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Delitzsch
Coat of arms of Delitzsch
Delitzsch is located in Germany
Delitzsch
Coordinates 51°31′35″N 12°20′33″E / 51.52639°N 12.3425°E / 51.52639; 12.3425
Administration
Country Germany
State Saxony
Admin. region Leipzig
District Nordsachsen
Town subdivisions 4
Mayor Dr. Manfred Wilde (partyless)
Basic statistics
Area 83.56 km2 (32.26 sq mi)
Elevation 110 m  (361 ft)
Population 27,521  (31 December 2006)
 - Density 329 /km2 (853 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate TDO
Postal code 04509
Area code 034202
Website www.delitzsch.de
Location of the town of Delitzsch within Nordsachsen district
Map

Delitzsch (German pronunciation: [ˈdeːlɪtʃ]) is a German city in Saxony, near Leipzig. It is part of the district of Nordsachsen.

Contents

History

Delitzsch was founded as a town around 1200 AD (according to chronicles) and became recognized as a city in 1300 AD. Both before and after its founding, the city fought off many invaders: first the Slavic tribes who had lived there before the city was founded and then, later, in the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648), the Swedes. A legend arose from this final encounter with the Swedes, saying that when the Swedes reached the river Lober, the tower warden's daughter spied them and blew a trumpet, allowing the citizens of the town to get to safety and prepare, and as a result the invaders were defeated. Every year there is a historical fair (medieval style) to celebrate this victory over the Swedes and, during the fair, shopping centers are open on Sundays.

In World War II (1939 - 1945), only one building was burned, the station. In comparison to other German cities that was the minimal damage a town could get in a nation under heavy fire.

According to a 1996 survey, Delitzsch had more than 27,000 inhabitants. However, many young people leave the region due to the high unemployment rate in the "Neue Bundesländer" (New Federal States). They instead go to the western parts of Germany to seek better employment and educational opportunities.

Industry

During the years of the German Democratic Republic, many regions were industrialized for coal mining to get electricity; as was the case in Delitzsch. After the fall of the Berlin Wall, the new government of Saxony decided to restructure the region around Delitzsch into a recreational center, called "Tagebaurestloch Goitzsche" (mining resort Goitzsch - the origin of Goitzsche is unknown).

In the 1990s, Delitzsch had a Südzucker sugar factory, Europe's largest sugar producer. It also had a railway plant for the Deutsche Bahn, which will be closed in 2006 following heavy debate with the CEO of the company, Hartmut Mehdorn, about its future. The plant was bought by a private company, and now continues to operate, being the largest private rail maintenance plant in Germany.

The biggest employer in town is a chocolate factory of the Vanetten company which produces chocolate Santa Clauses, jelly bananas, chocolate Easter rabbits, and other sweets.

The private sector is the largest employer of the city - insurance, banks, etc. Delitzsch also has a hospital which is the largest in the county. However, most of the citizens are commuters who work in Leipzig.

Delitzsch is also home to a branch of the German Army's NCO Academy (Unteroffizierschule des Heeres).

Interesting facts

An older tenement near the city-centre

Famous Delitzschers

Sights

Delitzsch has many sights to offer, including a castle, a medieval inner city, and a historic town wall which was rebuilt in the 1990s. In the castle, there is also a marriage council.

Sports

After the GDR period, Delitzsch began a sports raffle because sport was no longer financed by the government, and many sports clubs had to close. However, there are still five major sports clubs in Delitzsch:

  • ESV (Eisenbahner Sportverein) - the town's first and older soccer team - soccer
  • PSV (Polizeisportverein) - the town's second soccer team
  • DTC (Delitzscher Tennisclub) - local tennis club - tennis
  • Delitzscher Sportfüchse - Judo
  • Concordia Delitzsch - was the first sports club to reach the first league of any type of sports in Germany in the history of Delitzsch in 2005.
  • GSVE (Gymniasialer Sportverein Ehrenberg) - currently in the second league of Germany's volleyball bundesliga, after one year in the first league- volleyball.

There are also other sports clubs which seek to cater to everyone.

Education

Because Delitzsch lost many citizens to Western Germany, many schools were torn down because there were not enough students to teach.

In 2003, the Mittelschule Delitzsch Nord merged with the Mittelschule Delitzsch West, and the Oscar-Reime-Gymnasium (grammar school) merged with the Ehrenberg-Gymnasium. Delitzsch currently has two middle schools: Mittelschule Delitzsch-Nord and Arthur-Becker-Mittelschule. The Comenius-Mittelschule closed in 2006. It has one grammar school: Ehrenberg-Gymnasium. There are also elementary schools: Rosenweg and others. The Grundschule Delitzsch-West (elementary school) was closed in 1999.

Delitzsch has the most modern vocational grammar school in Saxony, the "Berufsschulzentrum Hermann-Schulze-Delitzsch". The school is in cooperation with Apple Germany, a computer manufacturer. The school has a good sporting complex for track and field, basketball, and other sports.

External links

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

DELITZSCH, a town of Germany, in the Prussian province of Saxony, on the Lober, an affluent of the Mulde, 12 m. north of Leipzig at the junction of the railways, Bitterfeld-Leipzig and Halle-Cottbus. Pop. (1905) 10,479. Its public buildings comprise an old castle of the 14th century now used as a female penitentiary, a Roman Catholic and three Protestant churches, a normal college (Schullehrerseminar) established in 1873 and several other educational institutions. Besides Kuhschwanz, a peculiar kind of beer, it manufactures tobacco, cigars, shoes and hosiery; and coal-mining is carried on in the neighbourhood, It was the birthplace of the naturalist Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg (1795-1876), and the political economist Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch (1808-1883), to the latter of whom a statue has been erected. Originally a settlement of the Sorbian Wends, and in the 12th century part of the possessions of the bishops of Merseburg, Delitzsch ultimately passed to the Saxe-Merseburg family, and, on their extinction in 1738, was incorporated with Electoral Saxony.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

German

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Wikipedia

Proper noun

Delitzsch

  1. A surname.
  2. A German city in Saxony, near Leipzig.

Simple English

Delitzsch

Delitzsch
Coordinates 51°31′35″N 12°20′33″E / 51.52639°N 12.3425°E / 51.52639; 12.3425
Administration
Country Germany
State Saxony
Admin. region Leipzig
District Nordsachsen
Town subdivisions 4
Mayor Manfred Wilde (Ind.)
Basic statistics
Area 83.56 km2 (32.26 sq mi)
Elevation 110 m  (361 ft)
Population 26,532  (31 December 2009)
 - Density 318 /km2 (822 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate TDO
Postal code 04509
Area code 034202
Website www.delitzsch.de

Delitzsch (IPA: [ˈdeːlɪtʃ]) is a German city in Saxony, near Leipzig. It is part of the rural district of Nordsachsen.


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