degree in agriculture.
  • Delaware Soil and Water Conservation District: Delaware County, Ohio 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC delawareswcd.org [Source type: General]

The northern part is associated with the Appalachian Piedmont and is full of hills with rolling surfaces. .South of Newark and Wilmington, the state follows the Atlantic Coastal Plain with flat, sandy, and, in some parts, swampy ground.^ Delaware being a border State, there was some distrust on the part of the Government, particularly as to the southern portion, and at times martial law prevailed.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He says that adults migrate to the tropics in the winter but that immature males congregate in coastal waters of the mid-Atlantic states.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

.A ridge about 75 to 80 feet in altitude extends along the western boundary of the state and is the drainage divide between the two major water bodies of the Delaware River and several streams falling into Chesapeake Bay in the west.^ Walter Wharton's Land Survey Register, 1675-1679 (Fl67/M99) is a transcription of surveys that Wharton made on the west side of the Delaware River between New Castle County and Bucks County, Pennsylvania.
  • Historical Society of Delaware - Delaware Genealogy 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.hsd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ODNR Division of Geological Survey will collaborate with the Delaware County Soil and Water Conservation District and the Upper Scioto River Watershed Project to locate and map karst features throughout western Delaware County.
  • Delaware Soil and Water Conservation District: Delaware County, Ohio 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC delawareswcd.org [Source type: General]

^ Join Jim “Coz” Costolnick and the BWO staff for a day of fly fishing the fabled waters where the East & West Branch of the Upper Delaware River System join to form the famous Main stem of the Delaware.

Climate

.Since almost all of Delaware is a part of the Atlantic Coastal Plain, the climate is moderated by the effects of the ocean.^ Delaware Weather: The state of Delaware transitions from a humid subtropical climate to a continental climate, with its climate being moderated by the effects of the ocean.
  • Delaware Private Golf Course Gated Communities and Luxury Homes at PrivateCommunities.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.privatecommunities.com [Source type: General]

^ The wills abstracted in these volumes, as well as all of Delaware's surviving probated wills since then, are in the Delaware Public Archives.
  • Historical Society of Delaware - Delaware Genealogy 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.hsd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The state is somewhat of a transitional zone between a humid subtropical climate and a continental climate.^ Delaware Weather: The state of Delaware transitions from a humid subtropical climate to a continental climate, with its climate being moderated by the effects of the ocean.
  • Delaware Private Golf Course Gated Communities and Luxury Homes at PrivateCommunities.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.privatecommunities.com [Source type: General]

.Despite its small size (roughly 100 miles from its northernmost to southernmost points), there is significant variation in mean temperature and amount of snowfall between Sussex County and New Castle County.^ Founded in the 1650s by the Dutch – who were intent on expanding from their colony at New Amsterdam, and taken over by the British in 1664, New Castle was the main stopping point between Baltimore and Philadelphia.

^ Delaware's magnificently preserved first capital, NEW CASTLE, fronts the broad Delaware River, just six miles south of Wilmington via Hwy-141.

^ Walter Wharton's Land Survey Register, 1675-1679 (Fl67/M99) is a transcription of surveys that Wharton made on the west side of the Delaware River between New Castle County and Bucks County, Pennsylvania.
  • Historical Society of Delaware - Delaware Genealogy 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.hsd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The southern portion of the State has a somewhat milder climate and a longer growing season than the northern portion of the State.^ Delaware being a border State, there was some distrust on the part of the Government, particularly as to the southern portion, and at times martial law prevailed.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Will travel anywhere in the Midwest or the Southern states for the Winter season.
  • Portable and Mobile Rock Climbing Walls 17 September 2009 3:48 UTC www.indoorclimbing.com [Source type: General]

.Furthermore, the transitional climate of Delaware supports a surprising variety of vegetation.^ Delaware Weather: The state of Delaware transitions from a humid subtropical climate to a continental climate, with its climate being moderated by the effects of the ocean.
  • Delaware Private Golf Course Gated Communities and Luxury Homes at PrivateCommunities.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.privatecommunities.com [Source type: General]

.At Trap Pond State Park in Sussex County, bald cypress grow—this is thought to be one of the northernmost stands of these trees.^ Lums Pond State Park had HOODED MERGANSERS in the remaining open water there.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ NJ Extralimitals: A SNOWY OWL was seen at the first parking lot on the right with the boat launch at Liberty State Park in Hudson County on Dec 12.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ The count circle includes Trap Pond SP, Nanticoke Wildlife Area, Old Furnace Wildlife Area, a number of ponds in Seaford and Laurel and the Sussex Landfill.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

.The vegetation in New Castle County, on the other hand, is more typical of that of the northeastern United States.^ Local Rules and Other Documents All Indiana counties are required to have local court rules, some of which must be approved by the Indiana Supreme Court (See Indiana Trial Rule 81 for more information).
  • Delaware County Courts - Indiana 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.in.gov [Source type: General]

^ The New Castle County Courthouse is located in Wilmington, where the court is housed in a modern recently built courthouse.
  • First State Judiciary - Superior Court of Delaware--Official Web Site 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC courts.state.de.us [Source type: News]

^ In microfilm, the Historical Society library has First Papers 1832-1906 and Final Papers 1798-1906 for New Castle County (Microfilm Del.-6).
  • Historical Society of Delaware - Delaware Genealogy 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.hsd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All parts of Delaware have relatively hot, humid summers.^ Delaware generally has hot, humid summers.
  • Delaware Private Golf Course Gated Communities and Luxury Homes at PrivateCommunities.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.privatecommunities.com [Source type: General]

.While Sussex and Kent Counties are considered to fall in the humid subtropical climate zone, there is some debate about whether northern New Castle County falls in the humid subtropical climate zone or warm continental climate.^ County Ordinances Kent County <2> New Castle County <3> Sussex County <2> Click on the button keyed to the name of the county.
  • Delaware -- Sources [ ALSO! -- U.S. Law ] 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.lawsource.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Delaware Weather: The state of Delaware transitions from a humid subtropical climate to a continental climate, with its climate being moderated by the effects of the ocean.
  • Delaware Private Golf Course Gated Communities and Luxury Homes at PrivateCommunities.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.privatecommunities.com [Source type: General]

^ The New Castle County Courthouse is located in Wilmington, where the court is housed in a modern recently built courthouse.
  • First State Judiciary - Superior Court of Delaware--Official Web Site 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC courts.state.de.us [Source type: News]

History

Main article: History of Delaware

Native Americans

.Before Delaware was settled by European colonists, the area was home to the Eastern Algonquian tribes known as the Unami Lenape or Delaware throughout the Delaware valley, and the Nanticoke along the rivers leading into the Chesapeake Bay.^ When the English began colonizing New Jersey and the lower Delaware after 1666, the Lenape were generally hostile because they were aware of the mistreatment given the Powhatan and Nanticoke (many of whom had joined the Lenape) by the Virginia and Maryland colonists.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This was the first visit of a European , so far as known, to the territory now called Delaware.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Unfortunately, most of the beaver in the Delaware Valley were gone by 1640, so the Swedes tended to ignore the Lenape in favor of the Susquehannock.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Unami Lenape in the Delaware Valley were closely related to Munsee Lenape tribes along the Hudson River.^ Not only did this dramatically escalate the violence in the Beaver Wars in the St. Lawrence Valley and Great Lakes, but it upset the balance of power along the lower Hudson.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Unfortunately, most of the beaver in the Delaware Valley were gone by 1640, so the Swedes tended to ignore the Lenape in favor of the Susquehannock.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By 1700 the Unalactigo had been absorbed by the Unami and in many ways the Munsee had become a separate tribe.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.They had a settled hunting and agricultural society, and they rapidly became middlemen in an increasingly frantic fur trade with their ancient enemy, the Minqua or Susquehannock.^ Beginning about 1626, they were attacked by the Susquehannock (Minqua) from the Susquehanna Valley to the west.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This allowed the Lenape to participate in the fur trade but created major changes in their society as their men became hunters for profit.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Trade with their enemies was something the Mohawk would not tolerate, and they attacked the Mahican.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.With the loss of their lands on the Delaware River and the destruction of the Minqua by the Iroquois of the Five Nations in the 1670s, the remnants of the Lenape left the region and moved over the Alleghany Mountains by the mid-18th century.^ Gloucester County: On Dec 22, a COMMON GOLDENEYE, 2 REDHEADS and 157 CANVASBACKS could be seen from the National Park Delaware River overlook.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ In April 1867 the Delaware and Cherokee signed an agreement whereby the Delaware would pay $280,000 for Cherokee land in northern Oklahoma and become part of the Cherokee Nation.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Between 1630 and 1635, the Susquehannock attacked Lenape villages in southeast Pennsylvania and drove them across the Delaware River into New Jersey or south into northern Delaware.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

Colonial Delaware

.The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle in present-day Delaware by establishing a trading post at Zwaanendael, near the site of Lewes in 1631. Within a year all the settlers were killed in a dispute with Native Americans.^ Names Delaware is not a Native American name.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Within a few years, the Dutch had expanded their trade to include the Delaware and Connecticut Rivers.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the spring of 1631 a ship carrying emigrants reached the Delaware, and a colony was planted near Cape Henlopen, on Lewes Creek, the colonists giving the country the name of Swaanendael.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1638 a Swedish trading post and colony was established at Fort Christina (now in Wilmington) by the Dutchman Peter Minuit at the head of a group of Swedes, Finns and Dutch.^ In 1638 an expedition consisting of two ships carrying some fifty Swedish emigrants, and commanded by Peter Minuit, the deposed Governor of the New Netherlands colony, commissioned by the Swedish Queen Christina, entered Delaware Bay, and the present site of Wilmington was chosen as the place for the first settlement.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1655, on the appearance of a Dutch fleet, all the forts and settlements were surrendered, and such Swedes as would not take the oath of allegiance were sent to the home country.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The first church erected was in 1638 within Fort Christina, and the second in 1643 near New Castle.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.Thirteen years later the Dutch, reinvigorated by the leadership of Peter Stuyvesant, established a new fort in 1651 at present-day New Castle, and in 1655 they took over the entire Swedish colony, incorporating it into the Dutch New Netherland.^ The Dutch finally seized the Swedish colony on the lower Delaware in 1655.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1638 an expedition consisting of two ships carrying some fifty Swedish emigrants, and commanded by Peter Minuit, the deposed Governor of the New Netherlands colony, commissioned by the Swedish Queen Christina, entered Delaware Bay, and the present site of Wilmington was chosen as the place for the first settlement.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During those years Delaware was governed from a distance, so early colonial documents might be found in many places, including the archives of New York State and Pennsylvania, as well as those of Sweden, the Netherlands, and Great Britain.
  • Historical Society of Delaware - Delaware Genealogy 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.hsd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Only nine years later, in 1664, the Dutch were themselves forcibly removed by a British expedition under the direction of James, the Duke of York.^ Settled first by the Swedes in 1638, control of the area subsequently passed to the Dutch and then to the English, who ruled through James, Duke of York until he granted the land to William Penn in 1682.
  • Historical Society of Delaware - Delaware Genealogy 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.hsd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Under attack from all directions, the Esopus made peace with the Dutch in May, 1664.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.Fighting off a prior claim by Cæcilius Calvert, Proprietor of Maryland, the Duke passed his somewhat dubious ownership on to William Penn in 1682. Penn strongly desired access to the sea for his Pennsylvania province and leased what then came to be known as the "Lower Counties on the Delaware" from the Duke.^ Settled first by the Swedes in 1638, control of the area subsequently passed to the Dutch and then to the English, who ruled through James, Duke of York until he granted the land to William Penn in 1682.
  • Historical Society of Delaware - Delaware Genealogy 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.hsd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The boundaries of Delaware did not reach their present configuration until 1760, due primarily to the long battle over control of much of this territory waged by the Penn family of Pennsylvania and the Calvert family of Maryland.
  • Historical Society of Delaware - Delaware Genealogy 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.hsd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to the charter to William Penn in 1681, the territory of Pennsylvania was bounded on the south by a circle drawn twelve miles distant from the town of New Castle northward and westward, the territory on the Delaware as far down as what was then called Cape Henlopen remaining to the Duke of York.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.Penn established representative government and briefly combined his two possessions under one General Assembly in 1682. However, by 1704 the Province of Pennsylvania had grown so large that their representatives wanted to make decisions without the assent of the Lower Counties and the two groups of representatives began meeting on their own, one at Philadelphia, and the other at New Castle.^ Walter Wharton's Land Survey Register, 1675-1679 (Fl67/M99) is a transcription of surveys that Wharton made on the west side of the Delaware River between New Castle County and Bucks County, Pennsylvania.
  • Historical Society of Delaware - Delaware Genealogy 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.hsd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The "Counties of New Castle, Kent and Sussex upon Delaware" as they were called, began to be governed by a separate assembly, and though the authority of the Governor of Pennsylvania was still acknowledged, the legislature and tribunals were not appreciably affected by any external authority.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ To counter this, the Dutch reversed their previous policy and began selling large guns and ammunition to the Mohawk and Mahican in whatever amounts they wanted.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.Penn and his heirs remained Proprietors of both and always appointed the same person Governor for their Province of Pennsylvania and their territory of the Lower Counties.^ In 1691, with Penn's consent, the lower counties, now the State of Delaware, became a separate Government, only to be again united to Pennsylvania in 1693.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

American Revolution

.Like the other middle colonies, the Lower Counties on the Delaware initially showed little enthusiasm for a break with Britain.^ In 1691, with Penn's consent, the lower counties, now the State of Delaware, became a separate Government, only to be again united to Pennsylvania in 1693.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Use this free Delaware genealogy search engine to find records submitted by other researchers like yourself.
  • Free Delaware Genealogy Search Engines | Surname Search 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ancestorhunt.com [Source type: General]

^ The representatives of the three lower counties upon the Delaware were members of the continental Congresses of 1774 and 1775, and voted for the adoption of the Declaration of Independence in 1776.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.The citizenry had a good relationship with the Proprietary government, and generally were allowed more independence of action in their Colonial Assembly than in other colonies.^ The Council on Foundations is a membership organization of more than 2,000 grantmaking foundations and giving programsworldwide.We provide leadership expertise, legal services and networking opportunities-among other services to our membersand to the general public.
  • Delaware Division of the Arts - Resources for Organizations 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.artsdel.org [Source type: News]

^ Where you live: Urban areas have more claims than rural areas and some areas have more frequent accidents than others.
  • Karen Weldin Stewart, CIR-ML, Delaware's Insurance Commissioner 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.delawareinsurance.gov [Source type: General]

^ In instances where more than l4 days will be necessary to complete the age-appropriate immunization schedule, an extension may be allowed in order to obtain the required immunizations.
  • Delaware State Vaccine Requirements - National Vaccine Information Center 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.nvic.org [Source type: Original source]

.Nevertheless, there was strong objection to the seemingly arbitrary measures of Parliament, and it was well understood that the territory's very existence as a separate entity depended upon its keeping step with its powerful neighbors, especially Pennsylvania.^ There was no concept of individual land ownership, but Lenape separated to defined family hunting territories (sometimes community owned) in the winter.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

So it was that New Castle lawyer Thomas McKean denounced the Stamp Act in the strongest terms, and Kent County native John Dickinson, became the "Penman of the Revolution." Anticipating the Declaration of Independence, Patriot leaders Thomas McKean and Caesar Rodney convinced the Colonial Assembly to declare itself separated from British and Pennsylvania rule on June 15, 1776, but the person best representing Delaware's majority, George Read, could not bring himself to vote for a Declaration of Independence. .Only the dramatic overnight ride of Caesar Rodney gave the delegation the votes needed to cast Delaware's vote for Independence.^ The representatives of the three lower counties upon the Delaware were members of the continental Congresses of 1774 and 1775, and voted for the adoption of the Declaration of Independence in 1776.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ While the Delaware intended to maintain a separate identity and tribal organization, they assumed the purchase gave them full voting rights and citizenship in Cherokee Nation.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

Once the Declaration was adopted, however, Read signed the document.
Initially led by John Haslet, Delaware provided one of the premier regiments in the Continental Army, known as the "Delaware Blues" and nicknamed the "Blue Hen Chickens." In August 1777, General Sir William Howe led a British army through Delaware on his way to a victory at the Battle of Brandywine and capture of the city of Philadelphia. .The only real engagement on Delaware soil was fought on September 3, 1777, at Cooch's Bridge in New Castle County.^ Walter Wharton's Land Survey Register, 1675-1679 (Fl67/M99) is a transcription of surveys that Wharton made on the west side of the Delaware River between New Castle County and Bucks County, Pennsylvania.
  • Historical Society of Delaware - Delaware Genealogy 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.hsd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of special interest are Reconstructed Tax Assessment Records, 1803-1804 (Microfiche 85.18); New Castle County Assessment Records, 1816-1817 (Microfiche 85.20); and U.S. Internal Revenue Lists for Delaware, 1862-1866 (Microfilm US2).
  • Historical Society of Delaware - Delaware Genealogy 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.hsd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The New Castle County Courthouse is located in Wilmington, where the court is housed in a modern recently built courthouse.
  • First State Judiciary - Superior Court of Delaware--Official Web Site 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC courts.state.de.us [Source type: News]

It is believed to be the first time that the Stars and Stripes was flown in battle.
Following the Battle of Brandywine, Wilmington was occupied by the British, and State President John McKinly was taken prisoner. .The British remained in control of the Delaware River for much of the rest of the war, disrupting commerce and providing encouragement to an active Loyalist portion of the population, particularly in Sussex County.^ Gloucester County: On Dec 22, a COMMON GOLDENEYE, 2 REDHEADS and 157 CANVASBACKS could be seen from the National Park Delaware River overlook.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ At the outbreak of the War of 1812 (1812-14), most Delaware, Shawnee and Wyandot remained neutral or supported the Americans.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They also sold their remaining lands in the Susquehanna and Wyoming Valleys which resulted in a civil war as Connecticut and Pennsylvania militias fought each other for control of the area.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

Only the repeated military activities of State President Caesar Rodney were able to control them.
.Following the American Revolution, statesmen from Delaware were among the leading proponents of a strong central United States government with equal representation for each state.^ Quiet neighborhoods and historic buildings characterize many of the cities located in central Delaware but the state is also home to the popular Dover International Speedway and Dover Downs Complex.
  • Delaware Private Golf Course Gated Communities and Luxury Homes at PrivateCommunities.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.privatecommunities.com [Source type: General]

^ Delaware, one of the original thirteen of the United States of America .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Indiana became a state in 1816 and immediately began to pressure the federal government for the removal of Native Americans from its territory.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.Once the Connecticut Compromise was reached—creating a U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives—the leaders in Delaware were able to easily secure ratification of the U.S. Constitution on December 7, 1787, making Delaware the first state to do so.^ Delaware Trivia: Delaware was the first state to ratify the United States Constitution.
  • Delaware Private Golf Course Gated Communities and Luxury Homes at PrivateCommunities.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.privatecommunities.com [Source type: General]

^ Delaware is a four-season destination - come here any time of the year to enjoy a different perspective on the "First State."

^ In April the newcomers decided to encourage the Delaware to leave the area by setting fire to the house of Teedyuskung, the Delaware sachem who had been the first to make peace with the British at Easton in 1756.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

Slavery and race

Many colonial settlers came from Maryland and Virginia which had been experiencing a population boom. The economies of these colonies were largely based on tobacco and were increasingly dependent on slave labor. At the end of the colonial period, slavery in Delaware began a precipitous decline. Shifts in the agriculture economy, the efforts of local Methodists and Quakers, and greater governmental regulation were all factors. Attempts to abolish slavery failed by narrow margins. .By the 1860 census there were only about 1,800 slaves in a state of 90,000 people, including nearly 20,000 free African Americans.^ In 1900 the total attendance in the free schools of the State was 28,753, nearly equally as to sex, of which number 24,868 were whites, and 3883 were negroes .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For the Circulation pump I use an 800 gph bilge pump with about 6 feet of hose and a 90 degree valve inside the tube.

^ The 1910 census gave about the same result, but the current Delaware population has recovered to almost 16,000, most of whom live in Oklahoma.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

When he freed his slaves in 1777, John Dickinson was Delaware's largest slave owner with 37 slaves. By 1860 the largest owner had 16 slaves.
The oldest black church in the country was chartered in Delaware by former slave Peter Spencer in 1813 as the "Union Church of Africans," which is now the A.U.M.P. Church. The Big August Quarterly began in 1814 and is the oldest such cultural festival in the country.
.During the American Civil War, Delaware was a slave state that remained in the Union (Delaware voted not to secede on January 3, 1861).^ Prior to the Civil War, Delaware was classed with the Southern, or slave-holding, States.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In January, 1861, a commissioner from Mississippi appeared before the Delaware legislature and invited the State to join the Southern confederacy.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During the Revolutionary War Delaware enlisted, including Continental soldiers and militia, a total of 3763 men.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.Delaware had been the first state to embrace the Union by ratifying the constitution and would be the last to leave it, according to Delaware's governor at the time.^ Delaware Trivia: Delaware was the first state to ratify the United States Constitution.
  • Delaware Private Golf Course Gated Communities and Luxury Homes at PrivateCommunities.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.privatecommunities.com [Source type: General]

^ Delaware is a four-season destination - come here any time of the year to enjoy a different perspective on the "First State."

^ In the election of November, 1860, the State's electoral vote was given to John C. Breckinridge, who stood for the constitutional rights of the Southern States, while at the same time all the political parties within the State pledge their loyalty to the Union.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.While most Delaware citizens who fought in the war served in the regiments of the state, some served in companies on the Confederate side in Maryland and Virginia Regiments.^ At the outbreak of the War of 1812 (1812-14), most Delaware, Shawnee and Wyandot remained neutral or supported the Americans.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Prior to the Civil War, Delaware was classed with the Southern, or slave-holding, States.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For the most part, the Lenape in the Delaware Valley had not participated in the Esopus war, not because they had no sympathy for the Munsee, but because they had their hands full helping the Susquehannock in their war with the Iroquois.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.Delaware is notable for being the only slave state not to assemble Confederate regiments or militia groups on its own.^ Prior to the Civil War, Delaware was classed with the Southern, or slave-holding, States.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1691, with Penn's consent, the lower counties, now the State of Delaware, became a separate Government, only to be again united to Pennsylvania in 1693.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore, the sale of land by Cherokee in 1867 had only given the Delaware the right to occupy the land during their own lifetimes.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

Demographics

Delaware Population Density Map
{{US .DemogTable|Delaware|03-10.csv|= | 77.65| 20.28| 0.79| 2.43| 0.09|= | 4.10| 0.59| 0.12| 0.04| 0.02|= | 76.01| 21.51| 0.79| 3.01| 0.09|= | 5.39| 0.58| 0.14| 0.04| 0.02|= | 5.37| 14.20| 7.91| 33.58| 12.73|= | 3.36| 14.46| 4.94| 34.00| 15.17|= | 41.33| 5.47| 24.81| 8.81| 2.86}} The five largest ancestries in Delaware are: African American (19.2%), Irish (16.6%), German (14.3%), English (12.1%), Italian (9.3%).^ At the outbreak of the War of 1812 (1812-14), most Delaware, Shawnee and Wyandot remained neutral or supported the Americans.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Hawk Mountain Sanctuary Hawk Watch reported NORTHERN GOSHAWKS on Dec 10 & Dec 12 and GOLDEN EAGLES on Dec 10-12 & Dec 14.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ Ancestries: United States (12.2%), English (10.5%), German (8.6%), Irish (6.6%), French (2.9%), Scotch-Irish (2.0%).
  • Greenwood, Delaware (DE 19950) Detailed Profile - relocation, real estate, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, move, moving, houses news, sex offenders 17 September 2009 3:48 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Delaware has the highest proportion of African American residents of any state north of Maryland, and had the largest population of free blacks (17%) prior to the Civil War.^ Prior to the Civil War, Delaware was classed with the Southern, or slave-holding, States.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Delaware Overview: Delaware, the second smallest state, is often a haven for residents of its much larger neighboring states such as Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
  • Delaware Private Golf Course Gated Communities and Luxury Homes at PrivateCommunities.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.privatecommunities.com [Source type: General]

^ Two centuries of standing in front of the European advance across North America had cost the Delaware 90% of their original population and left them scattered from Texas to Canada.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.The center of population of Delaware is located in New Castle County, in the town of Townsend.^ Delaware, Ohio is located in Delaware County .
  • Delaware News - Topix 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: General]

^ Walter Wharton's Land Survey Register, 1675-1679 (Fl67/M99) is a transcription of surveys that Wharton made on the west side of the Delaware River between New Castle County and Bucks County, Pennsylvania.
  • Historical Society of Delaware - Delaware Genealogy 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.hsd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of special interest are Reconstructed Tax Assessment Records, 1803-1804 (Microfiche 85.18); New Castle County Assessment Records, 1816-1817 (Microfiche 85.20); and U.S. Internal Revenue Lists for Delaware, 1862-1866 (Microfilm US2).
  • Historical Society of Delaware - Delaware Genealogy 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.hsd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]

Languages

As of 2000, 90.5% of Delaware residents age 5 and older speak only English at home; 4.7% speak Spanish. French is the third most spoken language at 0.7%, followed by Chinese at 0.5% and German at 0.5%.
In 2006, legislation was proposed in Delaware that would designate English as the official language.[7][8]

Religion

The religious affiliations of the people of Delaware are:
Delaware is home to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Wilmington and the Episcopal Diocese of Delaware. .The A.U.M.P. Church, the oldest African-American denomination in the nation, was founded in Wilmington and still has a very substantial presence in the state.^ SPARROWS reported included GRASSHOPPER, CLAY-COLORED, and LINCOLN'S. An AMERICAN TREE SPARROW was also found; very few were reported this year.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

Delaware also hosts an Islamic mosque in the Ogletown area, as well as a Hindu temple in Hockessin.
.Delaware is home to approximately 20,000 Jews, who are served by the Jewish Community Center in Brandywine (outside of Wilmington) and by a number of educational, social and cultural agencies supported by the Jewish Federation of Delaware.^ Search 2.6 million residential real estate listings of houses and homes for sale in Delaware by city and community.
  • Delaware Real Estate Listings, Homes for Sale | Prices of Houses in Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.househunt.com [Source type: General]

^ Social Venture Partners Delaware 100 W. 10th Street, Suite 704 Wilmington, DE 19801 Telephone: 302-571-1535, x.
  • Delaware Division of the Arts - Resources for Organizations 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.artsdel.org [Source type: News]

^ The Jazz Journeys Educational Institute is a 501 (c)(3), non-profit cultural organization, with offices in Center City Philadelphia, Voorhees, New Jersey and Wilmington, Delaware.
  • Delaware Division of the Arts - Resources for Organizations 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.artsdel.org [Source type: News]

Synagogues include Congregation Beth Emeth (Reform) in Wilmington, Congregation Beth El (Reconstructionist) in Newark, and Congregation Beth Shalom (Conservative) in Wilmington, Congregation Beth Sholom (Conservative) in Dover, and Adas Kodesh Shel Emeth (Traditional) in Wilmington. There is also a Lubavitcher community center and synagogue in Brandywine.

Economy

"Picking Peaches in Delaware" from an 1878 issue of Harper's Weekly
The gross state product of Delaware in 2003 was $49 billion. .The per capita personal income was $34,199, ranking 9th in the nation.^ Estimated per capita income in 2007: $17,912 .
  • Greenwood, Delaware (DE 19950) Detailed Profile - relocation, real estate, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, move, moving, houses news, sex offenders 17 September 2009 3:48 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In 2005, the average weekly wage was $937, ranking 7th in the nation.[9]
Delaware's agricultural output consists of poultry, nursery stock, soybeans, dairy products and corn. .Its industrial outputs include chemical products, processed foods, paper products, and rubber and plastic products.^ Construction (15%) Food (9%) Public administration (9%) Miscellaneous manufacturing (7%) Professional, scientific, and technical services (5%) Truck transportation (4%) Plastics and rubber products (4%) Most common industries for females (%): .
  • Greenwood, Delaware (DE 19950) Detailed Profile - relocation, real estate, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, move, moving, houses news, sex offenders 17 September 2009 3:48 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Delaware's economy generally outperforms the national economy of the United States.^ Delaware, one of the original thirteen of the United States of America .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ State Adoption Contact in Delaware can be a valuable source of information about adoption in general and more specifically about the state's child adoption program.
  • Delaware Child Adoption Agencies, Laws, Types, Assistance Programs and More 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.adoptionservices.org [Source type: General]

^ Although the Osage had ceded the land to the United States in 1808, they continued to use it for hunting and when they encountered Delaware, they regarded them as intruders.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

The state's largest employers are:
.Dover Air Force Base, located in the state capital of Dover, is one of the largest Air Force bases in the country and is a major employer in Delaware.^ Delaware's flexible corporate laws and business-friendly state government have made it one of the best states in which to form a business.
  • Incorporate or Form an LLC in Delaware - DE Corporation or Limited Liability Company | Incorporate.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.incorporate.com [Source type: News]

^ Delaware, one of the original thirteen of the United States of America .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One new species, Roseate Spoonbill, was added to the Delaware State Bird List bringing the total to 403 species.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

.In addition to its other responsibilities, the base serves as the entry point and mortuary for American military persons (and some U.S. government civilians) who die overseas.^ But beware: Some policies state specifically that no other person is covered when driving your car.
  • Karen Weldin Stewart, CIR-ML, Delaware's Insurance Commissioner 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.delawareinsurance.gov [Source type: General]

^ Other CHSP highlights from Friday and Sunday: Nice male American Kestrel on The Point.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

.Delaware has 6 different income tax brackets, ranging from 2.2% to 5.95%.^ Exit 5 is unusual in that it involves four different roadways (Interstates 95, 295, 495 and U.S. 202 & Delaware 141).
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The state does not assess sales tax on consumers. The state does, however, impose a tax on the gross receipts of most businesses. Business and occupational license tax rates range from 0.096% to 1.92%, depending on the category of business activity.
Delaware does not assess a state-level tax on real or personal property. .Real estate is subject to county property taxes, school district property taxes, vocational school district taxes, and, if located within an incorporated area, municipal property taxes.^ Real estate listings include new homes for sale, resale homes, condos and commercial property.
  • Delaware Real Estate, Delaware Homes for Sale, MLS Listings 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC homes.point2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Search the National Register for historic properties Search the Library of Congress National Historic Landmark search Housing & Real Estate .
  • Delaware, Delaware (DE) - Sperling's BestPlaces 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: General]

^ New Castle County VoTech School District .
  • Delaware School URLs 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.k12.de.us [Source type: News]

Title 4, chapter 7 of the Delaware Code stipulates that alcoholic liquor only be sold in specifically licensed establishments, and only between 9:00 AM and 1:00 AM.[11]

Transportation

.The transportation system in Delaware is under the governance and supervision of the Delaware Department of Transportation, also known as "DelDOT".[12][13] DelDOT manages programs such as a Delaware Adopt-a-Highway program, major road route snow removal, traffic control infrastructure (signs and signals), toll road management, Delaware Division of Motor Vehicles, the Delaware Transit Corporation (branded as "DART First State", the state government public transportation organization), among others.^ Delaware's flexible corporate laws and business-friendly state government have made it one of the best states in which to form a business.
  • Incorporate or Form an LLC in Delaware - DE Corporation or Limited Liability Company | Incorporate.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.incorporate.com [Source type: News]

^ The Granstmanship Center offers grantsmanship training and low-cost publications to nonprofit organizations and government agencies.
  • Delaware Division of the Arts - Resources for Organizations 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.artsdel.org [Source type: News]

^ Indiana became a state in 1816 and immediately began to pressure the federal government for the removal of Native Americans from its territory.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.Almost ninety percent of the state's public roadway miles are under the direct maintenance of DelDOT which far exceeds the United States national average of twenty percent for state department of transportation maintenance responsibility; the remaining public road miles are under the supervision of individual municipalities.^ The National Endowment for the Arts is the federal grantmaking agency created by Congress in 1965 to foster the excellence, diversity, and vitality of the arts, and to broaden public access to the arts in the United States.
  • Delaware Division of the Arts - Resources for Organizations 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.artsdel.org [Source type: News]

^ Although under the supervision of the Oneida and Cayuga, most of the Munsee were allowed to remain on their original lands, now claimed by the Iroquois.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.One major branch of the U.S. Interstate Highway System, Interstate 95, crosses Delaware southwest-to-northeast across New Castle County.^ Interstate 95 Delaware Offsite Links .
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Interstate 95 Highway Guides .
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads .
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition to I-95, there are six U.S. highways that serve Delaware: U.S. Route 9, U.S. Route 13, U.S. Route 40, U.S. Route 113, U.S. Route 202, and U.S. Route 301.^ To remedy this situation in our opinion, a new flyover should be constructed serving the Interstate 95 southbound movement to Delaware 896 south.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Interstate 95 Delaware Guide - Highway Guides for Delaware Interstates - U.S. Routes - State Routes .
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The bridge features six lanes with the addition of an exit-only or auxiliary lane in each direction for the adjacent interchanges: Exit 7 - Delaware 52 and Exit 8 - U.S. 202 & Delaware 202.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are also several state highways that cross the state of Delaware; a few of them include Delaware Route 1, Delaware Route 9, and Delaware Route 404.^ Within a few years, the Dutch had expanded their trade to include the Delaware and Connecticut Rivers.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Other Delaware groups without federal or state recognition include: the Brotherton Indians (Wisconsin) and the Eastern Lenapi Nation (Pennsylvania).
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It was thought several decades ago to convert the Delaware Turnpike into an express/local configuration similar to that of Interstate 270 in the state of Maryland.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

U.S. 13 and DE Rt. .1 are primary north-south highways connecting Wilmington and Pennsylvania with Maryland, with DE 1 serving as the main route between Wilmington and the Delaware beaches.^ The 11-mile tollway stretched between Maryland's Northeast Expressway eastward to the Delaware Memorial Bridge freeway (U.S. 40).
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Delaware Reference Numbers: 56 - Maryland state line to Interstate 295 59 - Interstate 295 to Pennsylvania state line .
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Between 1630 and 1635, the Susquehannock attacked Lenape villages in southeast Pennsylvania and drove them across the Delaware River into New Jersey or south into northern Delaware.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

DE Rt. .9 is a north-south highway connecting Dover and Wilmington via a scenic route along the Delaware Bay.^ Loop ramps provide the movements between the turnpike north to Christiana Road west and Delaware 273 west to Interstate 95 south.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They settled for a time in Maryland only to be forced north into Pennsylvania when settlement began along the east side of Chesapeake Bay.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the mid 1970s cloverleaf ramps were constructed for the Interstate 95 south to Delaware 7 southbound movement and Delaware 7 north to Interstate 95 southbound movement.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.U.S. 40, is a primary east-west route, connecting Maryland with New Jersey.^ Between the Maryland line and the Interstate 295 split, Interstate 95 continues the east-west orientation that it attains east of Baltimore, Maryland.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Raritan retreated west into New Jersey, and Kieft's generous offer netted him only one head.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

DE Rt. .404 is another primary east-west highway connecting the Chesapeake Bay Bridge in Maryland with the Delaware beaches.^ Between the Maryland line and the Interstate 295 split, Interstate 95 continues the east-west orientation that it attains east of Baltimore, Maryland.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 11-mile tollway stretched between Maryland's Northeast Expressway eastward to the Delaware Memorial Bridge freeway (U.S. 40).
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The limited access highway was to travel northward from the Summit Bridge to the Delaware Turnpike southeast of Newark at Exit 2.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The state also operates two toll highways, the Delaware Turnpike, which is Interstate 95 between Maryland and New Castle and the Korean War Veterans Memorial Highway, which is DE Rt.^ Entering the Delaware Turnpike Toll Plaza on Interstate 95 south.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Interstate 95 Delaware Offsite Links .
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Interstate 95 Highway Guides .
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.1 between Dover and Interstate 95 between Wilmington and Newark.^ Interstate 95 through the city of Wilmington .
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Between the Maryland line and the Interstate 295 split, Interstate 95 continues the east-west orientation that it attains east of Baltimore, Maryland.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Until 1976 the junction between Delaware 7 (Stanton Christiana Road) and Interstate 95 consisted of a partial access interchange.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A bicycle route, Delaware Bicycle Route 1, spans the north-south length of the state from the Maryland border in Fenwick Island to the Pennsylvania border north of Montchanin.^ Delaware Reference Numbers: 56 - Maryland state line to Interstate 295 59 - Interstate 295 to Pennsylvania state line .
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pennsylvania once again offered a bounty for Delaware scalps, and Colonel John Armstrong attacked the Delaware village at Big Island.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Loop ramps provide the movements between the turnpike north to Christiana Road west and Delaware 273 west to Interstate 95 south.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is the first of several signed bike routes planned in Delaware.^ Meanwhile, General Thomas Gage had rejected Bradstreet's treaty with the Delaware, Shawnee, and Mingo because it had been signed without first consulting William Johnson.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

[14]
.Delaware has around 1,450 bridges, of which ninety-five percent are under the supervision of DelDOT. About thirty percent of all Delaware bridges were built prior to 1950 and about sixty percent of the number are included in the National Bridge Inventory.^ Shingas - now known as "Shingas the Terrible" - raided settlements along the Susquehanna and invited the Delaware living there under Iroquois supervision to join his war parties.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ With the large number of Common Eider being reported all along the Delaware coast this season including good numbers of adult males, I expect a bumper crop this year.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

.Some bridges not under DelDOT supervision includes the four bridges on the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal, which is under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and the Delaware Memorial Bridge, which is under the bi-state Delaware River and Bay Authority.^ The 11-mile tollway stretched between Maryland's Northeast Expressway eastward to the Delaware Memorial Bridge freeway (U.S. 40).
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Within a few years, the Dutch had expanded their trade to include the Delaware and Connecticut Rivers.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Shingas - now known as "Shingas the Terrible" - raided settlements along the Susquehanna and invited the Delaware living there under Iroquois supervision to join his war parties.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.The public transportation system, DART First State, was named "Most Outstanding Public Transportation System" in 2003 by the American Public Transportation Association.^ In September all three signed a treaty at Fort Pitt with the Americans - the first treaty between the United States and Native Americans.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.Coverage of the system is broad within northern New Castle County with close association to major highways in Kent and Sussex Counties.^ New Castle County Council contended that the renumbering would further encourage through traffic to use the eastern bypass of Wilmington.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ FOR DELAWARE: New Castle County: On Dec 14, four SANDHILL CRANES were spotted flying toward Hockessin from the Mount Cuba Center.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ On Jan 3-6, a NORTHERN SHRIKE and NORTHERN GOSHAWK were spotted seen from Janes Lane near its intersection with Kings Highway in the extreme southern corner of the county, near East Greenville.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

The system includes bus, subsidized passenger rail operated by Philadelphia transit agency SEPTA, subsidized taxi and paratransit modes, the latter consisting of a state-wide door-to-door bus service for the elderly and disabled. .Passenger rail service on SEPTA's R2 Regional Rail line is limited to a single southwest-to-northeast line on the Northeast Corridor in New Castle County serving Claymont, Wilmington, Churchmans Crossing, and Newark.^ New Castle County Council contended that the renumbering would further encourage through traffic to use the eastern bypass of Wilmington.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ FOR DELAWARE: New Castle County: On Dec 14, four SANDHILL CRANES were spotted flying toward Hockessin from the Mount Cuba Center.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ FOR DELAWARE: New Castle County: On Jan 10, a GOLDEN EAGLE flew over Carpenter Woods at Brandywine Creek State Park.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

There are three ferries that operate in the state of Delaware:
.Amtrak has two stations in Delaware along the Northeast Corridor; the relatively quiet Newark Rail Station in Newark, and the busier Wilmington Rail Station in Wilmington.^ During the 1960s and through to the 1980s a north-south freeway was planned along the U.S. 301 corridor between Middletown and Newark.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The major freight railroad in Delaware is the Class 1 Norfolk Southern, which provides service to most of Delaware.^ With a new war threatening, the Delaware decided their old villages in east-central Ohio were vulnerable and relocated most of them to northwestern Ohio and southern Indiana.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.It connects with two shortline railroads, the Delaware Coast Line Railway and the Maryland & Delaware Railroad.^ Delaware Reference Numbers: 56 - Maryland state line to Interstate 295 59 - Interstate 295 to Pennsylvania state line .
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

These two shortlines serve local customers in Sussex County. .Another Class 1 railroad, CSX, passes through northern New Castle County parallel to the Amtrak Northeast Corridor.^ Lehigh County: The NORTHERN SHRIKE and light morph ROUGH-LEGGED HAWK at the Moyers' farm were seen through Jan 10.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ In March a Delaware war party returning from a raid in Pennsylvania passed through on its way back to northern Ohio.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ New Castle County Council contended that the renumbering would further encourage through traffic to use the eastern bypass of Wilmington.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Delaware is the only state in the country without commercial air service.^ Other Delaware groups without federal or state recognition include: the Brotherton Indians (Wisconsin) and the Eastern Lenapi Nation (Pennsylvania).
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Minimum wage laws by state Job services in Delaware Libraries .
  • Delaware, Delaware (DE) - Sperling's BestPlaces 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: General]

.On June 29, 2006, Atlantic Southeast Airline, a subsidiary of Delta Air Lines, began two-a-day flights between Atlanta's Hartsfield International to New Castle Airport.^ My favorite bird seen on Christmas Day was my first "life" SNOWY OWL seen on the new tarmac of Philadelphia Airport.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

[15] However, the flights ended on September 6, 2007.

Law and government

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic
2004 45.75% 171,660 53.35% 200,152
2000 41.90% 137,288 54.96% 180,068
1996 36.58% 99,062 51.82% 140,955
1992 35.33% 102,313 43.52% 126,054
1988 55.88% 139,639 43.48% 108,647
1984 59.78% 152,190 39.93% 101,656
1980 47.21% 111,252 44.87% 105,754
1976 46.57% 109,831 51.98% 122,596
1972 59.60% 140,357 39.18% 92,283
1968 45.12% 96,714 41.61% 89,194
1964 38.78% 78,078 60.95% 122,704
1960 49.00% 96,373 50.63% 99,590
Delaware's fourth and current constitution, adopted in 1897, provides for executive, judicial and legislative branches.

Legislative branch

Delaware General Assembly consists of a House of Representatives with 41 members and a Senate with 21 members. It sits in Dover, the state capital. Representatives are elected to two-year terms, while senators are elected to four-year terms. The Senate confirms judicial and other nominees appointed by the governor.

Judicial branch

The Delaware Constitution establishes a number of courts:
  • The Delaware Supreme Court is the state's highest court.
  • The Superior Court of Delaware is the state's trial court of general jurisdiction.
  • The Court of Chancery deals primarily in corporate disputes.
  • The Family Court handles domestic and custody matters.
  • The Court of Common Pleas has jurisdiction over a limited class of civil and criminal matters.
Minor non-constitutional courts include the Justice of the Peace Courts and Aldermen's Courts.
.Significantly, Delaware has one of the few remaining Courts of Chancery in the nation, which has jurisdiction over equity cases, the vast majority of which are corporate disputes, many relating to mergers and acquisitions.^ Very few signs remain alluding to Interstate 95 as the Delaware Turnpike.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Court of Chancery and the Supreme Court have developed a worldwide reputation for rendering concise opinions concerning corporate law which generally (but not always) grant broad discretion to corporate boards of directors and officers. .In addition, the Delaware General Corporation Law, which forms the basis of the Courts' opinions, is widely regarded as giving great flexibility to corporations to manage their affairs.^ Find a Lawyer in Delaware - Delaware Legal Articles Delaware Legal Forms - Delaware Court Information Delaware Code and Statutes - State of Delaware Website Links .
  • Delaware Attorney, Lawyer, Attorneys, Lawyers and Legal Research Information - Lawyers.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: News]

^ Delaware Court Forms .
  • Delaware Attorney, Lawyer, Attorneys, Lawyers and Legal Research Information - Lawyers.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: News]

.For these reasons, Delaware is considered to have the most business-friendly legal system in the United States; therefore a great number of companies are incorporated in Delaware, including 60% of the companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange.^ Some accounts of the French and Indian War leave the impression that most of the warfare occurred in upstate New York and the "Indians" were fighting for the French.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although the Osage had ceded the land to the United States in 1808, they continued to use it for hunting and when they encountered Delaware, they regarded them as intruders.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite these new arrivals, the Delaware still had more than enough land to sell some of it to the Wyandot when they were removed from Ohio to Kansas in 1843.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

[16]

Executive branch

The executive branch is headed by the Governor of Delaware. The present governor is Ruth Ann Minner (Democrat), who was elected as the state's first female governor in 2000. The lieutenant governor is John C. Carney. Delaware's U.S. Senators are Joseph R. Biden, Jr. (Democrat) and Thomas R. Carper (Democrat). Delaware's single US Representative is Michael N. Castle (Republican).
Further information: List of Governors of DelawareImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
.
Delaware has three counties: Kent County, New Castle County, and Sussex County.
^ Sussex County: An adult BLACK-HEADED GULL put in an appearance at the Wolfe Neck Wastewater Treatment Facility on Jan 9 & 11, and three BLACK-HEADED GULLS were there on Jan 7.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ Middlesex County: On Jan 9, COMMON GOLDENEYES, including a yellow-billed GOLDENEYE were reported from the Delaware & Raritan Canal in New Brunswick.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ New Castle County Council contended that the renumbering would further encourage through traffic to use the eastern bypass of Wilmington.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Each county elects its own legislative body (known in New Castle and Sussex counties as County Council, and in Kent County as Levy Court), which deal primarily in zoning and development issues.^ New Castle County Council contended that the renumbering would further encourage through traffic to use the eastern bypass of Wilmington.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ FOR DELAWARE: New Castle County: On Dec 14, four SANDHILL CRANES were spotted flying toward Hockessin from the Mount Cuba Center.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ Specializing in residential listings and sales in New Castle & Kent County De, Cecil...
  • Delaware, Delaware (DE) - Sperling's BestPlaces 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: General]

.Most functions which are handled on a county-by-county basis in other states — such as court and law enforcement — have been centralized in Delaware, leading to a significant concentration of power in the Delaware state government.^ With a new war threatening, the Delaware decided their old villages in east-central Ohio were vulnerable and relocated most of them to northwestern Ohio and southern Indiana.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Other Delaware groups without federal or state recognition include: the Brotherton Indians (Wisconsin) and the Eastern Lenapi Nation (Pennsylvania).
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Minimum wage laws by state Job services in Delaware Libraries .
  • Delaware, Delaware (DE) - Sperling's BestPlaces 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: General]

.The counties were historically divided into hundreds, which were used as tax reporting and voting districts until the 1960s, but now serve no administrative role, their only current official legal use being in real-estate title descriptions.^ Search the National Register for historic properties Search the Library of Congress National Historic Landmark search Housing & Real Estate .
  • Delaware, Delaware (DE) - Sperling's BestPlaces 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: General]

[17]
The Democratic Party holds a plurality of registrations in Delaware. Until the 2000 Presidential election, the state tended to be a Presidential bellwether, sending its three electoral votes to the winning candidate for over 50 years in a row. Bucking that trend, however, in 2000 and again in 2004 Delaware voted for the Democratic candidate. .In the 2000 election Delaware voted with the winner of the popular vote, Al Gore, who subsequently lost the Electoral Vote to George W. Bush (see United States Presidential Election for more information.^ Although the Osage had ceded the land to the United States in 1808, they continued to use it for hunting and when they encountered Delaware, they regarded them as intruders.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Unfortunately, much of Delaware's new land had formerly belonged to the Pawnee, and the United States had neglected to inform the Pawnee before relocating the Delaware.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Following a legal battle covering almost 20 years, the Delaware, who were the first tribe to sign a treaty with the United States, have just been successful in reversing this decision and regaining federal recognition as a separate tribe, the Delaware Tribe of Indians.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

) John Kerry won Delaware by eight percentage points with 53.5% of the vote in 2004.
.Historically, the Republican Party had an immense influence on Delaware politics, due in large part to the wealthy du Pont family.^ The Delaware formed a war party and burned the main Pawnee village on the Republican River.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.Ralph Nader assembled a working group to investigate ties between Delaware's politicians and industrialists, resulting in a book published in 1968 entitled The Company State.^ Angered by the Walking Purchase and Iroquois insults, small groups of Delaware also left the Susquehanna, without Iroquois permission, between 1742 and 1749 to join the Shawnee and Mingo.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Delaware Turnpike constitutes the freeway between the state line and Exit 5.
  • Interstate 95 Delaware @ AARoads 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.aaroads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As DuPont's political influence has declined, so has that of the Delaware Republican Party.^ The Delaware formed a war party and burned the main Pawnee village on the Republican River.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

The Democrats have won the past four gubernatorial elections and currently hold seven of the nine statewide elected offices (Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Treasurer, Insurance Commissioner, Attorney General, and two U.S. Senators), while the Republicans hold the remaining two (the state's at-large House seat and the office of Auditor). .However, this belies the fact that the Democratic Party gains most of its votes from heavily-developed New Castle County, whereas the lesser-populated Kent and Sussex Counties vote Republican.^ FOR DELAWARE: New Castle County: On Dec 14, four SANDHILL CRANES were spotted flying toward Hockessin from the Mount Cuba Center.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ Specializing in residential listings and sales in New Castle & Kent County De, Cecil...
  • Delaware, Delaware (DE) - Sperling's BestPlaces 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: General]

^ I am a transplant, having lived for 18 years in NJ, 9 in OR, and 4 in PA. I live in New Castle County, in Newark.
  • Delaware, Delaware (DE) - Sperling's BestPlaces 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: General]

See also: United States presidential election

Municipalities

Wilmington is the state's largest city and its economic hub. It is located within commuting distance of both Philadelphia and Baltimore. Despite Wilmington's size, all regions of Delaware are enjoying phenomenal growth, with Dover and the beach resorts expanding immensely.
Further information: List of Delaware municipalitiesImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif


Counties

Cities

Towns

Towns (cont.)

Villages

map of Delaware cities

Unincorporated places

Top 10 richest places in Delaware

  1. Greenville: $83,223
  2. Henlopen Acres: $82,091
  3. South Bethany: $53,624
  4. Dewey Beach: $51,958
  5. Fenwick Island: $44,415
  6. Bethany Beach: $41,306
  7. Hockessin: $40,516
  8. North Star: $39,677
  9. Rehoboth Beach: $38,494
  10. Ardentown: $35,577
Further information: Delaware locations by per capita incomeImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif

Education

Delaware was the origin of Belton v. Gebhart, one of the four cases which was combined into Brown v. .Board of Education, the Supreme Court of the United States decision that led to the end of segregated public schools.^ When the war ended, most stayed in Canada and did not return to the United States.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.Significantly, Belton was the only case in which the state court found for the plaintiffs, thereby ruling that segregation was unconstitutional.^ However, in a 1904 decision, the federal courts ruled that the government had not conferred ownership on Native Americans, but only the "right of occupancy."
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.Even more ironically, Delaware's segregated school system was substantially supported by donations from the wealthy du Pont family beginning with the Civil War, when the DuPont Company's profits grew thanks to a high demand for its gunpowder products.^ Although they were still not citizens at this time, the Delaware declared for the Union at the outbreak of the Civil War.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Only the Miami, Shawnee and Wyandot favored war, but even the Miami war chief Little Turtle was beginning to think the alliance would lose and urged negotiations.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The arrangement was mutually beneficial, since with almost $1,000,000 in their tribal fund, the Delaware were landless with money, while after the Civil War, the Cherokee were poor with more land than they needed.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

Unlike many states, Delaware's educational system is centralized in a state Superintendent of Education, with local school boards retaining control over taxation and some curriculum decisions.
A "three-tiered diploma" system fostered by Governor Ruth Ann Minner, which awarded "basic," "standard," and "distinguished" high-school diplomas based on a student's performance in the Delaware Student Testing Program, was recently discontinued by the General Assembly after many Delawareans questioned its fairness.

Colleges and universities

Miscellaneous topics

Media

There are no network broadcast-television stations operating solely in Delaware. A public-television station from Philadelphia (but licensed to Wilmington), WHYY-TV, maintains a studio and broadcasting facility in Wilmington and Dover. Philadelphia's ABC affiliate, WPVI-TV, maintains a news bureau in downtown Wilmington. The northern part of the state is served by network stations in Philadelphia and the southern part by network stations in Baltimore and Salisbury. Salisbury's CBS affiliate, WBOC-TV, maintains bureaus in Dover and Milton.

Tourism

While Delaware has no places designated as national parks, national seashores, national battlefields, national memorials, or national monuments, it does have several National Historic Landmarks. In addition, there are a number of other places of interest such as botanical gardens, museums, wildlife refuges, parks, houses, lighthouses, and other historic places. Delaware also boasts the longest twin span suspension bridge in the world.[18] The state was playfully mocked for its lack of renown as a vacation destination in the movie Wayne's World and the TV show, The Simpsons.

Festivals

The Big August Quarterly is an annual religious festival held in Wilmington, Delaware, and is sometimes called "Big Quarterly" or "August Quarterly." The festival began in 1814 by Peter Spencer in connection with the "quarterly" meeting (or "conference") of the African Union Church. .Out of the four meetings during the year, the one in August became the "annual conference" of the Church when ministers' assignments for the next year were announced, among other business — it was a time for free blacks and slaves alike to come together (from the multi-state area) and celebrate their faith with singing, dancing, testifying, and feasting.^ Working together with the DCED, local municipalities, and the D&L, we are looking forward to tremendous growth during the next few years.

^ After four years of fighting, the Mahican were defeated and forced east of the Hudson, after which the Mohawk became the dominant Dutch trading partner along the Hudson.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Wayne established himself at Fort Washington (Cincinnati) and during the next two years made careful preparations to destroy the alliance.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

It is the oldest such celebration in the country. Senator Biden's remarks on the significance of the "Big Quarterly" were published in the Congressional Record for 30 July 1981 (Vol. 127, No. 117) and for 9 August 1984 (Vol 130, No. 106).
The Delaware State Fair (also known as the Harrington fair) is popular with families and the agriculture industries. .It is Delaware's biggest and only state fair that comes in the last two weeks of July.^ But, in the past two weeks I have only seen her very briefly.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ The 2009 Unofficial Delaware State Year List remains at 328 species, this week.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ The federally-recognized Delaware tribes in Oklahoma only recognize two eastern groups: the Sand Hill Band of Lenape and the Nanticoke-Lenape.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

[19] People come from all over the Tri-State area to take part in a Delaware tradition. .Along with the fair on the Delaware State Fair Grounds is the horse racing track, casiono, and the Grand Stand.^ The 2010 Unofficial Delaware State Year stands at 125 species, that's down from 150 species by this time last year.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

Some of the shows that go on in the Grand Stand are concerts which Yellow Card has performed, Demolition Derbys, Circus performances, and even stand comedy by Bill Cosby.
.Every year, the Delaware Sängerbund (German for Singers Alliance) holds a three day long Oktoberfest.^ After agreeing to removal in 1829, it took the Ohio Delaware almost three years before they joined the other Delaware in Kansas in 1832.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

Although the cultural significance of the Sängerbund has diminished over the years, the festival is extremely popular and attracts visitors from all over the East Coast.
The city of Wilmington is home to several ethnic festivals, including the Puerto Rican Festival, which includes a parade, the Polish Festival, the Greek Festival held at the Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church, and the Italian Festival held at St. Anthony of Padua Roman Catholic Church. Wilmington's substantial Polish-American population supports a yearly Pulaski Day Parade in March as well as a summer Polish Festival, hosted by Saint Hedwig's Roman Catholic Church. The Italian Festival is held in an area of Wilmington known as Little Italy by Saint Anthony's Roman Catholic Church in Wilmington, and covers several blocks. .It runs from sunup to sundown for a week, and features Italian food, merchandise, live music, bars, amusement park rides, and the All Saints parade on the closing night of the festival.^ All three species of scoter were seen at the swimming beach at Cape Henlopen State Park this week.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

In Bethany Beach, the end of the summer season is honored each year with a traditional jazz funeral down the town's boardwalk. And at the end of October, Rehoboth Beach holds its annual Sea Witch Halloween and Fiddlers' Festival. Rehoboth Beach also hosts the Polar Bear Plunge every February and the Rehoboth Beach Independent Film Festival in November.
The Clifford Brown Jazz Festival is a free jazz music festival held annually at Rodney Square in Wilmington, Delaware. .The first festival was held in 1989 on the open lawn in the central area of the city and has remained free to the public.^ This program is free and open to the public.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

The event is held in honor of Clifford Brown who died in a traffic accident in 1956.
The Wilmington Flower Market is a carnival-style festival held each May in Wilmington's Rockford Park. The Flower Market is a three-day long festival which serves as a fundraiser for charitable organizations which benefit Delaware's children.
Another unique tradition is Sussex County's Punkin Chunkin, where specially grown pumpkins are shot from devices such as air-powered cannons, trebuchets, catapults, and various other contraptions. The goal is to see which device can hurl a pumpkin the greatest distance, with some currently reaching distances of almost a mile. The carnival atmosphere is themed in pumpkins with more and more attractions added each year.
During the second weekend in October, Bridgeville hosts the annual Apple Scrapple Festival. The fun begins Friday night with a carnival, food court and street dance. Saturday morning starts out with an all you can eat scrapple breakfast. Other activities include kids' games, scrapple chunkin, scrapple carving, live entertainment, car show, tractor pull, trade show, and craft shows. When you get hungry the food court has apple fritters, scrapple sandwiches, crabcake sandwiches, oyster sandwiches, hamburgers and hotdogs, barbecue beef sandwiches, boardwalk fries, apple dumplings, ice cream and more. On the second Saturday in March each year the Chocolate Festival at the Rehoboth Beach Convention Center features chocolate made by professionals, amateurs, bakeries, and children.
.Another unique Delaware rite is Return Day, which occurs every two years on the Thursday following the November general election.^ They returned the following year but no longer felt safe.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The news of agreement immediately reached Ohio, and the Delaware and Shawnee offered no resistance to the capture of Fort Duquesne by General John Forbes in November.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These two, followed by Barred Owl on January 1st, are the earliest breeders in Delaware.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

Believed to be the only event of its kind in the United States, and recognized as such by Rep. Mike Castle, R-Del., and the U.S. Congress, it is a continuation of a tradition that dates back to Delaware's earliest days in the 18th century. .Residents of Sussex County at that time would travel to Georgetown, the county seat, to cast their ballots and then wait, in the days following, to hear the results, or "returns."^ Sussex County: On Dec 19, PURPLE FINCHES visited a yard in Georgetown.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

Today, the immediacy of television, newspapers, radio and the Internet would make such an event obsolete, but it has thrived as a matter of tradition and celebration. Festivities include the reading of election results from the Sussex County Courthouse balcony by the town crier, a parade in which winners and losers ride together, the roasting of an ox behind the courthouse, and the ceremonial burying of the hatchet in sand from Lewes Beach.

Sports

Club Sport League
Wilmington Blue Rocks Baseball Minor League Baseball
Delaware Griffins Football Women's Professional Football League
Delaware Smash Tennis World Team Tennis
Central Delaware SA Future Soccer Women's Premier Soccer League
Delaware Dynasty Soccer USL Premier Development League
Wilmingon City Ruff Rollers Roller Derby Women's Flat Track Derby Association
.In place of in-state professional sports teams, many Delawareans follow either Philadelphia or Baltimore teams, depending on their location within the state, with Philadelphia teams receiving the largest fan following, though before the Baltimore Ravens entered the NFL, the Washington Redskins had a significant fan base in Sussex County and the Baltimore Colts had a significant fan base in northern counties.^ In 2007, he did a Big Year in Philadelphia, an attempt to see as many species of birds as possible within the city limits.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

^ On Dec 11-16, a NORTHERN SHRIKE was at Disposal Rd, north of the northern end of Saw Mill Creek Trail at DeKorte State Park, Bergen County.
  • Delaware Birds 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC birdingonthe.net [Source type: General]

.In addition, the University of Delaware's football team has a loyal following throughout the state, with Delaware State University's team enjoying popularity on a much lesser scale.^ Unfortunately, much of Delaware's new land had formerly belonged to the Pawnee, and the United States had neglected to inform the Pawnee before relocating the Delaware.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

Delaware is home to Dover International Speedway and Dover Downs. DIS, also known as the Monster Mile, hosts two NASCAR races each year. Dover Downs is a popular harness racing facility. In what may be the only co-located horse and car-racing facility in the nation, the Dover Downs track is located inside the DIS track.
Delaware has been home to professional wrestling outfit CZW, particularly the annual Tournament of Death, and ECWA, particularly the annual Super 8 Tournament.
Delaware is home to the Diamond State Games, an amateur Olympic-style sports festival. The event is open to athletes of all ages and is also open to residents beyond the borders of Delaware. The Diamond State Games were created in 2001 and participation levels average roughly 2500 per year in 12 contested sports.

Delaware Native Americans

.Delaware is also the name of a Native American group (called in their own name Lenni Lenape) that was very influential in the dawning days of the United States.^ Names Delaware is not a Native American name.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Indiana became a state in 1816 and immediately began to pressure the federal government for the removal of Native Americans from its territory.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

^ From their reserve in northeast Kansas, the Delaware became very much a part of the American movement across the west.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

.A band of the Nanticoke tribe of Indians still remains in Sussex County.^ The federally-recognized Delaware tribes in Oklahoma only recognize two eastern groups: the Sand Hill Band of Lenape and the Nanticoke-Lenape.
  • Delaware 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.tolatsga.org [Source type: Original source]

Namesakes

See also

References

  1. ^ a b http://www.udel.edu/dgs/Publications/pubsonline/info8.html
  2. ^ Elevations and Distances in the United States. U.S Geological Survey (29 April 2005). Retrieved on November 3, 2006.
  3. ^ While the U.S. Census Bureau designates Delaware as one of the CSV
  4. ^ http://www.state.de.us/gic/delfacts/gov.shtml
    Even though the states were already known as such prior to the Constitution, the motto itself is still historically accurate, as Delaware was indeed the first state to ratify the Declaration of Independence also refers to them as "States"). Commemorating Delaware's ratification, Constitution Park (one block from where Dover's Golden Fleece Tavern once stood) features a four-foot cube upon which is inscribed the entire document as it has evolved.
  5. ^ Delaware Facts and Symbols. State of Delaware. Retrieved on 2007-10-30.
  6. ^ Population and Population Centers by State: 2000 (TXT). [[2002-02-20|]]. Retrieved on 2007-03-09.
  7. ^ J.L. Miller. "Del. English legislation unnecessary, critics say", [[The News Journal|]], May 24 2006, p. A1. Retrieved on 2006-04-27.  Note: the URL directs to an archival [[Google|]] cache page
  8. ^ Outten (sponsor), Rep. William R.; Reps. Spence, Lee, Atkins, Carey, Ewing, Hocker, Hudson, Thornburg, Caulk (May 23 2006). HOUSE BILL NO. 436: AN ACT TO AMEND TITLE 1 OF THE DELAWARE CODE RELATING TO STATE LANGUAGE. Delaware House of Representatives, 143rd General Assembly. Retrieved on May 27, 2006.
  9. ^ {{cite news | author =Luladey B. Tadesse | title =Del. workers earn 7th-highest salary in U.S. | url =http://www.delawareonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060826/NEWS/608260340/1006/NEWS | publisher =[[Delaware News-Journal|]] Note: value of $937 per week was for the 4th quarter of 2005.
  10. ^ DuPont is the second largest private employer in Delaware, providing >8,800 jobs. Tadesse, Luladey B. "DuPont cuts jobs to grow seeds", Delaware News Journal, 12 December 2006. Retrieved on 2006-12-12. 
  11. ^ CHAPTER 7. REGULATORY PROVISIONS. Online Delaware Code. Delaware General Assembly. Retrieved on 2007-03-09.
  12. ^ State of Delaware Department of Transportation. State of Delaware. Retrieved on 30 June 2006.
  13. ^ Delaware Department of Transportation Public Relations (2004). Delaware Transportation Facts 2004. DelDOT Division of Planning. 
  14. ^ Delaware Bicycle Facility Master Plan
  15. ^ Church, Steven. "Today, you can go anywhere Delta goes", [[The News Journal|]], 29 June 2006, p. A1. Retrieved on [[30 June 2006]]. 
  16. ^ Division of Corporations - About Agency. Delaware Division of Corporations. Retrieved on 2007-03-09.
  17. ^ The Hundreds of Delaware: 1700 - 1800, Delaware Department of State:Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs website
  18. ^ http://www.drba.net/bridge/
  19. ^ See You at the Fair!. State of Delaware (March 27, 2007). Retrieved on 2007-10-07.

External links

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Articles on this topic in other Wikimedia projects can be found at: Delaware
Preceded by
First state
List of U.S. states by date of statehood
Ratified Constitution on December 7, 1787 (1st)
Succeeded by
Pennsylvania
This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Delaware. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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Subdivision of country United States  +

This article uses material from the "Delaware" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

State of Delaware
File:Flag of File:Seal of
Flag of Delaware Seal of Delaware
Also called: The First State, The Small Wonder
Saying(s): Liberty and Independence
[[File:|center|Map of the United States with Delaware highlighted]]
Official language(s) None
Capital Dover
Largest city Wilmington
Area  Ranked 49th
 - Total 2,491 sq mi
(6,452 km²)
 - Width 30 miles (48 km)
 - Length 100 miles (161 km)
 - % water 21.5
 - Latitude 38°27'N to 39°50'N
 - Longitude 75°2'W to 75°47'W
Number of people  Ranked 46th
 - Total (2010) 897,934[1]
 - Density 460.8/sq mi 
177.2/km² (8th)
 - Average income  $50,152 (12th)
Height above sea level  
 - Highest point near Ebright Azimuth[2]
450[2] ft  (137 m)
 - Average 59 ft  (18 m)
 - Lowest point Atlantic Ocean[3]
0 ft  (0 m)
Became part of the U.S.  December 7, 1787 (1st)
Governor Jack A. Markell (D)
U.S. Senators Thomas R. Carper (D)
Edward Kaufman (D)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Abbreviations DE US-DE
Web site delaware.gov

Delaware is a state in the United States. It is sometimes called the First State because it was the first colony to accept the new constitution in 1787. Its capital is Dover and its biggest city is Wilmington.

The Dutch first settled Delaware. The Swedish then took over in the mid-1600s.

References

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 17, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Delaware, which are similar to those in the above article.








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